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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 20, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Curing locally advanced gastric cancer through surgery alone is difficult. Adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy bring potential benefits to more patients with gastric cancer based on several clinical trials. According to phase II studies and guidelines, SOX regimen as neoadjuvant chemotherapy is efficient. However, the optimal duration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy has not been established. In this study, we will evaluate the efficacy and safety of different cycles of SOX as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: RESONANCE-II trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled phase III study which will enroll 524 patients in total. Eligible patients will be registered, pre-enrolled and receive three cycles of SOX, after which tumor response evaluations will be carried out. Those who show stable disease or progressive disease will be excluded. Patients showing complete response or partial response will be enrolled and assigned into either group A for another three cycles of SOX (six cycles in total) followed by D2 surgery; or group B for D2 surgery (three cycles in total). The primary endpoint is the rate of pathological complete response and the secondary endpoints are R0 resection rate, three-year disease-free survival, five-year overall survival, and safety. DISCUSSION: This study is the first phase III randomized trial to compare the cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using SOX for resectable locally advanced cancer. Based on a total of six to eight cycles of perioperative chemotherapy usually applied in locally advanced gastric cancer, patients in group A can be considered to have completed all perioperative chemotherapy, the results of which may suggest the feasibility of using chemotherapy only before surgery in gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered prospectively in the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP) with registration number ChiCTR1900023293 on May 21st, 2019.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 101(2): 703-717, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ziziphus jujuba Miller cv. Dongzao is extremely susceptible to reddening, browning, nutritional loss, and perishability after harvest. In this study, we evaluated the mechanisms of calcium chloride and chitosan/nano-silica composite film treatments on the quality, especially in reddening, by physiological and metabolomic assays. RESULTS: The treatment delayed the decline of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), chalcone synthase (CHS), and chalcone isomerase (CHI) activities. Meanwhile, the treated groups retarded the increases in anthocyanin and quercetin contents by inhibiting the gene expressions of flavonol synthase (ZjFLS), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (ZjDFR), and anthocyanidin synthase (ZjANS), while promoting leucoanthocyanidin reductase (ZjLAR) expression, which leads to retardation of fruit reddening. Anthocyanins were found to be responsible for post-harvest winter jujube reddening through principal component analysis. Results from the technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution indicated that the treated group delayed the decline of the quality of 'Dongzao' and extended its shelf life. CONCLUSION: The treatment induced the heightening of flavonoids metabolism. They enhanced the nutritional value and the ability to resist stress by delaying the decline of PAL, CHS, and CHI activities. Meanwhile, the treated groups retarded the increase in anthocyanin and quercetin contents by inhibiting the gene expressions of ZjFLS, ZjDFR, and ZjANS and promoting ZjLAR expression, which leads to retardation of fruit reddening. Anthocyanins are responsible for post-harvest winter jujube reddening. Coating treatment effectively delayed the decline of winter jujube quality. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350849

RESUMO

Trim47 is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family that participates in many pathophysiological processes. However, the expression pattern and biological functions of Trim47 in gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. The present study aimed to further explore the clinicopathological significance and potential prognostic role of Trim47 expression in GC. Therefore, in this study, Trim47 mRNA level was investigated in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Oncomine database in GC. We detected Trim47 mRNA and protein expression levels in GC and paired adjacent normal tissues. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazard regression models were performed to analyze the survival of patients and prognostic factors. A gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed to determine the mechanism of Trim47 in GC. Our results indicated that Trim47 mRNA expression in GC tissues was significantly higher than adjacent normal tissues, as was Trim47 protein expression. Trim47 overexpression in GC tissues was significantly associated with tumor differentiation, T stage, N stage, M stage and TNM stage. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that high Trim47 expression was associated with worse overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in GC patients. Multivariate analysis confirmed that Trim47 expression was an independent prognostic factor for GC patients. Bioinformatics analysis and western blot indicated Trim47 might regulate GC though NF-kB, EMT, hypoxia and apoptosis signaling pathway in GC. Our results show that Trim47 has potential to serve as a novel prognostic biomarker in GC patients.

4.
Oncol Res ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228829

RESUMO

MicroRNA-188-5p (miR-188) enhances oncologic progression in various human malignancies. This study aimed to explore its role in colorectal cancer (CRC). Human CRC tissues paired with normal tissues, and several CRC cell lines were utilized. Real-time quantitative PCR was applied to measure the expression of miR-188. Overexpression and knockdown were used to access the function of miR-188 and to investigate whether FOXL1/Wnt signaling mediates such function. The proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells were evaluated by CCK8, wound-healing and transwell assays, respectively. Whether FOXL1 acted as a direct target of miR-188 was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assays. Levels of miR-188 were upregulated in CRC tissues than in paired-normal tissues, as well as in various CRC cell lines. High expression of miR-188 was strongly associated with advanced tumor stage, accompanied with significant tumor cell proliferation, invasion and migration. It was confirmed that FOXL1 played positive crosstalk between miR-188 regulation and downstream Wnt/β-catenin signaling activation. All findings indicate that miR-188 promotes CRC cell proliferation and invasion through targeting FOXL1/Wnt signaling and could be served as a potential therapeutic target for human CRC in the future.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association between cellular senescence and Helicobacter pylori-induced atrophic gastritis is not clear. Here, we explore the role of cellular senescence in H pylori-induced atrophic gastritis and the underlying mechanism. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were infected with H pylori for biological and mechanistic studies in vivo. Gastric precancerous lesions from patients and mouse models were collected and analyzed using SA-ß-gal, Sudan Black B, and immunohistochemical staining to analyze senescent cells, signaling pathways, and H pylori infection. Chromatin immunoprecipitation, luciferase reporter assays, and other techniques were used to explore the underlying mechanism in vitro. RESULTS: Gastric mucosa atrophy was highly associated with cellular senescence. H pylori promoted gastric epithelial cell senescence in vitro and in vivo in a manner that depended on C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) signaling. Interestingly, H pylori infection not only up-regulated the expression of CXCR2 ligands, C-X-C motif chemokine ligands 1 and 8, but also transcriptionally up-regulated the expression of CXCR2 via the nuclear factor-κB subunit 1 directly. In addition, CXCR2 formed a positive feedback loop with p53 to continually enhance senescence. Pharmaceutical inhibition of CXCR2 in an H pylori-infected mouse model attenuated mucosal senescence and atrophy, and delayed further precancerous lesion progression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed a new mechanism of H pylori-induced atrophic gastritis through CXCR2-mediated cellular senescence. Inhibition of CXCR2 signaling is suggested as a potential preventive therapy for targeting H pylori-induced atrophic gastritis. GEO data set accession numbers: GSE47797 and GSE3556.

6.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237468

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic colorectal cancer surgery is widely accepted and applied. However, there is still no objective and comprehensive assessment on the data of nationwide multicenter series. METHOD: A total of 28 medical centers in Mainland China participated in this nationwide retrospective observational study. From the first case performed in each center to the last until December 2017, patients with robotic resection for primary tumor and pathologically confirmed colorectal adenocarcinoma were consecutively enrolled. Clinical, pathological and follow-up data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 5389 eligible patients were finally enrolled in this study, composing 72.2% of the total robotic colorectal surgery volume of Mainland China in the same period. For resections of one bowel segment of primary tumor, the postoperative mortality rate was 0.08% (4/5063 cases), and the postoperative complication rate (Clavien-Dindo grade II or higher) was 8.6% (434/5063 cases). For multiple resections, the postoperative mortality rate was 0.6% (2/326 cases), and the postoperative complication rate was 16.3% (53/326 cases). Out of 2956 patients receiving sphincter-preserving surgery in only primary resection, 130 (4.4%) patients had anastomotic leakage. Traditional low anterior resection (tumor at middle rectum) (OR 2.384, P < 0.001), traditional low anterior resection (tumor at low rectum) (OR 1.968, P = 0.017) and intersphincteric resection (OR 5.468, P = 0.006) were significant independent risk factors for anastomotic leakage. Female gender (OR 0.557, P = 0.005), age ≥ 60 years (OR 0.684, P = 0.040), and preventive stoma (OR 0.496, P = 0.043) were significant independent protective factors. Body mass index, preoperative chemotherapy/radiotherapy, tumor size, and TNM stage did not independently affect the occurrence of anastomotic leakage. CONCLUSION: Robotic colorectal cancer surgery was safe and reliable and might have advantages in patients at high risk of anastomotic leakage.

7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066012

RESUMO

Considerable attention has been devoted to the in-situ deposition of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (ZnO-NWs) on the surface of organic supports, due to their very wide applications in superhydrophobicity, UV shielding, and nanogenerators. However, the poor interfacial bond strength between ZnO-NWs and its support limits their applications. Herein, we developed a facile process to grow robust ZnO-NWs on a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fabric surface through simultaneous radiation-induced graft polymerization, hydrothermal processing, and in-situ nano-packaging; the obtained materials were denoted as PDMS@ZnO-NWs@PET. The introduction of an adhesion and stress relief layer greatly improved the attachment of the ZnO-NWs to the support, especially when the material was subjected to extreme environment conditions of external friction forces, strong acidic or alkaline solutions, UV-irradiation and even washing with detergent for a long time. The PDMS@ZnO-NWs@PET material exhibited excellent UV resistance, superhydrophobicity, and durability. The ZnO-NWs retained on the fabric surface even after 30 cycles of accelerated washing. Therefore, this process can be widely applied as a universal approach to overcome the challenges associated with growing inorganic nanowires on polymeric support surfaces.

8.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037394

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the balance between cell proliferation and cell death is a central feature of malignances. Death-associated protein kinase 3 (DAPK3) regulates programmed cell death including apoptosis and autophagy. Our previous study showed that DAPK3 downregulation was detected in more than half of gastric cancers (GCs), which was related to tumor invasion, metastasis, and poor prognosis. However, the precise molecular mechanism underlying DAPK3-mediated tumor suppression remains unclear. Here, we showed that the tumor suppressive function of DAPK3 was dependent on autophagy process. Mass spectrometry, in vitro kinase assay, and immunoprecipitation revealed that DAPK3 increased ULK1 activity by direct ULK1 phosphorylation at Ser556. ULK1 phosphorylation by DAPK3 facilitates the ULK1 complex formation, the VPS34 complex activation, and autophagy induction upon starvation. The kinase activity of DAPK3 and ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation were required for DAPK3-modulated tumor suppression. The coordinate expression of DAPK3 with ULK1 Ser556 phosphorylation was confirmed in clinical GC samples, and this co-expression was correlated with favorable survival outcomes in patients. Collectively, these findings indicate that the tumor-suppressor roles of DAPK3 in GC are associated with autophagy and that DAPK3 is a novel autophagy regulator, which can directly phosphorylate ULK1 and activate ULK1. Thus, DAPK3 might be a promising prognostic autophagy-associated marker.

9.
Front Immunol ; 11: 510943, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117335

RESUMO

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae, Mhp) is a geographically widespread and economically devastating pathogen that colonizes ciliated epithelium; the infection of Mhp can damnify the mucociliary functions as well as leading to Mycoplasma pneumonia of swine (MPS). MPS is a chronic respiratory infectious disease with high infectivity, and the mortality can be increased by secondary infections as the host immunity gets down-regulated during Mhp infection. The host immune responses are regarded as the main driving force for the disease development, while MPS is prone to attack repeatedly in farms even with vaccination or other treatments. As one of the smallest microorganisms with limited genome scale and metabolic pathways, Mhp can use several mechanisms to achieve immune evasion effect and derive enough nutrients from its host, indicating that there is a strong interaction between Mhp and porcine organism. In this review, we summarized the immune evasion mechanisms from genomic variability and post-translational protein processing. Besides, Mhp can induce the immune cells apoptosis by reactive oxygen species production, excessive nitric oxide (NO) release and caspase activation, and stimulate the release of cytokines to regulate inflammation. This article seeks to provide some new points to reveal the complicated interaction between the pathogen and host immune system with Mhp as a typical example, further providing some new strategies for the vaccine development against Mhp infection.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939916

RESUMO

In contrast with the classic ion intercalation, halogens have been coupled with metal anodes in a single cell to develop novel rechargeable batteries on the basis of the extrinsic redox reactions.  Since the commercial introduction of lithium-iodine primary battery in 1972, the iodine-based batteries exhibit high potential to match with high-rate performance, large energy density, and good safety in comparison with other halogen-based batteries. Along with the prosperous development of metal anodes (e.g., Li, Zn), one of the actual challenges lies in preparing the electrochemically active and reliable iodine-based cathodes to avoid the self-discharging and capacity decay of rechargeable batteries. The understanding on fundamental chemistries of iodine/polyiodide and their underlying mechanisms is still highly desirable to promote the rational design of advanced cathodes for high-performance rechargeable batteries. In this review, the recent advances on the development of iodine-based cathodes to fabricate rechargeable batteries are summarized, with special focus on the basic principles of iodine redox chemistry to correlate the structure-function relationship. The integration between the chemistry performed and battery performance would provide the deep insight into the design and development of advanced rechargeable batteries on the basis of the redox conversion reactions.

11.
Gut ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989021

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between the regular use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and the risk of type 2 diabetes remains unclear, although a recent randomised controlled trial showed a trend towards increased risk. This study was undertaken to evaluate the regular use of PPIs and risk of type 2 diabetes. METHOD: This is a prospective analysis of 204 689 participants free of diabetes in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), NHS II and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). Type 2 diabetes was confirmed using American Diabetes Association (ADA) diagnostic criteria. We evaluated hazard ratios (HRs) adjusting for demographic factors, lifestyle habits, the presence of comorbidities, use of other medications and clinical indications. RESULTS: We documented 10 105 incident cases of diabetes over 2 127 471 person-years of follow-up. Regular PPI users had a 24% higher risk of diabetes than non-users (HR 1.24, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.31). The risk of diabetes increased with duration of PPI use. Fully adjusted HRs were 1.05 (95% CI 0.93 to 1.19) for participants who used PPIs for >0-2 years and 1.26 (95% CI 1.18 to 1.35) for participants who used PPIs for >2 years compared with non-users. CONCLUSIONS: Regular use of PPIs was associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes and the risk increased with longer duration of use. Physicians should therefore exercise caution when prescribing PPIs, particularly for long-term use.

12.
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 342, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhp) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) are two important pathogens causing Mycoplasma pneumonia of swine (MPS) and porcine circovirus diseases and porcine circovirus-associated diseases (PCVDs/PCVADs), respectively, and resulted in considerable economic loss to the swine industry worldwide. Currently, vaccination is one of the main measures to control these two diseases; however, there are few combination vaccines that can prevent these two diseases. To determine the effect of combination immunization, we developed capsid-derived (Cap) virus-like particles (VLPs) of PCV2 and a new recombinant chimera composed of the P97R1, P46, and P42 antigens of Mhp. Then we investigated the immune responses induced by the immunization with this combination vaccine in mice and piglets. RESULTS: The high level antibodies against three protein antigens (P97R1, P46, and P42 of Mhp) were produced after immunization, up to or higher than 1:400,000; the antibody levels in Pro group continuously increased throughout the 42 days for all the antigens tested. The lymphocyte proliferative response in PCV2 group was stronger than that in PBS, VP, Mhp CV in mice. The antibody levels for Cap remained stable and reached the peak at 35 DAI. The IFN-γ and IL-4 in sera were significantly enhanced in the Pro group than that in the negative control-VP group on Day 14 and 28 post-the first immunization in piglets. CONCLUSIONS: Above all, the combination immunization could induce humoral and cellular immune responses against all four antigens in mice and piglets. Therefore, our approach is a simple and effective vaccination strategy to protect pigs against MPS and PCVD/PCVAD.

13.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(9): e22457, 2020 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maintaining compliance with personal preventive measures is important to achieve a balance of COVID-19 pandemic control and work resumption. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported compliance with four personal measures to prevent COVID-19 among a sample of factory workers in Shenzhen, China, at the beginning of work resumption in China following the COVID-19 outbreak. These preventive measures included consistent wearing of face masks in public spaces (the workplace and other public settings); sanitizing hands using soap, liquid soap, or alcohol-based hand sanitizer after returning from public spaces or touching public installations and equipment; avoiding social and meal gatherings; and avoiding crowded places. METHODS: The participants were adult factory workers who had resumed work in Shenzhen, China. A stratified two-stage cluster sampling design was used. We randomly selected 14 factories that had resumed work. All full-time employees aged ≥18 years who had resumed work in these factories were invited to complete a web-based survey. Out of 4158 workers who had resumed work in these factories, 3035 (73.0%) completed the web-based survey from March 1 to 14, 2020. Multilevel logistic regression models were fitted. RESULTS: Among the 3035 participants, 2938 (96.8%) and 2996 (98.7%) reported always wearing a face mask in the workplace and in other public settings, respectively, in the past month. However, frequencies of self-reported sanitizing hands (2152/3035, 70.9%), avoiding social and meal gatherings (2225/3035, 73.3%), and avoiding crowded places (1997/3035, 65.8%) were relatively low. At the individual level, knowledge about COVID-19 (adjusted odds ratios [AORs] from 1.16, CI 1.10-1.24, to 1.29, CI 1.21-1.37), perceived risk (AORs from 0.58, CI 0.50-0.68, to 0.85, CI 0.72-0.99) and severity (AOR 1.05, CI 1.01-1.09, and AOR 1.07, CI 1.03-1.11) of COVID-19, perceived effectiveness of preventive measures by the individual (AORs from 1.05, CI 1.00-1.10, to 1.09, CI 1.04-1.13), organization (AOR 1.30, CI 1.20-1.41), and government (AORs from 1.14, CI 1.04-1.25, to 1.21, CI 1.02-1.42), perceived preparedness for a potential outbreak after work resumption (AORs from 1.10, CI 1.00-1.21, to 1.50, CI 1.36-1.64), and depressive symptoms (AORs from 0.93, CI 0.91-0.94, to 0.96, CI 0.92-0.99) were associated with self-reported compliance with at least one personal preventive measure. At the interpersonal level, exposure to COVID-19-specific information through official media channels (AOR 1.08, CI 1.04-1.11) and face-to-face communication (AOR 0.90, CI 0.83-0.98) were associated with self-reported sanitizing of hands. The number of preventive measures implemented in the workplace was positively associated with self-reported compliance with all four preventive measures (AORs from 1.30, CI 1.08-1.57, to 1.63, CI 1.45-1.84). CONCLUSIONS: Measures are needed to strengthen hand hygiene and physical distancing among factory workers to reduce transmission following work resumption. Future programs in workplaces should address these factors at multiple levels.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Controle de Infecções/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Autorrelato , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Razão de Chances , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(10): e22596, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk and crisis communication plays an essential role in public health emergency responses. The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered spontaneous and intensive media attention, which has affected people's adoption of personal preventive measures and their mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between exposure to COVID-19-specific information and mental health (depression and sleep quality) and self-reported compliance with personal preventive measures (face mask wearing and hand sanitizing). We also tested whether these associations were moderated by thoughtful consideration of the veracity of the information to which people were exposed. METHODS: A cross-sectional, closed web-based survey was conducted among a sample of 3035 factory workers at the beginning of work resumption following the COVID-19 outbreak in Shenzhen, China. A stratified two-stage cluster sampling design was used for recruitment. Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were used for the analyses. RESULTS: The prevalence of probable moderate-to-severe depression was 170/3035 (5.6%), while that of good or excellent sleep quality was 2110/3035 (69.5%). The prevalence of self-reported consistent face mask wearing in public places was 2903/3035 (95.7%), while that of sanitizing hands every time after returning from public spaces or touching public installations was 2151/3035 (70.9%). Of the 3035 respondents, 1013 to 1638 (33.3% to 54.0%) reported >1 hour of daily exposure to COVID-19-specific information through web-based media and television. After controlling for significant background variables, higher information exposure via television and via newspapers and magazines was associated with better sleep quality and higher compliance with hand sanitizing. Higher exposure via unofficial web-based media was associated with higher compliance with hand sanitizing but was also associated with higher depressive symptoms. In contrast, higher exposure through face-to-face communication was associated with higher depressive symptoms, worse sleep quality, and lower compliance with hand sanitizing. Exposure to information about positive outcomes for patients with COVID-19, development of vaccines and effective treatments, and heroic stories about frontline health care workers were associated with both better mental health and higher compliance with preventive measures. Higher overall information exposure was associated with higher depressive symptoms among participants who were less likely to carefully consider the veracity of the information to which they were exposed; it was also associated with better sleep quality among people who reported more thoughtful consideration of information veracity. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides empirical evidence of how the amount, sources, and contents of information to which people were exposed influenced their mental health and compliance with personal preventive measures at the initial phase of work resumption in China. Thoughtful consideration of information quality was found to play an important moderating role. Our findings may inform strategic risk communication by government and public health authorities during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desinfecção das Mãos , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/psicologia , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Epidemiol ; 49(5): 1572-1581, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggested that long-term antibiotic use may alter the gut microbiome, which has, in turn, been linked to type 2 diabetes. We undertook this study to investigate whether antibiotic use was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included women free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS 2008-2014) and NHS II (2009-2017). We evaluated the overall duration of antibiotics use in the past 4 years and subsequent diabetes risk with Cox proportional-hazards regression adjusting for demography, family history of diabetes and lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Pooled analyses of NHS and NHS II (2837 cases, 703 934 person-years) revealed that a longer duration of antibiotic use in the past 4 years was associated with higher risk of diabetes [Trend-coefficient = 0.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.04 to 0.13]. Participants who received antibiotics treatment for a medium duration of 15 days to 2 months [hazard ratio (HR) 1.23, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.39] or long duration of >2 months (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.38) had higher risk of type 2 diabetes as compared with non-users. Subgroup analyses suggested that the associations were unlikely to be modified by age, family history of diabetes, obesity, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity and overall diet quality. CONCLUSIONS: A longer duration of antibiotic use in recent years was associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Physicians should exercise caution when prescribing antibiotics, particularly for long-term use.

16.
Transl Oncol ; 13(11): 100841, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763503

RESUMO

Gastric cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide. FYN, a gene that is differentially expressed in gastric cancer, is considered a critical metastasis regulator in several solid tumors, but its role in gastric cancer is still unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the role of FYN and test whether FYN promotes migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo via STAT3 signaling. FYN was overexpressed in gastric cancer and positively correlated with metastasis. FYN knockdown significantly decreased cancer cell migration and invasion, whereas FYN overexpression increased cancer migration and invasion. Genetic inhibition of FYN decreased the number of metastatic lung nodules in vivo. Several epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers were positively correlated with FYN expression, indicative of FYN involvement in this transition. Furthermore, gene set enrichment analysis of a Cancer Genome Atlas dataset revealed that the STAT3 signaling pathway was positively correlated with FYN expression. STAT3 inhibition reversed the FYN-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition and suppressed metastasis. In conclusion, FYN promotes gastric cancer metastasis possibly by activating STAT3-mediated epithelial mesenchymal transition and may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

17.
Gene ; 763: 145071, 2020 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827682

RESUMO

The previous study indicated that transport stress resulted in oxidative damage and autophagy/mitophagy elevation, companied by NOX1 over- expression in the jejunal tissues of pigs. However, the transportation-related gene expression profile and NOX1 function in intestine remain to be explicated. In the current study, differentially expressed genes involved in PI3K-Akt and NF-κB pathways, oxidative stress and autophagy process have been identified in pig jejunal tissues after transcriptome analysis following transportation. The physiological functions of NOX1 down-regulation were explored against oxidative damage and excessive autophagy in porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-1) following NOX1 inhibitor ML171 and H2O2 treatments. NOX1 down-regulation could decrease the content of Malondialdehyde (MDA), Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and up-regulate superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Furthermore, mitochondrial membrane potential and content were restored, and the expressions of tight junction proteins (Claudin-1 and ZO-1) were also increased. Additionally, NOX1 inhibitior could down-regulate the expression of autophagy-associated proteins (ATG5, LC3, p62), accompanied by activating SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway. NOX1 down-regulation might alleviate oxidative stress-induced mitochondria damage and intestinal mucosal injury via modulating excessive autophagy and SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling pathway. The data will shed light on the molecular mechanism of NOX1 on intestine oxidative damage following pig transportation.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Enterócitos/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 1/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 1/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/genética , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/genética , Suínos
18.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 141, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA H19 was demonstrated to be significantly correlated with tumor metastasis. However, the specific functions of H19 in colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis and the underlying mechanism are still largely unclear. METHODS: Use public database to screen the potential lncRNA crucial for metastasis in colorectal cancer. The expression of H19 in clinical CRC specimens was detected by qRT-PCR. The effect of H19 on the metastasis of CRC cells was investigated by transwell, wound healing assays, CCK-8 assays and animal studies. The potential proteins binding to H19 were identified by LC-MS and verified by RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP). The expression of indicated RNA and proteins were measured by qRT-PCR or western blot. RESULTS: We found the expression of lncRNA H19 was significantly upregulated in primary tumor and metastatic tissues, correlated with poor prognosis in CRC. Ectopic H19 expression promoted the metastasis of colorectal cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, and induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Mechanistically, H19 directly bound to hnRNPA2B1. Knockdown of hnRNPA2B1 attenuated the H19-induce migration and invasion in CRC cells. Furthermore, H19 stabilized and upregulated the expression of Raf-1 by facilitated the interaction between hnRNPA2B1 and Raf-1 mRNA, resulting in activation of Raf-ERK signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the role of H19/hnRNPA2B1/EMT axis in regulation CRC metastasis, suggested H19 could be a potential biomarker to predict prognosis as well as a therapeutic strategy for CRC.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(2): 979-985, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608760

RESUMO

Chelating agents can increase the bioavailability of heavy metals and enhance their enrichment in plants. The effects of different concentrations of biodegradable chelating agent L-glutamic acid N, N-diacetic acid (GLDA) on the remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil by super-enriched plant Trifolium repens were investigated by pot experiments with Cd-contaminated soil. Results show that low-dose GLDA could significantly promote the growth of Trifolium repens, and the biomass of Trifolium repens was the highest at 2.5 mmol·kg-1-GLDA, which was 1.30 times that of the control group. Different concentrations of GLDA can increase Cd content of various parts of Trifolium repens. In general, the treatment effect of 5 mmol·kg-1 GLDA was ideal. In this scenario, the root, aerial parts, and whole Cd content were 3.57, 4.69, and 4.67 times of the control group, respectively. GLDA can significantly increase the available Cd content in soil, promote direct absorption at the Trifolium repens roots, and provide better transport to the aerial parts. The prediction model obtained by fitting the linear relationship between physical and chemical properties of soil indicates that GLDA and Trifolium repens Cd content can provide references for the future research of soil-Trifolium repens enrichment. Studies have shown that the biodegradable chelating agent GLDA has potential applications for enhancing phytoremediation of heavy metal Cd contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Cádmio/metabolismo , Glutamatos , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Trifolium/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Ácido Glutâmico , Metais Pesados
20.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 21(8): 726-732, 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644887

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been widely applied in clinical practice for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). The temperature is one of the important elements affecting the efficacy of HIPEC, and it can become fluctuant by several factors. This study is aimed to explore the role of a stable perfusion temperature in promoting bowel recovery of PC patients due to gastrointestinal malignancies. METHODS: Between January 2012 and July 2013, 59 PC patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and three-cycle HIPEC were included. Patients having stable perfusion temperature for all cycles were assigned into the study group, with the rest having unstable temperature into the control group. Time of flatus and defecation passage and initiation time of enteral nutrition were compared between both groups to detect the significance in bowel function recovery, with visual analogue scale (VAS) pain intensity and overall survival (OS) compared meanwhile. RESULTS: In sum, 33 (55.9%) patients obtained stable temperature during HIPEC, and the rest of 26 (44.1%) developed fluctuant perfusion temperature. Average time of flatus (2.3 ± 1.2 vs 3.9 ± 2.2 days, P =.002), defecation passage (5.2 ± 2.1 vs 7.1 ± 2.9 days, P =.004) and enteral nutrition initiation (4.3 ± 1.5 vs 6.7 ± 2.3 days, P <.001) were much shorter in the study group than the control group. Additionally, the VAS score (4.5 ± 2.3 vs 6.3 ± 1.3, P <.001) and 5-year OS rate (17.8% vs 11.1%, P=.135) were both improved, with significance observed in postoperative pain control. CONCLUSIONS: During HIPEC, a precise temperature control could promise an early recovery of bowel function and reduce postoperative pain, without survival significance found based on the current cohort.

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