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1.
SN Appl Sci ; 3(6): 620, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761162

RESUMO

The automotive industry is turning to advanced high strength steels (AHSS) to reduce vehicle weight and increase fuel efficiency. However, the zinc coating on AHSS can cause liquid metal embrittlement (LME) cracking during resistance spot welding. To understand the problem, the severity of the cracking must be measured. Typically, this is done from the weld cross-section. Currently, there is no standard procedure to determine which plane through the weld must be examined to gauge cracking severity, leading to a variety of practices for choosing a cutting plane. This work compares the magnitude and variability of LME severity measured from the plane of exhibiting the most severe surface cracking to arbitrarily chosen planes. The plane exhibiting the most severe cracks had more and longer cracks on the cross-section than the arbitrarily chosen plane, resulting in a higher crack severity measurement. This higher absolute measurement increased the relative accuracy of the examination, allowing for fewer welds to be examined to precisely determine the effect of LME mitigation methods on cracking severity, how welding parameters affect LME cracking severity and the predicted LME affected strength of a particular weld.

2.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101562, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823184

RESUMO

Zinc (Zn) deposition in egg yolk is essential for the rapid growth and complete development of the avian embryo. Thus, it is crucial to obtain maximal Zn mobilization at an appropriate time during development in favor of the survival of avian embryos. The aim of this study was to study the developmental change of Zn mobilization and gene expression related to key Zn transport proteins between the yolk sac membrane and embryonic liver from the incubation d 17 (E17) to d 32 (E32) during duck embryonic developing. The weights of duck embryo, embryo without yolk sac, and embryonic liver increased as well as the yolk sac weight decreased linearly (P < 0.0001) when incubation day increased. The Zn concentration in the yolk sac did not change from E17 to E29 and only declined significantly from E29 to E32 of duck embryos, while hepatic Zn level decreased linearly as with the increased incubation time (P < 0.01). When the incubation day increased, the decreased Zn amount in the yolk sac and the increased Zn amount in the embryonic liver were observed (P < 0.0001). The calculated transfer-out rate of Zn in the yolk sac and transfer-in rate of Zn in livers were both increased from E23-26 to E29-32 (P < 0.01). Among E17, E23 and E29, the solute carrier family 39 member (ZIP) of ZIP10, ZIP13, and ZIP14 genes mRNA expressions were increased in yolk sac membrane but were decreased in the embryonic liver, while metallothionein 1 mRNA expression was increased both in the yolk sac membrane and liver (P < 0.05). In conclusion, yolk sac membrane and embryonic liver tissues displayed the similar developmental patterns of Zn mobilization and metallothionein 1 mRNA expression from E17 to E32 during duck embryonic developing. The appropriate time of the maximal rate of Zn mobilization were observed between E29 and E32 of duck embryo, associated with the significant changes of gene expression related to some key Zn transport proteins on E29 in yolk sac membrane and liver tissues.

3.
Zootaxa ; 5032(2): 295-300, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811125
4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(10): 1569-1576, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of CT-based radiomics in differential diagnosis of retroperitoneal neuroblastoma (NB) and ganglioneuroblastoma (GNB) in children. METHODS: A total of 172 children with NB and 48 children with GNB were assigned into the training set and testing set at the ratio of 7∶3 using a random stratified sampling method. Radiomics features were extracted and selected from non-enhanced and post-enhanced CT images. Based on the subset of optimal features, a multivariate regression model was used to establish the radiomics models for each phase and the combined radiomics models. The ROC curves of the models were drawn, and the evaluation indexes such as AUC, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of these models were calculated and compared. RESULTS: A total of 1218 radiomics features were extracted from the CT images acquired in non-enhanced (NP), arterial (AP) and venous phases (VP), from which 4 features from the NP model, 3 features from the AP model, 2 features from the VP model and 5 features from the combined model were selected. The AUC of the NP model in the training set and testing set was 0.840 (95% CI: 0.778-0.902) and 0.804 (95% CI: 0.699-0.899), respectively, as compared with 0.819 (95%CI: 0.759-0.877) and 0.815 (95%CI: 0.697-0.915) for the AP model, 0.730 (95%CI: 0.649-0.803) and 0.751 (95%CI: 0.619-0.869) for the VP model, and 0.861 (95%CI: 0.809-0.910) and 0.827 (95%CI: 0.726-0.915) for the combined model. CONCLUSION: Radiomics signature based on non-enhanced and post-enhanced CT images can be helpful for distinguishing retroperitoneal NB and GNB in children. Compared with the first-order histogram features, textural features can better reflect the difference of the lesions. NP, AP and VP models have similar classification efficacy in differentiating retroperitoneal NB and GNB. The efficacy of the combined model is similar to that of the NP and AP models, but superior to that of the VP model.


Assuntos
Ganglioneuroblastoma , Neuroblastoma , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ganglioneuroblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(10): 996-999, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689471

RESUMO

Secondary cicatricial alopecia (hereinafter referred to as cicatricial alopecia) after burn and trauma affects the aesthetic appearance and even the physical and mental health of patients, and reduces their quality of life and happiness. Autologous hair transplantation provides an idea for the treatment of cicatricial alopecia, which makes the transplanted hair show a natural growth state. This paper introduces the cicatricial alopecia and autologous hair transplantation and reviews the application and limitations of autologous hair transplantation in treating cicatricial alopecia.


Assuntos
Alopecia , Qualidade de Vida , Alopecia/cirurgia , Cicatriz/patologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Cabelo/patologia , Humanos , Transplante de Pele , Transplante Autólogo
6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6107, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671016

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) play an important role in interstellar chemistry and are subject to high energy photons that can induce excitation, ionization, and fragmentation. Previous studies have demonstrated electronic relaxation of parent PAH monocations over 10-100 femtoseconds as a result of beyond-Born-Oppenheimer coupling between the electronic and nuclear dynamics. Here, we investigate three PAH molecules: fluorene, phenanthrene, and pyrene, using ultrafast XUV and IR laser pulses. Simultaneous measurements of the ion yields, ion momenta, and electron momenta as a function of laser pulse delay allow a detailed insight into the various molecular processes. We report relaxation times for the electronically excited PAH*, PAH+* and PAH2+* states, and show the time-dependent conversion between fragmentation pathways. Additionally, using recoil-frame covariance analysis between ion images, we demonstrate that the dissociation of the PAH2+ ions favors reaction pathways involving two-body breakup and/or loss of neutral fragments totaling an even number of carbon atoms.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(14): 143201, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652176

RESUMO

Trapped ions are one of the leading platforms in quantum information science. For quantum computing with large circuit depth and quantum simulation with long evolution time, it is of crucial importance to cool large ion crystals at runtime without affecting the internal states of the computational qubits, thus the necessity of sympathetic cooling. Here, we report multi-ion sympathetic cooling on a long ion chain using a narrow cooling beam focused on two adjacent ions, and optimize the choice of the cooling ions according to the collective oscillation modes of the chain. We show that, by cooling a small fraction of ions, cooling effects close to the global Doppler cooling limit can be achieved. This experiment therefore demonstrates an important enabling step for quantum information processing with large ion crystals.

8.
Infect Prev Pract ; 3(3): 100147, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647006

RESUMO

Background: Colonization has been reported to play an important role in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) infection; however, the extent to which carriers develop clinical CRE infection and related risk factors in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients is unclear. Aim: To investigate the frequency of CRE colonization and its contribution to infections in NICU patients. Methods: CRE colonization screening and CRE infection surveillance were performed in the NICU in 2017 and 2018. Findings: Among 1230 unique NICU patients who were screened for CRE colonization, 144 patients tested positive (11.7%, 144/1230), with 9.2% (110/1197) in the intestinal tract, which was higher than that in the upper respiratory tract (6.6%, 62/945) (P=0.026). Gestational age, low birth weight and prolonged hospitalization were risk factors for CRE colonization (all P<0.001). Diversilab homology monitoring found an overall 17.4% (25/144) risk of infection among patients colonized with CRE. For carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KP) and carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CR-ECO), the risks were 19.1% (21/110) and 13.8% (4/29), respectively. The independent risk factors for CR-KP clinical infection among CR-KP carriers were receiving mechanical ventilation (odds ratio (OR), 10.177; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.667-38.830; P=0.013), a high level of neonatal nutritional risk assessment (OR, 0.251; 95% CI, 0.072-0.881; P=0.031) and a high neonatal acute physiology II (SNAP-II) score (OR, 0.256; 95% CI, 0.882-1.034; P=0.025). Conclusions: The colonization of CRE may increase the incidence of corresponding CRE infection in NICU patients. Receiving mechanical ventilation, malnutrition and critical conditions with high SNAP-II scores were independent risk factors for subsequent CR-KP clinical infection.

11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1265-1269, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy in elderly patients during anesthesia recovery. METHOD: A total of 178 elderly patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgeries were randomly assigned into HFNC oxygen therapy group (group H) or nasal cannula oxygen therapy group (group N), with 89 patients in each group.All the patients were admitted in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) after the surgery for recovery following the routine procedure.After trachea extubation, the patients in group H received HFNC oxygen therapy and those in group N had nasal cannula oxygen therapy.In both groups, arterial blood gas analysis was performed at 10 min after oxygen inhalation and the respiratory parameters were recorded.During oxygen inhalation, the occurrence and frequency of hypoxia (oxygen saturation < 90%), trachea reintubation and adverse events (unplanned admission to ICU, vomiting, aspiration, etc.) were recorded. RESULTS: All the patients recovered safely from anesthesia in the PACU and subsequently received routine care, and only 1 patient in group N required trachea reintubation.Compared with those in group N, that patients in group H had a significantly lower incidence of hypoxia (3.4% vs 11.2%, P=0.044), a higher arterial partial pressure of oxygen (161.96±51.21 vs 114.35±43.60 mmHg, P < 0.001), and a higher oxygenation index(398.76±231.86 vs 324.10±194.16, P=0.021).The mean respiratory rate, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide and blood oxygen saturation were all comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSION: HFNC oxygen therapy during anesthesia recovery is safe and effective in elderly patients and can reduce the occurrence of hypoxia after tracheal extubation and improve arterial partial pressure of oxygen and oxygenation.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Ventilação não Invasiva , Insuficiência Respiratória , Idoso , Extubação , Cânula , Humanos , Hipóxia , Oxigênio , Oxigenoterapia
12.
BJOG ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status of caesarean delivery (CD) in China, propose reference CD rates for China overall, and by regions, investigate the main indications for CDs and identify possible areas for safe reduction. DESIGN: A multicentre cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 94 hospitals across 23 provinces in China. POPULATION: A total of 73 977 randomly selected deliveries. METHODS: We used a modified Robson classification to characterise CDs in subgroups and by regions, and the World Health Organization (WHO) C-Model to calculate reference CD rates. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: CD rates in China. RESULTS: In 2015-2016, the overall CD rate in China was 38.9% (95% CI 38.6-39.3%). Considering the obstetric characteristics of the population, the multivariable model-based reference CD rate was estimated at 28.5% (95% CI 28.3-28.8%). Accordingly, an absolute reduction of 10.4% (or 26.7% relative reduction) may be considered. The CD rate varied substantially by region. Previous CD was the most common indication in all regions, accounting for 38.2% of all CDs, followed by maternal request (9.8%), labour dystocia (8.3%), fetal distress (7.7%) and malpresentation (7.6%). Overall, 12.7% of women had prelabour CDs, contributing to 32.8% of the total CDs. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 39% of births were delivered by caesarean in China but a reduction of this rate by a quarter may be considered attainable. Repeat CD contributed more than one-third of the total CDs. Given the large variation in maternal characteristics, region-specific or even hospital-specific reference CD rates are needed for precision management of CD. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: The caesarean rate in 2015-2016 in China was 38.9%, whereas the reference rate was 28.5%.

13.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(8): 910-914, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344075

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, treatments, outcomes and mechanisms of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) complicated with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Methods: The clinical manifestations, treatments, prognosis and histopathological features of renal biopsy tissues were analyzed in two cases of HUS complicated with IgAN from Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University using light microscopy, immunofluorescence detection and electron microscopy. The related literatures were also reviewed. Results: The clinical manifestations were microvascular hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, acute renal impairment with hematuria, proteinuria, and positive anti-H factor antibody. Histological findings confirmed presence of both HUS and IgAN. Histological features included glomerular mesangial and stromal hyperplasia with endothelial cell proliferation, capillary stenosis, arteriolar thickening, and glomerular ischemia and capillary dilatation. Immunofluorescence detection showed diffuse IgA deposition in the glomerular mesangial matrix. Electron microscopy showed proliferation of mesangial and endothelial cells, thickening of the inner layer of the glomerular basement membrane, deposition of massive electronic densification in the mesangial region, and shrinkage of the segmental basement membrane. The two children were very responsive to plasma exchange and steroid treatments. However, their urine protein and occult blood tests remained continuously positive during the follow-up of 5 years 7 months and 8 months respectively. Conclusions: HUS complicated with IgAN is rare. The diagnosis relies on various pathological examinations, which require the combination of light microscopy, immunofluorescence detection and electron microscopy. Plasma exchange and steroid treatments are effective. However, the long-term prognosis is concerning and may relate to pathological grade and secondary factors. The mechanism of connecting HUS and IgAN is unknown, but may be caused by prodromal or secondary factors.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica , Biópsia , Criança , Células Endoteliais , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/complicações , Síndrome Hemolítico-Urêmica/complicações , Humanos , Proteinúria
14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 595-600, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344120

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate causes and management of surgical complications of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in initial cases. Methods: A retrospective study. A total of 52 eyes of 52 patients underwent DMEK by one surgeon in Peking University Third Hospital from February 2017 to December 2019, including 17 males and 35 females, aged (66±12) years. All patients' demographic characteristics, previous surgical history, intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: Intraoperative complications included difficulties in unfolding the graft in 6 cases (11.5%), inverted grafts in 5 cases (9.6%), grafts rushing out of the anterior chamber in 2 cases (3.8%), grafts injected behind the iris in 3 cases (5.8%) and hemorrhage in 1 case. Partial graft detachment that occurred in 28 cases (53.8%) was the most frequent postoperative complication. Rebubbling was performed in 25 cases (48.1%). Pupillary block occurred in 9 cases (17.3%) and was managed by reducing air under a slit lamp. Primary graft failure occurred in 3 cases (5.8%) and viral infection occurred in 2 cases (3.8%). Conclusions: The rate of complications of DMEK in initial cases is higher than that of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Intraoperative graft inversion and postoperative graft detachment are the most common complications. It is important to select appropriate indications and discover or manage intraoperative and postoperative complications in time to reduce the incidence of complications. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57:595-600).


Assuntos
Doenças da Córnea , Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior , Doenças da Córnea/etiologia , Doenças da Córnea/cirurgia , Lâmina Limitante Posterior/cirurgia , Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior/efeitos adversos , Endotélio Corneano , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acuidade Visual
15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 768-772, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405612

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features, and the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor in children. Methods: The clinical data, histopathological features, immunophenotype and special staining of 2 mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumors were analyzed. The related literatures were reviewed. Results: The age of the two boys was 11 months and 22 months respectively, but their clinical symptoms became apparent at the age of about 4 months. The lesions involved lymph nodes and skin. The first patient also had fever for more than 4 months. Both patients received anti-inflammatory treatment in the outside hospital, but had no obvious improvements of the symptoms. A tumor resection was performed at the outside hospital. Histologically, mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor consisted of bland spindle cells, which formed fascicles, without any obvious atypia and mitoses. The cell nuclei were vesicular, with small nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm in some of the cases. The spindle cells expressed histiocyte-associated markers, such as CD68. The Ki-67 proliferation index was low. The mycobacteria were usually readily highlighted by acid-fast staining, which located in the cytoplasm of proliferative spindle cells. In the first case, there was obstructive jaundice because of the progressive enlargement of live portal lymph nodes and systemic disseminated lesions. The second patient had disease recurrence after only operation, and gradually developed other skin nodules and superficial lymph node enlargement. The high-throughput molecular analysis of the skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of mycobacterium tuberculosis. After 11 days of anti-tuberculosis treatment, the patient's condition improved significantly. Conclusions: Mycobacterial spindle cell pseudotumor in children is a very rare benign lesion. It is characterized by spindle-histiocyte proliferation caused by mycobacterium infection. An acid-fast stain appears necessary for confirming the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Histiócitos , Humanos , Lactente , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Masculino
16.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(9): 797-805, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445815

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the long-term safety of digoxin in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: This was a prospective study, in which 25 512 AF patients were enrolled from China Atrial Fibrillation Registry Study. After exclusion of patients receiving ablation therapy at the enrollment, 1 810 CAD patients [age: (71.5±9.3)years] with AF were included. The subjects were grouped into the digoxin group and non-digoxin group, and were followed up for a period of 80 months. Long-term outcomes were compared between the groups and an adjusted Cox regression analysis was applied to evaluate the risk of digoxin on the long-term outcomes. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Results: The patients were followed up for a median period of 3.05 years. After multivariable adjustment, the Cox regression analysis showed that digoxin significantly increased the risk of all-cause mortality (HR=1.28, 95%CI 1.01-1.61, P=0.038), cardiovascular mortality (HR=1.48,95%CI 1.10-2.00,P=0.010), cardiovascular hospitalization (HR=1.67,95%CI 1.35-2.07,P=0.008) and the composite endpoints (HR=2.02,95%CI 1.71-2.38,P<0.001). In the subgroup of patients with heart failure (HF), digoxin was not associated with the risk of all-cause mortality, but was still associated with the increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (HR=1.44,95%CI 1.05-1.98,P=0.025), cardiovascular hospitalization (HR=1.44,95%CI 1.09-1.90,P=0.010) and the composite endpoints (HR=1.37, 95%CI 1.01-1.70, P=0.004). However, in the subgroup of patients without HF, digoxin was only associated with all-cause mortality (HR=2.56,95%CI 1.44-4.54,P=0.001). Conclusion: Digoxin significantly increased the risk of all-cause mortality in CAD patients with AF, especially in patients without HF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antiarrítmicos/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Digoxina/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Avian Dis ; 65(3): 364-372, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427409

RESUMO

We previously reported that recombinant Newcastle disease virus LaSota (rLS) expressing infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) Arkansas (Ark)-type trimeric spike (S) ectodomain (Se; rLS/ArkSe) provides suboptimal protection against IBV challenge. We have now developed rLS expressing chicken granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF) and IBV Ark Se in an attempt to enhance vaccine effectiveness. In the current study, we first compared protection conferred by vaccination with rLS/ArkSe and rLS/ArkSe.GMCSF. Vaccinated chickens were challenged with virulent Ark, and protection was determined by clinical signs, viral load, and tracheal histomorphometry. Results showed that coexpression of GMCSF and the Se from rLS significantly reduced tracheal viral load and tracheal lesions compared with chickens vaccinated with rLS/ArkSe. In a second experiment, we evaluated enhancement of cross-protection of a Massachusetts (Mass) attenuated vaccine by priming or boosting with rLS/ArkSe.GMCSF. Vaccinated chickens were challenged with Ark, and protection was evaluated. Results show that priming or boosting with the recombinant virus significantly increased cross-protection conferred by Mass against Ark virulent challenge. Greater reductions of viral loads in both trachea and lachrymal fluids were observed in chickens primed with rLS/ArkSe.GMCSF and boosted with Mass. Consistently, Ark Se antibody levels measured with recombinant Ark Se protein-coated ELISA plates 14 days after boost were significantly higher in these chickens. Unexpectedly, the inverse vaccination scheme, that is, priming with Mass and boosting with the recombinant vaccine, proved somewhat less effective. We concluded that a prime and boost strategy by using rLS/ArkSe.GMCSF and the worldwide ubiquitous Mass attenuated vaccine provides enhanced cross-protection. Thus, rLS/GMCSF coexpressing the Se of regionally relevant IBV serotypes could be used in combination with live Mass to protect against regionally circulating IBV variant strains.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/imunologia , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/imunologia , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/imunologia , Galinhas/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Proteção Cruzada , Expressão Gênica , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/química , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/genética , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/fisiologia , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Domínios Proteicos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/administração & dosagem , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Traqueia/imunologia , Traqueia/virologia , Vacinação , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/genética , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Carga Viral
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(29): 2322-2327, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333949

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of an etoposide-containing regimen in the treatment of adult-onset Still's disease related hemophagocytic syndrome(AOSD-HLH). Methods: This study adopted the method of retrospective analysis to collect clinical data of 43 AOSD-HLH patients, including the clinical characteristics, laboratory indexes, treatment regimen and prognosis. There were 7 males and 36 females, aged 24-40 years, with a median age of 30. All of them were diagnosed and treated in Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University from December 2014 to December 2019. According to whether or not etoposide (VP-16) was included in the initial therapy, patients were divided into group 1 (VP-16 was not administrated in the initial treatment, n=31) and group 2 (the initial treatment included etoposide, n=12). Patients in group 1 who did not respond to the initial treatment were retreated with VP-16-containing regimen, and the effect of initial treatment was compared between the 2 groups. Similarly, according to whether the VP-16-containing regimen was applied or not, patients achieving remission of HLH were divided into group a (not applied, n=6) and group b (applied, n=33), and the laboratory indicators of the two groups were compared. Results: The overall response rate (ORR, 6/31 vs 11/12) and complete response rate (CRR, 1/31 vs 5/12) of patients in group 1 were significantly lower than those in group 2 (both P<0.05). Patients in group 1 who did not respond to the initial treatment were retreated with a VP-16-containing regimen, and we found that the ORR reached 22/24. Among patients in remission, the natural killer cell activity [16.3(14.2, 17.5)% vs 13.1(12.2, 13.8)%] and granulocyte counts [5.6(3.4, 9.3) ×109/L vs 3.9(2.3, 4.7) ×109/L] of patients was significantly higher in group B than that in group A(both P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in haemoglobin [103.0 (97.0, 109.5) g/L vs 91.5 (70.0, 118.0) g/L] and platelet counts [(212.2±74.2)×109/L vs (226.0±114.9)×109/L] between the two groups(both P>0.05). Conclusion: The remission status of HLH has an impact on the prognosis of patients. The use of VP-16 in initial treatment can significantly increase the ORR and CRR of AOSD-HLH patients. The application of VP-16 does not cause bone marrow suppression.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Doença de Still de Início Tardio , Adulto , Etoposídeo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100232, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression patterns have important biological and therapeutic implications in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer. However, little is known about hormone receptor (HR)-positive and triple-positive subtypes, making therapy selection and survival prognosis difficult. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and nomogram-predicted survival of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patients with HER2-positive breast cancer were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Comparisons were carried out between single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes. A nomogram-based model of predicted outcomes was developed. RESULTS: This cohort study included 34 819 patients with breast cancer (34 606 women and 213 men). Single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes showed distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that patients with ER-positive/PR-negative/HER2-positive [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.14-1.39], ER-negative/PR-positive/HER2-positive (HR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.23-1.97), and ER-negative/PR-negative/HER2-positive (HR = 1.56; 95% CI: 1.43-1.70) subtypes had worse breast cancer-specific survival than patients with the triple-positive subtype. Thirteen clinical parameters were included as prognostic factors in the nomogram: age, sex, race, grade, histology type, bone, brain, liver, and lung metastasis, TNM (tumor-node-metastasis) staging, and molecular subtype. The C-index was 0.853 (95% CI: 0.845-0.861). Calibration plots indicated that the nomogram-predicted survival was consistent with the recorded 3-year and 5-year prognoses. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in survival rates were observed between single HR-positive and double HR-positive/double HR-negative subtypes. A nomogram accurately predicted survival. Different treatment strategies may be required for HER2-positive patients with single HR-positive and double HR-positive tumors to ensure optimal treatment and benefits.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Receptores de Estrogênio
20.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 053501, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243359

RESUMO

A toroidal soft x-ray array system for spectrum and intensity measurements on the EXL-50 spherical tokamak is described. Silicon drift detectors and digital multichannel analyzers are adopted for all 21 channels of the array, and an average energy resolution of 147 eV at 5.89 keV has been achieved at count rates over 500 kcps. In total, 20 channels of the array are symmetrically observed in both co- and counter-current directions on the EXL-50 mid-plane with a spatial resolution of around 10 cm, and the remaining one serves as a background reference channel. Tungsten emissions from tungsten coating of the limiters on the central post are observed. The influence of hard x rays on measured soft x-ray spectra and system operation is discussed.

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