Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Anim Sci ; 99(9)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468760

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of peripartal administration of a commercially available nonspecific immune stimulant (mycobacterium cell wall fraction; MCWF [Amplimune, NovaVive Inc., Napanee, ON, Canada]) on the incidence of disease during early lactation and subsequent fertility of dairy cows. A second objective was to characterize the dynamics of circulating white blood cells (WBC) and metabolic markers following treatment administration. Cows in an United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) organic-certified dairy herd were blocked by parity and, based on sequential calving dates, randomly assigned to receive two injections (5 mL s.c.) of either a placebo (saline solution) as a control (CON; n = 71) or MCWF (n = 65) at enrollment (7 d before expected calving) and within 24 h after calving. Blood samples were collected from a subsample of the study population (MCWF = 16; CON = 18) for WBC count at enrollment, at day 2 post enrollment, and at days 1, 3, 7, and 14 after calving. Serum fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and Ca concentrations were determined at days 1 and 7 postpartum (MCWF = 21; CON = 21). Main outcome variables included incidence risk of peripartal and early lactation health disorders and pregnancy at first artificial insemination (AI), at 100, and at 150 days in milk (DIM). In addition, the average daily milk yield up to 90 DIM and death and live culling before 305 DIM were compared. Treatment effects were assessed using multivariable logistic regression, time-to-event analyses, and repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). A treatment effect on the incidence risk of some of the health disorders in the study was established. Incidence risk of metritis and clinical mastitis <28 DIM was smaller in MCWF than in CON cows (36.9% vs. 50.7% and 6.3% vs. 19.7%, respectively). On the contrary, the incidence risk of respiratory disease <28 DIM was smaller in CON (0%) than in MCWF (7.7%). Reproductive performance of multiparous cows was affected by MCWF administration: pregnancy at first AI and pregnancy at 100 and 150 DIM were greater in MCWF than in CON (35.6% vs. 19.2%; 51.1% vs. 25.0%; and 64.4% vs. 40.4%, respectively). Overall, median intervals from calving to pregnancy were 90 vs. 121 d in MCWF and CON cows, respectively. No treatment effects on the dynamics of circulating WBC or in postpartum metabolic status were established. No differences for milk yield or for the proportion of cows that survived up to 305 DIM were determined, although cows in MCWF left the herd earlier than cows in CON. In conclusion, incidence risks of metritis and mastitis in early lactation were smaller in cows receiving MCWF, whereas the incidence risk of respiratory disease was smaller in CON. Fertility significantly improved in MCWF compared with CON cows. As this study was performed in an organic-certified dairy, specific health and reproductive management practices may affect the external validity of the current findings.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Mycobacterium , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Parede Celular , Feminino , Fertilidade , Lactação , Leite , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Reprodução
2.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(1): 173, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599873

RESUMO

The search for healthy food leads to demand for functional foods that do not harm the health of the consumers. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the supply of cottonseed and crude glycerin as modulators of the lipid profile of the beef produced on pasture. The concentrated supplement was formulated with two levels of cottonseed (0 and 25%) and/or two levels of crude glycerin (0 and 15%), totaling four experimental groups. Two experiments were conducted; the first experiment was outlined in a 5 × 5 Latin square design, contrasting the protein-energy supplementation with the mineral supplementation. The concentrate supplementation allowed the increase in intake and digestibility of the dry matter (P = 0.03), ether extract, crude protein, and non-fibrous carbohydrate (P < 0.01). However, the results showed no effect of crude glycerin or cottonseed inclusion on intake or nutrients digestibility. The second experiment evaluated the protein-energy supplementation and its impact on the lipid profile of meat produced, carcass characteristics, and animal performance. There was no influence of cottonseed or crude glycerin in performance or carcass characteristics. However, the use of the cottonseed reduced the content of short-chain fatty acids, omega 3 linolenic acid, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) C18: 2 cis 9 trans 11 (P < 0.01), and the inclusion of crude glycerin led to increased conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) C18: 2 cis 9 trans 11 (P = 0.04). An important result is given by illustrating the impact of these fatty acids in the nutritional quality of the meat. Thus, it is possible to manipulate the lipid profile of meat produced by cottonseed or crude glycerin supplementation, without affecting the animal performance.


Assuntos
Óleo de Sementes de Algodão/farmacologia , Glicerol/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Carne Vermelha/análise , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Bovinos , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo
3.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(1): 61, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389175

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the seasonal expression of seminal plasma proteins from two bovine breeds adapted to a subtropical climate and their associations with post-thawing sperm and environmental characteristics. Semen samples were obtained three times in summer and three times in winter from four Crioulo Lageano and four Angus bulls. Seminal plasma was obtained by centrifugation, and the other portion of the semen was cryopreserved. Seminal plasma proteins were identified by 2D-nanoUPLC-MSE. Post-thawing assessments of sperm kinetics, morphology and membrane integrity were performed. Environmental data such as air temperature, air humidity and black globe temperature (BGT) were recorded, and the temperature-humidity index (THI) was calculated in summer and winter. Results showed that the climate varied significantly between seasons. Although no statistical differences were observed in semen quality between breeds, the protein profiles varied within and between seasons. We suggest that the most critical proteins in summer affecting sperm characteristics were TIMP-2, DNase, Clusterin, CFAH and GPx6. TIMP-2 and DNase showed a higher abundance in Crioulo Lageano in comparison with Angus, while Clusterin, CFAH and GPx6 presented a lower abundance. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a recently evolved type of glutathione peroxidase, GPx6, in seminal plasma of bovines. In winter, five proteins were considered to be more critical: BSP1, BSP3, CCL2, Sulfhydryl oxidase and TIMP-2. BSP1 and TIMP-2 showed a lower abundance while BSP3, CCL2 and Sulfhydryl oxidase presented a higher abundance in this season in Crioulo Lageano in comparison with Angus.


Assuntos
Aclimatação , Bovinos/metabolismo , Estações do Ano , Proteínas de Plasma Seminal/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Animais , Cruzamento , Criopreservação/veterinária , Umidade , Masculino , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Sêmen , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Espermatozoides , Temperatura
4.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(1): 29, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230661

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate increasing levels of inclusion of dry distillery grains (DDGs) in substitution of corn and urea in multiple supplements for beef cattle of Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu on the consumption, digestibility, and efficiency of microbial synthesis and use of nitrogen. We used four Nellore bulls cannulated in the rumen with an average age of 24 months and 445.12 ± 34.4 kg of body weight (BW), in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. Supplements differed by the inclusion level of DDG (0%, 31.5%, 63.0%, and 94.5%). Increasing levels of DDG inclusion decreased dry matter intake (DMI) (P = 0.002), forage (P = 0.002), organic matter (OM) (P = 0.001), crude protein (CP) (P = 0.037), and total digestible nutrients (TDN) (P < 0.001) and had a quadratic effect on the intake of non-fibrous carbohydrates (NFC) (P = 0.002). It was observed an increase in the digestibility of ether extract (EE) (P = 0.005), however a decrease in the digestibility of NFC (P = 0.001). Inclusion of DDG did not influence ruminal pH. There was a quadratic effect at collection times for ruminal ammoniacal nitrogen (P < 0.05), except for the supplement with 94.5% DDG where the effect was linear (P = 0.002). Nitrogen intake was 10.9% higher when there was no DDG in the supplement, compared with the supplement with 94.5% DDG (P = 0.039). The excretion of N by feces was greater when there was a greater amount of DDG in the supplement (P = 0.027), the opposite occurred with urine excretion of N, being higher when there was less amount of DDG in the supplement (P = 0.027). Increasing levels of DDG did not affect ruminal microbial protein yield (P > 0.05). Replacing corn and urea with up to 94.5% DDGs in multiple supplements resulted in no adverse effect efficiency of microbial synthesis, although nutrient intake, total digestible nutrients, and use of nitrogen were reduced at 94.5% DDG inclusion.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Bovinos/fisiologia , Dieta/veterinária , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Animais , Peso Corporal , Proteínas na Dieta/análise , Digestão , Ingestão de Energia , Fezes , Masculino , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Poaceae , Rúmen/metabolismo , Estações do Ano , Ureia/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo
5.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(2): 763-769, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754955

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of rumen-protected oil (soybean and palm oil) in supplements for beef cattle during the fattening phase in pastures on the intake and digestibility of nutrients, animal performance, and carcass characteristics. Forty-eight noncastrated male Nellore cattle (15 ± 2 months and 389.5 ± 20 kg of body weight) were used in a completely randomized design to evaluate the following treatments: protein-energy supplement (PES) without rumen-protected oil (control: CO), PES containing palm rumen-protected oil (PRPO), PES containing soybean rumen-protected oil (SRPO), and PES containing a mixture of soybean and palm rumen-protected oil (SPRPO). The study lasted 112 days, and there was a decrease in crude protein intake (P < 0.05) and an increase in ether extract intake (P < 0.05) when rumen-protected oil was included in the supplements. In comparison to the palm rumen-protected oil supplement, the soybean rumen-protected oil supplement promoted a lower average daily gain (ADG) (P < 0.05); however, regardless of the rumen-protected oil source, an increase in the fat thickness of the subcutaneous tissue was observed. In addition, there was no difference in carcass gain (P > 0.05) regardless of oil source. Rumen-protected oil is a tool to increase the finishing of pasture-finished young beef cattle in the dry season.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Óleo de Palmeira/administração & dosagem , Rúmen/metabolismo , Óleo de Soja/administração & dosagem , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peso Corporal , Bovinos/anatomia & histologia , Defecação , Dieta/veterinária , Fezes/química , Masculino , Carne Vermelha/normas
6.
Curr Microbiol ; 76(3): 270-278, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721320

RESUMO

We tested the hypothesis that supplementation with protein improves fermentation parameters without damaging the rumen microbial populations of beef cattle grazing Urochloa brizantha cv. Marandu during the dry season. Four rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (571 ± 31 kg of body weight) were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design. The treatments were not supplemented with concentrate (only free-choice mineral salt ad libitum) and supplemented (supplements with low-LPSU, medium-MPS, and high protein supplement-HPS), supplying 155, 515, and 875 g/animal/day of crude protein (CP), respectively. The abundance of each target taxon was calculated as a fraction of the total 16S rRNA gene copies in the samples, using taxon-specific and domain bacteria primers. There was no difference (P > 0.05) across treatments for intakes of dry matter (DM), forage and neutral detergent fiber (NDF), digestibility of DM and NDF, and ruminal pH. Animals supplemented with concentrate had greater (P < 0.05) intakes and digestibility of CP, ether extract and non-fibrous carbohydrate contents of the substrates (EE + NFC), and ruminal ammonia nitrogen (RAN) compared to control. Bulls that received only mineral salt had lower proportions of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and had greater (P < 0.05) proportions of Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus albus, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, Methanogen archaea than bulls supplemented with concentrate. The MPS animals had greater (P < 0.05) intake and digestibility of CP, RAN concentration, and had lower (P < 0.05) proportions of Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, and Selenomonas ruminantium than LPSU animals. The HPS provided higher (P < 0.05) intake of CP, RAN and proportion of Ruminococcus albus when compared with MPS. In conclusion, supply of 515 g/animal/day of protein via supplement provides better ruminal conditions for the growth of cellulolytic bacteria of bulls on pasture during dry season.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Rúmen/metabolismo , Rúmen/microbiologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bovinos , Fermentação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Estações do Ano , Clima Tropical
7.
Curr Microbiol ; 75(8): 1025-1032, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29594405

RESUMO

We tested the hypothesis that supplementation with three protein levels improves fermentation parameters without changing the rumen microbial population of grazing beef cattle in the rainy season. Four rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (432 ± 21 kg of body weight) were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design with four supplements and four experimental periods of 21 days each. The treatments were mineral supplement (ad libitum) and supplements with low, medium (MPS), and high protein supplement (HPS), supplying 106, 408, and 601 g/day of CP, respectively. The abundance of each target taxon was calculated as a fraction of the total 16S rRNA gene copies in the samples, using taxon-specific and domain bacteria primers. Supplemented animals showed lower (P < 0.05) proportions of Ruminococcus flavefaciens and greater (P < 0.05) proportions of Ruminococcus albus and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens than animals that received only the mineral supplement. The HPS supplement resulted in higher (P < 0.05) proportions of Fibrobacter succinogenes, R. flavefaciens, and B. fibrisolvens and lower (P < 0.05) proportions of R. albus than the MPS supplement. Based on our results, high protein supplementation improves the ruminal conditions and facilitates the growth of cellulolytic bacteria in the rumen of bulls on pastures during the rainy season.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Fibrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Rúmen/microbiologia , Ruminococcus/isolamento & purificação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens/genética , Bovinos , Fibrobacter/classificação , Fibrobacter/genética , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Chuva , Ruminococcus/classificação , Ruminococcus/genética , Estações do Ano , Clima Tropical
8.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 50(3): 495-501, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29090423

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate reduced supplementation frequencies for grazing beef cattle in rainy season. In experiment 1, evaluating the nutritional parameters, four rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (BW = 410 kg) were used. In experiment 2, evaluating animal performance, 48 Nellore bulls (BW = 358 kg) were used. The treatments were as follows: mineral supplement (MS) alone and MS plus protein-energy supplement provided 3×, 5× and 7×/week. Supplementation frequency did not affect (P > 0.05) intake and digestibility. Average daily gain was greater (P < 0.001) to supplementation compared with MS. The supplementation 5×/week resulted in greater weight gain per hectare (9.24) and higher economic returns during the study period (1.64%) compared to other supplementations. Supplementation 5×/week increased animal performance and positively influenced economic returns.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Proteínas na Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Digestão , Animais , Peso Corporal , Bovinos , Masculino , Chuva , Carne Vermelha , Rúmen , Estações do Ano , Ganho de Peso
9.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 50(4): 715-720, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29235046

RESUMO

Supplementation of animals in the rainy season is essential to maximise weight gain. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the effects of supplementation with low-, medium- and high-protein levels on nutritional parameters of grazing beef cattle in the rainy season. Eight rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (437 kg body weight) were used in a 4 × 4 double Latin square design with four supplements and four experimental periods. The treatments were mineral supplement (ad libitum) and supplements with low-protein (LPSU), medium-protein (MPS) and high-protein (HPS) levels, providing 106, 408 and 601 g/day of crude protein (CP), respectively. There was no difference (P > 0.05) between treatments for dry matter and forage intake, ruminal pH, ruminal ammonia nitrogen (RAN) at time 0 (before supplementation) and microbial protein yield. Animals on MPS had a higher (P > 0.05) intake and digestibility of CP, higher RAN levels (3 and 6 h after supplementation), increased nitrogen intake and a better nitrogen balance than animals on LPSU. The HPS provided higher (P > 0.05) RAN at time 6 and a better nitrogen balance when compared with MPS. We therefore infer that the high-protein supplement positively impacts nitrogen metabolism and efficiency in grazing beef cattle during the rainy season.


Assuntos
Bovinos/metabolismo , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Suplementos Nutricionais , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peso Corporal , Digestão , Fermentação , Masculino , Poaceae , Chuva , Distribuição Aleatória , Carne Vermelha , Rúmen/metabolismo , Estações do Ano , Clima Tropical
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 24(2): 104-107, abr.-jun./2017. il.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-966786

RESUMO

Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito da estação do ano sobre a qualidade do sêmen fresco e criopreservado de reprodutores Pantaneiros (Bos taurus) criados em condições tropicais. Foram utilizados 7 touros Pantaneiros e 3 Nelores (controle), dos quais foi aferido circunferência escrotal, consistência testicular e após a coleta e congelamento do sêmen realizada análise de motilidade, vigor, defeitos menores, maiores e totais, concentração, integridade de membrana plasmática e acrossomal para sêmen fresco e além destas, estresse oxidativo para sêmen criopreservado. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, e arranjo fatorial 2x2 (2 raças e 2 estações do ano). A raça, estação do ano ou a interação entre eles, não alteraram significativamente as médias de circunferência escrotal, consistência testicular, motilidade, vigor, concentração, integridade de membrana acrossomal e porcentagem de defeitos menores. A integridade da membrana plasmática no sêmen fresco sofreu efeito da estação do ano e foi menor no inverno em ambas raças (95,76 ± 1,77% vs. 87,07 ± 4,78% P=0,03). A estação do inverno aumentou a porcentagem de defeitos maiores (29,15% vs. 16,44%, P<0,01) e totais (17,49% vs. 30,45%, P<0,01). Os parâmetros do sêmen congelado não foram influenciados pela raça, estação do ano ou interação entre elas. Portanto, nas condições edafoclimáticas estudadas, os reprodutores Pantaneiros apresentaram redução na sua qualidade seminal na estação do inverno.


The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of seasonality on the quality of fresh and cryopreserved semen of Pantaneiro breed (Bos taurus) bulls raised under tropical conditions. Scrotal circumference and testicular consistency were performed in seven Pantaneiro and three Nellore (control) bulls. Sperm motility, vigor, minor, major and total defects, concentration, plasma and acrosomal membrane integrity were assessed in fresh and post-thawed semen. Additionally, oxidative stress was determined in post-thawed semen samples. The experiment was done in a complete randomized design, with a 2x2 factorial arrangement (2 breeds and 2 seasons). Breed, season of the year or the interaction of both did not alter scrotal circumference, testicular consistency, motility, vigor, concentration, acrosomal membrane integrity and percentage of minor defects (P<0.05). Plasma membrane integrity of fresh semen was affected by the season and was smaller in winter in both breeds (95.76 ± 1.77% vs 87.07 ± 4.78%, P=0.03). Nevertheless, also in the winter there was an increase in the percentage of major (29.15% vs 16.44%, P<0.01) and total defects (17.49% vs. 30.45%, P<0.01) in fresh semen samples. Breed, season or interaction of both did not influence the sperm parameters of cryopreserved semen. Thus, in the studied climatic conditions, the Pantaneiro breed bulls present decrease in semen quality mainly in the winter season


Assuntos
Animais , Estações do Ano , Sêmen , Criopreservação
11.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 47(7): 1233-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26077114

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the inclusion of 0, 14, 27.5 and 41 g/kg roasted soybean (RSB) in protein-energy supplements for the finishing of beef cattle on pastures of Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu in the rainy period. In experiment 1, for the evaluation of the nutritional parameters, five rumen-cannulated steers with an initial average body weight of 474.5 kg were utilised. In experiment 2, for the evaluation of performance, 25 intact male zebu cattle with an initial average body weight of 418 kg were utilised. Supply of RSB led to an increase in the intake of crude protein and non-fibre carbohydrates (P < 0.05). The concentrations of rumen ammonia nitrogen increased significantly (P < 0.05) 4 h after supplementation. The animals that received protein-energy supplements had superior (52 %) average daily gain in relation to those receiving mineral mixture. The supply of protein-energy supplements formulated with roasted soybean provided an increase in average daily weight gain and an improvement in the nutritional parameters of finishing beef cattle on pasture in the rainy period.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Criação de Animais Domésticos , Brachiaria , Bovinos/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Soja , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Peso Corporal , Suplementos Nutricionais , Masculino , Rúmen/metabolismo , Estações do Ano , Ganho de Peso
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 22(3-4): 198-201, jul.-dez.2015.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-997898

RESUMO

Os estudos que envolvem os aspectos reprodutivos do tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) podem contribuir para a preservação da espécie auxiliando no desenvolvimento de um manejo reprodutivo mais eficiente em cativeiro. O presente estudo teve como objetivo obter uma melhor compreensão da fisiologia reprodutiva por meio da caracterização física e morfológica do sêmen de tamanduá-bandeira. Foram realizados três exames reprodutivos em dois tamanduás-bandeira mantidos no Zoológico da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá/MT/Brasil. O método de coleta do sêmen foi a eletroejaculação. O volume médio obtido foi de 2,62 ± 1,67 mL, com motilidade média de 50 ± 20% e vigor de 2,17 ± 0,82. O pH médio foi de 7,29 ± 0,40. Quanto à patologia espermática foram encontrados 16,5% de defeitos maiores, 20,5 % de defeitos menores, perfazendo 37 ± 4,2% de defeitos totais. Os testes preliminares de padronização da coloração eosina-nigrosina mostraram-se eficazes para avaliar a integridade da membrana plasmática de espermatozoides nesta espécie, que nesta pesquisa foi de 65 ± 7,77%.


Studies involving the reproductive aspects of the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) can be contributed to the preservation of this specie. The aim of these study was accessed the reproductive physiology and describe physical and morphological giant anteater's sperm. We conducted three reproductive examination in two anteater maintained at the Federal University of Mato Grosso Zoo, Cuiaba/MT/Brazil. The method of semen collection used was electroejaculation. The volume average obtained was 2.62 ± 1.67 mL, the motility average was 50 ± 20% and the vigor was 2.17 ± 0.82. The pH mean was 7.29 ± 0.40. The sperm average concentration was 33.33 ± 12.52 x 106 sperm/mL. According sperm pathology we found 16.5% of larger defects, 20.5% of minor defects, amounting to 37 ± 4.2% of total defects. The preliminary tests of standardization of eosin-nigrosin staining proved to be effective to evaluate the integrity of plasma membrane of sperm in this species, in this research was 65 ± 7,77%.


Assuntos
Animais , Cingulados , Análise do Sêmen , Reprodução , Ejaculação , Eutérios
13.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 46(4): 280-287, 2009.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-536846

RESUMO

O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do estresse de trabalho sobre a fertilidade de cães machos. Foram utilizados 18 cães da raça rottweiler, férteis, com idade média de 4 anos, distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: repouso (controle) e trabalho (tratamento). O tratamento era composto por 5 fases: 1-adaptação, 2-adestramento básico, 3-adestramento militar e condicionamento, 4-acampamento, 5-repouso. Durante todo o período experimental, foram feitas duas coletas de sêmen semanais, para avaliação do ejaculado. No final de cada fase foi realizada coleta de sangue para dosagem dos níveis plasmáticos de cortisol. Os dados foram analisados pelo SAS, á =5%. Observou-se efeito negativo do estresse sobre os parâmetros motilidade (72,63 vs. 57,62, p<0,0001) e vigor espermático (3,06 vs. 2,52, p<0,0001), porcentagem de defeitos maiores(16,01 vs. 26,80, p< 0,0001) e totais (29,61 vs. 40,34, p<0,0001).Observou-se interação (p<0,0001) entre tempo e tratamento sobre a variável cortisol, indicando que o tipo de agente estressante (fase) interfere no nível plasmático de cortisol. Com base nesses resultados,é possível concluir que o estresse de trabalho interferiu de maneira negativa na fertilidade dos cães.


The present work aimed to evaluate the effect of work stress male dogs fertility. Eighteen fertile male Rottweiler dogs, mean aged 4 years old, were randomly allocate into two groups: resting (control) and working (treatment). Treatment consisted of 5 working stages: 1– adaptation, 2- basic obedience training, 3 - physical conditioning and military training, 4 – camping and 5 – resting. During the experimental period, semen was collected and evaluated twice a week.At the end of each stage, blood collections were performed in order to evaluate plasmatic levels of cortisol. Data were analyzed using the statistical software SAS (a=5%). A significant negative effect of stress was observed on sperm motility (resting=72.63 vs. working=57.62,p<0.001), progressive motility (resting=3.06 vs. working=2.52, p<0.0001), major defects (resting=16.01 vs. working=26.80,p<0.0001) and total defects (resting=29.61 vs. working=40.34,p<0.0001). Furthermore, a significant interaction (P<0.0001) was observed between treatment and working stage periods for the plasmatic levels of cortisol, suggesting that the level of stress may vary according to the type of work. Results indicated that work stress may negatively influence fertility in male dogs.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Cães , Fertilidade , Hidrocortisona/efeitos adversos , Estresse Fisiológico , Sêmen/fisiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...