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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833407

RESUMO

Stratifin (SFN) is a member of the 14-3-3 family of highly conserved soluble acidic proteins, which regulates a variety of cellular activities such as cell cycle, cell growth and development, cell survival and death, and gene transcription. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is prevalent disorder characterized by inflammatory response, oxidative stress, and programmed cell death in renal tubular epithelial cells, but there is still a lack of effective therapeutic target for AKI. In this study, we investigated the role of SFN in AKI and the underlying mechanisms. We established ischemic and nephrotoxic AKI mouse models caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and cisplatin, respectively. We conducted proteomic and immunohistochemical analyses and found that SFN expression levels were significantly increased in AKI patients, cisplatin- or I/R-induced AKI mice. In cisplatin- or hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated human proximal tubule epithelial cells (HK2), we showed that knockdown of SFN significantly reduced the expression of kidney injury marker Kim-1, attenuated programmed cell death and inflammatory response. Knockdown of SFN also significantly alleviated the decline of renal function and histological damage in cisplatin-caused AKI mice in vivo. We further revealed that SFN bound to RIPK3, a key signaling modulator in necroptosis, to induce necroptosis and the subsequent inflammation in cisplatin- or H/R-treated HK2 cells. Overexpression of SFN increased Kim-1 protein levels in cisplatin-treated MTEC cells, which was suppressed by RIPK3 knockout. Taken together, our results demonstrate that SFN that enhances cisplatin- or I/R-caused programmed cell death and inflammation via interacting with RIPK3 may serve as a promising therapeutic target for AKI treatment.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836087

RESUMO

Deficient maturations of mitochondrial transcripts are linked to clinical abnormalities but their pathophysiology remains elusive. Previous investigations showed that pathogenic variants in MTO1 for the biosynthesis of τm5U of tRNAGlu, tRNAGln, tRNALys, tRNATrp and tRNALeu(UUR) were associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Using mto1 knock-out(KO) zebrafish generated by CRISPR/Cas9 system, we demonstrated the pleiotropic effects of Mto1 deficiency on mitochondrial RNA maturations. The perturbed structure and stability of tRNAs caused by mto1 deletion were evidenced by conformation changes and sensitivity to S1-mediated digestion of tRNAGln, tRNALys, tRNATrp and tRNALeu(UUR). Notably, mto1KO zebrafish exhibited the global decreases in the aminoacylation of mitochondrial tRNAs with the taurine modification. Strikingly, ablated mto1 mediated the expression of MTPAP and caused the altered polyadenylation of cox1, cox3, and nd1 mRNAs. Immunoprecipitation assay indicated the interaction of MTO1 with MTPAP related to mRNA polyadenylation. These alterations impaired mitochondrial translation and reduced activities of oxidative phosphorylation complexes. These mitochondria dysfunctions caused heart development defects and hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes and myocardial fiber disarray in ventricles. These cardiac defects in the mto1KO zebrafish recapitulated the clinical phenotypes in HCM patients carrying the MTO1 mutation(s). Our findings highlighted the critical role of MTO1 in mitochondrial transcript maturation and their pathological consequences in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

3.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870985

RESUMO

The excessive use of antibiotics has led to a rise in drug-resistant bacteria. These "superbugs" are continuously emerging and becoming increasingly harder to treat. As a result, new and effective treatment protocols that have minimal risks of generating drug-resistant bacteria are urgently required. Advanced nanomaterials are particularly promising due to their drug loading/releasing capabilities combined with their potential photodynamic/photothermal therapeutic properties. In this review, 0-dimensional, 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, and 3-dimensional nanomaterial-based systems are comprehensively discussed for bacterial-based diagnostic and treatment applications. Since the use of these platforms as antibacterials is relatively new, this review will provide appropriate insight into their construction and applications. As such, we hope this review will inspire researchers to explore antibacterial-based nanomaterials with the aim of developing systems for clinical applications.

4.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(4): 420-425, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855824

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effectivenesss of simple lateral extensor digitorum communis (EDC) split approach combined with loop-plate fixation in the treatment of ulnar coronoid fracture in terrible triad of elbow (TTE). Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients with TTE who met the selection criteria between January 2015 and May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 48 males and 12 females, aged from 18 to 60 years (mean, 37.4 years). All the patients were closed fractures. Injury causes included fall injury in 28 cases, falling from height in 20 cases, and traffic accident injury in 12 cases. All patients had no vascular and nerve injury, and the time from injury to operation was 1-14 days, with an average of 4.8 days. The height and size of the fracture of the coronal process were measured by CT and accurate classifications were made. All the 60 patients were treated with simple lateral EDC split approach combined with loop-plate to fix the ulnar coronoid fracture; 20 patients of radial head fracture were fixed with hollow screw, 32 patients with mini-plate fixation, 8 patients with radial head prosthesis replacement; 16 patients with suture and 44 patients with suture anchor to reconstruct lateral collateral ligament complex; 10 patients with residual instability of elbow joint were fixed with hinge external fixator, and others were fixed with adjustable tension brace after operation. Postoperative imaging examination was performed to evaluate fracture healing and complications, such as loosening or breakage of internal fixator, osteoarthritis, and heterotopic ossification, etc. During follow-up, the range of motion (ROM) of the elbow joint was recorded, including elbow flexion, extension, and forearm pronation, supination. Mayo elbow function score system (MEPS) was used to evaluate elbow joint function at last follow-up. Results: All patients were followed up 16-24 months (mean, 20.2 months). All incisions healed by first intention after operation, and no complications such as vascular nerve injury, elbow joint instability, internal fixation failure, and infection occurred; the fracture healing time was 9-17 weeks (mean, 11.7 weeks). Four cases developed elbow stiffness after operation, and all underwent elbow joint lysis with internal fixator removal within 12-15 months after operation; 10 cases developed heterotopic ossification without special treatment. At last follow-up, the ROM of elbow flexion ranged from 85° to 135° (mean, 116°), the ROM of elbow extension ranged from 0° to 20° (mean, 11°), the ROM of forearm pronation ranged from 55° to 75° (mean, 70°), and the ROM of forearm supination ranged from 60° to 90° (mean, 83°). The MEPS score ranged from 55 to 100 (mean, 86.1); the effectiveness were excellent in 40 patients, good in 10 patients, fair in 6 patients, and poor in 4 patients, with an excellent and good rate of 83.3%. Conclusion: The simple lateral EDC split approach is fully exposed, and the loop-plate can fix the ulnar coronoid fractures firmly and stably, which can restore the stability of the elbow joint, and the effectiveness is satisfactory.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Luxações Articulares , Fraturas do Rádio , Fraturas da Ulna , Idoso , Cotovelo , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas da Ulna/cirurgia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864544

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-negative bacterium, designated strain SM1970T, was isolated from a seawater sample collected from the Mariana Trench. Strain SM1970T grew at 15-37 oC and with 1-5% (w/v) NaCl. It hydrolyzed colloidal chitin, agar and casein but did not reduce nitrate to nitrite. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SM1970T formed a distinct lineage close to the genus Catenovulum within the family Alteromonadaceae, sharing the highest sequence similarity (93.6%) with type strain of Catenovulum maritimum but < 93.0% sequence similarity with those of other known species in the class Gammaproteobacteria. The major fatty acids of strain SM1970T were summed feature 3 (C16: 1 ω7c and/or C16: 1 ω6c), C16: 0 and summed feature 8 (C18: 1 ω7c and/or C18: 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids of the strain included phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol and its main respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8. The draft genome of strain SM1970T consisted of 77 scaffolds and was 4,172,146 bp in length, containing a complete set of genes for chitin degradation. The average amino acid identity (AAI) values between SM1970T and type strains of known Catenovulum species were 56.6-57.1% while the percentage of conserved proteins (POCP) values between them were 28.5-31.5%. The genomic DNA G + C content of strain SM1970T was 40.1 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic analysis, strain SM1970T is considered to represent a novel species in a novel genus of the family Alteromonadaceae, for which the name Marinifaba aquimaris is proposed with the type strain being SM1970T (= MCCC 1K04323T = KCTC 72844T).

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 653356, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796116

RESUMO

Background: Pemphigus is a rare but life-threatening autoimmune skin disease characterized by blistering on skin and/or mucous membranes. The physiological process of blister formation involves IgG antibodies against the desmogleins (Dsgs) and desmocollins (Dscs). Additional autoAbs have also been suggested to mediate the disease heterogeneity, such as anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) and antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg) antibodies, the essential culprits of the immune system in autoimmune thyroid diseases. Purpose: To investigate the levels and antibody positivity of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies in pemphigus patients. Methods: Antibody positivity and levels of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies in pemphigus patients as compared to healthy controls were examined. A meta-analysis was conducted by reviewing six similar studies. Results: 98 Chinese pemphigus patients and 65 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Our meta-analysis revealed a significant correlation between increased presence of positive anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies and pemphigus, particularly for pemphigus vulgaris (PV). Such correlation was also observed in our own hospitalized PV patients, but not in pemphigus foliaceus (PF) patients. In addition, the status of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies were also compared between females and males within PV patients, PF patients or controls, as well as compared for females or males between pemphigus patients and controls. In the analysis of T cell counts, we found abnormal low CD3 + T cell counts (< 690 n/µl) were only detected in patients whose thyroid antibody levels were less than 20 IU/ml. Conclusion: Pemphigus patients showed higher levels and antibody positivity of anti-TPO and anti-Tg antibodies than healthy controls. Further investigations are needed to identify the pathogenic functions of these antibodies in pemphigus, as well as to identify the potential shared susceptibility genes.

7.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-3, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33843396

RESUMO

We report a novel mutation on the ß-globin gene, Hb Hezhou [ß64(E8)Gly→Ser; HBB: c.193G>A] that was detected in two unrelated Chinese individuals. Patient 1 also carried an α+-thalassemia (α+-thal) -α4.2 (leftward) deletion, but hematological analyses showed no clinical consequences. Patient 2 was heterozygous for Hb Hezhou. Hemoglobin (Hb) analysis was performed using capillary electrophoresis (CE) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The Hb variant remained undetected using HPLC, while an additional peak was detected by CE. The finding of Hb Hezhou indicates that the possibilities of rare Hb variants should be alerted in the thalassemia screening program and precisely diagnosed depending on the Hb separation technique used.

8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 335-8, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798321

RESUMO

It is to determine the effect mechanism and therapeutic method of the idea as "guiding meridian sinew qi along with meridian running course" for meridian sinew disorders so as to provide the reference for clinical treatment of these disorders. "Guiding meridian sinew qi along with meridian running course" is the summary for the approach to meridian sinew disorders by YANG Shang-shan, recorded in Huangdi Mingtang Jing (The Yellow Emperor's Acupoints Canon of Mingtang ), but the concrete statement on it had been lost. By investigating the existing ancient works, the authors discussed the specific meaning of jinqi (meridian sinew qi ), the relationship between jingjin (meridian sinew) and jingmai (meridian), the method of "guiding meridian sinew qi along with meridian running course" and its preferable acupoint selection for treatment of meridian sinew disorders with both the primary and the secondary considered.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Corrida , Pontos de Acupuntura , Qi
9.
J Int Med Res ; 49(4): 3000605211002999, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Newborn screening (NBS) programs benefit tens of millions of infants worldwide each year. However, the extremely large screening populations and number of laboratories involved pose great challenges to maintaining high screening quality. To achieve continuous quality improvement, we established a comprehensive quality management system (CQMS) in southwest China. METHODS: External quality assessment (EQA) and internal quality control were carried out for basic quality management. We used 16 quality indicators (QIs) to monitor the entire screening process, with external supervision from the China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment. All retrospective data for quality assessment were collected consecutively from laboratory management and patient follow-up systems. RESULTS: From 2015 to 2019, satisfactory EQA performance was achieved, with an average score greater than 97 for each screening item. QI monitoring showed that NBS quality improved continuously. The rate of health education provision increased from 90.9% to 100% and the recall rate after a positive primary screening increased from 85.4% to 99.2%. The unsatisfactory specimen rate and rate of newborns lost to follow-up decreased to 0.38% and 0.08%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing a CQMS and monitoring the whole screening process using QIs may yield continuous quality improvement of NBS.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e2008557, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709446

RESUMO

The ability to manipulate water and oil phases in a designable manner is of great significance in widespread fields from art paintings to materials science. However, achieving precise and stable surface patterns for two immiscible phases of water and oil remains a challenge. Herein, a general wetting-enabled-transfer (WET) strategy is reported to construct discretionary shape-defined surface patterns of organohydrogels along with their monolithic formation either from flat to curved surfaces or from the microscale to the macroscale. Locally differentiated wettability induces hydrophilic monomers and hydrophobic monomers from an emulsion system onto the wettability-matching regions of the prepatterned substrates, subsequently forming corresponding hydrogel and organogel patterns on the organohydrogel surface after in situ photopolymerization. The precision of the surface patterns can be controlled by optimizing the gel monomers, emulsion droplet size, and surface chemical composition of the prepatterned substrates. This finding may provide a feasible strategy for precisely patterning functional materials from two-immiscible-phase systems.

11.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779890

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder associated with both genetic and environmental risks. Neuroimaging approaches have been widely employed to parse the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying ASD, and provide critical insights into the anatomical, functional, and neurochemical changes. We reviewed recent advances in neuroimaging studies that focused on ASD by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), or single-positron emission tomography (SPECT). Longitudinal structural MRI has delineated an abnormal developmental trajectory of ASD that is associated with cascading neurobiological processes, and functional MRI has pointed to disrupted functional neural networks. Meanwhile, PET and SPECT imaging have revealed that metabolic and neurotransmitter abnormalities may contribute to shaping the aberrant neural circuits of ASD. Future large-scale, multi-center, multimodal investigations are essential to elucidate the neurophysiological underpinnings of ASD, and facilitate the development of novel diagnostic biomarkers and better-targeted therapy.

12.
Vet Med Sci ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Litter size is an important factor that significantly affects the development of the sheep industry. Our previous TMT proteomics analysis found that three key proteins in the ovarian steroidogenesis pathway, STAR, HSD3B1, and CYP11A1, may affect the litter size trait of Small Tail Han sheep. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to better understand the relationship between polymorphisms of these three genes and litter size. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Sequenom MassARRAY detected genetic variance of the three genes in 768 sheep. Real-time qPCR of the three genes was used to compare their expression in monotocous and polytocous sheep in relevant tissues. Finally, bioinformatics analysis predicted the protein sequences of the different SNP variants. RESULT: Association analysis showed that there was a significant difference in litter size among the genotypes at two loci of the CYP11A1 gene (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was observed in litter size among all genotypes at all loci of the STAR and HSD3B1 genes (p > 0.05). However, STAR expression was significantly different in polytocous and monotocous sheep in the pituitary (p < 0.01). Tissue-specific expression in the ovary was observed for HSD3B1 (p < 0.05), but its expression was not different between polytocous and monotocous sheep. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the g.33217408C > T mutation of CYP11A1 resulted in major changes to the secondary and tertiary structures. In contrast, gene polymorphisms in STAR and HSD3B1 had minimal impacts on their protein structures. DISCUSSION: This may explain why the CYP11A1 variant impacted litter size while the others did not. The single nucleotide polymorphism of the CYP11A1 gene would serve as a good molecular marker when breeding to increase litter size in sheep. Our study provides a basis for further revealing the function of the ovarian steroidogenesis pathway in sheep reproduction and sheep breeding.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782795

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, SM1969T and SM1979T, were isolated from coastal surface seawater of Qingdao, China. They were taxonomically characterized by the phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic analyses. The two strains shared 97.0% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with each other and the highest similarity (96.8-97.5%) with type strains of six species in the genera Shimia, Tritonibacter and Tropicibacter in the Roseobacter group of the family Rhodobacteraceae. In the phylogenetic tree based on single-copy orthologous clusters (OCs), both strains clustered with known species of the genus Tritonibacter and together formed a separate branch adjacent to Tritonibacter ulvae. Although sharing many chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, the two strains could be differentiated from each other and closely related species by numerous traits. Particularly, strain SM1969T was found to have a DMSP lyase coding gene dddW in its genome and have the ability to produce DMS from DMSP while strain SM1979T was not. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains SM1969T and SM1979T and type strains of closely related species were all below the thresholds to discriminate bacterial species, demonstrating that they constitute two new species in the genus Tritonibacter. The names Tritonibacter aquimaris sp. nov. and Tritonibacter litoralis sp. nov. are proposed for the two new species, with type strains being SM1969T (= MCCC 1K04320T = KCTC 72843T) and SM1979T (= MCCC 1K04321T = KCTC 72842T), respectively.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 3379-3386, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784110

RESUMO

The reaction of Criegee intermediates with water vapor has been widely known as a key Criegee reaction in the troposphere. Herein, we investigated the reaction of the smallest Criegee intermediate, CH2OO, with a water cluster through fragment-based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ level. Our results show that the CH2OO-water reaction could occur not only at the air/water interface but also inside the water cluster. Moreover, more than one reactive water molecules are required for the CH2OO-water reaction, which is always initiated from the Criegee carbon atom and ends at the terminal Criegee oxygen atom via a directional proton transfer process. The observed reaction pathways include the loop-structure-mediated and stepwise mechanisms, and the latter involves the formation of transient H3O+. The lifetime of transient H3O+ is on the order of a few picoseconds, which may impact the atmospheric budget of the other trace gases in the actual atmosphere.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 621161, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786038

RESUMO

Collagens from marine animals are an important component of marine organic nitrogen. Collagenase-producing bacteria and their collagenases play important roles in collagen degradation and organic nitrogen recycling in the ocean. However, only a few collagenase-producing marine bacteria have been so far discovered. Here, we reported the isolation and characterization of a collagenase-secreting bacterium, designated strain SM1988T, isolated from a green alga Codium fragile sample. Strain SM1988T is a Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-, and catalase-positive, unipolar flagellated, and rod-shaped bacterium capable of hydrolyzing casein, gelatin and collagens. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain SM1988T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage along with known genera within the family Pseudoalteromonadaceae, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity being less than 93.3% to all known species in the family. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain SM1988T was considered to represent a novel species in a novel genus in the family Pseudoalteromonadaceae, for which the name Flocculibacter collagenilyticus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain being SM1988T (= MCCC 1K04279T = KCTC 72761T). Strain SM1988T showed a high production of extracellular collagenases, which had high activity against both bovine collagen and codfish collagen. Biochemical tests combined with genome and secretome analyses indicated that the collagenases secreted by strain SM1988T are serine proteases from the MEROPS S8 family. These data suggest that strain SM1988T acts as an important player in marine collagen degradation and recycling and may have a promising potential in collagen resource utilization.

16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6621644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728021

RESUMO

Fatty liver disease (FLD), including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD), is a serious chronic metabolic disease that affects a wide range of people. Lipid accumulation accompanied by oxidative stress and inflammation in the liver is the most important pathogenesis of FLD. The plant-based, high-fiber, and low-fat diet has been recommended to manage FLD for a long time. This review discusses the current state of the art into the effects, mechanisms, and clinical application of plant-based foods in NAFLD and AFLD, with highlighting related molecular mechanisms. Epidemiological evidence revealed that the consumption of several plant-based foods was beneficial to alleviating FLD. Further experimental studies found out that fruits, spices, teas, coffee, and other plants, as well as their bioactive compounds, such as resveratrol, anthocyanin, curcumin, and tea polyphenols, could alleviate FLD by ameliorating hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, inflammation, gut dysbiosis, and apoptosis, as well as regulating autophagy and ethanol metabolism. More importantly, clinical trials confirmed the beneficial effects of plant-based foods on patients with fatty liver. However, several issues need to be further studied especially the safety and effective doses of plant-based foods and their bioactive compounds. Overall, certain plant-based foods are promising natural sources of bioactive compounds to prevent and alleviate fatty liver disease.

17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 168: 6-15, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781892

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are highly associated with oxidative stress. We have recently shown that Disconnected-interacting protein homolog 2 A (DIP2A) functions in ASD pathophysiology by regulating cortactin acetylation for spine development and synaptic transmission. However, its role is not fully understood in the context of its abundant expression in mitochondria. In this paper, we found that DIP2A was involved in superoxide dismutase (SOD)-mediated antioxidative reactions. In mice, DIP2A knockout inhibited SOD activity and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in the cerebral cortex. In vitro gain-of-function experiments further confirmed the positive role of DIP2A in scavenging ROS upon oxidative stress. Moreover, DIP2A knockout caused irregular mitochondrial morphology in the cerebral cortex and impaired mitochondrial metabolism with an over consumption of lipids for energy supply. Taken together, these results revealed unrecognized functions of DIP2A in antioxidative protection, providing another possible explanation for DIP2A-mediated ASD pathophysiology.

18.
Cell Prolif ; : e13026, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previously, our investigations demonstrated robust pro-angiogenic potentials of extracellular vesicles secreted by periodontitis-compromised dental pulp stem cells (P-EVs) when compared to those from healthy DPSCs (H-EVs), but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) specifically found in P-EVs (compared with H-EVs) were identified by Agilent miRNA microarray analysis, and the roles of the candidate miRNA in P-EV-enhanced cell angiogenesis were confirmed by cell transfection and RNA interference methods. Next, the direct binding affinity between the candidate miRNA and its target gene was evaluated by luciferase reporter assay. CCK-8, transwell/scratch wound healing and tube formation assays were established to investigate the proliferation, migration, and tube formation abilities of endothelial cells (ECs). Western blot was employed to measure the protein levels of Hedgehog/Gli1 signalling pathway components and angiogenesis-related factors. RESULTS: The angiogenesis-related miRNA miR-378a was found to be enriched in P-EVs, and its role in P-EV-enhanced cell angiogenesis was confirmed, wherein Sufu was identified as a downstream target gene of miR-378a. Functionally, silencing of Sufu stimulated EC proliferation, migration and tube formation by activating Hedgehog/Gli1 signalling. Further, we found that incubation with P-EVs enabled the transmission of P-EV-contained miR-378a to ECs. Subsequently, the expressions of Sufu, Gli1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in ECs were significantly influenced by P-EV-mediated miR-378a transmission. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that P-EVs carrying miR-378a promote EC angiogenesis by downregulating Sufu to activate the Hedgehog/Gli1 signalling pathway. Our findings reveal a crucial role for EV-derived miR-378a in cell angiogenesis and hence offer a new target for modifying stem cells and their secreted EVs to enhance vessel regenerative potential.

19.
Biomaterials ; 271: 120753, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725585

RESUMO

Oral administration of protein is very challenging for therapeutic applications due to its instability and easy degradation in the gastrointestinal tract. Herein, we reported an approach to encapsulate native anti-inflammatory proteins in wind chimes like cyclodextrin (WCC) for efficient oral protein delivery. The amphiphilic WCC can self-assemble into nanoparticles in aqueous solution and achieve superior encapsulation of two antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) by simply mixing with protein solution, avoiding any extra cumbersome steps that might inactivate protein. WCC nanovehicles can effectively protect enzyme activity and enhance their intracellular delivery. SOD and CAT co-loaded WCC nanoparticles (SC/WCC) can integrate the synergistic effect of SOD and CAT for enhancing the removal of reactive oxygen species (ROS), effectively inhibit the inflammatory response by reducing the secretion of proinflammatory factors and protect cells from ROS-induced oxidative damage. In the mouse colitis model, SC/WCC administered orally was able to efficiently accumulate in the inflamed colon, significantly inhibited the expression of proinflammatory mediators and notably alleviated the symptoms related to colitis. Therefore, we believe that the strategies we described here may provide a convenient and powerful platform for the treatment of other inflammatory diseases.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661622

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are the appropriate alternatives to lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) for the large-scale energy storage applications because of the abundant resources and wide distribution of sodium on earth. O3-NaCrO2 is a promising cathode material for SIBs due to its stable structure and low-cost raw materials. In this paper, we design and synthesize a powder consisting of submicrometer-sized O3-NaCrO2 spheres (s-NaCrO2) self-assembled with nanoflakes, which exhibits faster ion migration ability and strong structure robustness. The galvanostatic intermittent titration technique test reveals the higher apparent Na+ diffusion coefficient of s-NaCrO2 when compared with a normal NaCrO2 powder with an irregular particle morphology. The s-NaCrO2 shows impressive electrochemical properties with a capacity of 90 mAh g-1 at 50 C. In addition, outstanding cycling stability is shown when tested at 20 C, where a capacity of 90 mAh g-1 is maintained with a retention of 87% after 1500 cycles. Also, s-NaCrO2 is advantageous at high (50 °C) and low (-10 °C) temperatures. The full cells assembled employing Sb/C as the anode exhibit good rate capability with 85 mAh g-1 obtained at 50 C.

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