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1.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480349

RESUMO

This study aims to establish a biological age (BA) predictor and to investigate the roles of lifestyles on biological aging. The 14,848 participants with the available information of multisystem measurements from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were used to estimate BA. We developed a composite BA predictor showing a high correlation with chronological age (CA) (r = 0.82) by using an extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. The average frequency hearing threshold, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ), gender, systolic blood pressure, and homocysteine ranked as the top five important features for the BA predictor. Two aging indexes, recorded as the AgingAccel (the residual from regressing predicted age on CA) and aging rate (the ratio of predicted age to CA), showed positive associations with the risks of all-cause (HR (95% CI) = 1.12 (1.10-1.14) and 1.08 (1.07-1.10), respectively) and cause-specific (HRs ranged from 1.06 to ∼1.15) mortality. Each 1-point increase in healthy lifestyle score (including normal body mass index, never smoking, moderate alcohol drinking, physically active, and sleep 7-9 h/night) was associated with a 0.21-year decrease in the AgingAccel (95% CI: -0.27 to -0.15) and a 0.4% decrease in the aging rate (95% CI: -0.5% to -0.3%). This study developed a machine learning-based BA predictor in a prospective Chinese cohort. Adherence to healthy lifestyles showed associations with delayed biological aging, which highlights potential preventive interventions.

2.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-27, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467835

RESUMO

Early life exposure to famine was associated with adulthood metabolic syndrome and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and NAFLD was also affected by cardiometabolic traits. However, the role of cardiometabolic traits in the associations from famine exposure to NAFLD was largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether the relationship between early life famine exposure and adulthood NAFLD risk was mediated by cardiometabolic traits. Overall, 7,578 subjects aged 56.0 ± 3.7 years in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were included and classified into late-exposed (1952-1954), middle-exposed (1954-1956), early-childhood-exposed (1956-1958), fetal-exposed (1959-1961), and nonexposed (1962-1966, reference) group according to the birth year. NAFLD was diagnosed by experienced physicians via abdominal B-type ultrasound inspection. Mediation analysis was used to evaluate the mediating effects of cardiometabolic traits. Compared with those nonexposed, after multivariable adjustment, participants in fetal-exposed group (OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.08-1.73) had 37% higher risk to develop NAFLD, and the overall childhood-exposed group had marginally significant association with NAFLD (OR: 1.39; 95% CI: 0.99-1.94). Stratification analysis found the famine-NAFLD associations more evident in women and those born in areas severely affected by famine. Mediation analysis showed that cardiometabolic traits such as TC, TyG index, γ-GT, ALP, and ALT mediated 6.7%-22.2% of the relation from famine exposure to higher NAFLD risk. Early life exposure to famine was related to increased adulthood NAFLD risk, and this relationship was partly mediated by cardiometabolic traits.

3.
Atherosclerosis ; 333: 1-8, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It remains unclear whether extreme levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and BUN to creatinine ratio (BUN/Cr) can increase future risk of stroke. We conducted this study to investigate the associations of BUN and BUN/Cr with incident stroke and its subtypes. METHODS: A total of 26,835 and 26,379 participants with a mean follow-up of 7.9 years were included to investigate the associations of BUN and BUN/Cr with incident stroke, respectively. Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for incident stroke and its subtypes. RESULTS: Compared with participants in the third quintile of BUN, the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for participants in the lowest quintile were 1.21 (1.04-1.40), 1.41 (1.18-1.68) and 1.36 (0.97-1.91) for total, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively; while for those in the highest quintile, the corresponding HRs (95% CIs) were 1.16 (1.01-1.32), 1.30 (1.11-1.53), and 1.24 (0.90-1.71). The associations remained robust when restricting the analyses to participants within clinically normal range of BUN. For BUN/Cr, compared with participants in the third quintile, participants in the lowest quintile had significant higher risks of stroke (HRs [95% CIs] were 1.19 [1.04-1.37], 1.26 [1.07-1.48], and 1.22 [0.90-1.67] for total, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke). CONCLUSIONS: Both high and low levels of BUN were associated with higher risks of total and ischemic stroke. Low level of BUN/Cr was associated with excess risks of total and ischemic stroke.

4.
Environ Int ; 157: 106808, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to metals/metalloids from both the natural environment and anthropogenic sources have a complex influence on human health. However, relatively few studies have explored the relations of exposure to multiple metals/metalloids with mortality. Therefore, this prospective study aims to examine the relations of multiple metal/metalloids exposures with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS: A total of 6155 participants within the Dongfeng-Tongji (DF-TJ) cohort were involved in this analysis, which were followed for mortality until December 31, 2018. We applied inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to measure baseline plasma concentrations of 23 metals. We utilized Cox regression models to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause and CVD mortality associated with metal concentrations. We proposed plasma metal score to assess the simultaneous exposure to multiple metals through summing each metal concentration weighted by the regression coefficients with all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During the follow-up (mean duration, 9.8 years), we ascertained 876 deaths, including 416 deaths of CVD (157 deaths of coronary heart disease and 259 deaths of stroke). In the multiple-metals model, after adjusting for potential confounders, plasma copper, molybdenum, and vanadium were positively associated with all-cause mortality, whereas manganese, selenium, and thallium were negatively associated with the risk of all-cause mortality, with adjusted HRs (95% Confidence Interval, CI) of the fourth quartiles were 1.73 (1.42-2.11, P-trend < 0.001) for copper, 1.33 (1.09-1.63, P-trend = 0.005) for molybdenum, 1.43 (1.16-1.77, P-trend < 0.001) for vanadium, 0.74 (0.58-0.94, P-trend = 0.005) for manganese, 0.68 (0.56-0.83, P-trend < 0.001) for selenium, and 0.74 (0.59-0.92, P-trend = 0.002) for thallium, respectively. Positive associations were observed between plasma copper, molybdenum, vanadium concentrations and CVD mortality, whereas negative associations were found for plasma selenium and thallium concentrations with CVD mortality in the multiple-metals model. Compared with the first quartiles, the HRs of fourth quartiles were 1.94 (1.45-2.58, P-trend < 0.001) for copper, 1.72 (1.26-2.35, P-trend < 0.001) for molybdenum, 1.81 (1.32-2.47, P-trend < 0.001) for vanadium, 0.67 (0.50-0.89, P-trend = 0.003) for selenium, and 0.58 (0.41-0.81, P-trend < 0.001) for thallium, respectively. The plasma metal score was significantly associated with higher risks of all-cause and CVD death in dose-response fashions. When compared with the first quartiles of plasma metal score, the HRs of fourth quartiles were 2.16 (1.76-2.64; P-trend < 0.001) for all-cause mortality and 3.00 (2.24-4.02; P-trend < 0.001) for CVD mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that several plasma metals/metalloids were key determinants and predictors of all-cause and CVD death in the Chinese population. Our findings highlighted the importance to comprehensively assess and monitor multiple metals/metalloids exposures.

5.
J Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coagulation cascade contributes to thrombotic and hemorrhagic diseases, but it remains unclear whether coagulation factors X (FX) and XI (FXI) levels are associated with cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospective associations of FX and FXI levels with incident acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke, and their subtypes (acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke). METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study (n = 1846) within the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort from 2013 to 2016 matched on age (within 1 year), sex, and sampling date (within 1 month) by incidence density sampling, and measured plasma FX and FXI levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. FX and FXI levels were categorized into three groups (low, <25th; middle, 25th to <75th; and high ≥75th percentiles) according to distributions, and conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, compared with middle groups, the OR (95% CI) in high levels of FX and FXI were 1.11 (0.79-1.56) and 0.96 (0.68-1.36) for incident ACS, and 1.01 (0.63-1.62) and 1.72 (1.14-2.60) for incident stroke, respectively. As for subtypes of ACS and stroke, only high FXI levels were significantly associated with incident ischemic stroke (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.05-2.65). Moreover, all associations remained steady after additional adjustment for platelet and leukocyte. CONCLUSION: FXI levels were associated with a greater risk of incident ischemic stroke but not hemorrhagic stroke or ACS. FX levels were not associated with incident ACS or stroke.

6.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305075

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations of baseline and longitudinal changes in leukocyte counts with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to investigate the associations of baseline and 5-year changes in leukocyte counts with incident CVD and its subtypes in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. We estimated the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVD using the Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS: In the analyses of baseline total leukocyte count of 26,655 participants, compared with the lowest quartile (<4.71×109/L), participants in the fourth quartile (>6.70×109/L) had 11% higher risk for CVD. Consistent with total leukocyte count, neutrophil count also exhibited a significant positive association with the risk of CVD. In the analyses of 5-year changes in total leukocyte count of 11,594 participants, the changes in leukocyte count were categorized into three groups, i.e., the decreased group (<25%), stable group (25%-75%), and increased group (>75%). Compared with participants in the stable group (-1.18 to 0.44×109/L), participants in the increased group (>0.44×109/L) had 14% higher risk for CVD. We also observed significant positive associations of the changes in neutrophil and monocyte counts with the risk of CVD. Furthermore, the total leukocyte count in the second or third tertile at the first follow-up with a 5-year increase was related to higher CVD risk. CONCLUSION: High baseline total leukocyte count and a 5-year increase in total leukocyte count were related to higher CVD risk.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 288: 117777, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265559

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure is associated with heart rate variability (HRV) reduction, a widely used marker of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction. The role of DNA methylation in the relationship between PAHs exposure and decreased HRV is largely unknown. This study aims to explore epigenome-wide DNA methylation changes associated with PAHs exposure and further evaluate their associations with HRV alternations among non-current smokers. We measured 10 mono-hydroxylated PAHs (OH-PAHs) in urine and DNA methylation levels in blood leukocytes among participants from three panels of Chinese non-current smokers (152 in WHZH, 99 in SY, and 53 in COW). We conducted linear regression analyses between DNA methylation and OH-PAHs metabolites with adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, drinking, blood cell counts, and surrogate variables in each panel separately, and combined the results by using inverse-variance weighted fixed-effect meta-analysis to obtain estimates of effect size. The median value of total OH-PAHs ranged from 0.92 × 10-2 in SY panel (62.6% men) to 13.82 × 10-2 µmol/mmol creatinine in COW panel (43.4% men). The results showed that methylation levels of cg18223625 (COL20A1) and cg07805771 (SLC16A1) were significantly or marginally significantly associated with urinary 2-hydroxynaphthalene [ß(SE) = 0.431(0.074) and 0.354(0.068), FDR = 0.016 and 0.056, respectively], while methylation level of cg09235308 (PLEC1) was positively associated with urinary total OH-PAHs [ß(SE) = 0.478(0.079), FDR = 0.004]. Hypermethylations of cg18223625, cg07805771, and cg09235308 were inversely associated with HRV indices among the WHZH and COW non-current smokers. However, we did not observe significant epigenome-wide associations for the other 9 urinary OH-PAHs. These findings provide new evidence that PAHs exposure is linked to differential DNA methylation, which may help better understand the influences of PAHs exposure on HRV alternations.

8.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 1118-1128, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating white blood cell (WBC) counts have been related to lung function impairment, but causal relationship was not established. We aimed to evaluate independent effects and causal relationships of WBC subtypes with lung function. METHODS: The 19,159 participants from NHANES 2011-2012 (n = 3570), coke-oven workers (COW, n = 1762) and Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ, n = 13,827) cohorts were included in the observational studies. The associations between circulating counts of WBC subtypes and prebronchodilator lung function were evaluated by linear regression models and LASSO regression was used to select effective WBC subtypes. Summary statistics for WBC-associated SNPs were extracted from literature, and Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis with inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method was applied to estimate the causal effects of total WBC and subtypes on lung function among 4012 subjects from COW (n = 1126) and DFTJ cohorts (n = 2886). RESULTS: Total WBC counts were negatively associated with lung function among three populations and their pooled analysis indicated that per 1 × 109 cells/L increase in total WBC was associated with 36.13 (95% CI: 30.35, 41.91) mL and 25.23 (95% CI: 19.97, 30.50) mL decrease in FVC and FEV1, respectively. Independent associations with lung function were found for neutrophils, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils (all p < .05), except lymphocytes. Besides, IVW MR analysis showed that genetically predicted total WBC and neutrophil counts were associated with reduced FVC (p = .017 and .021, respectively) and FEV1 (p = .048 and .043, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: WBC subtypes were independently associated with lower lung function except lymphocytes. Our findings suggest that circulating neutrophils may be causal factors in lung function impairment.KEY MESSAGESWhite blood cell (WBC) subtypes were negatively associated with lung function level except lymphocytes in the observational studies.Associations of WBC subtypes with lung function may be modified by sex and smoking.Mendelian randomization analysis shows that neutrophils may be causal factors in lung function impairment.

9.
Chemosphere ; 285: 131497, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273700

RESUMO

Metal exposures are ubiquitous around the world, while it is lack of prospective studies to evaluate the associations of exposure to multiple metal/metalloids with incident dyslipidemia. A total of 2947 participants without dyslipidemia at baseline were included in the analyses. We utilized inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to measure the baseline plasma metal concentrations. Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate the relations between plasma metals and risk of incident dyslipidemia, and principal component analysis was performed to extract principal components of metals. During 5.01 ± 0.31 years of follow-up, 521 subjects were diagnosed with incident dyslipidemia. After multivariable adjustment, the odds ratios (ORs) of dyslipidemia comparing the highest quartiles to the lowest were 1.58 (95% CI: 1.20, 2.08; Ptrend = 0.001) for aluminum, 1.34 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.75; Ptrend = 0.03) for arsenic, 1.44 (1.09, 1.91; Ptrend = 0.03) for strontium, and 1.47 (95% CI: 1.09, 2.00; Ptrend = 0.005) for vanadium. The four metals also showed significant associations with the subtypes of dyslipidemia, including low HDL-C and high LDL-C. The first principal component, which mainly represented aluminum, arsenic, barium, lead, vanadium, and zinc, was associated with increased risk of incident dyslipidemia, and the adjusted OR was 1.40 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.84; Ptrend = 0.02) comparing extreme quartiles. The study indicated that elevated plasma aluminum, arsenic, strontium, and vanadium concentrations were associated with a higher incidence of dyslipidemia. These findings highlight the importance of controlling metal exposures for dyslipidemia prevention.

10.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 235: 113776, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34062450

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the association of occupational noise exposure with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk in Chinese adults. We included 21,412 participants from the Dongfeng-tongji Cohort Study, occupational noise exposure was evaluated through workplace noise level and/or the job titles, hearing loss was defined as a pure-tone mean of 25 dB or higher at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz in any ear. Compared with participants without occupational noise exposure, the 10-year ASCVD risk was significantly higher for noise exposure duration ≥20 years (OR = 1.20, 95%CI = 1.05-1.32) after adjusting for potential confounders. In the subgroup analysis, the association was only statistically significant in males (OR = 1.86, 95%CI = 1.12-3.14) and participants aged equal to or over 60 years old (OR = 1.20, 95%CI = 1.05-1.33), but not in females (OR = 1.15, 95%CI = 0.71-1.92) and aged below 60 (OR = 1.51, 95%CI = 0.75-2.85). In the subsample analyses (N = 10,165), bilateral hearing loss was associated with a higher risk of 10-year ASCVD (OR = 1.72, 95%CI = 1.30-2.30), especially for participants who were males (OR = 2.40, 95%CI = 1.61-3.42) and aged equal to or over 60 (OR = 1.85, 95%CI = 1.40-2.44). The present study suggests that occupational noise exposure may be a potential risk factor for ASCVD, especially for males and older participants.

11.
Environ Int ; 155: 106692, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Associations between most single metals and children's intelligence quotient (IQ) scores have been evaluated in previous studies. However, associations between multi-metal exposures and children's IQ scores have not been analyzed. OBJECTIVES: To assess the joint effects of lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), antimony (Sb), tin (Sn) and titanium (Ti) co-exposure on children's IQ scores. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in Shimen and Huayuan, Hunan Province, China. Urine metals levels were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) at baseline. Children's IQ scores were repeatedly measured at baseline and follow-up following the method of Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and standardized as z scores. We fitted linear regression models and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) models to investigate the associations of metal levels with children's IQ scores after adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: A total of 633 participants aged 7-10 years completed the survey. Urinary Pb (ß = -0.028, P = 0.022) and urinary Ti (ß = -0.0003, P = 0.001) were inversely associated with children's IQ scores. The BKMR analyses revealed significant negative overall effects of the five metals on children's IQ scores when all the metals were above their median levels, while significant positive associations were shown when all the metal concentrations were below their median levels. The model also showed negative trends of Sn and Ti on children's IQ. Furthermore, Ti and Sn had a synergistic relationship, with a decline in IQ score when Sn exposure was relatively high. The urinary Sn concentration was significantly higher but the urinary Ti concentration was significantly lower in participants from the Shimen area than in those from the Huayuan area. Decreasing trends of the overall effects were observed in both the Shimen and Huayuan areas. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that multi-metal exposures caused a decline in children's IQ scores according to traditional linear regression models and the BKMR model. Our results provide some evidence of the association between multi-metal exposure and children's IQ. Meanwhile, interactions between multi-metal exposures on children's IQ should be given more attention.


Assuntos
Inteligência , Metais , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Humanos , Testes de Inteligência , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 12532, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131164

RESUMO

Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) emerged as a biomarker of chronic inflammation and an independent prognostic factor for many cancers. We aimed to investigate the associations of SII level with total and cause-specific mortality risks in the general populations, and the potential modification effects of lifestyle-related factors on the above associations. In this study, we included 30,521 subjects from the Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ) cohort and 25,761 subjects from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2014. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the associations of SII with mortality from all-cause, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cancer and other causes. In the DFTJ cohort, compared to subjects in the low SII subgroup, those within the middle and high SII subgroups had increased risks of total mortality [hazard ratio, HR (95% confidence interval, CI) = 1.12 (1.03-1.22) and 1.26 (1.16-1.36), respectively) and CVD mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.36 (1.19-1.55) and 1.50 (1.32-1.71), respectively]; those within the high SII subgroup had a higher risk of other causes mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.28 (1.09-1.49)]. In the NHANES 1999-2014, subjects in the high SII subgroup had higher risks of total, CVD, cancer and other causes mortality [HR (95%CI) = 1.38 (1.27-1.49), 1.33 (1.11-1.59), 1.22 (1.04-1.45) and 1.47 (1.32-1.63), respectively]. For subjects with a high level of SII, physical activity could attenuate a separate 30% and 32% risk of total and CVD mortality in the DFTJ cohort, and a separate 41% and 59% risk of total and CVD mortality in the NHANES 1999-2014. Our study suggested high SII level may increase total and CVD mortality in the general populations and physical activity exerted a beneficial effect on the above associations.

13.
Cancer Med ; 10(11): 3770-3781, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33939316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) has been reported to be inversely associated with incident risk of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of DNA methylation in the relationship between BMI and NSCLC. METHODS: We carried out a genome-wide DNA methylation study of BMI in peripheral blood among 2266 Chinese participants by using Illumina Methylation arrays. For the BMI-related DNA methylation changes, their associations with NSCLC risk were further analyzed and their mediation effects on BMI-NSCLC association were also evaluated. RESULTS: The methylation levels of four CpGs (cg12593793, cg17061862, cg11024682, and cg06500161, annotated to LMNA, ZNF143, SREBF1, and ABCG1, respectively) were found to be significantly associated with BMI. Methylation levels of cg12593793, cg11024682, and cg06500161 were observed to be inversely associated with NSCLC risk [OR (95%CI) =0.22 (0.16, 0.31), 0.39 (0.30, 0.50), and 0.66 (0.53, 0.82), respectively]. Additionally, cg11024682 in SREBF1 and cg06500161 in ABCG1 mediated 45.3% and 19.5% of the association between BMI and decreased NSCLC risk, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we identified four DNA methylation sites associated with BMI in the Chinese populations at the genome-wide significant level. We also found that the BMI-related methylations of SREBF1 and ABCG1 could mediate about a quintile-to-half of the effect of BMI on reduced NSCLC risk, which adds a potential mechanism underlying this association.

14.
Chronobiol Int ; 38(8): 1186-1194, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910438

RESUMO

To evaluate the association of shift work with 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among Chinese workers. We included 23,064 workers in the first follow-up of the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study. Questionnaires and physical examinations were conducted to collect data for all participants. Framingham Risk Score was calculated according to the multivariable risk algorithms, and used to evaluate 10-year CVD risk. Logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between shift work and 10-year CVD risk. Among 23,064 individuals, 51.92% of workers suffered shift work, and the proportions of shift work duration of 1-<10, 10-<20, and ≥20 years were 17.29%, 17.35% and 17.30%, respectively. Compared with individuals without a shift work history, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of 10-year CVD were 1.027 (0.900-1.173), 1.058 (0.927-1.206) and 1.191 (1.036-1.368) for individuals with shift work duration of 1-<10 years, 10-<20 years, and ≥20 years, respectively, after adjusting for potential confounders. And the association was more obvious in males. When shift work and obesity were combined, the OR (95%CI) of high 10-year CVD risk (3.373, 2.390-4.761) was significantly increased for obese individuals with shift work of ≥20 years. Besides, the OR (95%CI) for higher 10-year CVD risk associated with shift work decreased as the leaving shift work duration prolonged. Shift work is associated with a higher 10-year CVD risk, especially among males. Obesity has a synergistic effect on such association while leaving shift work reduces such association.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/efeitos adversos
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125839, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887567

RESUMO

Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is a typical carcinogen associated with increased lung cancer risk, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate epigenome-wide DNA methylation associated with B[a]P exposure and their mediation effects on B[a]P-lung cancer association in two lung cancer case-control studies of 462 subjects. Their plasma levels of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide-albumin (BPDE-Alb) adducts and genome-wide DNA methylations were separately detected in peripheral blood by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and genome-wide methylation arrays. The epigenome-wide meta-analysis was performed to analyze the associations between BPDE-Alb adducts and DNA methylations. Mediation analysis was applied to assess effect of DNA methylation on the B[a]P-lung cancer association. We identified 15 CpGs associated with BPDE-Alb adducts (P-meta < 1.0 × 10-5), among which the methylation levels at five loci (cg06245338, cg24256211, cg15107887, cg02211741, and cg04354393 annotated to UBE2O, SAMD4A, ACBD6, DGKZ, and SLFN13, respectively) mediated a separate 38.5%, 29.2%, 41.5%, 47.7%, 56.5%, and a joint 58.2% of the association between BPDE-Alb adducts and lung cancer risk. Compared to the traditional factors [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.788], addition of these CpGs exerted improved discriminations for lung cancer, with AUC ranging 0.828-0.861. Our results highlight DNA methylation alterations as potential mediators in lung tumorigenesis induced by B[a]P exposure.


Assuntos
Benzo(a)pireno , Neoplasias Pulmonares , 7,8-Di-Hidro-7,8-Di-Hidroxibenzo(a)pireno 9,10-óxido , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Benzo(a)pireno/toxicidade , Adutos de DNA , Metilação de DNA , Epigenoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina
16.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 5568159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854404

RESUMO

Aims: To investigate the effect of GLP-1/GLP-1R on the polarization of macrophages in the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Methods: Totally, 49 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and 52 cases of health control (HC) were recruited, all subjects accept coronary angiography gold standard inspection. One or more major coronary arteries (LM, LAD, LCx, and RCA) stenosis degree in 50% of patients as CHD group; the rest of the stenosis less than 50% or not seen obvious stenosis are assigned to the HC group. Flow cytometry were used to detect the percentage of (CD14+) M macrophages, (CD14+CD80+) M1 macrophages, (CD14+CD206+) M2 macrophages, and their surface GLP-1R expression differences in the two groups, using BD cytokine kit to detect the levels of IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, and IL-12p70. Results: GLP-1R expression on the surface of total macrophages and M2 macrophages was different between the CHD group and the HC group (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the percentage of total, M1 or M2 macrophages (P > 0.05). Concentration of IL-8 in the HC group was higher than that in the CHD group (P < 0.05). There is no significant difference in the cytokine IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, and IL-12p70 in the two groups (P > 0.05). After controlling for potential confounders including age, gender, smoking status (S.S.), drinking status (D.S.), HR, SBP, DBP, PP, TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, GHbA1c, M, M1, M2, GLP-1R_M, GLP-1R_M1, GLP-1R_M2, IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, and IL-12p70 by multiple linear regression, decreasing Gensini Score was significantly associated with increased percentage of M1 macrophage. Conclusion: GLP-1R agonist is independent of the hypoglycemic effect of T2DM and has protective effect on cardiovascular system. GLP-1R may regulate the polarization of macrophages toward M2, thus playing a protective role in the progression of coronary atherosclerosis.

17.
Am J Epidemiol ; 190(9): 1821-1829, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728442

RESUMO

Present shift work has been associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) among employed workers, but it remains unclear whether shift work performed in the past is still associated with CHD in retired workers. We recruited 21,802 retired workers in Shiyan, China, in 2008-2010 and 2013 and followed them for CHD events occurring up to December 31, 2018. Retired workers with longer durations of past shift work (rounded to 0.25 years) had higher CHD risks (for those with ≤5.00, 5.25-10.00, 10.50-20.00, and >20.00 years of past shift work, hazard ratios were 1.05 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.94, 1.16), 1.08 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.25), 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.42), and 1.28 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.51), respectively). The association was substantially higher among service or sales workers than among manufacturing or manual-labor workers (for every 5-year increase in past shift work, hazard ratio = 1.11 (95% CI: 1.05, 1.16) vs. hazard ratio = 1.02 (95% CI: 0.98, 1.06)). Moreover, the risk was lower among those who were physically active than among their inactive counterparts (P for interaction = 0.019). Longer duration of past shift work was associated with higher risk of incident CHD among these retired workers, especially those from the service or sales sectors. Physical exercise might be beneficial in reducing the excess risk.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(6): e018999, 2021 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719498

RESUMO

Background Mounting evidence suggests that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are critical indicators of cardiovascular disease. However, prospective studies linking circulating miRNAs to incident acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are limited, and the underlying effect of associated miRNA on incident ACS remains unknown. Methods and Results Based on a 2-stage prospective nested case-control design within the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, we profiled plasma miRNAs from 23 pairs of incident ACS cases and controls by microarray and validated the candidate miRNAs in 572 incident ACS case-control pairs using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. We observed that plasma miR-4286 was associated with higher risk of ACS (adjusted odds ratio according to an interquartile range increase, 1.26 [95% CI, 1.07-1.48]). Further association analysis revealed that triglyceride was positively associated with plasma miR-4286, and an interquartile range increase in triglyceride was associated with an 11.04% (95% CI, 3.77%-18.83%) increase in plasma miR-4286. In addition, the Mendelian randomization analysis suggested a potential causal effect of triglyceride on plasma miR-4286 (ß coefficients: 0.27 [95% CI, 0.01-0.53] and 0.27 [95% CI, 0.07-0.47] separately by inverse variance-weighted and Mendelian randomization-pleiotropy residual sum and outlier tests). Moreover, the causal mediation analysis indicated that plasma miR-4286 explained 5.5% (95% CI, 0.7%-17.0%) of the association of triglyceride with incident ACS. Conclusions Higher level of plasma miR-4286 was associated with an increased risk of ACS. The upregulated miR-4286 in plasma can be attributed to higher triglyceride level and may mediate the effect of triglyceride on incident ACS.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 781: 146618, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780836

RESUMO

Existing estimations of air pollution from automobile sources are based on either experiments or small-scale governmental interventions. China's nationwide traffic control during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak provided us a unique opportunity to assess the direct dose-effect relationship between vehicle density and air pollution. We found that, during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, the nationwide reduced air pollution (except for O3) could be largely explained by traffic control measures. During the traffic control period, every doubling of vehicle density was associated with a decrease of 4.2 (2.0, 6.4) µg/m3 in PM2.5, 5.5 (2.9, 8.1) µg/m3 in PM10, 1.5 (0.9, 2.0) µg/m3 in NO2, and 0.04 (0.02, 0.07) mg/m3 in CO comparing cities with different vehicle densities. Similarly, for every 10% increase in the truck proportion, PM2.5 decreased by 12.3 (4.1, 20.6) µg/m3, PM10 decreased by 14.3 (4.6, 23.9) µg/m3, and CO decreased by 0.14 (0.05, 0.23) mg/m3. Moreover, the associations between vehicle density and reduction in PM2.5, PM10, and CO during the traffic control period were stronger and showed near-complete linearity in cities with low green coverage rate (All P < 0.05 for interaction). According to our estimation, PM2.5 emissions from every doubling of vehicle density can lead to over 8000 excess deaths per year, 66% of which were caused by cardiopulmonary diseases. This natural experiment study is the first to observe the dose-effect relationship between on-road traffic and traffic-generated air pollution, as well as the mitigating effect of urban greening. Findings provide key evidence to the assessment and control of traffic-generated air pollution and its public health impact.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , COVID-19 , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Cidades , Surtos de Doenças , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , SARS-CoV-2
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 414: 125519, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676251

RESUMO

Mosaic loss of chromosome Y (mLOY) is an indicator of genome instability, but the environmental stressors of mLOY remained largely unknown. In this study, we detected the internal exposure levels of 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolites and 22 metals among 888 coke-oven workers, and calculated their blood mLOY based on genome-wide SNP genotyping data and presented as median log R ratio (mLRR-Y). The generalized linear model (GLM), LASSO, and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR), were used to select mLOY-relevant chemicals. The results of these models consistently suggested the negative dose-response relationships of urinary 1-hydroxynaphthalene (1-OHNa), antimony (Sb), and molybdenum (Mo) with mLRR-Y. There were no pairwise interactions between these three chemicals (Pinteraction > 0.05), but subjects with high exposure to ≥ 2 kinds of these chemicals showed reducing mLRR-Y [ß(95%CI) = - 0.015(- 0.023, - 0.008)], increasing oxidative DNA damage (marked by 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine) [ß(95%CI) = 0.625(0.454, 0.796)] and chromosome damage (marked by micronucleus frequency in lymphocytes) [frequency ratio (FR) and 95%CI = 1.146(1.047, 1.225)] than those with low exposure to all these chemicals. The combined effects of 1-OHNa, Sb, and Mo on elevating DNA damage may partly explain their joint effects on increased blood mLOY. These results provided a new insight into environmental hazards co-exposure on chromosome-Y deletions.


Assuntos
Coque , Exposição Ocupacional , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Teorema de Bayes , Cromossomos Humanos Y , Humanos , Masculino , Mosaicismo , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade
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