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1.
Toxicon ; 207: 13-20, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995556

RESUMO

This study investigated whether transforming growth factor-ß receptor I (TGF-ßRI) and TGF-ßRII mediate matrix degradation and abnormal hypertrophy in T-2 toxin-induced hypertrophic chondrocytes. Hypertrophic chondrocytes were exposed to TGF-ßRI and TGF-ßRII binding inhibitor (GW788388) for 24 h prior to exposure to different concentrations of T-2 toxin (0, 10, 25, and 50 ng/mL for 48 h). Hypertrophic chondrocytes were assessed based on the expression of matrix-degrading and terminal differentiation-related genes and cell viability. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs, MMP-13, MMP-1, and MMP-9) were reduced in the GW788388+T-2 toxin group compared to the T-2 toxin group. The expression of terminal differentiation-related genes (MMP-2, MMP-10, and collagen X) was increased in hypertrophic chondrocytes in the inhibited groups compared to that in the T-2 toxin group. The survival rate of chondrocytes decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. GW788388 did not significantly block the reduced cell viability in hypertrophic chondrocytes exposed to T-2 toxin. The upregulated expression of TGF-ßRI and TGF-ßRII mediates the abnormal chondrocyte hypertrophy and extracellular matrix degeneration observed in T-2 toxin-induced hypertrophic chondrocytes.

2.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e053312, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acupuncture has been accepted in many Western countries and clinical trials have been increasing recently. However, the problems of insufficient and low-quality evidence remain, and substantially hinder the development of acupuncture clinical trials. We therefore aim to develop a guideline to strengthen the quality of acupuncture clinical trials, in accordance with WHO handbook for guideline development and the Reporting Items for practice Guidelines in HealThcare. The guideline will help to improve the quality of acupuncture clinical trials. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for studies on the quality of acupuncture clinical trials using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, China Science and Technology Journal Database, The Cochrane Library, the WHO and Health Technology Assessment websites, and other sources. We will also check reference lists and contact experts in the field. We will systematically evaluate the quality of acupuncture clinical trials, and extract and summarise the quality problems and countermeasures of such trials. We will also systematically review clinical trial quality control manuals and systems and formulate research questions on quality control in acupuncture clinical trials. Finally, we will develop the guideline and establish a comprehensive quality control system to ensure high quality acupuncture clinical trials. We will also evaluate the guideline and will update the guideline to reflect new scientific evidence. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics committee approval and informed consent are not required for developing guideline because only published data will be used, however, we will interview the patients, the ethics committee approval has been got from West China Hospital of Sichuan Unversity (Number: 2021-1188). We will publish all manuscripts arising from this research and present the findings at conferences. GUIDELINE REGISTRATION NUMBER: IPGRP-2021CN093.

3.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(1): 45-8, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: A total of 90 patients with postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer were randomized into an EA group and a conventional treatment group, 45 cases in each one. In the conventional treatment group, the postoperative fast track surgical regimen was accepted. In the EA group, on the base of the treatment as the conventional treatment group, acupuncture was applied to Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Taichong (LR 3) and electric stimulation was attached on Zusanli (ST 36) and Yinlingquan (SP 9), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and 3-5 mA in intensity. Acupuncture was provided once daily till the onset of postoperative exhaust and defecation. The first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time, the postoperative hospital stay and the wound pain under standing on the next morning after entering group were compared in the patients between the two groups. The impact of the EA expectation was analyzed on the first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time and the postoperative hospital stay separately. RESULTS: The first postoperative exhaust time and the first postoperative defecation time in the EA group were earlier than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), the postoperative hospital stay was shorter than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), and the rate of wound pain in the postoperative standing was lower than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). EA expectation had no obvious correlation with the clinical therapeutic effect (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA can relieve postoperative ileus symptoms, alleviate pain and shorten hospital stay in the patients after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985828

RESUMO

The performance of lithium metal batteries is severely hampered by uncontrollable dendrite growth and volume expansion on the metal anodes. Inspired by the "blockchain" concept in data mining, here we utilize a conductive polymer-filled metal organic framework (MOF) as the lithium host, in which polypyrrole (PPy) serves as the "chain" to interlink Li "blocks" stored in the MOF pores. While the N-rich PPy guides fast Li + infiltration/extrusion and serves as the nucleation sites for isotropic Li growth, the MOF pores compartmentalize bulk Li deposition for 3D matrix Li storage, lending low-barrier and dendrite-free Li plating/stripping with superb Coulombic efficiency. The as-fabricated lithium metal anodes operate over 700 cycles at 5 mA cm -2 in symmetric cells, and 800 cycles at 1 C in full cells with a per-cycle capacity loss of only 0.017%. This work might open a new chapter for Li metal anode construction by introducing the concept of "blockchain" management of Li plating/stripping.

5.
J Sci Food Agric ; 102(2): 496-504, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heat stress (HS) has a negative impact on the intestinal barrier and immune function of pigs. Selenium (Se) may improve intestinal health through affecting selenoproteins. Thus we investigate the protective effect of new organic Se (2-hydroxy-4-methylselenobutanoic acid, HMSeBA) on jejunal damage in growing pigs upon HS and integrate potential roles of corresponding selenoproteins. RESULTS: HS decreased the villus height and increased (P < 0.05) the protein abundance of HSP70, and downregulated (P < 0.05) protein levels of tight junction-related proteins (CLDN-1 and OCLD). HS-induced jejunal damage was associated with the upregulation of four inflammation-related genes and ten selenoprotein-encoding genes, downregulation (P < 0.05) of four selenoprotein-encoding genes and decreased (P < 0.05) the protein abundance of GPX4 and SELENOS. Compared with the HS group, HMSeBA supplementation not only elevated the villus height and the ratio of V/C (P < 0:05), but also reduced (P < 0.05) the protein abundance of HSP70 and MDA content, and increased (P < 0.05) the protein abundance of OCLD. HMSeBA supplementation downregulated the expression of seven inflammation-related genes, changed the expression of 12 selenoprotein-encoding genes in jejunum mucosa affected by HS, and increased the protein abundance of GPX4, TXNRD1 and SELENOS. CONCLUSION: Organic Se supplementation beyond nutritional requirement alleviates the negative effect of HS on the jejunum of growing pigs, and its protective effect is related to the response of corresponding selenoproteins. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/veterinária , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Jejuno/imunologia , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Selênio/administração & dosagem , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/imunologia , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/genética , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/imunologia , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/prevenção & controle , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Jejuno/efeitos dos fármacos , Selenoproteínas/genética , Selenoproteínas/imunologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/genética , Doenças dos Suínos/imunologia
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126678, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333410

RESUMO

Soil contamination by arsenic (As) presents a high risk to public health, necessitating urgent remediation. This study sought to develop an efficient strategy for the phytoremediation of As-contaminated soil. The effects of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni residue (SR) on the available As (A-As) concentration of soil and As extraction from the soil by Pteris vittata L. were studied by soil simulation, pot, and field experiments. The A-As concentration in the soil simulation experiment increased significantly by 84.20% after 20 days. The biomass, As concentration, and total extracted As of SR-treated P. vittata L. in the pot experiment increased significantly by 50.66%, 120.2%, and 171.2%, respectively, compared to the untreated control. The SR-treated rhizosphere soil in the pot experiment displayed a significant 21.72% decrease in total As concentration. In the one-year field experiment, treatment with SR resulted in a significant 191.1% increase in As extraction by P. vittata L. and a significant 10.26% reduction in rhizosphere soil As concentration compared to the control. This study proposes a potential mechanism for SR-mediated enhancement of P. vittata L. As extraction ability and provides a new, economic, and environmentally friendly method for As-contaminated soil remediation.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Pteris , Poluentes do Solo , Stevia , Arsênio/análise , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 227: 113937, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710744

RESUMO

Evodiamine and rutaecarpine are two alkaloids isolated from traditional Chinese herbal medicine Evodia rutaecarpa, which have been reported to have various biological activities in past decades. To explore the potential applications for evodiamine and rutaecarpine alkaloids and their derivatives, various kinds of evodiamine and rutaecarpine derivatives were designed and synthesized. Their antifungal profile against six phytopathogenic fungi Rhizoctonia solani, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium oxysporum, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and Magnaporthe oryzae were evaluated for the first time. Furthermore, a series of modified imidazole derivatives of rutaecarpine were synthesized to investigate the structure-activity relationship. The results of antifungal activities in vitro showed that imidazole derivative of rutaecarpine A1 exhibited broad-spectrum inhibitory activities against R. solani, B. cinerea, F. oxysporum, S. sclerotiorum, M. oryzae and F. graminearum with EC50 values of 1.97, 5.97, 12.72, 2.87 and 16.58 µg/mL, respectively. Preliminary mechanistic studies showed that compound A1 might cause mycelial abnormalities of S. sclerotiorum, mitochondrial distortion and swelling, and inhibition of sclerotia formation and germination. Moreover, the curative effects of compound A1 were 94.7%, 81.5%, 80.8%, 65.0% at 400, 200, 100, 50 µg/mL in vivo experiments, which was far more effective than the positive control azoxystrobin. Significantly, no phytotoxicity of compound A1 on oilseed rape leaves was observed obviously even at a high concentration of 400 µg/mL. Therefore, compound A1 is expected to be a novel leading structure for the development of new antifungal agents.

8.
Bone ; 154: 116182, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530171

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation is one of the most common internal modifications in eukaryotic messenger RNA occurring on N6 nitrogen of adenosine. However, the roles of m6A in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA) are still elusive. Here, we investigate the function and mechanism of methyltransferase-like 3 (Mettl3) in chondrocytes in inflammation. We found that the expression of Mettl3 decreased both in vivo TMJ OA mice and in vitro inflammatory stimulation. Functionally, loss and gain studies illustrated that Mettl3 inhibited the apoptosis and autophagy of chondrocytes induced by TNF-α stimulation in vitro. Mettl3 inhibitor, S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) promoted the apoptosis and autophagy of chondrocytes with inflammation in vitro and aggravated the degeneration of chondrocytes and subchondral bone in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced TMJ OA mice in vivo. Mechanistically, the bioinformatics analysis, m6A-RNA immunoprecipitation (MeRIP) and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were used to identify that Bcl2 mRNA was the downstream target of Mettl3 for m6A modification. Furthermore, the results revealed that Yth m6A RNA binding protein 1 (Ythdf1) mediated the stability of Bcl2 mRNA catalyzed by Mettl3. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) showed that Bcl2 protein interacted with Beclin1 protein in chondrocytes induced by TNF-α stimulation. In conclusion, our findings identify that Mettl3 inhibits the apoptosis and autophagy of chondrocytes in inflammation through m6A/Ythdf1/Bcl2 signal axis which provides promising therapeutic strategy for TMJ OA.

9.
Bone ; 154: 116231, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653679

RESUMO

The treatment of periodontitis-induced alveolar bone defects remains a clinical challenge. The secreted protein pentraxin 3 (PTX3) protects tissue during inflammation and maintains bone homeostasis in physiological conditions. However, the effects of PTX3 on osteoblast differentiation and bone regeneration after periodontitis remain unclear. Here, we found that MC3T3-E1 mouse pre-osteoblast cells secreted increased PTX3 under TNF-α-induced inflammatory conditions in vitro. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments revealed that PTX3 overexpression promoted osteogenic potential in an inflammatory environment and vice versa. The promoting effect was attributed to the regulatory role of PTX3 on the hyaluronan (HA)-dependent pericellular matrix (PCM). PTX3 was found in the HA-dependent PCM of MC3T3-E1 cells, where it promoted HA synthesis and the expression of CD44 (main HA receptor), enhancing the HA-CD44 interaction. The HA-CD44 interaction further activated focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling cascade. FAK/AKT activation promoted the expression of HA synthases 1/2/3 (HAS1/2/3) and CD44 in MC3T3-E1 cells under inflammatory condition, forming a positive feedback loop that activated by PTX3. Importantly, when HA was digested or any one of these molecules in the positive feedback loop was blocked, PTX3 partially lost the ability to promote osteogenic differentiation in an inflammatory environment. Ligatures were removed after seven days of periodontitis induction in vivo, to investigate alveolar bone regeneration after periodontitis. Histological and Micro-CT evaluation after seven and 14 days of local PTX3 treatment showed that alveolar bone healing was significantly improved compared to the vehicle control group. These findings suggested that PTX3 can induce osteogenic differentiation in an in vitro inflammatory environment by triggering the HA/CD44/FAK/AKT positive feedback loop, and promote bone regeneration after periodontitis.

10.
Bioact Mater ; 7: 364-376, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466738

RESUMO

Endothelial tip cell outgrowth of blood-vessel sprouts marks the initiation of angiogenesis which is critical in physiological and pathophysiological procedures. However, how mechanical characteristics of extracellular matrix (ECM) modulates tip cell formation has been largely neglected. In this study, we found enhanced CD31 expression in the stiffening outer layer of hepatocellular carcinoma than in surrounding soft tissues. Stiffened matrix promoted sprouting from endothelial cell (EC) spheroids and upregulated expressions of tip cell-enriched genes in vitro. Moreover, tip cells showed increased cellular stiffness, more actin cytoskeleton organization and enhanced YAP nuclear transfer than stalk and phalanx ECs. We further uncovered that substrate stiffness regulates FAK and Paxillin phosphorylation in focal adhesion of ECs promoting Rac1 transition from inactive to active state. YAP is subsequently activated and translocated into nucleus, leading to increased tip cell specification. p-Paxillin can also loosen the intercellular connection which also facilitates tip cell specification. Collectively our present study shows that matrix stiffness modulates tip cell formation through p-PXN-Rac1-YAP signaling axis, shedding light on the role of mechanotransduction in tip cell formation. This is of special significance in biomaterial design and treatment of some pathological situations.

11.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211061040, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the type and frequency of mutations in 10 genes in 85 colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in Huizhou and the guiding significance of targeted drug use. METHODS: The 10-gene panel next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to assess genetic variants in 85 CRC patients from the Huizhou area combined with clinical information for a comprehensive analysis. RESULTS: Upon initial mutation testing, 68% (58/85) were positive. The mutation frequencies of these genes, including KRAS, PIK3CA, NRAS, ERBB2, BRAF, EGFR, and PDGFRA, were 51%, 20%, 5%, 4%, 4%, 1%, and 1%, respectively. Overall, 29 mutation types were detected from seven genes. More mutations were detected in more advanced cancers. There were three samples with multiple mutations of a single gene, including KRAS (n = 2) and ERBB2 (n = 2), 12 samples with multiple mutations of double genes, including KRAS/PIK3CA (n = 10), BRAF/PIK3CA (n = 1), and NRAS/PIK3CA (n = 1), and one sample with multiple mutations of three genes, including ERBB2/KRAS/PIK3CA (n = 1). Theoretically, 27 patients could receive targeted treatment. During the actual treatment, 10 patients received bevacizumab, cetuximab, or fruquintinib with no progression ranging from 12 to 24 months. CONCLUSION: Gene mutations detected by a 10-gene panel were useful for targeting therapy of CRC in Huizhou.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851826

RESUMO

3D reconstruction from single-view images is a long-standing research problem. To date, there are various methods based on point clouds and volumetric representations. In spite of success in 3D models generation, it is quite challenge for these approaches to deal with models with complex topology and fine geometric details. Thanks to the recent advance of deep shape representations,learning the structure and detail representation using deep neural networks is a promising direction. In this paper, we propose a novel approach named STD-Net to reconstruct 3D models utilizing mesh representation that is well suited for characterizing complex structures and geometry details. Our method consists of (1) an auto-encoder network for recovering the structure of an object with bounding box representation from a single-view image; (2) a topology-adaptive GCN for updating vertex position for meshes of complex topology; and (3) a unified mesh deformation block that deforms the structural boxes into structure-aware meshes. Evaluation on ShapeNet shows that STD-Net has better performance than state-of-the-art methods in reconstructing complex structures and fine geometric details.

13.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852202

RESUMO

The lack of an efficient method for the identification of tumor antigen-specific T cell receptors (TCRs) impedes the development of T cell-based cancer immunotherapies. Here, we introduce a droplet-based microfluidic platform for function-based screening and sorting of tumor antigen-specific T cells with high throughput. We built a reporter cell line by co-transducing the TCR library and reporter genes at the downstream of TCR signaling, and reporter cells fluoresced upon functionally binding with antigens. We co-encapsulated reporter cells and antigen-presenting cells in droplets to allow for stimulation on a single-cell level. Functioning reporter cells specific against the antigen were identified in the microfluidic channel based on the fluorescent signals of the droplets, which were immediately sorted out using dielectrophoresis. We validated the reporter system and sorting results using flow cytometry. We then performed single-cell RNA sequencing on the sorted cells to further validate this platform and demonstrate the compatibility with genetic characterizations. Our platform provides a means for precise and efficient T cell immunotherapy, and the droplet-based high-throughput TCR screening method could potentially facilitate immunotherapeutic screening and promote T cell-based anti-tumor therapies.

15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 732039, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869425

RESUMO

Background: Oxygen therapy usually exposes patients to hyperoxia, which induces injuries in the lung, the heart, and the brain. The gut and its microbiome play key roles in critical illnesses, but the impact of hyperoxia on the gut and its microbiome remains not very clear. We clarified the time- and dose-dependent effects of hyperoxia on the gut and investigated oxygen-induced gut dysbiosis and explored the underlying mechanism of gut injury by transcriptome analysis. Methods: The C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the control group and nine different oxygen groups exposed to hyperoxia with an inspired O2 fraction (FiO2) of 40, 60, and 80% for 24, 72, and 168 h (7 days), respectively. Intestinal histopathological and biochemical analyses were performed to explore the oxygen-induced gut injury and inflammatory response. Another experiment was performed to explore the impact of hyperoxia on the gut microbiome by exposing the mice to hyperoxia (FiO2 80%) for 7 days, with the 16S rRNA sequencing method. We prolonged the exposure (up to 14 days) of the mice to hyperoxia (FiO2 80%), and gut transcriptome analysis and western blotting were carried out to obtain differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and signaling pathways related to innate immunity and cell death. Results: Inhaled oxygen induced time- and dose-dependent gut histopathological impairment characterized by mucosal atrophy (e.g., villus shortening: 80% of FiO2 for 24 h: P = 0.008) and enterocyte death (e.g., apoptosis: 40% of FiO2 for 7 days: P = 0.01). Administered time- and dose-dependent oxygen led to intestinal barrier dysfunction (e.g., endotoxemia: 80% of FiO2 for 72 h: P = 0.002) and potentiated gut inflammation by increasing proinflammatory cytokines [e.g., tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α): 40% of FiO2 for 24 h: P = 0.003)] and reducing anti-inflammatory cytokines [Interleukin 10 (IL-10): 80% of FiO2 for 72 h: P < 0.0001]. Hyperoxia induced gut dysbiosis with an expansion of oxygen-tolerant bacteria (e.g., Enterobacteriaceae). Gut transcriptome analysis identified 1,747 DEGs and 171 signaling pathways and immunoblotting verified TLR-4, NOD-like receptor, and apoptosis signaling pathways were activated in oxygen-induced gut injury. Conclusions: Acute hyperoxia rapidly provokes gut injury in a time- and dose-dependent manner and induces gut dysbiosis, and an innate immune response is involved in an oxygen-induced gut injury.

16.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system. METHODS: Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca2+]i) was detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca2+]i in the model group were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and those in the EA group were significantly lower than the model group at the same time points (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.

17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34857667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical thrombectomy is the standard treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation. This trial aimed to indicate whether Skyflow, a new thrombectomy device, could achieve the same safety and efficacy as Solitaire FR in the treatment of AIS. METHODS: This study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, single blind, parallel, positive controlled, non-inferiority clinical trial. Patients with intracranial anterior circulation LVO within 8 hours from onset were included to receive thrombectomy treatment with either the Skyflow or Solitaire FR stent retriever. The primary endpoint was the rate of successful reperfusion (modified Treatment In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) ≥2b) after the operation. The safety endpoints were the rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) at 24 hours after operation. RESULTS: A total of 95 and 97 patients were involved in the Skyflow group and Solitaire FR group, respectively. A successful reperfusion (mTICI ≥2b) was finally achieved in 84 (88.4%) patients in the Skyflow group and 80 (82.5%) patients in the Solitaire FR group. Skyflow was non-inferior to Solitaire FR in regard to the primary outcome, with the criterion of a non-inferiority margin of 12.5% (p=0.0002) after being adjusted for the combined center effect and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. The rate of periprocedural sICH and SAH did not differ significantly between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Endovascular thrombectomy with the Skyflow stent retriever was non-inferior to Solitaire FR with regard to successful reperfusion in AIS due to LVO (with a pre-specified non-inferiority margin of 12.5%).

18.
Environ Pollut ; 294: 118612, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34863893

RESUMO

Organic ultraviolet absorbents (UVAs) are increasingly reported in environmental matrices and organisms. However, available information on the bioaccumulation of UVAs in freshwater species is insufficient and their trophodynamics in lake food webs remain unknown. We measured the concentrations of twelve UVAs in the wild species from Lake Chaohu. Except for UV-320 not detected, the other UVAs were prevalent in the study species and their total concentrations were in the range of 5.44-131 ng/g dry weight, which were comparable to the concentrations reported in other waters. Compound and species-specific accumulations of UVAs in the organisms were observed. In the lake, the log-transformed concentrations of 4-methyl benzylidene camphor, octyl p-dimethylaminobenzoate, UV-326, and UV-327 related significantly to the trophic levels of species separately. The calculated trophic magnification factors (TMFs) of the four UVAs were 3.79, implying trophic magnification, and 0.18, 0.40 and 0.58, suggesting trophic dilution, respectively. These suggested that the magnification potential and the associated risks of individual UVAs in freshwater lake differed. To our knowledge, this is the first report of these TMFs in lake food webs. However, more investigation is needed to characterize their trophodynamic behaviors in lakes because food web characteristics likely affect trophic transfer of these chemicals.

19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34947703

RESUMO

Herein, a three-dimensional (3D) Fe3O4@C composite with hollow porous structure is prepared by simple solution method and calcination treatment with biomass waste rape pollen (RP) as a carbon source, which is served as an anode of Li-ion capacitor (LIC). The 3D interconnected porous structure and conductive networks facilitate the transfer of ion/electron and accommodate the volume changes of Fe3O4 during the electrochemical reaction process, which leads to the excellent performance of the Fe3O4@C composite electrode. The electrochemical analysis demonstrates that the hybrid LIC fabricated with Fe3O4@C as the anode and activated carbon (AC) as the cathode can operate at a voltage of 4.0 V and exhibit a high energy density of 140.6 Wh kg-1 at 200 W kg-1 (52.8 Wh kg-1 at 10 kW kg-1), along with excellent cycling stability, with a capacity retention of 83.3% over 6000 cycles. Hence, these encouraging results indicate that Fe3O4@C has great potential in developing advanced LICs electrode materials for the next generation of energy storage systems.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905492

RESUMO

Geodesics measure the shortest distance between points on curved surfaces and are a fundamental tool in digital geometry processing. Although there are many algorithms for computing geodesic paths, most of them are designed for a single type of geometric domain (typically a triangle mesh), thus diminishing its practical usage. In this paper, we propose a general framework for computing geodesic paths for various geometric domains, including meshes, point clouds, implicit surfaces and parametric surfaces. Our key idea is to decouple geodesic computation from the type of the input surfaces. Discretizing the initial path by a sequence of points{x_i}, i=1,2,…,n that can only move on the surface, we minimize H(||x_i-x_(i+1)||), i=1,2,…,n. We show that the point sequence yielded by our approach is also a minimizer of the traditional geodesic length function, and the points are evenly spaced along the path. Our method encodes 3D geometry by signed distance functions (SDF) and can work for all types of input. We also propose a simple yet effective strategy to generate initial paths. We demonstrate the advantages of our methods over the conventional geodesic path algorithms in terms of accuracy, performance and scalability. Finally, we show that our method can be extended to solve general minimal-cost path problem.

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