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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the 12-month clinical outcomes of patients treated with Magmaris or Orsiro. Second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold Magmaris (Dreams 2G) has proved to be safe and effective in the BIOSOLVE-II study. Similarly, biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent, Orsiro has shown notable clinical results even in all-comer populations. METHODS: Magmaris group patients were taken from the BIOSOLVE-II and BIOSOLVE-III trials, while the patients from Orsiro group were enrolled in BIOFLOW-II trial. The primary outcome was explored using a time-to-event assessment of the unadjusted clinical outcomes for target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months, followed by a multivariate analysis adjusting for all the significantly different covariates between the groups. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 482 patients (521 lesions), 184 patients (189 lesions) in Magmaris group and 298 patients (332 lesions) in Orsiro group. The mean age was 65.5 ±â€¯10.8 and 62.7 ±â€¯10.4 years in Magmaris and Orsiro groups, respectively (p = 0.005). Magmaris and Orsiro unadjusted TLF rates were 6.0 and 6.4% with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.869). In the multivariate analysis, there were no meaningful differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups. Finally, none of the groups presented device thrombosis cases at 12 months. CONCLUSION: At 12 months there were no significant differences between Magmaris and Orsiro groups neither in the unadjusted assessment nor in the multivariate analysis for target lesion failure. These results should be taken as hypothesis generating and may warrant a head to head comparison on a randomized fashion.

2.
EuroIntervention ; 15(10): 851-856, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746751

RESUMO

The field of valve intervention is rapidly changing. Clinical practice guidelines are based on evidence and practical clinical experience. The randomised trials considered for the guideline recommendations regarding indications for TAVI cover the high-risk and intermediate-risk subgroups of patients. With new evidence for low-risk patients, consideration has to be given to discussing TAVI as the default strategy in the majority of patients. This is a paradigm shift from the established practice. More than ever, the patient will be at the centre of the decision making. The Heart Team is essential for optimal patient pathways, as patient factors, longevity and durability considerations have to inform the discussion. Further developments discussed in this article revolve around evidence on secondary mitral regurgitation and mitral edge-to-edge repair.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos
3.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. ; 74(13 supl.): 187-187, Oct., 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of the safety and clinical performance of the Sirolimus-Eluting Bioabsorbable Magnesium Scaffold (DREAMS 2G) from the combined analysis of BIOSOLVE- II and -III studies at 36 months. METHODS A total of 184 subjects have been enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II and -III studies. Clinical follow-ups are scheduled at 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months plus 60 months for BIOSOLVE-II. Angiographies are planned at 6 months and voluntarily at 12 and 36 months in BIOSOLVE-II, and 1 angiography is mandatory at 12 months in the BIOSOLVE-III study. Dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended for a minimum of 6 months. The angiographic results are analyzed by an independent core laboratory and all clinical events were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee. RESULTS A total of 117 men and 67 women with 189 lesions, mean age 65.5 _ 10.8 years, were enrolled at 18 sites in Europe, Brazil, and Singapore. Hypertension was presente in 79.3% of the subjects and 62% had hyperlipidemia. The mean lesion length was 12.6 _ 5.1 mm with a mean reference vessel diameter of 2.70 _ 0.43 mm. At 12 months, 97 patients had available angiographic follow-up. There was no difference in late lumen loss between the 2 studies; in the overall population, it was 0.25 _ 0.31 mm in-segment and 0.39 _ 0.34 mm in-scaffold. The target lesion failure (TLF) rate of the combined population was 3.3%, including 2 cardiac deaths (1.1%), 1 target vessel myocardial infarction (0.6%), and 3 clinically driven target lesion revascularizations (1.7%). The 36-month clinical data of BIOSOLVE- II study are available. Target lesion failure occurred in 8 patients (6.8%) and included 2 cardiac deaths (1.7%), 1 target vessel myocardial infarction (0.9%), and 5 clinically driven target lesion revascularizations (4.3%). No definite or probable scaffold thrombosis was observed. The 36- month clinical visits are ongoing for BIOSOLVE-III patients and data of the combined cohort will be available upon presentation. CONCLUSION The 36-month results of DREAMS 2G, meaning 2 years beyond the completion of resorption, are encouraging on safety and clinical performance standpoints. They will be presented for a larger population of subjects enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II and -III studies. (AU)


Assuntos
Reestenose Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and performance of a newly introduced transfemoral self-expanding supra-annular transcatheter heart valve. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement has become an established procedure, and newer transcatheter heart valves aim to supplement the current armamentarium. METHODS: BIOVALVE-I is a prospective, single-center feasibility study enrolling 13 high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, and BIOVALVE-II is a multicenter pilot study enrolling a further 55 patients under the same protocol. RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 82.4 ± 5.3 years, 57.4% had concomitant coronary artery disease, 50.0% had renal insufficiency stage ≥3, 32.4% had diabetes mellitus, 29.4% had current anemia, 19.1% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 19.1% were frail, and 17.6% had prior cerebrovascular events. The primary endpoint, early safety according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 guidelines, was observed in 13 patients (19.1%). One patient (1.5%) died through 30 days of a noncardiac cause, and 4 patients (7.8%) died through 180 days. Disabling stroke occurred at 30 days in 1 patient (1.5%) and at 180 days in 2 patients (3.2%). New permanent pacemakers up to 30 days were implanted in 9 patients (13.4%). Two patients (3.8%) had moderate or severe paravalvular leakage at 30 days and 4 (9.1%) at 6 months, mean effective orifice area was 2.0 ± 0.4 cm2 and 1.9 ± 0.5 cm2, and mean gradient was 6.4 mm Hg at 30 days and 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical outcomes with the Biovalve self-expanding transcatheter heart valve were similar to those seen in other first-in-human studies with first-generation devices for severe aortic stenosis.

5.
Circulation ; 2019 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510787

RESUMO

Background: Valvular heart disease (VHD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity and has been subject to important changes in management. The VHD II survey was designed by the EURObservational Research Programme of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) to analyze actual management of VHD and compare practice with guidelines. Methods: Patients with severe native VHD or previous valvular intervention were enrolled prospectively across 28 countries over a 3-month period in 2017. Indications for intervention were considered concordant if the intervention was performed or scheduled in symptomatic patients, corresponding to Class I recommendations specified in the 2012 ESC and in the 2014 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology VHD guidelines. Results: 7247 patients (4483 hospitalized, 2764 out-patients) were included in 222 centers. Median age was 71 years (interquartile range 62-80); 1917 patients (26.5%) were aged ≥80 years and 3416 were female (47.1%). Severe native VHD was present in 5219 patients (72.0%): aortic stenosis (AS) in 2152 patients (41.2% of native VHD), aortic regurgitation (AR) in 279 (5.3%), mitral stenosis (MS) in 234 (4.5%), mitral regurgitation (MR) in 1114 (21.3%, primary in 746 and secondary in 368) multiple left-sided VHD in 1297 (24.9%) and right-sided VHD in 143 (2.7%). 2028 patients (28.0%) had undergone previous valvular intervention. Intervention was performed in 37.0% and scheduled in 26.8% of patients with native VHD. The decision for intervention was concordant with Class I recommendations in symptomatic patients with severe single left-sided native VHD in 79.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 77.1-81.6%) for AS, 77.6% (95% CI 69.9-84.0%) for AR, 68.5% (95% CI 60.8-75.4%) for MS, and 71.0% (95% CI 66.4-75.3%) for primary MR. Valvular interventions were performed in 2150 patients during the survey; of them, 47.8% of patients with single left-sided native VHD were in New York Heart Association class III or IV. Transcatheter procedures were performed in 38.7% of patients with AS and 16.7% of those with MR. Conclusions: Despite good concordance between Class I recommendations and practice in patients with aortic VHD, the suboptimal figure in mitral VHD and late referral for valvular interventions suggest the need to improve further guideline implementation.

6.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498113

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the impact of a novel antiplatelet regimen in patients with increasing total stent length (TSL). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post-hoc analysis of the Global Leaders trial, a prospective, multi-centre, open-label, randomised trial, investigating the impact of the experimental strategy (one-month dual antiplatelet regimen [DAPT] followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy) versus the reference regimen (12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy) in patients with Biolimus A9-eluting stent (BES). The primary endpoint was the composite of the all-cause death and new Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI), and the secondary endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or 5 bleeding at two years. To investigate the association between total stent length and outcomes, groups were compared in quartiles according to TSL, and the fourth quartile group was at significantly higher ischemic risk at two years. In that stratum (TSL≥ 46mm), the experimental strategy significantly reduced the risk of the primary endpoint (hazard ratio [HR]:0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]:0.49-0.90; Pinteraction=0.043), while demonstrating a similar risk of BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding (HR:0.99; 95% CI:0.66-1.49; Pinteraction =0.975). CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor monotherapy potentially could balance ischemic and bleeding risks, thereby achieving a net clinical benefit in patients with TSL≥ 46 mm with BES.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the novel combined sirolimus-eluting endothelial progenitor cell capture Combo stent (OrbusNeich, Fort Lauderdale, FL) at 5 years in the REMEDEE (Randomized study to Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an abluMinal sirolimus coated bio-Engineered stEnt) trial. BACKGROUND: Drug-eluting stents have limited restenosis and reintervention but are complicated by late and very late thrombosis and accelerated neoatherosclerosis. Alternative or adjunctive technologies are needed to address these limitations. METHODS: A total of 183 patients with de novo lesions in native coronary arteries were randomized 2:1 to Combo (n = 124) or Taxus Liberté (n = 59). Primary endpoint was 9 month angiographic in-stent late lumen loss and the secondary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse events (MACE) through 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: Compared with Taxus, after 5 years the Combo stent was associated with similar rates of MACE (18.3% vs. 16.9%, p = .89), cardiac death (0.8% vs. 5.1%, p = .07), myocardial infarction (4.1% vs. 3.4%, p = .81), target lesion (9.4% vs. 10.2%, p = .78), and target vessel revascularization (14.4% vs. 11.9%, p = .73). No cases of definite stent thrombosis were reported in the Combo group. The follow-up rate at 5 years was 97.7%. CONCLUSION: At 5-year follow-up, the Combo stent remained clinically safe and effective with an overall low rate of MACE comparable to Taxus.

8.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. ; 20(8): 916-924, Ago. 2019. tabela, gráfico, ilustração
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1024905

RESUMO

AIMS : Second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) is an alternative novel device for treating coronary lesions. However, the relationship between in-scaffold dimensions after implantation of DREAMS 2G and vessel healing and luminal results at follow-up is unknown. The aim of this study is, therefore, to investigate whether the expansion index after implantation of DREAMS 2G as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) impacts late luminal status and healing of the vessel wall. METHODS AND RESULTS : This study comprises of a total 65 out of 123 patients who were enrolled in the BIOSOLVE-II trial. We assessed both qualitative and quantitative OCT findings and the expansion index of DREAMS 2G after implantation frame by frame using OCT. Expansion index was defined as minimum scaffold area/mean reference lumen area. The over-expansion group was also defined with expansion index >1.0. The total number of analyzed frames at post-procedure and 6-month follow-up was 8243 and 8263 frames, respectively. At 6-month follow-up, in-scaffold healing was documented by the reduction of 82% in dissections, 93% in attached intra-luminal mass (ILM), 65% in non-attached ILM, and 76% in jailed side branch. The over-expansion group had significantly greater in-scaffold luminal volume loss (LVL) compared with the non-over-expansion group [over-expansion: 35.0 (18.5-52.1) mm3 vs. non-over-expansion: 21.0 (11.6-37.9) mm3, P = 0.039]. CONCLUSION : Excellent in vivo healing process after implantation of DREAMS 2G was observed at 6 months. We found that higher expansion indices were associated with higher in-scaffold LVL at 6 months assessed by OCT. (AU)


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Stents Farmacológicos
10.
EuroIntervention ; 15(11): e1006-e1013, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235458

RESUMO

AIMS: The BIOFLOW-IV clinical trial was designed for regulatory submission in Japan. It assessed the safety and efficacy of a new third-generation sirolimus-eluting stent system with bioresorbable polymer (Orsiro, BP-SES) compared with an everolimus-eluting stent system with permanent polymer (XIENCE Prime/Xpedition, PP-EES). METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective, international, multicentre, 2:1 randomised, non-inferiority trial enrolled 575 patients (385 BP-SES and 190 PP-EES) with 659 stenotic de novo lesions. Of these, 137 patients (23.8%) were Japanese. Follow-up until five years is ongoing. We herein report outcomes at 12 months. Baseline parameters were well balanced. Device success was 98.9% for BP-SES versus 99.6% for PP-EES, p=0.670. Non-inferiority related to 12-month target vessel failure was met (pnon-inferiority <0.001). Further, there was no significant difference in clinical outcomes between the groups. The target vessel failure rate was 5.5% for BP-SES and 7.5% for PP-EES, the target lesion failure rate was 4.2% versus 5.4%, and the definite or probable stent thrombosis rate was 0.8% versus 0%. CONCLUSIONS: The randomised BIOFLOW-IV trial provides further evidence on the safety and efficacy of the Orsiro BP-SES and its non-inferiority to the current benchmark, an everolimus-eluting permanent polymer stent. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01939249.

11.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 392-398, May 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1006900

RESUMO

Introduction and objective: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drugeluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. Methods: The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months. The EVR study performed a segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. Results: The segment-level grayscale IVUS (n=10), virtual histology IVUS (n=10), and OCT (n=18) analysis did not showany significant changes after 12months, except for a fibrous plaque area (FPA) reduction of 0.5mm2 (p=0.017) in the proximal segment compared to baseline. In the frame-level analysis, IVUS evaluation revealed a vessel area decreased 2.80 ± 1.43 mm2 (p = 0.012) and 2.49 ± 1.53 mm2 (p = 0.022) in 2 proximal frames. This was accompanied by plaque area reduction of 0.88 ± 0.70 mm2 (p = 0.048) and a FPA decreased by 0.63 ± 0.48mm2 (p = 0.004) in one proximal frame. In 1 distal frame, there was a dense calcium area reduction of 0.10 ± 0.12 mm2 (p = 0.045), FPA and fibrous fatty plaque increased 0.54 ± 0.53 mm2 (p = 0.023) and 0.17 ± 0.16 mm2 (p = 0.016), respectively. By OCT, there was a lumen area decrease of 0.76 ± 1.51 mm2 (p = 0.045) in a distal frame. Conclusion: At 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment. This could be translated as a benign healing process a the edges of the RMS. Summary: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds (RMS), such as Magmaris. Patients treated with the device were assessed by multi invasive imagingmodalities [i.e. optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS] evaluating the tissue changes over timein the segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. As a result, after 12months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment, translating a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
12.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 392-398, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079817

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting Resorbable Magnesium Scaffold (RMS), such as Magmaris. The aim of the study was to evaluate tissue modifications in the RMS edges over time, assessed by different invasive imaging modalities. METHODS: The patients treated with the device were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS at baseline and 12 months. The EVR study performed a segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. RESULTS: The segment-level grayscale IVUS (n = 10), virtual histology IVUS (n = 10), and OCT (n = 18) analysis did not show any significant changes after 12 months, except for a fibrous plaque area (FPA) reduction of 0.5mm2 (p = 0.017) in the proximal segment compared to baseline. In the frame-level analysis, IVUS evaluation revealed a vessel area decreased 2.80 ±â€¯1.43 mm2 (p = 0.012) and 2.49 ±â€¯1.53 mm2 (p = 0.022) in 2 proximal frames. This was accompanied by plaque area reduction of 0.88 ±â€¯0.70 mm2 (p = 0.048) and a FPA decreased by 0.63 ±â€¯0.48 mm2 (p = 0.004) in one proximal frame. In 1 distal frame, there was a dense calcium area reduction of 0.10 ±â€¯0.12 mm2 (p = 0.045), FPA and fibrous fatty plaque increased 0.54 ±â€¯0.53 mm2 (p = 0.023) and 0.17 ±â€¯0.16 mm2 (p = 0.016), respectively. By OCT, there was a lumen area decrease of 0.76 ±â€¯1.51 mm2 (p = 0.045) in a distal frame. CONCLUSION: At 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment. This could be translated as a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS. SUMMARY: The edge vascular response (EVR) remains unknown in second generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffolds (RMS), such as Magmaris. Patients treated with the device were assessed by multi invasive imaging modalities [i.e. optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and virtual histology IVUS] evaluating the tissue changes over time in the segment- and frame-level analysis of the 5 mm segments proximal and distal of the actual RMS. As a result, after 12 months, Magmaris EVR assessment does not show overall significant changes, except for a fibrous plaque area reduction in the proximal segment, translating a benign healing process at the edges of the RMS.

13.
Circulation ; 140(3): 240-261, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116032

RESUMO

Identification and management of patients at high bleeding risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are of major importance, but a lack of standardization in defining this population limits trial design, data interpretation, and clinical decision-making. The Academic Research Consortium for High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) is a collaboration among leading research organizations, regulatory authorities, and physician-scientists from the United States, Asia, and Europe focusing on percutaneous coronary intervention-related bleeding. Two meetings of the 31-member consortium were held in Washington, DC, in April 2018 and in Paris, France, in October 2018. These meetings were organized by the Cardiovascular European Research Center on behalf of the ARC-HBR group and included representatives of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, as well as observers from the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. A consensus definition of patients at high bleeding risk was developed that was based on review of the available evidence. The definition is intended to provide consistency in defining this population for clinical trials and to complement clinical decision-making and regulatory review. The proposed ARC-HBR consensus document represents the first pragmatic approach to a consistent definition of high bleeding risk in clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of devices and drug regimens for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

14.
Eur Heart J ; 40(31): 2632-2653, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116395

RESUMO

Identification and management of patients at high bleeding risk undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention are of major importance, but a lack of standardization in defining this population limits trial design, data interpretation, and clinical decision-making. The Academic Research Consortium for High Bleeding Risk (ARC-HBR) is a collaboration among leading research organizations, regulatory authorities, and physician-scientists from the United States, Asia, and Europe focusing on percutaneous coronary intervention-related bleeding. Two meetings of the 31-member consortium were held in Washington, DC, in April 2018 and in Paris, France, in October 2018. These meetings were organized by the Cardiovascular European Research Center on behalf of the ARC-HBR group and included representatives of the US Food and Drug Administration and the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, as well as observers from the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. A consensus definition of patients at high bleeding risk was developed that was based on review of the available evidence. The definition is intended to provide consistency in defining this population for clinical trials and to complement clinical decision-making and regulatory review. The proposed ARC-HBR consensus document represents the first pragmatic approach to a consistent definition of high bleeding risk in clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of devices and drug regimens for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

15.
Am. j. cardiol ; 123(7): 1045-1051, Apr. 2019. tabela, ilustraçao, grafico
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022205

RESUMO

Second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) is used for treating coronary lesions. However, the natural history of the jailed side-branch (SB) after DREAMS 2G implantation remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of scaffold struts on jailed SBs as assessed by 3-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT) after implantation of DREAMS 2G. We enrolled the patients who received a DREAMS 2G implantation and where OCT was performed at postprocedure and 12-month follow-up in the BIOSOLVE-II trial. The area of the ostium of jailed SBs and number of compartments divided by scaffold struts were assessed by cut-plane analysis using 3D OCT. A total of 24 patients with 61 jailed SBs were analyzed in this study. The number of compartments was significantly decreased (postprocedure; 1.98 +/- 0.84 vs 12 months; 1.10 +/- 0.30, p <0.001) during the 12 months. Since most of the struts disappeared, the ostium area was increased in 62% of jailed SBs at 12 months, however, not significantly different from postprocedure (postprocedure; 0.74 [0.34 to 1.46] mm(2) vs 12 months; 0.78 [0.41 to 1.68] mm(2), p=0.055). The number of compartments created by scaffold struts and branching angle at postprocedure had no effect on the changes of SB ostium área. DREAMS 2G has a favorable absorption process in the jailed SBs up to 12 months and may be considered as an optional therapy for treating lesions that involve SBs. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Stents Farmacológicos
17.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803936

RESUMO

AIMS: We evaluated the safety and performance of a magnesium-based sirolimus-eluting metal scaffold at 3-year follow-up to assess vessel response 2 years beyond scaffold resorption. METHODS AND RESULTS: BIOSOLVE-II is an international, multi-center first-in man study, including 123 patients with de novo lesions. Pre-dilatation was mandatory and post-dilatation was left to the discretion of the investigators. Dual antiplatelet therapy was recommended for 6 months. At 3 years, 91.1% of patients were angina-free and 8.0% were on dual antiplatelet therapy. Target lesion failure rate was 6.8% (n=8; 2 cardiac deaths, 1 target-vessel myocardial infarction and 5 target lesion revascularizations). No probable or definite scaffold thrombosis was observed. Imaging follow-up was voluntary and serial angiographic assessment at 6, 12, and 36 months was available in 25 patients. In these, a slight increase in in-segment and in-scaffold late lumen loss and diameter stenosis was observed between 12 and 36 months (by 0.11±0.28mm and 0.13±0.30mm for late lumen loss, and by 3.8±10.1% and 4.1±10.2% for diameter stenosis). CONCLUSIONS: Two years beyond the resorption period of a sirolimus-eluting bioresorbable metal scaffold built from a proprietary magnesium alloy, complication rates remained low. In the patients with serial angiographic assessment, late lumen loss and diameter stenosis did not increase substantially beyond the resorption period.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(7): 1044-1051, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683424

RESUMO

Second-generation drug-eluting absorbable metal scaffold (DREAMS 2G) is used for treating coronary lesions. However, the natural history of the jailed side-branch (SB) after DREAMS 2G implantation remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of scaffold struts on jailed SBs as assessed by 3-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT) after implantation of DREAMS 2G. We enrolled the patients who received a DREAMS 2G implantation and where OCT was performed at postprocedure and 12-month follow-up in the BIOSOLVE-II trial. The area of the ostium of jailed SBs and number of compartments divided by scaffold struts were assessed by cut-plane analysis using 3D OCT. A total of 24 patients with 61 jailed SBs were analyzed in this study. The number of compartments was significantly decreased (postprocedure; 1.98 ± 0.84 vs 12 months; 1.10 ± 0.30, p <0.001) during the 12 months. Since most of the struts disappeared, the ostium area was increased in 62% of jailed SBs at 12 months, however, not significantly different from postprocedure (postprocedure; 0.74 [0.34 to 1.46] mm2 vs 12 months; 0.78 [0.41 to 1.68] mm2, p = 0.055). The number of compartments created by scaffold struts and branching angle at postprocedure had no effect on the changes of SB ostium area. DREAMS 2G has a favorable absorption process in the jailed SBs up to 12 months and may be considered as an optional therapy for treating lesions that involve SBs.

20.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(10): 858-864, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to evaluate in an in vitro setting the behavior of resorbable magnesium scaffolds (RMS) in bifurcations. BACKGROUND: As coronary bifurcations represent an important portion of all PCIs, it is crucial to understand whether RMS is applicable in these complex lesions. METHODS: Performance of RMS was evaluated with focus on bifurcations. In bifurcations RMS was tested for (1) main branch stenting with side branch opening and proximal optimization; for (2) main branch stenting with final kissing and proximal optimization; for (3) T-and-protrusion technique; for (4) string technique, which is a minimalistic version of conventional culotte technique. All tests were performed using 3.50 × 25 mm RMS. Results were evaluated by fluoroscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and micro-computed tomography (µCT), for scaffold conformability, strut apposition, structural deformation and strut fracture. RESULTS: All planned procedural steps were performed successfully with good result according to fluoroscopy. By OCT the overall malapposition rate in bifurcation cases was 4.3%, occurring predominantly in the carinal area. No malapposition was seen at the proximal main branch confirming proper conformability of RMS. µCT analysis has shown that final kissing dilation resulted in fully stretched struts in cases, where performed with 3.5 and 3.0 mm balloons. In one case a broken connector (T-and-protrusion) and in another case, a broken strut (String technique) were identified. CONCLUSIONS: RMS can structurally cope with bifurcations. Still, for cases and techniques where overexpansion beyond the recommended limit is needed, RMS might not be the proper device due to risk of strut fracture.

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