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1.
Intern Med ; 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897154

RESUMO

A 66-year-old man, who had undergone plasma exchange 30 years previously in Egypt for the treatment of falciparum malaria, was referred to our hospital for treatment of chronic hepatitis C (HCV). An analysis of the 655-nucleotide 5'-untranslated region-core region sequence revealed infection with HCV subtype 1g. A phylogenetic analysis of the full-length HCV genome confirmed that the patient's HCV was subtype 1g, which was the first case identified in Japan. Although his HCV possessed several naturally occurring resistance-associated substitutions in the nonstructural (NS) 3 and NS5A regions, he was successfully treated by combination therapy with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir.

2.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811701

RESUMO

We herein report a successfully treated case of huge ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by conversion hepatectomy after transarterial embolization (TAE) and lenvatinib therapy. A 33-year-old male patient with right hypochondralgia and liver tumor was referred to our hospital. He had a history of surgery for heart malformation. The tumor at the right lobe was 15 cm in diameter with bloody ascites. Right atrial thrombus 4.5 cm in diameter and marked cardiac dilatation were observed. TAE with ethanol suspended in lipiodol and gelatin sponge achieved hemostasis of the ruptured HCC. Although viable HCC remained after TAE, surgical treatment was abandoned because of abdominal wall invasion and his heart function. Lenvatinib and rivaroxaban were then initiated for HCC and atrial thrombus, respectively. Lenvatinib treatment resulted in a reduction in tumor marker levels and the tumor size. First, we planned conversion hepatectomy after 5 months of lenvatinib. However, recurrence of atrial thrombus prompted us to put off the surgery, and lenvatinib was re-administered. After improvement of atrial thrombus, we finally performed conversion hepatectomy 10 months after starting lenvatinib administration. The tumor was completely removed by combined resection of the diaphragm, and the patient has been doing well without any signs of recurrence.

3.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although systemic therapy is recommended for patients with multiple intermediate stage unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) classified as beyond the up-to-7 criteria (UT-7 out/multiple) as a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) unsuitable condition, few reports have examined the therapeutic efficacy of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab combination therapy (Atez/Bev) in such cases. This study aimed to elucidate the therapeutic response of Atez/Bev in u-HCC patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple. MATERIAL/METHODS: From September 2020 to September 2021, 95 u-HCC Japanese patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple/Child-Pugh A were enrolled from 21 institutions (median age 76 years, males 73, Child-Pugh 5:6 = 68:27, TNM stage II:III = 17:78). Therapeutic response was retrospectively evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1 and modified RECIST (mRECIST). RESULTS: Atez/Bev was given as first-line treatment to 52 (54.7%). Objective response rate (ORR)/disease control rate (DCR) at six weeks of RECIST and mRECIST were 17.7%/84.7% and 42.5%/86.2%, respectively. Median PFS was 8.0 months (median observation period: 6.0 months). Child-Pugh A/modified Albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) 1 and 2a at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 weeks, were 100%/69.4%, 89.8%/57.3%, 94.8%/65.3%, and 91.4%/60.0%, respectively. Among adverse events (any-grade, >10%) during the present observation period, general fatigue was most frequent (23.2%), followed by urine protein (21.1%), appetite loss (20.0%), and hypertension (13.7%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev treatment showed favorable therapeutic response with less influence on hepatic function, suggesting it as a useful therapeutic option for patients with such condition.

4.
Oncology ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: With the development of systemic treatment methods for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC), the concept of unsuitable for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has become important. This study aimed to establish a simple predictive scoring system for determining TACE unsuitable status. MATERIALS/METHODS: From 1998 to 2015, 196 patients with intermediate-stage uHCC with Child-Pugh A (score 5:6 = 108:88) and given TACE as the initial treatment were enrolled. At the baseline, tumor burden (Milan criteria-out, up-to-7 in/out, and up-to-11 in/out: 0-2 points) and modified albumin-bilirubin grade 1/2a or 2b (0-1 point) were added to determine the score for TACE unsuitable (CITRUS-MICAN score; low <2 and high ≥2). In addition, a previously reported tumor marker (TM) score, in which alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was ≥100 ng/mL, fucosylated AFP ≥10%, and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin ≥100 mAU/mL (each 1 point) (total 0, 1, or ≥2 points), was used for additionally evaluating tumor malignancy potential. Prognosis was retrospectively evaluated based on those scores. RESULTS: Median survival time (MST) was better for low compared to high CITRUS-MICAN score (42.0 vs. 26.4 months) (p = 0.002). A 2-step evaluation using the combination of CITRUS-MICAN and TM scores showed an MST of 43.2 months for low CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 0/1 (rank-A) and 39.6 months for low CITRUS-MICAN/TM score ≥2 (rank-B2), while it was 46.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 0 (rank-B1), 28.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 1 (rank-B2), and 22.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score ≥2 (rank-C). For rank-A cases (n = 51), MST was 43.2 months, while it was 46.8 months for rank-B1 (n = 12), 31.2 months for rank-B2 (n = 82), and 22.8 months for rank-C (n = 51) (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results showed that rank-C indicates absolute TACE unsuitable status. For rank-A patients, good prognosis with TACE can be expected, while TACE refractoriness status during the clinical course should be carefully evaluated so as to anticipate the appropriate timing for switching to systemic treatment in rank-B1 and -B2 patients.

5.
Front Robot AI ; 8: 740460, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760933

RESUMO

In this paper, we address a persistent object search and surveillance mission for drone networks equipped with onboard cameras, and present a safe control strategy based on control barrier functions The mission for the object search and surveillance in this paper is defined with two subtasks, persistent search and object surveillance, which should be flexibly switched depending on the situation. Besides, to ensure actual persistency of the mission, we incorporate two additional specifications, safety (collision avoidance) and energy persistency (battery charging), into the mission. To rigorously describe the subtask of persistent search, we present a novel notion of γ-level persistent search and the performance certificate function as a candidate of a time-varying Control Barrier Function. We then design a constraint-based controller by combining the performance certificate function with other CBFs that individually reflect other specifications. In order to manage conflicts among the specifications, the present controller prioritizes individual specifications in the order of safety, energy persistency, and persistent search/object surveillance. The present controller is finally demonstrated through simulation and experiments on a testbed.

6.
JGH Open ; 5(10): 1183-1189, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622006

RESUMO

Background and Aim: This retrospective study investigated the effect of 48-week pemafibrate therapy in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with hypertriglyceridemia, as evaluated by the FibroScan-aspartate aminotransferase (FAST) score. Methods: A total of 31 NAFLD patients who were treated with pemafibrate in Gunma Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital and Kusunoki Hospital from September 2018 to April 2020 were included in the current study. We used the FAST score, which is a novel index of steatohepatitis that can be calculated based on the AST value, controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM), to evaluate the effect of pemafibrate treatment. Results: The median age was 64.0 (interquartile range [IQR] 55.0-75.0) years and 14 patients (45.2%) were male. Median body mass index was 26.8 (IQR 23.8-28.8). Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were detected in 14 (45.2%) and five (16.1%) patients, respectively. Fasting triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly improved (P < 0.001 and 0.013, respectively) and the AST, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase, and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase values were significantly decreased during pemafibrate treatment (P = 0.041, <0.001, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively). While the LSM value and CAP value did not differ to a statistically significant extent (P = 0.19 and 0.140, respectively), the FAST score was significantly improved during pemafibrate treatment (P = 0.029). The delta FAST score was found to be correlated with the variations of ALT (r = 0.504, P = 0.005), which represents the effect of pemafibrate. Conclusions: Pemafibrate improved the FAST score due to the hepatic anti-inflammatory effect, indicating that pemafibrate may prevent disease progression in NAFLD patients with hypertriglyceridemia.

7.
Intern Med ; 60(19): 3061-3070, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602520

RESUMO

Objective Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection carries a residual risk of hepatocarcinogenesis even after viral elimination, so appropriate follow-up is necessary. The present study investigated the current hospital visits and hepatocarcinogenesis status of patients who received daclatasvir plus asunaprevir treatment (DCV+ASV) to determine whether or not appropriate follow-up was being performed. Methods We retrospectively analyzed hepatocarcinogenesis, the overall survival, and the length of hospital visits in 442 patients who applied for the medical expense subsidy system for viral hepatitis and received DCV+ASV treatment in Gunma Prefecture between October 2014 and December 2015. This also included 61 patients who had a history of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Results Among 442 patients, 388 achieved a sustained viral response (SVR) by DCV+ASV therapy (87.8%), and 95.9% achieved an SVR if additional treatment was included. HCC was found in 75 cases (17.0%). A history of HCC, the FIB-4 index and the treatment effect SVR were determined to be factors affecting the incidence of HCC. Regarding the follow-up rate, 89.9% of patients continued to regularly visit the hospital after 5 years of treatment. However, patients ≤60 years old had significantly lower persistence rates than older patients. The persistence rate of hospital visits to the same institution was 67.7% over a 5-year period, which was significantly better in small and medium-sized institutions than in large, specialized institutions (71.7% vs. 63.9%, p=0.039). Conclusion Patients with direct-acting antiviral treatment generally received adequate follow-up, but younger patients had a slightly higher rate of follow-up interruption and were considered to need support.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite C Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Oncology ; 99(10): 641-651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515171

RESUMO

AIM: Atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (atezo + bev) shows a good overall survival (OS) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, the OS of patients with nonviral infection is quite worse than that in those with viral infection. The present study investigated the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib in patients with nonviral infection, who were unlikely to obtain benefit from atezo + bev. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study that included 139 advanced HCC patients treated with lenvatinib between March 2018 and September 2020. RESULTS: The median age was 72 years, and 116 patients (83.5%) were male. Based on the etiology of liver disease, 84 (60.4%) and 55 patients (39.6%) were assigned to the viral infection and nonviral infection groups, respectively. The significant extents in patient characteristics were not observed in both groups. The objective response rate per mRECIST and progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ significantly between the viral infection and nonviral infection groups (36.0 vs. 33.0%, p = 0.85; and 7.6 vs. 7.5 months, p = 0.94, respectively). The 1-year survival rates were 68.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57.7-79.7%) in the viral infection group and 59.5% (95% CI 45.2-73.8%) in the nonviral infection group. The viral infection group was not a significant factor associated with the PFS or OS in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Lenvatinib shows no significant difference in response between patients with and without viral infection. Treatment strategies based on the etiology of liver disease may lead to good clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/microbiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/microbiologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Infecções/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Viroses/diagnóstico
9.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1464, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (Atez/bev) treatment has been developed for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC), changes in hepatic function during therapy have yet to be reported. AIM: This retrospective clinical study aimed to elucidate early responses to Atez/Bev. METHODS: From September 2020 to April 2021, 171 u-HCC patients undergoing Atez/Bev treatment were enrolled (BCLC stage A:B:C:D = 5:68:96:2). Of those, 75 had no prior history of systemic treatment. Relative changes in hepatic function and therapeutic response were assessed using albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1, respectively. RESULTS: In initial imaging examination findings, objective response rates for early tumor shrinkage and disease control after 6 weeks (ORR-6W/DCR-6W) were 10.6%/79.6%. Similar response results were observed in patients with and without a past history of systemic treatment (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 9.7%/77.8% and 12.2%/82.9%), as well as patients in whom Atez/Bev was used as post-progression treatment following lenvatinib (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 7.7%/79.5%), for which no known effective post-progression treatment has been established. In 111 patients who underwent a 6-week observation period, ALBI score was significantly worsened at 3 weeks after introducing Atez/Bev (-2.525 ± 0.419 vs -2.323 ± 0.445, p < .001), but then recovered at 6-weeks (-2.403 ± 0.452) as compared to 3-weeks (p = .001). During the observation period, the most common adverse events were appetite loss (all grades) (12.3%), general fatigue/hypertension (all grades) (11.1%, respectively), and urine protein (all grades) (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev might have therapeutic potential not only as first but also later-line treatment of existing molecular target agents. In addition, this drug combination may have less influence on hepatic function during the early period, as the present patients showed a good initial therapeutic response.

10.
Hepatol Res ; 51(8): 880-889, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837620

RESUMO

AIM: Multiple molecular agents have been developed for treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical efficacy of sequential treatment with lenvatinib after regorafenib failure. METHODS: From June 2017 to October 2020, 63 patients with Child-Pugh A and treated with regorafenib followed by sorafenib were enrolled (median age 71 years, 52 men, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer B:C = 23:40). They were divided into two groups, those treated with lenvatinib after regorafenib treatment (R-L group, n = 47) and those who did not receive lenvatinib after regorafenib (non-R-L group, n = 16). Prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed after adjustment with inverse probability weighting. RESULTS: Serum albumin level at the start of regorafenib and reasons for discontinuation of regorafenib were significantly different between the R-L and non-R-L groups, whereas the albumin-bilirubin score, Child-Pugh class, and tumor burden were not. Progression-free survival was also not significantly different (median 4.1 vs. 3.8 months, p = 0.586). As for overall survival, the R-L group showed better prognosis after introducing regorafenib and after introducing sorafenib, following inverse probability weighting adjustment (MST 19.7 vs. 10.3 months, 33.8 vs. 15.3 months, p < 0.001 and p = 0.022, respectively). Modified albumin-bilirubin grade 2b (score >-2.27) at the start of regorafenib (HR 2.074, p = 0.041) and the presence of lenvatinib treatment after regorafenib failure (HR 0.355, p = 0.004) were found to be significant prognostic factors in Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis, after inverse probability weighting adjustment. CONCLUSION: These results show that lenvatinib is a good sequential treatment option after progression under regorafenib therapy in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma patients with better hepatic reserve function.

11.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33913092

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of zinc acetate treatment for patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis complicated by hypozincemia. We retrospectively analyzed 49 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis complicated by hypozincemia who received zinc acetate treatment from August 2017 to March 2020. The relationships between serum zinc levels and several parameters including the prognosis, sarcopenia, and immunity were evaluated. Serum zinc levels measured at 3 months post-treatment and the incidence of adverse events were also determined. The median age was 69.0 years (IQR:59.5-78.8) and the male to female ratio was 29:20. Twenty-seven patients had a Child-Pugh classification of B and 22 had a Child-Pugh classification of C; the median Child-Pugh score was 9.0 (IQR, 8.0-11.0). The median serum zinc levels measured at 3 months post-treatment (74.7 (IQR, 50.0-101.0) µg/dL) were significantly elevated in comparison to the pre-treatment levels (43.0 (IQR, 34.0-51.0) µg/dL, P < 0.0001). The overall survival of patients with pre-treatment serum zinc levels of ≥60 µg/dL was significantly better than that of those with pre-treatment serum zinc levels of <60 µg/dL (P = 0.013). The survival of patients with zinc levels of ≥70 µg/dL at 3 months post-treatment was significantly better than those with levels of <70 µg/dL (P = 0.013). The serum albumin level, Child-Pugh score, albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score were identified as factors predicting a good response at 3 months post-treatment. There were no significant relations between the pretreatment serum zinc levels and skeletal muscle mass, lymphocyte count, and neutrophil lymphocyte ratio. There were no obvious problematic adverse events in patients who received zinc acetate treatment. The patients with higher basal zinc levels and good responders to zinc acetate treatment had a better prognosis. Zinc acetate was useful and safe for patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis complicated by hypozincemia.

12.
Intern Med ; 60(14): 2167-2174, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612679

RESUMO

Objective The therapeutic effect of pemafibrate on metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) remains unknown. This retrospective, single-arm study investigated the efficacy and safety of pemafibrate in MAFLD patients with hypertriglyceridemia. Methods A total of 10 patients who received pemafibrate (oral, 0.1 mg, twice a day) at Gunma Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital between September 2018 and September 2019 were included. All patients underwent a liver biopsy, and the disease grade and stage were pathologically assessed based on the FLIP algorithm. Results The median age was 66.0 (53.8-74.8) years old, and 5 patients (50.0%) were men. All patients were diagnosed with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The fasting and non-fasting triglyceride (TG) levels were 175 (149-247) mg/dL and 228 (169-335) mg/dL, respectively. The AST and ALT values at 6 months were significantly lower than at baseline [AST: 28.0 (22.0-33.8) U/L vs. 43.5 (24.0-55.0) U/L, p=0.008, ALT: 23.0 (14.8-26.5) U/L vs. 51.5 (23.0-65.3) U/L, p=0.005, respectively], especially in NASH patients with significant activity and advanced fibrosis (p=0.040 and 0.014, respectively). Fasting TG levels were significantly lower and HDL-C levels significantly higher at 6 months than at baseline (p=0.005 and 0.032, respectively). At six months, FIB-4, the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, and the macrophage galactose-specific lectin-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer level were significantly improved compared with baseline (p=0.041, 0.005 and 0.005, respectively). Treatment-related adverse events were not observed. Conclusion Pemafibrate treatment may be safe and effective for MAFLD patients with hypertriglyceridemia.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Idoso , Benzoxazóis , Butiratos , Humanos , Hipertrigliceridemia/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(1)2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418941

RESUMO

Lenvatinib, which is an oral multikinase inhibitor, showed non-inferiority to the sorafenib in terms of overall survival (OS) and a higher objective response rate (ORR) and better progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A good liver function and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) intermediate stage were the key factors in achieving therapeutic efficacy. The management of adverse events plays an important role in continuing lenvatinib treatment. While sequential therapies contributed to prolonging overall survival, effective molecular targeted agents for the administration after lenvatinib have not been established. Repeated transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) was associated with a decline in the liver function and poor therapeutic response in BCLC intermediate patients. Recently, the Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert (APPLE) Consensus Statement proposed the criteria for TACE unsuitability. Upfront systemic therapy may be better for the BCLC intermediate stage HCC patients with a high tumor burden, while selective TACE will be recommended for obtaining a curative response in patients with a low tumor burden. This article reviews the therapeutic response, management of adverse events, post-progression treatment after Lenvatinib, and treatment strategy for BCLC intermediate stage HCC.

14.
Hepatol Res ; 51(1): 51-61, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021009

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the real-world efficacy and safety of 12-week sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) treatment for patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS: A total 72 of patients with Child-Pugh (CP) class B or C were enrolled. We evaluated the sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12), adverse events (AEs), and changes in the liver function. RESULTS: All participants had genotype 1 or 2 HCV infection. At baseline, the numbers of patients with CP class B and C were 59 and 13, respectively. The overall SVR12 rate was 95.8% (69/72); 94.9% (56/59) in CP class B and 100% (13/13) in CP class C. The serum albumin level, prothrombin time and ascites were significantly improved (P < 0.01); however, the serum bilirubin level and encephalopathy did not improve. Among patients who achieved SVR12, 75.0% showed an improvement in their CP score, while 5.9% showed a worsening. The presence of large portosystemic shunt (diameter ≥6 mm) and hyperbilirubinemia (≥2.0 mg/dL) were independent factors that interfered with the improvement in the CP score (P < 0.05). The most common AEs were encephalopathy (15.3%) and skin symptoms (7.9%). Two patients discontinued SOF/VEL due to AEs. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with SOF/VEL for 12 weeks was relatively safe and effective for patients with decompensated cirrhosis. An SVR provided an improvement of the liver function in the majority of patients. However, large portosystemic shunt and hyperbilirubinemia were independent factors that interfered with the improvement in the CP score.

15.
Oncology ; 99(4): 203-214, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279908

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of ramucirumab treatment under real-world conditions and to clarify the role of albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score in predicting outcomes. METHODS: Between June 2019 and May 2020, a total of 16 patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with ramucirumab in Gunma Saiseikai Maebashi Hospital and its affiliated hospitals was included. RESULTS: The median age was 71 (interquartile range [IQR] 65-74) years old, and 12 patients (75.0%) were male. The modified ALBI (mALBI) grade was 1, 2a, and 2b at baseline in 4 (25.0%), 3 (18.8%), and 9 patients (56.3%), respectively. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage was intermediate and advanced stage in 1 (6.3%) and 15 patients (93.8%), respectively. The serum α-fetoprotein at baseline was 4,911 (IQR 2,091-17,377) ng/mL. The disease control rate in patients with mALBI grade1 + 2a was significantly higher than in those with mALBI grade 2b (100 vs. 28.6%, p = 0.028). The patients with mALBI grade 1 + 2a had a significantly better overall survival (OS) and longer progression-free survival (PFS) than those with mALBI grade 2b (median OS 6.7 vs. 3.0 months; p = 0.036, median PFS 7.5 vs. 1.4 months; p = 0.002). The number of cycles of ramucirumab treatment was significantly correlated with the ALBI score (r = -0.452, p = 0.030). The patients with mALBI grade 1 + 2a showed a low incidence of adverse events (AEs) and discontinuation due to AEs. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced HCC patients with mALBI grade 1 + 2a may be a good indication for ramucirumab treatment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise
16.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050527

RESUMO

The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to assess the change in liver function in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with lenvatinib. Among 139 consecutive patients receiving lenvatinib treatment between March 2018 and July 2019, 28 patients with Child-Pugh class B and one patient with inadequate patient information were excluded. Remaining 110 patients with Child-Pugh class A were analyzed. The median age of 110 patients was 73 years (IQR 66.7-80) and 88 patients (80.0%) were men. Child-Pugh score was 5 (CP5A) and 6 (CP6A) in 58 (52.7%) and 52 patients (47.3%), and ALBI grade was 1 and 2 in 38 (34.5%) and 72 patients (65.5%), respectively. The deterioration to Child-Pugh class B was found in 43 patients (39.1%) during the lenvatinib treatment. The favorable factors related to preserving liver function were significantly shown to be male, ALBI grade 1, CP5A and BCLC early or intermediate stage in the multivariate analysis. The formation of ascites was found in 32 patients (28.6%). The significant unfavorable factors associated with the formation of ascites were found to be low platelet count and CP6A. Among the 79 patients, there were 36 (45.6%) and 11 patients (13.9%) who fulfilled the criteria for candidate for the post-progression treatment and ramucirumab treatment, respectively. The predictive factors of the post-progression treatment were shown to be ALBI grade 1 and CP5A in multivariate analysis. In conclusion, male, ALBI grade 1, CP5A and BCLC early or intermediate stage were favorable factors related to sustaining liver function and the patients with ALBI grade 1 and CP5A were eligible for the post-progression treatment. Careful screening for ascites was needed in patients with low platelet count and CP6A.

17.
Hepatol Res ; 50(3): 382-395, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760660

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive factors of objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS), and the correlation of albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade with decreased appetite and fatigue in hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated with lenvatinib. METHODS: From March 2018 to December 2018, a total of 94 patients was included in this retrospective multicenter study. RESULTS: The median age of all patients was 73 years (interquartile range 66-79.3 years), and approximately 78% patients were men. The ALBI grade was 1, 2, and 3 in 27 (28.7%), 64 (68.1%), and three patients (3.2%), respectively. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage was early, intermediate, and advanced in one (1.1%), 22 (23.4%), and 71 patients (75.5%), respectively. Best radiological response was determined to complete response, partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease in 0 (0.0%), 24 (30.4%), 38 (48.1%), and 17 patients (21.5%), respectively, giving the ORR of 30.4%. The 3-, 6-, and 12-month PFS was calculated to be 78.7% (95% CI 70.3-87.1%), 46.7% (95% CI 36.1-57.3%), and 17.4% (95% CI 6.6-28.2%). Multivariate analysis showed that the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer intermediate stage was shown to be the only significant factor affecting the ORR (odds ratio 3.78, 95% CI 1.14-12.5, P = 0.030) and PFS (hazard ratio 0.49, 95% CI 0.26-0.94, P = 0.030). The incidence of all grades of decreased appetite and fatigue was significantly less in patients with ALBI grade 1 compared with ALBI grade 2 + 3. CONCLUSIONS: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer intermediate stage was the predictive factor affecting the ORR and PFS, and ALBI grade was a good predictive factor affecting the incidence of fatigue and decreased appetite.

18.
Hepatol Res ; 50(3): 303-312, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750974

RESUMO

AIM: In patients with hepatitis C virus, treatment failure of daclatasvir plus asunaprevir combination therapy (DCV + ASV) seems to become intractable due to the induction of resistance-associated substitutions. This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of retreatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in patients with DCV + ASV therapy failure, as well as changes in drug resistance mutations. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 44 patients re-treated with DAAs after DCV + ASV failure between December 2015 and April 2018. All patients were analyzed for amino acid substitutions, and additional treatment regimens were selected based on the results and current treatment guidelines. RESULTS: The sustained virological response rate with second-line treatment was 81.8% (36/44), and relapse occurred in five of 16 patients who received sofosbuvir/ledipasvir and three of seven patients who received DCV/ASV/beclabuvir. Third- and fourth-line treatments were also tried in relapsed cases, and the overall sustained virological response rates were 90.9% (40/44) and 93.2% (41/44), respectively. A high rate of viral clearance was eventually observed. Before second-line treatment, the prevalence of mutations in the NS5A and NS3/4A regions was 100% (44/44) and 86.4% (38/44), respectively. There was no significant increase in the number of amino acid substitutions in patients for whom second-line treatment failed. CONCLUSIONS: Amino acid substitutions were frequently observed in patients with DCV + ASV failure, but most patients achieved a sustained virological response after retreatment with DAAs. Although the spread of drug-resistant viruses due to unsuccessful DAA treatment was a matter of concern, most cases of DCV + ASV failure were overcome with additional treatment.

19.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 954, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We conducted a multi-center randomized phase II study comparing a sequential HAIC-sorafenib regimen versus sorafenib alone as an initial therapy for HCC. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned (ratio, 1:1) to receive sequential HAIC with cisplatin followed by sorafenib (HAIC group, n = 35) or sorafenib alone (sorafenib group, n = 33) as an initial therapy. The primary endpoint was the one-year survival rate. Secondary endpoint included overall survival (OS), the 2-year survival rate, the time-to-progression (TTP), the objective response rate (ORR), the disease control rate (DCR), and safety. RESULTS: For the primary endpoint, the one-year survival rates were 46% in the HAIC group and 58% in the sorafenib group. The median OS period was 10.0 months (95% CI, 7.0-18.8) in the HAIC group and 15.2 months (95% CI, 8.2-19.7) in the sorafenib group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.08; 95% CI, 0.63 to 1.86, P = 0.78). The median TTP, ORR and DCR in the HAIC group were 2.8 months (95% CI, 1.7-5.5), 14.3, and 45.7%, respectively, while those in the sorafenib group were 3.9 months (95% CI, 2.3-6.8), 9.1, and 45.5%, respectively. No unexpected adverse events related to HAIC or sorafenib were observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential HAIC with cisplatin and sorafenib does not improve the survival benefit, compared with sorafenib alone, when used as an initial therapy for advanced HCC. However, this study was underpowered in regard to its primary and secondary endpoints, so the results should be interpreted with caution. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN ID 000006147 , registration data: August 11, 2011.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Artéria Hepática , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Intern Med ; 58(20): 2969-2975, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243225

RESUMO

A 72-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with yellow discoloration of the sclera and liver dysfunction. He was diagnosed with acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on the basis of HCV-RNA positivity and anti-HCV seroconversion. A transjugular liver biopsy confirmed submassive hepatic necrosis. Five days after admission, no flapping tremor was observed, and the prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and total bilirubin level showed increases of 1.70 and 17.8 mg/dL, respectively. The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was determined to be 25, and the risk of acute liver failure (ALF) was estimated to be 48% according to the Japan Hepatic Encephalopathy Prediction Model. Considering that rapid HCV clearance and temporary suppression of the immune response would prevent ALF, we prescribed oral ledipasvir (LDV) 90 mg and sofosbuvir (SOF) 400 mg for 12 weeks and intravenously injected methylprednisolone 1 g for 3 days. His PT-INR promptly improved, although the total bilirubin level increased to 30.3 mg/dL. Plasma bilirubin absorption was performed three times, and the total bilirubin level gradually decreased. HCV-RNA was still detectable at six weeks after the start of LDV/SOF therapy and finally undetectable at eight weeks. There were no adverse events associated with LDV/SOF. The patient was discharged 73 days after admission. A sustained virological response was achieved at 12 and 24 weeks after treatment. The findings from this case suggest that LDV/SOF therapy can be a promising option for acute HCV monoinfection associated with a high risk of ALF.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Benzimidazóis/uso terapêutico , Fluorenos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Falência Hepática Aguda/virologia , Uridina Monofosfato/análogos & derivados , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/complicações , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Falência Hepática Aguda/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Sofosbuvir , Resposta Viral Sustentada , Uridina Monofosfato/uso terapêutico
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