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1.
J Dermatol ; 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492757

RESUMO

The stratum corneum (SC) of the epidermis acts as a skin permeability barrier, and abnormalities in SC formation lead to several skin disorders. Lipids, especially the epidermis-specific ceramide classes ω-O-acylceramides (acylceramides) and protein-bound ceramides, are essential for skin barrier formation. Ceramide synthase 3 (CERS3) is involved in the synthesis of acylceramides and protein-bound ceramides, and CERS3 mutations cause autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis. In the present study, we measured ceramide synthase activity and performed comprehensive SC ceramide profiling in an ichthyosis patient with compound heterozygous CERS3 mutations: nonsense mutation p.Arg75* and missense mutation p.Arg229His. The activity of p.Arg75* and p.Arg229His mutant CERS3 proteins was reduced to 4% and 56%, respectively, of the wild-type protein. In the patient's SC, acylceramide levels were greatly reduced, but the levels of protein-bound ceramides remained almost unchanged. Non-acylated ceramide levels were also affected in the patient; in particular, the levels of ceramides composed of sphingosine and non-hydroxy or α-hydroxy fatty acid were substantially higher than in healthy controls. These results suggest that a reduction in acylceramide levels alone leads to ichthyosis. Although protein-bound ceramides are synthesized from acylceramides, levels of acylceramides and protein-bound ceramides are not necessarily correlated.

2.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393716

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Ifosfamide, an alkylating agent, is widely used in the treatment of malignant diseases. However, these treatments are often limited due to the incidence of neuropsychiatric symptoms such as delirium, seizures, hallucinations and agitation. In this study, we examined risk factors for neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients receiving ifosfamide-based chemotherapy. METHODS: The study cases were patients with cancer receiving ifosfamide-based chemotherapy between April 2007 and March 2018. Risk analysis for ifosfamide-related neuropsychiatric symptoms was determined by time-dependent Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Of 183 eligible patients, 32 patients (17.5%) experienced ifosfamide-related neuropsychiatric symptoms. Time-dependent Cox proportional hazard model showed that the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score was significantly correlated with the incidence of ifosfamide-related neuropsychiatric symptoms (hazard ratio [HR] =1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.05-2.01, p = 0.025). Additionally, there were correlations between the predicted risk of neuropsychiatric symptoms and ifosfamide-dose per cycle (HR =0.51, 95% CI = 0.27-0.94, p = 0.030) and creatinine clearance (Ccr) (HR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.28-1.00, p = 0.050). In contrast, neither serum albumin nor total bilirubin was a significant risk factor for neuropsychiatric symptoms. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that ALBI score may be a useful biomarker for predicting neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients receiving ifosfamide-based chemotherapy.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21474, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293588

RESUMO

Gene editing using CRISPR/Cas9 is a promising method to cure many human genetic diseases. We have developed an efficient system to deliver Cas9 into the adeno-associated virus integration site 1 (AAVS1) locus, known as a safe harbor, using lentivirus and AAV viral vectors, as a step toward future in vivo transduction. First, we introduced Cas9v1 (derived from Streptococcus pyogenes) at random into the genome using a lentiviral vector. Cas9v1 activity was used when the N-terminal 1.9 kb, and C-terminal 2.3 kb fragments of another Cas9v2 (human codon-optimized) were employed sequentially with specific single-guide RNAs (sgRNAs) and homology donors carried by AAV vectors into the AAVS1 locus. Then, Cas9v1 was removed from the genome by another AAV vector containing sgRNA targeting the long terminal repeat of the lentivirus vector. The reconstituted Cas9v2 in the AAVS1 locus was functional and gene editing was efficient.

5.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112440, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359470

RESUMO

Neurons require adhesive scaffolds for their growth and differentiation. Laminins are a major cell adhesive component of basement membranes and have various biological activities in the peripheral and central nervous systems. Here, we evaluated the biological activities of 5 peptides derived from laminin-111 as a scaffold for mouse neuroblastoma Neuro2a cells and rat neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs). The 5 peptides showed Neuro2a cell attachment activity similar to that of poly-d-lysine. However, when NPCs were cultured on the peptides, 2 syndecan-binding peptides, AG73 (RKRLQVQLSIRT, mouse laminin α1 chain 2719-2730) and C16 (KAFDITYVRLKF, laminin γ1 chain 139-150), demonstrated significantly higher cell attachment and neurite extension activities than other peptides including integrin-binding ones. Long-term cell culture experiments showed that both AG73 and C16 supported the growth of neurons and astrocytes that had differentiated from NPCs. Furthermore, C16 markedly promoted the expression of neuronal markers such as synaptosomal-associated protein-25 and syntaxin 1A. These results indicate that AG73 and C16 are useful for NPC cultures and that C16 can be applied to specialized research on synapses in differentiated neurons. These peptides have the potential for use as valuable biomaterials for NPC research.

6.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 581915, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177984

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia induces neuronal cell death and causes various kinds of brain dysfunction. Therefore, prevention of neuronal cell death is most essential for protection of the brain. On the other hand, it has been reported that epigenetics including DNA methylation plays a pivotal role in pathogenesis of some diseases such as cancer. Accumulating evidences indicate that aberrant DNA methylation is related to cell death. However, DNA methylation after cerebral ischemia has not been fully understood yet. The aim of this present study was to investigate the relationships between DNA methylation and neuronal cell death after cerebral ischemia. We examined DNA methylation under the ischemic condition by using transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) model rats and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-treated cortical neurons in primary culture. In this study, we demonstrated that DNA methylation increased in these neurons 24 h after MCAO/R and that DNA methylation, possibly through activation of DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) 3a, increased in such neurons immediately after NMDA treatment. Furthermore, NMDA-treated neurons were protected by treatment with a DNMT inhibitor that were accompanied by inhibition of DNA methylation. Our results showed that DNA methylation would be an initiation factor of neuronal cell death and that inhibition of such methylation could become an effective therapeutic strategy for stroke.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206516

RESUMO

The preparation of a series of dibenzo- and tetrabenzo-fused fluoreno[3,2-b]fluorenes is disclosed, and the diradicaloid properties of these molecules are compared with those of a similar, previously reported series of anthracene-based diradicaloids. Insights on the diradical mode of delocalization tuning by constitutional isomerism of the external naphthalenes has been explored by means of the physical approach (dissection of the electronic properties in terms of electronic repulsion and transfer integral) of diradicals. This study has also been extended to the redox species of the two series of compounds and found that the radical cations have the same stabilization mode by delocalization that the neutral diradicals while the radical anions, contrarily, are stabilized by aromatization of the central core. The synthesis of the fluorenofluorene series and their characterization by electronic absorption and vibrational Raman spectroscopies, X-ray diffraction, SQUID measurements, electrochemistry, in situ UV-vis-NIR absorption spectroelectrochemistry, and theoretical calculations are presented. This work attempts to unify the properties of different series of diradicaloids in a common argument as well as the properties of the carbocations and carbanions derived from them.

8.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017014

RESUMO

This prospective multicenter non-randomized phase III study aims to evaluate the long-term outcome of sentinel node navigation surgery for early gastric cancer compared with conventional distal or total gastrectomy. Clinically diagnosed primary T1N0M0 gastric cancer patients with a single lesion (≤40 mm) and without previous endoscopic treatment will be enrolled in this study. Sentinel nodes are identified by dye and radioisotope tracers and are subjected to intraoperative rapid pathology. For patients with negative sentinel node metastasis, individualized surgery consisting of limited stomach resection and sentinel node basin dissection is performed, while standard gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection is employed for the positive sentinel node patients. A total of 225 patients will be accrued from 13 hospitals that have experience in sentinel node mapping. The primary endpoint is 5-year relapse-free survival. The secondary endpoints are overall survival, sentinel node detection rate, diagnostic accuracy for sentinel node, distribution of sentinel nodes and metastatic sentinel node/non-sentinel node, and postoperative quality of life.

9.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32984946

RESUMO

Oral mucositis is a common and distressing complication in patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We reported previously in a single-center retrospective analysis that zinc-L-carnosine (polaprezinc, PZ) reduced the incidence of oral mucositis associated with HSCT. To verify the accuracy of the prophylactic effect of PZ against oral mucositis, we carried out a multi-institutional prospective randomized controlled study. Patients were randomly allocated to either the prevention group, in which PZ lozenge treatment was started before chemotherapy, or the control group, in which administration of PZ lozenges was initiated immediately after the onset of Grade 2 oral mucositis. Oral mucositis was evaluated daily from the start of chemotherapy to 35 days after transplantation. A total of 91 patients were enrolled, and 88 patients (47 in the control group and 41 in the prevention group) were eligible for data analysis. The incidence of Grade ≥ 2 but not Grade ≥ 3 oral mucositis was significantly reduced in the prevention group compared to the control group (44.7% in control group vs 22.0% in the prevention group, P = 0.025). There were no significant differences in the incidence rates of other adverse events or the rate of engraftment (95.6% vs 97.2%, P = 0.693) between the two groups. These findings suggest that PZ lozenge is effective for prophylaxis against Grade ≥ 2 oral mucositis associated with chemotherapy in patients undergoing HSCT without any influence on the HSCT outcome. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 213, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophagostomy is important in the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, esophagectomy has a higher risk of postoperative complications. Treatment for complications is often difficult, and in some cases, oral intake is no longer possible. Recently, magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) was developed; it is a relatively safe method of anastomosis that does not require surgery in patients with stricture, obstruction, or dehiscence of the anastomosis after surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 76-year-old Japanese man. He underwent esophagectomy with a three-field dissection for esophageal cancer. A cervical esophagostomy and chest drainage were performed for necrosis of the gastric tube. Following infection control, colon interposition was performed. However, after the operation, the colon necrotized and formed an abscess. Drainage controlled the infection, but the colon was completely obstructed. The patient was referred to our hospital to restore oral ingestion. Contrast studies showed that the length of the occlusion was 10 mm. The reconstruction was examined; reanastomosis by surgery was judged to be a high risk, so the strategy of anastomosis by MCA was adopted. In the operation, the anterior chest was opened to expose the colon, and a magnet was inserted directly into the blind end of the colon. The magnet was guided to the blind end of the esophagus using an oral endoscope. Two weeks after MCA, a contrast study confirmed the passage of the contrast agent from the esophagus to the colon. The patient eventually took 18 bougies after the MCA. However, since then, he has not needed a bougie. As of 1 year and 8 months after the MCA, the patient is living at home with oral intake restored. CONCLUSIONS: MCA is an effective and safe treatment for complete stenosis after esophageal cancer surgery.

11.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(8)2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785100

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), liver-related mortality, and liver transplantation. There is sufficient epidemiological cohort data to recommend the surveillance of patients with NAFLD based upon the incidence of HCC. The American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) expert review published in 2020 recommends that NAFLD patients with cirrhosis or advanced fibrosis estimated by non-invasive tests (NITs) consider HCC surveillance. NITs include the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index, the enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test, FibroScan, and MR elastography. The recommended surveillance modality is abdominal ultrasound (US), which is cost effective and noninvasive with good sensitivity. However, US is limited in obese patients and those with NAFLD. In NAFLD patients with a high likelihood of having an inadequate US, or if an US is attempted but inadequate, CT or MRI may be utilized. The GALAD score, consisting of age, gender, AFP, the lens culinaris-agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3), and the protein induced by the absence of vitamin K or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II), can help identify a high risk of HCC in NAFLD patients. Innovative parameters, including a Mac-2 binding protein glycated isomer, type IV collagen 7S, free apoptosis inhibitor of the macrophage, and a combination of single nucleoside polymorphisms, are expected to be established. Considering the large size of the NAFLD population, optimal screening tests must meet several criteria, including high sensitivity, cost effectiveness, and availability.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1087, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765280

RESUMO

Novel therapeutic strategies for breast cancer are urgently needed due to the sustained development of drug resistance and tumor recurrence. Trivalent arsenic derivative (arsenite, AsIII) has been reported to induce cytotoxicity in breast cancer cells. We recently demonstrated that AsIII plus tetrandrine (Tetra), a Chinese plant-derived alkaloid, exerted potent antitumor activity against human breast cancer cells, however, the underlying mechanisms for their action have not been well defined. In order to provide fundamental insights for understanding the action of AsIII plus Tetra, the effects of the combined regimen on two breast cancer cell lines T47D and MDA-MB-231 were evaluated. Compared to T47D cells, MDA-MB-231 cells were much more susceptible to the synergistic cytotoxic effects of AsIII and Tetra. Besides the induction of apoptotic/necrotic cell death, S-phase arrest and autophagic cell death were also observed in MDA-MB-231 cells. Exposure of MDA-MB-231 cells to AsIII and Tetra caused the activation of MAPKs. Cytotoxicity of the combined regimen in MDA-MB-231 cell was significantly abrogated by SP600125, a potent c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor. However, similar abrogation was not caused by p38 and ERK inhibitors. The addition of either autophagy inhibitors (3-methyladenine or wortmannin) or SP600125 corrected the combined regimen-triggered S-phase arrest, whereas had little effect on the apoptosis/necrosis induction in the cells. Surprisingly, SP600125NC, a negative control for SP600125, significantly strengthened S-phase arrest and the cytotoxicity induced by the combined regimen. The addition of SP600125 did not alter autophagy induction. In conclusion, the cytotoxicity of AsIII combined with Tetra was attributed to the induction of S-phase arrest, apoptotic/necrotic and autophagic cell death. The enhanced cytotoxicity of the two drugs by SP600125NC might be explained by its capability to strengthen S-phase arrest. Our results suggested that JNK and autophagy independently contributed to the cytotoxicity via modulating cell cycle progression. The study further provides fundamental insights for the development of AsIII in combination with Tetra for patients with different types of breast cancer.

13.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696619

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic bariatric procedures have been performed in Japan since 2000. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been fully covered by National Health Insurance since 2014, and it has been increasingly performed recently. The Japan Consortium of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery conducts a nationwide survey on laparoscopic bariatric/metabolic surgery every 2 years. METHODS: The survey was sent by post or email to 97 Japanese institutions in January 2020. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2019, a total of 3669 laparoscopic bariatric/metabolic procedures were performed in 64 institutions. The most popular procedure was LSG (n = 2866), followed by LSG with duodenojejunal bypass (LSG-DJB, n = 337) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n = 280). Morbidity and reoperation rates were, respectively, 29.8% and 11.8% for LRYGB, 16.8% and 2.8% for LSG, and 13.6% and 6.6% for LSG-DJB. At 5 years after the procedures, the percentage of excess weight loss was 78% for LRYGB, 66% for LSG, and 80% for LSG-DJB. CONCLUSION: This nationwide survey clearly showed that laparoscopic bariatric/metabolic surgery has been safely and effectively performed for 20 years in Japan.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(14)2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668632

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with diabetic nephropathy as well as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which can be called "diabetic hepatopathy or diabetic liver disease". NASH, a severe form of nonalcoholic fatty disease (NAFLD), can sometimes progress to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and hepatic failure. T2D patients are at higher risk for liver-related mortality compared with the nondiabetic population. NAFLD is closely associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetic nephropathy according to cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. Simultaneous kidney liver transplantation (SKLT) is dramatically increasing in the United States, because NASH-related cirrhosis often complicates end-stage renal disease. Growing evidence suggests that NAFLD and CKD share common pathogenetic mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are expected to ameliorate NASH and diabetic nephropathy/CKD. There are no approved therapies for NASH, but a variety of drug pipelines are now under development. Several agents of them can also ameliorate diabetic nephropathy/CKD, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors agonists, apoptosis signaling kinase 1 inhibitor, nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 activator, C-C chemokine receptor types 2/5 antagonist and nonsteroidal mineral corticoid receptor antagonist. This review focuses on common drug pipelines in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy and hepatopathy.

15.
Viruses ; 12(7)2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635194

RESUMO

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an enveloped virus that enters host cells and transits within the endosomes before starting its replication cycle, the precise mechanism of which is yet to be elucidated. Endocytosis and endosome acidification inhibitors inhibit infection by CHIKV, murine leukemia virus (MLV), or SARS-coronavirus, indicating that these viral entries into host cells occur through endosomes and require endosome acidification. Although endosomal cathepsin B protease is necessary for MLV, Ebola virus, and SARS-CoV infections, its role in CHIKV infection is unknown. Our results revealed that endocytosis inhibitors attenuated CHIKV-pseudotyped MLV vector infection in 293T cells but not in TE671 cells. In contrast, macropinocytosis inhibitors attenuated CHIKV-pseudotyped MLV vector infection in TE671 cells but not in 293T cells, suggesting that CHIKV host cell entry occurs via endocytosis or macropinocytosis, depending on the cell lines used. Cathepsin B inhibitor and knockdown by an shRNA suppressed CHIKV-pseudotyped MLV vector infection both in 293T and TE671 cells. These results show that cathepsin B facilitates CHIKV infection regardless of the entry pathway.


Assuntos
Catepsina B/metabolismo , Febre de Chikungunya/patologia , Vírus Chikungunya/fisiologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus , Catepsina B/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Endocitose/fisiologia , Endossomos/virologia , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Vírus da Leucemia Murina/fisiologia , Pinocitose/fisiologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
16.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234180, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511278

RESUMO

The autophagy-endolysosomal pathway is an evolutionally conserved degradation system that is tightly linked to a wide variety of physiological processes. Dysfunction of this system is associated with many pathological conditions such as cancer, inflammation and neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, monitoring the cellular autophagy-endolysosomal activity is crucial for studies on the pathogenesis as well as therapeutics of such disorders. To this end, we here sought to create a novel means exploiting Keima, an acid-stable fluorescent protein possessing pH-dependent fluorescence excitation spectra, for precisely monitoring the autophagy-endolysosomal system. First, we generated three lines of transgenic (tg) mouse expressing monomeric Keima-fused MAP1LC3B (mKeima-LC3B). Then, these tg mice were subjected to starvation by food-restriction, and also challenged to neurodegeneration by genetically crossing with a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; i.e., SOD1H46R transgenic mouse. Unexpectedly, despite that a lipidated-form of endogenous LC3 (LC3-II) was significantly increased, those of mKeima-LC3B (mKeima-LC3B-II) were not changed under both stressed conditions. It was also noted that mKeima-LC3B-positive aggregates were progressively accumulated in the spinal cord of SOD1H46R;mKeima-LC3B double-tg mice, suggestive of acid-resistance and aggregate-prone natures of long-term overexpressed mKeima-LC3B in vivo. Next, we characterized mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from mKeima-LC3B-tg mice. In contrast with in vivo, levels of mKeima-LC3B-I were decreased under starved conditions. Furthermore, when starved MEFs were treated with chloroquine (CQ), the abundance of mKeima-LC3B-II was significantly increased. Remarkably, when cultured medium was repeatedly changed between DMEM (nutrient-rich) and EBSS (starvation), acidic/neutral signal ratios of mKeima-LC3B-positive compartments were rapidly and reversibly shifted, which were suppressed by the CQ treatment, indicating that intraluminal pH of mKeima-LC3B-positive vesicles was changeable upon nutritional conditions of culture media. Taken together, although mKeima-LC3B-tg mice may not be an appropriate tool to monitor the autophagy-endolysosomal system in vivo, mKeima-LC3B must be one of the most sensitive reporter molecules for monitoring this system under in vitro cultured conditions.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Endossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Endossomos/genética , Feminino , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Lisossomos/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Mutação , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Inanição , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Imagem com Lapso de Tempo
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411688

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-based viral vector is widely used as a biomaterial to transfer a gene of interest into target cells in many biological study fields including gene therapy. Vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV-G)-containing HIV-1 vector much more efficiently transduces various mammalian cells than other viral envelope proteins-containing vectors. Understanding the mechanism would contribute to development of a novel method of efficient HIV-1 vector production. HIV-1 vector is generally constructed by transient transfection of human 293T or African green monkey COS7 cells. It was found in this study that HIV-1 Gag protein is constitutively digested in lysosomes of African green monkey cells. Surprisingly, VSV-G elevated HIV-1 Gag protein levels, suggesting that VSV-G protects Gag protein from the lysosomal degradation. Unphosphorylated ezrin, but not phosphorylated ezrin, was detected in COS7 cells, and ezrin silencing elevated Gag protein levels in the presence of VSV-G. Expression of unphosphorylated ezrin reduced Gag protein amounts. These results indicate that unphosphorylated ezrin proteins inhibit the VSV-G-mediated stabilization of HIV-1 Gag protein. Trafficking of HIV-1 Gag-associated intracellular vesicles may be controlled by ezrin. Finally, this study found that ezrin silencing yields higher amount of VSV-G-pseudotyped HIV-1 vector.

18.
Clin Case Rep ; 8(2): 347-350, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128186

RESUMO

We report a patient of stage IV lung adenocarcinoma who developed ileus due to peritoneal carcinomatosis. We placed an ileus tube and started an oral intake of osimertinib. Within one month, the tumor had shrunk, and the ileus was controlled.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109812, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945696

RESUMO

Wu-tou decoction (WTD), a classic Traditional Chinese medicine formula, has been extensively used in the treatment of neuropathic pain (NP) such as chronic inflammatory pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and cancer-induced pain. Our previous studies have shown that the severity of mechanical allodynia and thermo hypersensitivity in NP rats are reduced by WTD, of which analgesic candidates are paeoniflorin (Pae) and liquiritin (Liq). The aim of this study was to clarify the molecular mechanisms of WTD, Pae and Liq against NP based on the primary rat glial cells in vitro. The gene expression levels of neurotrophic factors such as nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and Artemin and C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) were augmented by inflammatory cytokines, while chemokines increased only CCR5 gene expression. The constitutive and cytokine-augmented neurotrophic factor gene expression was enhanced by WTD, Pae, and Liq through PI3K- and PKA-dependent pathways in rat glial cells, leading to the increase of NGF and BDNF production. Furthermore, the CCR5 gene expression under basal and chemokine-treated conditions was suppressed by these reagents, in which signal pathway(s) was independent on the activation of PI3K and PKA. Moreover, there was no cytotoxicity in the WTD, Pae, and Liq treatments in glial cells. Thus, these results provide a novel evidence that WTD may exert the anti-NP actions by predominantly increasing the production of neurotrophic factors through PI3K- and PKA-signaling pathways in rat glial cells. Furthermore, Pae and Liq may play as analgesic candidates in WTD-mediated NP management.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neuroglia/metabolismo , Neuroglia/patologia , Receptores CCR5/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , Neuralgia/genética , Neuralgia/patologia , Neuroglia/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores CCR5/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Anal Sci ; 36(1): 17-25, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761808

RESUMO

Dibenzazepine-containing polymers were prepared by various polymerization methods and the effects of adding the obtained polymers to plastics were investigated. Dibenzazepine homopolymers were prepared by the oxidative polymerization of commercially available dibenzazepine derivatives and by the dehalogenative polymerization of corresponding dibromodibenzazepines. Dibenzazepine copolymers were prepared from dibromodibenzazepines. The addition of polymers to plastics afforded fluorescent function to them. The fluorescent behavior of a blend composite depended not only on the chemical structure of the polymers, but also on the plastic used as the matrix. The effects of adding dibenzazepine-containing polymer in plastic blends were investigated. When the compatibility of the plastic blend was higher, the fluorescence λmax of the blend became shorter. This suggested that the method using a dibenzazepine-containing polymer is adaptive for estimating of the compatibility of the blend composite by the simple method.

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