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1.
Luminescence ; 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450119

RESUMO

We prepared Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 :xTb3+ (x = 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10, 0.12, 0.14 and 0.16) luminescent materials using a nodulizing procedure. The phase and luminescence properties of these materials were investigated. X-ray diffraction results demonstrated that Tb3+ ions doped into Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 hosts successfully and the Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 :xTb3+ materials showed a pure cubic phase. Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 :xTb3+ materials had the characteristic Tb3+ emission bands derived from 5 D4 →7 F6 , 7 F5 , 7 F4 , and 7 F3 transitions when excited at 365 nm. The green emission band that derived from the 5 D4 →7 F5 transition was highest due to the high possibility of both electric-dipole and magnetic-dipole transitions. Emission spectra indicated that the critical concentration of Tb3+ in the Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 host was 0.14. The concentration quenching of Y2 Mg2 Al2 Si2 O12 :Tb3+ was derived from a dipole-dipole interaction.

2.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439452

RESUMO

Gene fragment swapping and site-directed mutagenesis are commonly required in dissecting functions of gene domains. While there are many approaches for seamless fusion of different gene fragments, new methods are yet to be developed to offer higher efficiency, better simplicity, and more affordability. In this study, we showed that in most cases overlap-PCR was highly effective in creating site-directed mutagenesis, gene fragment deletion, and substitutions using RUS1 and RUS2 as example. While for cases where the overlap-PCR approach is not feasible due to complex secondary structure of gene fragments, a unique restriction site can be generated at the overlapped region of the primers through synonymous mutations. Then different gene fragments can be seamlessly fused through traditional restriction digestion and subsequent ligation. In conclusion, while the classical overlap-PCR is not feasible, the modified overlap-PCR approaches can provide effective and alternative ways to seamlessly fuse different gene fragments.

3.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 167: 1406-1413, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202279

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 55A3 (CYP55A3) is an enzyme with the catalytic activity of nitric oxide (NO) to nitrous oxide using NADH or NADPH as the electron donor. Herein CYP55A3 has been expressed in E. coli and purified by His-tag columns. The electrochemical and spectroscopic characteristic of CYP55A3 and its interaction with NO has been studied. The direct electrochemistry of Fe3+/Fe2+ redox peaks in CYP55A3 was realized on the pyrolitic graphite electrode with the redox potential of -475 mV in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer. With the addition of NO a ferric nitroxyl complex (Fe3+-NO) formed with a new reduction peak at -0.78 V. The reduction peak current increased with the concentration of NO and showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetic characteristics with the apparent Michaelis constant Kmapp 9.78 µM. The binding constant K calculated to be 3.93 × 104 M by UV-vis method. The fluorescence emission spectra of iron porphyrin in CYP55A3 showed with the peak wavelength 633 nm, and its fluorescence intensity increased after binding with NO. The fluorescence analysis demonstrated that NADH can relay electrons to iron porphyrin and reduce NO. The reductive product of NO released and the iron porphyrin in CYP55A3 turned back to the original form.

4.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; 128: 103500, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278627

RESUMO

The delivery of exogenous nucleic acids to eggs or non-embryonic individuals by microinjection is a vital reverse genetics technique used to determine gene function in mosquitoes. However, DNA delivery to eggs is complex and time-consuming, and conventional, non-embryonic-injection techniques may result in unobvious phenotypes caused by insufficient absorption of nucleic acid fragments by cells at target body parts or tissues. In this study, we developed a set of electroporation-mediated non-embryonic microinjections for the delivery of exogenous nucleic acids in Anopheles sinensis. Gene silencing using this method led to down-regulation of target gene expression (AsCPR128) by 77% in targeted body parts, compared with only 10% in non-targeted body parts, thus increasing the defect-phenotype rate in the target area by 5.3-fold, compared with non-shock injected controls. Electroporation-mediated somatic transgenesis resulted in stable phenotypic characteristics of the reporter gene at the shocked body parts during the pupal-adult stages in about 69% of individuals. Furthermore, injecting plasmid DNA near the ovaries of female mosquitoes after a blood meal followed by electric shock produced three germline G1 transgenic lines, with a transformation rate of about 11.1% (calculated from ovulatory G0 females). Among the positive G1 lines, 42%, 40%, and 31% of individuals emitted red fluorescence in the larval stage. When the red fluorescent larvae developed into adults, green fluorescence was emitted from the ovaries of the females upon feeding. These results suggest that electroporation-mediated non-embryonic microinjection can be an efficient, rapid, and simple technique for analyzing gene function in non-model mosquitoes or other small insects.

5.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; : 106260, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a worldwide pandemic. However, the hazard to newborns in pregnancy remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the vertical transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from mother to child and developmental toxicity in the fetus. METHODS: All clinical information was recorded on 22 neonates born to mothers with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia in Tongji Hospital. RESULTS: The average birth weight of the 22 newborns (16 males and 6 females) was 2980 g, and the mean gestational week was 37W+3. The birth weight of three babies was <2500 g, and the gestational week of all three low-birth-weight neonates was less than 36W. Three newborns had minor lesions of infection in the lungs as shown by computed tomography (CT) scans. Furthermore, three newborns had elevated SARS-CoV-2-related immunoglobin M (IgM) antibodies, and 11 newborns (52.4%) had positive immunoglobin G (IgG) antibodies. Notably, both cystatin C and ß2-microglobulin were increased in all newborns. Five of the 21 tested newborns had leukocytosis, and 11 had increased neutrophil levels. In addition, the aspartate aminotransferase of 18 newborns and the γ-glutamyl transpeptidase of 19 newborns were increased. Total bilirubin was elevated in all newborns and serum albumin was reduced in 20 of 22 newborns. CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to discover that COVID-19 infection in the third trimester of pregnancy could cause fetal kidney developmental injury, as indicated by increased cystatin C and ß2-microglobulin in all neonates. Furthermore, there is the possibility of maternal-fetal transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 1985-1990, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of the targeted next-generation sequencing assay for patients with suspected myeloid malignancies. METHODS: A total of 39 hematopenia patients with suspected myeloid malignamies in Department of Hematology of The Affiliated Huai'an No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2018 to April 2019 were treated, 20 hot spot genes of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were detected. RESULTS: Regarding the diagnostic type, there were 7 cases of idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance (ICUS), 8 cases of clonal cytopenias of undetermined significance (CCUS) and 24 cases of myeloid myeloid malignancies which included 18 cases of MDS, 4 cases of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) and 2 cases of acute myeloid leukemia. Positive mutation was detected in 70.8% (17/24) of myeloid malignancy patients , and 72.7% (16/22) in MDS and MDS/MPN patients. The main mutation types were ASXL1, TET2 and RUNX1. Compared with gene negative group, there were no significant differences in sex, age (<60 years old or ≥60 years old), proportion of bone marrow blast cells (<5% or≥5%) and cytogenetics (good, medium and poor) (P>0.05). Furthermore, all 8 CCUS patients showed positive mutation, and the incidence of double or multiple mutation in CCUS group was significantly lower than that of the MDS and MDS/MPN group (37.5% vs 54.5%) (P=0.002). The mutation types between the two groups were similar, and there was no significant difference in variant allele frequency (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that there are high rates of double or multiple mutations in myeloid malignancies, especially in patients with MDS and MDS/MPN. Targeted sequencing assay can improve the diagnosis of myeloid malignancies, and guide clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Doenças Mieloproliferativas-Mielodisplásicas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Pacientes
7.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284773

RESUMO

This article investigates the hybrid event-triggered and impulsive consensus problems for leaderless and leader-following multiagent systems (MASs) with switching topologies. Based on the state information of neighboring agents at event-triggered moments and impulsive instants, a hybrid event-triggered and impulsive control strategy (HETICS) is designed to reduce the communication frequency between neighboring agents and to ensure consensus of leaderless and leader-following MASs. By utilizing the Lyapunov direct method, some consensus criteria are obtained for leaderless and leader-following MASs with switching topologies. It is shown that the HETICS excludes the Zeno behavior. Several numerical examples and simulations are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed consensus strategy and a comparison with previous consensus control methods is given.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20381, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230262

RESUMO

Luneburg lenses and Maxwell fisheye lenses possess distinct properties of focusing, well beyond conventional lenses made of uniform materials. In this paper, a planar broadband bifunctional Luneburg-fisheye lens synthesized by gradient anisotropic metasurface is proposed. The proposed anisotropic metasurface is formed by non-resonant anisotropic cells, so that it can independently realize the equivalent gradient refractive indexes of Luneburg lens and Maxwell fisheye lens along orthogonal directions in a broad band, respectively. To verify the performance of the bifunctional lens, a prototype associated with a feeding log-periodic dipole antenna has been fabricated. Experimental results show that the proposed lens functions well over a wide frequency range with high efficiency and low profile, which coincides well with theoretical predictions and simulated results. It is expected that the proposed design will facilitate the applications of multifunctional metadevices in microwave and optical ranges.

9.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1631, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042807

RESUMO

Altered metabolism of glucose, lipid and glutamine is a prominent hallmark of cancer cells. Currently, cell heterogeneity is believed to be the main cause of poor prognosis of glioblastoma (GBM) and is closely related to relapse caused by therapy resistance. However, the comprehensive model of genes related to glucose-, lipid- and glutamine-metabolism associated with the prognosis of GBM remains unclear, and the metabolic heterogeneity of GBM still needs to be further explored. Based on the expression profiles of 1,395 metabolism-related genes in three datasets of TCGA/CGGA/GSE, consistent cluster analysis revealed that GBM had three different metabolic status and prognostic clusters. Combining univariate Cox regression analysis and LASSO-penalized Cox regression machine learning methods, we identified a 17-metabolism-related genes risk signature associated with GBM prognosis. Kaplan-Meier analysis found that obtained signature could differentiate the prognosis of high- and low-risk patients in three datasets. Moreover, the multivariate Cox regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curves indicated that the signature was an independent prognostic factor for GBM and had a strong predictive power. The above results were further validated in the CGGA and GSE13041 datasets, and consistent results were obtained. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) suggested glycolysis gluconeogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation were significantly enriched in high- and low-risk GBM. Lastly Connectivity Map screened 54 potential compounds specific to different subgroups of GBM patients. Our study identified a novel metabolism-related gene signature, in addition the existence of three different metabolic status and two opposite biological processes in GBM were recognized, which revealed the metabolic heterogeneity of GBM. Robust metabolic subtypes and powerful risk prognostic models contributed a new perspective to the metabolic exploration of GBM.

10.
J Biol Chem ; 295(50): 17083-17099, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033071

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are an unavoidable host environmental cue for intracellular pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis; however, the signaling pathway in mycobacteria for sensing and responding to environmental stress remains largely unclear. Here, we characterize a novel CmtR-Zur-ESX3-Zn2+ regulatory pathway in M. bovis that aids mycobacterial survival under oxidative stress. We demonstrate that CmtR functions as a novel redox sensor and that its expression can be significantly induced under H2O2 stress. CmtR can physically interact with the negative regulator Zur and de-represses the expression of the esx-3 operon, which leads to Zn2+ accumulation and promotion of reactive oxygen species detoxication in mycobacterial cells. Zn2+ can also act as an effector molecule of the CmtR regulator, using which the latter can de-repress its own expression for further inducing bacterial antioxidant adaptation. Consistently, CmtR can induce the expression of EsxH, a component of esx-3 operon involved in Zn2+ transportation that has been reported earlier, and inhibit phagosome maturation in macrophages. Lastly, CmtR significantly contributes to bacterial survival in macrophages and in the lungs of infected mice. Our findings reveal the existence of an antioxidant regulatory pathway in mycobacteria and provide novel information on stress-triggered gene regulation and its association with host-pathogen interaction.

11.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 15: 2515-2526, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116468

RESUMO

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a typical chronic disease, but its molecular pathogenesis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the expression of biomarkers during COPD development. Methods: Markers significantly associated with COPD were screened using bioinformatics tools. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to explore the expression of PTPLAD2 and USP49 in BEAS-2B cells. CCK-8 assay was used to determine the influence of PTPLAD2 and USP49 in BEAS-2B on cell proliferation. Results: In this study, 86 DEGs were identified in GSE76925. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses suggested that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-Akt signaling pathway, ECM-receptor interaction, mRNA process, and viral transcription were all involved in the development of COPD. In addition, 14 hub genes were identified by WGCNA. PTPLAD2 and USP49 shared DEGs and hub genes and their expression levels were significantly reduced after CSE-treatment in BEAS-2B cells. Conclusion: Our results suggest that PTPLAD2 and USP49 may be useful biomarkers of COPD.

12.
Front Neurosci ; 14: 862, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903645

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease is characterized by the aberrant deposition of protein in the brain and is the leading cause of dementia worldwide. Increasingly, there have been reports of the presence of these protein hallmarks in the retina. In this study, we assayed the retina of 5xFAD mice, a transgenic model of amyloid deposition known to exhibit dementia-like symptoms with age. Using OCT, we found that the retinal nerve fiber layer was thinner in 5xFAD at 6, 12, and 17 months of age compared with wild-type littermates, but the inner plexiform layer was thicker at 6 months old. Retinal function showed reduced ganglion cell responses to light in 5xFAD at 6, 12, and 17 months of age. This functional loss was observed in the outer retina at 17 months of age but not in younger mice. We showed using immunohistochemistry and ELISA that soluble and insoluble amyloid was present in the retina and brain at all ages. In conclusion, we report that amyloid is present in brain and retina of 5xFAD mice and that the pattern of neuronal dysfunction occurs in the inner retina at the early ages and progresses to encompass the outer retina with age. This implies that the inner retina is more sensitive to amyloid changes in early disease and that the outer retina is also affected with disease progression.

13.
Environ Microbiol ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985741

RESUMO

An unusually high lipid content and a complex lipid profile are the most distinctive features of the mycobacterial cell envelope. However, our understanding of the regulatory mechanism underlying mycobacterial lipid metabolism is limited, and the major regulators responsible for lipid homeostasis remain to be characterized. Here, we identified MmbR as a novel master regulator that is essential for maintaining lipid homeostasis in Mycolicibacterium smegmatis. We found that MmbR controls fatty acid ß-oxidation and modulates biofilm formation in Mycolicibacterium smegmatis. Although MmbR possesses the properties of nucleoid-associated proteins, it acts as a TetR-like transcription factor, directly regulating and intensively repressing the expression of a group of core genes involved in fatty acid ß-oxidation. Furthermore, both long-chain acyl-Coenzyme A and fatty acids appear to regulate the signal molecules modulated by MmbR. The deletion of mmbR led to a significant reduction in intracellular fatty acid content and a decrease in the relative lipid composition of the biofilm. The lack of mmbR led to morphological changes in the mycobacterial colony, defects in biofilm formation and enhanced sensitivity to anti-tuberculosis drugs. Our study is the first to establish a link between the transcriptional regulation of fatty acid ß-oxidation genes and lipid homeostasis in mycobacteria.

14.
Theranostics ; 10(20): 9032-9049, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802177

RESUMO

Rationale: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotropic virus that can cause a variety of clinical syndromes including mucocutaneous disease and HSV-1 encephalitis (HSE). Here, we characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying the susceptibility to HSV-1 under stressful conditions. Methods: Restraint stress and corticosterone (CORT, a primary stress hormone) were respectively used to establish HSV-1 susceptible model in vivo and in vitro. Viral titers were determined by plaque assay. Western blotting, immunofluorescence, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), qRT-PCR, H&E staining, IHC staining and flow cytometry were employed to evaluate virus-related protein expressions and detect the activation of autophagy. Loss- and gain-function assays, co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) technique and autophagy agonist/antagonist treatments were applied in mechanistic experiments. Results: Restraint stress increased the susceptibility of mouse brain to HSV-1. Similarly, CORT treatment enhanced the susceptibility of neural cells to HSV-1. Furthermore, PML protein level in HSV-1 infected brain tissues and neural cells was remarkably decreased by stress treatment in vivo or CORT treatment in vitro, while its transcriptional level was not affected. Notably, a striking decline in protein expressions of ICP27 and gB was observed in PML-overexpressing cells, which was reversed by CORT treatment. By contrast, protein expression of gB was increased by knockdown with si-PML in virus-infected SH-SY5Y cells. We further discovered that CORT-driven PML degradation was dependent on the activation of autophagy in a ULK1-independent manner, rather than proteasome pathway. Bafilomycin A1 (BaF1) attenuated the augmentation effect of CORT on HSV-1 infection. The expressions of viral proteins were reduced in LC3-depleted cells, and the degradation of PML by CORT-induced autophagy was prevented in cells with LC3 knockdown by RNAi. Interestingly, PML was revealed to interact with the autophagic cargo receptor P62 and the autophagic effector protein LC3. Additionally, CORT failed to increase gB protein level when PML was silenced, providing direct evidence linking autophagic degradation of PML and CORT-induced virus susceptibility. Conclusion: Our results revealed that restraint stress/CORT increased HSV-1 susceptibility by delivering PML into autolysosomes for degradation. The results obtained from in vitro and in vivo models not only demonstrated the adverse effects of stress on HSV-1 infection, but also systematically investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. These discoveries broaden our understanding of the interplay between host and viruses, and a comprehensive understanding of the role of autophagy in viral infection will provide information for future development of innovative drugs against viral infection.

15.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520914817, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780654

RESUMO

Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) of the skull is an uncommon clinical entity that is characterized by a localized proliferation of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells. This case report describes a 50-year-old male that presented with a headache and an exophytic soft mass on the occiput. The diagnosis of SP was based on the pathological results and imaging examinations. The patient underwent occipital craniotomy, skull reconstruction and lower trapezius myocutaneous flap (LTMF) transplantation under general anaesthesia. The tumour was capsulized and extended to the subcutaneous and the subdural space through the dura mater with skull defects. The neoplasm of the occipital bone involved large areas of scalp and subcutaneous tissue, which resulted in a large postoperative scalp defect that was repaired using LTMF transplantation. All of the tumour was removed and the transplanted flap grew well. Follow-up at 5 months identified an aggressive mass lesion on the right frontal lobe. The patient received six cycles of the PAD chemotherapy regimen (bortezomib, doxorubicin and dexamethasone) and the lesion was significantly reduced. This case demonstrates that LTMF is an alternative approach for the repair of scalp and subcutaneous soft tissue defects caused by the excision of a large malignant tumour of the occipital region. Chemotherapy is the choice of treatment for neoplastic recurrence.

16.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1321-1325, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of essential thrombocytopenia (ET) patients with positive mutations including JAK2, CALR, MPL, or negative mutations. METHODS: A total of 66 newly diagnosed ET cases from January 2016 to December 2018 in Department of Hematology, Huaian No.1 People's Hospital affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were analyzed. Statistical analysis data included the patient's sex, age, symptoms, thrombosis and embolism events, spleen omegaly, platelet count (Plt), leukocyte (WBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb), fibrinogen (FIB), thrombus elastic diagram (TEG), serum potassium, blood glucose (GLU), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), JAK2, CALR and MPL mutations, treatment options, and efficacy. RESULTS: All the patients were not MPL-positive, and divided in three groups: JAK2 mutation (46 cases, 69.7%), CALR mutation (9 cases, 13.6%) and gene negative mutation (11 cases, 16.7%) group. The average age of patients in the JAK2 mutation group was 63.2 years old, and significantly higher than that in the CALR mutation group (51.8 year) and gene negative group (50.2 year) (P<0.05). Compared with the JAK2 mutation group and gene negative group, the CALR mutation group had lower WBC count (6.3×109/L vs 13.79×109/L) (P=0.003) (6.3×109/L vs 9.70×109/L) (P=0.009). Also the Hb level of patients in CALR mutation group was lower than the JAK2 mutation group (121.22 g/L vs 136.2 g/L) (P=0.036). However, there was higher tumor burden in the CALR mutation group, compared with the gene negative mutation group (300.11 U/L vs 227.4 U/L) (P=0. 033). There was no significant difference among the three groups, such as the Plt counts, serum potassium level, GLU level and FIB level (P>0.05). In addition, thrombus and embolism appeared in 30.3% (20/66) cases. 18.2% (12/66) cases were complicated with hyperkalemia, which significantly correlated with Plt counts (r=0.518). TEG was performed in 34 patients, of which 41.2% (14/34) had abnormal TEG and 55.9% (19/34) were accompanied by Plt count > 1 000 ×109/L, but there was no significant correlation between them (r=0.134). After routine clinical treatment, all the 66 cases achieved partial or complete hematological remission, but the disease usually repeated. Until now 4.5% (3/66) cases had been converted to myelofibrosis (MF) all with JAK2 mutation, but without advancing to acute myeloid leukemia. CONCLUSION: ET patients with JAK2 mutation have higher incidence, moreover were in older age. However, the patients with CALR mutations display lower WBC count and Hb level, but higher tumor burden. In short, the multiple gene mutations of ET showed different clinical features closely relates with the prognosis, thus providing guidance for the clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Mielofibrose Primária , Trombocitemia Essencial , Trombocitopenia , Idoso , Calreticulina/genética , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação
17.
Toxicology ; 442: 152533, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663519

RESUMO

Adverse environment during pregnancy could lead to maternal glucocorticoid overexposure in utero, and then induce the intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and the programmed change in cartilage development. The transforming growth factor ß (TGFß) signaling pathway plays a crucial role in the process of chondrogenesis, cartilage growth, development, maturation, and phenotype maintenance. Our previous results had shown that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) could result in the damaged articular cartilage in offspring rats. However, whether this change could transmit to multiple generations was still unknown. In this study, pregnant Wistar rats received either saline or caffeine (120 mg/kg, i.g.) once daily from gestational day 9-20 (GD9-20). The female offspring mated with normal male rats to generate the following generations. We obtained the articular cartilages in subsequent F1 to F3 female offspring. The H3K9 acetylation and expression of the TGFß signaling pathway were detected; the content of the cartilage matrix was detected. The results showed that PCE reduced the H3K9 acetylation and the expression of the TGFß signaling pathway, then reduced the extracellular matrix in F1, F2, and F3 generations. in vitro, corticosterone could induce the H3K9 deacetylation of the TGFß signaling pathway, thus inhibiting the expression of the TGFß signaling pathway and extracellular matrix. The overall results revealed that PCE induced a multi-generational damaged articular cartilage in female offspring rats, which was partially related to the maternal high glucocorticoid-induced H3K9 hypoacetylation of TGFß signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Cafeína/toxicidade , Doenças das Cartilagens/induzido quimicamente , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/patologia , Condrogênese , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Masculino , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 742: 140624, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640393

RESUMO

Both climate warming and biological invasions are primary threats to species diversity and its functioning. Although asymmetric climate warming (i.e., nighttime temperatures increasing faster than daytime temperatures) has long been recognized, its effects on plant invasions remain poorly explored. We report on one field experiment that compared the responses of 18 native plants and 17 invasive plants to three warming regimes: daytime warming (07: 00-19:00), nighttime warming (19:00-07:00), and diurnal warming (07:00-07:00). We found that invasive and native plants exhibited similar survival under the daytime and nighttime warming; however, invasive plants had lower survival than native plants under the diurnal warming. Regardless of warming conditions, invasive and native plants were similar in total biomass, leaf and root areas, biomass allocation, temperature sensitivity, and phenotypic plasticity. Across invasive and native plants, nighttime warming increased total biomass, but daytime and diurnal warming did not. In addition, three warming treatments differentially influenced temperature sensitivity or phenotypic plasticity. Our findings show that plant invaders might not profit more from asymmetric climate warming than natives in tolerance, growth, and plasticity, and also highlight that considering the disparate effects of asymmetric climate warming may be useful for assessing plant invasion outcomes.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Clima , Biomassa , Plantas , Temperatura
20.
Hum Genomics ; 14(1): 21, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) has opened up new approaches for non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), and it is often used as the second-tier test for high-risk pregnant women in detecting trisomy (T) 21, T18, and T13 after serum biochemistry screening. This study aims to discuss the clinical performance of NIPT as an alternative first-tier screening test for pregnant women in detecting T21, T18, T13, and sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) in China. METHODS: A total of 42,924 samples were recruited. The cell-free plasma DNA was directly sequenced. Each of the chromosome aneuploidies of PPV was analyzed. A total of 22 placental samples were acquired, including 14 FP and 8 TP samples. The placental verification of FP NIPT results was performed. RESULTS: Among 42,924 samples, 281 (0.65%) positive cases, including 87 of T21, 31 of T18, 22 of T13, and 141 of SCAs were detected. For the detection of T21, the positive predictive value (PPV) was 78.46%, for trisomy 18, 62.96%, for trisomy 13, 10.00%, for SCAs, 47.22% in the total samples. For trisomy 21, the PPV was 86.67%, for trisomy 18, 80.00%, for trisomy 13, 20.00%, for SCAs, 56.52% in advanced maternal age (AMA) women. The PPV of T21 increased with age. For T18, the PPV showed an overall upward trend. For T13 and SCAs, PPV was raised first and then lowered. Placental verification of false positive (FP) NIPT results confirmed confined placental mosaicism(CPM) was the reason for false positives. CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the first time that NIPT has been used as a first-tier screening test for fetal aneuploidies in a pilot city with large clinical samples in China. We propose that NIPT could replace serum biochemistry screening as a first-tier test.

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