Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323669

RESUMO

We report on a supramolecular sensor array using fluorogenic peptide probes and graphene oxide that can target glycoproteins on a viral caspid, facilitating the differentiation of ebola virus from marburg virus and receptor-extensive vesicular stomatitis virus using principal component analysis.

2.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226991

RESUMO

Central nervous system (CNS) neurodegeneration is defined by a complex series of pathological processes that ultimately lead to death. The precise etiology of these disorders remains unknown. Recent efforts show that a mechanistic understanding of the malfunctions underpinning disease progression will prove requisite in developing new treatments and cures. Transition metals and lanthanide ions display unique characteristics (i.e., magnetism, radioactivity, and luminescence), often with biological relevance, allowing for direct application in CNS focused imaging modalities. These techniques include positron emission tomography (PET), single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and luminescent-based imaging (LumI). In this Tutorial Review, we have aimed to highlight the various metal-based imaging techniques developed in the effort to understand the pathophysiological processes associated with neurodegeneration. Each section has been divided so as to include an introduction to the particular imaging technique in question. This is then followed by a summary of key demonstrations that have enabled visualization of a specific neuropathological biomarker. These strategies have either exploited the high binding affinity of a receptor for its corresponding biomarker or a specific molecular transformation caused by a target species, all of which produce a concomitant change in diagnostic signal. Advantages and disadvantages of each method with perspectives on the utility of molecular imaging agents for understanding the complexities of neurodegenerative disease are discussed.

3.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 1375-1396, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110039

RESUMO

Background: Epidermal growth factor-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 2 (EFEMP2), also known as fibulin-4, MBP1 and UPH1, is an extracellular matrix protein associated with a variety of tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value and the function of EFEMP2 in lung cancer. Methods: The mRNA and protein expression of EFEMP2 in lung normal and cancer tissues, lung cancer cell lines (A549, H460, H1299 and H1650) and normal epithelial cell line BEAS-2B were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and Western blotting. The Public databases (Oncomine and Kaplan-Meier plotter) were used to investigate the prognostic value of EFEMP2 in lung cancer. RNA interference (RNAi) and overexpression transfection were performed to detect the effects of EFEMP2 up- or down-regulation on lung normal and cancer cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Results: EFEMP2 was lowly expressed in lung cancer tissues and cells, and its low expression was associated with malignant phenotype and poor prognosis of lung cancer. The same conclusion had been drawn from the Public databases. EFEMP2 overexpression significantly inhibited the invasion of lung cancer cells, hampered the process of EMT, and decreased the expression and activity of MMP2 and MMP9, while EFEMP2 knockdown remarkably enhanced the invasion of lung cancer cells, promoted EMT, and increased the expression and activity of MMP2 and MMP9. Conclusion: The low expression of EFEMP2 was detected in lung cancer and was positively correlated with the poor prognosis of patients. EFEMP2 was a tumor suppressor gene that inhibited the progress of lung cancer, which suggested a new research objective for the future studies.

4.
Chem Soc Rev ; 49(2): 593-641, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915764

RESUMO

Glycoconjugates and their applications as lectin ligands in biology have been thoroughly investigated in the past decades. Meanwhile, the intrinsic properties of such multivalent molecules were limited essentially to their ability to bind to their receptors with high selectivity and/or avidity. The present review will focus on multivalent glycoconjugates displaying an additional capability such as fluorescence properties not only for applications toward imaging of cancer cells and detection of proteins or pathogens but also for drug delivery systems toward targeted cancer therapy. This review is a collection of research articles discussed in the context of the structural features of fluorescent glycoconjugates organized according to their fluorescent core scaffold and with their representative applications.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Glicoconjugados/química , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Fluorescência , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(4): 664, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31848536

RESUMO

Correction for 'Fluorescence imaging of a potential diagnostic biomarker for breast cancer cells using a peptide-functionalized fluorogenic 2D material' by Wei-Tao Dou et al., Chem. Commun., 2019, 55, 13235-13238.

6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(9): 3658-3664, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868285

RESUMO

With the ever-increasing threat posed by the multi-drug resistance of bacteria, the development of non-antibiotic agents for the broad-spectrum eradication of clinically prevalent superbugs remains a global challenge. Here, we demonstrate the simple supramolecular self-assembly of structurally defined graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with a cationic porphyrin (Pp4N) to afford unique one-dimensional wire-like GNR superstructures coated with Pp4N nanoparticles. This Pp4N/GNR nanocomposite displays excellent dual-modal properties with significant reactive-oxygen-species (ROS) production (in photodynamic therapy) and temperature elevation (in photothermal therapy) upon light irradiation at 660 and 808 nm, respectively. This combined approach proved synergistic, providing an impressive antimicrobial effect that led to the complete annihilation of a wide spectrum of Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and drug-resistant bacteria both in vitro and in vivo. The study also unveils the promise of GNRs as a new platform to develop dual-modal antimicrobial agents that are able to overcome antibiotic resistance.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(4): 1925-1932, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884796

RESUMO

As a result of their high specificity for their corresponding biological targets, peptides have shown significant potential in a range of diagnostic and therapeutic applications. However, their widespread use has been limited by their minimal cell permeability and stability in biological milieus. We describe here a hepta-dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran appended ß-cyclodextrin (DCM7-ß-CD) that acts as a delivery enhancing "host" for 1-bromonaphthalene-modified peptides, as demonstrated with peptide probes P1-P4. Interaction between the fluorescent peptides P1-P3 and DCM7-ß-CD results in the hierarchical formation of unique supramolecular architectures, which we term supramolecular-peptide-dots (Spds). Each Spd (Spd-1, Spd-2, and Spd-3) was found to facilitate the intracellular delivery of the constituent fluorescent probes (P1-P3), thus allowing spatiotemporal imaging of an apoptosis biomarker (caspase-3) and mitosis. Spd-4, incorporating the antimicrobial peptide P4, was found to provide an enhanced therapeutic benefit against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria relative to P4 alone. In addition, a fluorescent Spd-4 was prepared, which revealed greater bacterial cellular uptake compared to the peptide alone (P4-FITC) in E. coli. (ATCC 25922) and S. aureus (ATCC 25923). This latter observation supports the suggestion that the Spd platform reported here has the ability to facilitate the delivery of a therapeutic peptide and provides an easy-to-implement strategy for enhancing the antimicrobial efficacy of known therapeutic peptides. The present findings thus serve to highlight a new and effective supramolecular delivery approach that is potentially generalizable to overcome limitations associated with functional peptides.

8.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 15: 2380-2389, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666872

RESUMO

The development of photochromic fluorescence sensors with dynamic and multiple-signaling is beneficial to the improvement of biosensing/imaging precision. However, elaborate designs with complicated molecular structures are always required to integrate these functions into one molecule. By taking advantages of both redox-active/high loading features of two-dimensional (2D) manganese dioxide (MnO2) and dynamic fluorescence photoswitching of photochromic sensors, we here design a hybrid photochromic MnO2 glycosheet (Glyco-DTE@MnO 2 ) to achieve the photoswitchable imaging of intracellular glutathione (GSH). The photochromic glycosheet manifests significantly turn-on fluorescence and dynamic ON/OFF fluorescence signals in response to GSH, which makes it favorable for intracellular GSH double-check in targeted human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) through the recognition between ß-D-galactoside and asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPr) on cell membranes. The dynamic fluorescence signals and excellent selectivity for detection and imaging of GSH ensure the precise determination of cell states, promoting its potential applications in future disease diagnosis and therapy.

9.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(41): 9251-9256, 2019 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584602

RESUMO

We describe a novel green-emitting tetraphenylethylene-dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran (TPE-DCM) based fluorescent probe (TD-1). Conjugating TPE and DCM moieties allowed TD-1 to display high selectivity for thiophenol with excellent AIE properties in aqueous solution. Nevertheless, the poor water solubility of the hydrophobic structure resulted in a weak and unstable emission intensity. The non-covalent self-assembly of TD-1 with a TPE glycocluster (TPE2S) led to a largely improved water solubility producing a reliable and stable sensing system. The corresponding glyco-probe could sensitively detect exogenous thiophenol concentrations in PBS buffer or environmental water samples.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(88): 13235-13238, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621698

RESUMO

Protein C receptor (PROCR) is a recently discovered transmembrane biomarker for several tissue stem cells and is highly expressed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patient-derived xenografts. Herein, to enrich the toolbox for the biochemical evaluation of PROCR, we have developed a peptide-functionalized fluorogenic 2D material based on the self-assembly between a fluorescent peptide probe and thin-layer molybdenum disulfide. The material developed was suitable for the sensitive detection of PROCR recombinant protein in buffer solution and the fluorescence imaging of TNBC cells that express high levels of PROCR.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Receptor de Proteína C Endotelial/análise , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Peptídeos/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Acc Chem Res ; 52(9): 2582-2597, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460742

RESUMO

This Account describes a range of strategies for the development of fluorescent probes for detecting reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS), and reactive (redox-active) sulfur species (RSS). Many ROS/RNS have been implicated in pathological processes such as Alzheimer's disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and aging, while many RSS play important roles in maintaining redox homeostasis, serving as antioxidants and acting as free radical scavengers. Fluorescence-based systems have emerged as one of the best ways to monitor the concentrations and locations of these often very short lived species. Because of the high levels of sensitivity and in particular their ability to be used for temporal and spatial sampling for in vivo imaging applications. As a direct result, there has been a huge surge in the development of fluorescent probes for sensitive and selective detection of ROS, RNS, and RSS within cellular environments. However, cellular environments are extremely complex, often with more than one species involved in a given biochemical process. As a result, there has been a rise in the development of dual-responsive fluorescent probes (AND-logic probes) that can monitor the presence of more than one species in a biological environment. Our aim with this Account is to introduce the fluorescent probes that we have developed for in vitro and in vivo measurement of ROS, RNS, and RSS. Fluorescence-based sensing mechanisms used in the construction of the probes include photoinduced electron transfer, intramolecular charge transfer, excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), and fluorescence resonance energy transfer. In particular, probes for hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorous acid, superoxide, peroxynitrite, glutathione, cysteine, homocysteine, and hydrogen sulfide are discussed. In addition, we describe the development of AND-logic-based systems capable of detecting two species, such as peroxynitrite and glutathione. One of the most interesting advances contained in this Account is our extension of indicator displacement assays (IDAs) to reaction-based indicator displacement assays (RIAs). In an IDA system, an indicator is allowed to bind reversibly to a receptor. Then a competitive analyte is introduced into the system, resulting in displacement of the indicator from the host, which in turn modulates the optical signal. With an RIA-based system, the indicator is cleaved from a preformed receptor-indicator complex rather than being displaced by the analyte. Nevertheless, without a doubt the most significant result contained in this Account is the use of an ESIPT-based probe for the simultaneous sensing of fibrous proteins/peptides AND environmental ROS/RNS.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(25): 22181-22187, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150201

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a devastating disease worldwide, for which targeted imaging and therapeutic agents remain elusive. There has been growing awareness that carbohydrates are valuable as drug candidates and targeting agents for a variety of human diseases, including cancers that overexpress carbohydrate receptors on the cell surface. Here, we develop a two-dimensional (2D) glycocluster by means of simple, stepwise self-assembly for the targeted delivery of theranostic agents to TNBC cells that express mannose receptors (MRs) on the cell surface. Human serum albumin, which contains a variety of hydrophobic pockets capable of accommodating small molecules, was used to simultaneously encapsulate a mannose-based glycoprobe and a commercial photosensitizer (i.e., Ce6). The multicomponent "neoglycoprotein" formed was used to self-assemble with 2D MnO2, producing 2D glycoclusters, which could be selectively internalized by a TNBC cell line (MDA-MB-231) as facilitated by binding to the transmembrane MR. The intracellular degradation of the 2D MnO2 backbone by biothiols then released Ce6 for cell imaging and, subsequently, photodynamic therapy. This study provides insights into the development of carbohydrate-based materials for targeted, stimuli-responsive theranostics of TNBC.


Assuntos
Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/genética , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
13.
Front Chem ; 7: 294, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139613

RESUMO

The construction of targeted and activatable materials can largely improve the precision of disease diagnosis and therapy. However, the currently developed systems either target a transmembrane antigen or are activatable to release imaging and/or therapeutic reagents intracellularly. Here, we develop a simple thin-layer glycomaterial through the self-assembly between fluorescent glycoprobes, in which the carbohydrate-targeting reagent and the fluorophore are linked to each other by polyethylene glycol with a suitable chain length, and thin-layer manganese dioxide. The fluorogenic material developed is both capable of targeting a transmembrane glycoprotein receptor and fluorescently activatable by intracellular biothiols. The shell thickness of the material was determined to be important for achieving the biothiol-induced activation of fluorescence. This research might provide insight into the development of precision-enhanced self-assembled materials for disease theranostics.

15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(5): 622-631, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), supported by the American College of Radiology (ACR), has been developed for standardizing the acquisition, interpretation, reporting, and data collection of liver imaging examinations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), which is described as an ancillary imaging feature of LI-RADS, can improve the diagnostic efficiency of LI-RADS v2017 with gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for HCC. AIM: To determine whether the use of DWI can improve the diagnostic efficiency of LI-RADS v2017 with gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance MRI for HCC. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, 245 observations of high risk of HCC were retrospectively acquired from 203 patients who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI from October 2013 to April 2018. Two readers independently measured the maximum diameter and recorded the presence of each lesion and assigned scores according to LI-RADS v2017. The test was used to determine the agreement between the two readers with or without DWI. In addition, the sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), accuracy (AC), positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of LI-RADS were calculated. Youden index values were used to compare the diagnostic performance of LI-RADS with or without DWI. RESULTS: Almost perfect interobserver agreement was obtained for the categorization of observations with LI-RADS (kappa value: 0.813 without DWI and 0.882 with DWI). For LR-5, the diagnostic SE, SP, and AC values were 61.2%, 92.5%, and 71.4%, respectively, with or without DWI; for LR-4/5, they were 73.9%, 80%, and 75.9% without DWI and 87.9%, 80%, and 85.3% with DWI; for LR-4/5/M, they were 75.8%, 58.8%, and 70.2% without DWI and 87.9%, 58.8%, and 78.4% with DWI; for LR- 4/5/TIV, they were 75.8%, 75%, and 75.5% without DWI and 89.7%, 75%, and 84.9% with DWI. The Youden index values of the LI-RADS classification without or with DWI were as follows: LR-4/5: 0.539 vs 0.679; LR-4/5/M: 0.346 vs 0.467; and LR-4/5/TIV: 0.508 vs 0.647. CONCLUSION: LI-RADS v2017 has been successfully applied with gadoxetate-enhanced MRI for patients at high risk for HCC. The addition of DWI significantly increases the diagnostic efficiency for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA/administração & dosagem , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(2): 683-722, 2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520895

RESUMO

Traditional biochemical methods for enzyme detection are mainly based on antibody-based immunoassays, which lack the ability to monitor the spatiotemporal distribution and, in particular, the in situ activity of enzymes in live cells and in vivo. In this review, we comprehensively summarize recent progress that has been made in the development of small-molecule as well as material-based fluorogenic probes for sensitive detection of the activities of enzymes that are related to a number of human diseases. The principles utilized to design these probes as well as their applications are reviewed. Specific attention is given to fluorogenic probes that have been developed for analysis of the activities of enzymes including oxidases and reductases, those that act on biomacromolecules including DNAs, proteins/peptides/amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids, and those that are responsible for translational modifications. We envision that this review will serve as an ideal reference for practitioners as well as beginners in relevant research fields.


Assuntos
Enzimas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Enzimas/metabolismo , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/enzimologia , Oxirredutases/química , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
17.
Chembiochem ; 20(14): 1856-1860, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30295990

RESUMO

The sensitive imaging of amyloid-ß (Aß) peptides is important for the timely detection of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although clinically the diagnosis of AD relies on the use of radiolabeled imaging reagents, herein we report the simple construction of a "flat ensemble" formed between a quinoline-malononitrile AIEgen (EDS) and thin-layer molybdenum disulfide (2D MoS2 ) for the sensitive detection of Aß by means of fluorescence-based techniques. Self-assembly between EDS and 2D MoS2 in aqueous buffer solution produces the flat ensemble, and the subsequent interaction of the material ensemble with oligomeric and aggregated Aß peptides leads to up to 19-fold enhanced fluorescence of EDS. The ensemble is also applicable for staining Aß aggregates in vivo.

18.
Physiol Plant ; 167(4): 564-584, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561011

RESUMO

Abrupt drought-flood alternation (T1) is a meteorological disaster that frequently occurs during summer in southern China and the Yangtze river basin, often causing a significant loss of rice production. In this study, the response mechanism of yield decline under abrupt drought-flood alternation stress at the panicle differentiation stage was analyzed by looking at the metabolome, proteome as well as yield and physiological and biochemical indexes. The results showed that drought and flood stress caused a decrease in the yield of rice at the panicle differentiation stage, and abrupt drought-flood alternation stress created a synergistic effect for the reduction of yield. The main reason for the decrease of yield per plant under abrupt drought-flood alternation was the decrease of seed setting rate. Compared with CK0 (no drought and no flood), the net photosynthetic rate and soluble sugar content of T1 decreased significantly and its hydrogen peroxidase, superoxide dismutase, peroxidase activity increased significantly. The identified differential metabolites and differentially expressed proteins indicated that photosynthesis metabolism, energy metabolism pathway and reactive oxygen species response have changed strongly under abrupt drought-flood alteration stress, which are factors that leads to the rice grain yield reduction.

19.
Org Biomol Chem ; 16(45): 8804-8809, 2018 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403242

RESUMO

Tetraphenylethylene (TPE) is fluorescent through aggregation induced emission (AIE) in water. Herein, TPE was used as the core of glycoclusters that target the bacterial lectins LecA and LecB of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Synthesis of these TPE-based glycoclusters was accomplished by using azide-alkyne "click" chemistry. The AIE properties of the resulting glycoclusters could be readily verified, but imaging could not be pursued due to the overlap of the fluorescence signals from cells and bacteria. Nonetheless, the glycoclusters displayed nanomolar affinities toward LecA and LecB. Further evaluation in a cell-based anti-adhesive assay highlighted a limited decrease in adhesion (20%) for the fucosylated glycocluster. This confirmed that these TPE-based glycoclusters are indeed LecA and LecB high-affinity ligands. Nevertheless, the hypotheses involving their application in imaging or anti-adhesive therapy could not be verified.


Assuntos
Adesinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/química , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Estilbenos/química , Ligantes , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
20.
Chem Soc Rev ; 47(23): 8842-8880, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30361725

RESUMO

In this review we will explore recent advances in the design and application of excited-state intramolecular proton-transfer (ESIPT) based fluorescent probes. Fluorescence based sensors and imaging agents (probes) are important in biology, physiology, pharmacology, and environmental science for the selective detection of biologically and/or environmentally important species. The development of ESIPT-based fluorescence probes is particularly attractive due to their unique properties, which include a large Stokes shift, environmental sensitivity and potential for ratiometric sensing.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Prótons , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA