Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 677
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17455, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593102

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Behçet disease (BD) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by oral aphthosis, genital aphthosis, ocular lesions, and arthritis. However, other fatal complications are often misdiagnosed, which implies that the early diagnosis of the disease is important for a good prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 51-year-old man complained of hematemesis for 5 hours and syncope once. DIAGNOSIS: BD as demonstrated by esophageal ulcer and aortic aneurysm rupture. INTERVENTIONS: Surgeries were conducted to repair the thoracic aortic aneurysm, proton-pump inhibitor was used to reduce acid secretion, antibiotics were applied for anti-infective therapy, and immunosuppressor was administered to control the injuries of BD. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged and his medication dosage was reduced gradually until the minimum maintenance dose. In the follow-ups, the gastric ulcer and vascular aneurysm were not found. CONCLUSION: We presented a rare case of BD with the concurrence of huge esophageal ulcer and thoracic aortic aneurysms rupture, which helped us to diagnose BD at the early stage, while confronting atypical manifestations.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/etiologia , Ruptura Aórtica/etiologia , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Doenças do Esôfago/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(21): e012336, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645163

RESUMO

Background Cardiac biomarkers may signal mechanistic pathways involved in heart failure (HF), a leading complication in chronic kidney disease. We tested the associations of NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT), galectin-3, growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), and soluble ST2 (sST2) with incident HF in chronic kidney disease. Methods and Results We examined adults with chronic kidney disease enrolled in a prospective, multicenter study. All biomarkers were measured at baseline. The primary outcome was incident HF. Secondary outcomes included HF with preserved ejection fraction (EF≥50%) and reduced ejection fraction (EF<50%). Cox models were used to test the association of each cardiac biomarker with HF, adjusting for demographics, kidney function, cardiovascular risk factors, and medication use. Among 3314 participants, all biomarkers, with the exception of galectin-3, were significantly associated with increased risk of incident HF (hazard ratio per SD higher concentration of log-transformed biomarker): NT-proBNP (hazard ratio, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.79-2.39); hsTnT (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.21-1.56); GDF-15 (hazard ratio, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.26-1.66) and sST2 (hazard ratio, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.05-1.35). Higher NT-proBNP, hsTnT, and GDF-15 were also associated with a greater risk of HF with reduced EF; while higher NT-proBNP GDF-15 and sST2 were associated with HF with preserved EF. Galectin-3 was not associated with either HF with reduced EF or HF with preserved EF. Conclusions In chronic kidney disease, elevations of NT-proBNP, hsTnT, GDF-15, sST2 were associated with incident HF. There was a borderline association of galectin-3 with incident HF. NT-proBNP and hsTnT were more strongly associated with HF with reduced EF, while the associations of the newer biomarkers GDF-15 and sST2 were stronger for HF with preserved EF.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17557, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are neurodegenerative diseases associated with aging. The major clinical features of both are progressive memory loss and progressive cognitive loss. The objective of this systematic review protocol is to provide the methods for evaluating the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment on cognitive deficits in transgenic mouse. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search the electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, PsycINFO, as well as the Chinese databases such as Chinese Biomedicine Literature (CBM), Chinese Medical Current Content (CMCC), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), WanFang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) from their inceptions to July 2019. RevMan 5.3 software will be used for the data synthesis and the quality of each study was assessed independently by use of the CAMARADES checklist. RESULTS: This review will provide a high-quality synthesis based on present evidence of acupuncture treatment for AD and MCI in transgenic mouse models. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review will provide evidence for weather acupuncture is an effective intervention for AD and MCI in transgenic mouse models. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval is not necessary since this protocol is only for systematic review and does not involve privacy data or conduct an animal experiment. This protocol will be disseminated by a peer-review journal or conference presentation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019142985. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF THIS STUDY: This systematic review will be the first to provide new knowledge underlying the effectiveness to improve cognitive function of acupuncture treatment for AD and MCI in transgenic mouse models. The result of this systematic review may provide experimental and theoretical basis for the future clinical application of acupuncture in the treatment of AD.The limitation of this systematic review may come from language barriers, because only English and Chinese can be included. Also, this study includes various kinds of acupuncture treatments which may result in essential heterogeneity.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Cognição/fisiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos
4.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650482

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is characterized by dopaminergic neuron loss in the retina of the eyes. [18F]fluoropropyl-(+)-dihydrotetrabenazine ([18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ) positron emission tomography (PET) has been shown to detect dopaminergic neuron loss. The study is to investigate the feasibility of PET imaging with [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ for early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetes mellitus (DM) rat models. METHODS: The DM rat model was established by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (65 mg/kg). After 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks of STZ injection, the retinas of the rats were evaluated by electroretinogram (ERG), color fundus photography (CFP), fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and small animal PET scan with [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ by targeting vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2). [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ uptake in retina was quantified as standardized uptake value (SUV). Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were also performed to confirm the expression level of VMAT2 in retina. RESULTS: ERG dysfunction was observed at 8 weeks in STZ-diabetic rats, evidenced by smaller amplitudes of oscillatory potentials (OPs) when compared with OPs in normal rats. CFP and FFA showed no significant difference in vascular leakage and neovascularization between STZ-diabetic retinas and normal ones until 8 weeks. PET imaging revealed that the SUV of [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ was significantly lower in the STZ-diabetic retinas compared with the normal ones as early as of week 4. The results from immunofluorescence staining and Western blots confirmed the early findings in PET imaging studies. CONCLUSIONS: Early DR can be non-invasively detected with PET imaging using [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ targeting VMAT2. The expression level of VMAT2 in retina may act as a new biomarker for early DR diagnosis.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3178-3186, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602870

RESUMO

Ziziphora bungeana is a kind of medicinal plants belongs to Labiatae,and it also a kind of geoherbs in Xinjiang. The main active ingredient linarin has a higher content in inflorescence than in other parts. In this study,high-throughput sequencing technology was used to reveal the transcriptome of the inflorescence of Z. bungeana,77 366 unigenes were acquired,of which 56 375 unigenes were annotated based on search of the database and classification. Through the analysis of metabolic pathways,sixty unigenes were probably encoding some enzymes involved in the flavonoid biosynthesis pathways. The contents of linarin in different parts were determined and the key genes were verified by qRT-PCR. The discovery provides the research basis for further analysis of the enzyme genes involved in the biosynthesis of the major flavonoid components in Z. bungeana.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/biossíntese , Lamiaceae/química , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
6.
Circ J ; 83(11): 2303-2311, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a key determinant of extracellular matrix degradation, might cause cerebral damage after stroke and be involved in the development of depressive symptoms. This study aimed to evaluate the association of serum MMP-9 levels and post-stroke depression (PSD).Methods and Results:Serum MMP-9 levels were determined in 558 acute ischemic stroke patients from 7 hospitals comprising the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke. We assessed depression status using the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and defined PSD as a cutoff score of 8. Logistic regression was performed to estimate the risk of PSD associated with serum MMP-9. Discrimination and reclassification for PSD by MMP-9 were analyzed. A total of 222 (39.8%) stroke patients were categorized as PSD within 3 months. Serum MMP-9 concentrations were higher among PSD patients than those without PSD (658.8 vs. 485.7 ng/mL; P<0.001). The multiple-adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for the highest MMP-9 quartile compared with the lowest quartile was 4.36 (2.49-7.65) for PSD, and 1 standard deviation higher log-MMP-9 was associated with 68% (37-106%) increased odds of PSD. Adding MMP-9 to the conventional risk factors model substantially improved discrimination and reclassification for PSD (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated serum MMP-9 levels in the acute phase of ischemic stroke were associated with increased risk of PSD, suggesting an important prognostic role of MMP-9 for PSD.

7.
Clin Chem ; 65(11): 1448-1457, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increases in cardiac and stress biomarkers may be associated with loss of kidney function through shared mechanisms involving cardiac and kidney injury. We evaluated the associations of cardiac and stress biomarkers [N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT), growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), soluble ST-2 (sST-2)] with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We included 3664 participants with CKD from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study. All biomarkers were measured at entry. The primary outcome was CKD progression, defined as progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or 50% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Cox models tested the association of each biomarker with CKD progression, adjusting for demographics, site, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, eGFR, urine proteinuria, blood pressure, body mass index, cholesterol, medication use, and mineral metabolism. RESULTS: There were 1221 participants who had CKD progression over a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 5.8 (2.4-8.6) years. GDF-15, but not sST2, was significantly associated with an increased risk of CKD progression [hazard ratios (HRs) are per SD increase in log-transformed biomarker]: GDF-15 (HR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.35-1.67) and sST2 (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.99-1.14). NT-proBNP and hsTnT were also associated with increased risk of CKD progression, but weaker than GDF-15: NT-proBNP (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.13-1.36) and hsTnT (HR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01-1.22). CONCLUSIONS: Increases in GDF-15, NT-proBNP, and hsTnT are associated with greater risk for CKD progression. These biomarkers may inform mechanisms underlying kidney injury.

8.
Neurology ; 93(18): e1675-e1685, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the relationships between serum tissue inhibitor metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We derived data from the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Baseline serum TIMP-1 concentrations were measured in 3,342 participants. The primary outcome was the combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) at 3 months after ischemic stroke, and secondary outcomes included major disability, death, and vascular events. RESULTS: A total of 843 participants (25.2%) experienced major disability or died within 3 months. After adjustment for age, sex, admission NIH Stroke Scale score, and other important covariates, odds ratios or hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 1-SD (0.17 ng/mL) higher log-TIMP-1 were 1.17 (1.06-1.29) for the primary outcome, 1.13 (1.02-1.25) for major disability, 1.49 (1.19-1.87) for death, and 1.34 (1.11-1.62) for the composite outcome of death and vascular events. The addition of serum TIMP-1 to conventional risk factors model significantly improved risk prediction of the primary outcome (net reclassification index 9.0%, p = 0.02; integrated discrimination improvement 0.2%, p = 0.03). Participants with both higher TIMP-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels simultaneously had the highest risk of all study outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Higher TIMP-1 levels were associated with increased risk of mortality and major disability after acute ischemic stroke. Our findings provided evidence supporting the important prognostic role of extracellular matrix biomarkers after acute ischemic stroke.

9.
Curr Hypertens Rep ; 21(10): 76, 2019 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473837

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recommendations of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guideline and to compare it with previous guidelines on potential cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality risk reductions. RECENT FINDINGS: Compared with previous guidelines, the 2017 hypertension guideline increased the prevalence of hypertension and the number of adults recommended for antihypertensive therapy in the US population. Based on data from recent analyses, the new guideline effectively directs antihypertensive therapy toward individuals at higher CVD risk. Two recent analyses using US national data estimated that implementation of the 2017 hypertension guideline could further reduce hundreds of thousands of CVD events and deaths compared with previous guidelines. However, the new guideline might increase the number of adverse events. The new guideline also improves the number of individuals needed to treat to prevent CVD events and deaths, suggesting implementation is cost-effective. Implementation of the 2017 hypertension guideline is projected to substantially reduce CVD events and deaths in the USA but might increase the number of adverse events. Future research is needed to implement and scale up effective, equitable, and sustainable strategies for applying the new guideline in daily clinical practice.

10.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 1-8, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the renal function influences the association between antiphosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS) and prognosis of ischemic stroke remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of aPS after ischemic stroke stratified by renal function status. METHODS: This prospective study was based on China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke, a randomized clinical trial in 26 hospitals across China from August 2009 to May 2013. A total of 2,874 ischemic stroke patients with blood samples or baseline records of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were included in this study. Serum aPS levels were quantitatively measured at baseline, and abnormal renal function in this study was defined as eGFR <90 mL/min per 1.73 m2. The primary outcome was a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) at 3 months after stroke. Secondary outcomes were death and major disability separately. RESULTS: The association between aPS and primary outcome was significantly modified by renal function status (p for interaction = 0.02). After adjustment for covariates, increased aPS were significantly associated with the primary outcome in the patients with abnormal renal function (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.24-3.53; p for trend = 0.006), but not in those with normal renal function (OR 0.92; 95% CI 0.69-1.23; p for trend = 0.59), when 2 extreme tertiles were compared. Furthermore, multiple-adjusted spline regression model showed a linear association between aPS and risk of primary outcome in the patients with abnormal renal function (p for linearity = 0.02) but not in those with normal renal function (p for linearity = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: Increased aPS were positively and independently associated with death or major disability after acute ischemic stroke in the patients with abnormal renal function.

11.
Circ Res ; 125(9): 824-833, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510868

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Previous EWASs (Epigenome-Wide Association Studies) suggest that obesity may be the cause, not a consequence, of changes in DNA methylation (DNAm). However, longitudinal observations are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To identify 5'-cytosine-phosphate-guanine-3' in DNA (CpG) sites associated with body mass index (BMI) and examine the temporal relationship between dynamic changes in DNAm and BMI in a longitudinal cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Race-specific EWASs were performed in 995 whites and 490 blacks from the Bogalusa Heart Study. Suggestive CpG sites were further replicated in 252 whites and 228 blacks from the Georgia Stress and Heart Study. Cross-lagged panel analysis was used to examine the temporal relationship between DNAm and BMI in 439 whites and 201 blacks who were examined twice 6.2 years apart. In discovery and replication samples, 349 CpG sites (266 novel) in whites and 36 (21 novel) in blacks were identified to be robustly associated with BMI, with 8 (1 novel) CpG sites overlapping between the 2 races. Cross-lagged panel analyses showed significant unidirectional paths (PFDR <0.05) from baseline BMI to follow-up DNAm at 18 CpG sites in whites and 7 in blacks; no CpG sites showed significant paths from DNAm at baseline to BMI at follow-up. Baseline BMI was associated with a DNAm score (calculated from DNAm levels at the associated CpG sites) at follow-up (P<0.001 both in blacks and in whites). CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide strong evidence that obesity is the cause, not a consequence, of changes in DNAm over time.

12.
Chemistry ; 25(60): 13777-13784, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471986

RESUMO

N-heterocyclic olefins (NHOs), relatives of N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs), exhibit high nucleophilicity and soft Lewis basic character. To investigate their π-electron donating ability, NHOs were attached to triarylborane π-acceptors (A) giving donor (D)-π-A compounds 1-3. In addition, an enamine π-donor analogue (4) was synthesized for comparison. UV-visible absorption studies show a larger red shift for the NHO-containing boranes than for the enamine analogue, a relative of cyclic (alkyl)(amino) carbenes (CAACs). Solvent-dependent emission studies indicate that 1-4 have moderate intramolecular charge-transfer (ICT) behavior. Electrochemical investigations reveal that the NHO-containing boranes have extremely low reversible oxidation potentials (e.g., for 3, E ox 1 / 2 =-0.40 V vs. ferrocene/ferrocenium, Fc/Fc+ , in THF). Time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations show that the HOMOs of 1-3 are much more destabilized than that of the enamine-containing 4, which confirms the stronger donating ability of NHOs.

13.
Am J Prev Med ; 57(4): 438-446, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473065

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle modification, such as healthy diet habits, regular physical activity, and maintaining a normal body weight, must be prescribed to all hypertensive individuals. This study aims to test whether a multicomponent intervention is effective in improving lifestyle and body weight among low-income families. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial conducted between June 2013 and October 2016. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1,954 uninsured adult patients were recruited in the study within 18 public primary healthcare centers of Argentina. INTERVENTION: Components targeting the healthcare system, providers, and family groups were delivered by community health workers; tailored text messages were sent for 18 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in the proportion of behavioral risk factors and body weight from baseline to end of follow-up. Data were analyzed in 2017. RESULTS: Low fruit and vegetable consumption (fewer than 5 servings per day) decreased from 96.4% at baseline to 92.6% at 18 months in the intervention group, whereas in the control group it increased from 97.0% to 99.9% (p=0.0110). The proportion of low physical activity (<600 MET-minutes/week) decreased from 54.3% at baseline to 46.2% at 18 months in the intervention group and kept constant around 52% (p=0.0232) in the control group. The intervention had no effect on alcohol intake (p=0.7807), smoking (p=0.7607), addition of salt while cooking or at the table (p=0.7273), or body weight (p=0.4000). CONCLUSIONS: The multicomponent intervention was effective for increasing fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity with no effect on alcohol consumption, smoking, addition of salt, or body weight among low-income families in Argentina. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01834131.

14.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445926

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: An elevated fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) level is independently associated with adverse outcomes in populations with chronic kidney disease, but it is unknown whether FGF-23 testing can improve clinical risk prediction in individuals. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Participants in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study (n = 3,789). EXPOSURE: Baseline carboxy-terminal FGF-23 (cFGF-23) level. OUTCOMES: All-cause and cardiovascular (CV) mortality, incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD), heart failure (HF) admission, and atherosclerotic events at 3, 5, and 8 years. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: We assessed changes in model performance by change in area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ΔAUC), integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), relative IDI, and net reclassification index (NRI) above standard clinical factors. We performed sensitivity analyses, including an additional model comparing the addition of phosphate rather than cFGF-23 level and repeating our analyses using an internal cross-validation cohort. RESULTS: Addition of a single baseline value of cFGF-23 to a base prediction model improved prediction of all-cause mortality (ΔAUC, 0.017 [95% CI, 0.001-0.033]; IDI, 0.021 [95% CI, 0.006-0.036]; relative IDI, 32.7% [95% CI, 8.5%-56.9%]), and HF admission (ΔAUC, 0.008 [95% CI, 0.0004-0.016]; IDI, 0.019 [95% CI, 0.004-0.034]; relative IDI, 10.0% [95% CI, 1.8%-18.3%]), but not CV mortality, ESRD, or atherosclerotic events at 3 years of follow-up. The NRI did not reach statistical significance for any of the 3-year outcomes. The incremental predictive utility of cFGF-23 level diminished in analyses of the 5- and 8-year outcomes. The cFGF-23 models outperformed the phosphate model for each outcome. LIMITATIONS: Power to detect increased CV mortality likely limited by low event rate. The NRI is not generalizable without accepted prespecified risk thresholds. CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with CKD, single measurements of cFGF-23 improve prediction of risks for all-cause mortality and HF admission but not CV mortality, ESRD, or atherosclerotic events. Future studies should evaluate the predictive utility of repeated cFGF-23 testing.

15.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 109, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation and insulin resistance play crucial roles in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aim to examine the temporal relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and insulin resistance in non-diabetic adults and their joint effect on the development of hyperglycemia. METHODS: The longitudinal cohort from the Bogalusa Heart Study consisted of 509 non-diabetic adults (360 whites and 149 blacks, mean age = 42.8 years at follow-up) who had hsCRP, fasting glucose and insulin measured twice at baseline and follow-up over 6.8 years. Cross-lagged panel model was used to examine the temporal relationship between hsCRP and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Information on incident T2DM was collected in a survey in 6.1 years after the follow-up survey. RESULTS: After adjusting for race, sex, age, body mass index, smoking, alcohol drinking and follow-up years, the path coefficient from baseline hsCRP to follow-up HOMA-IR (ß2 = 0.105, p = 0.009) was significant and greater than the path from baseline HOMA-IR to follow-up hsCRP (ß1 = 0.005, p = 0.903), with p = 0.011 for the difference between ß1 and ß2. This one-directional path from baseline hsCRP to follow-up HOMA-IR was significant in the hyperglycemia group but not in the normoglycemia group. In addition, participants with high levels of baseline hsCRP and follow-up HOMA-IR had greater risks of T2DM (odds ratio, OR = 2.38, p = 0.035), pre-T2DM (OR = 2.27, p = 0.006) and hyperglycemia (OR = 2.18, p = 0.003) than those with low-low levels. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that elevated hsCRP is associated with future insulin resistance in non-diabetic adults, and their joint effect is predictive of the development of T2DM.

16.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 21(9): 1570-1579, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407763

RESUMO

The effects of antibiotics on nitrate denitrification in groundwater have acquired growing concern. Denitrification is a microbially mediated process. The effects of antibiotics on denitrification were mainly reflected in denitrifying bacteria. However, little is known about the relationship between antibiotics and denitrifying bacteria. Based on this, both direct antimicrobial susceptibility testing and microbial batch-culture experiments were conducted to assess the influences of typical antibiotics on denitrifying groundwater bacteria, mainly Pseudomonas (46.17%). Denitrifying bacteria, screened from a long-term groundwater denitrification environment, were tested for sensitivity to five typical antibiotics in groundwater: sulfamethoxazole (SMX), erythromycin (ERY), enrofloxacin (ENR), clindamycin (CLI), and tetracycline (TCY). The results showed that the sensitivity of denitrifying bacteria to antibiotics is mainly related to the type and concentration of antibiotics. For antibiotic types, the order of sensitivity by quantitative assessment is ENR > TCY > SMX > ERY > CLI. Fluoroquinolones (FQs) represented by ENR were selected to explore their concentration effects. The influences on denitrifying bacteria were divided into the high concentration effect (500 µg L-1 to 100 mg L-1) and the low concentration effect (100 ng L-1 to 10 µg L-1) with about 100 µg L-1 as a boundary. Exposure to high concentrations had significant inhibitory effects on bacterial growth and exhibited dose dependency, especially for ciprofloxacin (CIP). The low concentration effect was independent of concentration, which may be stimulation or inhibition. The stimulation mainly occurred due to ENR-exposure. For inhibitory effects, Lomefloxacin (LOM) was more effective than other FQs. Especially for inhibition at ng-level exposure, LOM and norfloxacin (NOR) exposures led to the highest and lowest inhibition rates, respectively.

17.
Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci ; 164: 101-117, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383403

RESUMO

CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) represent a major cellular mechanism in tumor immune evasion. Elimination of Treg activity has become a strategy to devise an effective tumor immunotherapy. We reported that TNF receptor type II (TNFR2), one of two receptors transducing TNF biological activity, is preferentially expressed by the most suppressive subset of Tregs. By interaction with TNFR2, TNF plays a decisive role in the activation, expansion and phenotype stability of Tregs. We also found that highly suppressive TNFR2-expressing Tregs appear to be tumor-associated Tregs. This finding has been supported by recent studies in mouse tumor models and in cancer patients. In this chapter, published data revealing the important role of TNFR2+ Tregs in tumor development and metastasis in different tumor types are reviewed and analyzed. The therapeutic potential of targeting TNF-TNFR2 interaction as means to eliminate Treg activity, and consequently to enhance anti-tumor immune responses, also is discussed.

18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(7): e198103, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365109

RESUMO

Importance: Clinical trials have generally shown a neutral effect of early blood pressure (BP) decreases on clinical outcomes after acute ischemic stroke. Whether the effect of early antihypertensive therapy differs for patients with ischemic stroke with or without prior hypertension is unclear. Objective: To investigate the association between immediate antihypertensive treatment and patient outcomes according to the presence or absence of hypertension before stroke onset. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a prespecified subgroup analysis of the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke (CATIS), a multicenter, single-blind, blinded end-points randomized clinical trial of 4071 patients with acute ischemic stroke and elevated systolic BP. Patients were recruited from August 2009 to May 2013, and this statistical analysis was performed using the intention-to-treat population from January to October 2018. Interventions: Participants were randomly assigned to receive antihypertensive treatment (aimed at decreasing systolic BP by 10%-25% within the first 24 hours after randomization, achieving systolic BP <140 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg within 7 days, and maintaining this level during hospitalization) or to the control arm (discontinued all antihypertensive medications). Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcome was a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3; range 0-6, with higher values indicating greater disability) at 14 days or hospital discharge. Results: In total, 2038 patients were randomized to receive antihypertensive treatment, and 2033 patients were randomized to the control group. The mean (SD) age was 62.0 (10.9) years, and 2604 participants (64.0%) were men. At day 14 or hospital discharge, the primary outcome was not different between the treatment and control groups among patients with or without prior hypertension (P = .97 for homogeneity): odds ratios (ORs) associated with treatment were 1.00 (95% CI, 0.87-1.16) for patients with prior hypertension and 1.00 (95% CI, 0.75-1.32) for patients without. Early antihypertensive treatment was associated with different rates of 3-month recurrent stroke (patients with hypertension: OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.25-0.77 vs without hypertension: OR, 3.43; 95% CI, 0.94-12.55; P = .005 for homogeneity) and vascular events (patients with hypertension: OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.43-1.02 vs those without hypertension: OR, 1.91; 95% CI, 0.75-4.83; P = .04 for homogeneity) by hypertension history. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke, early antihypertensive treatment was not associated with different death and major disability outcomes by hypertension history. However, early antihypertension therapy was associated with a decreased rate of recurrent stroke among patients with a history of hypertension and may inform future studies in the optimal approach to hypertension management in the setting of acute ischemic stroke. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01840072.

19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e012200, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379242

RESUMO

Background We tested associations of cardiac biomarkers of myocardial stretch, injury, inflammation, and fibrosis with the risk of incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in a prospective study of chronic kidney disease patients. Methods and Results The study sample was 3053 participants with chronic kidney disease in the multicenter CRIC (Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort) study who were not identified as having AF at baseline. Cardiac biomarkers, measured at baseline, were NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide), high-sensitivity troponin T, galectin-3, growth differentiation factor-15, and soluble ST-2. Incident AF ("AF event") was defined as a hospitalization for AF. During a median follow-up of 8 years, 279 (9%) participants developed a new AF event. In adjusted models, higher baseline log-transformed NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) was associated with incident AF (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] per SD higher concentration: 2.11; 95% CI, 1.75, 2.55), as was log-high-sensitivity troponin T (HR 1.42; 95% CI, 1.20, 1.68). These associations showed a dose-response relationship in categorical analyses. Although log-soluble ST-2 was associated with AF risk in continuous models (HR per SD higher concentration 1.35; 95% CI, 1.16, 1.58), this association was not consistent in categorical analyses. Log-galectin-3 (HR 1.05; 95% CI, 0.91, 1.22) and log-growth differentiation factor-15 (HR 1.16; 95% CI, 0.96, 1.40) were not significantly associated with incident AF. Conclusions We found strong associations between higher NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) and high-sensitivity troponin T concentrations, and the risk of incident AF in a large cohort of participants with chronic kidney disease. Increased atrial myocardial stretch and myocardial cell injury may be implicated in the high burden of AF in patients with chronic kidney disease.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(14): 5124-5139, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolomics study provides an opportunity to identify novel molecular determinants of altered cognitive function. METHODS: During 2013 to 2016 Bogalusa Heart Study (BHS) visit, 1,177 participants underwent untargeted, ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy metabolomics profiling. Global cognition and five cognition domains were also assessed. The cross-sectional associations of single metabolites with cognition were tested using multiple linear regression models. Weighted correlation network analysis was used to examine the covariable-adjusted correlations of modules of co-abundant metabolites with cognition. Analyses were conducted in the overall sample and according to both ethnicity and sex. RESULTS: Five known metabolites and two metabolite modules robustly associated with cognition across overall and stratified analyses. Two metabolites were from lipid sub-pathways including fatty acid metabolism [9-hydroxystearate; minimum P-value (min-P)=1.11×10-5], and primary bile acid metabolism (glyco-alpha-muricholate; min-P=4.10×10-5). One metabolite from the glycogen metabolism sub-pathway (maltose; min-P=9.77×10-6), one from the polyamine metabolism sub-pathway (N-acetyl-isoputreanine; min-P=1.03×10-5), and one from the purine metabolism sub-pathway (7-methylguanine; min-P=1.19×10-5) were also identified. Two metabolite modules reflecting bile acid metabolism and androgenic steroids correlated with cognition (min-P=5.00×10-4 and 3.00×10-3, respectively). CONCLUSION: The novel associations of 5 known metabolites and 2 metabolite modules with cognition provide insights into the physiological mechanisms regulating cognitive function.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA