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1.
Heliyon ; 9(2): e13090, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36713626

RESUMO

Objective: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an increased mental burden has been widely reported among medical health workers such as physicians and nurses. However, data on laboratory technicians exposed to COVID-19 have rarely been published. The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of psychological symptoms among laboratory technicians and analyze potential risk factors associated with these symptoms. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was performed via the Wenjuanxing platform (a professional online questionnaire platform) (https://www.wjx.cn/mobile/statnew.aspx) to investigate the mental health of laboratory technicians during the COVID-19 pandemic in Hebei, China from October 4, 2021, to November 3, 2021. The online questionnaire included demographic and occupational characteristics data of responders, and the Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL90-R)was used to quantify the magnitude of psychological symptoms among laboratory technicians. Participants' demographic and occupational characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistical analyses. Chi-square tests were applied to compare the severity of each symptom between two or more groups. A binary logistic regression model was developed to identify the predictors of laboratory technicians' mental health in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and outcomes are presented as odds ratios and 95% confidence interval. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 21 (SPSS, New Orchard Road, Armonk, New York, USA). Results: A total of 3081 valid questionnaires were collected. Of these 3081 participants, 338 (11.0%) reported a total SCL90-R score >160, which indicated positive psychological symptoms. Among the 338 participants who reported psychological problems, most of them were mild symptoms. Several factors associated with mental health problems in laboratory technicians during COVID-19 were found, which include a history of physical and/or psychological problems (all 10 symptoms p < 0.001), more than 10 years of work experience (depression symptoms: OR = 2.350, p = 0.024; anxiety symptoms: OR = 2.642, p = 0.038), frontline work (depression symptoms: OR = 1.761, p = 0.001; anxiety symptoms: OR = 2.619, p < 0.001; hostility symptoms: OR = 1.913, p = 0.001), participant in more than 3 times large-scale SARS-CoV-2 screenings and more than 36 h per week in SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing. Conclusion: A portion of laboratory technicians reported experiencing varying levels of psychological burden. During the COVID-19 pandemic, multiple interventions should be developed and implemented to address existing psychosocial challenges and promote the mental health of laboratory technicians.

2.
Small ; : e2206949, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599619

RESUMO

Ruthenium (Ru)-based catalysts have displayed compelling hydrogen evolution activities, which hold the promising potential to substitute platinum in alkaline H2 -evolution. In the challenging alkaline electrolytes, the water-dissociation process involves multistep reactions, while the profound origin and intrinsic factors of diverse Ru species on water-dissociation pathways and reaction principles remain ambiguous. Here the fundamental origin of water-dissociation pathways of Ru-based catalysts in alkaline media to be from their unique electronic structures in complex coordination environments are disclosed. These theoretical results validate that the modulated electronic structures with delocalization-localization coexistence at their boundaries between the Ru nanocluster and single-atom site have a profound influence on water-dissociation pathways, which push H2 O* migration and binding orientation during the splitting process, thus enhancing the dissociation kinetics. By creating Ru catalysts with well-defined nanocluster, single-atom site, and also complex site, the electrocatalytic data shows that both the nanocluster and single-atom play essential roles in water-dissociation, while the complex site possesses synergistically enhanced roles in alkaline electrolytes. This study discloses a new electronic structure-dependent water-dissociation pathway and reaction principle in Ru-based catalysts, thus offering new inspiration to design efficient and durable catalysts for the practical production of H2 in alkaline electrolytes.

3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701838

RESUMO

The gas-phase reaction between the 1-indenyl (C9H7•) radical and the cyclopentadienyl (C5H5•) radical has been investigated for the first time using synchrotron-based mass spectrometry coupled with a pyrolytic reactor. Soft photoionization with tunable vacuum ultraviolet photons afforded for the isomer-selective identification of the production of phenanthrene, anthracene, and benzofulvalene (C14H10). The classical theory prevalent in the literature proposing that radicals combine only at their specific radical centers is challenged by our discovery of an unusual reaction pathway that involves a barrierless combination of a resonantly stabilized hydrocarbon radical with an aromatic radical at the carbon atom adjacent to the traditional C1 radical center; this unconventional addition is followed by substantial isomerization into phenanthrene and anthracene via a category of exotic spiroaromatic intermediates. This result leads to a deeper understanding of the evolution of the cosmic carbon budget and provides new methodologies for the bottom-up synthesis of unique spiroaromatics that may be relevant for the synthesis of more complex aromatic carbon skeletons in deep space.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1242: 340812, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657884

RESUMO

Currently, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the outbreak of a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is spreading rapidly worldwide. Due to the high incidence of influenza coinciding with SARS-CoV-2, rapid detection is crucial to prevent spreading. Here, we present an integrated dual-layer microfluidic platform for specific and highly sensitive SARS-CoV-2, influenza viruses A (FluA) H1N1, H3N2, and influenza virus B (FluB) simultaneous detection. The platform includes a dual microchip (Dµchip) and a portable detection device for real-time fluorescence detection, temperature control and online communication. The Reverse Transcription Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) and Cas12a cleavage were performed on the Dµchip. The limit of detection (LoD) of the Dµchip assay was 10 copies for SARS-CoV-2, FluA H1N1, H3N2, and FluB RNAs. The Dµchip assay yielded no cross-reactivity against other coronaviruses, so it was suitable for the screening of multiple viruses. Moreover, the positive percentage agreement (PPA) and negative percentage agreement (NPA) of the assay were 97.9% and 100%, respectively, in 75 clinical samples compared to data from RT-PCR-based assays. Furthermore, the assay allowed the detection SARS-CoV-2 and influenza viruses in spiked samples. Overall, the present platform would provide a rapid method for the screening of multiple viruses in hospital emergency, community and primary care settings and facilitate the remote diagnosis and outbreak control of the COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Humanos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , SARS-CoV-2 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/genética , Microfluídica , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , RNA Viral
5.
Chemosphere ; 318: 137915, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702411

RESUMO

In this study, a facile hydrothermal method was employed to prepare Me-doped Bi2Fe4O9 (Me = Zn, Cu, Co, and Mn) as peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activator for ciprofloxacin (CIP) degradation. The characteristics of the Me-doped bismuth ferrites were investigated using various characterization instruments including SEM, TEM, FTIR and porosimeter indicating that the Me-doped Bi2Fe4O9 with nanosheet-like square orthorhombic structure was successfully obtained. The catalytic activity of various Me-doped Bi2Fe4O9 was compared and the results indicated that the Cu-doped Bi2Fe4O9 at 0.08 wt.% (denoted as BFCuO-0.08) possessed the greatest catalytic activity (kapp = 0.085 min-1) over other Me-doped Bi2Fe4O9 under the same condition. The synergistic interaction between Cu, Fe and oxygen vacancies are the key factors which enhanced the performance of Me-doped Bi2Fe4O9. The effects of catalyst loading, PMS dosage, and pH on CIP degradation were also investigated indicating that the performance increased with increasing catalyst loading, PMS dosage, and pH. Meanwhile, the dominant reactive oxygen species was identified using the chemical scavengers with SO4•-, •OH, and 1O2 playing a major role in CIP degradation. The performance of BFCuO-0.08 deteriorated in real water matrix (tap water, river water and secondary effluent) due to the presence of various water matrix species. Nevertheless, the BFCuO-0.08 catalyst possessed remarkable stability and can be reused for at least four successive cycles with >70% of CIP degradation efficiency indicating that it is a promising catalyst for antibiotics removal.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705580

RESUMO

Bemisia tabaci has developed high resistance to many insecticides and causes substantial agricultural and economic losses annually. The insecticide resistance of whitefly has been widely reported in previous studies; however, the underlying mechanism remains little known. In this study, we cloned two P450 genes: CYP6DW3 and CYP6DW5v1; these genes were markedly overexpressed in imidacloprid-resistant whitefly populations compared with susceptible populations, and knockdown of these genes decreased the imidacloprid resistance of whitefly. Moreover, heterologous expression of whitefly P450 genes in SF9 cells and metabolic studies showed that the CYP6DW3 protein could metabolize 14.11% imidacloprid and produced imidacloprid-urea in vitro. Collectively, the expression levels of CYP6DW3 and CYP6DW5v1 are positively correlated with imidacloprid resistance in B. tabaci. Our study further reveals that cytochrome P450 enzymes affect the physiological activities related to resistance in insects, which helps scholars more deeply understand the resistance mechanism, and contributes to the development of integrated pest management framework.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 869: 161875, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709894

RESUMO

Aeration is of great importance in landfill remediation. However, most existing studies on aerobic waste degradation ignore the presence of landfill gases. In this study, gas characteristics during aerobic waste degradation in the presence of landfill gas in lab-scale lysimeters were investigated. Oxygen (O2) was intermittently injected into municipal solid waste. Changes in the gas concentration and reaction rate of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and O2 during the reaction process were monitored and calculated. The results showed that all reactions, including aerobic degradation, CH4 oxidation, and anaerobic waste degradation, occurred simultaneously during landfill aeration. The maximum O2 consumption rate was 0.013 mol day-1 kg-1 dry waste. CH4 production was stimulated after the O2 content was insufficient to sustain the aerobic environment. Higher CH4 production was likely attributed to the remaining substrate and biomass from dead aerobic microorganisms decomposed by growing anaerobic microorganisms. Based on the biochemical reaction and principle of mass conservation, a gas balance model during waste aeration was established to analyze the proportions of aerobic waste degradation, CH4 oxidation, and anaerobic waste degradation. The CH4 oxidation reaction was more advantageous than the aerobic waste degradation reaction during aeration. With an increase in gas injection times, the anaerobic reaction gradually weakened. The maximum proportion of CH4 oxidation reaction could achieve at 21.4 % during aeration, which is of great significance for the waste degradation reaction. The maximum proportion of aerobic waste degradation and the minimum proportion of anaerobic waste degradation were approximately 16.0 % and 74.2 %, respectively. The results show that landfill gas should be considered in the progress of landfill aeration. This study provides a novel approach for calculating the proportion of reactions during landfill aeration, which deepens the understanding of the reaction process and contributes to the design of aerobic landfill projects.

8.
J Biol Chem ; : 102903, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642179

RESUMO

Members of glycosyltransferase family 75 (GT75) not only reversibly catalyze the autoglycosylation of a conserved arginine residue with specific NDP-sugars, but also exhibit NDP-pyranose mutase activity that reversibly converts specific NDP-pyranose to NDP-furanose. The latter activity provides valuable NDP-furanosyl donors for glycosyltransferases and requires a divalent cation as a cofactor instead of FAD used by UDP-D-galactopyranose mutase. However, details of the mechanism for NDP-pyranose mutase activity are not clear. Here we report the first crystal structures of GT75 family NDP-pyranose mutases. The novel structures of GT75 member MtdL in complex with Mn2+ and GDP, GDP-D-glucopyranose, GDP-L-fucopyranose, GDP-L-fucofuranose, respectively, combined with site-directed mutagenesis studies, reveal key residues involved in Mn2+ coordination, substrate binding and catalytic reactions. We also provide a possible catalytic mechanism for this unique type of NDP-pyranose mutase. Taken together, our results highlight key elements of an enzyme family important for furanose biosynthesis.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645592

RESUMO

High concentration of surface ozone (O3) will cause health risks to people. In order to analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics of O3 and assess O3 exposure and health risks for different age groups in China, we applied multiple methods including standard deviation ellipse, spatial autocorrelation, and exposure-response functions. Results show that O3 concentrations increased in 64.5% of areas in China from 2013 to 2018. The central plain urban agglomeration (CPU), Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH), and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) witnessed the greatest incremental rates of O3 by 16.7%, 14.3%, and 13.1%. Spatially, the trend of O3 shows a significant positive autocorrelation, and high trend values primarily in central and east China. The proportion of the total population exposed to high O3 (above 160 µg/m3) increased annually. Compared to 2013, the proportion of the young, adult, and old populations exposed to high O3 increased to different extents in 2018 by 26.8%, 29.6%, and 27.2%, respectively. The extent of population exposure risk areas in China expanded in size, particularly in north and east China. The total premature respiratory mortalities attributable to long-term O3 exposure in six urban agglomerations were about 177,000 in 2018 which has increased by 16.4% compared to that in 2013. Among different age groups, old people are more vulnerable to O3 pollution, so we need to strengthen their relevant health protection of them.

10.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(2): 430-436, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622768

RESUMO

1-Germavinylidene (H2CGe; X1A1), the germanium analogue of vinylidene (H2CC; X1A1), was prepared via a directed gas-phase synthesis through the bimolecular reaction of ground state atomic carbon (C; 3P) with germane (GeH4; X1A1) under single-collision conditions. The reaction commences with the barrierless insertion of carbon into the Ge-H bond followed by intersystem crossing from the triplet to singlet surface and migration of atomic hydrogen to germylene (H2GeCH2), which predominantly decomposes via molecular hydrogen loss to 1-germavinylidene (H2CGe; X1A1). Therefore, the replacement of a single carbon atom in the acetylene-vinylidene system by germanium critically impacts the chemical bonding, molecular structure, and thermodynamic stability of the carbene-type structures favoring 1-germavinylidene (H2CGe) over germyne (HGeCH) by 160 kJ mol-1. Hence, the carbon-germane system represents a benchmark in the exploration of the chemistries of main group 14 elements with germanium-bearing systems showing few similarities with the isovalent carbon system.

11.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 31: 1-12, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36570672

RESUMO

Increased ovarian fibrosis and an expanded stromal cell compartment are the main characteristics of aging ovaries. However, the molecular mechanisms and the key factor of stromal cells underlying ovarian aging remain unclear. Here, we explored single-cell transcriptomic data of ovaries from the adult mouse (4,363 cells), young (1,122 cells), and aged (1,479 cells) non-human primates (NHPs) to identify expression patterns of stromal cells between young and old ovaries. An increased number of stromal cells (p = 0.0386) was observed in aged ovaries of NHPs, with enrichment processes related to the collagen-containing extracellular matrix. In addition, differentially expressed genes of stromal cells between young and old ovaries were regulated by ESR1 (p = 7.94E-08) and AR (p = 1.99E-05). Among them, EGFR was identified as the common target and was highly expressed (p = 7.69E-39) in old ovaries. In human ovaries, the correlated genes of EGFR were associated with the process of the cell-substrate junction. Silencing of EGFR in human ovarian stromal cells led to the reduction of cell-substrate junction via regulating phosphorylation modification of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway and stromal cell marker genes. Overall, we identified high levels of EGFR for stromal cells in ovarian aging, which provides insight into the cell type-specific molecular mechanisms underlying ovarian aging at single-cell resolution.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(6): e202216972, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524679

RESUMO

The simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) carrying a five-membered ring-9H-fluorene (C13 H10 )-is produced isomer-specifically in the gas phase by reacting benzyl (C7 H7 ⋅) with phenyl (C6 H5 ⋅) radicals in a pyrolytic reactor coupled with single photon ionization mass spectrometry. The unconventional mechanism of reaction is supported by theoretical calculations, which first produces diphenylmethane and unexpected 1-(6-methylenecyclohexa-2,4-dienyl)benzene intermediates (C13 H12 ) accessed via addition of the phenyl radical to the ortho position of the benzyl radical. These findings offer convincing evidence for molecular mass growth processes defying conventional wisdom that radical-radical reactions are initiated through recombination at their radical centers. The structure of 9H-fluorene acts as a molecular building block for complex curved nanostructures like fullerenes and nanobowls providing fundamental insights into the hydrocarbon evolution in high temperature settings.

13.
Neuroreport ; 34(1): 1-8, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504042

RESUMO

The ability to form predictions based on recent sensory experience is essential for behavioral adaptation to our ever-changing environment. Predictive encoding represented by neuronal activity has been observed in sensory cortex, but how this neuronal activity is transformed into anticipatory motor behavior remains unclear. Fiber photometry to investigate a corticostriatal projection from the auditory cortex to the posterior striatum during an auditory paradigm in mice, and pharmacological experiments in a task that induces a temporal expectation of upcoming sensory stimuli. We find that the auditory corticostriatal projection relays both sound-evoked stimulus information as well as predictive signals in relation to stimulus timing following rhythmic auditory stimulation. Pharmacological experiments suggest that this projection is required for the initiation of both sound-evoked and anticipatory licking behavior in an auditory associative-learning behavioral task, but not for the general recognition of presented auditory stimuli. This auditory corticostriatal projection carries predictive signals, and the posterior striatum is critical to the anticipatory stimulus-driven motor behavior.


Assuntos
Córtex Auditivo , Som , Animais , Camundongos , Estimulação Acústica , Neostriado , Cognição
14.
Chemosphere ; 313: 137613, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549508

RESUMO

Nanobubble water (NBW) could improve methane production from anaerobic digestion (AD) of corn straw without secondary contamination. In this study, the effect of carbon dioxide nanobubble water (CO2-NBW) volumes (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) on methane production from corn straw was investigated. The results showed that addition of CO2-NBW could improve methane production and promote substrate degradation in AD process. The highest cumulative methane production of 132.16 mL g-1VSadded was obtained in the 100% CO2-NBW added reactor, which was 17% higher than that in the control group. Additionally, the addition of CO2-NBW could mitigate the sharp decrease in pH by acting as a buffer. CO2-NBW could also enhance microorganism activity throughout the AD process. The electron transport system (ETS) activity was increased by 23%, while the ß-glucosidase, dehydrogenase (DHA), and coenzyme F420 activities were increased by 15%, 23%, and 11%, respectively, at optimum addition of CO2-NBW. Meanwhile, addition of CO2-NBW accelerated the production and consumption of reducing sugar and volatile fatty acids (VFAs), promoting the reduction rates of TS (Total solid) and VS (Volatile solid).


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Zea mays , Anaerobiose , Dióxido de Carbono , Água , Metano , Suplementos Nutricionais , Biocombustíveis
15.
Forensic Sci Int ; 342: 111505, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493654

RESUMO

In order to investigate the sensitivity of parameters and analyze the uncertainty of reconstructed results in traffic accident, the impact of correlations between parameters on accident reconstruction results was taken into account using uncertainty analysis. Based on unscented transformation (UT), a parameter sensitivity analysis method and an efficient uncertainty analysis method in accident reconstruction were proposed. Sensitivity analysis was performed through the sigma point sets generated by the UT method. A first-order response surface model was constructed to analyze the sensitivity of accident reconstruction parameters combined with regression analysis, which is more flexible and controllable than the general experimental design. For the uncertainty analysis of the reconstructed results, the other methods have been used to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method, including the first second-order method of moments (FOSM), the uncertainty theory, and the Monte Carlo (MC) methods, through analyzing the numerical and real-world cases. The results show that the presented method has high accuracy, significantly reduces the computational burden, and does not depend on the distribution type of variables. When considering the effect of the correlation between parameters of the vehicle-pedestrian crash on accident reconstruction results, the results show that the correlation coefficient between random variables had a much more significant impact on the standard deviation of vehicle speed than on the mean value of vehicle speed. Regardless of negative or positive correlations, the relative error of standard deviation of vehicle speed increased continuously as the correlation increased, reaching 52%. The proposed method is effective and reliable for vehicle collision accident reconstruction under uncertainty and correlation, which can provide more comprehensive information in accident reconstruction.


Assuntos
Pedestres , Humanos , Incerteza , Acidentes de Trânsito , Método de Monte Carlo
16.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1074873, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36466281

RESUMO

Gene transcription is largely regulated by cis-regulatory elements. Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) is an emerging technology that can accurately map cis-regulatory elements in animals and plants. However, the presence of cell walls and chloroplasts in plants hinders the extraction of high-quality nuclei, thereby affects the quality of ATAC-seq data. Meanwhile, it is tricky to perform ATAC-seq with different tissue types, especially for those with limited size and amount. Moreover, with rapid growth of ATAC-seq datasets from plants, powerful and easy-to-use data analysis pipelines for ATAC-seq, especially for wheat is lacking. Here, we provided an all-in-one solution for mapping open chromatin in wheat including both experimental and data analysis procedure. We efficiently obtained nuclei with less cell debris from various wheat tissues. High-quality ATAC-seq data from young spike and ovary, which are hard to harvest were generated. We determined that the saturation sequencing depth of wheat ATAC-seq is about 16 Gb. Particularly, we developed a powerful and easy-to-use online pipeline to analyze the wheat ATAC-seq data and this pipeline can be easily extended to other plant species. The method developed here will facilitate plant regulatory genome study not only for wheat but also for other plant species.

17.
Front Physiol ; 13: 983954, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467690

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the bioavailability of zinc (Zn) from zinc-glycine (Zn-Gly) and zinc-methionine (Zn-Met) as compared with zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) used as a standard in broilers. A total of 1,200 one-day-old male broilers (Cobb 500) were randomly allotted to one of 10 treatments with eight replicate cages of 15 birds each. The broilers were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet (containing 26.46 mg Zn/kg; control) or the basal diet added with 40, 80, and 120 mg Zn/kg as Zn-Gly, Zn-Met, or ZnSO4 for 14 days. The relative bioavailability value (RBV) was calculated based on multiple linear regression slope ratios of Zn concentrations in tibia and pancreas, pancreas metallothionein (MT) concentration, and pancreas MT mRNA abundance on added Zn intake. When comparing the control with all Zn-supplemented treatments, Zn addition did not significantly affect average feed intake and bodyweight gain during days 1-14 (p > 0.10). However, Zn concentrations in the tibia, pancreas, and liver and pancreas MT concentration and MT mRNA abundance increased in all Zn-supplemented treatments compared with the control (p < 0.05), and these indices increased linearly (p < 0.001) with increasing added Zn levels on days 7 and 14. The RBV of Zn as Zn-Met was similar to that as Zn-Gly or ZnSO4 (p > 0.40) on days 7 and 14, based on tibia and pancreas Zn. In contrast, on days 7 and 14, the RBVs of Zn were in the following order: Zn-Met > Zn-Gly > ZnSO4 (p < 0.05), based on pancreas MT concentration. The bioavailable Zn from Zn-Met was 1.20 or 1.25 times that from Zn-Gly on day 7 or 14, respectively, evaluated by pancreas MT content. The RBV of Zn as Zn-Met was similar to that as Zn-Gly or ZnSO4 on day 7, whereas it was higher than that as Zn-Gly or ZnSO4 on day 14, based on pancreas MT mRNA abundance. In conclusion, Zn-Met had higher bioavailable Zn than Zn-Gly for the starter broilers fed with the corn-soybean meal diet, using pancreas MT concentration as the response criterion.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454210

RESUMO

Gas-phase 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene (C8H8) and triplet aromatic 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene (C8H8) were formed for the first time through bimolecular methylidyne radical (CH)-1,3,5-cycloheptatriene (C7H8) reactions under single-collision conditions on a doublet surface. The reaction involves methylidyne radical addition to the olefinic π electron system of 1,3,5-cycloheptatriene followed by isomerization and ring expansion to an aromatic 1,3,5-cyclooctatrien-7-yl radical (C8H9•). The chemically activated doublet radical intermediate undergoes unimolecular decomposition to 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene. Substituted 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene molecules can be prepared in the gas phase with hydrogen atom(s) in the 1,3,5-cycloheptatriene reactant being replaced by organic side groups. These findings are also of potential interest to organometallic chemists by expanding the synthesis of exotic transition-metal complexes incorporating substituted 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene dianion (C8H82-) ligands and to untangle the unimolecular decomposition of chemically activated and substituted 1,3,5-cyclooctatrien-7-yl radical, eventually gaining a fundamental insight of their bonding chemistry, electronic structures, and stabilities.

19.
Age Ageing ; 51(12)2022 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Incidence of Dementia (CAIDE) dementia risk score is a recognised tool for dementia risk stratification. However, its application is limited due to the requirements for multidimensional information and fasting blood draw. Consequently, an effective and non-invasive tool for screening individuals with high dementia risk in large population-based settings is urgently needed. METHODS: a deep learning algorithm based on fundus photographs for estimating the CAIDE dementia risk score was developed and internally validated by a medical check-up dataset included 271,864 participants in 19 province-level administrative regions of China, and externally validated based on an independent dataset included 20,690 check-up participants in Beijing. The performance for identifying individuals with high dementia risk (CAIDE dementia risk score ≥ 10 points) was evaluated by area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) with 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: the algorithm achieved an AUC of 0.944 (95% CI: 0.939-0.950) in the internal validation group and 0.926 (95% CI: 0.913-0.939) in the external group, respectively. Besides, the estimated CAIDE dementia risk score derived from the algorithm was significantly associated with both comprehensive cognitive function and specific cognitive domains. CONCLUSIONS: this algorithm trained via fundus photographs could well identify individuals with high dementia risk in a population setting. Therefore, it has the potential to be utilised as a non-invasive and more expedient method for dementia risk stratification. It might also be adopted in dementia clinical trials, incorporated as inclusion criteria to efficiently select eligible participants.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Demência , Humanos , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Cognição
20.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(24)2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556686

RESUMO

In this work, we reported an unusual phenomenon of strain neutral layer (SNL) spreading in an as-rolled AZ31B magnesium alloy sheet during V-bending. The SNL on the middle symmetrical surface perpendicular to the transverse direction (TD) of the sheet extended to the compression region and was accompanied by a mound-like feature. However, the SNL on the side surface perpendicular to the TD was distributed with a parallel band feature. The underlying mechanism was revealed by the finite element (FE) analysis. The results indicate that the three-dimensional compressive stresses in the compression region of the bending samples were responsible for the above phenomenon. Moreover, the area of the SNL in the middle position gradually decreased as the bending test progressed. The findings in this study provide some new insights into the bending deformation behavior of magnesium alloy.

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