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1.
FASEB J ; 35(10): e21885, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478585

RESUMO

In a recently published phase III clinical trial, gemcitabine (GEM) plus cisplatin (DDP) induction chemotherapy significantly improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival and became the standard of care among patients with locoregionally advanced NPC. However, the molecular mechanisms of GEM synergized with DPP in NPC cells remain elucidated. These findings prompt us to explore the effect of the combination between GEM and DDP in NPC cell lines through proliferative phenotype, immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and western blotting assays. In vitro studies reveal that GEM or DPP treated alone induces cell cycle arrest, promotes cell apoptosis, forces DNA damage response, and GEM synergism with DDP significantly increases the above effects in NPC cells. In vivo studies indicate that GEM or DPP treated alone significantly inhibits the tumor growth and prolongs the survival time of mice injected with SUNE1 cells compared to the control group. Moreover, the mice treated with GEM combined with DDP have smaller tumors and survive longer than those in GEM or DPP treated alone group. In addition, P-gp may be the key molecule that regulates the synergistic effect of gemcitabine and cisplatin. GEM synergizes with DPP to inhibit NPC cell proliferation and tumor growth by inducing cell cycle arrest, cell apoptosis, and DNA damage response, which reveals the mechanisms of combined GEM and DDP induction chemotherapy in improving locoregionally advanced NPC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino/agonistas , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/agonistas , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211037261, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424090

RESUMO

Non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the major subtype of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, is characterized by low differentiation and a close relation to Epstein-Barr virus infection, which indicates a link between Epstein-Barr virus oncogenesis and loss of differentiation, and raises our interest in investigating the involvement of Epstein-Barr virus in nasopharyngeal carcinoma dedifferentiation. Our previous study showed abundant expression of an Epstein-Barr virus-encoded microRNA, BART10-3p, in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues, but the association between BART10-3p and nasopharyngeal carcinoma differentiation remains unknown. Here, we examined the expression and prognostic value of BART10-3p, and undertook bioinformatics analysis and functional assays to investigate the influence of BART10-3p on nasopharyngeal carcinoma differentiation and proliferation and the underpinning mechanism. Microarray analysis identified BART10-3p as the most significantly upregulated Epstein-Barr virus-encoded microRNA in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and the upregulation was confirmed in two public datasets. The expression of BART10-3p was an independent unfavorable prognosticator in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and its integration with the clinical stage showed improved prognosis predictive performance. Bioinformatics analysis suggested a potential role of BART10-3p in tumor differentiation and progression. Functional assays demonstrated that BART10-3p could promote nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell dedifferentiation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and proliferation in vitro, and tumorigenicity in vivo. Mechanistically, BART10-3p directly targeted the 3'UTR of ALK7 and suppressed its expression. Reconstitution of ALK7 rescued BART10-3p-induced malignant phenotypes. Overall, our study demonstrates that BART10-3p promotes dedifferentiation and proliferation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma by targeting ALK7, suggesting a promising therapeutic opportunity to reverse the malignant phenotypes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

3.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 14, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430876

RESUMO

Currently, there is no strong evidence of the well-established biomarkers for immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here, we aimed to reveal the heterogeneity of tumour microenvironment (TME) through virtual microdissection of gene expression profiles. An immune-enriched subtype was identified in 38% (43/113) of patients, which was characterized by significant enrichment of immune cells or immune responses. The remaining patients were therefore classified as a non-Immune Subtype (non-IS), which exhibited highly proliferative features. Then we identified a tumour immune evasion state within the immune-enriched subtype (18/43, 42%), in which high expression of exclusion- and dysfunction-related signatures was observed. These subgroups were designated the Evaded and Active Immune Subtype (E-IS and A-IS), respectively. We further demonstrated that A-IS predicted favourable survival and improved ICI response as compared to E-IS and non-IS. In summary, this study introduces the novel immune subtypes and demonstrates their feasibility in tailoring immunotherapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Heterogeneidade Genética , Imunoterapia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral , Estudos de Coortes , Genoma Humano , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
5.
J Immunother Cancer ; 8(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have been reported as prognostic markers in tumors. We aimed to assess the prognostic value of total T cell (CD3+) density, cytotoxic T cell (CD8+) density and memory T cell (CD45RO+) density in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: The expression of CD3, CD8 and CD45RO was detected by immunohistochemistry in the training (n=221) and validation cohorts (n=115). The densities of these three markers were quantified by digital pathology both in the tumor and stroma. Then, we developed the immune score based on the density of these three markers and further analyzed its prognostic value. RESULTS: The high density of CD3+, CD8+ and CD45RO+ T cells both in the tumor and/or stroma were significantly associated with the decrease in mortality in the training cohort, respectively. High immune score predicted a prolonged overall survival (OS) (HR 0.34, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.64, p=0.001, disease-free survival (DFS) (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.78, p=0.005) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) (HR 0.43, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.87, p=0.018) in NPC patients. The findings were confirmed in the validation cohort. Multivariate analysis revealed that immune score remained an independent prognostic indicator for OS, DFS and DMFS. In addition, we established a nomogram with the integration of all independent variables to predict individual risk of death. CONCLUSIONS: We established an immune score model, which provides a reliable estimate of the risk of death, disease progress and distant metastasis in NPC patients.

6.
Cell Res ; 30(11): 1024-1042, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32686767

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an aggressive malignancy with extremely skewed ethnic and geographic distributions. Increasing evidence indicates that targeting the tumor microenvironment (TME) represents a promising therapeutic approach in NPC, highlighting an urgent need to deepen the understanding of the complex NPC TME. Here, we generated single-cell transcriptome profiles for 7581 malignant cells and 40,285 immune cells from fifteen primary NPC tumors and one normal sample. We revealed malignant signatures capturing intratumoral transcriptional heterogeneity and predicting aggressiveness of malignant cells. Diverse immune cell subtypes were identified, including novel subtypes such as CLEC9A+ dendritic cells (DCs). We further revealed transcriptional regulators underlying immune cell diversity, and cell-cell interaction analyses highlighted promising immunotherapeutic targets in NPC. Moreover, we established the immune subtype-specific signatures, and demonstrated that the signatures of macrophages, plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), CLEC9A+ DCs, natural killer (NK) cells, and plasma cells were significantly associated with improved survival outcomes in NPC. Taken together, our findings represent a unique resource providing in-depth insights into the cellular heterogeneity of NPC TME and highlight potential biomarkers for anticancer treatment and risk stratification, laying a new foundation for precision therapies in NPC.

7.
Cancer Sci ; 111(6): 1991-2003, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232887

RESUMO

Alternative polyadenylation (APA), which induces shortening of the 3'-UTR, is emerging as an important feature in cancer development and progression. Nevertheless, the effects and mechanisms of APA-induced 3'-UTR shortening in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain largely unclear. Fibronectin type III domain containing 3B (FNDC3B) tended to use proximal polyadenylation site and produce shorter 3'-UTR according to our previous sequencing study. Herein, we found that FNDC3B with shorter 3'-UTR could escape from miRNA-mediated gene repression, and caused its increased expression in NPC. Knocking down of FNDC3B inhibited NPC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of FNDC3B, especially those with shorter 3'-UTR, promoted NPC progression. Furthermore, the mechanism study revealed that FNDC3B could bind to and stabilize myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) to activate the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. In addition, MYH9 could reverse the inhibitory effects of FNDC3B knockdown in NPC. Altogether, our results suggested that the 3'-UTR shortening of FNDC3B mRNA mediated its overexpression in NPC and promoted NPC progression by targeting MYH9. This newly identified FNDC3B-MYH9-Wnt/ß-catenin axis could represent potential targets for individualized treatment in NPC.


Assuntos
Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Fibronectinas/genética , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia
8.
Cells ; 9(3)2020 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120844

RESUMO

Epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the development and progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but the epigenetic mechanisms underlying NPC metastasis remain poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that hypermethylation of the UCHL1 promoter leads to its downregulation in NPC. Restoration of UCHL1 inhibited the migration and invasion of NPC cells in vitro and in vivo, and knockdown of UCHL1 promoted NPC cell migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, we found that UCHL1 interacts with CTTN, and may function as a ligase promoting CTTN degradation by increasing K48-linked ubiquitination of CTTN. Additionally, restoration of CTTN in NPC cells that overexpressed UCHL1 rescued UCHL1 suppressive effects on NPC cell migration and invasion, which indicated that CTTN is a functional target of UCHL1 in NPC. Our findings revealed that UCHL1 acts as a tumor suppressor gene in NPC and thus provided a novel therapeutic target for NPC treatment.


Assuntos
Cortactina/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Proteólise , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lisina/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
9.
Neoplasia ; 21(3): 311-321, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30772768

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an important epigenetic change in carcinogenesis. However, the function and mechanism of DNA methylation dysregulation in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is still largely unclear. Our previous genome-wide microarray data showed that NFAT1 is one of the most hypermethylated transcription factor genes in NPC tissues. Here, we found that NFAT1 hypermethylation contributes to its down-regulation in NPC. NFAT1 overexpression inhibited cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in vitro and tumor metastasis in vivo. We further established that the tumor suppressor effect of NFAT1 is mediated by its inactivation of ITGA6 transcription. Our findings suggest the significance of activating NFAT1/ITGA6 signaling in aggressive NPC, defining a novel critical signaling mechanism that drives NPC invasion and metastasis and providing a novel target for future personalized therapy.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Integrina alfa6/genética , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Ativação Transcricional , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Interferência de RNA , Transcriptoma
10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 11, 2019 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence support an important role for DNA methylation in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here, we explored the role of circadian clock gene Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator-Like (ARNTL) methylation in NPC. METHODS: We employed bisulfite pyrosequencing to determine the epigenetic change of ARNTL in NPC cell lines and tissues. ARNTL mRNA and protein expression in cell lines and tissues were detected by real-time PCR and western blotting. Then, we constructed cell lines overexpressing ARNTL and knocked down ARNTL to explore its function and effect on chemotherapy sensitivity of NPC cell lines to cisplatin in vitro and vivo. Finally, we investigated the potential molecular mechanism of ARNTL by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), dual Luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: ARNTL was hypermethylated, and its mRNA and protein were significantly down-regulated in NPC cell lines and tissues. When treated by 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine, mRNA expression was up-regulated. Overexpression of ARNTL could suppress NPC cells proliferation in vitro and vivo while silencing of ARNTL using shRNA achieved opposite results. GSEA assay found that ARNTL was associated with cell cycle and ectopic ARNTL overexpression could induce G2-M phase arrest. Then, we identified and validated cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) as the targeting gene of ARNTL by dual Luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. When transiently infected ARNTL-overexpression cells with PENTER-vector or PENTER-CDK5 plasmids, the later could reverse the suppressive effects of ARNTL on NPC cell proliferation. Moreover, ARNTL significantly enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin in NPC cells. CONCLUSIONS: ARNTL suppresses NPC cell proliferation and enhances sensitivity to cisplatin by targeting CDK5. ARNTL may represent a novel therapeutic target for NPC.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Quinase 5 Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Metilação de DNA , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 5 Dependente de Ciclina/biossíntese , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Transcrição Genética
11.
Cancer Res ; 79(4): 747-759, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573520

RESUMO

Altered DNA methylation is a key feature of cancer, and aberrant methylation is important in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) development. However, the methylation mechanisms underlying metastasis of NPC remain unclear. Analyzing data from public databases and conducting our own experiments, we report here that promoter hypermethylation of SHISA3 is common and contributes to the downregulation of this gene in many types of tumors, including NPC. SHISA3 suppressed NPC cell invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo by impeding the E3 ubiquitin ligase tripartite motif containing 21 (TRIM21)-mediated ubiquitination and degradation small G protein signaling modulator 1 (SGSM1) and by inhibiting the MAPK pathway activation. Silencing SGSM1 abrogated the inhibitory effect of SHISA3 on NPC cell migration and invasion. This newly identified SHISA3-TRIM21-SGSM1 axis could be a novel therapeutic target in NPC. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings highlight the mechanism by which a newly identified tumor suppressor SHISA3 suppresses invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Metástase Linfática , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estabilidade Proteica , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Theranostics ; 8(20): 5676-5689, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30555573

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in the development and progression of cancers. However, the clinical significances of lncRNAs and their functions and mechanisms in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain largely unclear. Methods: Quantitative RT-PCR was used to determine DANCR expression and Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate its prognostic value. RNA sequencing followed by bioinformatic analysis was performed to determine the potential function of DANCR. In vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to investigate its biological effects. DANCR-interacting proteins were identified by RNA pull-down assay followed by mass spectrometry and western blotting, and then confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. Results: Our previous microarray analysis identified a metastasis-associated lncRNA DANCR. Here, we found that DANCR was upregulated in NPC, especially in those with lymph lode metastasis, and its upregulation could predict poor survival. We then constructed a prognostic predictive model. RNA sequencing followed by bioinformatic analysis revealed that DANCR was responsible for NPC metastasis and hypoxia phenotype. Functional studies showed that DANCR promoted NPC cell invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation suggested that DANCR could increase HIF-1α mRNA stability through interacting with the NF90/NF45 complex. Additionally, overexpression of HIF-1α in DANCR knockdown cells restored its suppressive effects on NPC cell migration and invasion. Conclusions: Taken together, our results suggest that DANCR acts as a prognostic biomarker and increases HIF-1α mRNA stability by interacting with NF90/NF45, leading to metastasis and disease progression of NPC.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/fisiopatologia , Proteína do Fator Nuclear 45/metabolismo , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/secundário , Prognóstico , Ligação Proteica , Multimerização Proteica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de RNA
13.
J Biomed Sci ; 25(1): 74, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30352587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alternative polyadenylation (APA) is a widespread phenomenon in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression that generates mRNAs with alternative 3'-untranslated regions (3'UTRs). APA contributes to the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer. However, the potential role of APA in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains largely unknown. METHODS: A strategy of sequencing APA sites (SAPAS) based on second-generation sequencing technology was carried out to explore the global patterns of APA sites and identify genes with tandem 3'UTRs in samples from 6 NPC and 6 normal nasopharyngeal epithelial tissue (NNET). Sequencing results were then validated using quantitative RT-PCR in a larger cohort of 16 NPC and 16 NNET samples. RESULTS: The sequencing data showed that the use of tandem APA sites was prevalent in NPC, and numerous genes with APA-switching events were discovered. In total, we identified 195 genes with significant differences in the tandem 3'UTR length between NPC and NNET; including 119 genes switching to distal poly (A) sites and 76 genes switching to proximal poly (A) sites. Several gene ontology (GO) terms were enriched in the list of genes with switched APA sites, including regulation of cell migration, macromolecule catabolic process, protein catabolic process, proteolysis, small conjugating protein ligase activity, and ubiquitin-protein ligase activity. CONCLUSIONS: APA site-switching events are prevalent in NPC. APA-mediated regulation of gene expression may play an important role in the development of NPC, and more detailed studies targeting genes with APA-switching events may contribute to the development of novel future therapeutic strategies for NPC.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Poliadenilação , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos
14.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 37(1): 227, 2018 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence recognizes that DNA methylation abnormalities play critical roles in cancer development. Our previous genome-wide methylation profile showed that tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein 8 like 3 (TIPE3) was hypermethylated in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the relationship between TIPE3 methylation and its mRNA expression, as well as its biological roles in NPC are unknown. METHODS: Bisulfite pyrosequencing and quantitative RT-PCR were performed to quantify the TIPE3 methylation and expression levels. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis were used to estimate the correlation between TIPE3 methylation levels and survival in two patient cohorts collected from two hospitals (n = 441). The MTT, colony formation, Transwell migration and invasion assays, and xenograft tumor growth and lung metastatic colonization models were used to identify the functions of TIPE3 on NPC cells. RESULTS: We found that TIPE3 CpG island (CGI) was hypermethylated and its mRNA levels were downregulated in many cancers, including NPC. TIPE3 downregulation was associated with its CGI hypermethylation. Furthermore, NPC patients with high TIPE3 CGI methylation levels had poorer clinical outcomes than those with low methylation levels. The TIPE3 CGI methylation level was an independent prognostic factor. Moreover, restoring TIPE3 expression significantly inhibited NPC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth and lung metastatic colonization in vivo, while silencing TIPE3 acted in an opposite way. CONCLUSIONS: TIPE3 downregulation correlates with its CGI hypermethylation in several solid cancers. TIPE3 acts as a tumor suppressor in NPC, providing a further insight into NPC progression and representing a potential prognostic biomarker for NPC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Prognóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(3): 382-393, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29428165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene expression patterns can be used as prognostic biomarkers in various types of cancers. We aimed to identify a gene expression pattern for individual distant metastatic risk assessment in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective, cohort analysis, we included 937 patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma from three Chinese hospitals: the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, China), the Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University (Guilin, China), and the First People's Hospital of Foshan (Foshan, China). Using microarray analysis, we profiled mRNA gene expression between 24 paired locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma tumours from patients at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center with or without distant metastasis after radical treatment. Differentially expressed genes were examined using digital expression profiling in a training cohort (Guangzhou training cohort; n=410) to build a gene classifier using a penalised regression model. We validated the prognostic accuracy of this gene classifier in an internal validation cohort (Guangzhou internal validation cohort, n=204) and two external independent cohorts (Guilin cohort, n=165; Foshan cohort, n=158). The primary endpoint was distant metastasis-free survival. Secondary endpoints were disease-free survival and overall survival. FINDINGS: We identified 137 differentially expressed genes between metastatic and non-metastatic locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues. A distant metastasis gene signature for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (DMGN) that consisted of 13 genes was generated to classify patients into high-risk and low-risk groups in the training cohort. Patients with high-risk scores in the training cohort had shorter distant metastasis-free survival (hazard ratio [HR] 4·93, 95% CI 2·99-8·16; p<0·0001), disease-free survival (HR 3·51, 2·43-5·07; p<0·0001), and overall survival (HR 3·22, 2·18-4·76; p<0·0001) than patients with low-risk scores. The prognostic accuracy of DMGN was validated in the internal and external cohorts. Furthermore, among patients with low-risk scores in the combined training and internal cohorts, concurrent chemotherapy improved distant metastasis-free survival compared with those patients who did not receive concurrent chemotherapy (HR 0·40, 95% CI 0·19-0·83; p=0·011), whereas patients with high-risk scores did not benefit from concurrent chemotherapy (HR 1·03, 0·71-1·50; p=0·876). This was also validated in the two external cohorts combined. We developed a nomogram based on the DMGN and other variables that predicted an individual's risk of distant metastasis, which was strengthened by adding Epstein-Barr virus DNA status. INTERPRETATION: The DMGN is a reliable prognostic tool for distant metastasis in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and might be able to predict which patients benefit from concurrent chemotherapy. It has the potential to guide treatment decisions for patients at different risk of distant metastasis. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Science & Technology Pillar Program during the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period, the Natural Science Foundation of Guang Dong Province, the National Key Research and Development Program of China, the Innovation Team Development Plan of the Ministry of Education, the Health & Medical Collaborative Innovation Project of Guangzhou City, China, and the Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/secundário , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Transcriptoma , Adulto , China , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
16.
Int J Cancer ; 142(12): 2558-2566, 2018 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377121

RESUMO

The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system is inadequate for an accurate prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Thus, new biomarkers are under intense investigation. Here, we investigated whether the density of TILs could predict prognosis in NPC. First, we used 1490 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples from two independent cohorts to evaluate the density and distribution of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Second, in one cohort, we assessed associations between TILs and clinical outcomes in 593 randomly selected samples (defined as the training set) and validated findings in the remaining 593 samples (defined as the validation set). Furthermore, we confirmed the prognostic value of TILs in a second independent cohort of 304 cases (defined as the independent set). Based on multivariable Cox regression analysis, we also established an effective prognostic nomogram including TILs to improve accuracy in predicting disease-free survival (DFS) for patients with nondisseminated NPC. We found that high TILs in the training set were significantly associated with favorable DFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.28-0.58, p < 0.001], overall survival (OS, HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.27-0.64, p < 0.001), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, HR 0.37, 95% CI 0.23-0.58, p < 0.001) and local-regional recurrent free survival (LRRFS, HR 0.43, 95% CI 0.25-0.73, p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis showed that TILs are an independent prognostic indicator for DFS in all cohorts. In summary, this study indicated that TILs may reflect the immunological heterogeneity of NPC and could represent a new prognostic biomarker.


Assuntos
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/imunologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
17.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 36(1): 147, 2017 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29052525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic abnormalities play important roles in nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), however, the epigenetic changes associated with abnormal cell proliferation remain unclear. METHODS: We detected epigenetic change of ZNF671 in NPC tissues and cell lines by bisulfite pyrosequencing. We evaluated zinc finger protein 671 (ZNF671) expression in NPC cell lines and clinical tissues using real-time PCR and western blotting. Then, we established NPC cell lines that stably overexpressed ZNF671 and knocked down ZNF671 expression to explore its function in NPC in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, we investigated the potential mechanism of ZNF671 by identifying the mitotic spindle and G2/M checkpoint pathways pathway downstream genes using gene set enrichment analysis, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: ZNF671 was hypermethylated in NPC tissues and cell lines. The mRNA and protein expression of ZNF671 was down-regulated in NPC tissues and cell lines and the mRNA expression could be upregulated after the demethylation agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment. Overexpression of ZNF671 suppressed NPC cell proliferation and colony formation in vitro; silencing ZNF671 using a siRNA had the opposite effects. Additionally, overexpression of ZNF671 reduced the tumorigenicity of NPC cells in xenograft model in vivo. The mechanism study determined that overexpressing ZNF671 induced S phase arrest in NPC cells by upregulating p21 and downregulating cyclin D1 and c-myc. CONCLUSIONS: Epigenetic mediated zinc finger protein 671 downregulation promotes cell proliferation and enhances tumorigenicity by inhibiting cell cycle arrest in NPC, which may represent a novel potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Metilação de DNA , Regulação para Baixo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Camundongos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Transplante de Neoplasias , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Theranostics ; 7(14): 3585-3594, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28912897

RESUMO

We performed a comprehensive immuno-genomic analysis of tumor microenvironment immune types (TMITs), which is classified into four groups based on PD-L1+CD8A or PD-L1+cytolytic activity (CYT) expression, across a broad spectrum of solid tumors in order to help identify patients who will benefit from anti- PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. The mRNA sequencing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) of 14 solid cancer types representing 6,685 tumor samples was analyzed. TMIT was classified only for those tumor types that both PD-L1 and CD8A/CYT could prefict mutation and/or neoantigen number. The mutational and neoepitope features of the tumor were compared according to the four TMITs. We found that PD-L1/CD8A/CYT subgroups could not distinguish different mutation and neoantigen numbers in certain tumor types such as glioblastoma multiforme, prostate adenocarcinoma, and head and neck and lung squamous cell carcinoma. For the remaining tumor types, compared with TIMT II (low PD-L1 and CD8A/CYT), TIMT I (high PD-L1 and CD8A/CYT) had a significantly higher number of mutations or neoantigens in bladder urothelial carcinoma, breast and cervical cancer, colorectal, stomach and lung adenocarcinoma, and melanoma. In contrast, TMIT I of kidney clear cell, liver hepatocellular, and thyroid carcinoma were negatively correlated with mutation burden or neoantigen numbers. Our findings show that the TMIT stratification proposed could serve as a favorable approach for tailoring optimal immunotherapeutic strategies in certain tumor types. Going forward, it will be important to test the clinical practicability of TMIT based on quantification of immune infiltrates using mRNA-seq to predict clinical response to these and other immunotherapeutic strategies in more different tumors.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Genoma Humano , Microambiente Tumoral , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Antígenos CD8/imunologia , Carcinoma/classificação , Carcinoma/imunologia , Carga Genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Acúmulo de Mutações
19.
Oncoimmunology ; 6(3): e1288329, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28405520

RESUMO

The B7 family and tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily play a vital role in the T-cell co-stimulatory and co-inhibitory pathways, regulating T-cell activation, tolerance, and exhaustion; therapeutic modulation of these pathways is translated into effective new cancer treatments. Better understanding of the immune molecular landscapes of the B7 and TNFR families would guide head and neck immuno-oncology clinical research. We performed comprehensive molecular profiling of 10 B7 and 6 TNFR family members in head and neck cancer. Over 20% of patients had B7 and TNFR gene alterations. B7 gene amplifications were relatively more common (3-11%) than TNFR gene amplifications (0-5%). Analysis of 496 sequenced samples revealed that all genes were upregulated: B7 and TNFR mRNA were upregulated in 158 cases (> 30%) and 83 cases (∼15%), respectively. B7-H1 (PD-L1) mRNA upregulation was the most common (∼10%). Promoter methylation analysis indicated an epigenetic basis for B7 and TNFR gene regulation (especially B7-H1, which was relatively strongly correlated with promoter methylation). B7-H1 expression was significantly associated with worse overall survival, and its expression was increased in cases with gene amplifications. Human papillomavirus (HPV) status correlated significantly with B7-H1 alterations at genetic level. Almost half (47.1%) of HPV-negative patients had deep or shallow B7-H1 deletion; >90% of HPV-positive patients had diploid, copy number gain, or amplification of B7-H1. This is the first study elucidating the immune molecular landscapes of the B7 and TNFR families in head and neck cancer, providing a potential novel rationale for clinical investigations.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 8(1): e2566, 2017 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28102841

RESUMO

Clinically, distant metastasis after primary treatment remains a key problem in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), and the treatment outcome of metastatic NPC remains disappointing, so there is a pressing need to identify novel therapeutic strategies. In accordance with our previous microarray data, we found that miR-101 was downregulated in NPC clinical specimens and cell lines. Ectopic expression of miR-101 significantly suppressed NPC cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis in vitro and inhibited angiogenesis and metastasis in vivo using the chicken chorioallantoic membrane model. Furthermore, ITGA3 was identified and validated as a novel target of miR-101, and the restoration of ITGA3 expression potently rescued the suppressive effects of miR-101. In addition, NPC patients with high ITGA3 expression had poorer overall survival and distant metastasis-free survival than patients with low ITGA3 expression, and ITGA3 overexpression was an independent poor prognostic factor in NPC. More importantly, we demonstrated that the systemic delivery of lentivirus-mediated miR-101 abrogated the lung metastatic colonization formation of NPC cells without obvious toxicity. Our study elucidates the molecular mechanisms of miR-101/ITGA3 pathway in regulating NPC metastasis and angiogenesis, and the systemic delivery of miR-101 provides a potent evidence for the development of a novel microRNA-targeting anticancer strategy for NPC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/genética , Integrina alfa3/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Carcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/terapia , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/terapia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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