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Int J Gen Med ; 15: 6475-6483, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966509


Background: Mature bone marrow T lymphocytes and NK may have a special relevance in the control of the malignant growth. Objective: We aimed to assess the percentage of the residual BM T-cells, (T-helper -T-cytotoxic- NKT) and the NK cells of childhood precursor B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) as an indicator of innate and adaptive immunity in these patients. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 40 B-ALL patients, and 40 apparently healthy matched children served as a control group. The flow cytometry was used to assess the percentage of the residual BM T-cells (T-helper, T-cytotoxic and NKT), and the NK cells. Results: Compared with the control group, the percentage of the residual BM T-cells, its subtypes (T-helper, T-cytotoxic), and NKT cells in addition to the NK cells was significantly decreased in Group IA, and Group IB, but there was no significant difference between Group IA and Group IB in all studied parameters. In terms of the CD4/CD8 ratio, there was a significant increase in Group IA as compared to the control group (P < 0.026), but there were no significant statistical differences in CD4/CD8 ratio between Groups IB, and the control. Likewise, in CD4/CD8 ratio between groups IA, and Groups IB (P > 0.05). The percentage of NK, and NKT cells shows a significant increase in Hepatomegaly and Splenomegaly, as compared to non-Hepatomegaly and non-Splenomegaly patients of Groups IB (P < 0.05). However, there was a significant increase in statistical differences in the percentage of NKT cell between non-Splenomegaly, as compared to Splenomegaly patients of Group IA (P < 0.05). Additionally, there is a negative correlation between B.M Blast% to CD4/CD8 ratio and NK%, but there is no significant correlation between B.M Blast% to NK T% in the group 1 A.

Int J Gen Med ; 12: 343-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571973


Background: Altered regulation of the complement system is associated with multiple kidney diseases. CD35, CD55 and CD59 regulate the complement system, and changes in their expression have previously been linked with kidney disease. This study assessed whether changes in the expression levels of these proteins are associated specifically with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to understand its pathogenesis. Materials and methods: Sixty CKD patients and 60 age-matched controls were enrolled and divided into two groups: Group I (n=30 pediatric patients and n=30 controls) and Group II (n=30 adult patients and n=30 controls). The expression of CD35, CD55 and CD59 on peripheral blood cells was evaluated by flow cytometry as the proportion of positive cells expressing the marker and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), also the relation of these markers to the stage of CKD was also evaluated. Results: Pediatric and adult CKD patients had significantly lower proportion of erythrocytes expressing CD35, CD55 and CD59 than healthy controls (P<0.001). In pediatric CKD patients, there was no significant difference in the three studied markers on neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes. The changes in expression of CD35, CD55 and CD59 on leukocytes were more pronounced in adult patients, who had lower proportion of CD59-positive neutrophils, CD35- and CD59-positive lymphocytes, and CD59-positive monocytes, as well as lower expression of CD59 on neutrophils and monocytes than adult controls (P<0.001, P=0.019, P<0.001, P=0.026, P<0.001 and P=0.003, respectively). The eGFR directly correlated with the proportion of positivity of some of those markers on peripheral leukocytes while there was inverse correlation between the disease stage and the same markers. Conclusion: There are alterations in the patterns of expression of complement regulatory proteins CD35, CD55 and CD59 on peripheral blood cells of patients with CKD compared with healthy controls.