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1.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; : 846537119888390, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063009

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the frequency, appropriateness, and radiation doses associated with multiphase computed tomography (CT) protocols for routine chest and abdomen-pelvis examinations in 18 countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency, multi-institutional data on clinical indications, number of scan phases, scan parameters, and radiation dose descriptors (CT dose-index volume; dose-length product [DLP]) were collected for routine chest (n = 1706 patients) and abdomen-pelvis (n = 426 patients) CT from 18 institutions in Asia, Africa, and Europe. Two radiologists scored the need for each phase based on clinical indications (1 = not indicated, 2 = probably indicated, 3 = indicated). We surveyed 11 institutions for their practice regarding single-phase and multiphase CT examinations. Data were analyzed with the Student t test. RESULTS: Most institutions use multiphase protocols for routine chest (10/18 institutions) and routine abdomen-pelvis (10/11 institutions that supplied data for abdomen-pelvis) CT examinations. Most institutions (10/11) do not modify scan parameters between different scan phases. Respective total DLP for 1-, 2-, and 3-phase routine chest CT was 272, 518, and 820 mGy·cm, respectively. Corresponding values for 1- to 5-phase routine abdomen-pelvis CT were 400, 726, 1218, 1214, and 1458 mGy cm, respectively. For multiphase CT protocols, there were no differences in scan parameters and radiation doses between different phases for either chest or abdomen-pelvis CT (P = 0.40-0.99). Multiphase CT examinations were unnecessary in 100% of routine chest CT and in 63% of routine abdomen-pelvis CT examinations. CONCLUSIONS: Multiphase scan protocols for the routine chest and abdomen-pelvis CT examinations are unnecessary, and their use increases radiation dose.

2.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020524

RESUMO

The chronicity of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is reported to be associated with various psychological disorders. The current study aimed to evaluate the levels of serum ammonia and various neurometals (zinc, copper, and magnesium) in patients with T1DM with and without ADHD and to correlate their levels with glycaemic status. A prospective case-control study was conducted with 60 diabetic children with T1DM (allocated into a group of 20 patients with a diagnosis of ADHD and a group of 40 patients without ADHD) who were comparable to 60 matched controls. Assays of glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), ammonia, zinc, copper, and magnesium were performed. Overall, ammonia and copper levels were significantly higher in the diabetic patients especially those with ADHD than in the control group (p Ë‚ 0.05 for all). The calculated copper/zinc ratio was significantly higher in the diabetic patient group than in the control group and higher in diabetic children with ADHD than in diabetic children without ADHD (p Ë‚ 0.05 for all). Diabetic children had significantly lower magnesium levels than the controls (p Ë‚ 0.05), but no significant difference between the diabetic subgroups was detected. A positive correlation between glycaemic control (HbA1c %) and ammonia level was found in the diabetic group and subgroups, and a positive correlation was found between HbA1c % and the Cu/Zn ratio in diabetic children with ADHD (p Ë‚ 0.05 for all). The current study confirms an association of elevated ammonia and copper/zinc ratio with poor glycaemic control and ADHD development among children with T1DM.

4.
Braz J Microbiol ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840214

RESUMO

This study was conducted to characterize the immunological parameters of chickens vaccinated with two formulated inactivated vaccines, water in oil (WO) and water in oil in water (WOW), prepared from velogenic Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) genotype VIIj isolated from outbreak among vaccinated chickens. Six groups (G1-G6) of commercial broiler chickens were established (n = 20). The G1-G3 were received homologous (WO and WOW) and heterologous (LaSota) inactivated vaccines, respectively. The G4 was vaccinated with live heterologous (LaSota) vaccine, while G5 and G6 were kept as control positive and control negative non-vaccinated groups. The antibody titers were measured against vNDV and LaSota antigens using hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test, the cytokine gene expressions of IFNγ, IL1ß, IL4, IL6, IL8, and IL18 were quantified using real-time RT-PCR, and the virus shedding was titrated on chicken embryo fibroblast cells after challenging by vNDV. The classical clinical signs and 100% mortality were observed only in G5 after vNDV challenging. The highest HI titers were detected in G1, G2, and G3 using NDV/168 antigen with no significant differences among them. These groups showed higher HI titer than G4 (2-4log2). Cytokine gene expression of IFNγ, IL1, IL6, IL8, and IL18 were significantly downregulated in vaccinated chickens with upregulation of IL4 than non-vaccinated challenge group. Viral shedding titers were significantly (0.0001, p ≤ 0.001) reduced in all samples form vaccinated chickens. In conclusion, the prepared vaccines produced highly efficient immunological responses and could be used for controlling the NDV infection.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3947245, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886207

RESUMO

Zika flavivirus is suspected to cause Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults and microcephaly, along with other congenital abnormalities in infants. Presently, no vaccines or therapeutics are available. Here, we report novel compounds identified by high-throughput virtual screening of Maybridge chemical database and molecular docking studies. We selected viral enzyme NS2B/NS3 serine protease as the therapeutic target because of its important role in viral replication. We selected seven potential compounds as antiviral drug candidates because of their high GOLD fitness score, high AutoDock Vina score, or X-Score binding energy and analyzed the strength of molecular interactions between the active site amino acids and selected compounds. Our study also provides a foundation for similar studies for the search of novel therapeutics against Zika virus.

6.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757836

RESUMO

We recently developed a novel computational algorithm that incorporates Bayesian methodology to identify rhabdomyosarcoma disease genes whose expression level correlates with copy-number variations, and we identified PLAG1 as a candidate oncogenic driver. Although PLAG1 has been shown to contribute to other type of cancers, its role in rhabdomyosarcoma has not been elucidated. We observed that PLAG1 mRNA is highly expressed in rhabdomyosarcoma and is associated with PLAG1 gene copy-number gain. Knockdown of PLAG1 dramatically decreased cell accumulation and induced apoptosis in rhabdomyosarcoma cells, whereas its ectopic expression increased cell accumulation in vitro and as a xenograft and promoted G1 to S-phase cell-cycle progression. We found that PLAG1 regulates IGF2 expression and influences AKT and MAPK pathways in rhabdomyosarcoma, and IGF2 partially rescues cell death triggered by PLAG1 knockdown. The expression level of PLAG1 correlated with the IC50 of rhabdomyosarcoma cells to BMS754807, an IGF receptor inhibitor. IMPLICATIONS: Our data demonstrate that PLAG1 contributes to proliferation and survival of rhabdomyosarcoma cells at least partially by inducing IGF2, and this new understanding may have the potential for clinical translation.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645346

RESUMO

Infantile myofibromatosis (IM) is an aggressive neoplasm composed of myofibroblast-like cells in children. Although typically localized, it can also present as multifocal disease, which represents a challenge for effective treatment. IM has previously been linked to activating somatic and germline point mutations in the PDGFRß tyrosine kinase encoded by the PDGFRB gene. Clinical panel-based targeted tumor sequencing of a tumor from a newborn with multifocal IM revealed a novel PDGFRB rearrangement, which was reported as being of unclear significance. Additional sequencing of cDNA from tumor and germline DNA confirmed a complex somatic/mosaic PDGFRB rearrangement with an apparent partial tandem duplication disrupting the juxtamembrane domain. Ectopic expression of cDNA encoding the mutant form of PDGFRB markedly enhanced cell proliferation of mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) compared to wild-type PDGFRB and conferred tumor-forming capacity on nontumorigenic 10T1/2 fibroblasts. The mutated protein enhanced MAPK activation and retained sensitivity to the PDGFRß inhibitor imatinib. Our findings reveal a new mechanism by which PDGFRB can be activated in IM, suggest that therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors including imatinib may be beneficial, and raise the possibility that this receptor tyrosine kinase might be altered in a similar fashion in additional cases that would similarly present annotation challenges in clinical DNA sequencing analysis pipelines.

8.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 19(1): 190, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypothermia and shivering are common complications after spinal anaesthesia, especially after uroscopic procedures in which large amounts of cold intraluminal irrigation fluids are used. Magnesium sulfate and dexmedetomidine are the most effective adjuvants with the least side effects. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of intrathecal dexmedetomidine versus intrathecal magnesium sulfate on the prevention of post-spinal anaesthesia shivering. METHODS: This prospective randomized, double-blinded controlled study included 105 patients who were scheduled for uroscopic surgery at the Kasr El-Aini Hospital. The patients were randomly allocated into three groups. Group C (n = 35) received 2.5 ml of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% (12.5 mg) + 0.5 ml of normal saline, Group M (n = 35) received 2.5 ml of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% (12.5 mg) + 25 mg of magnesium sulfate in 0.5 ml saline, and Group D (n = 35) received 2.5 ml of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% (12.5 mg) + 5 µg of dexmedetomidine in 0.5 ml saline. The primary outcomes were the incidence and intensity of shivering. The secondary outcomes were the incidence of hypothermia, sedation, the use of meperidine to control shivering and complications. RESULTS: Group C had significantly higher proportions of patients who developed shivering (21), developed grade IV shivering (20) and required meperidine (21) to treat shivering than group M (8,5,5) and group D (5,3,6), which were comparable to each other. The time between block administration and meperidine administration was similar among the three groups. Hypothermia did not occur in any of the patients. The three groups were comparable regarding the occurrence of nausea, vomiting, bradycardia and hypotension. All the patients in group C, 32 patients in group M and 33 patients in group D had a sedation score of 2. Three patients in group M and 2 patients in group D had a sedation score of 3. CONCLUSIONS: Intrathecal injections of both dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulfate were effective in reducing the incidence of post-spinal anaesthesia shivering. Therefore, we encourage the use of magnesium sulfate, as it is more physiologically available, more readily available in most operating theatres and much less expensive than dexmedetomidine. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration ID: Pan African Clinical Trial Registry (PACTR) Trial Number PACTR201801003001727 ; January 2018, "retrospectively registered".

9.
J Emerg Med ; 57(4): e117-e118, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594746
10.
Dent Med Probl ; 56(3): 223-230, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who are partially dentate or edentulous can receive both conventional and implantsupported fixed prostheses, which leads to improvement in function, esthetics and self-esteem. Currently, implant dentistry is one of the fastest-growing disciplines in dentistry. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the education and training of dentists practicing implant therapy in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia, including their preferred dental implant systems, the clinical complications experienced as well as the barriers to implant therapy they encounter. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among dentists in Riyadh performing dental implants in both the state and private sectors. The questionnaire included demographic data, such as nationality, the practitioner's affiliated specialist category and their respective qualifications. Other data included their main sources of education pertaining to implant dentistry, the most commonly used implant systems, common clinical complications, and barriers to implant therapy. A descriptive statistical analysis of the data was carried out. RESULTS: A significant majority of non-Saudi dental practitioners were employed in the private sector (p = 0.001), whereas a significant majority of Saudi dental practitioners were employed in the state sector (p = 0.001). The largest group of practitioners performing implants were general dentists (48.1%). The 3iTM implant system was the most widely utilized (35.4%). Failed osseointegration (12.6%) and peri-implantitis (12%) were the most common clinical complications. The biggest barrier to placing implants was the cost of implants to patients (59.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Fundamental to implant practice is the clinical practitioner and patient selection. The utilization of implant systems should preferably be based on the chemical properties of implant surfaces which promote early osseointegration. Comparative studies investigating the reasons for failed osseointegration and other clinical complications are needed locally and internationally. Further research, together with advanced clinical specialist training, can lead to improvement in the quality of implant therapy for the benefit of patients.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Estética Dentária , Odontologia , Humanos , Osseointegração , Arábia Saudita
11.
Int J Gen Med ; 12: 343-351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571973

RESUMO

Background: Altered regulation of the complement system is associated with multiple kidney diseases. CD35, CD55 and CD59 regulate the complement system, and changes in their expression have previously been linked with kidney disease. This study assessed whether changes in the expression levels of these proteins are associated specifically with chronic kidney disease (CKD) to understand its pathogenesis. Materials and methods: Sixty CKD patients and 60 age-matched controls were enrolled and divided into two groups: Group I (n=30 pediatric patients and n=30 controls) and Group II (n=30 adult patients and n=30 controls). The expression of CD35, CD55 and CD59 on peripheral blood cells was evaluated by flow cytometry as the proportion of positive cells expressing the marker and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), also the relation of these markers to the stage of CKD was also evaluated. Results: Pediatric and adult CKD patients had significantly lower proportion of erythrocytes expressing CD35, CD55 and CD59 than healthy controls (P<0.001). In pediatric CKD patients, there was no significant difference in the three studied markers on neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes. The changes in expression of CD35, CD55 and CD59 on leukocytes were more pronounced in adult patients, who had lower proportion of CD59-positive neutrophils, CD35- and CD59-positive lymphocytes, and CD59-positive monocytes, as well as lower expression of CD59 on neutrophils and monocytes than adult controls (P<0.001, P=0.019, P<0.001, P=0.026, P<0.001 and P=0.003, respectively). The eGFR directly correlated with the proportion of positivity of some of those markers on peripheral leukocytes while there was inverse correlation between the disease stage and the same markers. Conclusion: There are alterations in the patterns of expression of complement regulatory proteins CD35, CD55 and CD59 on peripheral blood cells of patients with CKD compared with healthy controls.

12.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-6, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526228

RESUMO

Background: Vaccination of primary healthcare workers (PHCWs) help to prevent the spread of influenza among at-risk patients. Objectives: To assesses seasonal influenza vaccination (SIV) coverage and the factors affecting SIV's utilization among PHCWs in Abha city, southwestern Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between June 2018 and August 2018 in all primary healthcare centers in Abha city. It targeted physicians, nurses, technicians, and pharmacists. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data regarding SIV status during the 2017-2018 season, obtain knowledge regarding SIV and influenza disease, and identify potential motivators for and barriers to SIV. Results: Of 312 PHCWs, the SIV coverage rate was 45.5% in the 2017-2018 vaccination season. A multivariable logistic regression model showed that the risk groups for non-vaccination were PHCWs less than 40 years old (adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) = 4.07, 95% CI: 1.50-11.03), technicians (aOR = 3.73, 95% CI: 1.20-11.54), single PHCWs (aOR = 2.36, 95% CI:1.20-4.62), and PHCWs lacking adequate influenza vaccine knowledge (aOR = 4.22, 95% CI: 2.13-8.35). Approximately 23% and 32% of PHCWs were found to have inadequate knowledge about SIV and influenza disease, respectively. PHCWs' awareness about their risk of infection and their need for protection was found to be the most common motivator (77.5%), and a fear of side effects was found to be the most frequent barrier (40%). Conclusion: SIV coverage rate is suboptimal. Knowledge gaps and misconceptions about the influenza vaccine are the main barriers to an adequate coverage.

13.
Anal Cell Pathol (Amst) ; 2019: 1598182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482051

RESUMO

Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common and recurrent type of primary adult liver cancer without any effective therapy. Plant-derived compounds acting as anticancer agents can induce apoptosis by targeting several signaling pathways. Strigolactone (SL) is a novel class of phytohormone, whose analogues have been reported to possess anticancer properties on a panel of human cancer cell lines through inducing cell cycle arrest, destabilizing microtubular integrity, reducing damaged in the DNA repair machinery, and inducing apoptosis. In our previous study, we reported that a novel SL analogue, TIT3, reduces HepG2 cell proliferation, inhibits cell migration, and induces apoptosis. To decipher the mechanisms of TIT3-induced anticancer activity in HepG2, we performed RNA sequencing and the differential expression of genes was analyzed using different tools. RNA-Seq data showed that the genes responsible for microtubule organization such as TUBB, BUB1B, TUBG2, TUBGCP6, TPX2, and MAP7 were significantly downregulated. Several epigenetic modulators such as UHRF1, HDAC7, and DNMT1 were also considerably downregulated, and this effect was associated with significant upregulation of various proapoptotic genes including CASP3, TNF-α, CASP7, and CDKN1A (p21). Likewise, damaged DNA repair genes such as RAD51, RAD52, and DDB2 were also significantly downregulated. This study indicates that TIT3-induced antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities on HCC cells could involve several signaling pathways. Our results suggest that TIT3 might be a promising drug to treat HCC.

14.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 319, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sudan falls in the meningitis belt where most global cases of bacterial meningitis are reported. Highly accurate decision support tools have been developed by international specialized societies to guide the diagnosis and limit unnecessary hospital admissions and prolonged antibiotic use that have been frequently reported from countries around the world. The goals of this study are to critically evaluate the clinical decision of bacterial meningitis in children in Sudan using clinical prediction rules and to identify the current bacterial aetiology. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in October to July of 2010 in a major referral pediatric hospital in Khartoum, Sudan. Febrile children age 1 day to 15 years who were provisionally diagnosed as having meningitis on admission were included (n = 503). Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens were obtained from all patients while clinical and demographic data were available for only 404. Conventional laboratory investigations were performed. The clinical decision was evaluated by the International Classification of Diseases-Clinical Modification code 320.9 and the Bacterial Meningitis Score. Ethical clearance and permissions were obtained. RESULTS: Out of 503 provisionally diagnosed bacterial meningitis patients, the final clinical confirmation was assigned to 55.9%. When codes were applied; 5.7% (23/404) with CSF pleocytosis were re-classified as High Risk for bacterial meningitis and 1.5% (6/404) with confirmed bacterial aetiology as Proven Bacterial Meningitis. Neisseria meningitidis was identified in 0.7% (3/404) and Streptococcus pneumoniae in another 0.7%. Typical laboratory findings (i.e. CSF pleocytosis and/or low glucose and high protein concentrations, Gram positive or Gram negative diplococcic, positive bacterial culture) were seen in 5 (83%). Clinically, patients showed fever, seizures, chills, headache, vomiting, stiff neck and bulging fontanelle. All confirmed cases were less than 5 years old and were admitted in summer. All patients were prescribed with antibiotics; they were all recovered and discharged. CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial meningitis is over-diagnosed in hospitals in Khartoum therefore clinical prediction rules must be adopted and applied to guide the clinical decision. The sole bacterial aetiology in this selected group of Sudanese children remain N. meningitidis and S. pneumoniae, but with significant decrease in prevalence. Some cases showed atypical clinical and laboratory findings.

15.
Int Dent J ; 69(6): 428-435, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407319

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the clinical and histopathological features of oral leukoplakia (OL) in the Sudan, and to identify the risk factors associated with dysplastic and malignant changes. METHODS: Records of 117 cases with the diagnosis of OL at the Department of Oral Pathology in the period from 2010 to 2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 117 cases included in this study, 30 cases (25.6%) showed carcinoma in the initial diagnostic biopsy. The mean age at diagnosis was 59.8 years with a male/female ratio of 3.3:1. The lip (48.7%) and the gingiva (31.6%) were the predominantly affected sites. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that females were associated with 3.36-fold [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.36-10.76; P = 0.012] higher risk of malignant transformation compared with males. Verrucous leukoplakia was associated with 3.38-fold (95% CI,  1.12-10.19; P =  0.031) higher risk of malignant transformation compared with homogeneous leukoplakia. Exclusive Toombak dipping was the significant risk factor for the presence of dysplasia in OL (odds ratio, 9.35; 95% CI, 1.28-67.99; P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and histopathological features of OL were analysed and correlated. Toombak dipping was the significant risk factor for dysplastic changes, while female gender and verrucous leukoplakia were the factors associated with malignant transformation.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Leucoplasia Oral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Sudão
16.
J Electrocardiol ; 56: 90-93, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance and prognosis of myocardial bridge (MB) is still a matter of debate. OBJECTIVES: To assess the novel ECG markers of T peak-to-end (Tp-e) interval, transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR), is assessed by Tp-e/QT ratio, and index of electrophysiogical index(iCEB),is defined by QT/QRS ratio and changes (ST-T changes) in MB patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty one patients who were diagnosed as having MB (MB group) and other 41 patients without MB (non-MB group) at multi-detector CT (MDCT) exam matched by age, sex were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: iCEB was significantly increased in MB group in comparison to non-MB group particularly in patients with no coronary atherosclerosis (5.3 Vs 4.5, p = 0.04). Tp-e and TDR values were decreased in MB in comparison to non-MB patients particularly in patients with coronary atherosclerosis (69 Vs 80, p = 0.003 and 0.18 Vs 0.2, p = 0.01 respectively). Isolated T inversion in V1 was observed more in MB compared to non-MB patients (58% Vs 5%, p ≤ 0.0001) particularly in patients without coronary atherosclerosis. CONCLUSION: MB patients have shown decreased Tp-e and TDR markers particularly in MB patients with coronary atherosclerosis.

17.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 5343-5351, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354343

RESUMO

Background and aim: DNA repair represents a protective mechanism against cell injury and cancer. 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is the main ROS-induced DNA mutation. The current study aimed to evaluate urinary 8-OHdG levels in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its related hepatocellular (HCC) and correlate its level to XRCC1 rs25487 G/A and OGG1 rs1052133 C/G gene polymorphisms. Materials and methods: Urinary 8-OHdG assays were performed using HPLC technique, and XRCC1 rs25487 G/A and OGG1 rs1052133 C/G gene polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR using confronting two-pair primer method (PCR-CTPP) in 200 subjects allocated into 50 chronic HCV patients, 50 HCV-related HCC patients, and 100 controls. Results: There were significantly increased urinary 8-OHdG levels in HCV-related HCC and chronic HCV patients when compared with the controls (P<0.05 for all). Urinary 8-OHdG was associated with the tumor spread. Regarding, XRCC1 (Arg399Gln), AA (Gln/Gln) genotype and A-allele were more frequent in HCC and chronic HCV patients than in the controls (P<0.05). ORs (95%CI) using the dominant and the recessive genetic models were; 2.1 (1.1-4.1), P=0.032 and 1.9 (1-3.6), P=0.043 respectively. For OGG1 (Ser326Cys), GG (Cys/Cys) genotype and G-allele were increased significantly in chronic HCV and HCC patients compared to the controls (P<0.05). ORs (95%CI) under the dominant and the recessive genetic models were; 2.1 (1.1-4.1), P=0.032 and 1.9 (1-3.8), P=0.049 respectively. Additionally, XRCC1 (AA) and OGG1 (GG) genotypes had significantly increased urinary 8-OHdG levels among patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: XRCC1 (AA) and OGG1 (GG) could be considered as possible genotypic risk factors for HCV- related HCC development which were associated with significantly high urinary 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine levels, thus urinary 8-OHdG could be considered as non-invasive marker in follow-up chronic HCV progression into HCC.

18.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 12: 703-716, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190930

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to examine the possible association role of vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) development, glycemic control and complications among a cohort of Egyptian children. Subjects and methods: A prospective case-control study has been conducted on 50 Egyptian children with T1DM who were comparable with 50 controls. Vitamin D and HbA1c were measured. VDR-SNPs [ApaI (rs7975232), TaqI (rs731236) and BsmI (rs1544410)] detection was done by polymerase chain reaction through restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. Vitamin D supplements were given to the included T1DM children with low vitamin D and reassessments of both HbA1c% and 25(OH)D serum levels were performed in those children three months later. Results: Eighty percent of the included diabetic patients have poor glycemic control. Vitamin D was deficient in 68% and insufficient in 16% of diabetic patients. Significant improvements in both vitamin D and glycemic status among T1DM children, who have low vitamin D and received vitamin D supplementations. There were significantly negative correlations between serum levels of vitamin D with both HbA1c % (r= -0.358, P˂0.05) and daily insulin dose (r=-0.473, P˂0.05). Compared with controls, T1DM children presented more commonly with ApaI a allele (OR: 2.87; 95%CI: 1.39-5.91, P˂0.05) and BsmI b allele (OR: 4.38; 95%CI: 2.30-8.33, P˂0.05). TaqI t allele wasn't significantly differing among patients and controls (P˃0.05). Aa+aa and Bb+bb genotypes were significantly higher among T1DM vs the controls (OR: 3.08;, 95%CI: 1.33-7.15, P˂0.05 and OR: 9.33; 95%CI: 3.61-24.17, P˂0.05respectively). Conclusion: ApaI and BsmI were associated with risk of T1DM development among Egyptian children. Low vitamin D status was frequently occurring among T1DM with significant improvement in the glycemic control of such children when adding vitamin D supplements to the standard insulin therapy.

19.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-operative pain is a common concern following elective foot and ankle surgery. NSAIDs used for pain relief have led to bone-healing complications in animal models and in vitro studies. This retrospective study examined the rate of bone-healing complications in post-surgical patients using NSAIDs. METHODS: Participants underwent elective foot surgeries between January 2016 and May 2018. Radiographs were used to identify bony nonunion at osteotomy sites 12 weeks post-surgery. RESULTS: Two-hundred thirty-two patients were evaluated; 59 (25.43%) were prescribed ibuprofen, 62 (27%) ketorolac, 15 (6.47%) acetaminophen, and 92 (40%) hydrocodone-acetaminophen. Two-hundred and twelve (91.38%) patients exhibited radiographic evidence of osseous union at 12 weeks and 20 (8.62%) had radiographic evidence of non-union of the osteotomy sites. There was no significant relationship between NSAID use and osseous non-union (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term use of oral ibuprofen and ketorolac in the post-operative period was not associated with bony non-union.

20.
Epigenet Insights ; 12: 2516865719839011, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058255

RESUMO

The epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) is a common finding in several solid and hematological tumors involving various epigenetic readers and writers leading to enhanced cell proliferation and defective apoptosis. Thymoquinone (TQ), the major biologically active compound of black seed oil, has demonstrated anticancer activities in various tumors by targeting several pathways. However, its effects on the epigenetic code of cancer cells are largely unknown. In the present study, we performed RNA sequencing to investigate the anticancer mechanisms of TQ-treated T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line (Jurkat cells) and examined gene expression using different tools. We found that many key epigenetic players, including ubiquitin-like containing plant homeodomain (PHD) and really interesting new gene (RING) finger domains 1 (UHRF1), DNMT1,3A,3B, G9A, HDAC1,4,9, KDM1B, and KMT2A,B,C,D,E, were downregulated in TQ-treated Jurkat cells. Interestingly, several TSGs, such as DLC1, PPARG, ST7, FOXO6, TET2, CYP1B1, SALL4, and DDIT3, known to be epigenetically silenced in various tumors, including acute leukemia, were upregulated, along with the upregulation of several downstream pro-apoptotic genes, such as RASL11B, RASD1, GNG3, BAD, and BIK. Data obtained from RNA sequencing were confirmed using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in Jurkat cells, as well as in a human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-468 cells). We found that the decrease in cell proliferation and in the expression of UHRF1, DNMT1, G9a, and HDAC1 genes in both cancer cell (Jurkat cells and MDA-MB-468 cells) lines depends on the TQ dose. Our results indicate that the use of TQ as an epigenetic drug represents a promising strategy for epigenetic therapy for both solid and blood tumors by targeting both DNA methylation and histone post-translational modifications.

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