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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474742

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke, the most frequent cause of severe disability, imposes a significant mental and economic burden on patients and their families. There is increasing evidence to indicate that air pollution contributes to the risk of ischemic stroke. This study aimed to examine the correlation between air pollution and the expense imposed by an ischemic stroke. Data were obtained from hospitals and environmental monitoring stations in an industry city, Longspring, in western China. We used a generalized additive model to estimate the associations between the two factors, measured during 2015-2017. Counter-intuitively, the medical expenses arising from ischemia were negatively associated with the level of air pollution. The corresponding ER for per interquartile range increase of PM2.5, PM10, SO2 , and NO2 in lag10 was -0.17% (95% confidence interval (95% CI -0.31%, -0.03%), -0.11% (95% CI -0.2%, -0.02%), -1.04% (95% CI -1.92%, -0.17%) and -0.44% (95% CI -0.66%, -0.22%), respectively (p < 0.05). Subgroups based on gender, age, and season were considered in the analysis. The results indicated that pollutants had significant effects on ischaemia's medical expenses, which were stronger for older people, patients who survived, and warm seasons. This study is the first step in optimizing medical resources, which are essential for policymaking and service planning.

3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9549, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1142579

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a duplex probe-directed recombinase amplification (duplex-PDRA) assay that can perform real-time detection of two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) in four reactions in two tubes at 39°C within 30 min. The sensitivity of duplex-PDRA was 2×103-104 copies per reaction and no cross-reactivity was observed. A total of 382 clinical samples (179 prostate cancer patients and 203 controls) from northern China were collected and tested by duplex-PDRA assay and direct sequencing. The genotyping results were completely identical. In addition, the association analysis of two SNPs with prostate cancer risk and bone metastasis was conducted. We found that the TT genotype of rs6983267 (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.78; P=0.005) decreased the risk of prostate cancer, while the CA genotype of rs1447295 (OR: 1.89; 95%CI: 1.20-2.96; P=0.005) increased the risk of prostate cancer. However, no association between the two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) and bone metastasis in prostate cancer was found in this study (P>0.05). In conclusion, the duplex-PDRA assay is an effective method for the simultaneous detection of two SNPs and shows great potential for widespread use in research and clinical settings.

4.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(2): e9549, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263645

RESUMO

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have important application value in the research of population genetics, hereditary diseases, tumors, and drug development. Conventional methods for detecting SNPs are typically based on PCR or DNA sequencing, which is time-consuming, costly, and requires complex instrumentation. In this study, we present a duplex probe-directed recombinase amplification (duplex-PDRA) assay that can perform real-time detection of two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) in four reactions in two tubes at 39°C within 30 min. The sensitivity of duplex-PDRA was 2×103-104 copies per reaction and no cross-reactivity was observed. A total of 382 clinical samples (179 prostate cancer patients and 203 controls) from northern China were collected and tested by duplex-PDRA assay and direct sequencing. The genotyping results were completely identical. In addition, the association analysis of two SNPs with prostate cancer risk and bone metastasis was conducted. We found that the TT genotype of rs6983267 (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.78; P=0.005) decreased the risk of prostate cancer, while the CA genotype of rs1447295 (OR: 1.89; 95%CI: 1.20-2.96; P=0.005) increased the risk of prostate cancer. However, no association between the two SNPs (rs6983267 and rs1447295) and bone metastasis in prostate cancer was found in this study (P>0.05). In conclusion, the duplex-PDRA assay is an effective method for the simultaneous detection of two SNPs and shows great potential for widespread use in research and clinical settings.

5.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231086

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to detect the expression of KIF23 in human bladder cancer tissues and to assess the potential role of KIF23 in bladder cancer progression. The expression of KIF23 and the correlation with bladder cancer patients were explored using the TCGA database. Additionally, IHC assays were also performed to detect KIF23 expression in 95 bladder cancer tissues and corresponding non-tumor tissues collected in our hospital. Colony formation, MTT, and flow cytometry (FCM) assays were performed to detect its effects on bladder cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. An animal model was developed to found the effects of KIF23 on tumor growth in mice. Data showed that the KIF23 expression was upregulated in human bladder cancer tissues. The expression of KIF23 was correlated with the prognosis and clinicopathological features, including T stage (p = 0.022) and recurrence (p = 0.020), of bladder cancer patients. KIF23 depletion inhibited the proliferation of bladder cancer cells, stimulated apoptosis, and suppressed tumor growth in mice. We demonstrated the involvement of KIF23 in bladder cancer progression and provided a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of bladder cancer.

7.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 11595-11606, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209036

RESUMO

Objective: The microRNA expression profile of plasma exosomes in prostate cancer (PCa) is of critical importance in the disease exploration. This study aimed to explore the clinical application of exosomal miRNAs as biomarkers for PCa. Methods: Exosome-like vesicles of PCa patients and healthy controls were purified by differential centrifugation. The purified vesicles within the ranges of 50 and 100 nm were classified as exosomes according to the results of transmission electron microscopy and Western blot. Both, in vitro and in vivo, validations were performed by small RNA sequencing, CCK8, RT-qPCR, flow cytometry, Western blot, transwell and immunofluorescent staining assays. Results: High-throughput sequencing identified that 94 miRNAs were differentially expressed in PCa patients in comparison with healthy controls (P<0.01; fold change ≥2). Among them, 64 miRNAs were upregulated, and 30 miRNAs were downregulated. In comparison to the healthy controls, the expression levels of miR-217 were significantly upregulated, while miR-23b-3p were significantly downregulated in the exosomes and serum collected from PCa patients. Both, in vitro and in vivo, studies revealed that exosomes secreted by PCa cells with up-regulated miR-217 levels promoted cell proliferation and invasion; meanwhile, the exosomes with up-regulated miR-23b-3p levels inhibited cell proliferation and invasion. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition process may have been involved in the above-mentioned regulation. Conclusion: This study identified the dysregulated expression of exosomal miRNAs in PCa patients, including miR-217 and miR-23b-3p, by validating their function on proliferation and invasion in PCa cells. This regulation may have been affected by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition process, suggesting that they can be used as potential targets in the diagnosis and treatment of PCa.

9.
Int J Mol Med ; 46(6): 1973-1982, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125087

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to be involved in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the biological role of circCCDC66 in CRC remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to elucidate the mechanisms through which circCCDC66 affects the hypoxia­induced progression of CRC. It was found that hypoxia promoted the progression of CRC and upregulated the expression of circCCDC66. Furthermore, circCCDC66­knockdown reduced viability, migration and invasion, and enhanced the apoptosis of hypoxia­exposed CRC cells. Using the starBase database, it was identified that circCCDC66 may bind to miR­3140. Subsequently, it was confirmed that circCCDC66 serves as a sponge of miR­3140 and the depletion of miR­3140 partly abolished the effects of circCCDC66 on the phenotype of hypoxia­exposed CRC cells. In addition, miR­3140 was validated to inhibit the autophagy pathway. The use of an autophagy inducer partially reversed the miR­3140 overexpression­induced inhibition of the viability and invasion, and the promotion of the apoptosis of hypoxia­exposed CRC cells. In summary, the findings of the present study demonstrated that circCCDC66 facilitates the development of CRC cells under hypoxic conditions via regulation of miR­3140/autophagy. These findings may provide a novel therapeutic option for patients with CRC.

10.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 337, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123248

RESUMO

Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) of the kidney is a rare and polymorphic tumor, which has been previously considered to be a low-grade malignancy, predominantly occurring in women. To the best of our knowledge, MTSCC with bladder metastasis has never been reported. The current study presents five adult cases of MTSCC that included three male and two female patients. Among the male cases, two were of advanced stage, one with MTSCC and renal chromophobe cell carcinoma with bladder metastasis and the other with MTSCC with invasion of the renal vein. The other three cases with small masses were at an early stage. All five cases had a good prognosis and were without recurrence after several years of follow-up. A 70-year-old male with intermittent gross hematuria, intermittent renal colic, and groin radiation pain for a year (case 1), was incidentally detected to have a left renal density mass by total abdominal enhanced computed tomography scans. In the other four cases, renal masses were found by B-ultrasound. The patient in case 1 underwent a retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff resection and transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, and received gemcitabine hydrochloride via intravesical instillation therapy plus cisplatin chemotherapy every 3 months. The patient in case 2 underwent an open left radical nephrectomy and renal pedicle lymph node dissection. The other three patients underwent a laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. All five patients had no recurrence or new metastasis in other organs after follow-up. In conclusion, the incidence of MTSCC in men and women is not as disparate as reported in previous publications. The characteristics of the images of the five adult cases in the present study showed a considerable consistency, with only minor differences. The malignancy and prognosis of MTSCC are still controversial, and thus inclusion and review of more cases is required to reach a definite final conclusion. Sunitinib and gemcitabine chemotherapy in combination with cisplatin may be effective for the therapy of MTSCC patients with metastasis, but a larger range of treatments needs to be identified.

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926178, 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic utility of iron homeostasis determinations for prediction of severity of COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study enrolling a total of 50 patients diagnosed with the novel coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) from February 27, 2020 to March 30, 2020, including a severe group (12 patients) and a mild group (38 patients). For the control group, 50 healthy people were examined during the same period. We compared clinical laboratory data and iron homeostasis biomarkers among the 3 groups. ROC curve analysis was used to assess diagnoses. RESULTS Patients diagnosed with severe COVID-19 had higher hepcidin and serum ferritin levels than in other groups (p<0.001). A combination test of hepcidin and serum ferritin provided the best specificity and sensitivity in the prognosis of COVID-19 severity. Logistic regression analysis showed hepcidin and serum ferritin independently contributed to the severity of COVID-19. Hepcidin and serum ferritin tandem testing predicted COVID-19 severity with 94.6% specificity, while hepcidin and serum ferritin parallel testing had a sensitivity of 95.7%. CONCLUSIONS Iron homeostasis had a robust association with the occurrence of severe COVID-19. Iron homeostasis determinations were specific and sensitive for the early prediction of disease severity in COVID-19 patients and thus have clinical utility.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Ferritinas/sangue , Hepcidinas/sangue , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Homeostase , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(20): 12154-12163, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918330

RESUMO

Accurate and effective biomarkers for continuous monitoring of graft function are needed after kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to establish a circulating exosomal miRNA panel as non-invasive biomarker for kidney transplant recipients. Plasma exosomes of 58 kidney transplant recipients and 27 healthy controls were extracted by gel exclusion chromatography and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and Western blotting. Post-transplant renal graft function was evaluated by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression of exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs). Exosomal miR-21, miR-210 and miR-4639 showed negative correlations with eGFR in the training set and were selected for further analysis. In the validation set, miR-21, miR-210 and miR-4639 showed the capability to discriminate between subjects with chronic allograft dysfunction (eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ) and those with normal graft function (eGFR > 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 ). Three-miRNA panel exhibited higher accuracy compared with individual miRNAs or double indicators. One-year follow-up revealed a stable recovery of allograft function in subjects with low calculated score from three-miRNA panel (below the optimal cut-off value). In conclusion, a unique circulating exosomal miRNA panel was identified as an effective biomarker for monitoring post-transplant renal graft function in this study.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32714913

RESUMO

Host response biomarkers offer a promising alternative diagnostic solution for identifying acute respiratory infection (ARI) cases involving influenza infection. However, most of the published panels involve multiple genes, which is problematic in clinical settings because polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based technology is the most widely used genomic technology in these settings, and it can only be used to measure a small number of targets. This study aimed to identify a single-gene biomarker with a high diagnostic accuracy by using integrated bioinformatics analysis with XGBoost. The gene expression profiles in dataset GSE68310 were used to construct a co-expression network using weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA). Fourteen hub genes related to influenza infection (blue module) that were common to both the co-expression network and the protein-protein interaction network were identified. Thereafter, a single hub gene was selected using XGBoost, with feature selection conducted using recursive feature elimination with cross-validation (RFECV). The identified biomarker was oligoadenylate synthetases-like (OASL). The robustness of this biomarker was further examined using three external datasets. OASL expression profiling triggered by various infections was different enough to discriminate between influenza and non-influenza ARI infections. Thus, this study presented a workflow to identify a single-gene classifier across multiple datasets. Moreover, OASL was revealed as a biomarker that could identify influenza patients from among those with flu-like ARI. OASL has great potential for improving influenza diagnosis accuracy in ARI patients in the clinical setting.

14.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 10(6): 1286-1297, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32550137

RESUMO

Background: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can noninvasively assess renal allograft pathologic changes that provide useful information for clinical management and prognostication. However, it is still unknown whether the bi-exponential model analysis of DWI signals is superior to that of the mono-exponential model. Methods: Pathologic and DWI data from a total of 47 allografts were prospectively collected and analyzed. Kidney transplant interstitial fibrosis was quantified digitally. The severity of acute and chronic pathologic changes was semi-quantified by calculating the acute composite scores (ACS) and chronic composite score (CCS). Mono-exponential total apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCT), and the bi-exponential parameters of true diffusion (D) and perfusion fraction (fp) were acquired. The diagnostic performances of both mono-exponential and bi-exponential parameters were assessed and compared by calculating the area under the curve (AUC) from receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: ADCT, D, and fp were all significantly correlated with interstitial fibrosis, ACS, and CCS. Cortical fp discriminated mild from moderate and severe ACS with the largest AUC of 0.89 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.77-0.96]. Noticeably, only cortical fp could differentiate severe ACS from mild-to-moderate ACS (P<0.001) with an AUC of 0.80 (95% CI, 0.65-0.90) and a sensitivity of 100% (95% CI, 66.4-100%). Strikingly, the joint use of D and fp in either the cortex or the medulla could achieve a sensitivity of 100% for identifying either mild or severe interstitial fibrosis. Meanwhile, the serial use of cortical D and cortical fp showed the largest specificity for identifying both mild [88.9% (95% CI, 70.8-97.6%)] and severe [84.4% (95% CI, 67.2-94.7%)] interstitial fibrosis. For identifying mild CCS, the AUC of medullary ADCT (0.90, 95% CI, 0.78-0.97) was similar to that of cortical D (0.81, 95% CI, 0.67-0.91) and fp (0.86, 95% CI, 0.73-0.94), but statistically larger than that of medullary D (P=0.005) and fp (P=0.01). Furthermore, the parallel use of cortical D and cortical fp could increase the sensitivity to 95.0% (95% CI, 75.1-99.9%), whereas serial use of medullary D and medullary fp could increase the specificity to 100% (95% CI, 87.2-100%). The AUCs for differentiating severe from mild and moderate CCS were statistically insignificant among all parameters in the cortex and medulla (P≥0.15). Conclusions: Cortical fp was superior to the ADCT for identifying both mild and severe acute pathologic changes. Nevertheless, ADCT was equal to or better than single D or fp for evaluating chronic pathologic changes. Thus, both monoexponential and bi-exponential analysis of DWI images are complementary for evaluating kidney allograft pathologic changes, and the combined use of D and fp can increase the sensitivity and specificity for discriminating allograft pathologic changes severity.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(22): 229402, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567906
16.
FEBS J ; 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563195

RESUMO

Renal fibrosis is a common pathological feature of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is indicated that transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) plays as a central mediator in renal fibrosis. The present study aimed to investigate the role of δ-opioid receptor (DOR) on renal fibrosis of the rat renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line (NRK-52E) induced by TGF-ß1 and to elucidate its underlying mechanism, as well as its involvement in signaling pathways. Cells were treated with TGF-ß1 (10 ng·mL-1 ), along with a specific DOR agonist (UFP-512) or naltrindole (a DOR antagonist). Cell viability and morphology, as well as cell migration, were measured after drug administration. Western blotting was employed to examine the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein Fibronectin, and the tubular epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers (E-cadherin and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)), signal transducer (p-Smad3), and EMT-regulatory gene (Snail). The expression level of phosphorylated Akt and p38 was also examined. Our results showed that TGF-ß1 induced fibroblastic appearance and increased the expression of Fibronectin, α-SMA, P-Smad3, and Snail, while it decreased the expression of E-cadherin in NRK-52E cells. Moreover, TGF-ß1 induced the activation of Akt and p38 MAPK signaling pathways. DOR activation was found to efficiently block morphological changes and cell migration, as long as the expression changes of Fibronectin, E-cadherin, α-SMA, P-Smad3, Snail, P-Akt, and P-p38 were induced by TGF-ß1. These findings suggest that DOR may serve as an antifibrotic factor for renal proximal tubule cells by inhibiting the fibrosis process via TGF-ß/Smad, Akt, and p38 MAPK signaling pathways.

17.
Anal Chem ; 92(13): 9399-9404, 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438806

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a public health emergency. The reverse transcriptase real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) test is currently considered as the gold standard in the laboratory for the etiological detection of COVID-19. However, qRT-PCR results could be false-negative due to the inadequate sensitivity of qRT-PCR. In this study, we have developed and evaluated a novel one-step single-tube nested quantitative real-time PCR (OSN-qRT-PCR) assay for the highly sensitive detection of SARS-CoV-2 targeting the ORF1ab and N genes. The sensitivity of the OSN-qRT-PCR assay was 1 copy/reaction and 10-fold higher than that of the commercial qRT-PCR kit (10 copies/reaction). The clinical performance of the OSN-qRT-PCR assay was evaluated using 181 clinical samples. Among them, 14 qRT-PCR-negative samples (7 had no repetitive results and 7 had no cycle threshold (CT) values) were detected by OSN-qRT-PCR. Moreover, the 7 qRT-PCR-positives in the qRT-PCR gray zone (CT values of ORF1ab ranged from 37.48 to 39.07, and CT values of N ranged from 37.34 to 38.75) were out of the gray zone and thus were deemed to be positive by OSN-qRT-PCR, indicating that the positivity of these samples is confirmative. Compared to the qRT-PCR kit, the OSN-qRT-PCR assay revealed higher sensitivity and specificity, showing better suitability to clinical applications for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in patients with low viral load.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/genética , Pandemias , Fosfoproteínas , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Poliproteínas , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Proteínas Virais/genética
18.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 3269-3277, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256822

RESUMO

As a polyphenolic compound, resveratrol (Res) is widely distributed in a variety of plants. Previous studies have demonstrated that Res can inhibit various different types of tumor growth. However, its role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains largely unknown. The present study first demonstrated that Res inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in RCC 786-O cells. Further experiments revealed that Res damaged the mitochondria and activated caspase 3. In contrast, Z-VAD-FMK, a pan-caspase inhibitor, suppressed Res-induced apoptosis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were involved in the process of Res-induced apoptosis, and antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine could significantly attenuate this. Furthermore, Res activated c-Jun N-terminal kinase via ROS to induce autophagy, whereas inhibition of autophagy with chloroquine or Beclin 1 small interfering RNA aggravated Res-induced apoptosis, indicating that autophagy served as a pro-survival mechanism to protect 786-O cells from Res-induced apoptosis. Therefore, a combination of Res and autophagy inhibitors could enhance the inhibitory effect of Res on RCC.

19.
Front Immunol ; 11: 421, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32269564

RESUMO

Hypoxia and ischemia are the main underlying pathogenesis of stroke and other neurological disorders. Cerebral hypoxia and/or ischemia (e.g., stroke) can lead to neuronal injury/death and eventually cause serious neurological disorders or even death in the patients. Despite knowing these serious consequences, there are limited neuroprotective strategies against hypoxic and ischemic insults in clinical settings. Recent studies indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) are of great importance in regulating cerebral responses to hypoxic/ischemic stress in addition to the neuroprotective effect of the δ-opioid receptor (DOR). Moreover, new discovery shows that DOR can regulate miRNA expression and inhibit inflammatory responses to hypoxia/ischemia. We, therefore, summarize available data in current literature regarding the role of DOR and miRNAs in regulating the neuroinflammatory responses in this article. In particular, we focus on microglia activation, cytokine production, and the relevant signaling pathways triggered by cerebral hypoxia/ischemia. The intent of this review article is to provide a novel clue for developing new strategies against neuroinflammatory injury resulting from cerebral hypoxia/ischemia.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 126: 110059, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208321

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) ranks as the ninth common human tumor in the world with an increasing incidence. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been revealed to exhibit promotive or suppressive impacts on tumor progression of various human cancers, including BC. However, due to the variety of circRNAs, the whole circRNAs network in BC remains unclear. In our study, differentially expressed circRNAs between BC and normal samples in GSE92675 dataset was analyzed by microarray. Circ_102336 was identified to be sharply increased in both BC tissue samples and cell lines, and increased circ_102336 is correlated with a worse overall survival rate of BC patients. Overexpression of circ_102336 dramatically increased the cell proliferation viability of T24 and 5637 cells, while knockdown of circ_102336 exhibited opposite effects. Moreover, circ_102336 knockdown could increase the sensitivity of T24 and 5637 cells to CDDP. In mechanism, circ_102336 was demonstrated to directly bind to and negatively regulate miR-515-5p. Inhibition of miR-515-5p reversed the repressive effects of si-circ_102336 on BC cell proliferation viability. KEGG analysis showed that ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and apoptosis were the major two pathways associated with circ_102336/miR-515-5p axis. therefore, we suggested that circ_102336 indirectly regulate apoptosis and ABC transport pathways through miR-515-5p to finally modulate BC cell proliferation and chemo-resistance.

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