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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32069006

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can degrade organic compounds and function as a broad-spectrum disinfectant. Here, dopamine methacrylamide (DMA) was used to prepare catechol-containing microgels, which can release ROS via metal-catechol interaction. A combination of the microgel and iron magnetic nanoparticle (FeMNP) significantly reduced the concentration of four organic dyes (Alizarin Red S, Rhodamine B, Crystal Violet, and Malachite Green) and an antibiotic drug, ciprofloxacin, dissolved in solution. Degradation of dye occurred across a wide range of pH levels (pH 3-9). This simple combination was also antimicrobial against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) results indicate that singlet oxygen was generated during the reaction between catechol and FeMNP at both pH 3 and 7.4, which was responsible for the degradation of organic compounds and bactericidal features of the microgel. Unlike autoxidation that only occurs at a neutral to basic pH, FeMNP-induced catechol oxidation generated singlet oxygen over a wide range of pH level. Additionally, catechol chelates heavy metal ions, resulting in their removal from solution and repurposed these metal ions for dye degradation. This multifunctional microgel can potentially be used for environmental applications for the removal of organic pollutants and heavy metal ions from wastewater, as well as reducing bacterial infection in biomedical applications.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3094, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080227

RESUMO

Involvement of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the regulation of gene expression in cis has been well studied in eukaryotes but relatively little is known whether and how lncRNAs affect gene expression in tans. In Arabidopsis thaliana, COLDAIR, a previously reported lncRNA, is produced from the first intron of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), which encodes a repressor of flowering time. Our results indicated that the exogenously overexpressed COLDAIR enhances the expression of FLC in trans, resulting in a late-flowering phenotype. In 35S-COLDAIR lines, the enhanced expression of FLC is correlated with the down-regulation of the repressive histone mark H3K27me3 and with the up-regulation of the active histone mark H3K4me3 at the FLC chromatin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that overexpression of intronic lncRNAs from several other H3K27me3-enriched MADS-box genes also activates the expression of their host genes. This study suggests that the involvement of overexpressed intronic lncRNAs in gene activation may be conserved in H3K27me3-enriched genes in eukaryotes.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087972

RESUMO

In both normal turnover of the hepatic tissue and acute hepatic injury, the liver predominantly activates terminally differentiated hepatocytes to proliferate and repair. However, in chronic and severe chronic injury, this capacity fails, and liver progenitor cells (LPCs) can give rise to hepatocytes to restore both hepatic architecture and liver metabolic function. Although the promotion of LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation to acquire a considerable number of functional hepatocytes could serve as a potentially new therapeutic option for patients with end-stage liver disease, its development first requires the identification of the molecular mechanisms driving this process. Here, we found that the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), a progenitor cell marker, regulates the differentiation of LPCs into hepatocytes through Notch1 signaling pathway. Western blotting (WB) revealed a consistent expression pattern of EpCAM and Notch1 during LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro. Additionally, overexpression of EpCAM blocked LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation, which was in consistent with the repressive role of Notch signaling during hepatic differentiation. WB and immunofluorescence data also showed that the upregulation of EpCAM expression increased the generation of Notch intracellular domain (N1ICD), indicating the promotion of Notch1 activity. Our results established the EpCAM-Notch1 signaling axis as an inhibitory mechanism preventing LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro.

4.
Food Chem ; 317: 126422, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088402

RESUMO

Myosin light chain isoform 1 (MLC1) is reported to be a novel allergen in crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). However, little information is available about its allergic epitopes. In this study, recombinant crayfish MLC1 (rMLC1) was expressed and confirmed by mass spectrometry. Circular dichroic analysis and serological test were performed for the measuring of structural and immunological properties of rMLC1. Specific-protein-A-enriched IgG raised in rabbits against purified rMLC1 was used to screen a phage display random peptide library. Nine MLC1 mimotope clones were identified among 16 random clones after biopanning. Five conformational epitopes were identified with the program LocaPep, and mapped into 3 epitope regions at the antibody-binding interface of MLC1. MLC1 of crayfish showed high primary and secondary structure identity to MLC of other allergenic species, its epitopes were located in the structure conserved regions, and its cross-reactivity among related species was indicated by immunological assays.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2662, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060343

RESUMO

In the last few years, V-domain Ig-containing suppressor of T cell activation(VISTA) has been reported as a prognostic biomarker in articles including various solid tumours. However, their conclusions have been controversial. For this reason, we performed this meta-analysis to further verify the prognostic value of VISTA in solid tumours. All relevant literature was identified from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Ten studies, including 2, 440 patients, were eligible for the analysis. The pooled results showed that high expression of VISTA was associated with favourable overall survival (OS) than that seen with low expression of VISTA (7 studies, hazard ratio (HR) = 0.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.66-0.86, P < 0.001). In addition, high expression of VISTA significantly correlated with high numbers of CD8 (+) tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) (3 studies, risk ratio (RR) = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.41-2.31, P < 0.001). In conclusion, these results indicate that VISTA is a potential prognostic biomarker in solid tumours.

7.
Pituitary ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060708

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Growth hormone (GH) therapy has been studied as treatment for clinical manifestations of adult-onset growth hormone deficiency (AO-GHD), including cardiovascular risk, bone health, and quality of life. Patients with AO-GHD typically also have significant history of pituitary pathology and hypopituitarism, which raises the question of what proportion of their clinical presentation can be attributed to GHD alone. Currently, much of the existing data for GH therapy in AO-GHD come from uncontrolled retrospective studies and observational protocols. These considerations require careful reassessment of the role of GH as a therapeutic agent in adult patients with hypopituitarism. METHODS: We contrast results from placebo-controlled trials with those from uncontrolled and retrospective studies for GH replacement in patients with hypopituitarism. We also examine the evidence for the manifestations of AO-GHD being attributed to GHD alone, as well as the data on adults with congenital, life-long untreated isolated GHD. RESULTS: The evidence for increased morbidity and mortality in hypopituitary patients with GHD, and for the benefits of GH therapy, are conflicting. There remains the possibility that the described clinical manifestations of AO-GHD may not be due to GHD alone, but may also be related to underlying pituitary pathology, treatment history and suboptimal hormone replacement. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of inconsistent data on the benefits of GH therapy, treatment of AO-GHD remains an individualized decision. There is a need for more randomized, placebo-controlled studies to evaluate the long-term outcomes of GH therapy in adults with hypopituitarism.

8.
Int J Pharm ; 577: 119089, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001292

RESUMO

Ligustrazine (or Tetramethylpyrazine, TMP) is an active pharmaceutical ingredient that faces the challenges of bitter taste and low oral bioavailability by the commercial phosphate salt (TMP-Pho). We tackled these challenges by forming salts with two sweeteners, acesulfame (Acs) and saccharine (Sac). Both salts effectively masked the bitter taste of TMP. Compared to TMP-Pho, TMP-Sac shows 43% lower solubility and 11% lower permeability while TMP-Acs shows higher (two-fold) solubility but 24% lower permeability. Both TMP-Acs and TMP-Sac exhibited approximately 40% higher bioavailability through reducing the rate of TMP absorption. Thus, salt formation with both sweeteners simultaneously addressed the challenges brought about by the bitter taste and lower bioavailability of TMP.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 290-295, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the related factors influencing plasma transfusion efficacy so as to improve the plasma transfusion efficiency. METHODS: According to the clinical symptoms and the laboratorial results, the patients were divided into transfusion efficient and inefficient groups. A total of13090.8 units of plasma were transfused to 4423 patients. The clinical symptoms and the hemorrhage related index per- and pro-transfusion, plasma components sorts, storage time, and the dose of plasma (kg/ml) transfusion were analyzed. RESULTS: The largest transfusion volume of plasma were in intensive care unit (ICU) accounted for 30.36%, the largest blood plasma per patient transfusion was in cardiac surgery (3.96 U). The analysis of transfusion efficiency showed that in terms of patient age, there were difference in transfusion efficiency among the patients with different ages (P<0.001). The effective transfusion rate in the group of age <18 was 53%, which was higher than that in group of age 18-60(41%) and group of age >60 (30%); in terms of sex, the effective transfusion rate in female group was higher than that in male group (42% vs 37%) (P<0.001); in terms of transfusion plasma volume/body weight, there were differences in transfusion efficiency (P>0.05). The multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed that there was no significant correlation among the plasma sorts, storage time of the plasma pre-transfusion and transfusion efficiency(P>0.05). The analysis of the non-hemolytic fever reaction caused by plasma transfusion revealed that there was no statistical difference between the plasma and the leukocyte-depleted plasma groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The plasma transfusion effectiveness relates with age and sex, but not relates with the transfusion plasma voume/body weight, plasma sorts, and the duration of storage.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976763

RESUMO

Background: This study aims at investigating the effect of the Weifufang, an effective prescription for the treatment of gastric cancer developed by the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)/Combination of TCM and Western Medicine Department of the Hunan Cancer Hospital, on gastric cancer xenografts in nude mice and its effect on the PTEN gene; it also aims at exploring the possible tumor suppression mechanism. Methods: Nude mice with xenografts were treated with different concentrations of the Weifufang for 2 weeks, and changes in tumor volume were observed. The histopathology of the tumor was detected by hematoxylin and eosin staining; PTEN gene expression in tumor tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blot. Results: After 2 weeks of treatment, tumor inhibition rates in the 5-flourouracil (5-fu) group, and in the Weifufang low-, middle-, and high-dose groups were 30.67%, 19%, 49.52%, and 29.36%, respectively. The IOD of the PTEN gene was detected by IHC. The values in the water group, the 5-fu group, and the Weifufang low-, middle-, and high-dose groups were 0.013 ± 0.004, 0.085 ± 0.062, 0.041 ± 0.024, 0.128 ± 0.032, and 0.061 ± 0.052, respectively. Except for the 5-fu group, the differences between the gastric compound middle dose-group and the other groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Results of PTEN expression detection by western blot: The expression levels in the water group, 5-fu group, and the Weifufang low-, middle-, and high-dose groups were 0.2240 ± 0.0172, 0.4200 ± 0.0228, 0.2760 ± 0.0163, 0.3840 ± 0.0133, and 0.3040 ± 0.0211, respectively. Except for the 5-fu group, differences between the Weifufang middle-dose group and the other groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The Weifufang may inhibit the growth of gastric cancer xenografts by upregulating PTEN gene expression. The middle-dose group had the best effect.

11.
Blood ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951650

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells have radically improved the treatment of B cell-derived malignancies by targeting CD19. The success has not yet expanded to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We developed a Sequentially Tumor-selected Antibody and antigen Retrieval (STAR) system to rapidly isolate multiple nanobodies (Nbs) that both preferentially bind AML cells and empower CAR T cells with anti-AML efficacy. The STAR-isolated Nb157 specifically bound CD13, which is highly expressed in AML cells, and CD13 CAR T cells potently eliminated AML in vitro and in vivo. CAR T cells bi-specific for CD13 and TIM3, which is upregulated in AML leukemia stem cells, eradicated patient-derived AML, with much reduced toxicity to human bone marrow stem cells and peripheral myeloid cells in mouse models, highlighting a promising approach for developing effective AML CAR T therapy.

12.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 64: 101666, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen increased interest in the role of neighborhood factors in chronic diseases such as cancers. Less is known about the role of neighborhood factors beyond individual demographics such as age or education. It is particularly important to examine neighborhood effects on health among African American men and women, considering the disproportionate impact of cancer on this group. This study evaluated the unique contribution of neighborhood characteristics (e.g., racial/ethnic diversity, income) beyond individual demographics, to cancer control behaviors in African American men and women. METHODS: Individual-level data were drawn from a national survey (N = 2,222). Participants' home addresses were geocoded and merged with neighborhood data from the American Community Survey. Multi-level regressions examined the unique contribution of neighborhood characteristics beyond individual demographics, to a variety of cancer risk, prevention, and screening behaviors. RESULTS: Neighborhood racial/ethnic diversity, median income, and percentage of home ownership made modest significant contributions beyond individual factors, in particular to smoking status where these factors were associated with lower likelihood of smoking (ps < .05). Men living in neighborhoods with older residents, and greater income and home ownership were significantly more likely to report prostate specific antigen testing (ps < .05). Regional analyses suggested different neighborhood factors were associated with smoking status depending on the region. CONCLUSION: Findings provide a more nuanced understanding of the interplay of social determinants of health and neighborhood social environment among African American men and women, with implications for cancer control interventions to eliminate cancer disparities.

13.
Cardiorenal Med ; : 1-9, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962333

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Angiopoietin-like protein 7 (ANGPTL7) is involved in extracellular matrix expression and inflammatory responses. However, the prognostic utility of ANGPTL7 among patients with acute heart failure (AHF) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between ANGPTL7 and short-term mortality due to AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with AHF were prospectively studied. Serum levels of ANGPTL7 were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Associations between 30- and 90-day mortality and tertiles of ANGPTL7 were assessed by multivariate logistic regression models. The study comprised 142 patients. Median patient age was 68 years, and 69.7% were male. There were 20 deaths within 30 days and 37 deaths within 90 days. Crude rates of 30-day mortality in low, intermediate, and high tertiles of ANGPTL7 were 4.6, 14.6, and 22.9%, respectively. Crude rates of 90-day mortality of corresponding tertiles were 15.2, 25.0, and 37.5%. After adjusting for potential confounders, including NT-proBNP, the high tertile of ANGPTL7 was associated with a significantly increased risk of both 30-day mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 6.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.41-32.61, p = 0.017) and 90-day mortality (OR: 3.78, 95% CI: 1.38-10.36, p = 0.010) compared with the low tertile of ANGPTL7. Although mortality risk tended to be higher in the intermediate tertile than the low tertile, it did not reach statistical significance (OR: 3.75, 95% CI: 0.73-19.14, p = 0.113 for 30-day mortality; OR: 1.88, 95% CI: 0.66-5.34, p = 0.236 for 90-day mortality). CONCLUSIONS: Serum level of ANGPTL7 was independently associated with short-term mortality among patients with AHF.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(4): 5017-5024, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903747

RESUMO

P2-type Fe- and Mn-based layered sodium transition metal oxides are promising positive electrode materials for sodium batteries due to their high energy density and low costs of the constituting transition metals. However, poor structural reversibility and fast capacity decay have prevented their breakthrough so far. Herein, the real-time dynamic phase transitions and capacity fading mechanism of the P2 Na0.67Fe0.5Mn0.5O2 positive electrode are revealed by operando X-ray diffraction, operando/ex situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, neutron powder diffraction, and neutron pair distribution functions. Upon the desodiation process, a layered OP4 phase with long-range order is found as an intermediate state. With further deep desodiation, the formation of a Na-depleted ramsdellite phase with a short coherent length of 30 Å is observed for the first time. However, the transition from OP4 to ramsdellite is considered to be irreversible due to the breakdown of the layered structural characteristics, resulting in poor cycling performance in a variety of Fe-based layered sodium transition metal oxides. This work suggests that stabilizing the crystal structure by substitution or chemical modification can be a favorable strategy to avoid the degradation of positive electrodes and thus to improve the cycling performance.

15.
Oncol Rep ; 43(2): 405-414, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894341

RESUMO

Living tumors are of great scientific value for clinical medicine and basic research, especially for drug testing. An increasing number of drug tests fail due to the use of imperfect models. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel method combining vitrification­based cryopreservation of tumor biopsies and precision­cut slice cultivation for the assessment of anticancer drug responses. Biological characteristics of rectal cancer liver metastasis biopsies could be retained by vitrification­based cryopreservation. The patient­derived xenograft models were successfully established using both fresh and warmed biopsy tissues. Precision­cut slicing provided a similar three­dimensional architecture and heterogeneity to the original tumor. The positive drug responses in the xenograft model were consistent with those in precision­cut slice cultures in vitro. The present study demonstrated that live tumor biopsies could be preserved using vitrification­based cryopreservation. The warmed tissues developed xenograft tumors, which were also useful for either in vivo or in vitro anticancer drug testing. Precision­cut slices derived from the warmed tissues provided an efficient tool to assess anticancer drug response in vitro.

16.
Chem Asian J ; 15(1): 163-168, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774941

RESUMO

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) have been greatly developed in recent years owing to their abundant advantages for full-color displays and general-purpose lightings. Blue emitters not only provide one of the primary colors of the RGB (red, green and blue) display system to reduce the power consumption of OLEDs, but are able able to generate light of all colors, including blue, green, red, and white by energy transfer processes in devices. However, it remains a challenge to achieve high-performance blue electroluminescence, especially for nondoped devices. In this paper, we report a blue light emitting molecule, DPAC-AnPCN, which consists of 9,9-diphenyl-9,10-dihydroacridine and p-benzonitrile substituted anthracene moieties. The asymmetrically decoration on anthracene with different groups on its 9 and 10 positions combines the merits of the respective constructing units and endows DPAC-AnPCN with pure blue emission, high solid-state efficiency, good thermal stability and appropriate HOMO and LUMO energy levels. Furthermore, DPAC-AnPCN can be applied in a nondoped device to effectively reduce the fabrication complexity and cost. The nondoped device exhibits pure blue electroluminescence (EL) locating at 464 nm with CIE coordinates of (0.15, 0.15). Moreover, it maintains high efficiency at relatively high luminescence. The maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) reaches 6.04 % and still remains 5.31 % at the luminance of 1000 cd m-2 showing a very small efficiency roll-off.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 703: 134620, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767330

RESUMO

Terrestrial Nitrogen (N) loading in the environment has seen a steady increase over the past several decades as a result of more intensive anthropogenic activities. Quantifying N loading for an extended period is important for effective N management. In this study, a statistical model is constructed to describe the relationship between N loading and anthropogenic activities at watershed scale for 211 watersheds covering the entire land area of China. Subsequently, a portfolio optimization model is used to optimize the future management efforts of the long-term N loading. Our results show that N loading in China due to anthropogenic activities has increased significantly over the past 60 years (1949-2010), with the rate of increase at approximately 1 Tg N/year. When designing future N loading management strategies, the next 30 years is divided into three temporal stages and assume that the total amount of expenditure is fixed. The results of portfolio optimization analysis show that the best allocations of management efforts (e.g. capital investments, making new policies, improving technology, or alike) among three temporal stages are 28.55% (2021-2030), 71.45% (2031-2040) and 0 (2041-2050). Furthermore, it is suggested that the future population growth scenario has the largest influence on the results of the portfolio optimization analysis.

18.
Blood ; 135(3): 167-180, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805184

RESUMO

NF-κB is a key regulator of inflammation and cancer progression, with an important role in leukemogenesis. Despite its therapeutic potential, targeting NF-κB using pharmacologic inhibitors has proven challenging. Here, we describe a myeloid cell-selective NF-κB inhibitor using an miR-146a mimic oligonucleotide conjugated to a scavenger receptor/Toll-like receptor 9 agonist (C-miR146a). Unlike an unconjugated miR146a, C-miR146a was rapidly internalized and delivered to the cytoplasm of target myeloid cells and leukemic cells. C-miR146a reduced expression of classic miR-146a targets (IRAK1 and TRAF6), thereby blocking activation of NF-κB in target cells. IV injections of C-miR146a mimic to miR-146a-deficient mice prevented excessive NF-κB activation in myeloid cells, and thus alleviated myeloproliferation and mice hypersensitivity to bacterial challenge. Importantly, C-miR146a showed efficacy in dampening severe inflammation in clinically relevant models of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell-induced cytokine release syndrome. Systemic administration of C-miR146a oligonucleotide alleviated human monocyte-dependent release of IL-1 and IL-6 in a xenotransplanted B-cell lymphoma model without affecting CD19-specific CAR T-cell antitumor activity. Beyond anti-inflammatory functions, miR-146a is a known tumor suppressor commonly deleted or expressed at reduced levels in human myeloid leukemia. Using The Cancer Genome Atlas acute myeloid leukemia data set, we found an inverse correlation of miR-146a levels with NF-κB-related genes and with patient survival. Correspondingly, C-miR146a induced cytotoxic effects in human MDSL, HL-60, and MV4-11 leukemia cells in vitro. The repeated IV administration of C-miR146a inhibited expression of NF-κB target genes and thereby thwarted progression of disseminated HL-60 leukemia. Our results show the potential of using myeloid cell-targeted miR-146a mimics for the treatment of inflammatory and myeloproliferative disorders.

19.
Plant Cell Rep ; 39(2): 181-194, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713664

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: GbWRKY1 can function as a negative regulator of ABA signaling via JAZ1 and ABI1, with effects on salt and drought tolerance. WRKY transcription factors play important roles in plant development and stress responses. GbWRKY1 was initially identified as a defense-related gene in cotton and negatively regulates the response to fungal pathogens by activating the expression of JAZ1. Here, we characterized the role of GbWRKY1, an orthologue of the Arabidopsis gene AtWRKY75, in abiotic stress (salt and drought) and established novel connection between JAZ1 and ABA signaling in Arabidopsis. GbWRKY1 is nucleus localized and its expression is significantly induced by treatment with ABA and osmotic stresses NaCl and PEG. Increased levels of expression of GbWRKY1 in transgenic Arabidopsis enhance sensitivity to salt and drought as revealed by seed germination tests and soil stress experiments. Similarly, GbWRKY1 overexpression cotton plants also display increased sensitivity to PEG treatment and drought. Expression analysis shows that the induction of two ABA responsive genes, RAB18 and RD29A by NaCl, mannitol, and ABA treatment is significantly impaired in GbWRKY1 overexpression Arabidopsis lines. GbWRKY1 overexpression Arabidopsis displays a strong ABA-insensitive phenotype at both germination and early stages of seedling development. Further genetic evidence suggested that the ABA-insensitive phenotype of GbWRKY1 overexpression Arabidopsis was dependent on JAZ1, and overexpression of JAZ1 also displayed an ABA-insensitive phenotype. In addition, yeast two hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays showed that JAZ1 directly interacts with ABI1, a key negative regulator of ABA signaling. We, therefore, demonstrate that GbWRKY1 acts as a negative regulator of ABA signaling, through an interaction network involving JAZ1 and ABI1, to regulate salt and drought tolerance.

20.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 45(1): 47-54, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623021

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil infiltration in patients with sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) is significantly high. Whether IL-17, which is a potent factor mediating neutrophilic inflammation, is involved in the neutrophilic phenotype of SNIP is investigated in the current study. STUDY DESIGN: Laboratorial study. PARTICIPANTS: Nasal papilloma and inferior turbinate were collected from patients with SNIP (n = 50) and control subjects with septal deviation (n = 15). METHODS: IL-17 + cells were evaluated in tissues obtained from patients with SNIP and control subjects with septal deviation, by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The IL-17 + cells were mainly localised in mononuclear cells and neutrophils, and were up-regulated in the SNIP samples compared with those in the controls. The IL-17 + T-cell subsets mainly included CD4+ (Th17, 60.0%) and CD8+ (Tc17, 30.0%), and both subsets were enhanced in the SNIP samples than controls. The total level of IL-17 + cells was significantly correlated with neutrophil infiltration in the SNIP tissues. Furthermore, the SNIP homogenates could significantly promote IL-17 production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in IL-17 + cells is evident in SNIP and may be involved in neutrophil infiltration in local tissues. IL-17 could be a potential therapeutic target to relieve the neutrophilic pathological change in SNIP.

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