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Neuron ; 94(6): 1155-1172.e8, 2017 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28641114


The formation of functional synapses requires coordinated assembly of presynaptic transmitter release machinery and postsynaptic trafficking of functional receptors and scaffolds. Here, we demonstrate a critical role of presynaptic cadherin/catenin cell adhesion complexes in stabilizing functional synapses and spines in the developing neocortex. Importantly, presynaptic expression of stabilized ß-catenin in either layer (L) 4 excitatory neurons or L2/3 pyramidal neurons significantly upregulated excitatory synaptic transmission and dendritic spine density in L2/3 pyramidal neurons, while its sparse postsynaptic expression in L2/3 neurons had no such effects. In addition, presynaptic ß-catenin expression enhanced release probability of glutamatergic synapses. Newly identified ß-catenin-interacting protein p140Cap is required in the presynaptic locus for mediating these effects. Together, our results demonstrate that cadherin/catenin complexes stabilize functional synapses and spines through anterograde signaling in the neocortex and provide important molecular evidence for a driving role of presynaptic components in spinogenesis in the neocortex.

Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Espinhas Dendríticas/metabolismo , Neocórtex/metabolismo , Terminações Pré-Sinápticas/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neocórtex/embriologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Ratos , Sinapses/metabolismo
Cell Res ; 27(2): 253-273, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106075


Neurite initiation is critical for neuronal morphogenesis and early neural circuit development. Recent studies showed that local actin aggregation underneath the cell membrane determined the site of neurite initiation. An immediately arising question is what signaling mechanism initiated actin aggregation. Here we demonstrate that local clustering of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PI(3,4)P2), a phospholipid with relatively few known signaling functions, is necessary and sufficient for aggregating actin and promoting neuritogenesis. In contrast, the related and more extensively studied phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate or phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3) molecules did not have such functions. Specifically, we showed that beads coated with PI(3,4)P2 promoted actin aggregation and neurite initiation, while pharmacological interference with PI(3,4)P2 synthesis inhibited both processes. PI(3,4)P2 clustering occurred even when actin aggregation was pharmacologically blocked, demonstrating that PI(3,4)P2 functioned as the upstream signaling molecule. Two enzymes critical for PI(3,4)P2 generation, namely, SH2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase and class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase α, were complementarily and non-redundantly required for actin aggregation and neuritogenesis, as well as for subsequent dendritogenesis. Finally, we demonstrate that neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein and the Arp2/3 complex functioned downstream of PI(3,4)P2 to mediate neuritogenesis and dendritogenesis. Together, our results identify PI(3,4)P2 as an important signaling molecule during early development and demonstrate its critical role in regulating actin aggregation and neuritogenesis.

Actinas/metabolismo , Dendritos/metabolismo , Neuritos/metabolismo , Neurogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatos de Fosfatidilinositol/farmacologia , Agregados Proteicos , Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/metabolismo , Animais , Dendritos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Neuritos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol-3,4,5-Trifosfato 5-Fosfatases/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína da Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/metabolismo
Cell ; 162(4): 808-22, 2015 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26255771


Dendritic spines are postsynaptic compartments of excitatory synapses that undergo dynamic changes during development, including rapid spinogenesis in early postnatal life and significant pruning during adolescence. Spine pruning defects have been implicated in developmental neurological disorders such as autism, yet much remains to be uncovered regarding its molecular mechanism. Here, we show that spine pruning and maturation in the mouse somatosensory cortex are coordinated via the cadherin/catenin cell adhesion complex and bidrectionally regulated by sensory experience. We further demonstrate that locally enhancing cadherin/catenin-dependent adhesion or photo-stimulating a contacting channelrhodopsin-expressing axon stabilized the manipulated spine and eliminated its neighbors, an effect requiring cadherin/catenin-dependent adhesion. Importantly, we show that differential cadherin/catenin-dependent adhesion between neighboring spines biased spine fate in vivo. These results suggest that activity-induced inter-spine competition for ß-catenin provides specificity for concurrent spine maturation and elimination and thus is critical for the molecular control of spine pruning during neural circuit refinement.

Caderinas/metabolismo , Cateninas/metabolismo , Espinhas Dendríticas/metabolismo , Córtex Somatossensorial/citologia , Animais , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Caderinas/genética , Cateninas/genética , Camundongos , Complexos Multiproteicos/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Córtex Somatossensorial/metabolismo , Vibrissas/lesões
Dev Neurobiol ; 75(8): 805-22, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25424568


The morphology of the dendritic tree is critical to neuronal function and neural circuit wiring. Several Wnt family members have been demonstrated to play important roles in dendrite development. However, the Wnt receptors responsible for mediating this process remain largely elusive. Using primary hippocampal neuronal cultures as a model system, we report that Frizzled4 (Fzd4), a member of the Fzd family of Wnt receptors, specifically signals downstream of Wnt5a to promote dendrite branching and growth. Interestingly, the less conserved distal PDZ binding motif of Fzd4, and not its conserved proximal Dvl-interacting PDZ motif, is required for mediating this effect. We further showed that Dvl signaled parallel to and independent of Fzd4 in promoting dendrite growth. Unlike most previously described pathways, Wnt5a/Fzd4 signaling promoted dendrite development in an activity-independent and autocrine fashion. Together, these results provide the first identification of a Wnt receptor for regulating dendrite development in the mammalian system, and demonstrate a novel function of the distal PDZ motif of Fzd4 in dendrite morphogenesis, thereby expanding our knowledge of the complex roles of Wnt signaling in neural development.

Dendritos/fisiologia , Receptores Frizzled/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Proteína 4 Homóloga a Disks-Large , Guanilato Quinases/metabolismo , Hipocampo/citologia , Hipocampo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Hipocampo/fisiologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Proteína Wnt-5a