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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702891

RESUMO

The development of artificial synapses has enabled the establishment of brain-inspired computing systems, which provides a promising approach for overcoming the inherent limitations of current computer systems. The two-terminal memristors that faithfully mimic the function of biological synapses have intensive prospects in the neural network field. Here, we propose a high-performance artificial synapse based on oxide tunnel junctions with oxygen vacancy migration. Both short-term and long-term plasticities are mimicked in one device. The oxygen vacancy migration through oxide ultrathin films is utilized to manipulate long-term plasticity. Essential synaptic functions, such as paired pulse facilitation, post-tetanic potentiation, as well as spike-timing-dependent plasticity, are successfully implemented in one device by finely modifying the shape of the pre- and postsynaptic spikes. Ultralow femtojoule energy consumption comparable to that of the human brain indicates its potential application in efficient neuromorphic computing. Oxide tunnel junctions proposed in this work provide an alternative approach for realizing energy-efficient brain-like chips.

2.
ACS Sens ; 4(10): 2763-2770, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564092

RESUMO

In this study, from experiments and theoretical calculation, we reported that Ti3C2 MXene can be applied as sensors for NH3 detection at room temperature with high selectivity. Ti3C2 MXene, a novel two-dimensional carbide, was prepared by etching off Al atoms from Ti3AlC2. The as-prepared multilayer Ti3C2 MXene powders were delaminated to a single layer by intercalation and ultrasonic dispersion. The colloidal suspension of single-layer Ti3C2-MXene was coated on the surface of ceramic tubes to construct sensors for gas detection. Thereafter, the sensors were used to detect various gases (CH4, H2S, H2O, NH3, NO, ethanol, methanol, and acetone) with a concentration of 500 ppm at room temperature. Ti3C2 MXene-based sensors have high selectivity to NH3 compared with other gases. The response to NH3 was 6.13%, which was four times the second highest response (1.5% to ethanol gas). To understand the high selectivity, first-principles calculations were conducted to explore adsorption behaviors. From adsorption energy, adsorbed geometry, and charge transfer, it was confirmed that Ti3C2 MXene theoretically has a high selectivity to NH3, compared with other gases in this experiment. Moreover, the response of the sensor to NH3 increased almost linearly with NH3 concentration from 10 to 700 ppm. The humidity tests and cycle tests of NH3 showed that the Ti3C2 MXene-based gas sensor has excellent performances for NH3 detection at room temperature.

3.
iScience ; 20: 137-147, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569048

RESUMO

We developed a universal method termed OnCELISA to detect cytokine secretion from individual cells by applying a capture technology on the cell membrane. OnCELISA uses fluorescent magnetic nanoparticles as assay reporters that enable detection on a single-cell level in microscopy and flow cytometry and fluorimetry in cell ensembles. This system is flexible and can be modified to detect different cytokines from a broad range of cytokine-secreting cells. Using OnCELISA we have been able to select and sort highly cytokine-secreting cells and identify cytokine-secreting expression profiles of different cell populations in vitro and ex vivo. We show that this system can be used for ultrasensitive monitoring of cytokines in the complex biological environment of atherosclerosis that contains multiple cell types. The ability to identify and select cell populations based on their cytokine expression characteristics is valuable in a host of applications that require the monitoring of disease progression.

4.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 82(15): 870-878, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524104

RESUMO

Fenvalerate (FEN), a pyrethroid insecticide used worldwide, has been shown to produce a potentially adverse effect on male reproduction. However the mechanisms are not completely understood. Thus this study aimed to (1) determine whether cellular apoptosis was involved in FEN-induced testicular damage in rats, and (2) identify the potential mechanism involved in FEN-induced apoptosis in testes. Data demonstrated that FEN markedly decreased serum testosterone levels, increased the inner diameter of seminiferous tubules, decreased the layers of spermatogenic cells, disturbed spermatogenesis and increased the number of apoptotic cells. Further, bioinformatic analysis of gene microarray in rat testis tissue showed that FEN significantly altered the expressions of genes (Krt8, Mal, Cd24, Lcn2, Phlda1, Arg2) related to apoptotic related processes. The expression pattern of these 6 genes was upregulated in FEN-treated rat testicular tissue. qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that Phlda1, a well-documented pro-apoptotic factor, was significantly elevated by FEN. The expression of PHLDA1 testicular protein was also elevated following FEN exposure. In conclusion, our results suggest that FEN exposure induced deleterious effects on rat testes associated with Phlda1-mediated apoptosis which may act as a molecular mechanism underlying FEN induced rat testicular damage.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(38): 5848-5860, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508651

RESUMO

Reducing surgical incision for large area subcutaneous defect filling and repair is a great challenge in the biomedical field, especially for plastic surgery. In this study, a novel hydroxyethyl cellulose/soy protein isolate (HEC/SPI) composite sponge (EHSS) with a fluid responsive shape memory property was constructed, whose thickness could be controlled by hot-pressing conditions to reduce the required surgical incision greatly. Effects of the main factors such as pressure, temperature and hot-pressing cycles on the recovery degree of EHSS were investigated systematically. The structure and physical properties of the sponges were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, XRD, SEM etc. The results showed that EHSS could be pressed into thin disks with much smaller thickness, and the thickness retention ratio and recovery ratio were affected by hot-pressing conditions such as pressure and temperature. Especially, EHSS could be hot-pressed into a dense thin disk (EHSS-PT-130) at 130 °C with the pressure of 30 MPa, which could quickly recover its original shape by soaking in hydrophilic fluids. EHSS-PT-130 also exhibited good hydrophilicity, cytocompatibility, histocompatibility and in vivo biodegradability. Compared with the original EHSS, in vivo shape memory EHSS-PT-130 required much smaller surgical incision to reach the same repair effect and no need of extra sterilization, showing potential application for subcutaneous defect filling and repair.

6.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(5): 290-295, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506232

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Through the study of economic, traffic and population data related to road traffic accidents from 2004 to 2016, this paper analyzed the impact of various factors on road traffic casualties in China, and provided theoretical basis and suggestions for the road traffic safety management in China. METHODS: Based on three aspects (economy, road, population) with five factors (gross domestic product (GDP), traffic investment, new vehicle ownership, new road mileage and newly increased population), this paper collected the relevant data of road traffic accidents in 31 provinces and cities in China, from 2004 to 2016. A panel model was established to carry out empirical analysis. RESULTS: All factors have a significant impact on the number of road traffic accident casualties. When other factors remain unchanged, the number of road traffic casualties decreased by an average of 0.19 for every 100 million CNY increased in GDP. For every 100 million CNY increased in traffic investment, the number of road traffic casualties is reduced by an average of 13.93, indicating that economic development can improve road traffic safety to a certain extent. On the contrary, the growth in road mileage, new motor vehicles and population has increased the number of road traffic casualties. For every 10, 000 km of new road mileage, the number of traffic accident casualties has increased by 284.04. For every 10,000 newborns, the number of road traffic casualties increased by 7.33; as the number of new motor vehicles increases by 10,000, the number of road traffic casualties increased by an average of 21.77. CONCLUSION: The increase of GDP and traffic investment can significantly reduce the number of road traffic casualties in China, which shows that economic development is essential to improve road traffic safety. The numbers of new road mileage, newly increased population and the new motor vehicles are positively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties in traffic accidents, which reflects the existing problems in road design, distribution of road resources, and traffic management in China. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the economic and road related aspects to improve road traffic safety.

7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499107

RESUMO

ß-conglycinin is one of the most allergenic proteins, and its constituent subunits α', α, and ß are all potential allergens to humans. In the present study, we concentrated on the destructed antigenic sites of ß subunit of ß-conglycinin after high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment. In this paper, the overlapping gene fragments of the ß subunit of ß-conglycinin were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cloned into T7 phage vectors. After being packaged in vitro, the recombinant T7 phage was constructed, and the overlapping fragments of the ß subunit were displayed on the phage surface. The recombinant phages that expressed the overlapping fragments of the ß subunit were used to react with specific antiserum by indirect ELISA to identify the HHP destructed antigenic sites. After three rounds of expression and identification, we used synthetic peptide technology to identify that the obtained fragment was a conformational epitope. We further confirmed that HHP treatment changed the conformational structure of ß-conglycinin, which reduced the antigenicity of the protein.

8.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 205, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cross-resistance, a phenomenon that a pathogen resists to one antimicrobial compound also resists to one or several other compounds, is one of major threats to human health and sustainable food production. It usually occurs among antimicrobial compounds sharing the mode of action. In this study, we determined the sensitivity profiles of Alternaria alternata, a fungal pathogen which can cause diseases in many crops to two fungicides (mancozeb and difenoconazole) with different mode of action using a large number of isolates (234) collected from seven potato fields across China. RESULTS: We found that pathogens could also develop cross resistance to fungicides with different modes of action as indicated by a strong positive correlation between mancozeb and difenoconazole tolerances to A. alternata. We also found a positive association between mancozeb tolerance and aggressiveness of A. alternata, suggesting no fitness penalty of developing mancozeb resistance in the pathogen and hypothesize that mechanisms such as antimicrobial compound efflux and detoxification that limit intercellular accumulation of natural/synthetic chemicals in pathogens might account for the cross-resistance and the positive association between pathogen aggressiveness and mancozeb tolerance. CONCLUSIONS: The detection of cross-resistance among different classes of fungicides suggests that the mode of action alone may not be an adequate sole criterion to determine what components to use in the mixture and/or rotation of fungicides in agricultural and medical sects. Similarly, the observation of a positive association between the pathogen's aggressiveness and tolerance to mancozeb suggests that intensive application of site non-specific fungicides might simultaneously lead to reduced fungicide resistance and enhanced ability to cause diseases in pathogen populations, thereby posing a greater threat to agricultural production and human health. In this case, the use of evolutionary principles in closely monitoring populations and the use of appropriate fungicide applications are important for effective use of the fungicides and durable infectious disease management.

9.
Andrologia ; 51(9): e13357, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264256

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of haematologic parameters for testicular survival in torsion. Children with testicular torsion (TT) treated in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2006 to December 2018 were enrolled in this study. Patient data collected in this study included age, symptom duration, preoperative preparation time, cryptorchidism testicular torsion or not, spermatic cord torsion degree, orchiectomy/orchiopexy, testicular volume 3 months after operation by ultrasound in orchiopexy patients and haematologic parameters. The orchiopexy group comprised of 54 patients with a mean age of 135.6 ± 43.73 months, and the orchiectomy group included 58 patients with a mean age of 119.36 ± 60.82 months. The multivariate analysis showed that symptom duration (Odds Ratio = 1.11, p < 0.001), spermatic cord torsion degree (Odds Ratio = 1.006, p = 0.002) and mean platelet volume (MPV; Odds Ratio = 3.697, p = 0.044) were significant predictors of orchiectomy. The cut-off value for MPV during window time for orchiectomy was 10.55 fl (10-9  L) and provided a sensitivity of 47.8% and a specificity of 92.6%. This study found that symptom duration, spermatic cord torsion degree and MPV could be indicators of testicular viability in testicular torsion. MPV can provide valuable information before operation which can guide doctors and family members of the patients to select the appropriate treatment.

11.
Environ Int ; 130: 104919, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226562

RESUMO

Concentrations of widely used antibiotics were predicted to be the highest in the Haihe River Catchment across China previously, potentially resulting in high ecotoxicological risks in this region. As a result of growing usage and regulation of antibiotic use in animals, the pattern of use may have altered temporally for different antibiotics. It is important to monitor the occurrence of antibiotics within different categories for understanding their mass loading to the catchment and the potential ecotoxicological risks involved. This study investigated the seasonal occurrence and spatial variation of 15 antibiotics in the Haihe River Catchment during 2016-2017. The investigated compounds included veterinary antibiotics, human-use antibiotics, and those intended for both human and animal use. Measurements reported from previous studies were compared with the results of this study and indicated that the use of veterinary antibiotics is probably increasing around the catchment. The ∑antibiotics concentration (i.e. the summed concentration of the 15 target antibiotics) ranged from 414 to 1951 ng/L, with an average of 821 ng/L. Discharges from wastewater treatment plants were the main sources of these compounds. The mass loading of antibiotics to the river waters was higher during wet seasons than during dry seasons. The mass fluxes of the antibiotics continuously increased towards the lower reaches of the rivers. The total annual input of the antibiotics from the Haihe River and Yongdingxin River into the Bohai Bay was 5008 kg/yr. Ofloxacin, trimethoprim, leucomycin, anhydro erythromycin and florfenicol were the predominant antibiotics, whilst amoxicillin, anhydro erythromycin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin and enrofloxacin may pose high ecotoxicological risks to the investigated aquatic ecosystem. Several antibiotics selected in this study were reported for the first time in this catchment. This study provides important information for chemical management and indicates that further monitoring is needed on the more harmful and veterinary antibiotics in the catchment.

12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191547

RESUMO

Urease is an effective target for design of a therapeutic epitope vaccine against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). In our previous studies, an epitope vaccine CTB-UE containing Th and B epitopes from H. pylori urease was constructed, and the CTB-UE vaccine could provide therapeutic effect on H. pylori infection in mice. However, a multivalent vaccine, combining different antigens participating in different aspects of H. pylori colonization and pathogenesis, may be more effective as a therapeutic vaccine than a univalent vaccine targetting urease. Therefore, a multivalent epitope vaccine FVpE, containing Th1-type immune adjuvant NAP, three selected functional fragments from CagA and VacA, and an urease multi-epitope peptide (UE) from CTB-UE, was constructed in this study and expected to obtain better sterilizing immunity than the univalent epitope vaccine CTB-UE. The therapeutic effect of multivalent epitope vaccine FVpE with polysaccharide adjuvant (PA) was evaluated in H. pylori-infected Mongolian gerbil model. The results showed that both FvpE and CTB-UE vaccine could induce similar levels of specific antibodies against H. pylori urease, and had similar inhibition effect on H. pylori urease activity. However, only FVpE could induce high levels of specific antibodies to CagA, VacA, and NAP. In addition, oral therapeutic immunization with FVpE plus PA significantly reduced the number of H. pylori colonies in the stomach of Mongolian gerbils compared with oral immunization with CTB-UE plus PA, or FVpE only, and the FVpE vaccine with PA even exhibited sterilizing immunity. The protection of FVpE was related to the mixed CD4+ T cell responses and epitope-specific antibodies against various H. pylori antigens. These results indicate that a multivalent epitope vaccine targetting various H. pylori antigens could be a promising candidate against H. pylori infection.

13.
iScience ; 16: 368-377, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220760

RESUMO

Oxide-based resistive switching devices, including ferroelectric tunnel junctions and resistance random access memory, are promising candidates for the next-generation non-volatile memory technology. In this work, we propose a ferroionic tunnel junction to realize a giant electroresistance. It functions as a ferroelectric tunnel junction at low resistance state and as a Schottky junction at high resistance state, due to interface engineering through the field-induced migration of oxygen vacancies. An extremely large electroresistance with ON/OFF ratios of 5.1×107 at room temperature and 2.1×109 at 10 K is achieved, using an ultrathin BaTiO3-δ layer as the ferroelectric barrier and a semiconducting Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrate as the bottom electrode. The results point toward an appealing way for the design of high-performance resistive switching devices based on ultrathin oxide heterostructures by ionic controlled interface engineering.

14.
Nanoscale ; 11(23): 11270-11278, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165839

RESUMO

The well-controlled structural motifs of zirconium metal-organic frameworks (Zr-MOFs) and their similarity to enzyme cofactors make them ideally suited for biomimetic catalysis. However, the activation methodologies for these motifs, the structural information about active conformations and the reaction mechanism during these biomimetic reactions, are largely unknown. Herein, we have explored the precise pH-controlled activation processes, active sites, and reaction mechanisms for a series of Zr-MOFs as alkaline phosphatase mimics. Activation of the Zr-MOFs with a broad range and precise changes of pH led to the discovery of the MOF-catalyzed volcano plot with activity versus pH changes. This unique response revealed the existence of the precisely pH-controlled active form of the material, which was confirmed with computational analysis using density functional theory and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy. These results will open a window for state-of-the-art design of efficient MOF enzyme mimics in aqueous solution.

15.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 28(2): 341-346, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A reliable biomarker for optimal selenium (Se) intake in lactating women is not currently available. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Daily dietary Se intake in lactating women was calculated from a 24-hour meal record survey for over 3 days. Se levels in plasma and breast milk were measured through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Plasma selenoprotein P 1 levels and glutathione peroxidase 3 activity were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyze proteinaceous Se species in enzymatically digested breast milk. RESULTS: Dietary Se intakes of lactating women from Liangshan, Beijing, and Enshi were 41.6±21.2 ng/d, 51.1±22.6 ng/d, and 615±178 ng/d, respectively (p<0.05). The Se levels in the blood and breast milk were significantly associated with the dietary Se intake (p<0.05). The proteinaceous Se species in breast milk were SeMet and SeCys2. The levels of SeMet in the lactating women from Liangshan, Beijing, and Enshi were 3.31±2.44 ng Se/mL, 7.34±3.70 ng Se/mL, and 8.99±9.64 ng Se/mL, while that of SeCys2 were 13.7±12.0 ng Se/mL, 35.6±20.9 ng Se/mL, and 57.4±13.2 ng Se/mL, respectively. Notably, the concentration of SeCys2, the metabolite of unstable SeCys, reached a saturation platform, whereas no similar phenomenon were found for the total Se SeMet from Secontaining proteins. CONCLUSIONS: SeCys2 in breast milk is a potential biomarker for determining the optimal Se intake in lactating women.

16.
Orthop Surg ; 11(3): 373-379, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the bi-planar robot navigation system for insertion of cannulated screws in femoral neck fractures. METHOD: Between January 2016 and December 2016, 60 patients with femoral neck fractures were separately treated using percutaneous cannulated screws assisted by the bi-planar robot navigation system (robot group) and conventional freehand surgery (freehand group). The fluoroscopy time, the number of drilling attempts, and the operation time were recorded during operations; the dispersion and parallelism of the cannulated screws on the posteroanterior and lateral images were measured after operations. Patients were followed up for 12-24 months and the Harris scores and the final results of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: During bi-planar robot navigation system-assisted surgery, the fluoroscopy time for acquisition of images was 2.3 seconds on average, and the time for planning screws during the operation was 2.8 min on average. The average fluoroscopy time during the placement of the guide pin was 5.7 seconds and 14.14 seconds (P = 0.00), respectively. The average time of the placement of the cannulated screws was 12.7 min and 19.4 min (P = 0.00), respectively, in the robot group and the freehand group. In the robot group, only one guide pin was replaced during the operation, and the average number of adjustments for each guide pin was 2.39 in the freehand group. The screw parallelism and dispersion measured by postoperative imaging in the robot group were significantly superior to those in the freehand group. From postoperative CT it was evident that there were 5 cases of screws exiting the posterior cortex in both groups. During the follow-up phase, 1 case of femoral head necrosis and 5 cases of femoral neck shortening of more than 10 mm occurred in the robotic navigation group; 3 cases of femoral head necrosis, 1 case of fracture nonunion, and 2 cases of shortening of more than 10 mm occurred in the freehand group. At 18 months after surgery, the average Harris scores of the patients were 85.20 and 83.45, respectively, with no significant difference. CONCLUSION: Using bi-planar robot navigation system-assisted placement of femoral neck cannulated screws can significantly reduce the time of intraoperative fluoroscopy, drilling attempts, and operation time. The placed screws are superior to the screws placed freehand in relation to parallelism and dispersion. However, it is still necessary for surgeons to have a good reduction of the femoral neck fracture before surgery and to be proficient in the operation of the robot navigation system. In summary, the bi-planar robot navigation system is an effective assistant instrument for surgery.

17.
Neurochem Res ; 44(7): 1690-1702, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004260

RESUMO

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a type of chronic neuropathic pain that is caused by peripheral nerve lesions that result from various conditions, including the compression of vessels, tumors and viral infections. MicroRNAs (miRs) are increasingly recognized as potential regulators of neuropathic pain. Previous evidence has demonstrated that miR-195 is involved in neuropathic pain, but the mechanism remains unclear. To investigate the pathophysiological role of miR-195 and Shh signaling in TN, persistent facial pain was induced by infraorbital nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI-IoN), and facial pain responses were evaluated by Von Frey hairs. qPCR and Western blotting were used to determine the relative expression of miR-195 and Patched1, the major receptor of the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway, in the caudal brain stem at distinct time points after CCI-IoN. Here, we found that the expression of miR-195 was increased in a rat model of CCI-IoN. In contrast, the expression of Patched1 decreased significantly. Luciferase assays confirmed the binding of miR-195 to Patched1. In addition, the overexpression of miR-195 by an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v) administration of LV-miR-195 aggravated facial pain development, and this was reversed by upregulating the expression of Patched1. These results suggest that miR-195 is involved in the development of TN by targeting Patched1 in the Shh signaling pathway, thus regulating extracellular glutamate.


Assuntos
Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Receptor Patched-1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Ácido Glutâmico/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Infusões Intraventriculares , Lentivirus/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/administração & dosagem , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Receptor Patched-1/genética , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(2): 190-195, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31016509

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) remains a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in obstetrics worldwide. No effective treatments to reduce its incidence and severity in clinical practice are currently available. A variety of hypotheses have been generated aiming to explain the origins of PE, notably being the genetic predispositions and placental dysfunction. As regard to placental dysfunction, much progress has been made in basic research and several potential therapeutic targets have been identified. This review will discuss in detail the potential therapeutic targets in PE models including uteroplacental blood flow, oxidative stress, vasoactive factors and inflammation/immune response, and introduce the evolving technologies for placental research nowadays.


Assuntos
Placenta/patologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Gravidez
19.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(2): 75-79, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962129

RESUMO

PURPOSE: By studying the economic data related to road traffic accidents in recent 10 years, this paper explores the impact of various economic factors on the number of casualties in traffic accidents in China, and puts forward related prevention and management measures. METHODS: Based on five economic factors including the number of new health institutions, health investment, transportation investment and disposable income per capita, this paper collects the data of traffic accidents in 31 provinces and municipalities of China from 2004 to 2016 and estimates the parameters using fixed effect model. RESULTS: The number of health institutions, health investment, transportation investment and disposable income per capita are negatively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties; the number of new health institutions is positively correlated with the number of traffic accident casualties; health investment and transportation investment have a great impact on the number of road traffic accident casualties. CONCLUSION: Economic development has a positive impact on improving traffic conditions, but the increase in the number of new health institutions does not reduce the number of casualties in accidents. The irrational layout of health institutions and imperfect road traffic management mechanism should be taken into account.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Economia , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Saúde/economia , Humanos , Renda , Fatores de Tempo , Transportes/economia
20.
Science ; 364(6437): 283-285, 2019 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000662

RESUMO

Malignancies arising from mutation of tumor suppressors have unexplained tissue proclivity. For example, BAP1 encodes a widely expressed deubiquitinase for histone H2A, but germline mutations are predominantly associated with uveal melanomas and mesotheliomas. We show that BAP1 inactivation causes apoptosis in mouse embryonic stem cells, fibroblasts, liver, and pancreatic tissue but not in melanocytes and mesothelial cells. Ubiquitin ligase RNF2, which silences genes by monoubiquitinating H2A, promoted apoptosis in BAP1-deficient cells by suppressing expression of the prosurvival genes Bcl2 and Mcl1. In contrast, BAP1 loss in melanocytes had little impact on expression of prosurvival genes, instead inducing Mitf Thus, BAP1 appears to modulate gene expression by countering H2A ubiquitination, but its loss only promotes tumorigenesis in cells that do not engage an RNF2-dependent apoptotic program.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Melanoma/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Uveais/genética , Animais , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Histonas , Humanos , Melanócitos/metabolismo , Melanócitos/patologia , Melanoma/patologia , Mesotelioma/genética , Mesotelioma/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Mutantes , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação , Neoplasias Uveais/patologia
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