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Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17283532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the expressions of KAI1, nm23, ETS-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and microvascular density (MVD) and lymph node metastasis and prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: The Envision immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expressions of KAI1, nm23, ETS-1 and VEGF in 50 cases of non-keratinizing carcinoma (NKC) with cervical lymph node metastasis, 30 cases of NKC without cervical lymph node metastasis at the primary diagnoses and 30 cases of non-tumor nasopharyngeal tissues (NP). The microvascular density was counted by immunostaining with CD34. RESULTS: (1) The expression rates of KAI1 and nm23 protein in NKC with cervical lymph node metastasis group and without cervical lymph node metastasis group and NP group increased successively , the difference being significant (P < 0.05); The expression rates of ETS-1 and VEGF protein in NKC with cervical lymph node metastasis group and without cervical lymph node metastasis group and NP group increased successively, the difference being significant (P < 0.05). (2) In 80 NKC cases, the MVD was respectively lower in KAI1 and nm23 protein positive groups than those in the negative groups (P < 0.05); the MVD was respectively higher in ETS-1 and VEGF protein positive groups than those in the negative groups (P < 0.05 ). (3) There was significant difference between the MVD, the number of NKC without cervical lymph node metastasis cases in the single expression of KAI1 or nm23 protein and in common expression of KAI1 and nm23 protein (P < 0.05), in the same as between the single expression of ETS-1 or VEGF protein and in common expressions of ETS-1 and VEGF protein (P < 0.05). (4) There was positive correlation between the expressions of KAI1 and nm23 protein (P < 0.01), as well as between the expressions of ETS-1 and VEGF protein (P < 0.01). (5) the 5-year survival rates of the patients correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis and the expressions of KAI1, nm23, ETS-1 and VEGF proteins in NKC (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of KAI1, nm23, ETS-1 and VEGF proteins were highly related to MVD in NPC,cervical lymph node metastasis and prognosis. They might be considered to be reference indicator for evaluating the cervical lymph node metastasis and prognosis of NPC.


Assuntos
Proteína Kangai-1/metabolismo , Nucleosídeo NM23 Difosfato Quinases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
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