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1.
Cancer Manag Res ; 14: 1-17, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018117

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a special subtype of breast cancer, accounting for 10-20% of breast cancers with high intrinsic heterogeneity. Its unique immune microenvironment, including high expression of vascular endothelial growth factors, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), and other molecules that promote the growth and migration of tumor cells, has been shown to play a dual role in the occurrence, growth, and metastasis of TNBC. Understanding the TNBC microenvironment is of great significance for the prognosis and treatment of TNBC. In this article, we describe the composition and function of immune cells in the TNBC microenvironment and summarize the major cytokine growth factors and chemokines in the TNBC microenvironment. Finally, we discuss the progress of TNBC, cytokine-induced killer cell therapy, and immune checkpoint therapy.

2.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 43(1): 103158, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365188

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of nasal surgery in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) by comparing the improvement of subjective symptoms and objective metrics before surgery and after 6 months of surgery. METHODS: Patients with the main complaint of nasal congestion combined with habitual snoring who were hospitalized and treated were selected. Patients underwent subjective symptom tests and objective indicator monitoring both before surgery and 6 months after surgery. Comparisons between groups were performed using the independent samples t-test. RESULTS: Subjective scale evaluations demonstrated that nasal congestion, daytime sleepiness, snoring, nose-related symptoms, and sleep symptoms in patients with simple snoring or with OSA were improved after nasal surgery. Additionally, vitality was improved in all groups except for the patients with simple snoring and emotional consequence was improved in patients with simple snoring and mild OSA. Objective evaluations indicated the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), the thickness of the soft palate, and the maximum cross-sectional area of the sagittal plane of the soft palate decreased after surgery in patients with mild OSA. The lowest blood oxygen concentration (LSaO2) and anteroposterior diameter of the soft palate increased after surgery in patients with mild OSA. The arousal index also significantly decreased in patients with mild and moderate OSA. The nasal cavity volumes (NCVs) and the nasal minimal cross-sectional areas (NMCAs) of all groups showed significant differences after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Nasal surgery can effectively improve nose and sleep symptoms in patients with simple snoring or with OSA. It can significantly reduce the nasal resistance and increase the ventilation volume. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is becoming a global health problem. OSA is associated with several coexisting conditions, reduced health-related quality of life, and impaired work productivity. This study performed nasal surgery on OSA patients with the main complaint of nasal congestion combined with snoring and patients with simple snoring to compare the improvement of subjective symptoms and objective metrics before and after surgery. We found that: (1) symptoms such as nasal congestion, daytime sleepiness or snoring were improved after nasal surgery; (2) the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) and arousal index decreased after surgery in patients with OSA; (3) the nasal and oropharyngeal cavity volumes increased after surgery. These findings suggest that patients with OSA or with simple snoring could benefit from nasal surgery.

3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120300, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455388

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a major health threat for women. The drug responses associated with different breast cancer subtypes have obvious effects on therapeutic outcomes; therefore, the accurate classification of breast cancer subtypes is critical. Breast cancer subtype classification has recently been examined using various methods, and Raman spectroscopy has emerged as an effective technique that can be used for noninvasive breast cancer analysis. However, the accurate and rapid classification of breast cancer subtypes currently requires a great deal of effort and experience with the processing and analysis of Raman spectra data. Here, we adopted Raman spectroscopy and machine learning techniques to simplify and accelerate the process used to distinguish normal from breast cancer cells and classify breast cancer subtypes. Raman spectra were obtained from cultured breast cancer cell lines, and the data were analyzed by two machine learning algorithms: principal component analysis (PCA)-discriminant function analysis (DFA) and PCA-support vector machine (SVM). The accuracies with which these two algorithms were able to distinguish normal breast cells from breast cancer cells were both greater than 97%, and the accuracies of breast cancer subtype classification for both algorithms were both greater than 92%. Moreover, our results showed evidence to support the use of characteristic Raman spectral features as cancer cell biomarkers, such as the intensity of intrinsic Raman bands, which increased in cancer cells. Raman spectroscopy combined with machine learning techniques provides a rapid method for breast cancer analysis able to reveal differences in intracellular compositions and molecular structures among subtypes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Análise Espectral Raman , Algoritmos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Análise de Componente Principal , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte
4.
EBioMedicine ; 74: 103730, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: parent-of-origin effects (POE) play important roles in complex disease and thus understanding their regulation and associated molecular and phenotypic variation are warranted. Previous studies mainly focused on the detection of genomic regions or phenotypes regulated by POE. Understanding whether POE may be modified by environmental or genetic exposures is important for understanding of the source of POE-associated variation, but only a few case studies addressing modifiable POE exist. METHODS: in order to understand this high order of POE regulation, we screened 101 genetic and environmental factors such as 'predicted mRNA expression levels' of DNA methylation/imprinting machinery genes and environmental exposures. POE-mQTL-modifier interaction models were proposed to test the potential of these factors to modify POE at DNA methylation using data from Generation Scotland: The Scottish Family Health Study(N=2315). FINDINGS: a set of vulnerable/modifiable POE-CpGs were identified (modifiable-POE-regulated CpGs, N=3). Four factors, 'lifetime smoking status' and 'predicted mRNA expression levels' of TET2, SIRT1 and KDM1A, were found to significantly modify the POE on the three CpGs in both discovery and replication datasets. We further identified plasma protein and health-related phenotypes associated with the methylation level of one of the identified CpGs. INTERPRETATION: the modifiable POE identified here revealed an important yet indirect path through which genetic background and environmental exposures introduce their effect on DNA methylation, motivating future comprehensive evaluation of the role of these modifiers in complex diseases. FUNDING: NSFC (81971270),H2020-MSCA-ITN(721815), Wellcome (204979/Z/16/Z,104036/Z/14/Z), MRC (MC_UU_00007/10, MC_PC_U127592696), CSO (CZD/16/6,CZB/4/276, CZB/4/710), SFC (HR03006), EUROSPAN (LSHG-CT-2006-018947), BBSRC (BBS/E/D/30002276), SYSU, Arthritis Research UK, NHLBI, NIH.

5.
Cancer Biomark ; 2021 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early recurrence is the main obstacle for long-term survival of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after curative resection. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) based signature to predict early recurrence. METHODS: Using bioinformatics analysis and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR), we screened for lncRNA candidates that were abnormally expressed in HCC. The expression levels of candidate lncRNAs were analyzed in HCC tissues from 160 patients who underwent curative resection, and a risk model for the prediction of recurrence within 1 year (early recurrence) of HCCs was constructed with linear support vector machine (SVM). RESULTS: A lncRNA-based classifier (Clnc), which contained nine differentially expressed lncRNAs including AF339810, AK026286, BC020899, HEIH, HULC, MALAT1, PVT1, uc003fpg, and ZFAS1 was constructed. In the test set, this classifier reliably predicted early recurrence (AUC, 0.675; sensitivity, 72.0%; specificity, 63.1%) with an odds ratio of 4.390 (95% CI, 2.120-9.090). Clnc showed higher accuracy than traditional clinical features, including tumor size, portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) in predicting early recurrence (AUC, 0.675 vs 0.523 vs 0.541), and had much higher sensitivity than Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC; 72.0% vs 50.0%), albeit their AUCs were comparable (0.675 vs 0.678). Moreover, combining Clnc with BCLC significantly increased the AUC, compared with Clnc or BCLC alone in predicting early recurrence (all P< 0.05). Finally, logistic and Cox regression analysis suggested that Clnc was an independent prognostic factor and associated with the early recurrence and recurrence-free survival of HCC patients after resection, respectively (all P= 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our lncRNA-based classifier Clnc can predict early recurrence of patients undergoing surgical resection of HCC.

6.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-14, 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963381

RESUMO

PURPOSE:  We summarized the existing studies to elaborate the biogenesis and function of circRNAs, the effect of aberrant circRNAs expression in the mechanism of inflammation and diabetic retinopathy (DR) respectively and further explored the vital roles of circRNAs in inflammation involved in DR. Methods: We conducted a systematical literature search of abundant electronic databases (PubMed, GeneMedical and MEDLINE) up to August 2021. Results: In this review, we exhibited the biogenesis and function of circRNAs and highlighted the components of inflammatory mediators implicated in DR. Numerous circRNAs, such as circHIPK3, circZNF609, circRNA_0084043, circ_0002570, circ_0041795, circEhmt1 and circ-ITCH were discovered to play vital roles in inflammation involved in DR, which provided new ideas for diagnosis and treatment of DR. Moreover, we proposed not only the epigenetic functions of circRNAs but also novel forms of the inflammatory response, including pyroptosis, to inspire further exploration and creative research in this field. Conclusion: CircRNAs were implicated in the progression and development of inflammation in DR via aberrant expression and modulation of gene expression, serving as an emerging star with potential therapeutic targets.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 729371, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733781

RESUMO

Objective: To develop and validate a new strategy based on radiomics features extracted from intra- and peritumoral regions on CT images for the prediction of atypical responses to the immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) in cancer patients. Methods: In total, 135 patients derived from five hospitals with pathologically confirmed malignancies receiving ICI were included in this retrospective study. Atypical responses including pseudoprogression (PsP) and hyperprogression disease (HPD) were identified as their definitions. A subgroup of standard progression disease (sPD) in 2018 was also involved in this study. Based on pretreatment CT imaging, a total of 107 features were extracted from intra- and peri-tumoral regions, respectively. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (Lasso) algorithm was used for feature selection, and multivariate logistic analysis was used to develop radiomics signature (RS). Finally, a total of nine RSs, derived from intra-tumoral, peri-tumoral, and combination of both regions, were built respectively to distinguish PsP vs. HPD, PsP vs. sPD, and HPD vs. sPD. The performance of the RSs was evaluated with discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness. Results: No significant difference was found when compared in terms of clinical characteristics of PsP, HPD, and sPD. RS based on combined regions outperformed those from either intra-tumoral or peri-tumoral alone, yielding an AUC (accuracy) of 0.834 (0.827) for PsP vs. HPD, 0.923 (0.868) for PsP vs. sPD, and 0.959 (0.894) for HPD vs. sPD in the training datasets, and 0.835 (0.794) for PsP vs. HPD, 0.919 (0.867) for PsP vs. sPD, and 0.933 (0.842) for HPD vs. sPD in the testing datasets. The combined RS showed good fitness (Hosmer-Lemeshow test p > 0.05) and provided more net benefit than the treat-none or treat-all scheme by decision curve analysis in both training and testing datasets. Conclusion: Pretreatment radiomics are helpful to predict atypical responses to ICI across tumor types. The combined RS outperformed those from either intra- or peri-tumoral alone which may provide a more comprehensive characterization of atypical responses to ICI.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 763092, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737754

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is prevalent among people with long-term diabetes mellitus (DM) and remains the leading cause of visual impairment in working-aged people. DR is related to chronic low-level inflammatory reactions. Pyroptosis is an emerging type of inflammatory cell death mediated by gasdermin D (GSDMD), NOD-like receptors and inflammatory caspases that promote interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-18 release. In addition, the retinal neurovascular unit (NVU) is the functional basis of the retina. Recent studies have shown that pyroptosis may participate in the destruction of retinal NVU cells in simulated hyperglycemic DR environments. In this review, we will clarify the importance of pyroptosis in the retinal NVU during the development of DR.

10.
Pharmacol Res ; 174: 105871, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619345

RESUMO

Microvascular dysfunction is the primary aetiology of visual impairment caused by diabetic retinopathy (DR). Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), the active metabolite of the antimalarials artemisinins, exhibits antiangiogenic properties in numerous diseases. Here, we investigated the function and mechanisms of DHA as a vasculoprotective agent in DR. DHA exerted its protective effect on vascular injuries in diabetic mice and inhibited cell proliferation and tube formation in human retinal microvascular endothelial cells by decreasing the level of fatty acid synthase (FASN), enhancing the malonylation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) at lysine 1218 (K1218) and attenuating the activation of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1). Impressively, a chemosynthetic small interfering RNA against FASN and mutagenesis of K1218 of mTOR showed therapeutic potential in suppressing cell proliferation and tube formation induced by high glucose. Notably, suppression of mTORC1 kinase activity further inhibited FASN by reducing p70S6K phosphorylation to subsequently reduce the expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, which interacted directly with the FASN promoter at nucleotide positions -64 and -55. In conclusion, our study elucidated the promising effects of FASN and malonylation on vascular injuries of DR and indicated the great potential of DHA as a therapeutic approach.

11.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(21-22): 8545-8560, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661705

RESUMO

Metabolites can mediate species interactions and the assembly of microbial communities. However, how these chemicals relate to the assembly processes and co-occurrence patterns of diazotrophic assemblages in root-associated soils remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the diversity and assembly of diazotrophic communities and further deciphered their links with metabolites on Tibetan Plateau. We found that the distribution of sugars and organic acids in the root-associated soils was significantly correlated with the richness of diazotrophs. The presence of these two soil metabolites explains the variability in diazotrophic community compositions. The differential concentrations of these metabolites were significantly linked with the distinctive abundances of diazotrophic taxa in same land types dominated by different plants or dissimilar soils by same plants. The assembly of diazotrophic communities is subject to deterministic ecological processes, which are widely modulated by the variety and amount of sugars and organic acids. Organic acids, for instance, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid and citric acid, were effective predictors of the characteristics of diazotrophic assemblages across desert habitats. Diazotrophic co-occurrence networks tended to be more complex and connected within different land types covered by the same plant species. The concentrations of multiple sugars and organic acids were coupled significantly with the distribution of keystone species, such as Azotobacter, Azospirillum, Bradyrhizobium, and Mesorhizobium, in the co-occurrence network. These findings provide new insights into the assembly mechanisms of root-associated diazotrophic communities across the desert ecosystems of the Tibetan Plateau.Key points• Soil metabolites were significantly linked to the diversity of diazotrophic community.• Soil metabolites determined the assembly of diazotrophic community.• Sugars and organic acids were coupled mainly with keystone species in networks.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Açúcares , Tibet
12.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-11, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629027

RESUMO

DNA methyltransferase 2 (DNMT2) was renamed as tRNA aspartic acid methyltransferase 1 (TRDMT1) by catalyzing the methylation of tRNAAsp anti-codon loop C38. The development of sequencing of nucleic acids and protein detection techniques have prompted the demonstration that TRDMT1 mediated tRNA modification affects protein synthesis efficiency. This process affects the growth and development of animals. The DNA of 224 Qinchuan cattles aged 2-4 years old was collected in this experiment. The genetic variations of TRDMT1 exon and some intron regions were detected by mixed pool sequencing technology. qRT-PCR and Western Blot were used to detect the expression levels of mRNA and protein produced with the combination of different genetic variant loci. Three haplotypes were detected and the distribution ratios were different. Muscle tissue mRNA and protein testing showed that there were differences in mRNA expression levels among different genotypes (P < 0.05) and the protein expression levels between different genotypes show the same trend as mRNA. This study provides potential molecular materials for the improvement of Qinchuan cattle reproductivity and provides theoretical support for studying the effects of livestock TRDMT1 on animal growth and development.

13.
Molecules ; 26(20)2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684854

RESUMO

CO2-switchable oligomeric surfactants have good viscosity-reducing properties; however, the complex synthesis of surfactants limits their application. In this study, a CO2-switchable "pseudo"-tetrameric surfactant oleic acid (OA)/cyclic polyamine (cyclen) was prepared by simple mixing and subsequently used to reduce the viscosity of heavy oil. The surface activity of OA/cyclen was explored by a surface tensiometer and a potential for viscosity reduction was revealed. The CO2 switchability of OA/cyclen was investigated by alternately introducing CO2 and N2, and OA/cyclen was confirmed to exhibit a reversible CO2-switching performance. The emulsification and viscosity reduction analyses elucidated that a molar ratio of OA/cyclen of 4:1 formed the "pseudo"-tetrameric surfactants, and the emulsions of water and heavy oil with OA/cyclen have good stability and low viscosity and can be destabilized quickly by introducing CO2. The findings reported in this study reveal that it is feasible to prepare CO2-switchable pseudo-tetrameric surfactants with viscosity-reducing properties by simple mixing, thus providing a pathway for the emulsification and demulsification of heavy oil by using the CO2-switchable "pseudo"-oligomeric surfactants.

14.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 1432-1442, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236267

RESUMO

The vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) is considered to be a pivotal target for anti-tumor therapy against angiogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, effective and low-toxicity targeted therapies to inhibit VEGFR2 are still lacking. Here, biRGD-siVEGFR2 conjugate comprising murine VEGFR2 siRNA and [cyclo(Arg-Gly-Asp-D-Phe-Lys)-Ahx]2-Glu-PEG-MAL (biRGD) peptide which selectively binds to integrin αvß3 receptors expressing on neovascularization endothelial cell was synthesized. The anti-tumor activity and renal toxicity of biRGD-siVEGFR2 or its combination therapy with low-dose apatinib were investigated on NSCLC xenografts. The immunogenicity of biRGD-siVEGFR2 was also evaluated in C57BL/6J mice. In vivo, intravenously injected biRGD-siVEGFR2 substantially inhibited NSCLC growth with a marked reduction of vessels and a down-regulation of VEGFR2 in tumor tissue. Furthermore, biRGD-siVEGFR2 in combination with low-dose apatinib achieved powerful anti-tumor effect with less nephrotoxicity compared with the regular dose of apatinib. Besides, no obvious immunogenicity of biRGD-siVEGFR2 was found. These findings demonstrate that biRGD-siVEGFR2 conjugate can be used as a new candidate for the treatment of NSCLC and its combination therapy with apatinib may also provide a novel strategy for cancer treatment in clinic.

15.
Food Funct ; 12(17): 7954-7963, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251375

RESUMO

In this study, the immunomodulatory effect of sea buckthorn (SBT) pulp oil was elucidated in immunosuppressed Balb/c mice induced by cyclophosphamide (CTX). The results showed that SBT pulp oil could reverse the decreasing trend of body weight, thymus/spleen index and hematological parameters induced by CTX. Compared with immunosuppressive mice induced by CTX, SBT pulp oil could enhance NK cytotoxicity, macrophage phagocytosis, and T lymphocyte proliferation, and regulate the proportion of T cell subsets in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), and promote the production of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-12 and TNF-α in the intestines. In addition, SBT pulp oil can promote the production of short fatty acids (SCFAs), increase the diversity of gut microbiota, improve the composition of intestinal flora, increase the abundance of Alistipes, Bacteroides, Anaerotruncus, Lactobacillus, ASF356, and Roseburia, while decreasing the abundance of Mucispirillum, Anaeroplasma, Pelagibacterium, Brevundimonas, Ochrobactrum, Acinetobacter, Ruminiclostridium, Blautia, Ruminiclostridium, Oscillibacter, and Faecalibaculum. This study shows that SBT pulp oil can regulate the diversity and composition of intestinal microflora in CTX-induced immunosuppressive Balb/c mice, thus enhancing the intestinal mucosa and systemic immune response. The results can provide a basis for understanding the function of SBT pulp oil and its application as a new probiotic and immunomodulator.

16.
ISA Trans ; 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238519

RESUMO

This paper describes an adaptive nonsingular fixed-time sliding mode control (ANFSMC) scheme under actuator saturation that can track the trajectory of a robotic manipulator under external disturbances and inertia uncertainties. First, a novel NFSMC that offers rapid convergence and avoids singularities is proposed for ensuring robotic manipulators global approximate fixed-time convergence. An ANFSMC is then developed for which the bound of the coupling uncertainty is not necessary to know in advance. The controller exhibits small absolute tracking errors and consumes little energy. An actuator saturation compensator is designed and shown to minimize the chattering of the system while accelerating the trajectory tracking. The proposed schemes are analyzed using Lyapunov stability theory, and their effectiveness and superiority are demonstrated through numerical simulations.

17.
J Genet Genomics ; 48(7): 595-605, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274258

RESUMO

RNA binding motif proteins (RBMs) have been widely implicated in the tumorigenesis of multiple human cancers but scarcely studied in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Here, we compare the mRNA levels of 29 RBMs between 87 NPC and 10 control samples. We find that RBM47 is frequently upregulated in NPC specimens, and its high expression is associated with the poor prognosis of patients with NPC. Biological experiments show that RBM47 plays an oncogenic role in NPC cells. Mechanically, RBM47 binds to the promoter and regulates the transcription of BCAT1, and its overexpression partially rescues the inhibitory effects of RBM47-knockdown on NPC cells. Moreover, transcriptome analysis reveals that RBM47 regulates alternative splicing of pre-mRNA, including those cancer-related, to a large extent in NPC cells. Furthermore, RBM47 binds to hnRNPM and cooperatively regulates multiple splicing events in NPC cells. In addition, we find that knockdown of hnRNPM inhibits proliferation and migration of NPC cells. Our study, taken together, shows that RBM47 promotes the progression of NPC through multiple pathways, acting as a transcriptional factor and a modulator of alternative splicing in cooperation with hnRNPM. Our study also highlights that RBM47 and hnRNPM could be prognostic factors and potential therapeutic targets for NPC.

18.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(10): 1619-1627, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) with those of patients with essential hypertension (EH) and healthy controls (HCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 35 patients with PA, in addition to 35 age- and sex-matched patients with EH, and 35 age- and sex-matched HCs, all of whom underwent comprehensive clinical and cardiac MRI examinations. The analysis of variance was used to detect the differences in the characteristics of left ventricular remodeling among the three groups. Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationships between left ventricular remodeling and the physiological variables. RESULTS: The left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (EDVi) (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: 85.1 ± 13.0 mL/m² for PA, 75.9 ± 14.3 mL/m² for EH, and 77.3 ± 12.8 mL/m² for HC; p = 0.010), left ventricular end-systolic volume index (ESVi) (mean ± SD: 35.2 ± 9.8 mL/m² for PA, 30.7 ± 8.1 mL/m² for EH, and 29.5 ± 7.0 mL/m² for HC; p = 0.013), left ventricular mass index (mean ± SD: 65.8 ± 16.5 g/m² for PA, 56.9 ± 12.1 g/m² for EH, and 44.1 ± 8.9 g/m² for HC; p < 0.001), and native T1 (mean ± SD: 1224 ± 39 ms for PA, 1201 ± 47 ms for EH, and 1200 ± 44 ms for HC; p = 0.041) values were higher in the PA group compared to the EH and HC groups. Multivariable linear regression demonstrated that log (plasma aldosterone-to-renin ratio) was independently correlated with EDVi and ESVi. Plasma aldosterone was independently correlated with native T1. CONCLUSION: Patients with PA showed a greater degree of ventricular hypertrophy and enlargement, as well as myocardial fibrosis, compared to those with EH. Cardiac MRI T1 mapping can detect left ventricular myocardial fibrosis in patients with PA.


Assuntos
Hiperaldosteronismo , Hipertensão , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos , Remodelação Ventricular
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3358-3365, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212661

RESUMO

Total heavy metal concentration, heavy metal nanoparticle concentration, particle size, and the removal effect of different treatment unit processes on heavy metals and heavy metal nanoparticles were analyzed in this study. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SP-ICP-MS) were applied in nine treatment units performing continuous wastewater treatment processes in the Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport sewage treatment plant. Results showed that different treatment unit processes had different effects on the removal of different total heavy metal elements, with the effects on Fe being the most significant; Fe was mainly removed in the secondary sedimentation tank at a rate of 98.53%. The removal effects of different heavy metal nanoparticles varied in different treatment unit processes, with the effects of Ni, Pd, and Fe being the most significant. Heavy metal nanoparticles removal varied by treatment unit processes (aeration grit tank, secondary sedimentation tank, and high-efficiency sedimentation tank). The particle size distribution of heavy metal nanoparticles in different treatment unit processes was 23.28-147.83 nm, and different treatment unit processes did not have a significant impact on the particle size of each heavy metal nanoparticle. In addition, pH exhibited a significant negative correlation with Fe and Fe nanoparticles. Excluding Fe and Fe nanoparticles, other heavy metals and their nanoparticles were not significantly related; thus, different processing unit processes exhibited different removal mechanisms for heavy metals and their corresponding nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Metais Pesados , Purificação da Água , Tamanho da Partícula , Esgotos
20.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 2928-2940, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167437

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to identify hub genes closely related to the pathogenesis and prognosis of thyroid carcinoma (THCA) by integrated bioinformatics analysis. In this study, through differential gene expression analysis, 1916 and 665 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and 7 and 11 co-expressed modules were identified from the TCGA-THCA and GSE153659 datasets, respectively, by weighted gene co-expression network analysis. We identified 162 overlapping genes between the DEGs and co-expression module genes as candidate hub genes. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses of the 162 overlapping DEGs identified significant functions and pathways of THCA, such as thyroid hormone generation and metabolic process. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis detected the top 10 hub genes (QSOX1, WFS1, EVA1A, FSTL3, CHRDL1, FABP4, PRDM16, PPARGC1A, PPARG, COL23A1). Finally, survival analysis, clinical correlation analysis, and protein abundance validation confirmed that 3 of the 10 hub genes were associated with survival prognosis of patients with THCA, and 8 of them were associated with the clinical stages of THCA. In summary, we identified hub genes and key modules that were closely related to THCA, and validated these genes by survival analysis, clinical correlation analysis, and Human Protein Atlas image analysis. Our results provide important information that will help to elucidate the pathogenesis of THCA and identify novel candidate prognostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets.

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