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1.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(1): 35, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989866

RESUMO

Multiple representatives of eulipotyphlan mammals such as shrews have oral venom systems. Venom facilitates shrews to hunt and/or hoard preys. However, little is known about their venom composition, and especially the mechanism to hoard prey in comatose states for meeting their extremely high metabolic rates. A toxin (BQTX) was identified from venomous submaxillary glands of the shrew Blarinella quadraticauda. BQTX is specifically distributed and highly concentrated (~ 1% total protein) in the organs. BQTX shares structural and functional similarities to toxins from snakes, wasps and snails, suggesting an evolutional relevancy of venoms from mammalians and non-mammalians. By potentiating thrombin and factor-XIIa and inhibiting plasmin, BQTX induces acute hypertension, blood coagulation and hypokinesia. It also shows strong analgesic function by inhibiting elastase. Notably, the toxin keeps high plasma stability with a 16-h half-life in-vivo, which likely extends intoxication to paralyze or immobilize prey hoarded fresh for later consumption and maximize foraging profit.

2.
Acta Biochim Pol ; 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) participates in malignant tumor. However, the role of TRPV4 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated TRPV4 was upregulated in NSCLC tissues and NSCLC cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TRPV4 level in the NSCLC patients and cell lines were detected, and its function was studied both in vivo and vitro. RESULTS: The level of TRPV4 showed a positive correlation with tumor size of NSCLC patients. Activation TRPV4 by agonist GSK1016790A promoted cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis in A549 cells, and these effects were enhanced when the cells have overexpressed TRPV4. Moreover, GSK1016790A induced inhibitory effects on apoptosis of A549 cells was impaired when GSK1016790A used together with TRPV4 selective antagonist HC-067047, or impaired when the cells have already downregulated TRPV4 expression by TRPV4 siRNA. In vivo study, pharmacological inhibition of TRPV4 prevented A549 cells transplanted tumor growth. It was showed Foxp3 level was significantly increased in the NSCLC tissues, and showed a positive correlation with the level of TRPV4. Deactivation of TRPV4 using TRPV4 siRNA or HC-067047 significantly reduced expression of Foxp3 in GSK1016790A treated NSCLC cells. Moreover, downregulation Foxp3 by transfection of Foxp3 siRNA significantly impaired TRPV4 induced NSCLC cells proliferations in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Antitumor effects caused by TRPV4 inhibition in NSCLC might be attributed to the suppression of Foxp3 which induced subsequent cell apoptosis. Thus, pharmacological inhibition of TRPV4 may be a promising option for NSCLC treatment.

3.
Bioengineered ; 13(2): 2004-2016, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030978

RESUMO

MicroRNA-99b-5p (miR-99b-5p) has been shown to be enriched in serum exosomes of prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with radiotherapy, while its function in PCa progression remains unclear. The expression levels of miR-99b-5p in PCa tissues, cancer cell lines and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HBMSCs), as well as HBMSCs-derived exosomes were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). MiR-99b-5p mimics or inhibitor was transfected into HBMSCs, and HBMSCs-derived exosomes with abnormal expression of miR-99b-5p were used to stimulate PCa cell-line LNCaP cells. Cell proliferative rate was evaluated using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining assays. Cell migration and invasion were analyzed by Transwell assay. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was evaluated by detecting EMT-related markers using Western blot analysis. The animal model was constructed to confirm the function of miR-99b-5p in vivo. The expression levels of MiR-99b-5p were decreased in PCa tissues and cell lines, while elevated in HBMSCs-derived exosomes. HBMSCs-derived exosomes significantly inhibited cell malignant phenotypes of PCa cells, and miR-99b-5p mimics transfected HBMSCs further enhanced the inhibitory effects of HBMSCs on PCa progression. In addition, miR-99b-5p inhibitor transfected HBMSCs-derived exosomes promoted the progression of PCa in vitro. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) was identified as a downstream target of miR-99b-5p. Moreover, miR-99b-5p mimics transfected HBMSCs obviously inhibited tumor progression by downregulating IGF1R in animal model in vivo. Our results demonstrated that HBMSCs could attenuate PCa progression, and exosomal miR-99b-5p and IGF1R participated in the regulatory process, contributing to our understanding of the pathogenic mechanism of PCa.

4.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(1): 109, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34976151

RESUMO

Long non-coding (lnc) RNAs play crucial functions in human cancer. However, until recently, the involvement of the lncRNA GAS6-AS1 in breast cancer (BCa) malignancy has not been studied exhaustively. The roles and underlying mode of action of GAS6-AS1 action in BCa progression were examined through functional experiments. A decline in GAS6-AS1 level led to a significant decrease in BCa cell proliferation, and the ability for colony formation. Here, GAS6-AS1 competed as endogenous RNA by sequestering microRNA-215-5p (miR-215-5p) causing an enhanced expression of SRY-box transcription factor 9 (SOX9). The effects of silencing GAS6-AS1 on BCa malignant phenotypes could be ameliorated by inhibiting miR-215-5p or restoring SOX9. Thus, GAS6-AS1 acted as a lncRNA that drives tumor in BCa, and enabled progression of BCa through miR-215-5p /SOX9 axis regulation. These outcomes show that the GAS6-AS1/miR-215-5p/SOX9 axis is a potentially effective target for cancer treatment and management.

5.
Physiol Genomics ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859688

RESUMO

Previous studies have revealed the diversity of the whole cardiac cellulome but not refined the left ventricle, which was essential for finding therapeutic targets. Here, we characterized single-cell transcriptional profiles of the mouse left ventricular cellular landscape using single-cell RNA sequencing (10×Genomics). Detailed t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (tSNE) analysis revealed the cell types of left ventricle with gene markers. Left ventricular cellulome contained cardiomyocytes highly expressed Trdn, endothelial cells highly expressed Pcdh17, fibroblast highly expressed Lama2 and macrophages highly expressed Hpgds, also proved by in situ hybridization. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway (KEGG) enrichment analysis (ListHits>2, p<0.05) were employed with the DAVID database to investigate subtypes of each cell type with the underlying functions of differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Endothelial cells included five subtypes, fibroblasts comprised of seven subtypes and macrophages contained eleven subtypes. The key representative DEGs (p<0.001) were Gja4 and Gja5 in cluster 3 of endothelial cells, Aqp2 and Thbs4 in cluster 2 of fibroblasts, as well as Clec4e and Trem-1 in in cluster 3 of marcophages perhaps involved in the occur of atherosclerosis, heart failure and acute myocardial infarction proved by literature review. We also revealed extensive networks of intercellular communication in left ventricle. We suggested possible therapeutic targets for cardiovascular disease and autocrine and paracrine signaling underpins left ventricular homeostasis. This study provided new insights into the structure and function of the mammalian left ventricular cellulome and offers an important resource that will stimulate studies in cardiovascular research.

6.
EMBO Rep ; : e53246, 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939731

RESUMO

Regulatory T lymphocyte (Treg) homing reactions mediated by G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-ligand interactions play a central role in maintaining intestinal immune homeostasis by restraining inappropriate immune responses in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the origin of Treg homing to the colon remains mysterious. Here, we report that the C10ORF99 peptide (also known as CPR15L and AP57), a cognate ligand of GPR15 that controls Treg homing to the colon, originates from a duplication of the flanking CDHR1 gene and is functionally paired with GPR15 in amniotes. Evolutionary analysis and experimental data indicate that the GPR15-C10ORF99 pair is functionally conserved to mediate colonic Treg homing in amniotes and their expression patterns are positively correlated with herbivore diet in the colon. With the first herbivorous diet in early amniotes, a new biological process (herbivorous diet short-chain fatty acid-C10ORF99/GPR15-induced Treg homing colon immune homeostasis) emerged, and we propose an evolutionary model whereby GPR15-C10ORF99 functional pairing has initiated the first colonic Treg homing reaction in amniotes. Our findings also highlight that GPCR-ligand pairing leads to physiological adaptation during vertebrate evolution.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127751, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799162

RESUMO

As detriments in aquatic environments, microplastics (MPs) have been commonly studied on organisms, but tissue-scale effects of MPs were poorly understood. Discus fish (Symphysodon aequifasciatus), herewith, were exposed to polystyrene MPs (0/20/200 µg/L) for 28 d. We found that MPs significantly inhibited growth performance. MPs were observed in skin, gill and intestine after 14/28-d exposure. MPs bioaccumulation was independent of exposure time, but increased with MPs concentrations. Microbial community diversity of fish gill, but not skin and intestine, in MPs treatments was significantly increased. Bacterial community of MP-treated skin and gill were obviously separated from control. Skin dominant phyla changed from Actinobacteriota to Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Proteobacteria gradually occupied dominance in gill after exposure. Furthermore, MPs-induced skin oxidative stress was demonstrated by the activation of superoxide dismutase and catalase. Skin malondialdehyde also increased and showed significant correlations with four bacterial phyla, e.g., Proteobacteria. Gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity decreased, strongly correlating to microbial community changes caused by MPs. Intestinal digestive enzymes activity (pepsin, lipase and α-amylase) reduced, revealing correlation with bacterial community especially Fibrobacterota. These results suggest a tissue-specific effect of MPs to microbial community and biomarkers in aquatic organism.

9.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; : e2100630, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791733

RESUMO

End-functionalization is an effective strategy for constructing functional materials. A method for chain-end functionalization of helical polycarbenes is herein developed that relied on Sonogashira coupling reaction. In this work, a family of helical polycarbenes with controlled molecular mass (Mn ) and low polydispersity (Mw /Mn ) is readily prepared using Pd(II) and the Wei-Phos ligand as initiator. The Pd(II) complex is confirmed to remain at the chain end of polycarbene. Subsequently, a series of terminal alkyne derivatives with interesting functional groups, including the F atom, aldehyde, or anthracene groups, are synthesized. They could be installed at the chain end of polycarbene through Sonogashira coupling reaction catalyzed by the Pd(II) complex at the chain end. Moreover, a couple of hybrid block copolymers are easily obtained by installing terminal alkynes modified by another type of polymer. The structures of the isolated polymers are confirmed by 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H NMR), 19 F nuclear magnetic resonance (19 F NMR), 31 P nuclear magnetic resonance (31 P NMR), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), respectively. The self-assembly properties of the hybrid block copolymers are also investigated by atomic force spectroscopy analysis. By the hereby developed method, various functional groups can be introduced at the chain end of helical polycarbenes for constructing functional polymer materials, moreover, the transition metal residues at the end of polymer chains can be easily removed.

10.
Front Psychol ; 12: 759229, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744935

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to implement and investigate the application of a special intelligent diagnostic system based on deep learning in the diagnosis of pterygium using anterior segment photographs. Methods: A total of 1,220 anterior segment photographs of normal eyes and pterygium patients were collected for training (using 750 images) and testing (using 470 images) to develop an intelligent pterygium diagnostic model. The images were classified into three categories by the experts and the intelligent pterygium diagnosis system: (i) the normal group, (ii) the observation group of pterygium, and (iii) the operation group of pterygium. The intelligent diagnostic results were compared with those of the expert diagnosis. Indicators including accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, kappa value, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), as well as 95% confidence interval (CI) and F1-score were evaluated. Results: The accuracy rate of the intelligent diagnosis system on the 470 testing photographs was 94.68%; the diagnostic consistency was high; the kappa values of the three groups were all above 85%. Additionally, the AUC values approached 100% in group 1 and 95% in the other two groups. The best results generated from the proposed system for sensitivity, specificity, and F1-scores were 100, 99.64, and 99.74% in group 1; 90.06, 97.32, and 92.49% in group 2; and 92.73, 95.56, and 89.47% in group 3, respectively. Conclusion: The intelligent pterygium diagnosis system based on deep learning can not only judge the presence of pterygium but also classify the severity of pterygium. This study is expected to provide a new screening tool for pterygium and benefit patients from areas lacking medical resources.

11.
Am J Surg ; 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Third time liver transplantation is a technically demanding exercise with variable outcomes in single center series. There has been no national level description of survival following third time liver transplant in the US in the MELD era. METHODS: Third time liver transplants between March 1, 2002 and January 1, 2018 in the UNOS dataset were analyzed. RESULTS: Patient survival among the 240 third time liver transplant recipients in the study at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years (71.8%, 62.4%, 59.1%, 49.5%) was significantly worse compared to primary liver transplant (90.6%, 83.9%, 78.8%, 67.6%; p < 0.001) and retransplant (77.1%, 70.3%, 65.6%, 54.9%; p = 0.014). Recipients who were under 43 years old, not on dialysis, without diabetes, and over 1 month out from their second transplant had acceptable survival at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years (88.5%, 78.4%, 73.6%, 69.7%). CONCLUSIONS: While redo-redo transplant remains a challenging endeavor, appropriate patient selection can yield acceptable results.

12.
J Parkinsons Dis ; 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous investigations have suggested that decreased expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) is involved in glutamate excitotoxicity and contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), GLT-1 is decreased in animal models of PD. GLT-1 is mainly expressed in astrocytes, and the striatum is a GLT-1-rich brain area. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the function and mechanism of astrocytic GLT-1 in PD-like changes. METHODS: In the study, PD-like changes and their molecular mechanism in rodents were tested by a behavioral assessment, micro-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), western blotting, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining, and high performance liquid chromatography pre-column derivatization with O-pthaldialdehida after downregulating astrocytic GLT-1 in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: In vivo, after 6 weeks of brain stereotactic injection of adeno-associated virus into the striatum, rats in the astrocytic GLT-1 knockdown group showed poorer motor performance, abnormal gait, and depression-like feature; but no olfactory disorders. The results of micro-PET/CT and western blotting indicated that the dopaminergic system was impaired in astrocytic GLT-1 knockdown rats. Similarly, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) positive immune-staining in neurons of astrocytic GLT-1 knockdown rats showed deficit in cell count. In vitro, knockdown of astrocytic GLT-1 via RNA interference led to morphological injury of TH-positive neurons, which may be related to the abnormal calcium signal induced by glutamate accumulation after GLT-1 knockdown. Furthermore, the GLT-1 agonist ceftriaxone showed a protective effect on TH-positive neuron impairment. CONCLUSION: The present findings may shed new light on the future prevention and treatment of PD based on blocking glutamate excitotoxicity.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27344, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731105

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable disease of airflow limitation that accounts for the third leading deaths of any disease process in the worldwide. Health benefits of liuzijue qigong (LQG) on patients with stable COPD has been assessed. This study was designed to perform a systemic review and meta-analysis of the effect of Liuzijue breathing exercise on patients with stable COPD. METHODS: Published articles from 1970 to December 2020 were conducted using electronic searches. Two independents reviewers conducted data extraction. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RESULTS: A total of 16 eligible trials with 1039 patients with stable COPD were identified. Compared with control group, the pool meta-analysis of LQG showed a significant improvement in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) (MD = -0.16, 95% CI [0.09, 0.23], P < .00001), FEV1% (MD = 9.71, 95% CI [8.44, 10.98], P < .00001), the ratio of forced expiratory volume to forced vital capacity in the first second (FEV1/FVC [%]) (MD = 4.81, 95% CI [2.12, 7.51], P = .0005), 6 minutes walking distance (6MWD) (MD = 21.89, 95% CI [14.67, 29.11], P < .00001), health-related quality of life (SMD = -0.84, 95% CI [-1.12,-0.55], P < .00001) and modified medical research council dyspnea scale (mMRC) (MD = -0.73, 95% CI [-0.96, -0.50], P < .00001). The observed effect was more pronounced for short term and medium-term duration interventions of study. It also showed improvements in the secondary outcome measures by LQG. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, LQG can improve lung ventilation function, exercise endurance and health-related quality of life of patients with stable COPD. ETHIC AND DISSEMINATION: This study is a systematic review and it does not involve harming to the rights of participants. Ethical approval will not be require for this study. The research results may be published in a peer-reviewed journals.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Qigong , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Resistência Física , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 690528, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604250

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the incidence, characteristics, and risk factors of sports-related eye injuries among athletes in Tianjin, China. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2018 to October 2018. In this study, the athletes from Tianjin University of Sports, Tianjin Vocational College of Sports, and Tianjin provincial sports teams were selected for general investigation. In total, 1,673 athletes were invited and 1,413 participated in the study (response rate of 84.5%). Results: In total, 1,413 athletes were enrolled; 151 had suffered from sports-related eye injuries, with an incidence of 10.7% (95% CI: 9.1-12.0%). Handball (38.5%) was the sport with the highest incidence of eye injuries, followed by water polo (36.4%) and diving (26.7%). Overall, 42.4% of the athletes were injured by ball and 22.5% of injuries came from teammates. The eye injuries usually occurred during training (64.2%) and competitions (14.6%). Adnexa wound (51.7%) was the most common type of injury. About 11.9% of the athletes with eye injuries had the impaired vision; 66.7% failed to see doctors on time. The athletes <18 years of age had a higher risk of eye injuries (odds ratio [OR] =1.60, 95% CI: 1.06-2.40). The athletes with lower family income (<1,000 RMB) were at risk population for sports-related eye injuries (OR = 3.91, 95% CI: 2.24-6.82). Training >4 h a day increased the risk of eye injuries (OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.42-3.43). Conclusion: The incidence of sports-related eye injuries among athletes was 10.7% in Tianjin, China. Handball, water polo, and diving were the most common activities of injury. Age, family income, and training time were the risk factors for sports-related eye injuries.

15.
Zool Res ; 42(6): 739-745, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636193

RESUMO

The small-eared shrew genus Cryptotis is the third largest in the family Soricidae and occurs in North, Central, and northern South America. In Mexico and Central and South America, most species inhabit geographically isolated moist, montane habitats at middle and high elevations in a typical sky-island pattern. The 49 recognized species have been partitioned into as many as six species groups based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies. The relationships among these species groups are poorly resolved, and their evolutionary histories, including migration patterns and locomotor adaptations, remain unclear. Herein, we provide a new phylogeny incorporating complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) and supermatrix approach. We compared different evolutionary scenarios using approximately unbiased (AU), Kishino-Hasegawa (KH), and Shimodaira-Hasegawa (SH) statistical tests. The phylogenetic hypothesis based on mitogenomes revealed novel relationships supporting a basal position for the Cryptotis parvus-group in the genus, and a close relationship between C. gracilis and one clade of the C. thomasi-group. The former relationship is consistent with the least derived humerus morphology and northern distribution of the species. The latter relationship implies multiple migrations between Central and South America. The lack of fine resolution for the species group relationships may be due partly to the lack of taxon sampling. In contrast, multi-approach analyses suggest that the unresolved relationships may be a result of rapid diversification during the early stages of Cryptotis evolution.


Assuntos
Especiação Genética , Genômica , Filogenia , Musaranhos/classificação , Musaranhos/genética , Animais
16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(39)2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556575

RESUMO

Hundreds of millions of smallholders in emerging countries substantially overuse nitrogen (N) fertilizers, driving local environmental pollution and global climate change. Despite local demonstration-scale successes, widespread mobilization of smallholders to adopt precise N management practices remains a challenge, largely due to associated high costs and complicated sampling and calculations. Here, we propose a long-term steady-state N balance (SSNB) approach without these complications that is suitable for sustainable smallholder farming. The hypothesis underpinning the concept of SSNB is that an intensively cultivated soil-crop system with excessive N inputs and high N losses can be transformed into a steady-state system with minimal losses while maintaining high yields. Based on SSNB, we estimate the optimized N application range across 3,824 crop counties for the three staple crops in China. We evaluated SSNB first in ca. 18,000 researcher-managed on-farm trials followed by testing in on-farm trials with 13,760 smallholders who applied SSNB-optimized N rates under the guidance of local extension staff. Results showed that SSNB could significantly reduce N fertilizer use by 21 to 28% while maintaining or increasing yields by 6 to 7%, compared to current smallholder practices. The SSNB approach could become an effective tool contributing to the global N sustainability of smallholder agriculture.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520269

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the safety and feasibility of T-tube drainage and primary suture after laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy in the treatment of secondary choledocholithiasis. Methods: The clinical data of patients who underwent laparoscopic choledochoscopy combined with choledochoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for secondary choledocholithiasis from June 2015 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the different treatment method of common bile duct (CBD) incision, the patients were divided into a T-tube drainage group and a primary suture group. The preoperative clinical characteristics, results of preoperative liver function tests (LFTs), LFTs on the first day after the operation and the fourth day after the operation, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative complications, and times of postoperative hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results: There was no significant difference in preoperative clinical data, preoperative LFTs, and postoperative complications between the two groups (P > .05). However, primary suture demonstrated significant advantages (P < .05) in terms of the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and other related factors. Bilirubin levels on the first day after the operation and the fourth day after the operation between the two groups suggested that T-tube drainage reduces bilirubin in the short term, but that long-term bilirubin draining is similar between the two strategies. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that choledochal diameter less than 8 mm was an independent risk factor for bile leakage. Conclusions: Laparoscopy combined with intraoperative choledochoscopic CBD exploration is superior to T-tube drainage in terms of the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative hospital stay. The ability of reducing bilirubin by traditional T-tube drainage is indeed better than that of primary suture in the early stage after operation, but there is no difference in long-term outcome between the two groups. Choledochal diameter ≤8 mm was an independent risk factor for bile leakage. To summarize, LCBDEs primary suture for secondary choledocholithiasis is safe and feasible.

18.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 108: 1-7, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465424

RESUMO

The distribution and chemical speciation of arsenic (As) in different sized atmospheric particulate matters (PMs), including total suspended particles (TSP), PM10, and PM2.5, collected from Baoding, China were analyzed. The average total mass concentrations of As in TSP, PM10, and PM2.5 were 31.5, 35.3, and 54.1 µg/g, respectively, with an order of PM2.5 >PM 10 > TSP, revealing that As is prone to accumulate on fine particles. Due to the divergent toxicities of different As species, speciation analysis of As in PMs is further conducted. Most of previous studies mainly focused on inorganic arsenite (iAsIII), inorganic arsenate (iAsV), monomethylarsonate (MMA), and dimethylarsinate (DMA) in PMs, while the identification and sensitive quantification of trimethylarsine oxide (TMAO) were rarely reported. In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry system was optimized for As speciation including TMAO in PMs. An anion exchange column was used to separate MMA, DMA and iAsV, while a cation exchange column to separate TMAO and iAsIII. Results showed that iAsV was the dominate component in all the samples, corresponding to a portion of 79.2% ± 9.3% of the total extractable species, while iAsIII, TMAO and DMA made up the remaining 21%. Our study demonstrated that iAsIII accounted for about 14.4% ± 11.4% of the total extracted species, with an average concentration of 1.7 ± 1.6 ng/m3. It is worth noting that TMAO was widely present in the samples (84 out of 97 samples), which supported the assumption that TMAO was ubiquitous in atmospheric particles.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Arsênio/análise , Arsenicais/análise , Ácido Cacodílico , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Material Particulado/análise
19.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 36: 102481, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the association of cigarette smoking with retinal thickness and vascular structure in an elderly Chinese population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled employees and retirees aged over 50 years at Tianjin University of Sport from October 2020 to December 2020. Information on smoking status and lifestyle was obtained using a detailed questionnaire. All participants underwent full ophthalmic examination. OCTA image was acquired. Vascular and the thickness parameters in central fovea and peripapillary parameters were automatically calculated. Multiple linear regression analyses were utilized to assess the association of smoking with retinal thickness and vascular structure after controlling potential confounders. RESULTS: Compared with non-smoking adults, current smokers (ß=-36.78; P = 0.01) and ever smokers (ß=-35.45; P = 0.00) tended to have thinner macular fovea. Cigarettes daily, pack-years of smoking and CSI were negatively related to macular thickness (cigarettes daily: ß=-1.43; pack-years: ß=-14.73; CSI: ß=-14.70), while they were positively associated with the circumference (cigarettes daily: ß=0.03; pack-years: ß=0.30; CSI: ß=0.31) and the area of FAZ (cigarettes daily: ß=0.01; pack-years: ß=0.07). CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking seems associated with decreased macular fovea thickness and elevated circumference and area of the FAZ compared to non-smokers. Our data add to evidence of smoking on retinal thickness and the microvascular system in the macular area.

20.
Stem Cells ; 39(11): 1478-1488, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346140

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known for their multilineage differentiation potential with immune-modulatory properties. The molecular underpinnings of differentiation remain largely undefined. In this study, we investigated the cellular and molecular features of chemically induced osteogenesis from MSC isolated from human adipose tissue (human adipose MSCs, hAMSCs) using single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq). We found that a near complete differentiation of osteogenic clusters from hAMSCs under a directional induction. Both groups of cells are heterogeneous, and some of the hAMSCs cells are intrinsically prepared for osteogenesis, while variant OS clusters seems in cooperation with a due division of the general function. We identified a set of genes related to cell stress response highly expressed during the differentiation. We also characterized a series of transitional transcriptional waves throughout the process from hAMSCs to osteoblast and specified the unique gene networks and epigenetic status as key markers of osteogenesis.

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