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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410447

RESUMO

Two fragments of the COVID-19 genome (specific and homologous) were used as two inputs to construct an AND logic gate for COVID-19 detection based on exonuclease III and DNAzyme. The detection sensitivity of the assay can reach fM levels. Satisfactory recovery values were obtained in real sample analysis.

2.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 45, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Age-related bone loss plays a vital role in the development of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture. Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) senescence is highly associated with osteoporosis and limits the application of BMSCs in regenerative medicine. Hypoxia is an essential component for maintaining the normal physiology of BMSCs. We have reported that activation of hypoxia-induced factor by deletion of von Hippel-Lindau gene in osteochondral progenitor cells protected mice from aging-induced bone loss. However, whether pharmacologically manipulation of hypoxic niche would attenuate age-related bone loss and dysfunction of BMSCs is not well understood. METHODS: Twelve-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats were used as an aged model and were intraperitoneally injected with Desferal® (20, 60 mg/kg weight or vehicle), three times a week for a continuous 8-week period. Two-month-old young rats were set as a reference. After 8 weeks, micro-CT and HE staining were performed to determine the effect of Desferal® on bone loss. In order to investigate the effects of Desferal® on BMSC senescence, 12-month-old rats were treated with high-dose Desferal® (60 mg/kg weight) daily for 10 days. BMSCs were isolated and evaluated using CCK-8 assay, colony-forming cell assay, cell differentiation assay, laser confocal for reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, senescence-associated ß-galactosidase (SA-ß-gal) staining, and molecular expression test for stemness/senescence-associated genes. RESULTS: Micro-CT and HE staining showed that high-dose Desferal® significantly prevented bone loss in aged rats. Compared with vehicle group, the ex vivo experiments showed that short-term Desferal® administration could promote the potential of BMSC growth (proliferation and colony formation ability) and improve the rebalance of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation, as well as rejuvenate senescent BMSCs (ROS level and SA-ß-gal staining) and revise the expression of stemness/senescence-associated genes. The potential of BMSCs from 12M-H-Desferal® group at least partly revised to the level close to 2-month-old group. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggested that Desferal®, an iron-chelating agent, could alleviate age-related bone loss in middle-aged rats. Meanwhile, we found that short-term intraperitoneal injection of Desferal® partly rejuvenate BMSCs from aged rats. Overall, we demonstrated a novel role of Desferal® in rejuvenating aged BMSCs and preventing age-related bone loss.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 113830, 2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465438

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Glechoma have been abundantly used for thousands of years in China as folk treatments for cholelithiasis, urolithiasis, inflammation, and other conditions. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review discusses the potential application of Glechoma as an herbal medicine. The plant characteristics, ethnobotanical uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Glechoma are summarized as a guide for phytochemical and pharmacological investigations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various search engines including SciFinder, Google Scholar, Scopus-Elsevier, Medline, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for publications on Glechoma using relevant keywords. Additionally, local records, books, and non-English journals were screened up to October 2020. RESULTS: The phytochemistry of several Glechoma plants has been systematically studied, and over one hundred different compounds have been isolated and identified. Terpenoids, flavonoids and polyphenols are the major secondary metabolites. Crude extracts and isolated compounds have been shown to exhibit various pharmacological activities including prevention of nephrolithiasis, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anticomplement, antimicrobial, antioxidant, depigmenting, anticancer, and antiviral activities, among others. CONCLUSION: Glechoma species have been used as folk medicine to treat various diseases and have diverse biological activities, making them valuable starting materials for drug development. However, in most cases the pharmacological mechanisms, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, safety, and possible interactions with other drugs remain to be determined.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e23966, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) belongs to chronic colitis whose etiology and pathogenesis still have remained unclear. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been demonstrated to be effective for UC therapy. Still, evidence of its efficacy and safety is inconclusive. The purpose of the protocol is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HBOT in UC therapy. METHODS: This systematic review will retrieve studies that meet the requirements in Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), China national knowledge infrastructure database (CNKI), Wei Pu database, Wan fang database, SinoMed, Google scholar, and Baidu Scholar from their inception to November 2020. Two authors are to be independent in their article selection, data collection, and research quality assessments. The primary outcome is the clinical effectiveness. And the secondary outcomes will include 4 criteria. RevMan 5.3 software will be utilized for analysis of the data. RESULTS: The results of this study are to be submitted via a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSIONS: The study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of HBOT for UC and provide valid and reliable evidence regarding HBOT for UC. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020100118.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/normas , Humanos , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/instrumentação , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Food Funct ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433547

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the complex and severe complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). Icariin (ICA) is a flavonoid extracted from the leaves and stems of Herba epimedii with a wide range of pharmacological effects, such as anti-osteoporosis, anti-fibrosis, anti-aging, anti-inflammation and antioxidation. The purpose of our study was to explore the renal protective effect of ICA on DN in mice and its possible mechanisms. ICR mice were exposed to STZ-induced DN. The kidney organ coefficient of mice was computed. 24 h UP in urine was measured. Serum FBG, Cr and BUN were detected. The content of MDA and the activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px in renal tissues were tested. HE staining, PAS staining, PASM staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe renal pathological changes. Furthermore, TLR4, p-NF-κB p65, TNF-α and IL-6 of renal tissues were assayed by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Our results indicated that ICA observably optimized the renal organ coefficient, reduced the level of 24 h UP in urine, decreased the content of Cr, BUN in serum and MDA in renal tissues, promoted the activities of SOD, CAT and GSH-Px in renal tissues, and ameliorated pathological lesions of kidneys noticeably. Besides, ICA inhibited the expressions of TLR4, p-NF-κB p65, TNF-α and IL-6 remarkably in renal tissues. ICA, which might lighten the renal inflammatory response by suppressing the TLR4/NF-κB signal pathway, played a protective role in kidneys of STZ-induced DN mice.

7.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33447902

RESUMO

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) affects the mitochondrial function, which is potentially related to susceptibility to ischemic stroke (IS). However, study on IS genetics by whole mitochondrial genome sequencing has not been extensively explored. Therefore, a two-stage study was designed to explore the relationship between the whole mitochondrial genome variants and IS. In the first stage, whole mitochondrial genomes of 52 IS patients and 55 controls were sequenced by next-generation sequencing. Fifty-three mtDNA mutation sites which may be related to the pathogenesis of IS were discovered. Nine unreported mtDNA variation sites were found for the first time. In the second larger Chinese cohort, we confirmed that m.T195C and m.T12338C in the mitochondrial D-loop region were the protective factors of IS, especially m.T195C and m.C311T in the LAA subtype. In conclusion, our study provided population genetic information and a reference for IS-relevant research, with wide applications in diagnosis, therapeutic treatments and prediction of IS.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464055

RESUMO

Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles with interconnected tubule structures that are sensitive to environmental stress and light illumination. Super-resolution optical imaging of mitochondrial dynamics is of significance for understanding such biological events. Direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy has the advantages of a high spatial resolution, low phototoxicity in live-cell imaging, and the capacity to incorporate smart fluorescent probes. However, dSTORM imaging in live cells is challenging because of the requirement for an imaging buffer and a low temporal resolution. In this work, we achieved dSTORM imaging of mitochondrial dynamics in live cells with a disulfide-substituted Cy5 probe without using any toxic imaging buffer. Under the illumination of very low laser power, the probe exhibited spontaneous photoblinking triggered by disulfide-bond reduction in mitochondria of live cells. The obtained thiol attacked nearby carbon to form a six-membered ring and the reversible opening/closing of the ring produced spontaneous photoblinking behavior. With this new STORM strategy, we achieved observation of mitochondrial dynamics for more than 3 min, which provides a promising tool for further studies of mitochondria with an ultrafine structure.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33421124

RESUMO

Follicular T helper (Tfh) cells play important roles in facilitating B-cell differentiation and inducing the antibody response in humoral immunity and immune-associated inflammatory diseases, including infections, autoimmune diseases, and cancers. However, Tfh cell differentiation is mainly achieved through self-directed differentiation regulation and the indirect regulation mechanism of antigen-presenting cells (APCs). During the direct intrinsic differentiation of naïve CD4+ T cells into Tfh cells, Bcl-6, as the characteristic transcription factor, plays the core role of transcriptional regulation. APCs indirectly drive Tfh cell differentiation mainly by changing cytokine secretion mechanisms. Altered metabolic signaling is also critically involved in Tfh cell differentiation. This review summarizes the recent progress in understanding the direct and indirect regulatory signals and metabolic mechanisms of Tfh cell differentiation and function in immune-associated diseases.

10.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479888

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of long-term exposure on oxidative damage, Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway, and Msr-related redox status in the kidneys of rats. Therefore, in this experimental study, a total of 32 CD-1 rats were randomized into 4 groups and treated with 30-, 60-, and 120-mg/kg Cu for 24 weeks. Different serum biomarkers suggestive of renal functions, pathological changes, and oxidative stress were analyzed in kidney tissues. Moreover, the levels of the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and redox status-related gene mRNA and proteins were also detected. The results indicated that Cu exposure dramatically increased the contents of creatinine and carbamide. Furthermore, histopathological alterations and mitochondrial damage in kidneys of rats of different Cu-treated groups were obviously observed. In addition, Cu exposure markedly changed the levels of glutathione, catalase, and total antioxidant capacity, and upregulated the contents of protein carbonyl, nitric oxide, and malondialdehyde. Moreover, higher levels of Cu treatments significantly increased the expression of Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and redox status-related genes (NQO1, SOD-1, TRX, MsrA, MsrB1, MsrB2, MsrB3). Simultaneously, the mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, and CAT were upregulated in rats exposed to 30- and 60-mg/kg Cu, but downregulated in the 120-mg/kg Cu group compared with the control group. Moreover, the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and redox status-related protein expression levels (HO-1, SOD-1, TRX, MsrA, MsrB1, MsrB2) were significantly increased in treated rats. In summary, it is suggested that the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway and activation of Msr prevent Cu-induced nephrotoxicity and attenuate oxidative damage.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 760: 143949, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340737

RESUMO

Using diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) is a recently developed alternative method of rapidly evaluating the bioavailability of metals in soil. However, the method has found only limited application in systematic assessment of the bioavailability of cadmium (Cd) in red limestone paddy soils treated with different soil amendments. Of the four methods compared for estimating Cd content of rice grains from plants grown in such soils of central China treated with eleven different soil amendments in pot culture, Cd content of DGT-labile soil was significantly correlated to Cd concentrations in brown rice (R = 0.447, p < 0.01). The other three methods involved CaCl2, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), or NH4NO3. Some other properties of soil, such as pH, redox potential, content of dissolved organic matter, and cation exchange capacity were also determined. A simple algorithm developed to evaluate the sensitivity of the four methods also confirmed DGT as the most efficient method to predict the bioavailability of Cd in red limestone paddy soils.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cádmio/análise , China , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
12.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375592

RESUMO

Dietary fiber intake during pregnancy may improve offspring intestinal development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal high fiber intake during late gestation on intestinal morphology, microbiota, and intestinal proteome of newborn piglets. Sixteen sows were randomly allocated into two groups receiving the control diet (CD) and high-fiber diet (HFD) from day 90 of gestation to farrowing. Newborn piglets were selected from each litter, named as CON and Fiber group, respectively. Maternal high fiber intake did not markedly improve the birth weight, but increased the body length, the ileal crypt depth and colonic acetate level. In addition, maternal high fiber intake increased the -diversity indices (Observed species, Simpson, and ACE), and the abundance of Acidobacteria and Bacteroidetes at phylum level, significantly increased the abundance of Bradyrhizobium and Phyllobacterium at genus level in the colon of newborn piglets. Moreover, maternal high fiber intake markedly altered the ileal proteome, increasing the abundances of proteins associated with oxidative status, energy metabolism, and immune and inflammatory responses, and decreasing abundances of proteins related to cellular apoptosis, cell structure, and motility. These findings indicated that maternal high fiber intake could alter intestinal morphology, along with the altered intestinal microbiota composition and proteome of offspring.

13.
Clin Otolaryngol ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). DESIGN AND SETTING: A retrospective analysis of patients with LSCC was conducted in our hospitals. Clinical information, including age, sex, TNM classification and other demographic and clinical data, was acquired and analysed. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated and compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 147 patients with LSCC were included. RESULTS: According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal cut-off points for NLR, PLR and SII were 1.88, 117.36 and 517.64. The analysis revealed NLR, PLR and SII to be independent predictors for OS and PFS (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative NLR, PLR and SII are promising prognostic predictors for patients with LSCC.

14.
JAMA Psychiatry ; 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33263727

RESUMO

Importance: The genetic basis of bipolar disorder (BD) in Han Chinese individuals is not fully understood. Objective: To explore the genetic basis of BD in the Han Chinese population. Design, Setting, and Participants: A genome-wide association study (GWAS), followed by independent replication, was conducted to identify BD risk loci in Han Chinese individuals. Individuals with BD were diagnosed based on DSM-IV criteria and had no history of schizophrenia, mental retardation, or substance dependence; individuals without any personal or family history of mental illnesses, including BD, were included as control participants. In total, discovery samples from 1822 patients and 4650 control participants passed quality control for the GWAS analysis. Replication analyses of samples from 958 patients and 2050 control participants were conducted. Summary statistics from the European Psychiatric Genomics Consortium 2 (PGC2) BD GWAS (20 352 cases and 31 358 controls) were used for the trans-ancestry genetic correlation analysis, polygenetic risk score analysis, and meta-analysis to compare BD genetic risk between Han Chinese and European individuals. The study was performed in February 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Single-nucleotide variations with P < 5.00 × 10-8 were considered to show genome-wide significance of statistical association. Results: The Han Chinese discovery GWAS sample included 1822 cases (mean [SD] age, 35.43 [14.12] years; 838 [46%] male) and 4650 controls (mean [SD] age, 27.48 [5.97] years; 2465 [53%] male), and the replication sample included 958 cases (mean [SD] age, 37.82 [15.54] years; 412 [43%] male) and 2050 controls (mean [SD] age, 27.50 [6.00] years; 1189 [58%] male). A novel BD risk locus in Han Chinese individuals was found near the gene encoding transmembrane protein 108 (TMEM108, rs9863544; P = 2.49 × 10-8; odds ratio [OR], 0.650; 95% CI, 0.559-0.756), which is required for dendritic spine development and glutamatergic transmission in the dentate gyrus. Trans-ancestry genetic correlation estimation (ρge = 0.652, SE = 0.106; P = 7.30 × 10-10) and polygenetic risk score analyses (maximum liability-scaled Nagelkerke pseudo R2 = 1.27%; P = 1.30 × 10-19) showed evidence of shared BD genetic risk between Han Chinese and European populations, and meta-analysis identified 2 new GWAS risk loci near VRK2 (rs41335055; P = 4.98 × 10-9; OR, 0.849; 95% CI, 0.804-0.897) and RHEBL1 (rs7969091; P = 3.12 × 10-8; OR, 0.932; 95% CI, 0.909-0.956). Conclusions and Relevance: This GWAS study identified several loci and genes involved in the heritable risk of BD, providing insights into its genetic architecture and biological basis.

15.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303394

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to make a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the stent diameter (8mm vs. 10mm) that conveys better safety and clinical efficacy for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four databases were used to identify clinical trials published from inception until March 2020. Data were extracted to estimate and compare one-year and three-year overall survivals, hepatic encephalopathy, variceal rebleeding, and shunt dysfunction rates between patients with 8mm covered stents and those with 10mm covered stents. RESULTS: Five eligible studies were selected, which included 489 patients (316 men, 173 women). The 8mm covered stent group had higher efficacy regarding one-year or three-year overall survival (odds ratio [OR], 2.88; P=0.003) and (OR, 1.81; P=0.04) and lower hepatic encephalopathy (OR, 0.69; P=0.04) compared with 10mm covered stent group. There were no significant differences in variceal rebleeding rate (OR 0.80; P=0.67). However, shunt dysfunction was lower in 10mm covered stent group (OR, 2.26; P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the use of 8mm covered stents should be preferred to that of 10mm covered stents for TIPS placement when portal pressure is frequently monitored.

16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 158: 83-90, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302124

RESUMO

TMS5 encodes an RNase ZS1 protein that can process ubiquitin-60S ribosomal protein L40 family (UbL40) mRNAs to regulate thermo-sensitive genic male sterility in rice. Despite the importance of this protein, the structural characteristics and substrate recognition properties of RNase ZS1 remain unclear. Here, we found that the variations in several conservative amino acids alter the activation of RNase ZS1, and its recognition of RNA substrates depends on the structure of RNA. RNase ZS1 acts as a homodimer. The conserved amino acids in or adjacent to enzyme center play a critical role in the enzyme activity of RNase ZS1 and the conserved amino acids that far from active center have little impact on its enzyme activity. The cleavage efficiency of RNase ZS1 for pre-tRNA-MetCAU35 and UbL401 mRNA with cloverleaf-like structure was higher than that of pre-tRNA-AspAUC9 and UbL404 mRNA with imperfect cloverleaf-like structure. This difference implies that the enzyme activity of RNase ZS1 depends on the cloverleaf-like structure of the RNA. Furthermore, the RNase ZS1 activity was not inhibited by the 5' leader sequence and 3' CCA motif of pre-tRNA. These findings provide new insights for studying the cleavage characteristics and substrate recognition properties of RNase ZS.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259303

RESUMO

Color design for 3D indoor scenes is a challenging problem due to many factors that need to be balanced. Although learning from images is a commonly adopted strategy, this strategy may be more suitable for natural scenes in which objects tend to have relatively fixed colors. For interior scenes consisting mostly of man-made objects, creative yet reasonable color assignments are expected. We propose C3 Assignment}, a system providing diverse suggestions for interior color design while satisfying general global and local rules including color compatibility, color mood, contrast, and user preference. We extend these constraints from the image domain to [Formula: see text], and formulate 3D interior color design as an optimization problem. The design is accomplished in an omnidirectional manner to ensure a comfortable experience when the inhabitant observes the interior scene from possible positions and directions. We design a surrogate-assisted evolutionary algorithm to efficiently solve the highly nonlinear optimization problem for interactive applications, and investigate the system performance concerning problem complexity, solver convergence, and suggestion diversity. Preliminary user studies have been conducted to validate the rule extension from 2D to 3D and to verify system usability.

18.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 201: 106401, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the ability of Micropure® ultrasound technique to identify microcalcifications in carotid plaques. METHODS: Forty-four carotids in 22 patients were enrolled in this study and were detected by routine ultrasound examination and Micropure® examination at the same time to identify microcalcifications in plaques. The results were compared with the tissue-background ratio (TBR) in 18F-NaF PET-CT imaging, which was performed one or two days after the ultrasound examination. RESULTS: In the 44 carotids, plaques were detected in 37 carotids. Microcalcifications were detected by the Micropure® technique in 32 carotids, which were located surrounded by macrocalcifications in 23 carotids, in the fibre cap in 12 carotids, and in the base of the plaque in 6 carotids. Microcalcifications were not detected in 12 carotids. In 18F-NaF PET-CT examination, TBR > 1.61 (range 1.62-3.99, mean 2.25 ± 0.58) was detected in 37 carotids, and TBR < 1.61 was detected in 7 carotids. There were no significant differences between the two methods in detecting microcalcifications (p = 0.180). The sensitivity of the Micropure® technique in detecting microcalcifications was 81.08 %, and the specificity was 71.43 %. CONCLUSIONS: Microcalcifications in the carotid artery detected by the Micropure® technique were well in accordance with 18F-NaF PET-CT scanning, with better sensitivity and specificity.

19.
Adv Med Sci ; 66(1): 41-45, 2020 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of lateral quadratus lumborum block (QLB) on postoperative pain and recovery in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between 18 and 70 years old, diagnosed with colon or rectal cancer, with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II, and scheduled for laparoscopic colorectal surgery were recruited. Patients were excluded if they were allergic to local anesthetics and unable to complete the procedure of puncture or follow-up evaluation. All included patients were randomly allocated to either QLB or Sham group. The primary outcome was perioperative cumulative sufentanil consumption. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups in anesthetic time, operation time, dosage of propofol, and remifentanil (P â€‹> â€‹0.05). Patients in the QLB group had significantly less sufentanil consumption both intraoperatively and postoperatively, compared with the Sham group (P â€‹< â€‹0.05). Postoperative VAS pain scores on coughing in the QLB group at 2 â€‹h, 6 â€‹h, 12 â€‹h, 24 â€‹h time points and VAS pain score at rest 2 â€‹h, 6 â€‹h after surgery were significantly lower than in the Sham group (P â€‹< â€‹0.05). Compared with the Sham group, time to first ambulation and anal flatus after surgery in the QLB group were significantly shorter (P â€‹< â€‹0.05). Significant differences of postoperative rescue analgesic usage and QoR-15 score at 48 â€‹h were found between the two groups (P â€‹< â€‹0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided lateral QLB significantly reduced perioperative opioid consumption, alleviated postoperative pain, shortened the time to first ambulation and anal flatus, and enhanced postoperative recovery of the patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.

20.
Phytochem Anal ; 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331092

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The structural annotation of target relies on high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) information resulting in dubious identities in most cases. The accurate annotation of isomeric structures is still challenging to be confirmed with significant bottleneck. OBJECTIVE: This study focused on the improvement of structural annotation of candidate structures via four pairs of isomeric flavanone-7-O-diglucosides and their basic flavanone aglycones commonly detected in citrus products. METHOD: An integrated liquid chromatography coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) approach merging retention time, accurate mass, tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) information (diagnostic ions), ion ratio at selected collision energy was established successfully. RESULTS: Feasibility of this approach was validated confidently in biological samples with relative standard deviation (RSD) of ion ratio range from 3.91 to 12.28%. Differences of fragmentation patterns of citrus flavanones were illustrated reasonably. MS/MS fragments of (S)-hesperetin and (S)-isosakuranetin were complicated and showed typical radical ion [1,2 A - H]•- (m/z 164) in negative ESI mode due to the methoxyl group on B-ring, which showed huge difference with (R)-hesperetin and (R)-isosakuranetin. CONCLUSION: This study integrated multiple levels to boost the confidence of structural annotation relied on LC-HRMS, and provided important values in practice for precise identification of citrus flavanones in biological matrices.

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