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1.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of different polyphenols and solvents on dentin collagen's crosslinking interactions and biostabilization against MMPs and collagenase degradation. METHODS: Two polyphenols [proanthocyanidin (PA) and quercetin (QC)] with different water solubility were prepared as treatment solutions using ethanol (EtOH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as solvents. 6-um-thick dentin films were microtomed from dentin slabs of third molars. Following demineralization, films or slabs were subject to 60-s treatment (PA or QC) or no treatment (control) with subsequent extended-rinse with original solvent (EtOH or DMSO) or distilled water (DW). Collagen crosslinking interactions were assessed by FTIR. Biostability was assessed through endogenous MMPs activity via confocal laser scanning microscopy, and exogenous collagenase degradation via weight loss, hydroxyproline release and SEM. Finally, direct collagenase inactivation was also evaluated. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and post-hoc tests (α=0.05%). RESULTS: Distinct effects of two polyphenols and solvents on collagen crosslinking and biostabilization were observed. Higher crosslinking and biostability efficacy occurred with PA than QC (p<0.001) that demonstrated negligible collagen interactions. With DMSO solvent, efficacy results were significantly reduced with both polyphenols (p<0.05). DMSO-rinse further weakened interactions of PA with collagen, diminishing biostability (p<0.05). Low biostability was detected with QC and DW-rinse, suggesting direct enzymatic inhibition due to physical presence in collagen. SIGNIFICANCE: Collagen crosslinking interactions and biostability depend on polyphenol chemical characteristics. Treatment-solution solvents may affect interactions between polyphenols and collagen, specifically, DMSO showed detrimental effects on collagen crosslinking and biostability and should be used with caution.

2.
Dent Mater ; 37(7): 1193-1201, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a novel polymerizable collagen cross-linker methacrylate-functionalized proanthocyanidins (MAPA) on the polymerization, microhardness and leaching of a HEMA-based experimental dental adhesive system. METHODS: Three MAPAs were synthesized using different methacrylate (MA) to proanthocyanidins (PA) feeding ratios of 1:2, 1:1, and 2:1 to obtain MAPA-1, MAPA-2, and MAPA-3, respectively. The resulting three MAPAs and PA were added to an experimental adhesive formulated with HEMA and a tri-component photoinitiator system (0.5 wt% CQ/EDMAB/DPIHP) at 1%, 5% and 10% MAPA or PA concentrations (wt%). The adhesive polymerization kinetics was measured continuously in real-time for 10 min using a Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) with an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) accessory. Degree of conversion (DC) and Vickers microhardness (MH) of cured adhesives were measured at 72 h post-cure. The leaching of cured adhesives in DI water was monitored using UV-vis spectrophotometer. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way and two-way ANOVA, Tukey's (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The adhesive formulations with 1%, 5% and 10% MAPAs-1, -2, -3 all generated higher rate of polymerization and 10-min DC than the formulations with PA at the same concentrations. At 72 h post-cure, the adhesive formulation with 5% MAPA-2 exhibited significantly higher DC (99.40%) and more than doubled MH (18.93) values than the formulation with 5% PA (DC = 89.47%, MH = 8.41) and the control (DC = 95.46%, MH = 9.33). Moreover, the cured adhesive with 5% MAPA-2 demonstrated significantly reduced PA leaching in comparison with cured adhesive with 5% PA. SIGNIFICANCE: Synthesized MAPA is a novel class of polymerizable collagen cross-linker that not only stabilizes dentin collagen via its PA component, but also improves polymerization, mechanical properties and stability of HEMA-based adhesives via its MA component. By inheriting the benefit while overcoming the drawback of PA, MAPA offers a revolutionary solution for improved bond-strength and longevity of dental restorations.


Assuntos
Metacrilatos , Proantocianidinas , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Colágeno , Cimentos Dentários , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Fotoiniciadores Dentários , Polimerização
3.
Dent Mater ; 37(7): 1183-1192, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of methacrylate-functionalized proanthocyanidins (MAPAs) on dentin collagen's bio-stabilization against enzymatic degradation and crosslinking capability. METHODS: Three MAPAs were synthesized via varying methacrylate (MA) to proanthocyanidins (PA) feeding ratios of 1:2, 1:1, and 2:1 to obtain MAPA-1, MAPA-2, and MAPA-3, respectively. The three MAPAs were structurally characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic methods. 5-µm-thick dentin films were microtomed from dentin slabs of third molars. Following demineralization, films or slabs were treated with 1% MAPAs or PA in ethanol for 30 s. Collagen bio-stabilization against enzymatic degradation was analyzed by weight loss (WL) and hydroxyproline release (HYP) of films, as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on dentin slabs. Crosslinking capacity and interactions of MAPAs with collagen were investigated by FTIR. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05%). RESULTS: MA:PA feeding ratios affected MAPAs' chemical structures which in turn led to different collagen stabilization efficacy against degradation and varied collagen crosslinking capabilities. Higher collagen stabilization efficacy was detected using MAPA-1 (WL 10.52%; HYP 13.53 µg/mg) and MAPA-2 (WL 5.99%; HYP 11.02 µg/mg), which was comparable to that using PA (WL 8.79%; HYP 13.17 µg/mg) (p > 0.05), while a lower collagen stability occurred in MAPA-3 (WL 38.48%; HYP 29.49 µg/mg), indicating excessive MA-functionalization would compromise its stabilization efficacy. In comparison, complete digestion was detected for untreated collagen (WL 100%; HYP 102.76 µg/mg). The above results were consistent with collagen crosslinking efficacy of the three MAPAs revealed by SEM and FTIR. SIGNIFICANCE: A new class of novel polymerizable collagen cross-linkers MAPAs was synthesized and shown that, when appropriate MA:PA ratios were applied, the resulting MAPAs could render high collagen stability and the ability to copolymerize with resin monomers, overcoming the drawbacks of PA. These new polymerizable crosslinkers, when included in adhesives, could lead to long-lasting dentin bonding.


Assuntos
Colágeno , Colagem Dentária , Proantocianidinas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Metacrilatos , Resistência à Tração
4.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(2): 277-283, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the hydrogen peroxide (HP) penetration inside the pulp cavity and the color change of teeth submitted to the 15% carbamide peroxide (CP) nanoparticle bleaching gel at several application times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Premolars were divided into nine groups (n = 6) according to 15% CP bleaching agents (nanoparticle and commercial) and to application times (15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes). A negative control was exposed to ultra-purified water. After a whitening procedure, the HP concentration (µg/mL) inside the pulp cavity was assessed via spectrophotometry. The color change (ΔE* and ΔE00*) was evaluated with a spectrophotometer. Data were analyzed via two-way ANOVA and Tukey (α = 0.05). RESULTS: A lower concentration of HP was detected for CP nanoparticle gel after 30 and 45 minutes of whitening procedure (P = .001). The bleaching groups promoted a higher color change (ΔE* and ΔE00*) regardless of the application time (P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The CP nanoparticle gel reduced HP inside the pulp cavity, and showed effective bleaching compared with CP commercial gel. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Using 15% carbamide peroxide nanoparticle bleaching gel decreased the HP penetration inside the pulp cavity and may decrease bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity in at-home bleaching.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Peróxido de Carbamida , Cor , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Ureia
5.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(6): 3543-3553, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the ability of modified phosphoric acids containing chlorhexidine (CHX) or grape seed extract (GSE) for promoting simultaneous biomodification during acid etching on bonding properties in caries-affected dentin (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two human molars (8 with sound dentin [SD] and 24 naturally CAD) were selected for the study. The SD and CAD were initially exposed, then randomized and etched according to the following groups: (1) SD (SD-CT) and CAD (CAD-CT) both with 37% phosphoric acid, (2) CAD with 2% CHX containing 37% phosphoric acid (CAD-CHX), and (3) CAD with 2% GSE containing 10% phosphoric acid (CAD-GSE). The bonding procedure and composite build-ups were performed after acid etching. Subsequently, they were sectioned in resin-dentin specimens. The specimens were submitted for chemical profiling by micro-Raman, microtensile bond strength (µTBS), failure mode with chemical characterization by FEG/SEM-EDX, and in situ zymography by CLSM. The data from µTBS and CLSM were statistically analyzed (1-way ANOVA and Tukey's test; α = 0.05). RESULTS: The highest µTBS results were shown for SD-CT in comparison with all CAD groups (p < 0.001), and the lowest for CAD-CT and CAD-CHX (p < 0.001). The etching with CHX did not increase the µTBS for CAD when compared with CT (p = 0.52). However, the etching with GSE improved significantly the µTBS for CAD when compared with CT and CHX (p < 0.001). The chemical profile detected chemical and structural changes in collagen peaks for CAD-CT, which were not detected when the CAD was etched by modified acids. Also, the poorest hybridization ability was detected in CAD for CT, which was significantly improved with modified acids, especially the GSE, as evaluated by chemical profile and failure mode. A significant reduction of MMP activity on CAD was promoted by modified acids in comparison with CT (both p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The GSE-containing acid was able to promote biomodification during the acid etching, increasing the bonding properties and reducing the activity of the MMPs within the hybrid layer. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of GSE-containing phosphoric acid can be a promising alternative to improve the bonding performance on caries-affected dentin, since it is capable of biomodifying the dentin during the acid etching, without adding any extra step in bonding procedures.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
6.
Dent Mater ; 36(11): 1474-1485, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the five-year clinical performance of Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SU; 3M Oral Care, St. Paul, MN, USA) in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) using two evaluation criteria. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients participated in this study. Two hundred restorations were assigned to four groups: SU-ERm: etch-and-rinse + moist dentin; SU-ERd: etch-and-rinse + dry dentin; SU-Set: selective enamel etching; and SU-SE: self-etch. A nanofilled composite resin was placed incrementally. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and after 5 years using both the World Dental Federation (FDI) and the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. The survival rates (retention/fractures) were calculated with the Kaplan-Meier and the log-rank test. For the secondary outcomes, Friedman repeated measures analysis of variance by rank was applied (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 5 years the recall rate was 86%. The retention/fracture rates were 93% for Erm and ERd, 88.4% for SEet and 81.4% for SE. A significant difference was observed for SE vs. ERd and SE vs. ERm (p = 0.01). Also, marginal discoloration and adaptation showed significant differences with ERm and ERd resulting in fewer marginal discrepancies than SE (p < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: After 5 years, the clinical behavior of the universal adhesive in the etch-and-rinse strategy was better when compared to the self-etch strategy. The use of selective enamel etching is highly recommended for the self-etch strategy. The FDI and USPHS evaluation criteria showed similar results after 5 years.

7.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 12: 327-333, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32848479

RESUMO

Introduction: Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a condition associated with intraoral ulceration and bone necrosis induced by antiresorptive medications, such as zoledronic acid, a bisphosphonate. Previous data on Arrabidaea chica (H&B.) Verlot wound healing activity prompted the study reported herein on A. chica standardized hydro alcoholic extract in vitro cytoprotective activity data on epithelial and osteoblastic cells exposed to zoledronic acid (ZA). Methods: Primary human gingival fibroblasts and murine pre-osteoblasts were treated with ZA 10 µM together with 5 or 10 µg.mL-1 A. chica extract for 24h and 48 h. At both times, cells were submitted to viability assay and caspase 3/7 activation evaluation. Statistical analysis used one-way ANOVA and p=0.05. Results: In cell viability assay, a drastic damage effect of ZA appeared after 48 h in both epithelial (55.8%) and pre-osteoblastic cells (39.7%). When treated with ZA in combination with A. chica extract, cells showed higher viability values: 74.1%-82.3% for fibroblasts and 66% for pre-osteoblasts. Furthermore, the combined treatment presented lower caspase 3/7 activation in fibroblasts and pre-osteoblasts. Conclusion: At low concentrations, A. chica extract showed promising cytoprotective effects against ZA-induced damage actions; however, further in vitro and in vivo studies are required to establish the mechanism of action.

8.
Dent Mater ; 36(5): 672-680, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the ability of a chlorhexidine (CHX)-containing primer (0.2% aqueous solution) to inhibit dentinal enzymes, preserve the hybrid layer (HL) and remain within the HL, after 10 years of aging in artificial saliva at 37°C. METHODS: Non-carious extracted molars were assigned to two groups, cut into slabs exposing middle/deep dentin, etched and bonded with Adper Scotchbond 1XT (SB1XT) with or without 0.2% CHX aqueous solution pretreatment. Composite build-ups were made, and the specimens were cut in 1-mm thick bonded sticks. In situ zymography was performed on freshly prepared specimens (T0) and specimens aged for 10 years (T10-yr) at 37°C in artificial saliva, to investigate endogenous gelatinolytic activity within the HL. At T10-yr, specimens were also decalcified and embedded in epoxy resin for TEM analysis. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was performed at T0 and T10-yr to evaluate the chemical profiles in intertubular dentin and the HL. RESULTS: In situ zymography showed less pronounced enzymatic activity in the CHX-pretreated group (p<0.05) regardless of aging, maintaining a similar level of fluorescence at T0 and T10-yr (p>0.05). TEM results showed that 98% of the HL had been degraded in the control group, while 95% of the HL was intact in the experimental group. Moreover, all the Raman spectra peaks assigned to CHX could be identified only in the CHX-pretreated group (T0 and T10-yr). SIGNIFICANCE: In vitro, CHX remains in the HL after 10 years with its inhibitory effect preserved. This may be the underlying factor for HL preservation after this long aging period.


Assuntos
Clorexidina , Colagem Dentária , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(2): 809-822, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of collagen cross-linking agents on nanomechanical and bonding properties of eroded dentin (ED), 24 h and 2 years after water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human molar dentin surfaces, eroded by soft drinks or citric acid, were acid-etched and treated with primers containing proanthocyanidin (PA) and riboflavin (RI) or were untreated (control) and tested after 24 h and 2 years. After acid etching and adhesive application (Prime&Bond Elect (PBE); Scotchbond Universal (SBU); Tetric n-bond Universal (TEU)), specimens were sectioned into beams and tested for microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and silver nitrate deposition (NL) after 24 h and 2 years. The beams were used to evaluate the 24-h in situ conversion of degree (DC). Nanohardness (NH) and Young's modulus (YM) were evaluated via resin-bonded dentin slices after 24 h and 2 years. A three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis (5%). RESULTS: For both storage times, ED with citric acid resulted in lower µTBS, NH, and YM and higher NL for each adhesive system than soft drink ED (p < 0.05). After 2 years of water storage, cross-linking primers maintained the µTBS, NH, and YM (p < 0.05) when compared with the control group. Althougth, the NL values decreased for all groups after 2 years of water storage, PA and RI treatments showed NI values lower than control group (p < 0.001). No significant differences were observed between PA and RI treatments (p > 0.05). Cross-linking primers maintain or improve DC (p < 0.03). In general, TEU and SBU yielded higher µTBS, DC, NH, and YM and lower NL than PBE. CONCLUSION: Cross-linking agents improved the results and maintained the resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Cross-linking agents are a viable alternative for improving and maintaining resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Colágeno , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Água
10.
Am J Dent ; 32(5): 235-239, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675191

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of whitening mouthrinses on sorption (SP) and solubility (SL), percentage of microhardness change (%M), loss of surface (LS), and color change (ΔE) in bulk-fill composites when compared with conventional composites. METHODS: Three bulk-fill composites, Surefil SDR (SF), Filtek Bulk-Fill (BF), and Filtek Bulk-Fill Flow (BFF), and one conventional resin, Filtek Z350 (FZ), were selected. Eighteen samples of each composite were subdivided into three groups based on the type of treatment: Listerine Whitening mouthrinse (LW), Colgate Plax Whitening mouthrinse (CP), and distilled water (DW; control). The samples were prepared according to ISO 4049:2009. Color, roughness, and microhardness were evaluated before and after treatment, while SP and SL values were measured after treatment. The surface morphology of the specimen was examined using scanning electron microscopy. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. RESULTS: FZ presented significantly lower ΔE when immersed in DW. Additionally, LS was lowest in FZ when compared with the other resins. SF and BFF demonstrated high %M. SL was significantly higher in SF, whereas SP was lowest in BFF after CP treatment. No significant alterations in surface morphology were noted in the BF composites. The BF composites showed a decrease in their properties after immersion in the two types of mouthrinses or in DW, without alterations in the surface morphology. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Flowable bulk-fill composites showed the greatest changes in their properties when exposed to different mouthrinses or water. Thus, they should be used with caution in areas that will stay exposed to the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais , Solubilidade
11.
J Dent ; 90: 103219, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the addition of copper nanoparticles (CuNp) on the clinical performance of a universal adhesive system used as etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE). METHODS: 216 restorations were randomly placed in 36 subjects according to the following groups: ERcu = etch-and-rinse with 0.1% CuNp; ERct = etch-and-rinse without CuNp; SEcu = self-etch with 0.1% CuNp; SEct = self-etch without CuNp. Resin composite was placed incrementally and light-cured. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and 6, 12 and 18 months using the FDI and USPHS criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using appropriate tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of CuNp did not increase the clinical performance (FDI / USPHS) of the universal adhesive tested after 18-month when applied in the ER mode (p > 0.05). The addition of CuNp in SE restorations increased the retention rate significantly and decreased the marginal discrepancies after 18 months (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The clinical performance of universal adhesive was significantly increased when applied in the SE mode with the addition of copper nanoparticles. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates a slight improvement in the clinical performance of universal adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions when added CuNp in lower concentration.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Colagem Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Colo do Dente/patologia , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos
12.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(2): 149-158, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949628

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two phosphoric acids containing protease inactivators (chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin) on the resin/eroded-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL), and in situ degree of conversion (DC) of three universal adhesives applied in the etch-and-rinse mode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six molars were randomly assigned to 18 experimental conditions according to the combination of the independent variables: eroded dentin (soft drink and citric acid), adhesive (Prime&Bond Elect [PBE, Dentsply Sirona], Scotchbond Universal Adhesive [SBU, 3M Oral Care], and Tetric N-Bond Universal [TEU, Ivoclar Vivadent]), and acid pretreatment (conventional phosphoric acid [CP acid]; chlorhexidine acid [CHX acid]; and proanthocyanidin acid [PA acid]). After restorations, specimens were sectioned into resin-dentin sticks (ca 0.8 mm2) that were then tested under tension (crosshead speed: 0.5 mm/min). Selected sticks from each tooth were used to evaluate NL and DC. Data from all tests were subjected to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Dentin eroded with citric acid showed a significant reduction in µTBS for each adhesive in comparison to dentin eroded with the soft drink (p < 0.001). For dentin eroded with CHX acid and PA acid, the µTBS (p > 0.03) significantly improved and NL decreased for all adhesives (p < 0.004); in addition, the DC improved for two of the three adhesives tested (SBU and TEU) (p < 0.03) when CHX acid and PA acid were compared to CP acid. CONCLUSION: The addition of chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin to phosphoric acid improved the adhesive performance when compared with conventional phosphoric acid, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization at the resin/eroded-dentin interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Infiltração Dentária , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 92: 197-205, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769251

RESUMO

This study aimed at evaluating the use of biological dentin post (BDP), achieved by milling bovine root, through the analyses of mechanical and optical properties. BDPs were compared to a glass fiber post (GFP) in the following tests (n = 10): a) elastic modulus (E) and flexural resistance (σ) by three point bending test; b) fracture resistance (FR) by compressive load at 45° and failure pattern; c) light transmitting (LT) ability and their influence on the resin cement's degree of conversion (DC%); d) bond strength (BS) by push-out test and failure pattern. Bovine teeth were decoronated and root length was standardized at 14 mm. The canals were prepared and irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl. GFP's surface was conditioned by 1 min immersion in 24% H2O2 solution before silanization. After root embedment, the root canal walls and the BDP's surface were hybridized (H3PO4 37% + self-cured adhesive) for FR and DC% analyses. Posts were fixed into the root canals using a conventional dual resin cement. For BS test, both posts were luted using the conventional and the self-adhesive cementation. A universal testing machine (EMIC DL2000; 1 mm/min) was employed for the mechanical tests (E, σ, FR and BS). For the LT analysis, opaque polyethylene discs were transfixed by the posts, leaving 10 mm of the posts' apical section for measurements. Posts' cervical portion was irradiated (800 mW/cm2) and a spectrometer recorded the number of photons transmitted to previously chosen lateral post regions and at the apical tip. The resin cement DC% was evaluated in several sites of the cement film. After normal distribution were checked (Shapiro-Wilk test), data were submitted to ANOVA (5%) and Scheffe post-hoc test (5%). Results showed that: a) E: BDP > GFP; b) σ: BDP < GFP; c) RF: BDP < GFP; d) LT could not be observed for BDP. For GFPs, the greatest number of photons was observed at the post apical tip. An exponential decay was observed from the cervical to the apical post region; e) resin cement DC% was statistically similar at all points of measurements for both posts; and, f) BS: BDP = GFP, regardless the adhesive protocol used. It was concluded that: a) teeth restored with BDP exhibited lower fracture resistance than those restored with GFP; b) resin cement DC% was not influenced by the light transmitting ability of the post; c) the retention provided by the BDP was similar to the one provided by GFP, independently of the luting protocol.


Assuntos
Dentina , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Bovinos , Fenômenos Ópticos , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 91: 398-405, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669058

RESUMO

Hydrolytic and enzymatic degradation by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) reduces the durability of composite resin restorations on caries-affected dentin (CAD). The use of MMP inhibitors such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) could increase the longevity of the bond to dentin. This study aimed to evaluate the use of EGCG at different aqueous concentrations on the resin-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), fracture pattern and nanoleakage (NL) in immediate (IM) time interval and after 12-months of water storage (1Y) when using a two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system on CAD. Dentin surfaces of 40 human molars were submitted to a microbiological caries induction protocol and randomized into 5 groups (n = 8) (0.02% EGCG; 0.2% EGCG; 0.5% EGCG; 2% Chlorhexidine [CHX] and no treatment as Control Group - [NT]). After acid etching, the solutions were applied for 60 s followed by application of dental adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2, 3 M ESPE) to CAD surfaces. Subsequently, a resin composite (4 mm) block was built on the dentin. After 24 h, the teeth were sectioned into beam-shaped specimens (cross-sectional area of 1 mm2 and 8-mm high). Half of the specimens were tested in IM and the other half after 1Y. Two samples per tooth were submitted to SEM for NL evaluation. Data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). The results showed that use of EGCG and CHX did not affect µTBS in IM (p > 0.05). After 1Y, there was a reduction in µTBS for all experimental groups (p < 0.05). Adhesive fractures predominated in IM in all groups, except for 0.05% EGCG and NT. After 1Y, there was an increase in these adhesive fractures in all groups. For NL, all agents applied reduced NL in comparison with CT (p < 0.001). CHX showed lower NL (p < 0.001), followed by 0.02% and 0.5% EGCG. NT showed highest NL for both time intervals (p < 0.001). Thus, although the use of EGCG at different concentrations and CHX reduced the NL, they were unable to reduce degradation of µTBS to CAD over time.


Assuntos
Catequina/análogos & derivados , Colagem Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Dentina/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesividade/efeitos dos fármacos , Catequina/química , Catequina/farmacologia , Humanos , Soluções , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 383-392, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31908538

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this single-blind (evaluators) and parallel design study was to evaluate whether exposure to a cola-based soft drink during bleaching treatment with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) affects color change and bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity. Material and methods: Forty-four patients with central incisors darker than A2 were selected. Participants who did not drink cola-based soft drinks were assigned to the control group (CG), while participants who drank a cola-based soft drink at least twice a day were assigned to the experimental group (EG). For the CG, foods with staining dyes were restricted. For the EG, there was no restriction on food and patients were asked to rinse their mouths with a cola-based soft drink for 30 s, 4 times daily. For both groups, 2 sessions with three 15 min applications of 35% HP were performed. Shade evaluation was assessed via subjective (VITA classical and VITA bleacheguide shade guides) and objective methods (Easyshade spectrophotometer) at baseline, during bleaching (first, second, and third weeks), and post bleaching (1 week and 1 month). Patients recorded their sensitivity perceptions using a numerical rating scale and 0-10 visual analog scales. Variation in shade guide units and the 2 colors (DE) were evaluated with a Student's t-test (α = 0.05) and Mann-Whitney test (α = 0.05). Absolute risk of tooth sensitivity and intensity of tooth sensitivity were evaluated by a Chi-square test (α=0.05). Results: Effective bleaching was observed for both groups after 30 days, without statistical difference (p > 0.08). There was no significant difference in absolute risk of bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity between the 2 groups (p = 0.74). Higher and significant scores in pain scales were detected for the EG in comparison to the CG (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Even that the cola-based soft drink exposure during in-office bleaching treatments did not affect the bleaching's effectiveness; patients reported a higher intensity in bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity.

16.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(5): 397-403, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the immediate and 12-month microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of two self-etch adhesives on sclerotic dentin with or without previous EDTA conditioning. The conditioning pattern and the relative area of open dentinal tubules were also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight bovine incisors with naturally exposed sclerotic dentin were used. For µTBS testing, 20 teeth were divided into 4 groups (n = 5) according to the combination of the main factors: 1. adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond [CSE, Kuraray] and Adper SE Plus [ADSE, 3M Oral Care]); 2. surface treatment (previous conditioning with EDTA and previous conditioning with distilled water [DW]). The sclerotic surfaces were conditioned with either 17% EDTA or DW for 2 min prior to adhesive application. Composite buildups were constructed. Specimens were sectioned to obtain composite-dentin sticks (0.8 mm2) to be tested immediately or after 12 months (distilled water at 37°C) in tensile mode (0.5 mm/min). The conditioning pattern and the relative area of open dentinal tubules (OT) were evaluated in the remaining eight teeth. After adhesive application, the surfaces were rinsed off with acetone and ethanol. Then the surface was evaluated by SEM with image software. Data from µTBS and OT were submitted to three-way repeated measures ANOVA and data from OT were submitted to one-way repeated measures ANOVA. After, for both tests, Tukey's post-hoc test was applied (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For both adhesives, EDTA resulted in the highest mean immediate µTBS (p = 0.002), which remained stable after 12 months of water storage (p < 0.38). CSE showed higher µTBS when compared to ADSE (p = 0.001). Degradation of the mean µTBS was observed for both adhesives only in the DW groups. Adhesive application plus with EDTA conditioning increased the OT area in comparison with only adhesive application (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: EDTA conditioning increased the immediate microtensile bond strength in sclerotic dentin substrate and prevented degradation when associated with a self-etch adhesive.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários/química , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Animais , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Dentina/patologia , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
17.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(2): 121-132, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675512

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and nanoleakage (NL) of several universal adhesives to eroded dentin (ED), using etch-and-rinse (ER) or self-etch (SE) strategies, and to characterize the surface using two pH cycling models to erode dentin (citric acid and a soft drink). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molars were eroded either by soft-drink or citric acid cycling, or were left untreated as control (SD). For each surface, the following adhesives were applied: 1. All-Bond Universal; 2. Ambar Universal; 3. Clearfil Universal; 4. Futurabond U; 5. One Coat 7 Universal; 6. Peak Universal Bond; 7. Prime&Bond Elect; 8. Scotchbond Universal; 9. Tetric n-bond Universal, and 10. Xeno Select. After application of the composite, specimens were sectioned into composite-dentin sticks and tested under tension (0.5 mm/min). Selected sticks from each tooth were used to assess NL. The occlusal dentin surfaces after erosive cycling were examined using SEM. Data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test (a = 0.05). RESULTS: In ED, there was no difference in µTBS and NL between ER and SE strategies (p > 0.61). Most µTBS and NL values obtained for ED were, respectively, lower and higher than those for SD (p < 0.01), being worse for citric acid ED (p < 0.001). Citric-acid-eroded dentin showed more enlarged tubules, with partial loss of peritubular dentin when compared to soft-drink eroded dentin. CONCLUSION: The different pH cycling models reduced µTBS and increased NL of the composite/eroded-dentin interface; however, in ED, the performance of the universal adhesives did not depend on the adhesive strategy used.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos Dentários , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
18.
J Adhes Dent ; 20(1): 57-64, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457156

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of Ca(OH)2 concentration on pH neutralization, degree of conversion (DC%), and bonding performance of experimental self-etch adhesives (SEAs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different concentrations of Ca(OH)2 (0 wt%, 1 wt%, 2 wt%, and 4 wt%) were added to the bond of an experimental two-step SEA consisting of primer (10-MDP [30 wt%], TEG-DMA [30 wt%], ethanol [35 wt%], water [5 wt%], camphorquinone [0.5 wt%], and tertiary amine [0.5 wt%]) and bond (bis-GMA [50 wt%], TEG-DMA [30 wt%], HEMA [20 wt%], camphorquinone [0.5 wt%], and tertiary amine [0.5 wt%]) to form four groups: E0, E1, E2 and E4. pH neutralization was evaluated until it reached equilibrium, and DC% within the hybrid layer was analyzed by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Human molars were wet ground until the occlusal dentin was exposed, SEAs were applied, and composite buildups were constructed. After storage in distilled water at 37°C for 24 h, the teeth were cut into composite-dentin beams. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was evaluated after 24 h of water storage at 37°C. Nanoleakage was evaluated by SEM. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test (a = 0.05). RESULTS: All the SEAs reached pH equilibrium after thirteen days, with E1 and E4 presenting the highest pH (p < 0.05). E0 and E1 presented lower DC% than did E2 and E4 (p < 0.05). All the SEAs showed statistically similar mTBS and nanoleakage (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The incorporation of Ca(OH)2 endowed the SEAs with pH-neutralization ability and improved their DC%, without interfering with the bond strength to dentin or nanoleakage extent.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Hidróxido de Cálcio , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Água
19.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 64(1): 93-98, Jan/Fev/Mar 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-969213

RESUMO

Introdução: Bisfosfonatos são fármacos utilizados para o tratamento de enfermidades ósseas, como a osteoporose e metástases ósseas, em razão do seu mecanismo de ação, que consiste na diminuição do processo de reabsorção do osso. Outros estudos verificaram que bisfosfonatos de alta potência, como o zoledronato, poderiam auxiliar no tratamento de outras enfermidades malignas por causa da promoção de um efeito antiproliferativo. Objetivo: Este estudo in vitro objetivou avaliar a atividade antiproliferativa de zoledronato em diferentes linhagens de células tumorais. Método: Nove linhagens humanas (U251; MCF7; NCI/ADR-RES; 786-0; NCI-H460; PC-3; OVCAR-3; HT29; K-562 e HaCaT) foram submetidas ao tratamento com as concentrações de 0,12; 1,2; 12 e 120 µM de zoledronato e tiveram sua atividade proliferativa avaliada após 48 horas, utilizando-se o corante sulforrodamina B. Resultados: Verificou-se que as concentrações de 12 µM e 120 µM de zoledronato foram eficazes para a redução em 50% e 100%, respectivamente, da proliferação das células 786-0 (carcinoma renal). A maior concentração de zoledronato (120 µM) promoveu um efeito citostático (redução da proliferação celular em 50%) para as células HaCaT (queratinócito humano não tumoral), HT-29 (carcinoma de cólon), NCI-ADR/ RES (adenocarcinoma de ovário com fenótipo de multirresistência) e NCI-H460 (carcinoma pulmonar). Conclusão: Esses resultados sugerem um promissor efeito auxiliar do zoledronato para o tratamento de alguns tipos de tumores; estudos complementares in vitro e in vivo são necessários para a validação dessa hipótese.


Introduction: Bisphosphonates are used in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis and bone metastases, because of their ability to inhibit bone resorption. There is evidence that high-potency bisphosphonates, such as zoledronate, are useful in the treatment of other malignancies because they have an antiproliferative effect. Objective:To evaluate the antiproliferative activity of zoledronate in different tumor cell lines. Method: This was an in vitro study in which nine human cell lines (U251, MCF7, NCI/ ADR-RES, 786-0, NCI-H460, PC-3, OVCAR-3, HT29, K-562, and HaCaT) were treated with of 0.12, 1.2, 12, and 120 µM of zoledronate, their proliferative activity being evaluated 48 h later with sulforhodamine B assay. Results: At the 12 µM and 120 µM doses, zoledronate effectively reduced the proliferation of 786-0 (renal carcinoma) cells by 50% and 100%, respectively. At the highest concentration (120 µM), zoledronate had a cytostatic effect (50% reduction in cell proliferation) on HaCaT (non-tumor human keratinocyte), HT-29 (colon carcinoma), NCI-ADR/ RES (multidrug-resistant ovarian adenocarcinoma), and NCI-H460 (lung carcinoma) cells. Conclusion: These results suggest a promising auxiliary effect of zoledronate for the treatment of some tumors. Further in vitro and in vivo studies are needed in order to test that hypothesis.


Introducción: Los bisfosfonatos son fármacos utilizados para el tratamiento de enfermedades óseas, como la osteoporosis y metástasis óseas debido a su mecanismo de acción, que consiste en la disminución del proceso de reabsorción del hueso. Otros estudios observaron que los bisfosfonatos de alta potencia, como el zoledronato, podrían ayudar en el tratamiento de otras enfermedades malignas debido a la promoción de un efecto antiproliferativo. Objetivo: Este estudio in vitro objetivó evaluar la actividad antiproliferativa de zoledronato en diferentes linajes de células tumorales. Método: Los nueve humano linajes (U251, MCF7, NCI / ADR-RES, 786-0, NCI-H460, PC-3, OVCAR-3, HT29, K-562 and HaCaT) se sometieron al tratamiento con las concentraciones de 0,12; 1,2; 12 y 120 µM de zoledronato y tuvieron su actividad proliferativa evaluada después de 48 horas utilizando el colorante sulforrodamina B. Resultados: Se comprobó que las concentraciones de 12 µM y 120 µM de zoledronato fueron efectivas para reducir en un 50% y un 100%, respectivamente, de la proliferación de las células 786-0 (carcinoma renal). La mayor concentración de zoledronato (120 µM) promovió un efecto citostático (reducción de la proliferación celular en un 50%) para las células HaCaT (queratinocito humano no tumoral), HT-29 (carcinoma de colon), NCI-ADR/RES (adenocarcinoma de ovário con fenótipo de multirresistencia) y NCI-H460 (carcinoma pulmonar). Conclusión: Estos resultados sugieren un prometedor efecto auxiliar del zoledronato para el tratamiento de algunos tumores; se requieren más estudios in vitro e in vivo para validar esta hipótesis


Assuntos
Humanos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Difosfonatos , Técnicas In Vitro , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
J Dent ; 68: 91-97, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29169968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized double-blind clinical trial compared tooth sensitivity (TS), bleaching efficacy, and cytokine levels after applying in-office bleaching treatments containing 15% and 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP15% and HP35%, respectively). METHODS: Twenty-five volunteers were randomly assigned to receive HP15% or HP35% treatment. The bleaching agent was applied in three 15-min applications per session. Two bleaching sessions were separated by a 1-week interval. The participants scored TS using a visual analog scale and numerical rating scale. Bleaching efficacy was determined by subjective and objective methods. Gingival crevicular fluid was collected from three jaws sites per patient for the analysis of fluid volume. Flow cytometry was used to analyze gingival crevicular fluid levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor, and interferon-gamma. All measurements were obtained before and after bleaching. All data were statistically analyzed (α=0.05). RESULTS: The absolute risk and intensity of TS was higher for HP35% than for HP15% (p>0.002). One month post-bleaching, HP35% produced more bleaching than HP15% (p=0.02). However patient perception (p=0.06) and patient satisfaction (p=0.53) with regard to bleaching were not significantly different. No significant differences existed in the gingival fluid volume (p>0.38) or in any cytokine level (p>0.05) for either HP concentration. CONCLUSION: Treatment: with HP35% is more effective than HP15%, but generates a greater risk and intensity of TS. No inflammatory changes occurred despite the difference in the HP concentrations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Hydrogen peroxide at a lower concentration (e.g., 15%) should be considered a good treatment alternative for in-office bleaching because the higher concentration for in-office bleaching generates a greater risk and intensity of TS for patients.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Citocinas/análise , Método Duplo-Cego , Gengiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Luz/efeitos adversos , Satisfação do Paciente , Clareadores Dentários/administração & dosagem , Descoloração de Dente/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica , Voluntários , Adulto Jovem
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