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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1503-1512, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132050

RESUMO

AIM: We examined whether the perioperative systemic inflammation score (SIS), which describes systemic inflammation and/or malnutrition, affected the tumor recurrence and survival in advanced gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 160 patients with stage II/III gastric cancer who underwent curative resection at the Kanagawa Cancer Center. The SIS was evaluated before surgery, one week after surgery and one month after surgery, as determined by the serum albumin level (cut-off value=4.0 g/dl) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (cut-off value=4.44). RESULTS: A high SIS at one month after surgery was identified as an independent predictor for overall survival [hazard ratio (HR)=2.143, p=0.020] and showed a marginal significance for the relapse-free survival (HR=1.814, p=0.053) in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: The SIS at one month after surgery is a useful biomarker for predicting the long-term outcome in patients with advanced gastric cancer.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1683-1690, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the impact of postoperative complications (PCs) in patients with pathological stage (pStage) II or III gastric cancer (GC) who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, data for 226 patients were examined retrospectively. The relationship between PCs and clinicopathological features and survival were examined. RESULTS: Recurrence-free survival was significantly worse in the group with PCs than in the PC-negative group. On multivariate analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence (hazard ratio=1.721; 95% confidence intervaI=1.014-2.920; p=0.044). In addition, for each pStage analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was a risk factor for recurrence even in patients with pStage II GC. CONCLUSION: PC of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence in patients with pStage II GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative gastrectomy. Thus, for patients with PCs, even for those with pStage II GC, more effective adjuvant chemotherapy, such as S-1 plus docetaxel, may be needed.

3.
Surg Today ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130519

RESUMO

PURPOSE: T1 gastric cancer is treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) or surgery, considering the risk of lymph node metastasis. Additional gastrectomy is necessary when the pathological specimens after ESD show some risk of lymph node metastasis. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) after ESD sometimes reveals enlarged lymph nodes, which should prompt surgeons to select D2 over D1/D1+. However, whether or not CT after ESD is reliable remains unclear. METHODS: Patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for clinical T1 between April 2015 and June 2019 were enrolled. The patients were classified into those who underwent CT after ESD (group A) and those who underwent CT before primary surgery or ESD (group B). The accuracy of the nodal diagnosis was compared between groups. RESULTS: A total of 650 patients (group A; 81, group B; 569) were examined. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (group A vs. group B) were 77.8% vs. 84.2%, 0.0% vs. 15.9%, 84.0% vs. 95.7%, 0.0% vs. 38.2%, and 91.3% vs. 87.1%, respectively. The false-positive rate was 100% in group A and 61.8% in group B (p = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: A nodal diagnosis by CT is unreliable for patients who need additional gastrectomy after ESD.

4.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Splenectomy for dissecting splenic hilar lymph nodes (#10) should be avoided for most gastric cancer, considering the high morbidity and lack of any survival benefit, but it is often selected for scirrhous gastric cancer because this type frequently invades the whole stomach and lymph nodes. Splenectomy is necessary for dissecting #10; however, the survival benefit of dissecting #10 is unclear. METHODS: Patients who had scirrhous gastric cancer and underwent D2 total gastrectomy with splenectomy at National Cancer Center Hospital, Japan, between 2000 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The therapeutic value index was calculated by multiplying the metastatic rate of each nodal station and the 5-year survival of patients who had metastasis to each node. RESULTS: In total, 137 patients were eligible for the present study. The most frequent metastatic node was #3(58%), followed by #4d(46%), #1(35%), #4sb(23%), #6(22%), #7(21%), #4sa(18%), #10(15%), #2(14%), #11p(14%), #11d(13%), #9(13%), and #8a(11%). These lymph nodes had a metastatic rate of more than 10%. The node station with the highest index was #3(18.9), followed by #4d(14.1), #1(10.8), #4sa(6.11), #4sb(6.06), #10(5.09), #7(4.39), #11d(4.36), #11p(4.06), #2(2.93), #8a(2.18), and #9(1.45). The index of #10 exceeded that of #2, #7, #8a, and #9, which are the key nodes dissected in D2. CONCLUSION: The metastatic rate of the splenic hilar lymph nodes was relatively high, and the therapeutic index was the sixth highest among the 15 regional lymph nodes included in D2 dissection. Splenectomy for dissecting splenic hilar lymph nodes would be justified for scirrhous gastric cancer.

5.
World J Surg ; 44(4): 1209-1215, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery for gastric cancer should be performed as soon as possible after diagnosis. However, sometimes the waiting time for surgery tends to be longer. The relation between the waiting time for surgery and survival in patients with gastric cancer remains to be fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center cohort study evaluated patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery from 2006 through 2012 at Kanagawa Cancer Center in Japan. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. The waiting time for surgery was defined as the time between the first visit and surgery. We investigated whether the waiting time for surgery has a linear negative impact on outcomes by using a Cox regression model with clinical prognostic factors. RESULTS: In total, 801 patients were eligible. The median waiting time was 45 days (range 10-269 days). The restricted cubic spline regression curve showed that the adjusted time-specific hazard ratios of waiting times did not indicate a linear negative trend on survival between 20 and 100 days (p = 0.759). In the Cox model with a quartile of waiting times, waiting times in the 32-44-day group, 43-62-day group, and ≥63 day groups were not associated with poorer overall survival as compared with the ≤31 day group (HR: 1.01, 95% CI 0.63-1.60, p = 0.984, HR: 1.17, 95% CI 0.70-1.94, p = 0.550, HR: 1.06, 95% CI 0.60-1.88, p = 0.831, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: There was no negative relation between the waiting time for surgery (within 100 days) and survival in patients with gastric cancer.

6.
Surg Endosc ; 34(1): 429-435, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastrectomy is becoming more commonly performed, but acquisition of its technique remains challenging. We investigated whether laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LDG) performed by trainees (TR) supervised by a technically qualified experienced surgeon (QS) is feasible and safe. METHODS: The short-term outcomes of LDG were assessed in patients with gastric cancer between 2008 and 2018. We compared patients who underwent LDG performed by qualified experienced surgeons (QS group) with patients who underwent LDG performed by the trainees (TR group). RESULTS: The operation time was longer in the TR group than in the QS group (median time: 270 min vs. 239 min, p < 0.001). The median duration of the postoperative hospital stay was 9 days in the QS group and 8 days in the TR group (p = 0.003). The incidence of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Grade 2 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (12.9%) in the QS group and 47 patients (11.7%) in the TR group (p = 0.763). Grade 3 or higher postoperative complications occurred in 9 patients (6.4%) in the QS group and 17 patients (4.2%) in the TR group (p = 0.357). Multivariate analysis showed that the American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status was an independent predictor of grade 2 or higher postoperative complications and that gender was an independent predictor of grade 3 or higher postoperative complications. The main operator (TR/QS) was not an independent predictor of complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy performed by trainees supervised by an experienced surgeon is a feasible and safe procedure similar to that performed by experienced surgeons.

7.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865480

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We retrospectively evaluated the blood coagulation activity using the D-dimer level in the early period after gastrectomy and investigated whether postoperative hypercoagulation affects tumor recurrence and long-term survival in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The study involved 650 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer at Kanagawa Cancer Center between July 2009 and July 2013. They were divided into a low-D-dimer group (LD group) and high-D-dimer group (HD group) according to the median D-dimer level on postoperative day (POD) 7. The risk factors for overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: Of the 448 enrolled patients, 218 were classified into the LD group and 230 into the HD group. The 5-year OS rates after surgery were 90.8% and 81.3% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). The 5-year RFS rates after surgery were 89.9% and 76.1% in the LD and HD groups, respectively (p < 0.001). A high D-dimer level on POD 7 (≥ 4.9 µg/ml) was identified as an independent predictive factor for both the OS (hazard ratio [HR] 1.955, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.158-3.303, p = 0.012) and RFS (HR 2.182, 95% CI 1.327-3.589, p = 0.002). Furthermore, hematological recurrence was significantly more frequent in the HD group than in the LD group (p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: A high D-dimer level on POD 7 may predict tumor recurrence and the long-term survival in patients who undergo gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer. Patients with an elevated postoperative D-dimer level need careful observation and diagnostic imaging to timely detect tumor recurrence.

8.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297969

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We propose a novel technique to close Petersen's defect using barbed sutures and evaluate the safety and usefulness of this technique by assessing postoperative complications and measuring the time required to close Petersen's defect. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Petersen's defect was closed laparoscopically with running non-absorbable barbed sutures (V-loc®) after a nodal dissection and reconstruction procedure. First, the transverse colon was elevated cranially, making the dorsal side of the transverse mesocolon a flattened surface. The intersection of the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery was then identified, and closure was started from this point. We continued to sew the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery toward the transverse colon with a running suture. At the end of suturing, we placed one or two stitches in the fatty appendices of the transverse colon and cut the free tail of thread as short as possible. DISCUSSION: We investigated postoperative complications and measured the time required to close Petersen's defect in 64 patients who underwent this technique. The results showed that this closure technique could be performed promptly and safely regardless of the patient, surgical procedure, and the experience of the operator.

9.
J Cancer ; 10(11): 2450-2456, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258750

RESUMO

Aims: We previously demonstrated that a loss of lean body mass loss at one month after gastrectomy was an independent risk factor for the continuation of adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. However, it is unclear whether or not lean body mass loss after gastrectomy leads to a poor survival through poor compliance to adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1. Methods: The recurrence free survival (RFS) overall survival (OS) and were examined in 115 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy and were pathologically diagnosed with stage II or III gastric cancer and who received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 between May 2011 and September 2016. Results: The median follow-up period was 40.6 months. The RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were 57.8% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 73.5% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The univariate and multivariate analyses for the disease free survival (RFS) demonstrated that a lean body mass loss >5% was a significant risk factor. The OS rates at 5 years after surgery were 72.0% in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group and 77.3% in the lean body mass loss <5% group. The OS was slightly worse in the lean body mass loss ≥5% group than in the lean body mass loss <5% group (p=0.2062). Conclusions: The lean body mass loss at one month, which is closely associated with poor S-1 compliance, was an important risk factor for the RFS. A prospective cohort study is necessary to confirm whether or not the lean body mass loss affects the gastric cancer survival.

10.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(3): 595-597, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914625

RESUMO

In a 65-year-old woman, anemia was observed during outpatient follow-up after right lung cancer surgery, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed for examination.Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a Type 2 tumor on the small curvature in the middle part of the stomach, and she was diagnosed with gastric cancer.Distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection and BillrothⅠ reconstruction was performed for the gastric cancer.There were no postoperative complications, and she was discharged on the ninth day after surgery.The pathological diagnosis was gastric cancer, ML, Less, Type 2, 67×55×15 mm, muc>sig>por, pT4a(SE)N2M0, fStage ⅢB.S -1 adjuvant chemotherapy was administered, but then discontinued in the second course due to the development of adverse events.Reflux symptoms appeared after the surgery, and her dietary intake was poor.Her body weight and serum albumin level at 3 and 5 months after surgery were 51 kg and 52.5 kg, respectively, and 3.2 g/dL and 2.7 g/dL, respectively.Because there was no improvement in the reflux symptom, oral administration of acotiamide hydrochloride was initiated 7 months after the surgery.After initiating oral intake of acotiamide hydrochloride, her dietary intake improved, and her body weight and serum albumin level at 11 and 15 months after surgery were 54 kg and 57 kg, respectively, and 3.0 g/dL and 2.7 g/dL, respectively.Peritoneal recurrence was observed 23 months after surgery, and her oral intake decreased, but the recurrence of reflux symptoms was not observed.Acotiamide hydrochloride could be an option for the treatment of reflux symptoms after gastrectomy.


Assuntos
Benzamidas , Esofagite Péptica , Gastroenterostomia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tiazóis , Idoso , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Esofagite Péptica/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico
11.
In Vivo ; 33(2): 587-594, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the impact of postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) level on survival in patients with esophageal cancer who received perioperative steroid therapy and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 115 patients were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into those with a high CRP level (≥4.0 mg/dl) on postoperative day 4 and those with low CRP level (<4.0 mg/dl). The risk factors for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. RESULTS: The OS and RFS rates at 5 years after surgery were significantly low in patients with high CRP level on postoperative day 4. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that high CRP level on postoperative day 4 was a significant independent risk factor for OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest that the postoperative CRP level can be a prognosticator in patients with esophageal cancer who have received perioperative steroid therapy and ERAS care.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Cefazolina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(2): 1073-1078, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight, especially lean body mass, significantly decreases after gastrectomy. Postoperative surgical complications are a major risk factor for changes in body weight and body composition after gastrectomy. However, the influence of postoperative surgical complications after gastrectomy on body weight and body composition changes remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer between May 2010 and February 2017. Their body weight and composition were evaluated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before surgery, and at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery. Patients were classified as those with surgical complications and those without. RESULTS: Eight hundred and eighty-eight patients (156 in the group with complications and 732 in the group without) were entered in the present study. When comparing the two groups, the patients' background and surgical factors significantly differed, while the pathological findings were similar. The body weight losses at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery were 3.8%, 7.0%, and 10.4%, respectively, in those with complications, and 3.3%, 5.6%, and 6.8%, respectively, in the group without, with p-values of 0.001, 0.002, and 0.001, respectively. The corresponding lean body mass losses were 3.7%, 6.5%, and 6.8%, and 3.2%, 4.2%, and 3.5%, respectively, with p-values of 0.001, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively. CONCLUSION: Decreases in body weight and lean body mass after gastrectomy were more serious in the patients with surgical complications than in those without. To maintain body weight and lean body mass in patients with surgical complications, additional care or treatments are needed.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(1): 169-171, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30765677

RESUMO

A 63-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for examination and treatment of a pancreatic head tumor detected at a nearby hospital. After CT, EUS-FNA, and PET-CT, he was diagnosed with unresectable pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis. After 9 courses of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel therapy, the primary tumor was dramatically reduced in size and the liver metastasis had disappeared. He underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. The postoperative diagnosis according to the General Rules of the Study of Pancreatic Cancer(7th edition)was Ph, TS1(15mm), adenosquamous carcinoma, ypT3, ypRP1, ypPL1, R0, ypN0(0/29), M0, CY0, ypStage ⅡA. The histological response was Grade 2. The patient remains alive without recurrence 5 months after surgical resection.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Paclitaxel , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
14.
Gastric Cancer ; 22(3): 617-623, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) has an advantage of earlier recovery after surgery due to having lower invasiveness and wound pain than open distal gastrectomy (ODG). However, whether the same enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program for LADG is equally feasible and safe for ODG remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively extracted the clinical data of the patients enrolled in JCOG0912 from the medical record system of our hospital and compared the treatment process and short-term surgical outcomes between LADG and ODG. Our ERAS program consisted of 13 elements (4 preoperative, 4 intraoperative, and 5 postoperative elements). The morbidity was defined as complications of grade 2 or more. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-three patients were entered from our hospital and randomized to undergo ODG (82 patients) or LADG (81 patients). The patient's backgrounds, surgical outcomes, and pathological outcomes were similar between the ODG and LADG groups. The rate of completing the clinical pathway was 95.1% in both groups, and the rates of completing each ERAS element were similar. However, the additional use of acetaminophen was significantly more frequent in the ODG group than in the LADG group (18.3% vs. 6.2%, p = 0.03). The median hospital stay after surgery was 9 days in both groups. Morbidity, defined as Clavien-Dindo classification > grade 2, was observed in 6.1% of the ODG group and 11.1% of the LADG group. No mortality occurred in either group. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the regimen of perioperative care performed by the ERAS program for LADG was equally feasible and safe for ODG with additional pain control. Less pain observed in LADG was not so apparent advantage for completion and safety of ERAS care.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
In Vivo ; 33(1): 221-227, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30587627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight, especially lean body mass, significantly decreases after gastrectomy for gastric cancer due to surgical invasion, reduced food intake, and reduced mobility, which can reduce the quality of life and induce associated toxicity or reduce compliance with adjuvant chemotherapy. Such risks can be particularly high in elderly patients with gastric cancer. However, whether or not changes in the weight and body composition differ between elderly and non-elderly patients remains unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study examined patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer between May 2010 and February 2017. Body weight and composition were evaluated by a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before surgery, at 1 week after surgery, and at 1 and at 3 months after surgery. Patients were classified as elderly (≥80 years) or non-elderly (<80 years). RESULTS: Eight-hundred and eighty-eight patients (84 elderly and 804 non-elderly) were entered into the present study. Patient background, surgical and clinicopathological factors, and surgical complications did not significantly differ between the two groups. Body weight loss at 1 week, and at 1 and 3 months after surgery, defined as the decrease from the preoperative value, were -2.8%, -6.5%, and -9.0%, respectively, in the elderly and -3.5%, -6.0%, and -8.1%, respectively, in the non-elderly patients (p=0.111, 0.125, and 0.153, respectively). The corresponding losses of lean body mass were -2.6%, -6.0%, and -6.4%, respectively, in the elderly and -3.5%, -4.9%, and -4.7%, respectively, in the non-elderly patients, with p-values of 0.056, 0.036, and 0.029, respectively. CONCLUSION: Decreases in lean body mass after gastrectomy were greater in elderly than in non-elderly patients. In order to maintain lean body mass among elderly patients, additional care and treatments are needed.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Perda de Peso
16.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(10): 1489-1491, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30382054

RESUMO

Although chemotherapy is the standard treatment for unresectable advanced gastric cancer, its prognosis is poor and the median survival time is only around 10 months. With some literature consideration, we report that ovarian metastasis triggered the diagnosis of unresectable advanced gastric cancer with long-term survival through multidisciplinary treatment. This is the case of a 69-year-old woman, who was diagnosed with ovarian tumor and underwent right extracorporectomy and omentum resection in 2011. Pathological diagnosis suspected adenocarcinoma. In February 2012, EGD found a type 4 tumor in the upper portion of the pyloric area of the stomach. She was diagnosed with gastric cancer with Stage IV(T4aN0M1 [ovary])ovarian metastasis. Because the primary tumor was HER2 positive, XP plus HER therapy(capecitabine 1,000mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days, CDDP 80mg/m2 every 3 weeks on the first day, and trastuzumab 8 mg/kg every 3 weeks on the first day)was administered since March 2012. No metastasis was found in the imaging examination after 8 courses of chemotherapy, and we also confirmed the reduction of the primary tumor in the EGD. Based on the images, primary resection was already possible. In December 2012, after a diagnostic laparoscopy, total gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection was performed. Postoperative pathology was diagnosed as Stage IV(pT4aN0M1). To control postoperative micrometastasis, capecitabine therapy(1,000mg/m2 twice a day for 14 days)was administered for 12 months starting from February 2013. Then, recurrence and metastasis were not observed during follow-up. However, in January 2017, a circumstellar stenotic tumor was found in the rectum and was diagnosed as recurrence of peritoneal dissemination through images. In February 2017, artificial ostomy(in the sigmoid colon, double-mouth type)was made. Then, the patient underwent an outpatient chemotherapy, with hospital visits, and she survives.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/secundário , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
In Vivo ; 32(6): 1513-1518, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer may prevent the loss of body weight or lean body mass after surgery due to its reduced surgical stress compared with open total gastrectomy (OTG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 303 patients were examined in this study. All patients received the same perioperative care via fast-track surgery. The body weight and composition were evaluated using a bioelectrical impedance analyzer within 1 week before and at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery. RESULTS: Two hundred and eight patients received OTG, and 95 received LATG. Although the clinical T factor and N factor were significantly different between these two groups, other clinical factors were similar. The respective body weight loss (1 week/1 month/3 months) was -4.7%/-8.0%/-11.9% in the OTG group and -4.7%/-8.2%/-11.6% in the LATG group, that were not significantly different between the two groups at any time point of measurement (p=0.698/0.528/0.534, respectively). The respective lean body mass loss (1 week/1 month/3 months) was -4.2%/-6.4%/-7.4% in the OTG group and -4.0%/-5.8%/-6.2% in the LATG group, that were not significantly different between the groups (p=0.503/0.588/0.946, respectively). CONCLUSION: The body composition changes were similar between the OTG and LATG groups using the same perioperative care of fast-track surgery. Adopting a laparoscopic approach would not help in reducing loss of body weight or lean body mass after gastric cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
18.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 25(7): 2034-2043, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29748890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate whether postoperative infectious complications (ICs) are a risk factor for the prognosis in esophageal cancer patients who receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy by stratifying the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by esophagectomy between January 2011 and September 2015. Risk factors for overall survival (OS) were examined by Cox proportional hazard analyses. Pathological responders to neoadjuvant chemotherapy were defined as those with a tumor disappearance of more than one-third of the initial tumor. Postoperative ICs were defined using the Clavien-Dindo classification. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients examined, 45 (40.5%) developed postoperative ICs. A pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy was observed in 54 (48.6%) patients. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that postoperative ICs were a significant independent risk factor for the OS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.359; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.057-5.263, p = 0.036). In the subset analysis, postoperative ICs were a marginally significant independent risk factor for OS in the nonresponders (HR 2.862; 95% CI 0.942-8.696, p = 0.063) but not in the responders (HR 0.867; 95% CI 0.122-6.153, p = 0.886). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that the negative survival impact of postoperative ICs can be canceled out in esophageal cancer patients who respond to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/patologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(1): 85-87, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29362316

RESUMO

An 84-year-old man visited our hospital with epigastralgia.Levels of hepatic and biliary enzymes and CRP were elevated, as detected by a blood test.On a CT scan, a swollen gallbladder with stones was detected.The patient was admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of Grade I acute cholecystitis.Conservative treatment was continued with antibiotic administration and the patient was discharged from the hospital with improvement on day 6 after admission.Three months later, the patient underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy.In the gallbladder, a 45×45 mm tumor was found.Upon pathological examination, diffuse proliferation of lymphocyte-like heterotypic cells and subserosal invasion were observed.Immunohistochemistry results were negative for MUM1 and positive for CD10 and Bcl6 markers.A malignant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was diagnosed.We experienced a case of malignant lymphoma of the gallbladder diagnosed after surgery for acute cholecystitis, which we herein report with literature consideration.


Assuntos
Colecistite/diagnóstico por imagem , Colecistite/etiologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/complicações , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/cirurgia , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
20.
Asian J Surg ; 41(4): 349-355, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28545783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body weight loss (BWL) is frequently observed in gastric cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The risk factors for severe BWL after gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2012 and June 2014 at Kanagawa Cancer Center. All patients received perioperative care based on the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol. The %BWL value was calculated based on the percentage of body weight at 1 month after surgery in comparison to the preoperative body weight. Severe BWL was defined as %BWL > 10%. The risk factors for severe BWL were determined by both univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: There were 278 patients examined. The median age of the patients was 68 years. The operative procedures included total gastrectomy [n=97; open (n=61) and laparoscopic {n=36)] and distal gastrectomy (n=181). Surgical complications of grade ≥ 2 (as defined by the Clavien-Dindo classification) were observed in 37 patients, these included: pancreatic fistula (n=9), anastomotic leakage (n=5), and abdominal abscess (n=3). There were no cases of surgery-associated mortality. Both univariate and multivariate logistic analyses demonstrated that surgical complications, and total gastrectomy were significant risk factors for severe BWL. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical complications and total gastrectomy were identified as being significant risk factors for severe BWL in the 1st month after gastrectomy. To maintain body weight after gastrectomy, physicians should pay careful attention to patients who undergo total gastrectomy and those who develop surgical complications.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Perda de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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