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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(36): 20174-20182, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473148

RESUMO

Imaging ultrafast hydrogen migration with few- or sub-femtosecond time resolution is a challenge for ultrafast spectroscopy due to the lightness and small scattering cross-section of the moving hydrogen atom. Here we propose time- and momentum-resolved photoelectron diffraction (TMR-PED) as a way to overcome limitations of existing methodologies and illustrate its performance in the ethanol molecule. By combining different theoretical methods, namely molecular dynamics and electron scattering methods, we show that TMR-PED, along with a judicious choice of the reference frame for multi-coincidence detection, allows for direct imaging of single and double hydrogen migration in doubly-charged ethanol with both few-fs and Å resolutions, all the way from its birth to the very end. It also provides hints of proton extraction following H2 roaming. The signature of hydrogen dynamics shows up in polarization-averaged molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions (PA-MFPADs) as moving features that allow for a straightforward visualization in space.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(5): 2615-2621, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30989154

RESUMO

Understanding the excited state of photocatalysts is significant to improve their activity for water splitting reaction. X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy in X-ray free electron lasers (XFEL) is a powerful method to address dynamic changes in electronic states and structures of photocatalysts in the excited state in ultrafast short time scales. The ultrafast atomic-scale local structural change in photoexcited WO3 was observed by W L1 edge XAFS spectroscopy using an XFEL. An anisotropic local distortion around the W atom could reproduce well the spectral features at a delay time of 100 ps after photoexcitation based on full potential multiple scattering calculations. The distortion involved the movement of W to shrink the shortest W-O bonds and elongate the longest one. The movement of the W atom could be explained by the filling of the dxy and dzx orbitals, which were originally located at the bottom of the conduction band with photoexcited electrons.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(53): 7314-7317, 2017 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28480915

RESUMO

Ultrafast excitation of photocatalytically active BiVO4 was characterized by femto- and picosecond transient X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. An initial photoexcited state (≪500 fs) changed to a metastable state accompanied by a structural change with a time constant of ∼14 ps. The structural change might stabilize holes on oxygen atoms since the interaction between Bi and O increases.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 50(22): 12114-12121, 2016 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27771951

RESUMO

Hydrous ferric arsenate (HFA) is an important arsenic-bearing precipitate in the mining-impacted environment and hydrometallurgical tailings. However, there is no agreement on its local atomic structure. The local structure of HFA was reprobed by employing a full-potential multiple scattering (FPMS) analysis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations, and vibrational spectroscopy. The FPMS simulations indicated that the coordination number of the As-Fe, Fe-As, or both in HFA was approximately two. The DFT calculations constructed a structure of HFA with the formula of Fe(HAsO4)x(H2AsO4)1-x(OH)y·zH2O. The presence of protonated arsenate in HFA was also evidenced by vibrational spectroscopy. The As and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectra of HFA were accurately reproduced by FPMS simulations using the chain structure, which was also a reasonable model for extended X-Ray absorption fine structure fitting. The FPMS refinements indicated that the interatomic Fe-Fe distance was approximately 5.2 Å, consistent with that obtained by Mikutta et al. (Environ. Sci. Technol. 2013, 47 (7), 3122-3131) using wavelet analysis. All of the results suggested that HFA was more likely to occur as a chain with AsO4 tetrahedra and FeO6 octahedra connecting alternately in an isolated bidentate-type fashion. This finding is of significance for understanding the fate of arsenic and the formation of ferric arsenate minerals in an acidic environment.


Assuntos
Arseniatos/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Arsênio , Análise Espectral , Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X , Raios X
5.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 23(2): 560-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26917144

RESUMO

The occurrence of scissors modes in crystals that have deformed ions in their unit cells was predicted some time ago. The theoretical value of their energy is rather uncertain, however, ranging between ten and a few tens of eV, with the corresponding widths of 10(-7) to 10(-6) eV. Their observation by resonance fluorescence experiments therefore requires a photon spectrometer covering a wide energy range with a very high resolving power. Here, a new experiment is proposed and discussed in which such difficulties are overcome by measuring with a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) the variation of the magnetic field associated with the excitation of scissors modes.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(4): 1364-7, 2016 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26663199

RESUMO

The dynamics of the local electronic and geometric structures of WO3 following photoexcitation were studied by femtosecond time-resolved X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy using an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL). We found that the electronic state was the first to change followed by the local structure, which was affected within 200 ps of photoexcitation.

7.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 22(3): 553-64, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25931068

RESUMO

The Elastic and Inelastic Scattering (EIS) beamline at the free-electron laser FERMI is presented. It consists of two separate end-stations: EIS-TIMEX, dedicated to ultrafast time-resolved studies of matter under extreme and metastable conditions, and EIS-TIMER, dedicated to time-resolved spectroscopy of mesoscopic dynamics in condensed matter. The scientific objectives are discussed and the instrument layout illustrated, together with the results from first exemplifying experiments.

8.
Sci Rep ; 4: 7199, 2014 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25425181

RESUMO

Wet chemical reduction of metal ions, a common strategy for synthesizing metal nanoparticles, strongly depends on the electric potential of the metal, and its applications to late transition metal clusters have been limited to special cases. Here, we describe copper nanoclusters grown by synchrotron radiolysis in concert with wet chemistry. The local structure of copper aggregates grown by reducing Cu(II) pentanedionate using synchrotron x-ray beam was studied in situ by x-ray absorption spectroscopy. A detailed analysis of the XANES and EXAFS spectra, compared with DFT calculations and full-potential non-muffin-tin multiple scattering calculations, identified the nanocluster as Cu13 with icosahedral symmetry. The novel "charged" nanoclusters tightly bound to electron-donating amido molecules, which formed as a result of photo-induced deprotonation of ligand amines, were stabilized by irradiation. Monodispersive deposition of nanoclusters was enabled by controlling the type and density of "monomers", in remarkable contrast to the conventional growth of metallic nanoparticles.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 16(43): 24055-62, 2014 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25285404

RESUMO

We argue that a kind of magnetic nanoparticle might exist characterized by the locking of the constituent spins with the density profile of the macrospin. We represent such a nanoparticle by two interacting rigid rotors, one of which has a large spin attached to the body, namely a two rotor model with spin. By this model we can describe in a unified way the cases of nanoparticles free and stuck in an elastic or a rigid matrix. We evaluate the magnetic susceptibility for the latter case and under some realistic assumptions we get results in closed form. A crossover between thermal and purely quantum hopping occurs at a temperature much higher than that at which tunneling becomes important. Agreement with some experimental data is remarkable.

10.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 24(36): 365501, 2012 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22892820

RESUMO

Methodological advances in multiple scattering theory (MST) in both wave and Green's function versions are reported for the calculation of electronic ground and excited state properties of condensed matter systems with an emphasis on core-level photoemission and absorption spectra. Full-potential MST is reviewed and extended to non-local potentials. Multichannel MST is reformulated in terms of the multichannel density matrix whereby strong electron correlation of atomic multiplet type can be accounted for in both ground and excited states.

11.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 22(18): 185501, 2010 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21393686

RESUMO

We present a rigorous derivation of a real-space full-potential multiple scattering theory (FP-MST) that is free from the drawbacks that up to now have impaired its development (in particular the need to expand cell shape functions in spherical harmonics and rectangular matrices), valid both for continuum and bound states, under conditions for space partitioning that are not excessively restrictive and easily implemented. In this connection we give a new scheme to generate local basis functions for the truncated potential cells that is simple, fast, efficient, valid for any shape of the cell and reduces to the minimum the number of spherical harmonics in the expansion of the scattering wavefunction. The method also avoids the need for saturating 'internal sums' due to the re-expansion of the spherical Hankel functions around another point in space (usually another cell center). Thus this approach provides a straightforward extension of MST in the muffin-tin (MT) approximation, with only one truncation parameter given by the classical relation l(max) = kR(b), where k is the electron wavevector (either in the excited or ground state of the system under consideration) and R(b) is the radius of the bounding sphere of the scattering cell. Moreover, the scattering path operator of the theory can be found in terms of an absolutely convergent procedure in the l(max) --> ∞ limit. Consequently, this feature provides a firm ground for the use of FP-MST as a viable method for electronic structure calculations and makes possible the computation of x-ray spectroscopies, notably photo-electron diffraction, absorption and anomalous scattering among others, with the ease and versatility of the corresponding MT theory. Some numerical applications of the theory are presented, both for continuum and bound states.

12.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 21(10): 104206, 2009 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21817426

RESUMO

We present a rigorous derivation of a real space full-potential multiple-scattering theory (FP-MST), valid both for continuum and bound states, that is free from the drawbacks that up to now have impaired its development, in particular the need to use cell shape functions and rectangular matrices. In this connection we give a new scheme to generate local basis functions for the truncated potential cells that is simple, fast, efficient, valid for any shape of the cell and reduces to the minimum the number of spherical harmonics in the expansion of the scattering wavefunction. This approach provides a straightforward extension of MST in the muffin-tin (MT) approximation, with only one truncation parameter given by the classical relation l(max) = kR(b), where k is the photo-electron wavevector and R(b) the radius of the bounding sphere of the scattering cell. Some numerical applications of the theory are presented, both for continuum and bound states.

13.
Biophys J ; 93(8): 2781-90, 2007 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17573429

RESUMO

The carbonic anhydrase (CA) family of zinc metalloenzymes includes many known isozymes that have different subcellular distributions. The study described here focuses on identification of the structural features that define low-temperature adaptation in a Chionodraco hamatus protein, both for the reaction center, at an atomic level, and for the tertiary structure of the protein. To this aim, an x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy/Minuit x-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy analysis of the reaction center was undertaken for both a structurally characterized human CAII and CA of C. hamatus. Higher structural levels were analyzed by sequence comparison and homology modeling. To establish whether the structural insights acquired in fish CAs are general, theoretical models were generated by homology modeling for three temperate-climate-adapted fish CAs. The measured structural differences between the two proteins are discussed in terms of the differences in the electrostatic potential between human CAII and CA of C. hamatus. We conclude that modulation of the interaction between the catalytic water molecule and the zinc ion could depend on the effect of the electrostatic potential distribution.


Assuntos
Anidrases Carbônicas/química , Anidrases Carbônicas/ultraestrutura , Peixes/metabolismo , Modelos Químicos , Modelos Moleculares , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Simulação por Computador , Ativação Enzimática , Estabilidade Enzimática , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura
14.
J Phys Chem B ; 110(29): 14035-9, 2006 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16854096

RESUMO

A full multiple theoretical model (MXAN) is applied to fit picosecond difference X-ray absorption spectra at the ruthenium L(3) edge upon photoexcitation of aqueous [RuII(bpy)3]2+. We show that fitting difference spectra allows an increase in sensitivity, such that slight structural changes can be retrieved, which are not detected in fitting full spectra. The Ru-N bond distances of the excited complex in the (3)MLCT state are in good agreement with recently published values. The implementation of the present approach to L-edge spectra and its high sensitivity opens opportunities for its extension to a large class of experiments where difference X-ray absorption spectra are recorded.


Assuntos
Modelos Químicos , Ligantes , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Rutênio/química , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Análise Espectral , Fatores de Tempo , Raios X
15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 126(47): 15618-23, 2004 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15563192

RESUMO

A recently developed method to the full quantitative analysis of the XAS spectra extending from the absorption edge to the high-energy region is presented. This method is based on the use of two independent approaches to the analysis of the EXAFS and XANES data, the well-known GNXAS and the newly developed MXAN procedures. Herein, we report the application of this technique to two iron complexes of known structure where multiple-scattering effects are prominent, the potassium hexacyanoferrat(II) and -(III) crystals and aqueous solutions. The structural parameters obtained from refinements using the two methods are equal and compare quite well with crystallographic values. Small discrepancies between the experimental and calculated XANES spectra have been observed, and their origin has been investigated in the framework of non-muffin-tin correction. The ligand dependence of the theoretical spectra has been also examined. Analysis of the whole energy range of the XAS spectra has been found to be useful in elucidating both the type of ligands and the geometry of iron sites. These results are of particular use in studying the geometrical environment of metallic sites in proteins and complexes of chemical interest.

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