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1.
Arthroscopy ; 36(1): 44-53, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate changes of the glenoid after arthroscopic Bankart repair (ABR) in patients with different preoperative glenoid structures. METHODS: Patients who underwent ABR for traumatic anterior shoulder instability were retrospectively investigated. They were divided into 3 groups on the basis of preoperative glenoid structure by computed tomography (CT): normal glenoid (group N), glenoid erosion (group E), or glenoid defect associated with a bony Bankart lesion (group B). Shoulders in group B were also stratified according to the postoperative status of the bone fragment (union, nonunion, or resorbed). Postoperative changes of glenoid width (Δ) (increase: Δ ≥5%, stable: Δ >-5% to <5%, decrease: Δ ≤-5%) and the extent of glenoid bone loss were investigated by 3-dimensional CT. RESULTS: A total of 186 shoulders were divided into 3 groups: group N (n = 61), group E (n = 46), and group B (n = 79). At initial postoperative CT, the glenoid width was decreased in 41 shoulders, stable in 20 shoulders, and increased in no shoulders from group N. The respective numbers were 27, 18, and 1 in group E, and 50, 22, and 7 in group B. The glenoid width was reduced in all groups (mean percent change: -8.8%, -5.9%, and -6.1%, respectively). In group B, glenoid width decreased in most of the shoulders without bone union. The glenoid bone loss on the preoperative and postoperative final CT was, respectively, 0% and 8.6% in group N (P < .0001), 9.9% and 12.4% in group E (P = .03), and 10.4% and 7.2% in group B (P = .01). Final glenoid bone loss >13.5% was recognized in 18.2% of group N, 35.7% of group E, and 21.8% of group B. CONCLUSIONS: Glenoid width often decreased after ABR because of anterior glenoid rim erosion, and this change was frequent in patients with preoperative normal glenoid, glenoid erosion, or without postoperative union of a bony Bankart lesion. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3, Case-control study.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17575, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651860

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Chylothorax remains a poorly understood phenomenon, and no optimal treatment or guidelines have been established. This is the first report of treating congenital chylothorax and lymphedema in a low-birth-weight infant by lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA). PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of successful LVA for persistent congenital chylothorax and lymphedema resistant to other conservative therapies. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis of chylothorax was confirmed by the predominance of lymphocytes in the pleural fluid draining from the chest tube. In addition, the infant developed oliguria and generalized lymphedema. INTERVENTIONS: LVA under local anesthesia combined with light sedation was performed at his medial thighs and left upper arm. OUTCOMES: Although his subcutaneous edema markedly improved, the decrease in chest tube drainage was gradual. No additional treatment was required. LESSONS: LVA is of considerable value as a surgical treatment option in the setting of persistent congenital chylothorax and lymphedema, because LVA is a less invasive procedure.


Assuntos
Quilotórax/congênito , Vasos Linfáticos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Quilotórax/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Cavidade Pleural/cirurgia
3.
J Orthop Sci ; 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shoulder and elbow examinations for pitchers have been performed in Japan's National High School Baseball Invitational Tournaments (NHSBITs) and National High School Baseball Championships (NHSBCs) since 1993. However, for years the results have not been analyzed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in the condition of shoulders and/or elbows of pitchers from 1993 to 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pitchers in NHSBITs and NHSBCs, 1994-2016, were examined together with those who received a trial examination (Trial) in the NHSBC 1993. Shoulder and elbow symptoms were comprehensively graded into five categories; none, mild, moderate, severe and dysfunction. Standard plain radiographs of the shoulder and elbow were obtained. Average Annual Percent Changes (AAPCs) in the percentages of pitchers with symptoms and positive radiographic findings were analyzed. RESULTS: The percentages of pitchers with moderate or worse symptoms in the shoulder or elbow were 14.6% and 13.8%, respectively, in the Trial, 1.1% and 1.1% in NHSBITs and 1.3% and 2.0% in NHSBCs. The AAPC of pitchers with a symptomatic shoulder in NHSBITs was reduced over the study period, at -3.36% (P < 0.05), but that in NHSBCs was unchanged at -1.01%. The AAPCs of pitchers with a symptomatic elbow in NHSBITs and in NHSBCs decreased, at -3.13% and -3.33%, respectively (P < 0.05), while that of pitchers with residual apophyseal fragmentation at the ulnar collateral ligament insertion increased at +2.79% (P < 0.05). The decreased percentages of symptomatic pitchers suggest that joint condition is well controlled in high school days; however, the increased frequency of radiographic findings suggests the necessity of protection against overuse in younger players. CONCLUSIONS: The percentages of pitchers with symptomatic shoulders and elbows in NHSBITs and those with symptomatic elbows in NHSBCs have decreased over the 23 years. However, the increased frequency of residual medial humeral epicondyle apophyseopathy should be noted.

4.
Burns Trauma ; 7: 10, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993143

RESUMO

Growth factors have recently gained clinical importance for wound management. Application of recombinant growth factors has been shown to mimic cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation in vivo, allowing for external modulation of the healing process. Perioperative drug delivery systems can enhance the biological activity of these growth factors, which have a very short in vivo half-life after topical administration. Although the basic mechanisms of these growth factors are well understood, most have yet to demonstrate a significant impact in animal studies or small-sized clinical trials. In this review, we emphasized currently approved growth factor therapies, including a sustained release system for growth factors, emerging therapies, and future research possibilities combined with surgical procedures. Approaches seeking to understand wound healing at a systemic level are currently ongoing. However, further research and consideration in surgery will be needed to provide definitive confirmation of the efficacy of growth factor therapies for intractable wounds.

5.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(4): 631-635, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary frozen shoulder has unknown etiology and significant restriction of active and passive motion. The distinction between frozen shoulder and stiff shoulder has been unclear. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to perform a survey regarding definition and classification of frozen shoulder proposed by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) among the members of the Japan Shoulder Society (JSS) and to compare the results with those obtained among the members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES). METHODS: The Scientific Research Project Committee of the JSS prepared the questionnaire for frozen shoulder and stiff shoulder. Surveys were sent by e-mail on Jan 14, 2016 to JSS registered members and the response dead-line was set on March 13, 2016. RESULTS: The number of respondents was 230, including all directors, councilors, and senior doctors. Agreement with the definition of primary frozen shoulder was 67%, the classification of primary or secondary frozen shoulder was 53%, and the 3 divisions of secondary frozen shoulder was 53%. Diagnostic terms for the cases of shoulder stiffness with unknown etiology were as follows: frozen shoulder (31%), stiff shoulder (22%), periarthritis scapulohumeralis (16%), so called "Gojukata" in Japan, which means shoulder problems in their fifties (16%), idiopathic frozen shoulder (6%), primary frozen shoulder (4%), adhesive capsulitis (3%), others (2%). CONCLUSION: The survey shows lower rates of agreement among the JSS members than the ASES members for the definition of primary frozen shoulder, the classification of primary and secondary frozen shoulder, and the divisions of secondary frozen shoulder. To avoid confusion between stiff shoulder and frozen shoulder, the committee agrees to the ISAKOS recommendation that the term "frozen shoulder" should be used exclusively for primary idiopathic stiff shoulder.


Assuntos
Bursite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Bursite/classificação , Bursite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Inquéritos e Questionários , Terminologia como Assunto , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(2): e13888, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633161

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) free flap is a popular method used in foot reconstruction. Although the SCIP flap has a relatively short pedicle and does not require intramuscular dissection, general anesthesia is largely preferred for SCIP flap reconstruction. We report 2 cases with the free SCIP flap for skin and soft tissue reconstruction of the foot under local anesthesia. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was a 34-year-old man sustained a crush injury to the dorsal foot, resulting in a soft tissue defect with bone and tendon exposure. Case 2 was a 41-year-old man with type 2 diabetes was referred to our division for an intractable ankle wound after surgery for a calcaneal bone fracture. DIAGNOSIS: The diagnosis was intractable wounds on feet caused by trauma and surgery. Patients were unable to receive general anesthesia because of asthma or elevated liver enzymes. INTERVENTIONS: Two patients with tissue defects on their feet were treated with SCIP flaps under local anesthesia. Fifteen milliliter of 0.5% bupivacaine was injected for ankle block. SCIP flaps were harvested after injecting 10 to 15 mL of 1% lidocaine combined with epinephrine around the flap incisions. OUTCOMES: No complications related to the use of local anesthesia developed during the operation or postoperatively. Two flaps survived and fully took without complications. LESSONS: With proper local anesthesia, successful foot reconstruction with a free SCIP flap was possible. This method can be considered a sufficient option for foot reconstruction for patients unable to receive general anesthesia.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Pé/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Adulto , Lesões por Esmagamento/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Surg Neurol Int ; 9: 212, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30488010

RESUMO

Background: Intraspinal extradural lipomas are very rare and should be differentiated from spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) and/or angiolipomas. Case Description: A 76-year-old male presented with left lower extremity radiculopathy. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed hyperplasia of epidural fat at the L2-3 and L3-4 levels accompanied by a lipomatous L4-5 mass. Following resection of this mass and hyperplastic epidural fat, the histological examination was consistent with an intraspinal extradural lipoma and SEL. Conclusion: This case indicates that asymmetrical compression of the dural sac may be attributed to an intraspinal extradural lipoma vs. just SEL and/or an angiolipoma.

8.
Orthop J Sports Med ; 6(7): 2325967118782420, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30046627

RESUMO

Background: The combination of a glenoid defect and a Hill-Sachs lesion in a shoulder with anterior instability has recently been termed "bipolar bone loss," but the prevalence and influence of this condition on postoperative recurrence after arthroscopic Bankart repair are still unclear. Purpose: To investigate bipolar bone loss in male athletes using a new scoring system and to evaluate its efficacy by comparing it with the glenoid track concept. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: The sizes of both lesions were evaluated retrospectively in 80 male athletes (85 shoulders) using computed tomography. The glenoid defects and the length, width, and depth of the Hill-Sachs lesions were classified into 5 size categories and were allocated scores from "0" for no defect to "4" for the largest defect. Patients were then classified into 5 classes according to the total score for both lesions: class 1, 0-1 point; class 2, 2 points; class 3, 3 points; class 4, 4 points; and class 5, ≥5 points. The prevalence of bipolar bone loss and postoperative recurrence rates for patients with at least 2 years of follow-up were compared among the classes. The recurrence rate for each class was also compared between shoulders with an off-track lesion and shoulders with an on-track lesion as well as among 3 sporting categories: rugby, American football, and other sports. Results: Based on the combination of glenoid defect size and Hill-Sachs lesion length, the postoperative recurrence rate was 0% for shoulders in class 1, 12.5% for class 2, 33.3% for class 3, 28.6% for class 4, and 31.3% for class 5, while the recurrence rates were 0%, 16.7%, 28.6%, 27.3%, and 31.6%, respectively, for the combination of glenoid defect size and Hill-Sachs lesion width and 0%, 8.3%, 26.7%, 28.6%, and 35.3%, respectively, for the combination of glenoid defect size and Hill-Sachs lesion depth. Postoperative recurrence was frequently recognized regardless of the presence of off-track Hill-Sachs lesions. No recurrence was recognized in class 1 shoulders among rugby players, in classes 1 and 2 among American football players, and in classes 1 through 3 among other athletes based on the combination of glenoid defect size and Hill-Sachs lesion size. Conclusion: Our scoring system for bipolar bone loss was useful to evaluate the influence on postoperative recurrence in male athletes. The postoperative recurrence rate was influenced by the extent of bipolar bone loss and the sporting category regardless of the presence of off-track lesions.

9.
Case Rep Orthop ; 2018: 9810762, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854522

RESUMO

Intradural disk herniation (IDH) is a rare condition, occurring more often at the L4-5 level. We examined a case of an IDH at the L1-2 level mimicking an intradural spinal tumor. A 71-year-old woman with a long history of backache and pain radiating down the left leg was admitted to our hospital with the worsening of these symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic myelography demonstrated an intradural mass at the L1-2 level. Given the radiologic findings and the location of the mass, the preoperative differential diagnosis centered on intradural spinal tumors. Dural incision was performed using a surgical microscope to resect the mass. Contrary to our expectation, the diagnosis made during the surgery was IDH. Despite advances in imaging techniques, IDH could not be definitively diagnosed preoperatively. The pathogenesis of IDH remains unclear. In our patient, the ventral dural defect was smooth and round, and the dural tissue around the defect was thickened. These intraoperative findings suggested that the patient's IDH resulted not from an acute new event but from a chronic process. We recommend dural incision using a surgical microscope for treating IDH because it provides a clear visual field.

10.
Allergol Int ; 67(1): 90-95, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28648978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In severe drug eruptions, precise evaluation of disease severity at an early stage is needed to start appropriate treatment. It is not always easy to diagnose these conditions at their early stage. In addition, there are no reported prognostic biomarkers of disease severity in drug eruptions. The aim of this study was to test whether the thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) level in serum at an early stage of a drug eruption can serve as a prognostic biomarker of systemic inflammation. METHODS: Study participants included 76 patients who received a diagnosis of a drug eruption, one of the following: drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms/drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome, maculopapular exanthema, and erythema multiforme. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) was eliminated in this study because scoring system for evaluating the severity was established. Correlation coefficients between serum TARC levels and indicators of systemic inflammation, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, Glasgow prognostic score, modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome (mSIRS) score, and C-reactive protein in serum were evaluated. RESULTS: Serum TARC levels positively correlated with the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, Glasgow prognostic score, mSIRS score, C-reactive protein, albumin, white blood cell count, body temperature, and pulse rate. TARC levels negatively correlated with systolic blood pressure. Among these parameters, the mSIRS score showed strong correlation (correlation coefficient: 0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Serum TARC levels correlate well with indicators of systemic inflammation and of disease severity among patients with a drug eruption except SJS/TEN. Serum TARC may be a prognostic biomarker of severity of inflammation in drug eruptions.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CCL17/sangue , Erupção por Droga/sangue , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Criança , Erupção por Droga/patologia , Erupção por Droga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/patologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/fisiopatologia
11.
Microsurgery ; 38(1): 85-88, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27592132

RESUMO

We describe the use of a composite flap composed of a sural neurofasciocutaneous flap and a vascularized peroneus longus tendon for the reconstruction of severe composite forearm tissue defects in a patient. A 43-year-old man had his left arm caught in a conveyor belt resulting in a large soft-tissue defect of 18 × 11 cm over the dorsum forearm. The extensor carpi radialis, superficial radial nerve, and radial artery were severely damaged. A free neurofasciocutaneous composite flap measuring 16 × 11 cm was outlined on the patient's left lower leg to allow simultaneous skin, tendon, nerve, and artery reconstruction. The flap, which included the peroneus longus tendon, was elevated on the subfascial plane. After the flap was transferred to the recipient site, the peroneal artery was anastomosed to the radial artery in a flow-through manner. The vascularized tendon graft with 15 cm in length was used to reconstruct the extensor carpi radialis longus tendon defect using an interlacing suture technique. As the skin paddle of the sural neurofasciocutaneous flap and the vascularized peroneus longus tendon graft were linked by the perforator and minimal fascial tissue, the skin paddle was able to rotate and slide with comparative ease. The flap survived completely without any complications. The length of follow-up was 12 months and was uneventful. Range of motion of his left wrist joint was slightly limited to 75 degrees. This novel composite flap may be useful for reconstructing long tendon defects associated with extensive forearm soft tissue defects.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Antebraço/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Tendões/transplante , Adulto , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/inervação , Humanos , Masculino , Tendões/irrigação sanguínea
12.
Burns Trauma ; 5: 22, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28717655

RESUMO

A neck scar contracture can severely and negatively affect the function of mastication, phonic, or breathing and result in neck pain and issues with esthetics. The best way is of course to avoid such contracture by means of non-surgical treatment such as use of a growth factor. The basic fibroblastic growth factor is clinically well proven in decreasing scar formation and improving healing. There are numerous reconstructive methods for neck contracture, especially when the lesions are relatively limited in part of the neck. However, a very severe and full circumferential scar contracture requires extensive reconstruction. The thin groin flap is one of the answers and well matches with the tissue texture and maintains the flexibility. Even with extensive burns and delayed reconstructions due to resuscitation first, the groin area is well preserved and can be safely harvested by dual vasculature systems of the superficial circumflex iliac artery and superficial epigastric artery, which warrant more reliability compared to the perforator flaps in this area. More demanding and stringent forms of the neck burn scar contracture are the sequelae of radiation. A radiation burn or radiation injury can be progressing and hard to heal. Adipose-derived stem cells can reverse the scar contracture as the surrounding tissue is softened and can accelerate wound healing. In this review, different types of neck burn scar contracture and reconstructive methods are summarized, including innovative use of bFGF and ADSCs in the management of difficult wound healing and scar contracture.

13.
Burns Trauma ; 5: 9, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28317000

RESUMO

Burn contractures produce restrictions in motion and unacceptable aesthetic results, frequently with persistent wounds. Proper planning and tissue selection are essential to minimize donor site morbidity optimizing outcomes. The principle of burn reconstructive surgery requires that the defects after release should be replaced with donor tissues which have matching texture and color as well as enough pliability. Autologous skin grafting or flap surgeries meet these criteria to replace scar tissues and resurface the subsequent to post-released scar defects. Despite the benefits, the use of flaps is often limited in burn patients for many reasons. If a surgeon intends to release completely and reconstruct in one-stage operation, a large defect may result in large donor site morbidity, necessitating flap surgery including free flap surgery. A lot of different methods and procedures are available for resurfacing the defects, and these are reviewed. In this article, algorithms for the release of burn contractures and reconstructive methods are presented. These treatment algorithms should aid in achieving significant improvement in both joint motions and aesthetic deformities.

14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 139(3): 639-651, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary lymphedema is often observed in postmalignancy treatment of the breast and the gynecologic organs, but effective therapies have not been established in chronic cases even with advanced physiologic operations. Currently, reconstructive surgery with novel approaches has been attempted. METHODS: The hindlimbs of 10-week-old male C57BL/6J mice, after 30-Gy x-irradiation, surgical lymph node dissection, and 5-mm gap creation, were divided into four groups, with vascularized lymph node transfer abdominal flap and 1.0 × 10 adipose-derived stem cells. Lymphatic flow assessment, a water-displacement plethysmometer paw volumetry test, tissue quantification of lymphatic vessels, and functional analysis of lymphatic vessels and nodes were performed. RESULTS: Photodynamic Eye images, using indocyanine green fluorescence, demonstrated immediate staining in subiliac lymph nodes, and linear pattern imaging of the proximal region was observed with the combined treatment of adipose-derived stem cells and vascularized lymph node transfer. Both percentage improvement and percentage deterioration with the combined treatment of adipose-derived stem cells and vascularized lymph node transfer were significantly better than with other treatments (p < 0.05). The numbers of lymphatic vessels with LYVE-1 immunoreactivity significantly increased in mice treated with adipose-derived stem cells (p < 0.05), and B16 melanoma cells were metastasized in groups treated with vascularized lymph node transfers by day 28. CONCLUSIONS: Adipose-derived stem cells increase the number of lymphatic vessels and vascularized lymph node transfers induce the lymphatic flow drainage to the circulatory system. Combined adipose-derived stem cell and vascularized lymph node transfer treatment in secondary lymphedema may effectively decrease edema volume and restore lymphatic function by lymphangiogenesis and the lymphatic-to-venous circulation route.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Linfonodos/irrigação sanguínea , Linfonodos/transplante , Linfangiogênese , Sistema Linfático/cirurgia , Linfedema/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Células-Tronco , Animais , Membro Posterior , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Indução de Remissão
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(1)2017 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29295606

RESUMO

Cultured epithelial autografts (CEA) with highly expanded mesh skin grafts were used for extensive adult burns covering more than 30% of the total body surface area. A prospective study on eight patients assessed subjective and objective findings up to a 12-month follow-up. The results of wound healing for over 1:6 mesh plus CEA, gap 1:6 mesh plus CEA, and 1:3 mesh were compared at 3, 6, and 12 months using extensibility, viscoelasticity, color, and transepidermal water loss by a generalized estimating equation (GEE) or generalized linear mixed model (GLMM). No significant differences were observed among the paired treatments at any time point. At 6 and 12 months, over 1:6 mesh plus CEA achieved significantly better expert evaluation scores by the Vancouver and Manchester Scar Scales (p < 0.01). Extended skin grafting plus CEA minimizes donor resources and the quality of scars is equal or similar to that with conventional low extended mesh slit-thickness skin grafting such as 1:3 mesh. A longitudinal analysis of scars may further clarify the molecular changes of scar formation and pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Autoenxertos/transplante , Derme/patologia , Derme/transplante , Células Epiteliais/transplante , Transplante de Pele , Pele Artificial , Cicatrização , Idoso , Células Cultivadas , Cicatriz/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Afr J Paediatr Surg ; 14(1): 15-17, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29487270

RESUMO

Perineovaginorectal defect usually requires surgical repair; however, direct closure often leads to dehiscence. We present two patients with a congenital perineal skin defect who were successfully treated using a gluteal-fold bilobed perforator flap. This flap facilitates esthetic restoration and a more natural perineovaginorectal appearance, using only a one-stage procedure. This technique may be a favorable option for perineal and genital repair.


Assuntos
Anus Imperfurado/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante , Períneo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Úlcera Cutânea/cirurgia , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Anus Imperfurado/complicações , Nádegas/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ferimentos e Lesões/congênito
17.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds ; 15(4): 338-343, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27821789

RESUMO

Donor-site wound healing was tested with a silver sulfadiazine (SSD)-impregnated hydrocolloid dressing and hydrocolloid dressing applied manually by a physician on site. A total of 14 patients, 5 woman and 9 men (23-89 years old, average = 61.6 ± 18.70 years), were enrolled in this prospective controlled study. The degree of bleeding was significantly less with the SSD-impregnated than with the hydrocolloid dressing (P < .01). In the moisture meter analysis, the values of the effective contact coefficient and corneal thickness were significantly smaller with the SSD-impregnated dressing (P < .05). In the color analysis, the clarity was significantly lower with the hydrocolloid dressing after 3 months than that of intact neighboring skin (P < .01). Regarding red-green color, SSD-impregnated and hydrocolloid values were significantly greater than the intact skin value immediately after and at 3 months, and the hydrocolloid value was significantly greater than intact at 6 months (P < .01 immediately; P < .01 at 3 months and intact at 6 months) in redness. Regarding yellow-blue color, the hydrocolloid value was significantly lower than the intact skin value at 3 months (P < .05 and intact) in yellow. The extensibility was significantly lower with the hydrocolloid dressing than in intact skin immediately (P < .01), and viscoelasticity was significantly lower with the hydrocolloid dressing than in intact skin immediately and after 3 and 6 months (P < .01 immediately and at 6 months and P < .05 at 3 months). The SSD-impregnated hydrocolloid dressing led to superior wound healing, decreased the degree of bleeding, and demonstrated better corneal barrier function, clarity, color matching, and viscoelasticity in split-thickness donors.


Assuntos
Curativos Hidrocoloides , Transplante de Pele , Cicatrização , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bandagens , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sulfadiazina de Prata , Sulfadiazina
18.
J Tissue Viability ; 25(4): 220-224, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27381251

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: Pediatric hand deep dermal and deep burns may lead to serious hand deformity with functional impairment and result in an esthetically unfavorable outcome. Since there is no guideline regarding the use of growth factors for pediatric hand burns, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of an angiogenic and regenerative growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Consecutive series of second degree or third degree palmer burns at less than 3 years of age seen from January 2010 to June 2014 were included for evaluation at 6 months post-wound healing. The bFGF treatment started from just after injury and continued up to 21 days. Each patient had their scars scored using the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS) at 6 months after wound healing. RESULTS: There were 34 children with 49 acute palmar burns. The mean healing period was 13.5 ± 4.3 days (7-44 days) and 43 wounds healed within 21 days. There was no need of additional surgery in the 43 wounds, healed within 21 days. In comparison to the wounds for which healing took more than 21 days, the wounds that healed within 21 days demonstrated significantly better pigmentation, pliability, and height according to the VSS (p < 0.05), as well as no scar contracture or hypertrophic scars. CONCLUSION: bFGF treatment was effective in cases that healed within 21 days, avoiding scar contractures and hypertrophic scars. Our methods using bFGF to complete wound healing are less invasive and produce better results in pediatric palmer burns.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/terapia , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/uso terapêutico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Queimaduras/metabolismo , Pré-Escolar , Cicatriz , Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Transplante de Pele , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Int Orthop ; 40(1): 81-6, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26152243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the pathologies of anterior capsular mechanism in older patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation in the absence of full-thickness rotator cuff tears. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-five shoulders with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation were assessed. The patients were divided into three groups by the age at the first dislocation and the surgical treatment: group A (onset and treatment were at an age over 40 years), group B (onset was at an age under 40 years and treatment was at an age over 40 years) and group C (onset and treatment were at an age under 40 years). Groups A, B and C involved nine, 31 and 355 shoulders, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of an isolated Bankart lesion was 81.7 % in group C, 33.3 % in group A and 64.5 % in group B, and each of A and B was significantly lower than group C. The prevalence of an isolated capsular tear was 3.1 % in group C, while it was 33.3 % in group A, which was significantly higher. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of an isolated Bankart lesion was low and the prevalence of a capsular tear was high in older patients. We should keep in mind the existence of a capsular tear in older patients and examine the whole anterior capsular mechanism meticulously.


Assuntos
Cápsula Articular/patologia , Luxação do Ombro/patologia , Articulação do Ombro/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artroscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Lacerações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Recidiva , Luxação do Ombro/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26512296

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Management of finger amputations of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is still controversial. Regrettably, injured PIP joints seldom regain normal active motion; thus, many investigators recommend revision amputation with skeletal injury at or proximal to the PIP joint. We report the functional outcome of patients with replantation or revascularization following complete or incomplete amputations of the PIP joint. METHODS: A total of 15 digital replantations or revascularization were performed on 11 patients (9 males and 2 females, age, 26-69 years) with severe finger injuries at the PIP joint at our Medical Center from 2010 through 2012. Seven patients with 10 complete amputations underwent replantations, and 4 with 5 incomplete avulsion amputations underwent revascularization. PIP arthrodesis was performed in all cases. Routine postoperative evaluation was performed in 13 successfully treated patients. RESULTS: The 13 successfully treated cases were tracked over a follow-up of 12 to 55 months. Arthrodesis of PIP caused significantly lower total active range of motion (TAM; 85-120°). The mean DASH score was 37/100 (range: 10-64 points). Although mobility is poorer in PIP replantations, adequate PIP joint fixation improves DASH score and hand function. CONCLUSIONS: PIP replantation along with arthrodesis at a functional position for a finger amputation should be performed when the patient wishes to undergo replantation, which facilitates patient satisfaction.

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