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1.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550877

RESUMO

Eighteen novel 3/5(3,5)-(di)nitropaeonol hydrazone derivatives were prepared, and their structures well characterized by 1H NMR, HRMS, and mp. Due to the steric hindrance, the substituents on the C = N double bond of all hydrazine compounds (except E/Z = 4/1 for IV-1g, IV-1l, IV-2b, and E/Z = 3/2 for IV-1n, IV-3a) adopted E configuration. Among all compounds, four compounds 2, 4, IV-1j, and IV-1n exhibited potent nematicidal activity than their precursor paeonol, especially 5-nitropaeonol (2) and 3,5-dinitropaeonol (4) displayed the most potent nematicidal activity Heterodera glycines in vivo with LC50 values of 32.3307 and 36.7074 mg/L, respectively.

2.
J Gen Intern Med ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discharge against medical advice may be associated with more readmissions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate DAMA in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and identify the relationship between DAMA and 30-day unplanned readmissions. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: The National Readmission Database was used to identify inpatients with a primary diagnosis of AIS who were either discharged home or DAMA between 2010 and 2017 in the USA. MEASURES: Demographic features, hospital type, comorbidities, stroke risk factors, severity indices, and treatments were compared between patients discharged routinely and DAMA. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate predictors of DAMA, and a double robust inverse probability of treatment weighting method was used to assess the association between DAMA and 30-day unplanned readmissions. KEY RESULTS: Overall, 1,335,484 patients with AIS were included, of whom 2.09% (n = 27,892) were DAMA. The prevalence of DAMA in AIS patients increased from 1.65 in 2010 to 2.57% in 2017. The rates of 30-day unplanned readmissions for DAMA and non-DAMA patients were 16.81% and 7.78%, respectively. Patients with drug abuse, alcohol abuse, smoking, prior stroke, psychoses, and intravenous thrombolysis had greater odds of DAMA. DAMA was associated with all-cause readmissions (OR, 2.04; 95% CI, 2.01-2.07) and remained a strong predictor for transient ischemic attack/stroke-specific and cardiac-specific causes of readmissions. CONCLUSIONS: Although the DAMA rate is low in AIS patients, DAMA is a risk factor for all-cause and recurrent stroke-specific readmissions. Future studies are needed to address issues around compliance and engagement with health care to reduce DAMA.

3.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570690

RESUMO

In mammals, mature miR-122 is 22 nucleotides long and can be involved in regulating a variety of physiological and biological pathways. In this study, the expression profile and effects of grouper Epinephelus coioides miR-122 response to Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) infection were investigated. The sequences of mature microRNAs (miRNAs) from different organisms are highly conserved, and miR-122 from E. coioides exhibits high similarity to that from mammals and other fish. The expression of miR-122 was up-regulated during SGIV infection. Up-regulation of miR-122 could significantly enhance the cytopathic effects (CPE) induced by SGIV, the transcription levels of viral genes (MCP, VP19, LITAF and ICP18), and viral replication; reduce the expression of inflammatory factors (TNF-a, IL-6, and IL-8), and the activity of AP-1 and NF-κB, and miR-122 can bind the target gene p38α MAPK to regulate the SGIV-induced cell apoptosis and the protease activity of caspase-3. The results indicated that SGIV infection can up-regulate the expression of E. coioides miR-122, and up-regulation of miR-122 can affect the activation of inflammatory factors, the activity of AP-1 and NF-κB, and cell apoptosis to regulate viral replication and proliferation.

4.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 282-287, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for treating metastatic pelvic tumors and recurrent ovary cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with metastatic pelvic tumors or recurrent ovary cancer were enrolled in this study. Among them, 5 patients had ovarian cancer, 1 had cervical cancer, 1 had endometrial cancer, and 1 had rectal cancer. Six of them received abdominal surgical operation for their primary cancer, no one received radiotherapy. HIFU treatment was performed under conscious sedation. Vital signs were monitored during the procedure, and adverse effects were recorded. Postoperative follow-up was performed to observe pain relief and the improvement of the patient's quality of life. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 54 (range: 33-76) years, with a total of 12 lesions. The average volume of the lesions was 238.0 cm3. Six patients completed 12 months follow-up. Postoperative pain relief rate was 60% (3/5), and the quality of life improved in the short term. The main adverse effect of HIFU was pain in the treated area, with the pain score lower than 4, and all of which was self-relieved within 1 day after HIFU treatment. No serious complications such as skin burn, intestinal perforation, and nerve injury occurred. CONCLUSION: HIFU is feasible for the treatment of metastatic pelvic tumors or recurrent ovary cancer without serious complications. Therefore, HIFU seems a promising treatment for recurrent ovary cancer, metastatic pelvic tumors from cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, and rectal cancer.

5.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112521, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609534

RESUMO

Oxygen therapy is a common treatment in neonatal intensive care units, but long-term continuous hyperoxia ventilation may induce acute lung injury (ALI). Gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis participates in various diseases including ALI, but the role of GSDMD in hyperoxia-induced ALI is yet understood. Here, we showed a significant increase of GSDMD after exposure to high oxygen. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in GSDMD regulation, we identified the core promoter of GSDMD, -98 ∼ -12 bp relative to the transcriptional start site (TSS). The results of mutational analysis, overexpression or siRNA interference, EMSA and ChIP demonstrated that E2F4 and TFAP2A positively regulate the transcriptional activity of the GSDMD by binding to its promoter. However, only TFAP2A showed a regulatory effect on the expression of GSDMD. Moreover, TFAP2A was increased in the lung tissues of rats exposed to hyperoxia and showed a strong linear correlation with GSDMD. Our results indicated that TFAP2A positively regulates the GSDMD expression via binding to the promoter region of GSDMD.

6.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 47, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are commonly used new-generation drugs for depression. Depressive symptoms are thought to be closely related to neuroinflammation. In this study, we used up-to-date protocols of culture and stimulation and aimed to understand how astrocytes respond to the antidepressants. METHODS: Primary astrocytes were isolated and cultured using neurobasal-based serum-free medium. The cells were treated with a cytokine mixture comprising complement component 1q, tumor necrosis factor α, and interleukin 1α with or without pretreatments of antidepressants. Cell viability, phenotypes, inflammatory responses, and the underlying mechanisms were analyzed. RESULTS: All the SSRIs, including paroxetine, fluoxetine, sertraline, citalopram, and fluvoxamine, show a visible cytotoxicity within the range of applied doses, and a paradoxical effect on astrocytic inflammatory responses as manifested by the promotion of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and/or nitric oxide (NO) and the inhibition of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and/or interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß). The SNRI venlafaxine was the least toxic to astrocytes and inhibited the production of IL-6 and IL-1ß but with no impact on iNOS and NO. All the drugs had no regulation on the polarization of astrocytic A1 and A2 types. Mechanisms associated with the antidepressants in astrocytic inflammation route via inhibition of JNK1 activation and STAT3 basal activity. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that the antidepressants possess differential cytotoxicity to astrocytes and function differently, also paradoxically for the SSRIs, to astrocytic inflammation. Our results provide novel pieces into understanding the differential efficacy and tolerability of the antidepressants in treating patients in the context of astrocytes.

7.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503098

RESUMO

Highly specific enrichment of phosphopeptides from complex biological samples was a precondition for further studying its physiological and pathological processes due to the important and trace amounts of phosphopeptides. In this work, phytic acid (PA) functionalized magnetic cerium and zirconium bimetallic metal-organic framework nanocomposites (denoted as Fe3O4@SiO2@Ce-Zr-MOF@PA) were fabricated by a facile yet efficient method. The as-prepared nanomaterial exhibited high sensitivity (0.1 fmol µL-1), high selectivity toward phosphopeptides from ß-casein tryptic digests/BSA (1 : 800), and good reusability of five cycles for enriching phosphopeptides. This affinity probe was applied to biological samples, and 19, 4 and 15 phosphopeptides were identified from non-fat milk, human serum and human saliva, respectively. The above marked advantages are attributed to the strong affinity of the abundant Ce-O and Zr-O nanoclusters on the surface of the MOF shell with the improved hydrophilicity from a great number of phosphate groups. Therefore, the novel Fe3O4@SiO2@Ce-Zr-MOF@PA nanospheres could not only enrich phosphopeptides effectively, but also reduce the adsorption of phosphopeptides, manifesting great potential in the identification and further analysis of low abundance phosphopeptides in complex biological samples.

8.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104013, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465381

RESUMO

Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) in mammals, a gene closely associated with apoptosis, is involved in many biological processes, such as cell aging, differentiation, regulation of cell cycle, and inflammatory response. In this study, grouper Epinephelus coioides PDCD4, EcPDCD4-1 and EcPDCD4-2, were obtained. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcPDCD4-1 is 1413 bp encoding 470 amino acids with a molecular mass of 52.39 kDa and a theoretical pI of 5.33. The ORF of EcPDCD4-2 is 1410 bp encoding 469 amino acids with a molecular mass of 52.29 kDa and a theoretical pI of 5.29. Both EcPDCD4-1 and EcPDCD4-2 proteins contain two conserved MA3 domains, and their mRNA were detected in all eight tissues of E. coioides by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) with the highest expression in liver. The expressions of two EcPDCD4s were significantly up-regulated after Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) or Vibrio alginolyticus infection. In addition, over-expression of EcPDCD4-1 or EcPDCD4-2 can inhibit the activity of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1), and regulate SGIV-induced apoptosis. The results demonstrated that EcPDCD4s might play important roles in E. coioides tissues during pathogen-caused inflammation.

9.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104020, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476669

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MKK4), a member of the MAP kinase family, play important roles in response to many environmental and cellular stresses in mammals. In this study, three MKK4 subtypes, EcMKK4-1, EcMKK4-2 and EcMKK4-3, were obtained from grouper Epinephelus coioides. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcMKK4s are obtained and the EcMKK4s proteins contain highly conserved domains: a S_TKc domain, a canonical diphosphorylation group and two conserved MKKK ATP binding motifs, Asp-Phe-Gly (DFG) and Ala-Pro-Glu (APE). EcMKK4s could be found both in the cytoplasmic and nuclear. The EcMKK4s mRNA were detected in all E. coioides tissues examined with the different expression levels, and the expression were up-regulated during SGIV (Singapore grouper iridescent virus) or Vibrio alginolyticus infection. EcMKK4 could significantly reduce the activation of AP-1 reporter gene. The results suggested that EcMKK4s might play important roles in pathogen-caused inflammation.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(5): 2178-2184, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507739

RESUMO

Although benzyne has been well-known to serve as a synthon that can conveniently prepare various 1,2-difunctionalized benzenes, the sites other than its formal triple bond remain silent in typical benzyne transformations. An unprecedented aryne 1,2,3,5-tetrasubstitution was realized from 3-silylbenzyne and aryl allyl sulfoxide, the mechanistic pathway of which includes a regioselective aryne insertion into the S═O bond, a [3,6]-sigmatropic rearrangement, and a thermal aromatic 1,3-silyl migration cascade.

11.
J Med Virol ; 93(4): 1923-1925, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386773

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein has been proposed as a good vaccine target. N-specific T cells were observed in SARS-CoV-2 N immunized mice and COVID-19 convalescents. It is of importance to identify the T cell responses triggered by SARS-CoV-2 N protein. Intradermal immunization with SARS-CoV N protein was demonstrated to elicit non-protective T cell responses which may be avoided by intranasal vaccination. Therefore, we conducted intranasal vaccination of BALB/c mice with recombinant adenovirus type-5 expressing SARS-CoV-2 N protein. Such procedure induced CD8 T cell responses in the lung. Meanwhile CD4 T cell responses were observed in the spleen, which was associated with robust antibody production. Our study further supports the notion that SARS-CoV-2 N protein can work as a target for vaccine development.

12.
Clin Cardiol ; 44(2): 200-209, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411357

RESUMO

Little is known about the prevalence and outcomes of readmission to nonindex hospitals after an admission for acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS). We aimed to determine the rate of nonindex readmissions following AMI-CS and to evaluate its association with clinical factors, hospitalization cost, length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital mortality rates. HYPOTHESIS: Nonindex readmission may lead to worse in-hospital outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the data of inpatients with AMI-CS between 2010 and 2017 using the National Readmission Database. The survey analytical methods recommended by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project were used for national estimates. Multiple regression models were used to evaluate the predictors of nonindex readmission, and its association with hospitalization cost, LOS, and in-hospital mortality rates. RESULTS: Of 238 349 patients with AMI-CS, 28028 (11.76%) had an unplanned readmission within 30 days. Of these patients, 7423 (26.48%) were readmitted to nonindex hospitals. Compared with index readmission, nonindex readmission was associated with higher hospitalization costs (p < .0001), longer LOS (p < .0001), and increased in-hospital mortality rates (p = .0016). Patients who had a history of percutaneous coronary intervention, received intubation/mechanical ventilation, or left against medical advice during the initial admission had greater odds of a nonindex readmission. CONCLUSIONS: Over one-fourth of readmissions following AMI-CS were to nonindex hospitals. These admissions were associated with higher hospitalization costs, longer LOS, and higher in-hospital mortality rates. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether a continuity of care plan in the acute hospital setting can improve outcomes after AMI-CS.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 216, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) can promote the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to examine the association of MS and its components with CVD, to further prevent and control CVD in Kazakhs. METHODS: In the cohort study, a total of 2644 participants completed the baseline survey between April 2010 and December 2012.The follow-up survey was conducted from April 2016 to December 2016 and was completed by 2286 participants (86.46% follow-up rate). Cox regression was used to evaluate the association of each component and the number of combinations of MS components on the development of CVD. RESULTS: A total of 278 CVD patients were enrolled from rural residents of Xinjiang. The average age of the MS and non-MS groups was 46.33 and 38.71 years, respectively. Independent associations with CVD were found for elevated blood pressure (BP) (adjusted hazard ratio (HR) [aHR] = 1.50,95%confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-2.08), elevated waist circumference (WC) (aHR = 1.60, 95%CI: 1.19-2.15), and elevated triglycerides (TG) (aHR = 1.44, 95%CI: 1.04-2.01). Participants with one to 5 MS components had an increased HR for developing CVD, from 1.82to 8.59 (P for trend < 0.001), compared with those with no MS components. The risk of developing CVD increased when TG and WC coexisted (aHR = 2.16, 95%CI: 1.54-3.04)), when TG and BP coexisted ((aHR = 1.92, 95%CI: 1.32-2.79), and when WC and BP coexisted (aHR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.33-2.82)). However, no significant interactions were found between BP, WC, and TG. CONCLUSIONS: Elevations of BP, WC, and TG were independent risk factors for CVD in Kazakhs. Control of these factors is important to prevent CVD in this population.

14.
Assessment ; : 1073191120983891, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514266

RESUMO

People with different ideological identities differ in their values, personality, affect, and psychological motivations. These differences are observed on measures of practical and clinical importance and these differences are the central node tying together theories about the psychology of political ideology; however, they rest on a critical untested assumption: The measures are invariant across ideological groups. Here, we test this assumption across 28 constructs in data from the United States and the Netherlands. Measures are not invariant across ideological divisions. At the same time, estimates of ideological similarities and differences are largely similar before and after correcting for measurement noninvariance. This may give us increased confidence in the results from this research area, while simultaneously highlighting that some instance of noninvariance did change conclusions and that individual items are not always comparable across political groups.

15.
Anal Methods ; 13(3): 322-326, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367363

RESUMO

Herein, we simply synthesized intrinsic fluorescent polydopamine nanoparticles (PDA NPs) in sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH, pH 11), and constructed a new fluorescence nanoplatform for the detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) using PDA NPs as an effective signal reporter. The nanoplatform was constructed by the combination of enzymatic hydrolysis of ALP to the substrate l-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate (AA2P) and the chemical redox reaction between l-ascorbic acid (AA) and mercury ion (Hg2+). The fluorescence of PDA NPs could be effectively quenched by Hg2+ through the coordination effect between Hg2+ and the functional groups on the surface of PDA NPs. However, the quenching effect was greatly inhibited by the addition of AA into the solution. Based on this point, the activity of ALP could be monitored by hydrolysis of the substrate AA2P to AA and the fluorescence output of PDA NPs. The nanoplatform exhibited high sensitivity and desirable selectivity for ALP detection. With a wide linear range of 0 to 18 U L-1, a detection limit of 0.4 U L-1 was achieved using the developed nanosensor. The proposed method could not only be used to screen the inhibitor of ALP but also be used to detect ALP activity in human serum samples successfully. Moreover, the strategy can easily be expanded to determining other kinds of enzymes participating in AA-generation reactions.

16.
J Cell Biochem ; 122(3-4): 315-325, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368623

RESUMO

It has been demonstrated in previous studies that lncPART1 is dysregulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the function of lncPART1 in NSCLC is unclear. Therefore, this experimental design was based on LncPART1 to explore the pathogenesis of NSCLC. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression of lncPART1 and miR-17-5p in NSCLC. Cell Counting Kit -8, colony formation, and transwell assays were used to examine the effects of lncPART1 and miR-17-5p on NSCLC cell proliferation and migration invasiveness. Target gene prediction, luciferase reporter assays were used to validate downstream target genes for lncPART1 and miR-17-5p. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of TGFBETAR2. LncPART1 was highly expressed in NSCLC. LncPART1 significantly promoted cell proliferation of NSCLC cells. miR-17-5p was down-expressed in NSCLC. miR-17-5p overexpression inhibited cell proliferation and migration invasion in NSCLC cells. LncPART1 was able to inhibit miR-17-5p expression and upregulate the expression level of TGFBETAR2. The results of in vivo animal models confirmed that lncPART1 promoted NSCLC progression by miR-17-5p/TGFBETAR2 axis. LncPART1 promoted the progression of NSCLC by miR-17-5p/TGFBETAR2 axis.

17.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 114: 103801, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739504

RESUMO

The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family is evolutionary conserved and plays key roles in the regulation of numerous basic cellular processes. In this study, a sea cucumber Holothuria leucospilota NF-κB1 p105 named HLp105 was first obtained. The full-length cDNA of HLp105 is 6564 bp long, with a 219 bp 5' untranslated region (UTR), a 2979 bp 3' UTR, and a 3366 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding for 1121 amino acids with a deduced molecular weight of 123.92 kDa and an estimated pI of 5.31. HLp105 protein contains the conserved domain RHD, IPT, ANK and DEATH. HLp105 mRNA can be detected in all tissues examined, with the highest level in the intestine, followed by the transverse vessel, rete mirabile, coelomocytes, respiratory tree, bolishiti, cuvierian tubules, body wall, oesophagus and muscle. Challenged by LPS or poly (I:C), the transcription level of HLp105 was apparently up-regulated in the tissues examined. Besides, Over-expression of HLp105 in HEK293T cells, the apoptosis was inhibited, and the cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α were activated. The results are important for better understanding the function of NF-κB1 p105 in sea cucumber and reveal its involvement in immunoreaction.

18.
Biol Reprod ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284968

RESUMO

The endometrium undergoes a pregnancy-delivery-repair cycle multiple times during the reproductive lifespan in females. Decidualization is one of the critical events for the success of this essential process. We have previously reported that Notch1 is essential for artificial decidualization in mice. However, in a natural pregnancy, the deletion of Notch1 (PgrCre/+Notch1f/f, or Notch1d/d) only affects female fertility in the first 30 days of a six-month fertility test, but not the later stages. In the present study, we undertook a closer evaluation at the first pregnancy of these mice to attempt to understand this puzzling phenomenon. We observed a large number of pregnancy losses in Notch1d/d mice in their first pregnancy, which led to the subfertility observed in the first 30 days of the fertility test. We then demonstrated that the initial pregnancy loss is a consequence of impaired decidualization. Furthermore, we identified a group of genes that contribute to Notch1 regulated decidualization in a natural pregnancy. Gene Ontogeny analysis showed that these differentially expressed genes in the natural pregnancy are involved in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, different from genes that have been previously identified from the artificial decidualization model, which contribute to cell proliferation and apoptosis. In summary, we determined that Notch1 is essential for normal decidualization in the mouse uterus only in the first pregnancy but not in subsequent ones.

19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20(1): 553, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in tumorigenesis. As a newly identified lncRNA, the role of XIST in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been established. Here, we sought to characterize the role of XIST and its associated regulatory network in CRC cells. METHODS: Expression of XIST mRNA, miR-497-5p, and forkhead box k1 (FOXK1) in CRC cells and tissues were detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Proliferation and apoptosis of CRC cells were determined using the CCK-8 cell counting assay and flow cytometry. The rate of cell migration and invasion was determined using a transwell assay. The relationships between XIST, miR-497-5p, and FOXK1 were predicted and confirmed using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. Expression of FOXK1 protein was quantified by Western blot. RESULTS: XIST and FOXK1 expression were significantly upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, while miR-497-5p expression was downregulated. XIST knockdown significantly suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Silencing of XIST also reversed the downregulation of miR-497-5p and upregulation of FOXK1. Moreover, blocking XIST expression was shown to inhibit CRC tumor growth in vivo and the effects were antagonized by the loss of miR-497-5p. miR-497-5p was shown to act as a sponge of XIST and also targeted FOXK1 in CRC cells. CONCLUSIONS: XIST was shown to promote the malignancy of CRC cells by competitively binding to miR-497-5p, resulting in an increase in FOXK1 expression. These results suggest that targeting of XIST may represent a possible treatment for CRC.

20.
Neurosci Bull ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355897

RESUMO

Whether in the West or the East, the connection between the ear and the rest of the body has been explored for a long time. Especially in the past century or more, the relevant theoretical and applied research on the ear has greatly promoted the development of ear therapy, and finally the concept of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) has been proposed. The purpose of taVNS is to treat a disease non-invasively by applying electrical current to the cutaneous receptive field formed by the auricular branch of the vagus nerve in the outer ear. In the past two decades, taVNS has been a topic of basic, clinical, and transformation research. It has been applied as an alternative to drug treatment for a variety of diseases. Based on the rapid understanding of the application of taVNS to human health and disease, some limitations in the development of this field have also been gradually exposed. Here, we comprehensively review the origin and research status of the field.

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