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1.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 73-78, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441231

RESUMO

Objective To establish an ELISA for the detection of the affinity of the epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII ) single-chain antibodies PD0721, and optimize the experimental conditions. Methods An indirect ELISA for the detection of the affinity of the PD0721 single-chain antibody which was prepared by our laboratory was established. By square matrix titration method of indirect ELISA, the experimental conditions including antibody and antigen concentrations and coating conditions were optimized, and finally the sensitivity and precision of the method were analyzed. Results The antigen was diluted with PBS to 1.25 mg/L and coated at 4 DegreesCelsius for 12 hours, 120 ng/mL PD0721 single-chain antibody and enzyme-labeled antibody at the dilution of 1:8000 were added for the best results. Indirect ELISA exhibited high performance within a dynamic range 15 ng/mL-480 ng/mL, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 7.5 ng/mL. The intra-assay coefficient variations (CV) ranged from 0.11% to 0.99% and inter-assay CV ranged from 0.68% to 3.15%. Conclusion An accurate and stable ELISA for detecting the affinity of PD0721 single-chain antibody has been established, which laid a foundation for future preparation of antibody-conjugated drugs.

2.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overexpression of Aurora-A (AURKA) is a feature of breast cancer and associates with adverse prognosis. The selective Aurora-A inhibitor alisertib (MLN8237) has recently demonstrated promising antitumor responses as a single agent in various cancer types but its phase III clinical trial was reported as a failure since MLN8237 did not show an apparent effect in prolonging the survival of patients. Thus, identification of potential targets that could enhance the activity of MLN8237 would provide a rationale for drug combination to achieve better therapeutic outcome. METHODS: Here, we conducted a systematic synthetic lethality CRISPR/Cas9 screening of 507 kinases using MLN8237 in breast cancer cells and identified a number of targetable kinases that displayed synthetic lethality interactions with MLN8237. Then, we performed competitive growth assays, colony formation assays, cell viability assays, apoptosis assays, and xenograft murine model to evaluate the synergistic therapeutic effects of Haspin (GSG2) depletion or inhibition with MLN8237. For mechanistic studies, immunofluorescence was used to detect the state of microtubules and the localization of Aurora-B and mitotic centromere-associated kinesin (MCAK). RESULTS: Among the hits, we observed that Haspin depletion or inhibition marginally inhibited breast cancer cell growth but could substantially enhance the killing effects of MLN8237. Mechanistic studies showed that co-treatment with Aurora-A and Haspin inhibitors abolished the recruitment of Aurora-B and mitotic centromere-associated kinesin (MCAK) to centromeres which were associated with excessive microtubule depolymerization, kinetochore-microtubule (KT-MT) attachment failure, and severe mitotic catastrophe. We further showed that the combination of MLN8237 and the Haspin inhibitor CHR-6494 synergistically reduced breast cancer cell viability and significantly inhibited both in vitro and in vivo tumor growth. CONCLUSIONS: These findings establish Haspin as a synthetic lethal target and demonstrate CHR-6494 as a potential combinational drug for promoting the therapeutic effects of MLN8237 on breast cancer.

3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 256: 117580, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483074

RESUMO

Hydrogels are widely used in many fields but generally suffer from low mechanical strength and poor self-healing performance. Here, a novel and facile method was developed to prepare a semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN) hydrogel with layered structure and improved properties based on sodium alginate (SA) and polyacrylamide (PAM). Systematic characterizations revealed a formation mechanism of layered structure via hydrogen bonds (HBs) promoted self-assembly of SA in the porous PAM matrix. Also, HBs can also display a key role in enhancing self-healing of the hydrogel, by which the hydrogel possesses a self-healing capacity of 99 % with sprayed by a few of water. Moreover, the layered semi-IPN structure makes the tensile strength of PAMSA hydrogel reach 266 kPa. The fabricated PAMSA hydrogel with layered microstructure containing SA provides a protocol to broaden the functionality and variety of the hydrogels.

4.
Oncogene ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479498

RESUMO

SIRT5 is a member of the sirtuin family of NAD+-dependent protein lysine deacylases implicated in a variety of physiological processes. SIRT5 removes negatively charged malonyl, succinyl, and glutaryl groups from lysine residues and thereby regulates multiple enzymes involved in cellular metabolism and other biological processes. SIRT5 is overexpressed in human breast cancers and other malignancies, but little is known about the therapeutic potential of SIRT5 inhibition for treating cancer. Here we report that genetic SIRT5 disruption in breast cancer cell lines and mouse models caused increased succinylation of IDH2 and other metabolic enzymes, increased oxidative stress, and impaired transformation and tumorigenesis. We, therefore, developed potent, selective, and cell-permeable small-molecule SIRT5 inhibitors. SIRT5 inhibition suppressed the transformed properties of cultured breast cancer cells and significantly reduced mammary tumor growth in vivo, in both genetically engineered and xenotransplant mouse models. Considering that Sirt5 knockout mice are generally normal, with only mild phenotypes observed, these data establish SIRT5 as a promising target for treating breast cancer. The new SIRT5 inhibitors provide useful probes for future investigations of SIRT5 and an avenue for targeting SIRT5 as a therapeutic strategy.

5.
Acta Biomater ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460794

RESUMO

Significant advances have been achieved in the research evaluating Zn and its alloys as degradable metallic biomaterials mainly for application in bone and blood vessels. In the present study, the degradation behaviors of Zn-0.1Li and Zn-0.8Mg alloys in simulated uterine fluid (SUF) were systematically investigated for 300 days. In vitro viability assays were conducted in different uterine cells (HUSMCs, HEECs, and HESCs), and histological examination after the in vivo implantation into the uterine cavity was performed using pure Zn as control. The immersion test results indicated that both Zn-0.1Li and Zn-0.8Mg alloys exhibited better corrosion resistance than pure Zn, with Zn3(PO4)2∙4H2O and CaZn2(PO4)2∙2H2O being the main corrosion products detected in the SUF in addition to ZnO. The cell cytotoxicity assays revealed that Zn-0.1Li and Zn-0.8Mg exhibited better cytocompatibility than Zn. Moreover, the in vivo experiments demonstrated that the Zn-0.1Li and Zn-0.8Mg alloys induced less inflammation in the uterine tissue than pure Zn, with CaCO3 and Zn(HPO4)∙3H2O being the major biocorrosion products in addition to ZnO. According to these results, zinc alloys appear to be suitable potential candidate materials for future intrauterine biomedical devices.

6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 57, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, Hubei, China. Moreover, it has become a global pandemic. This is of great value in describing the clinical symptoms of COVID-19 patients in detail and looking for markers which are significant to predict the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In this multicenter, retrospective study, 476 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled from a consecutive series. After screening, a total of 395 patients were included in this study. All-cause death was the primary endpoint. All patients were followed up from admission till discharge or death. RESULTS: The main symptoms observed in the study included fever on admission, cough, fatigue, and shortness of breath. The most common comorbidities were hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Patients with lower CD4+T cell level were older and more often male compared to those with higher CD4+T cell level. Reduced CD8+T cell level was an indicator of the severity of COVID-19. Both decreased CD4+T [HR:13.659; 95%CI: 3.235-57.671] and CD8+T [HR: 10.883; 95%CI: 3.277-36.145] cell levels were associated with in-hospital death in COVID-19 patients, but only the decrease of CD4+T cell level was an independent predictor of in-hospital death in COVID-19 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Reductions in lymphocytes and lymphocyte subsets were common in COVID-19 patients, especially in severe cases of COVID-19. It was the CD8+T cell level, not the CD4+T cell level, that reflected the severity of the patient's disease. Only reduced CD4+T cell level was independently associated with increased in-hospital death in COVID-19 patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prognostic Factors of Patients With COVID-19, NCT04292964 . Registered 03 March 2020. Retrospectively registered.

7.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 14, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nano-drug delivery systems show considerable promise for effective cancer therapy. Polymeric micelles have attracted extensive attention as practical nanocarriers for target drug delivery and controlled drug delivery system, however, the distribution of micelles and the release of the drug are difficult to trace in cancer cells. Therefore, the construction of a redox-sensitive multifunctional drug delivery system for intelligent release of anticancer drugs and simultaneous diagnostic imaging and therapy remains an attractive research subject. RESULTS: To construct a smart drug delivery system for simultaneous imaging and cancer chemotherapy, mPEG-ss-Tripp was prepared and self-assembled into redox-sensitive polymeric micelles with a diameter of 105 nm that were easily detected within cells using confocal laser scanning microscopy based on aggregation-induced emission. Doxorubicin-loaded micelles rapidly released the drug intracellularly when GSH reduced the disulfide bond. The drug-loaded micelles inhibited tumor xenografts in mice, while this efficacy was lower without the GSH-responsive disulfide bridge. These results establish an innovative multi-functional polymeric micelle for intracellular imaging and redox-triggered drug deliver to cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: A novel redox-sensitive drug delivery system with AIE property was constructed for simultaneous cellular imaging and intelligent drug delivery and release. This smart drug delivery system opens up new possibilities for multifunctional drug delivery systems.

8.
Theriogenology ; 159: 140-146, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152539

RESUMO

Efficient artificial insemination (AI) with liquid preserved boar semen is essential for the swine industry. Glucose is the most widely utilized energy source in refrigerated boar semen extenders. However, the relationship between glucose concentration and spermatozoa quality is not fully understood. In the present study, boar spermatozoa were used as a model to investigate the impact of different glucose concentrations on spermatozoa motility, mitochondrial activity, and acrosome integrity at physiological temperature (37 °C) and during refrigeration (17 °C). The proportion of progressively motile spermatozoa and mitochondrial activity in the high glucose group were significantly lower than in the low glucose group when incubated at 37 °C for 3 h or 17 °C for 3 d, but not at 17 °C for 7 d. Lysine acetylation is a reversible post-translational modification that plays a crucial role in spermatozoa function. Our results show that spermatozoa protein acetylation levels were higher in the high glucose group than in the low glucose group. The proportions of progressively motile and acrosome-intact spermatozoa were higher in acetyltransferase inhibitor (WM-1119)-treated spermatozoa than in the control. Spermatozoa acetyl-CoA concentration, which is directly linked to acetylation, was significantly higher in the high glucose group than in the low glucose group. Taken together, spermatozoa motility and acrosome integrity can be altered by changing the concentration of glucose in the extender. High glucose concentration-induced lysine acetylation participates in the regulation of boar spermatozoa motility and acrosome integrity during preservation. These results can provide insights into spermatozoa preservation and AI in the swine industry.

9.
Cereb Cortex ; 31(1): 426-438, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965471

RESUMO

Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are promising tools for assisting patients with paralysis, but suffer from long training times and variable user proficiency. Mind-body awareness training (MBAT) can improve BCI learning, but how it does so remains unknown. Here, we show that MBAT allows participants to learn to volitionally increase alpha band neural activity during BCI tasks that incorporate intentional rest. We trained individuals in mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR; a standardized MBAT intervention) and compared performance and brain activity before and after training between randomly assigned trained and untrained control groups. The MBAT group showed reliably faster learning of BCI than the control group throughout training. Alpha-band activity in electroencephalogram signals, recorded in the volitional resting state during task performance, showed a parallel increase over sessions, and predicted final BCI performance. The level of alpha-band activity during the intentional resting state correlated reliably with individuals' mindfulness practice as well as performance on a breath counting task. Collectively, these results show that MBAT modifies a specific neural signal used by BCI. MBAT, by increasing patients' control over their brain activity during rest, may increase the effectiveness of BCI in the large population who could benefit from alternatives to direct motor control.

10.
Chemosphere ; 263: 128110, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297103

RESUMO

Fish consumption is one of the major ways through which humans receive exposure to mercury (Hg). The existing forms of Hg in food, particularly Hg bound to proteins, may affect the absorption of Hg by humans and subsequently its potentially toxic effects. However, the knowledge regarding Hg-binding proteins in edible fish muscle is scarce. In the present study, salmon and tuna fish muscles, collected from seven different regions and countries, were analyzed using metallomics- and proteomics-based techniques. The concentration of Hg in sashimi samples ranged from 4.4 to 317.4 ng/g. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) showed that beta-actin was a novel Hg-binding protein from the fish muscles, and this protein could also bind bismuth (Bi), silver (Ag), and copper (Cu). Hg bound to beta-actin accounted for approximately 30.2-37.6% of the total Hg in the tuna muscles and was significantly correlated to total Hg in the fish muscles (r = 0.98, p < 0.01) and in the fraction of soluble proteins (r = 0.94, p < 0.01). These findings suggest that proteins act as the main Hg accumulation sites in edible fish; thus, increasing human exposure to Hg following gastrointestinal digestion.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Atum , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Humanos , Mercúrio/análise , Salmão , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
11.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(1): 178-192, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510618

RESUMO

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a ligand-activated transcription factor, is considered as a crucial gene during tumor formation and progress. Among various ligands, 2-(1'H-indole-3'-carbonyl)-thiazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (ITE) has been evaluated to share a broad spectrum of biological activities. However, the specific effects and potential mechanisms of ITE against hepatocellular carcinoma remain unclear. Here we explored whether ITE exerted antitumor activity against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and its potential mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. We found that ITE could markedly inhibit proliferation of HCCLM3 and SMMC-7721 cells and induce G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis with alterations of expressions of the related proteins. Also, ITE could prohibit the process of migration and invasion evaluated by transwell assay. Moreover, ITE exhibited remarkable capability to repress the growth of HCCLM3-SR cells and induce apoptosis in contrast to sorafenib. Additionally, ITE also showed potent antitumor activity against the HCCLM3 xenograft by prohibiting tumor growth without any toxicity to mice. Mechanistically, AHR activation by ITE was attributed to inhibition of HCC cells as AHR knockdown would abolish ITE-induced suppression in HCC cells, and overexpression of AHR would potentiate antitumor activity regulated by ITE. Our data suggested that ITE manifested a marked antitumor effect against HCC cells both in vitro and in vivo via AHR activation mainly through inducing G1/G0 arrest and apoptosis and inhibiting the process of migration and invasion. Furthermore, we also found the PI3K/AKT pathway was involved in sorafenib-induced resistance and ITE could restore sensitivity by suppressing the PI3K/AKT pathway. Collectively, our study revealed that ITE would be a promising therapeutic agent to deal with HCC and an alternative for drug-resistant HCC.

12.
Opt Express ; 29(1): 305-314, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362115

RESUMO

Data-processing techniques in spectroscopy are fundamental and powerful analytical tools for lots of practical applications. In the age of big data, high-speed data-processing in spectroscopy is in urgent need, especially for the real-time analysis/feedback of data stream of spectroscopy or the capture of non-repetitive/rare phenomena in fast dynamic process. So far, intensive researches focus on high-speed processing of light signal in time/spatial domain but few people find a way to do it in spectral domain. Here, we report an optical computing technology for high-speed optical spectrum processing with features of real time, multiple functions, all-fiber configuration and immunity to electromagnetic interference. The software-controlled system could perform as, but not limited to, the first-order (or arbitrary fractional-order) differentiator/integrator/Hilbert transformer and tunable band-pass filter, respectively, to handle spectral data rapidly. High-speed processing of optical spectrum at a rate of 10,000,000 times per second is demonstrated.

14.
J Control Release ; 329: 36-49, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259850

RESUMO

Deep penetration of nanomedicines to cancer cells and tissues is a main obstacle to conquering multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer. Here, we presented redox-responsive polyethyleneimine (disulfide cross-linked PEI, PSP)/tetrahedral DNA (TDNs)/doxorubicin (DOX) nanocomplexes (NCs), PSP/TDNs@DOX NCs, to accomplish tumor cell/tissue penetration for overcoming MDR. The NCs can respond to glutathione and DNase I to disassociate and release DOX. In vitro study revealed that the NCs (N/P = 30) with positive charge could be associated to cell membranes and "dig holes" on them, evoking the membrane-breaking for enhanced cellular internalization and bypassing endocytosis regardless of drug-resistant mechanism. Transwell and 3D tumor models study established that NCs can efficiently depart from cells through "holes leakage" and "infected" surrounding cells to penetrate into deep tumor tissues. In vivo study showed that the PSP/TDNs@DOX NCs exhibited superior tumor penetration and therapeutic efficiency in xenografted drug-resistant tumor mouse models including human breast (MCF-7/R) and ovarian (SKOV3/R) cancer, which represent MDR with characteristics of DOX efflux and impermeability, respectively.

15.
Adv Mater ; : e2003168, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296128

RESUMO

The emerging class of topological materials provides a platform to engineer exotic electronic structures for a variety of applications. As complex band structures and Fermi surfaces can directly benefit thermoelectric performance it is important to identify the role of featured topological bands in thermoelectrics particularly when there are coexisting classic regular bands. In this work, the contribution of Dirac bands to thermoelectric performance and their ability to concurrently achieve large thermopower and low resistivity in novel semimetals is investigated. By examining the YbMnSb2 nodal line semimetal as an example, the Dirac bands appear to provide a low resistivity along the direction in which they are highly dispersive. Moreover, because of the regular-band-provided density of states, a large Seebeck coefficient over 160 µV K-1 at 300 K is achieved in both directions, which is very high for a semimetal with high carrier concentration. The combined highly dispersive Dirac and regular bands lead to ten times increase in power factor, reaching a value of 2.1 mW m-1 K-2 at 300 K. The present work highlights the potential of such novel semimetals for unusual electronic transport properties and guides strategies towards high thermoelectric performance.

17.
Mol Reprod Dev ; 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331096

RESUMO

The oocyte is vulnerable to various environmental stressors, including heat exposure. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) comprise functional units for oocytes in vitro maturation, and the cumulus cells provide essential supports and protect the oocyte from environmental insults. Heat exposure results in varied consequences in oocyte, presumably due to different responses of cumulus cells to heat exposure. In this study, we examined whether heat exposure of different duration affects porcine oocytes quality differently, and how such effects, if any, relate to transcriptomic profiles of cumulus cells. COCs were heat-exposed for 4 h (20-24 h, COC4) and 24 h (0-24 h, COC24), respectively, and the quality of oocytes in COC24 group showed significantly impaired with disrupted cumulus expansion and extracellular matrix (ECM) structure. The transcriptomic analysis identified 749 and 1238 differential expression genes (DEGs) in COC4 and COC24, respectively. Moreover, 852 DEGs were found when COC24 was compared with COC4, and the downregulated DEGs were mainly associated with Gene Ontology terms linked with ECM and cell proliferation. In the protein-protein interaction network, HSPE1, TNFAIP6, COL12A1, and COL18A1 were identified as hub genes playing important roles in heat-induced transcriptomic responses. These results indicate that impaired cumulus proliferation and ECM structure are responsible for heat-induced damage in oocytes quality.

18.
Plant Dis ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320039

RESUMO

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a leafy, annual, solanaceous plant grown commercially for its leaves. It is one of the most important cash crops in China. In April of 2020, tobacco stems in commercial tobacco fields developed a brown to dark brown rot, in the Hunan Province of China. Almost 20% of the plants were infected. Symptoms appeared as round water-soaked spots, then turned dark black and developed into brown necrotic lesions leading to the stem becoming girdled and rotted. Diseased stem tissue was cut and sterilized with 70% ethanol for 10 s, 0.1% HgCl2 for 2 min, rinsed with sterile distilled water three times, and then plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 26°C in the dark. Six isolates with similar morphology were obtained. Colonies cultured on PDA have morphological characteristics of Fusarium spp. producing white to orange-white, densely aerial mycelium with magenta to dark violet pigmentation. Macroconidia were produced on carnation leaf agar plates (Xi et al. 2019), which were slightly curved, with apical and basal cells curved, and usually contained three or five septa, 25.50 to 41.50×3.55 to 5.80 µm (n=50). Microconidia were cylindrical, ovate-oblong, straight to slightly curved, aseptate and 5.80 to 13.75 × 3.10 to 4.10 µm (n=50). For molecular identification, the translation elongation factor 1-alpha (EF1-α), the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II gene sequences (RPB2) and the mitochondrial small subunit rDNA (mtSSU) of a representative isolate CZ3-5-6 were amplified using the primer pairs ef1/ef2 (O'Donnell et al. 1998), 5F2/7Cr (O'Donnell et al. 2010) and NMS1/ NMS2 (Li et al. 1994). The obtained EF1-α, RPB2 and mtSSU sequences (GenBank accession nos. MT708482, MT708483 and MW260121, respectively) were 99.70 %, 100% and 100% identical to strains of F. commune (HM057338.1 for EF1-α, KU171700.1 for RPB2 and MG846025 for mtSSU). Moreover, Fusarium-ID database searches revealed that the EF1-α and RPB2 were 100% identical to F. commune strains (FD_01140_EF-1a and FD_02411_RPB2). Based on the morphological and molecular characteristics of the representative isolate, the fungal species was identified as F. commune. Pathogenicity testing of a representative isolate was performed by inoculating tobacco plants, which were grown for 2.5 months in a sterile pot with autoclaved soil. Each tobacco stem was injected with 20 µl of conidial suspension (105 spores/ml). Plants inoculated with sterilized water served as control. The pathogenicity tests were performed twice using three replicate plants, and all plants were kept in humid chambers (80 × 50 × 80 cm) at 26°C with a 12-h photoperiod. After 10 days, dark brown necrotic symptoms around the inoculated site, similar to those observed in natural field, were developed in all inoculated plants, whereas no symptoms were observed on the control plants. The pathogenic fungus was re-isolated from symptomatic tissue and identified as F. commune but was not recovered from the control plants. Fusarium commune has been reported to cause root rot or stalk and stem rot on some plants, such as sugarcane (Wang et al. 2018), Gentiana scabra (Guan et al. 2016) and maize (Xi et al. 2019). However, to our knowledge, this is the first report of F. commune causing stem rot on tobacco in China. Identification of F. commune as a stem rot causing pathogen might provide important insights for disease diagnosis on tobacco caused by different Fusarium species. Overall, this disease might bring a threat to tobacco production, and appropriate control measures should be adopted to reduce losses in tobacco fields.

19.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351010

RESUMO

Exploring highly effective and low-cost non-noble metal-based electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is critical for renewable energy conversion and metal-air batteries. Herein, a novel and high-efficient OER catalyst was reported with nitrogen-doped oxide/sulfide heterostructures (named N-NiCo2S4/CoO microsphere). The N-NiCo2S4/CoO microsphere was synthesized by annealing NiCo-BTC MOF to a multi-layered hollow structure of NiCo2O4 microspheres, followed by the direct vulcanization in the presence of NH4HCO3, resulting in an oxide/sulfide heterojunction. Benefiting from the nitrogen doping, the abundant multi-layered hollow heterostructure and the interfaces between multiple components, the N-NiCo2S4/CoO microsphere exhibited excellent OER activity with a low overpotential of 227 mV at 10 mA cm-2. The Zn-air battery based on the N-NiCo2S4/CoO + Pt/C catalyst displayed excellent cycling stability after 900 cycles at a large current density of 5 mA cm-2, where the commercial RuO2 + Pt/C-based battery exhibited a big drop after only 30 cycles, suggesting its great application prospects as power source devices.

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