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1.
J Toxicol Sci ; 46(8): 359-369, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334557

RESUMO

Predicting drug-induced side effects in the cardiovascular system is very important because it can lead to the discontinuation of new drugs/candidates or the withdrawal of marketed drugs. Although chronic assessment of cardiac contractility is an important issue in safety pharmacology, an in vitro evaluation system has not been fully developed. We previously developed an imaging-based contractility assay system to detect acute cardiotoxicity using human iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). To extend the system to chronic toxicity assessment, we examined the effects of the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) drug candidate BMS-986094, a guanosine nucleotide analogue, which was withdrawn from phase 2 clinical trials because of unexpected contractility toxicities. Additionally, we examined sofosbuvir, another nucleotide analogue inhibitor of HCV that has been approved as an anti-HCV drug. Motion imaging analysis revealed the difference in cardiotoxicity between the cardiotoxic BMS-986094 and the less toxic sofosbuvir in hiPSC-CMs, with a minimum of 4 days of treatment. In addition, we found that BMS-986094-induced contractility impairment was mediated by a decrease in calcium transient. These data suggest that chronic treatment improves the predictive power for the cardiotoxicity of anti-HCV drugs. Thus, hiPSC-CMs can be a useful tool to assess drug-induced chronic cardiotoxicity in non-clinical settings.

2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2320: 151-160, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302656

RESUMO

Human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology paves the way for next-generation drug-safety assessment. In particular, human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes, which exhibit electrical activity, are useful as a human cell model for assessing QT-interval prolongation and the risk of the lethal arrhythmia Torsade de Pointes (TdP). In addition to proarrhythmia assay, contractile behavior has received increased attention in drug development. In this study, we developed a novel high-throughput in vitro assay system using motion vectors to evaluate the contractile activity of iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes as a physiologically relevant human platform. The methods presented here highlight the use of commercially available iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes, iCell cardiomyocytes, for contractility evaluation recorded by the motion vector system.


Assuntos
Bioensaio/métodos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Síndrome do QT Longo/terapia , Torsades de Pointes/terapia
3.
Toxicol Sci ; 183(1): 227-239, 2021 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142159

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to spread across the globe, with numerous clinical trials underway seeking to develop and test effective COVID-19 therapies, including remdesivir. Several ongoing studies have reported hydroxychloroquine-induced cardiotoxicity, including development of torsade de pointes (TdP). Meanwhile, human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) are expected to serve as a tool for assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity, such as TdP and contraction impairment. However, the cardiotoxicity of COVID-19 treatments has not been fully assessed using hiPSC-CMs. In this study, we focused on drug repurposing with various modes of actions and examined the TdP risk associated with COVID-19 treatments using field potential using multi-electrode array system and motion analysis with hiPSC-CMs. Hydroxychloroquine induced early after depolarization, while remdesivir, favipiravir, camostat, and ivermectin had little effect on field potentials. We then analyzed electromechanical window, which is defined as the difference between field potential and contraction-relaxation durations. Hydroxychloroquine decreased electromechanical window of hiPSC-CMs in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, other drugs had little effect. Our data suggest that hydroxychloroquine has proarrhythmic risk and other drugs have low proarrhythmic risk. Thus, hiPSC-CMs represent a useful tool for assessing the comprehensive cardiotoxicity caused by COVID-19 treatments in nonclinical settings.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotoxicidade , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J Reprod Dev ; 60(3): 216-23, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24670778

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is involved in regulations of reproductive functions in rats and mice. IGF-1 expression is regulated by estrogen in several reproductive organs including the uterus and ovary. Two types of estrogen receptor (ERα and ERß) are expressed in mouse uteri and ovaries, and it is unclear whether they differently mediate IGF-1 gene transcription. To clarify the roles of ERα and ERß, mouse endometrial stromal cells and ovarian granulosa cells were treated with ligands specific for individual estrogen receptors. In endometrial stromal cells, propyl-pyrazole-triol (PPT; ERα-selective agonist) increased Igf1 mRNA expression, which was suppressed by methyl-piperidino-pyrazole (MPP, ERα-selective antagonist), while diarylpropionitrile (DPN, ERß-potency selective agonist) increased Igf1 mRNA expression, which was inhibited by MPP but not by 4-[2-phenyl-5,7-bis(trifluoromethyl)pyrazolo[1,5-α]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenol (PHTPP; ERß antagonist). PHTPP enhanced the DPN-induced increase in Igf1 mRNA expression. In ovarian granulosa cells, E2 and DPN decreased Igf1 mRNA expression, whereas PPT did not affect Igf1 mRNA levels. In these cells, PHTPP inhibited the DPN-induced decrease in Igf1 mRNA expression. These results suggest that ERα facilitates Igf1 transcription, whereas ERß appears to inhibit Igf1 gene transcription in mouse endometrial stromal cells and ovarian granulosa cells.


Assuntos
Endométrio/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/fisiologia , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/fisiologia , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Endométrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/farmacologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/agonistas , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/agonistas , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Células Estromais/efeitos dos fármacos
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