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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36737498

RESUMO

Hydraulic fracturing technologies have been frequently utilized in the oil and gas industry as exploration and development efforts have progressed, resulting in a significant increase in the extraction of natural gas and petroleum from low-permeability reservoirs. However, hydraulic fracturing requires a large amount of freshwater, and the process results in the production of large volumes of flowback water along with natural gas. In this study, three tight sandstone gas wells were fractured in the Sulige gasfield (China), and a total of 103 flowback fluid samples were collected. The hydrochemical characteristics, water quality and sources of hydrochemical components in the flowback fluid were discussed. The results show that the flowback fluid is characterized by high salinity (Total dissolved solids (TDS) up to 38,268 mg/L, Cl- up to 24,000 mg/L), high concentrations of metal ions (e.g., Fe, Sr2+, Ba2+) and high chemical oxygen demand (COD). The flowback fluid is a complex mixture of fracturing fluid and formation water, and its composition is impacted by water-rock interactions that occur during hydraulic fracturing. The major contaminants include COD, Fe, Ba2+, Cl-, Mn and pH, which constitute a high risk of environmental pollution. Meanwhile, chemical elements such as K, Ba and Sr are unusually enriched in the flowback fluid, which has an excellent potential for recycle of chemical elements. The Sulige gasfield's flowback fluid recovery methods and treatment scenarios were discussed, taking into consideration the pollution and resource characteristics of the flowback fluid. Options for dealing with the flowback fluid include deep well reinjection, reuse for making up fracturing fluid, recycling of chemical elements and diverse reuse of flowback water. This research offers guidance for managing the fracturing flowback fluid in unconventional oil and gas fields.

2.
Nano Lett ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652343

RESUMO

Exploring and designing two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials for armor-piercing protection has become a research focus. Here, by molecular dynamics simulation, we revealed that the ultralight monolayer covalent organic framework (COF), one kind of novel 2D crystalline polymer, possesses superior impact-resistant capability under high-velocity impact. The calculated specific penetration energy is much higher than that of other traditional impact-resistant materials, such as steel, poly(methyl methacrylate), Kevlar, etc. It was found that the hexagonal nanopores integrated by polymer chains have large deformation compatibility resulting from flexible torsion and stretching, which can remarkably contribute to the energy dissipation. In addition, the deformable nanopores can effectively restrain the crack propagation, enable COF to resist multiple impacts. This work uncovers the extreme dynamic responses of COF under high-velocity impact and provides theoretical guidance for designing superstrong 2D polymer-based crystalline nanomaterials.

3.
Dig Surg ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Controversy remains about the classification, differential diagnosis, and treatment strategy for gallbladder polypoid lesions (GPLs). This study sought to explore the individualized treatment strategy for GPLs. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 642 consecutive patients with GPLs from January 2015 to May 2020. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to explore the potential risk factors for neoplastic polyps. The outcome of laparoscopic gallbladder-preserving polypectomy (GPP) was evaluated and compared with that of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). RESULTS: Of 642 enrolled patients, 572 underwent LC, and 70 underwent GPP. Pathologically, the majority of GPLs were cholesterol polyps (68.4%), followed by adenomyomatosis (19.9%), benign adenoma (7.3%), adenocarcinoma (3.6%), and rare pathological types (0.8%). Additionally, 66.3% (379/572) of the LC cases were classified as non-neoplastic, and 33.7% (193/572) neoplastic polyps. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that single polyps (OR 1.956, 95% CI 1.121-3.412; p=0.018), polyps located at the gallbladder fundus (OR 4.326, 95% CI 2.179-8.591; p<0.001), polyps not less than 14 mm (OR 2.833, 95% CI 1.614-4.973; p<0.001), and polyps with a broad base (OR 4.173, 95% CI 1.743-9.990; p=0.001) were independent risk factors for neoplastic polyps. The 5-year prospective results after GPP showed that the 1-year and 3-year polyp recurrence rates were 13.2% and 23.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The majority of GPLs are cholesterol or other benign lesions without malignant potential. LC is the main treatment procedure for GPLs with a high neoplastic risk. GPP is potentially feasible and could be an alternative management strategy for a group of GPLs patients who meet the selection criteria.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 25(3): 2517-2522, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602119

RESUMO

CoSb3 shows intrinsically excellent electric transport performance but high thermal conductivity, resulting in low thermoelectric performance. The use of graphene to form heterogeneous interfaces shows great potential for significantly lessening the lattice thermal conductivity (κL) in CoSb3-based composites. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are carried out in the present work to study the interfacial thermal conductance across the CoSb3-graphene interface in the temperature range of 300 K to 800 K. The interfacial thermal conductance exhibits irregular fluctuations with temperature and CoSb3 length. Furthermore, we explored the effect of graphene layers on the interfacial heat transport of the CoSb3-graphene system. The results demonstrate that graphene layers affect the interfacial thermal conductance due to the suppression of heat flux in multilayer graphene across the c-axis. The phonon density of states (PDOS) of the CoSb3-graphene system reveals a decreased low-frequency vibration mode at 0-7 THz and an enhanced high-frequency vibration mode compared with those of CoSb3, indicating that thermal transport can be effectively suppressed by the addition of graphene.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(1): 1817-1826, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36542776

RESUMO

The thermal management of lithium-sulfur batteries with high specific energy has become one of the critical issues for their applications. Carbon-based nanotubes are widely used to construct composite sulfur cathodes. This paper focuses on the thermal transport properties of sulfur-coated and sulfur-embedded boron carbide nanotubes (BCNTs) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and their composites using molecular dynamics. It is found that phonon softening and localization play a role in making BCNT exhibit a lower thermal conductivity (TC) than CNT. Furthermore, it is discovered that the sulfur embedded inside the carbon-based nanotube has a greater negative impact on carbon-based nanotube phonon transport. Moreover, the effective medium theory model is not suitable for predicting the effective thermal conductivity of coated sulfur composites, in contrast to its good applicability to embedded sulfur composites. These findings provide an in-depth understanding of the thermal transport properties of composite sulfur cathodes in lithium-sulfur batteries.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36479912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is prevalent in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and is essential when determining tumor stage and prognosis. Positive lateral LNM with negative central LNM is defined as skip metastasis. Thyroid carcinoma's risk factors for skip metastasis remain controversial, especially in PTMC. This study aimed to determine the clinical features as well as the risk factors of skip metastasis among patients with PTMC. METHODS: We conducted retrospective research among patients with PTMC who were subjected to treatment at our Hospital between January 2018 and December 2019 by reviewing their medical records. A database containing demographic characteristics, ultrasonography features, blood test outcomes, operation information, pathology details, and follow-up information was constructed. The link between skip metastasis and clinicopathological features of PTMC was evaluated using univariate as well as multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Overall, 293 patients diagnosed with PTMC and lateral LNM were included. There were 91 men (31.1%) and 202 women (68.9%). The median age was 38 (31-47) years. Fifty patients were diagnosed with skip metastases. Levels III and II + III were the most prevalent in single-level and two-level metastasis, correspondingly. Univariate and multivariate analyses detected two independent factors linked to skip metastasis in PTMC: female sex (odds ratio = 2.609, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.135-6.000; p = 0.024) and location of the tumor (upper portion) (odds ratio = 2.959, 95% CI: 1.552-5.639; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Skip metastasis is prevalent in thyroid carcinoma. Female sex and tumor location (upper portion) are independently linked to skip metastasis in PTMC. Patients who have these two risk factors should undergo a meticulous preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of lymph node status.

7.
Nutr Diabetes ; 12(1): 51, 2022 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of aging on glucose metabolism improvement after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in rat models with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Twenty aged Goto-Kakizaki rats were randomly assigned into RYGB-A group and sham RYGB (SR-A) group, and 10 adult Goto-Kakizaki rats also accept RYGB procedures (RYGB-Y). Glucose metabolism, resting energy expenditure (REE), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and total bile acid level were measured. RESULTS: RYGB could significantly improve glucose metabolism in aged diabetic rats. The fasting blood glucose level in the RYGB-A group decreased from 15.8 ± 1.1 mmol/l before surgery to 12.3 ± 1.5 mmol/l 16 weeks after surgery (P < 0.01), and the AUCOGTT value decreased from 2603.9 ± 155.4 (mmol/l) min to 2299.9 ± 252.8 (mmol/l) min (P = 0.08). The decrease range of fasting blood glucose in the RYGB-A group was less than that in the RYGB-Y group (20.5% ± 6.5% vs. 40.6% ± 10.6%, P < 0.01), so is the decrease range of AUCOGTT value (11.6% ± 14.8% vs. 38.5% ± 8.3%, P < 0.01). Moreover, at the 16th postoperative week, the increase range of REE of the RYGB-A group was lower than that of the RYGB-Y group (15.3% ± 11.1% vs. 29.1% ± 12.1%, P = 0.04). The increased range of bile acid of the RYGB-A group was less than that of the RYGB-Y group (80.2 ± 59.3 % vs.212.3 ± 139.0 %, P < 0.01). The GLP-1 level of the RYGB-A group was less than that of the RYGB-Y group (12.8 ± 3.9 pmol/L vs. 18.7 ± 5.6 pmol/L, P = 0.02). There was no significant difference between the RYGB-A group and the RYGB-Y group in the level of the triiodothyronine level. CONCLUSIONS: RYGB could induce a glucose metabolism improvement in aged diabetic rats, and aging might moderate the effect of RYGB.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Derivação Gástrica , Ratos , Animais , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon , Envelhecimento
8.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 16: 3805-3816, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349306

RESUMO

Purpose: The prevalence of hyperlipidemia and related illnesses is on its rise, and atorvastatin is the frequently used hypolipidemic agent. However, there is still uncertainty about the mechanisms, especially the relationship between the lipid-lowering effect, intestinal microbiome, and metabolic profiles. We aim to intensively explain the mechanism of the hypolipidemic effect of atorvastatin through multi-omics perspective of intestinal microbiome and metabolomics. Methods: Multi-omics methods play an increasingly important role in the analysis of intestinal triggers and evaluation of metabolic disorders such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes. Therefore, we were prompted to explore intestinal triggers, underlying biomarkers, and potential intervention targets of atorvastatin in the treatment of dyslipidemia through multi-omics. To achieve this, SPF Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet or normal diet for 8 weeks. Atorvastatin was then administered to high-fat diet-fed rats. Results: By altering intestinal microbiome, a high-fat diet can affect feces and plasma metabolic profiles. Treatment with atorvastatin possibly increases the abundance of Bacteroides, thereby improving "propanoate metabolism" and "glycine, serine and threonine metabolism" in feces and plasma, and contributing to blood lipid reduction. Conclusion: Our study elucidated the intestinal triggers and metabolites of high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia from the perspective of intestinal microbiome and metabolomics. It equally identified potential intervention targets of atorvastatin. This further explains the mechanism of the hypolipidemic effect of atorvastatin from a multi-omics perspective.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Hiperlipidemias , Animais , Ratos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Bacteroides , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Ratos Wistar , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Lipídeos
9.
RSC Adv ; 12(46): 30085-30093, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329939

RESUMO

In carbon nanotube fibers (CNFs) fabricated by spinning methods, it is well-known that the mechanical and thermal performances of CNFs are highly dependent on the mechanical and thermal properties of the inherent CNTs. Furthermore, long CNTs are usually preferred to assemble CNFs because the interaction and entanglement between long CNTs are effectively stronger than between short CNTs. However, in CNFs fabricated using long CNTs, the interior carbon nanotubes (CNTs) inevitably undergo both tension and torsion loading when they are stretched, which would influence the mechanical and thermal performances of CNFs. Here, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out to study the mechanical and thermal properties of individual CNTs under tension-torsion loading. As for mechanical properties, it was found that both the fracture strength and Young's modulus of CNTs decreased as the twist angle α increased. Besides, step-wise fracture happened due to stress concentration when the twisted CNTs are stretched. On the other hand, it could be seen that the thermal conductivity of CNTs decreased as α increased. This work presents the systematic investigation of the mechanical and thermal properties of CNTs under tension-torsion loading and provides a theoretical guideline for the design and fabrication of CNFs.

10.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Diagnosis of retroperitoneal schwannoma (RS), especially cystic RS, is frequently missed or delayed owing to its rarity, location, nonspecific symptoms, and similarities with other tumors on various imaging modalities. This study aimed to determine associations between clinical, radiological, and histopathologic features and outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients with pathologically confirmed RS who underwent tumor resection between June 2010 and June 2020 were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Patients were stratified into three groups according to degree of tumoral cystic degeneration. RESULTS: Cystic degeneration was significantly associated with multiple foci (p = 0.025), calcification (p = 0.012), and hemorrhage (p = 0.000), but not size (p = 0.08), high Ki-67 (p = 0.094), malignancy (p = 0.115; prevalence of cystic degeneration in the benign and malignant groups were 53.9% vs 100%), rough margin (p = 0.162), or irregular shape (p = 0.369). Malignant RS was significantly associated with multiple lymph nodes enlargement (p = 0.034). Tumor size, margins, shape, or/and multiplicity did not significantly differ between benign and malignant tumors. No recurrence occurred in patients with benign RS (mean follow-up, 45 months). All malignant tumors recurred; mean time to recurrence was 11.4 months (mean follow-up, 33 months). CONCLUSION: Since RS is misdiagnosed mostly as malignancy and diagnosis is often delayed, a suspicion is necessary for diagnosis when atypical features are present. In RS, cystic degeneration was not associated with tumor size, Ki-67, or malignancy; however, it was significantly associated with multiple foci, calcification, and hemorrhage. Cystic degeneration and related factors are useful for the diagnosis of RS. Malignant RS should be considered when a mass involves multiple lymph nodes. Margins, morphology, and size are not associated with malignancy. Pathological tumor type, tumor location, and adjacent anatomic structures are associated with outcome.

11.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(9): 3024-3038, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36237234

RESUMO

Background: Surgery with total gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection (LND) has been recommended as the standard treatment for patients with advanced upper and middle gastric carcinoma and/or Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). However, whether the No. 10 lymph node (No. 10 LN, also known as splenic hilar LN) should be dissected in total gastrectomy remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate whether the No. 10 LND with spleen preservation has survival benefit for patients with gastric cancer and/or AEG who underwent the total gastrectomy. Methods: The PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov and American Society of Clinical Oncology.org (ASCO.org) were electronically searched to identify eligible studies. The primary outcome was the survival rate, and secondary outcomes included the disease-free survival (DFS) rate and side effects. The Review Manager 5.3.5 software was used for the meta-analysis. The odds ratio (OR) and mean difference with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. The statistical heterogeneity was assessed using chi-square (χ2) and I2 tests. Results: Eight studies enrolling a total of 4,131 patients were eligible for our review. The meta-analysis results demonstrated that the No. 10 LND group was significantly better than the non-No. 10 LND group in terms of the 3- (OR =0.71, 95% CI: 0.62-0.81, P<0.00001) and the 5-year (OR =0.66, 95% CI: 0.58-0.75, P<0.00001) survival rates but not in the 1-year survival rate (OR =0.91, 95% CI: 0.75-1.11, P=0.36). The DFS rates in the No. 10 LND group were significantly increased after 1 (OR =0.76, 95% CI: 0.61-0.93, P=0.008), 3 (OR =0.69, 95% CI: 0.60-0.81, P<0.00001), and 5 (OR =0.66, 95% CI: 0.56-0.76, P<0.00001) years compared with those in the non-No. 10 LND group. Discussion: Evidence shows that the No. 10 LND with spleen preservation can improve the survival and the DFS rates for patients with gastric cancer and/or Siewert type II/III AEG who underwent the total gastrectomy. High-quality prospective trials are expected.

12.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 14(10): 2061-2076, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36310709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Targeted therapy (TT) has resulted in controversial efficacy as first-line treatment for biliary tract cancer (BTC). More efficacy comparisons are required to clarify the overall effects of chemotherapy (CT) combined with TT and CT alone on advanced BTC. AIM: To conduct a meta-analysis of the available evidence on the efficacy of CT combined with TT for advanced BTC. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for relevant studies published from inception to August 2022. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) including comparisons between the combination of gemcitabine-based CT with TT and CT alone as first-line treatment for advanced BTC were eligible (PROSPERO-CRD42022313001). The odds ratios (ORs) for the objective response rate (ORR) and hazard ratios (HRs) for both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated and analyzed. Subgroup analyses based on different targeted agents, CT regimens and tumor locations were prespecified. RESULTS: Nine RCTs with a total of 1361 individuals were included and analyzed. The overall analysis showed a significant improvement in ORR in patients treated with CT + TT compared to those treated with CT alone (OR = 1.43, 95%CI: 1.11-1.86, P = 0.007) but no difference in PFS or OS. Similar trends were observed in the subgroup treated with agents targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.17-2.37, P = 0.004) but not in the subgroups treated with agents targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor or mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor. Notably, patients who received a CT regimen of gemcitabine + oxaliplatin in the CT + TT arm had both a higher ORR (OR = 1.75, 95%CI: 1.20-2.56, P = 0.004) and longer PFS (HR = 0.83, 95%CI: 0.70-0.99, P = 0.03) than those in the CT-only arm. Moreover, patients with cholangiocarcinoma treated with CT + TT had significantly increased ORR and PFS (ORR, OR = 2.06, 95%CI: 1.27-3.35, PFS, HR = 0.79, 95%CI: 0.66-0.94). CONCLUSION: CT + TT is a potential first-line treatment for advanced BTC that leads to improved tumor control and survival outcomes, and highlighting the importance of CT regimens and tumor types in the application of TT.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 999928, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36277690

RESUMO

Background: Bile acids are important signaling molecules that might activate hypothalamic neurons. This study aimed to investigate possible changes in hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons after biliary diversion in diabetic rats. Methods: Ten GK rats were randomly divided into the biliary diversion (BD) and sham groups. The glucose metabolism, hypothalamic POMC expression, serum bile acid profiles, and ileal bile acid-specific receptors of the two groups were analyzed. Results: Biliary diversion improved blood glucose (P = 0.001) and glucose tolerance (P = 0.001). RNA-Seq of the hypothalamus showed significantly upregulated expression of the POMC gene (log2-fold change = 4.1, P < 0.001), which also showed increased expression at the protein (P = 0.030) and mRNA (P = 0.004) levels. The POMC-derived neuropeptide α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) was also increased in the hypothalamus (2.21 ± 0.11 ng/g, P = 0.006). In addition, increased taurocholic acid (TCA) (108.05 ± 20.62 ng/mL, P = 0.003) and taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA) (45.58 ± 2.74 ng/mL, P < 0.001) were found in the BD group and induced the enhanced secretion of fibroblast growth factor-15 (FGF15, 74.28 ± 3.44 pg/ml, P = 0.001) by activating farnesoid X receptor (FXR) that was over-expressed in the ileum. Conclusions: Hypothalamic POMC neurons were upregulated after BD, and the increased TCA, TDCA, and the downstream gut-derived hormone FGF15 might activate POMC neurons.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Neuropeptídeos , Ratos , Animais , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética , alfa-MSH/genética , alfa-MSH/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ácido Taurodesoxicólico/metabolismo , Ácido Taurocólico/metabolismo
14.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 993091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275826

RESUMO

Bronchogenic cysts are congenital malformations caused by aberrant foregut budding. They major occur in the thorax, with subdiaphragmatic cases being uncommon. Here, we present a series of 19 patients diagnosed with subdiaphragmatic bronchogenic cysts histopathologically at a single institution in China from 2012 to 2021. A literature review was also conducted by searching the PubMed database using keywords related to "bronchogenic cysts" and "subdiaphragmatic," yielding 107 cases. Taken together, the 126 cases had a median age of 41.0 years (interquartile range, 30.0-51.0 years) and 62 of them were male (49.2%). The cysts were most commonly detected in the left adrenal region (36.2%), followed by the pancreatic region (11.5%) and gastric cardia/lesser curvature of the stomach (9.2%). All patients except two underwent surgery for a definite diagnosis, symptom alleviation, and (or) malignancy prevention. Most patients recovered fast and were discharged from the hospital within 1 week after surgery, and the surgical complications were infrequent. The prognosis was generally favorable, as no recurrence was reported during the follow-up as long as 77 months.

15.
Plant Sci ; 325: 111480, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183810

RESUMO

Meiosis plays an essential role in the production of male and female gametes. Extensive studies have elucidated that homologous chromosome association and pairing are essential for crossing-over and recombination of chromosomal segments. However, the molecular mechanism of chromosome recognition and pairing remains elusive. Here, we identified a rice male-female sterility mutant plant. Cytological observations showed that the development of both pollen and embryo sacs of the mutant were abnormal due to defects in homologous chromosome recognition and pairing during prophase I. Map-based cloning revealed that Os06g0473000 encoding a poor homologous synapsis 1 (PHS1) protein is the candidate target gene, which was confirmed by knockout using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Sequence analysis revealed a single base mutation (G > A) involving the junction of the fourth exon and intron of OsPHS1, which is predicted to alter splicing, resulting in an Osphs1 mutant. Expression pattern analysis indicated that OsPHS1 expression levels were mainly expressed in panicles at the beginning of meiosis. Subcellular localization analysis demonstrated that the OsPHS1 protein is situated in the nucleus and cytoplasm. Taken together, our results suggest an important role for OsPHS1 in homologous chromosome pairing in both male and female gametogenesis in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Pareamento Cromossômico , Meiose/genética , Células Germinativas/metabolismo
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975787, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36159823

RESUMO

The groundbreaking research work about SIGLEC15 has raised it as a potential promising target in cancer immunotherapy. Unfortunately, the role of SIGLEC15 in thyroid carcinoma (THCA) remains obscure. Public and home multi-omics data were collected to investigate the role of SIGLEC15 in THCA in our study. SIGLEC15 was upregulated in THCA tumor tissue compared to nontumor tissue in both mRNA and protein levels; gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) results showed that high SIGLEC15 mRNA expression was positively correlated to many immune pathways. Results of the examination of immunological landscape characteristics displayed high SIGLEC15 mRNA expression that mainly positively correlated with a large number of cancer immunity immunomodulators and pathways. In addition, upregulation of SIGLEC15 was positively correlated with an enhanced immune score, stromal score, and estimate score. However, higher SIGLEC15 mRNA also met high immune exhausted status. The majority of CpG methylation sites negatively correlated with SIGLEC15 mRNA expression. Analysis of clinical characteristics supported increased SIGLEC15 expression that was positively correlated with more extrathyroid extension and lymph node metastasis. We observed different single nucleotide variant (SNV) and copy number variation (CNV) patterns in high and low SIGLEC15 mRNA expression subgroups; some vital DNA damage repair deficiency scores addressed a negative correlation with SIGLEC15 mRNA expression. We also found that some commonly used chemotherapy drugs might be suitable for different SIGLEC15 mRNA expression subgroups. This study highlighted the vital role of SIGLEC15 in THCA. Targeting SIGLEC15 may offer a potential novel therapeutic opportunity for THCA patients. However, the detailed exact cellular mechanisms of SIGLEC15 in THCA still needed to be elucidated by further studies.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas , Metástase Linfática , Proteínas de Membrana , Mutação Puntual , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
18.
Lab Chip ; 22(19): 3676-3686, 2022 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997043

RESUMO

In this study, we developed an ultrathin filtering membrane with slit-shaped pores which can achieve circulating tumor cell (CTC) separation from whole blood with high performance (high capture efficiency, high white blood cell (WBC) depletion, and high viability). The silicon nitride (Si3N4) filtering membrane was fabricated via the standard microfabrication technology, which can be easily scaled up to mass-production. 6 µm was determined as the optimum width of the filtering pores to better separate CTCs in whole blood, which can reach a high capture efficiency of ∼96%. Meanwhile, the filtering membrane with a high porosity of 34% demonstrated high WBC depletion (∼99.99%). Furthermore, the ultrathin (thickness: 200 nm) Si3N4 membrane facilitated the capture of CTCs with high viability (∼90%). Finally, the microfluidic chip was successfully applied to separate CTCs in whole blood samples from cancer patients and used for molecular examination. These results indicate that this microfluidic chip facilitates the clinical application of CTC-based liquid biopsy technology.


Assuntos
Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Separação Celular/métodos , Humanos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Microfluídica , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Compostos de Silício
19.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(15)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954475

RESUMO

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are proteins that physically and functionally bind to RNA to regulate the RNA metabolism such as alternative splicing, polyadenylation, transport, maintenance of stability, localization, and translation. There is accumulating evidence that dysregulated RBPs play an essential role in the pathogenesis of malignant tumors including a variety of types of sarcomas. On the other hand, prognosis of patients with sarcoma, especially with sarcoma in advanced stages, is very poor, and almost no effective standard treatment has been established for most of types of sarcomas so far, highlighting the urgent need for identifying novel therapeutic targets based on the deep understanding of pathogenesis. Therefore, defining the network of interactions between RBPs and disease-related RNA targets will contribute to a better understanding of sarcomagenesis and identification of a novel therapeutic target for sarcomas.

20.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 68(5): 24-33, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36029509

RESUMO

with the advent of a large number of drugs in recent years and the aggravation of human aging, drug-induced liver injury is increasing year by year. The protective effect of dandelion extract on acetaminophen (APAP) - induced drug-induced liver injury in rats and its specific mechanism was studied by in vitro cell culture. For this aim,twenty healthy SD rats with the same physiological status were divided into model group and normal group, with 10 rats in each group. The drug-induced liver injury model was made by intragastric administration of 1 g/kg APAP for 14 days. The liver function lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were detected to verify the success of the model. After that, the liver tissues were aseptically isolated from the normal group and APAP model group, and the primary hepatocytes were cultured. They were divided into control group (control), liver injury model group (model), medium-dose dandelion extract group (1mm dlwe) and high dose dandelion extract group (2mm dlwe). The cell proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8 cell proliferation activity kit. Cell samples were collected at 72 hours to detect the contents of AST and ALT in cell supernatant. The contents of oxidative stress-activated oxygen (ROS), reduced glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were detected by colorimetry, and the apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Inflammatory factors, key genes of liver injury, drug metabolic enzymes cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and nuclear transcription factors were detected by RT-PCR- κ B (NF- κ B) P65 signaling pathway-related gene expression level. Finally, the expression of CYP2E1, MAPK and NF-kB signaling pathwayswere analyzed by Western blot. Results showed thatSerum ast, ALT and LDH increased (P<0.05), suggesting that the liver injury model was successful. The hepatocytes in the normal group were oval, flat, evenly distributed and well adhered to the wall. The liver injury model group had more suspended cells, pseudopodia, polygonal and poor growth state. The cells in the medium-dose dandelion extract group (1mm dlwe) and high dose dandelion extract group (2mm dlwe) adhered well, mostly oval, similar to the normal group and grew well. CCK8 found that the cells in the model group decreased significantly, the proliferation activity decreased significantly, the ast, alt, LDH and ROS in the cell supernatant of the model group increased compared with other groups (P<0.05), and the contents of GSH and GSH PX decreased (P < 0.05). Apoptotic cells in the model group increased, and TNF in the model group-α, COX-2, CYP2E1, MAPK, JNK and NF KB p65 increased (P < 0.05). CYP2E1, MAPK and NF KB p65 increased in the model group (P < 0.05).


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Extratos Vegetais , Taraxacum , Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1 , Fígado , NF-kappa B , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Taraxacum/química
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