Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.066
Filtrar
1.
Brain Res ; : 147204, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injuries are a common clinical problem which may result in permanent loss of motor or sensory function. A better understanding of the signaling pathways that lead to successful nerve regeneration may help in discovering new therapeutic targets. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays significant roles in nerve development and regeneration. In a mouse model of facial nerve injury, Hedgehog-responsive fibroblasts increase in number both at the site of injury and within the distal nerve. However, the role of these cells in facial nerve regeneration is not fully understood. We hypothesize that the Hh pathway plays an angiogenic and pro-migratory role following facial nerve injury. METHODS: Hedgehog pathway modulators were applied to murine endoneurial fibroblasts isolated from the murine facial nerve. The impact of pathway modulation on endoneurial fibroblast migration and cell proliferation was assessed. Gene expression changes of known Hedgehog target genes and the key angiogenic factor Vegf-A were determined by qPCR. In vivo, mice were treated with pathway agonist (SAG21k) and injured facial nerve specimens were analyzed via immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization. RESULTS: Hedgehog pathway activation in facial nerve fibroblasts via SAG21k treatment increases Gli1 and Ptch1 expression, the rate of cellular migration, and Vegf-A expression in vitro. In vivo, expression of Gli1 and Vegf-A expression appears to increase after injury, particularly at the site of nerve injury and the distal nerve, as detected by immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization. Additionally, Gli1 transcripts co-localize with Vegf-A following transection injury to the facial nerve. DISCUSSION: These findings describe an angiogenic and pro-migratory role for the Hedgehog pathway mediated through effects on nerve fibroblasts. Given the critical role of Vegf-A in nerve regeneration, modulation of this pathway may represent a potential therapeutic target to improve facial nerve regeneration following injury.

2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1232-1236, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147922

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the applicability of limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (LAg-Avidity EIA, LAg for short) in determining the new HIV-1 infection status of MSM population with seroconversion and make correlation analysis of other biological indicators. Methods: The 15 cases with HIV seroconversion were found in a MSM observation cohort for calculating the HIV prevalence in Zhejiang.The subjects were conducted epidemiological investigation and sampled.The interval of infection time was estimated according to the exposure history and the time of HIV-positive confirmation.LAg, immunoblotting, CD4 cell counting and viral load test were applied in the testing of the related blood samples. McNermar test was conducted for consistency of the two methods. Results: Of 15 cases, the average age was (31.5±8.0) years old, ranging from 24 to 57 years old. The interval of infection time ranged from 40 days to 366 days, and the median was 134 days, with inter-quartile range from 89 to 180 days. A total of 7 cases were classified as new HIV-1 infection by LAg, and 8 cases were classified as chronic infection.The consistent rate was high to 86.67%, and kappa value was 0.73.The samples lacking at least two bands in p31, p51, p66 and gp120 by immunoblotting were determined as recent infection, of which the new infection proportion was significantly higher than that of other samples (P=0.029).There was no statistical difference in the distribution of CD4 counts (P=0.533) and viral loads (P=0.467) between the new infection and chronic infection groups that divided by LAg. Conclusion: By combining with exposure history, the limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay can be used to estimate the new HIV-1 infection.The other biological indicators such as immunoblotting bands, CD4 cell counts and viral loads, can be used as accessory indicators in evaluating the status of new HIV-1 infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Soropositividade para HIV , HIV-1 , Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas , Adulto , Anticorpos Anti-HIV , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Soroconversão , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1110-1112, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212564

RESUMO

Laparoscopic left colectomy (LLC) has been widely performed for treating patients with left hemicolon cancer. For less invasion, totally laparoscopic left colectomy intracorporeal anastomosis (TLC/IA) has been increasingly attempted and proposed. Up to now, there is no standard for intracorporeal anastomosis. Authors list various types of intracorporeal anastomosis in terms of technical details and postoperative complications. According to the literatures, side to side anastomosis with linear laparoscopic stapler is the mainstream method. Surgeons should make flexible choices based on personal technical characteristics, colon conditions and objective economic conditions of patients. An individualized anastomosis method is acceptable.

4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(10): 1133-1140, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115201

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the performance of ZNA(ZIP Nucleic Acid) probes and its application in the quantitative detection of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT)nucleic acid. Methods: Use CT positive plasmids to compare the PCR amplification curves of ZNA probes coupled with different ZIP numbers. Compare ZNA probes with other three sets of probes [namely, 29mer ordinary Taqman probes (long-DNA probe), 20mer ordinary Taqman probes (short-DNA probe) and MGB probes] for stability in PCR amplification curves and repeated freezing and thawing, and the difference in the detection rate of low-concentration plasmids. Use CT positive clinical samples to compare the difference in amplification curves between ZNA probes, long-DNA probe, short-DNA probe and MGB probes, and the detection rate of low-concentration samples. Results: (1) The Ct value and fluorescence value of the probes coupled with 5ZIP units are both better than those coupled with a smaller number of ZIPs. And the difference is biggest when compared with only coupled with 1 ZIP unit: Ct value increased by 1.34 (sensitivity increased by 2.37 times), and fluorescence value increased by 30%. (2) The amplification efficiency of the ZNA probe coupled with 5 ZIPs is 2.14-2.64 times that of the preferred ordinary Taqman probe and MGB probe, and the fluorescence value is 17%-90% higher. (3) The probe freeze-thaw stability results show that the ZNA probe has the best stability, and the lowest concentration of Ct value has the smallest deviation (CV% = 1.4), which is better than the other three sets of probes (CV%=1.7-3.7). (4) Using 35 CT positive clinical samples to compare the PCR amplification performance, compared with other three sets of probes, the amplification sensitivity of ZNA probes was increased by 1.60, 0.99 and 1.06 times respectively. And the results of the consistency analysis of the Ct value show that compared with short-DNA probe and MGB probes, ZNA probes have better detection performance for clinical samples. (5) Use low concentration plasmid template (200, 100, 50 and 10 copies/mL respectively) to compare the amplification sensitivity of the four sets of probes, the detection rate of ZNA probe is the best. Especially, at the lowest concentration 10 copies/mL, the detection rate of the other sets of probes is only 15%-20%, but the ZNA probe is still 30%. (6) In 20 clinical samples with different low concentrations (200, 150, 100, and 50 copies/mL), the detection rate of ZNA probes was the highest, which were 100%, 95%, 90%, and 70%, respectively. Conclusions: Through testing of the amplification efficiency, fluorescence value, freeze-thaw stability, the amplification performance of clinical samples and the detection sensitivity of low-concentration samples, ZNA probes coupled with 5 ZIPs show better performance than ordinary Taqman probes and MGB probes. As a new probe technology with flexible design and easy synthesis, ZNA probe can further improve detection sensitivity of low concentration samples in the field of gene expression.


Assuntos
Chlamydia trachomatis , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Plasmídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
J Perinatol ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the mediating effects of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarkers at term gestation on the relationship between perinatal illness severity and neurodevelopment. METHODS: The Clinical Risk Index for Babies-second edition (CRIB-II) was correlated with indices of brain maturation or injury and neurodevelopment at 2-year follow-up in infants born less than 32 weeks gestation. Using a counterfactual mediation analysis, associations between CRIB-II, MRI biomarkers, and neurodevelopment were confirmed, followed by an assessment of the mediating effects of MRI biomarkers on the relationship between CRIB-II and neurodevelopment. RESULTS: CRIB-II correlated significantly with neurodevelopment and MRI biomarkers of brain injury or cortical maturation. Two MRI biomarkers, cortical surface area and global injury score, were associated with neurodevelopmental scores at follow-up and included in mediation analyses. CONCLUSION: Biomarkers of cortical maturation or brain injury at term-equivalent age mediated a substantial portion of the risks conveyed by perinatal illness severity on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years corrected age.

6.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(9): 1381-1384, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076588

RESUMO

The central air conditioning ventilation system plays an important role in the air circulation of buildings such as centralized isolation medical observation points and general public buildings. In order to meet the requirements of COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control, Beijing Preventive Medicine Association organized Beijing CDC and other professional institutes to write up the group standard entitled "Technical specification for health risk investigation of central air conditioning ventilation system during the COVID-19 epidemic (T/BPMA 0006-2020)" . According to the particularity of central air conditioning ventilation system risk control during the outbreak of similar respiratory infectious diseases, based on current laws and regulations and the principle of scientific, practical, consistency and normative, 8 key points of risk investigations were summarized, which were the location of fresh air outlet, air conditioning mode, air return mode, air system, air distribution, fresh air volume, exhaust and air conditioner components. The contents, process, method, data analysis and conclusion of the investigation implementation were also defined and unified. It could standardize and guide institutions such as disease control and health supervision to carry out relevant risk managements, and provided solutions and technical supports for such major public health emergencies in city operations.


Assuntos
Ar Condicionado/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Epidemias , Desenho de Equipamento/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Ventilação/instrumentação , Ar Condicionado/instrumentação , Pequim/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco
8.
Exp Eye Res ; 200: 108226, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905843

RESUMO

In chicks, the diurnal patterns of retinal dopamine synthesis and release are associated with refractive development. To assess the within-day patterns of dopamine release, we assayed vitreal levels of DOPAC (3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid) using high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection, at 4-h intervals over 24 h in eyes with experimental manipulations that change ocular growth rates. Chicks were reared under a 12 h light/12 h dark cycle; experiments began at 12 days of age. Output was assessed by modelling using the robust variance structure of Generalized Estimating Equations. Continuous spectacle lensdefocus or form deprivation: One group experienced non-restricted visual input to both eyes and served as untreated "normal" controls. Three experimental cohorts underwent monocular visual alterations known to alter eye growth and refraction: wearing a diffuser, a negative lens or a positive lens. After one full day of device-wear, chicks were euthanized at 4-h intervals over 24 h (8 birds per time/condition). Brief hyperopic defocus: Chicks wore negative lenses for only 2 daily hours either in the morning (starting at ZT 0; n = 16) or mid-day (starting at ZT 4; n = 8) for 3 days. Vitreal DOPAC was assayed. In chicks with bilateral non-restricted vision, or with continuous defocus or form-deprivation, there was a diurnal variation in vitreal DOPAC levels for all eyes (p < 0.001 for each). In normal controls, DOPAC was highest during the daytime, lowest at night, and equivalent for both eyes. In experimental groups, regardless of whether experiencing a growth stimulatory input (diffuser; negative lens) or growth inhibitory input (positive lens), DOPAC levels were reduced compared both to fellow eyes and to those of normal controls (p < 0.001 for each). These diurnal variations in vitreous DOPAC levels under different visual conditions indicate a complexity for dopaminergic mechanisms in refractive development that requires further study.

10.
Physiol Res ; 69(5): 775-785, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901490

RESUMO

Sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo, resulting from lesions in the sensory epithelium of the inner ear, have a high incidence worldwide. The sensory epithelium of the inner ear may exhibit extreme degeneration and is transformed to flat epithelium (FE) in humans and mice with profound sensorineural hearing loss and/or vertigo. Various factors, including ototoxic drugs, noise exposure, aging, and genetic defects, can induce FE. Both hair cells and supporting cells are severely damaged in FE, and the normal cytoarchitecture of the sensory epithelium is replaced by a monolayer of very thin, flat cells of irregular contour. The pathophysiologic mechanism of FE is unclear but involves robust cell division. The cellular origin of flat cells in FE is heterogeneous; they may be transformed from supporting cells that have lost some features of supporting cells (dedifferentiation) or may have migrated from the flanking region. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition may play an important role in this process. The treatment of FE is challenging given the severe degeneration and loss of both hair cells and supporting cells. Cochlear implant or vestibular prosthesis implantation, gene therapy, and stem cell therapy show promise for the treatment of FE, although many challenges remain to be overcome.

11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 721-727, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957753

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of history of hypertension and blood pressure levels on the thromboembolism risk in the setting of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Methods: China Atrial Fibrillation Registry Study prospectively enrolled 25 512 atrial fibrillation (AF) patients between August 2011 and December 2018. After exclusion of patients with valvular AF, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, receiving anticoagulation or ablation therapy at the enrollment, 7 757 patients were included in analysis. The primary endpoint was the time to the first occurrence of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to evaluate whether a history of hypertension or blood pressure levels were independently associated with thromboembolism. Results: During a mean follow up of (35±25) months, 455 (5.9%)thromboembolic events occurred. The crude incidence rate of thromboembolism in patients with a history of hypertension was higher than that in patients without hypertension (2.38 vs. 1.35 per 100 patient-years, χ²=16.8,Log-rank P<0.001). Patients were further divided into 4 groups according to systolic blood pressure (SBP) levels at baseline, the crude incidence rate of thromboembolism significantly increased in proportion to the elevation of SBP levels (χ²=17.9,Log-rank P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in thromboembolism risk among 4 groups stratified by diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels (χ²=0.6,Log-rank P=0.907). Multivariable regression analysis showed that history of hypertension was independently associated with a 27% higher risk of thromboembolism (HR=1.27, 95%CI 1.01-1.61, P=0.045). Patients with SBP≥140 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) was associated with 36% higher risk of thromboembolism than patients with SBP<120 mmHg (HR=1.36, 95%CI 1.02-1.82, P=0.036). However, patients with SBP 120-129 mmHg or 130-139 mmHg were not at a higher risk of thromboembolism as compared to the patients with SBP<120 mmHg (SBP 120-129 mmHg: HR=1.23, 95%CI 0.90-1.67, P=0.193; SBP 130-139 mmHg: HR=1.30, 95%CI 0.95-1.77, P=0.098). In addition, DBP levels were not independently associated with the increased thromboembolism risk. Conclusion: A history of hypertension and SBP≥140 mmHg are independent predictors of thromboembolism risk in patients with NVAF. These results indicate that intensive efforts to lower SBP below 140 mmHg might be an important strategy to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with NVAF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Hipertensão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 735-739, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957755

RESUMO

Objective: This study explored the thromboembolism risk of low-risk atrial fibrillation (AF) patients (CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0 or 1 for male and 1 or 2 for female) with different clinical characteristics to provide the basis for anticoagulation decision-making in these patients. Methods: We prospectively enrolled consecutive 2 862 nonvalvular low-risk AF patients between August 2011 to December 2018 in China-AF (China Atrial Fibrillation Registry) Study, their CHA2DS2-VASc score was 0 or 1 for male and 1 or 2 for female. According to their age, sex, presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and vascular disease at the time of enrolling, patients were divided into CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 score group, 1 score group, and 2 score group. Patients were followed up every 6 months by outpatient clinic visit or telephone interview. The outcome was a thromboembolic event, including ischemic stroke and systemic embolism. Univariate Cox regression analysis was used to compare the thromboembolism risk between the patients with different risk factors and CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group. Results: A total of 2 862 low-risk atrial fibrillation patients were enrolled in this study. 915 patients (32.0%) were female, and age was (55.0±10.7) years old. There were 933 patients (32.6%) in CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group, 1 401 patients (49.0%) in score 1 group and 528 patients (18.5%) in score 2 group. During follow-up (median 1.5 years, 5 811.82 person-years), 33 cases of thromboembolic events were recorded, the annual rate of thromboembolism was 0.57% (95%CI 0.40%~0.80%). The number of thromboembolic events in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0, 1 and 2 were 8, 11 and 14, respectively, and the annual thromboembolism event rates were 0.40% (95%CI 0.20%-0.81%), 0.39% (95%CI 0.22%-0.71%) and 1.34% (95%CI 0.80%-2.27%), respectively. The risk of thromboembolism of CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 group (HR=3.53, 95%CI 1.48-8.44; P=0.005), especially female patients aged 65-74 years in CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 group (HR=2.67, 95%CI 1.63-4.38; P<0.000) was significantly higher than that in patients of CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 group. Conclusion: Low-Risk Atrial Fibrillation patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2, especially female patients aged 65-74 years old with CHA2DS2-VASc score 2 are at higher risk of thromboembolism in low-risk AF patients. For such patients, intensified oral anticoagulant therapy might be helpful to reduce the risk of thrombolism.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticoagulantes , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
13.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 796-801, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987457

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NB) in a single center, analyze the prognostic factors of HR-NB. Methods: The clinical data of children with HR-NB who were treated and followed up at the hematology-oncology center of Beijing Children's Hospital from February 1, 2007 to June 30, 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features were summarized. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox regression was used to analyze the prognostic factors. The last follow-up time was June 30, 2019. Results: A total of 458 children with HR-NB were enrolled in this study, including 265 males (57.9%) and 193 females (42.1%), the age at diagnosis was 40.0 months (4.5-148.0 months), the follow-up time was 22.0 months (0.2-138.0 months) and the time of tumor progression or recurrence was 15 months (1-72 months). The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was (31.2±2.6)% and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was (43.9±3.2)%. The 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate in 142 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients with bone marrow metastases were better than that in 196 non-transplantation cases with bone marrow metastases ((26.5±4.5)% vs. (25.1±3.6)%, χ²=13.773, P=0.001; (38.1±5.5)% vs. (35.7±4.7)%, χ²=9.235, P=0.002); 128 transplantation patients with bone metastases had higher 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate than 188 non-transplantation cases with bone metastases ((28.5±5.0)% vs. (26.7±3.8)%, χ²=10.222, P=0.001; (37.1±6.0)% vs. (36.2±4.8)%, χ²=7.843, P=0.005). The 5-year EFS rate was higher in 37 HSCT patients with MYCN amplification than in 49 non-transplantation cases with MYCN amplification ((26.8±8.0) % vs. (20.5±6.4) %, χ²=5.732, P=0.017). No significant difference was found in 5-years OS rate between transplantation group with MYCN amplification and non-transplantation group with MYCN amplification ((31.4±8.6) % vs. (26.2±7.4) %, χ²=3.230, P=0.072). Univariate survival analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)≥1 500 U/L was associated with poor prognosis of patients with MYCN amplification (χ²=6.960, P=0.008). Multivariate Cox analysis showed bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with non-MYCN amplification (HR=2.427, 1.618;95%CI:1.427-4.126, 1.275-2.054, P<0.05) for both comparisons. Conclusions: LDH≥1 500 U/L was the poor prognostic factor for patients with MYCN amplification. The bone marrow metastasis and LDH≥1 500 U/L were the poor prognostic factors for HR-NB patients with non-MYCN amplification. HSCT can improve the prognosis of patients with bone or bone marrow metastasis. It can also retard the time of progression or recurrence for patients with MYCN amplification.

14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 112: 103986, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Purpose of the present study was to explore the improvement of wear performance for a nano fluorapatite veneering porcelain by ion-exchange. METHODS: Bar and disk specimens were prepared by IPS e.max Ceram as the nano fluorapatite veneering porcelain. Ion-exchange was performed in a melted KNO3 bath at two temperatures for different time-periods. After the ion-exchange, the bars were tested for flexural strength, surface Vickers hardness and HIF toughness, the disks were tested for wear performance paired with zirconia antagonist using a pin-on-disk tribometer with 10 N for 70✕104 wear cycles in artificial saliva. Wear analysis of the porcelain and zirconia was performed with a 3D profilometer. The microstructure and worn surface morphology were examined with scanning electron microscopy. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey's post-hoc pairwise comparison were used to analyse the wear data. RESULTS: The nano fluorapatite veneering porcelain before ion-exchange presented strong time-dependent wear behavior. Furthermore, wear rate of the original porcelain exhibited a very large standard deviation in the running-in wear stage, which was correlated with highly inhomogeneous distribution of the characteristic fluorapatite crystals in the microstructure. After ion-exchange at 350 °C and 380 °C, especially after the processing at 350 °C for 128 h, the wear rates of both running-in and steady wear stages could be significantly decreased. More importantly, the standard deviation of wear rate in the running-in wear stage could be remarkably reduced after the treatment. The improved reliability of wear performance was attributed to the strengthening and toughening effects of the ion-exchange processing. CONCLUSION: For the fluorapatite veneering porcelain, the ion-exchange protocol to obtain an ion-exchange layer with less stress relaxation and a considerable depth could strengthen and toughen the porcelain; as a result, the reliability of wear performance could be remarkably improved.

15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 750-754, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the blood parameters related to erythrocyte and platelet between baseline and 3 months after initial periodontal therapy in patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic periodontitis (DM-P). METHODS: According to the International Symposium on Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions in 1999 and the diagnostic criteria of type 2 diabetes mellitus proposed by the World Health Organization in 1999, 35 patients with DM-P were recruited. All the participants received initial periodontal therapy, including oral hygiene instruction, scaling, and root planning provided by one senior periodontist. Original diet, exercise, and medication for blood glucose control were unchanged for all the participants. At baseline and 3 months after initial periodontal therapy, the clinical periodontal parameters, including probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI) and clinical attachment loss (CAL); erythrocyte-related indexes, including red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), RBC volume distribution width (RDW); platelet-related indexes, including platelet (PLT) count, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), plateletocrit (PCT) were measured and compared. RESULTS: Compared with baseline, the periodontal parameters, including PD [(3.370±0.601) mm vs. (2.729±0.431) mm], BI [2.160 (1.550~3.410) vs. 1.420 (1.000~2.970)] and CAL [(3.307±1.577) mm vs. (2.990±1.587) mm], were significantly reduced (P < 0.001) three months after the initial periodontal therapy; the erythrocyte-related indexes, including RBC count [(4.727±0.392)×1012/L vs. (4.825±0.394)×1012/L, P=0.010], HGB [(145.886±11.792) g/L vs. (149.200±12.979) g/L, P=0.007] and HCT [43.40% (37.50%~48.50%) vs. 43.80% (38.50%~53.20%), P=0.003], were significantly increased three months after the initial periodontal therapy; PLT count [(216.714±61.900)×109/L vs. (205.886±62.051)×109/L, P=0.016] was significantly reduced 3 months after the initial periodontal therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The initial periodontal therapy can significantly improve blood parameters related to RBC and PLT, which might decrease the risk of vascular complications in DM-P patients.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Plaquetas , Eritrócitos , Hematócrito , Humanos
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(7): 543-550, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842440

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the value of whole genomic copy number variation (WGCNV) detection and scoring system in the diagnosis and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: Seventy-six lung adenocarcinoma specimens including ninety-one tumor samples and twenty adjacent non-tumor lung tissue samples were collected using Laser capture microdissection (LCM). Whole genomic amplification (WGA) was used to enrich DNA and construct a sequencing library for next generation sequencing (NGS). Changes of larger than 5Mb CNV in this study were analyzed and scored. The nuclear grading and score of tumor cells in the surgery and pleural effusion cytology of lung adenocarcinoma specimens were evaluated separately. For each case, we evaluated (1) nuclear size, (2) mitotic counts, (3) nuclear atypia, (4) atypical mitoses. The data of disease-free survive (DFS) and overall survive (OS) were collected for assessing the prognostic value of WGCNV score. Meanwhile, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and area under curve (AUC) were used to define a cut-off value and evaluate the diagnostic significance in lung adenocarcinoma. Results: The WGCNV scores of twenty adjacent non-tumor lung tissue samples were treated as normal control and all of WGCNV scores of tumor samples range from 0 to 9.95, the median score was 2.7. The WGCNV scores were divided into three groups: low score group <1.74, medium score grade 1.74~4.23, high score grade >4.23. The WGCNV score was positively associated with the nuclear grade scoring (r=0.780 90, P<0.001). The result for evaluation of prognostic value of the WGCNV scores showed that comparing with low WGCNV score group, Hazard Ratio (HR) of medium score group was 4.11 (95%CI=0.72~23.57) and high score group was 2.07 (95%CI=0.30~14.12). These results suggested that the risks of the medium and high WGCNV score group elevated. According to the analysis results of ROC curve, when the cut off value was 0.01, the sensitivity and specificity for lung adenocarcinoma diagnosis were 97.8% and 95.0% respectively, the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 99.0% and 90.1%, respectively, the AUC was 0.981. In the differentiation of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) group and invasive adenocarcinoma group, when the cut off value was 1.8, the sensitivity and specificity between the two groups were 78.1% and 94.4%, and the PPV and NPV were 98.0% and 52.0%, respectively, the AUC was 0.896. Conclusion: This study verifies that WGCNV scoring system has a potential diagnostic and prognostic value in lung adenocarcinoma.

17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 628-634, 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842382

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of pediatric methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection and the antibiotic sensitivity of the isolates. Methods: The clinical data of children with MRSA infection and antibiotic sensitivity of the isolates from 11 children's hospitals in Infectious Diseases Surveillance of Paediatrics (ISPED) group of China between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2018 were collected retrospectively. The children's general condition, high-risk factors, antimicrobial therapy and prognosis, differences in clinical disease and laboratory test results between different age groups, and differences of antibiotic sensitivity between community-acquired (CA)-MRSA and hospital-acquired (HA)-MRSA were analyzed. The t test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for statistical analysis of the quantitative data and Chi-square test were used for comparison of rates. Results: Among the 452 patients, 264 were males and 188 were females, aged from 2 days to 17 years. There were 233 cases (51.5%) in the ≤1 year old group, 79 cases (17.5%) in the>1-3 years old group, 29 cases (6.4%) in the >3-5 years old group, 65 cases (14.4%) in the >5-10 years old group, and 46 cases (10.2%) in the>10 years old group. The main distributions of onset seasons were 55 cases (12.2%) in December, 47 cases (10.4%) in February, 46 cases (10.2%) in November, 45 cases (10.0%) in January, 40 cases (8.8%) in March. There were 335 cases (74.1%) CA-MRSA and 117 (25.9%) cases HA-MRSA. Among all cases, 174 cases (38.5%) had basic diseases or long-term use of hormone and immunosuppressive drugs. During the period of hospitalization, 209 cases (46.2%) received medical interventions. There were 182 patients (40.3%) had used antibiotics (ß-lactams, glycopeptides, macrolides, carbapenems, oxazolones, sulfonamides etc) 3 months before admission. The most common clinical disease was pneumonia (203 cases), followed by skin soft-tissue infection (133 cases), sepsis (92 cases), deep tissue abscess (42 cases), osteomyelitis (40 cases), and septic arthritis (26 cases), suppurative meningitis (10 cases). The proportion of pneumonia in the ≤1 year old group was higher than the >1-3 years old group,>3-5 years old group,>5-10 years old group,>10 years old group (57.5% (134/233) vs. 30.4% (24/79), 31.0% (9/29), 38.5% (25/65), 23.9% (11/46), χ(2)=17.374, 7.293, 7.410, 17.373, all P<0.01) The proportion of skin and soft tissue infections caused by CA-MRSA infection was higher than HA-MRSA (33.4% (112/335) vs. 17.9% (21/117), χ(2)=10.010, P=0.002), and the proportion of pneumonia caused by HA-MRSA infection was higher than CA-MRSA (53.0% (62/117) vs. 42.1% (141/335), χ(2)=4.166, P=0.041). The first white blood cell count of the ≤1 year old group was higher than that children > 1 year old ((15±8)×10(9)/L vs. (13±7)×10(9)/L, t=2.697, P=0.007), while the C-reactive protein of the ≤1 year old group was lower than the 1-3 years old group,>5-10 years old group,>10 years old group (8.00 (0.04-194.00) vs.17.00 (0.50-316.00), 15.20 (0.23-312.00), 21.79(0.13-219.00) mg/L, Z=3.207, 2.044, 2.513, all P<0.05), there were no significant differences in procalcitonin (PCT) between different age groups (all P>0.05). After the treatment, 131 cases were cured, 278 cases were improved, 21 cases were not cured, 12 cases died, and 10 cases were abandoned. The 452 MRSA isolates were all sensitive to vancomycin (100.0%), linezolid (100.0%), 100.0% resistant to penicillin, highly resistant to erythromycin (85.0%, 375/441), clindamycin (67.7%, 294/434), less resistant to sulfonamides (5.9%, 23/391), levofloxacin (4.5%, 19/423), gentamicin (3.2%, 14/438), rifampicin (1.8%, 8/440), minocycline (1.1%, 1/91). The antimicrobial resistance rates were not significantly different between the CA-MRSA and HA-MRSA groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The infection of MRSA is mainly found in infants under 3 years old. The prevalent seasons are winter and spring, and MRSA is mainly acquired in the community. The main clinical diseases are pneumonia, skin soft-tissue infection and sepsis. No MRSA isolate is resistant to vancomycin, linezolid. MRSA isolates are generally sensitive to sulfonamides, levofloxacin, gentamicin, rifampicin, minocycline, and were highly resistant to erythromycin and clindamycin. To achieve better prognosis. clinicians should initiate anti-infective treatment for children with MRSA infection according to the clinical characteristics of patients and drug sensitivity of the isolates timely and effectively.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Meticilina/farmacologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(6): 494-498, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660178

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype distribution characteristics in Xinjiang region. Methods: 6462 cases with chronic HCV infection that were treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2013 to September 2018 were selected, and repeated testers were excluded. A total of 4773 cases with HCV genotypes were efficiently included. PCR-reverse dot hybridization method was used to retrospectively analyze the genotypes distribution. χ (2) test or F-test was used for intergroup comparison. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Five genotypes were detected in 4 773 samples: genotype 1b 2928 cases (61.3%), genotype 2a 1241 cases (26%), and genotype 3a 375 cases (7.9%), genotype 3b 205 cases (4.3%), and genotype 6a 24 cases (0.5%). Patients were 48.14 ± 13.93 years old. Genotype 1b was mainly detected in all age groups. There were 2 965 cases of Han ethnicity and 1808 cases of 19 ethnic minorities, of which 1798 cases (60.6%) and 1130 cases (62.5%) were genotype 1b, and 235 cases (7.9%) and 345 cases (19.1%) were genotype 3, respectively. Among the ethnic minorities, Uyghur were the predominant, and genotype 6a could be detected; however, no other ethnic groups had detected genotype 6a. There were 704 Uyghur of genotype 1b (62.1%), 269 Uyghur of genotype 3 (23.7%), and 235 Hans of genotype 3 (7.9%). There were 2 413 males and 2 360 females, of which 1 418 males (58.8%), and 1 510 females (64%) were of genotype 1b, and 424 males (17.6%), and 156 females (6.6%) were of genotype 3. There was a statistically significant difference between the gender of patients with genotype 1b and non-genotype 1b (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in the detection rate of genotype 2a, 3a, 3b, 6a between Han and ethnic minority patients (P < 0.05). Conclusion: HCV genotypes distribution in Xinjiang region is diverse, and is mainly type 1b. An ethnic minority has higher proportion of HCV genotype 3 than that of Han ethnicity. HCV genotypes detection in Xinjiang region enriches the distribution characteristics of HCV genotypes and provides a basis for individualizing treatment for patients in China.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus , Hepatite C , Adulto , China , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Genótipo , Hepacivirus/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(7): 530-538, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610424

RESUMO

To compare short-term and long-term efficacy after laparoscopic left hepatectomy(LLR) to open left hepatectomy(OLH) for primary left-sided hepatolithiasis. Methods: Clinical data of 187 patients with left-sided hepatolithiasis and underwent laparoscopically or open left-sided hepatectomy from October 2014 to October 2019 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were retrospectively analyzed in this propensity score matching (PSM) study and were matched in terms of age, sex, body mass index, liver function, ASA score, comorbidities, history of biliary surgery, and smoking history on the ratio of 1∶1.There were 47 cases in each group and the mean age were (54.7±12.3)years old(range:34 to 75 years old) and (53.2±12.6) years old (range: 34 to 75 years old) in open and laparoscopically group respectively. The data of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital-stay, complication rate, biliary fistula rate, stone clearance rate, and stone recurrence rate were compared. The quantitative data were compared using t-test or rank-sum test. Count data were analyzed with χ(2) test or Fisher test. Results: No significant difference was observed in the clinical characteristics of included 94 patients in this study(all P>0.05).The length of the postoperative hospital-stay after OLH was significantly higher than that in the LLH group((10.8±3.1) days vs.(8.5±2.2)days, t=4.085, P=0.000). LLR significantly decreased the incidence of postoperative biliary fistula compared with the OLH (6.3% vs.21.2%, χ(2)=4.374, P=0.036) and the rates of postoperative complications in the OLH group was significantly higher than that in the LLH group (48.9% vs.27.6%, χ(2)=4.502, P=0.034). Moreover, the stone recurrence rates in the LLH group was significantly lower than that after OLR (4.2% vs. 17.0%, χ(2)=4.029, P=0.045). OLH (95% CI: 1.55 to 10.75, P=0.004) and postoperative complications (95% CI: 1.29 to 9.52, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for prolonged hospital stay. OLH (95% CI: 1.428 to 44.080, P=0.018) and residual stones (95% CI: 1.580 to 62.379, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of postoperative biliary fistula. Biliary fistula (95% CI: 1.078 to 24.517, P=0.040) was an independent risk factor for the recurrence of stones. Conclusion: Compared with OLH, LLH is safe and effective for the treatment of the primary left-sided hepatolithiasis with the clinical benefits of shorter hospital stay, fewer morbidity and biliary fistula occurrence, and lower stone recurrence rates.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Litíase/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Seguimentos , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA