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1.
Allergy ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the clinical or pathophysiologic significance of the "treatable trait" high blood eosinophil count in COPD is the same as for asthma remains controversial. We sought to determine the relationship between the blood eosinophil count, clinical characteristics and gene expression from bronchial brushings in COPD and asthma. METHODS: Subjects were recruited into a COPD (emphysema versus airway disease [EvA]) or asthma cohort (Unbiased BIOmarkers in PREDiction of respiratory disease outcomes, U-BIOPRED). We determined gene expression using RNAseq in EvA (n = 283) and Affymetrix microarrays in U-BIOPRED (n = 85). We ran linear regression analysis of the bronchial brushings transcriptional signal versus blood eosinophil counts as well as differential expression using a blood eosinophil > 200 cells/µL as a cut-off. The false discovery rate was controlled at 1% (with continuous values) and 5% (with dichotomized values). RESULTS: There were no differences in age, gender, lung function, exercise capacity and quantitative computed tomography between eosinophilic versus noneosinophilic COPD cases. Total serum IgE was increased in eosinophilic asthma and COPD. In EvA, there were 12 genes with a statistically significant positive association with the linear blood eosinophil count, whereas in U-BIOPRED, 1197 genes showed significant associations (266 positive and 931 negative). The transcriptome showed little overlap between genes and pathways associated with blood eosinophil counts in asthma versus COPD. Only CST1 was common to eosinophilic asthma and COPD and was replicated in independent cohorts. CONCLUSION: Despite shared "treatable traits" between asthma and COPD, the molecular mechanisms underlying these clinical entities are predominately different.

2.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(18): 9511-9523, 2019 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504766

RESUMO

We present Nucleosome Dynamics, a suite of programs integrated into a virtual research environment and created to define nucleosome architecture and dynamics from noisy experimental data. The package allows both the definition of nucleosome architectures and the detection of changes in nucleosomal organization due to changes in cellular conditions. Results are displayed in the context of genomic information thanks to different visualizers and browsers, allowing the user a holistic, multidimensional view of the genome/transcriptome. The package shows good performance for both locating equilibrium nucleosome architecture and nucleosome dynamics and provides abundant useful information in several test cases, where experimental data on nucleosome position (and for some cases expression level) have been collected for cells under different external conditions (cell cycle phase, yeast metabolic cycle progression, changes in nutrients or difference in MNase digestion level). Nucleosome Dynamics is a free software and is provided under several distribution models.


Assuntos
Genômica/métodos , Nucleossomos/genética , Software , Ciclo Celular/genética , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/genética , Genoma/genética , Nucleossomos/química , Nucleossomos/ultraestrutura , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sítio de Iniciação de Transcrição , Transcriptoma/genética
3.
Clin Epigenetics ; 11(1): 108, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of midbrain dopaminergic neurons (DAn). Previously, we described the presence of DNA hyper- and hypo-methylation alterations in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived DAn from PD patients using the Illumina 450K array which prominently covers gene regulatory regions. METHODS: To expand and contextualize previous findings, we performed the first whole-genome DNA bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) using iPSC-derived DAn from representative PD subjects: one sporadic PD (sPD) patient, one monogenic LRRK2-associated PD patient (L2PD), and one control. RESULTS: At the whole-genome level, we detected global DNA hyper-methylation in the PD which was similarly spread across the genome in both sPD and L2PD and mostly affected intergenic regions. CONCLUSION: This study implements previous epigenetic knowledge in PD at a whole genome level providing the first comprehensive and unbiased CpG DNA methylation data using iPSC-derived DAn from PD patients. Our results indicate that DAn from monogenic or sporadic PD exhibit global DNA hyper-methylation changes. Findings from this exploratory study are to be validated in further studies analyzing other PD cell models and patient tissues.

4.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 151, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Binding of the programmed death-1 (PD-1) receptor to its ligands (PD-L1/2) transduces inhibitory signals that promote exhaustion of activated T cells. Blockade of the PD-1 pathway is widely used for cancer treatment, yet the inhibitory signals transduced by PD-1 in T cells remain elusive. METHODS: Expression profiles of human CD8+ T cells in resting, activated (CD3 + CD28) and PD-1-stimulated cells (CD3 + CD28 + PD-L1-Fc) conditions were evaluated by RNA-seq. Bioinformatic analyses were used to identify signaling pathways differentially regulated in PD-1-stimulated cells. Metabolic analyses were performed with SeaHorse technology, and mitochondrial ultrastructure was determined by transmission electron microscopy. PD-1-regulated mitochondrial genes were silenced using short-hairpin RNA in primary cells. Blue native gel electrophoresis was used to determine respiratory supercomplex assembly. RESULTS: PD-1 engagement in human CD8+ T cells triggers a specific, progressive genetic program different from that found in resting cells. Gene ontology identified metabolic processes, including glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), as the main pathways targeted by PD-1. We observed severe functional and structural alterations in the mitochondria of PD-1-stimulated cells, including a reduction in the number and length of mitochondrial cristae. These cristae alterations were associated with reduced expression of CHCHD3 and CHCHD10, two proteins that form part of the mitochondrial contact site and cristae organizing system (MICOS). Although PD-1-stimulated cells showed severe cristae alterations, assembly of respiratory supercomplexes was unexpectedly greater in these cells than in activated T cells. CHCHD3 silencing in primary CD8+ T cells recapitulated some effects induced by PD-1 stimulation, including reduced mitochondrial polarization and interferon-γ production following T cell activation with anti-CD3 and -CD28 activating antibodies. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that mitochondria are the main targets of PD-1 inhibitory activity. PD-1 reprograms CD8+ T cell metabolism for efficient use of fatty acid oxidation; this mitochondrial phenotype might explain the long-lived phenotype of PD-1-engaged T cells.

5.
Genome Res ; 29(6): 907-919, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138618

RESUMO

The processes and mechanisms of virus infection fate decisions that are the result of a dynamic virus-immune system interaction with either an efficient effector response and virus elimination or an alleviated immune response and chronic infection are poorly understood. Here, we characterized the host response to acute and chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infections by gene coexpression network analysis of time-resolved splenic transcriptomes. First, we found an early attenuation of inflammatory monocyte/macrophage prior to the onset of T cell exhaustion, and second, a critical role of the XCL1-XCR1 communication axis during the functional adaptation of the T cell response to the chronic infection state. These findings not only reveal an important feedback mechanism that couples T cell exhaustion with the maintenance of a lower level of effector T cell response but also suggest therapy options to better control virus levels during the chronic infection phase.


Assuntos
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Modelos Biológicos , Biologia de Sistemas , Viroses/virologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Virais , Doença Aguda , Animais , Biomarcadores , Doença Crônica , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos , Baço/imunologia , Baço/metabolismo , Biologia de Sistemas/métodos
6.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1002, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130969

RESUMO

The host immune response against infection requires the coordinated action of many diverse cell subsets that dynamically adapt to a pathogen threat. Due to the complexity of such a response, most immunological studies have focused on a few genes, proteins, or cell types. With the development of "omic"-technologies and computational analysis methods, attempts to analyze and understand complex system dynamics are now feasible. However, the decomposition of transcriptomic data sets generated from complete organs remains a major challenge. Here, we combined Weighted Gene Coexpression Network Analysis (WGCNA) and Digital Cell Quantifier (DCQ) to analyze time-resolved mouse splenic transcriptomes in acute and chronic Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV) infections. This enabled us to generate hypotheses about complex immune functioning after a virus-induced perturbation. This strategy was validated by successfully predicting several known immune phenomena, such as effector cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) expansion and exhaustion. Furthermore, we predicted and subsequently verified experimentally macrophage-CD8 T cell cooperativity and the participation of virus-specific CD8+ T cells with an early effector transcriptome profile in the host adaptation to chronic infection. Thus, the linking of gene expression changes with immune cell kinetics provides novel insights into the complex immune processes within infected tissues.

7.
Cell Rep ; 26(4): 1059-1069.e6, 2019 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30673601

RESUMO

Global investigation of histone marks in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains limited. Analyses of 38 AML samples through integrated transcriptional and chromatin mark analysis exposes 2 major subtypes. One subtype is dominated by patients with NPM1 mutations or MLL-fusion genes, shows activation of the regulatory pathways involving HOX-family genes as targets, and displays high self-renewal capacity and stemness. The second subtype is enriched for RUNX1 or spliceosome mutations, suggesting potential interplay between the 2 aberrations, and mainly depends on IRF family regulators. Cellular consequences in prognosis predict a relatively worse outcome for the first subtype. Our integrated profiling establishes a rich resource to probe AML subtypes on the basis of expression and chromatin data.

8.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 116(3): 677-692, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30512195

RESUMO

The existence of dynamic cellular phenotypes in changing environmental conditions is of major interest for cell biologists who aim to understand the mechanism and sequence of regulation of gene expression. In the context of therapeutic protein production by Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, a detailed temporal understanding of cell-line behavior and control is necessary to achieve a more predictable and reliable process performance. Of particular interest are data on dynamic, temporally resolved transcriptional regulation of genes in response to altered substrate availability and culture conditions. In this study, the gene transcription dynamics throughout a 9-day batch culture of CHO cells was examined by analyzing histone modifications and gene expression profiles in regular 12- and 24-hr intervals, respectively. Three levels of regulation were observed: (a) the presence or absence of DNA methylation in the promoter region provides an ON/OFF switch; (b) a temporally resolved correlation is observed between the presence of active transcription- and promoter-specific histone marks and the expression level of the respective genes; and (c) a major mechanism of gene regulation is identified by interaction of coding genes with long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), as observed in the regulation of the expression level of both neighboring coding/lnc gene pairs and of gene pairs where the lncRNA is able to form RNA-DNA-DNA triplexes. Such triplex-forming regions were predominantly found in the promoter or enhancer region of the targeted coding gene. Significantly, the coding genes with the highest degree of variation in expression during the batch culture are characterized by a larger number of possible triplex-forming interactions with differentially expressed lncRNAs. This indicates a specific role of lncRNA-triplexes in enabling rapid and large changes in transcription. A more comprehensive understanding of these regulatory mechanisms will provide an opportunity for new tools to control cellular behavior and to engineer enhanced phenotypes.

9.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(1): 107-114, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385411

RESUMO

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is caused by mutations in the protein fibrillin-1 (FBN1) which affects the integrity of connective tissue elastic fibres. The most severe clinical outcome is the formation of ascending aortic aneurysms. FBN1 mutations are extremely variable and the prediction of disease phenotype and aortic risk is challenging under the prevailing mutation type classification. Finding a better correlation between mutation type and disease development is crucial for patient treatment. By mRNA sequencing of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells derived from control subjects and from the dilated and non-dilated aortic tunica media of MFS patients, we found a scarcely described FBN1 3'UTR mutation. This mutation was accompanied by a clear gene ontological endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in the non-dilated aortic zone, which was confirmed by the increased transcriptional expression of MANF, HSPA5, SEL1L, DDIT3/CHOP and CRELD2 as well as protein expression levels of BiP/GRP78, CHOP and sXBP1. Moreover, the ER stress response was accompanied by a decrease in the phosphorylation levels of the protein translation regulator elF2α. In conclusion, we here identify a 3'UTR mutation of FBN1 in MFS patients, whose molecular mechanism suggest the involvement of the ER stress response in the formation of the aortic aneurysm. Our results emphasise the importance of mutations in non-coding regions and their resulting molecular mechanisms in the development of connective tissue diseases with impact on the cardiovascular system.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Aneurisma Aórtico/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Fibrilina-1/genética , Fibrilina-1/metabolismo , Síndrome de Marfan/metabolismo , Mutação , Aorta/metabolismo , Aneurisma Aórtico/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Marfan/genética , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
10.
Bioinformatics ; 35(5): 737-742, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137223

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: DNA methylation is essential for normal embryogenesis and development in mammals and can be captured at single base pair resolution by whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS). Current available analysis tools are becoming rapidly outdated as they lack sensible functionality and efficiency to handle large amounts of data now commonly created. RESULTS: We developed gemBS, a fast high-throughput bioinformatics pipeline specifically designed for large scale BS-Seq analysis that combines a high performance BS-mapper (GEM3) and a variant caller specifically for BS-Seq data (BScall). gemBS provides genotype information and methylation estimates for all genomic cytosines in different contexts (CpG and non-CpG) and a set of quality reports for comprehensive and reproducible analysis. gemBS is highly modular and can be easily automated, while producing robust and accurate results. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: gemBS is released under the GNU GPLv3+ license. Source code and documentation are freely available from www.statgen.cat/gemBS. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Animais , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Software , Sulfitos
11.
Br J Haematol ; 184(3): 373-383, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565652

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) comprise a family of non-coding transcripts that are emerging as relevant gene expression regulators of different processes, including tumour development. To determine the possible contribution of lncRNA to the pathogenesis of follicular lymphoma (FL) we performed RNA-sequencing at high depth sequencing in primary FL samples ranging from grade 1-3A to aggressive grade 3B variants using unpurified (n = 16) and purified (n = 12) tumour cell suspensions from nodal samples. FL grade 3B had a significantly higher number of differentially expressed lncRNAs (dif-lncRNAs) with potential target coding genes related to cell cycle regulation. Nine out of the 18 selected dif-lncRNAs were validated by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction in an independent series (n = 43) of FL. RP4-694A7.2 was identified as the top deregulated lncRNA potentially involved in cell proliferation. RP4-694A7.2 silencing in the WSU-FSCCL FL cell line reduced cell proliferation due to a block in the G1/S phase. The relationship between RP4-694A7.2 and proliferation was confirmed in primary samples as its expression levels positively related to the Ki-67 proliferation index. In summary, lncRNAs are differentially expressed across the clinico-biological spectrum of FL and a subset of them, related to cell cycle, may participate in cell proliferation regulation in these tumours.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
13.
Cell Stem Cell ; 23(5): 727-741.e9, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220521

RESUMO

Here, we report DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation dynamics at nucleotide resolution using C/EBPα-enhanced reprogramming of B cells into induced pluripotent cells (iPSCs). We observed successive waves of hydroxymethylation at enhancers, concomitant with a decrease in DNA methylation, suggesting active demethylation. Consistent with this finding, ablation of the DNA demethylase Tet2 almost completely abolishes reprogramming. C/EBPα, Klf4, and Tfcp2l1 each interact with Tet2 and recruit the enzyme to specific DNA sites. During reprogramming, some of these sites maintain high levels of 5hmC, and enhancers and promoters of key pluripotency factors become demethylated as early as 1 day after Yamanaka factor induction. Surprisingly, methylation changes precede chromatin opening in distinct chromatin regions, including Klf4 bound sites, revealing a pioneer factor activity associated with alternation in DNA methylation. Rapid changes in hydroxymethylation similar to those in B cells were also observed during compound-accelerated reprogramming of fibroblasts into iPSCs, highlighting the generality of our observations.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular/genética , Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
14.
Cell Rep ; 24(10): 2784-2794, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184510

RESUMO

Neutrophils are short-lived blood cells that play a critical role in host defense against infections. To better comprehend neutrophil functions and their regulation, we provide a complete epigenetic overview, assessing important functional features of their differentiation stages from bone marrow-residing progenitors to mature circulating cells. Integration of chromatin modifications, methylation, and transcriptome dynamics reveals an enforced regulation of differentiation, for cellular functions such as release of proteases, respiratory burst, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. We observe an early establishment of the cytotoxic capability, while the signaling components that activate these antimicrobial mechanisms are transcribed at later stages, outside the bone marrow, thus preventing toxic effects in the bone marrow niche. Altogether, these data reveal how the developmental dynamics of the chromatin landscape orchestrate the daily production of a large number of neutrophils required for innate host defense and provide a comprehensive overview of differentiating human neutrophils.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Humanos
16.
Oncotarget ; 9(39): 25630-25646, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876013

RESUMO

Epigenetic alterations have been associated with both pathogenesis and progression of cancer. By screening of library compounds, we identified a novel hybrid epi-drug MC2884, a HAT/EZH2 inhibitor, able to induce bona fide cancer-selective cell death in both solid and hematological cancers in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo xenograft models. Anticancer action was due to an epigenome modulation by H3K27me3, H3K27ac, H3K9/14ac decrease, and to caspase-dependent apoptosis induction. MC2884 triggered mitochondrial pathway apoptosis by up-regulation of cleaved-BID, and strong down-regulation of BCL2. Even aggressive models of cancer, such as p53-/- or TET2-/- cells, responded to MC2884, suggesting MC2884 therapeutic potential also for the therapy of TP53 or TET2-deficient human cancers. MC2884 induced massive apoptosis in ex vivo human primary leukemia blasts with poor prognosis in vivo, by targeting BCL2 expression. MC2884-treatment reduced acetylation of the BCL2 promoter at higher level than combined p300 and EZH2 inhibition. This suggests a key role for BCL-2 reduction in potentiating responsiveness, also in combination therapy with BCL2 inhibitors. Finally, we identified both the mechanism of MC2884 action as well as a potential therapeutic scheme of its use. Altogether, this provides proof of concept for the use of epi-drugs coupled with epigenome analyses to 'personalize' precision medicine.

17.
Oncotarget ; 9(39): 25647-25660, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876014

RESUMO

Epigenomic alterations have been associated with both pathogenesis and progression of cancer. Here, we analyzed the epigenome of two high-risk APL (hrAPL) patients and compared it to non-high-risk APL cases. Despite the lack of common genetic signatures, we found that human hrAPL blasts from patients with extremely poor prognosis display specific patterns of histone H3 acetylation, specifically hyperacetylation at a common set of enhancer regions. In addition, unique profiles of the repressive marks H3K27me3 and DNA methylation were exposed in high-risk APLs. Epigenetic comparison with low/intermediate-risk APLs and AMLs revealed hrAPL-specific patterns of histone acetylation and DNA methylation, suggesting these could be further developed into markers for clinical identification. The epigenetic drug MC2884, a newly generated general HAT/EZH2 inhibitor, induces apoptosis of high-risk APL blasts and reshapes their epigenomes by targeting both active and repressive marks. Together, our analysis uncovers distinctive epigenome signatures of hrAPL patients, and provides proof of concept for use of epigenome profiling coupled to epigenetic drugs to 'personalize' precision medicine.

18.
Nat Med ; 24(6): 868-880, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29785028

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a frequent hematological neoplasm in which underlying epigenetic alterations are only partially understood. Here, we analyze the reference epigenome of seven primary CLLs and the regulatory chromatin landscape of 107 primary cases in the context of normal B cell differentiation. We identify that the CLL chromatin landscape is largely influenced by distinct dynamics during normal B cell maturation. Beyond this, we define extensive catalogues of regulatory elements de novo reprogrammed in CLL as a whole and in its major clinico-biological subtypes classified by IGHV somatic hypermutation levels. We uncover that IGHV-unmutated CLLs harbor more active and open chromatin than IGHV-mutated cases. Furthermore, we show that de novo active regions in CLL are enriched for NFAT, FOX and TCF/LEF transcription factor family binding sites. Although most genetic alterations are not associated with consistent epigenetic profiles, CLLs with MYD88 mutations and trisomy 12 show distinct chromatin configurations. Furthermore, we observe that non-coding mutations in IGHV-mutated CLLs are enriched in H3K27ac-associated regulatory elements outside accessible chromatin. Overall, this study provides an integrative portrait of the CLL epigenome, identifies extensive networks of altered regulatory elements and sheds light on the relationship between the genetic and epigenetic architecture of the disease.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Epigenômica , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5964, 2018 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29654251

RESUMO

Fungal infections represent an increasingly relevant clinical problem, primarily because of the increased survival of severely immune-compromised patients. Despite the availability of active and selective drugs and of well-established prophylaxis, classical antifungals are often ineffective as resistance is frequently observed. The quest for anti-fungal drugs with novel mechanisms of action is thus important. Here we show that a new compound, 089, acts by arresting fungal cells in the G2 phase of the cell cycle through targeting of SWE1, a mechanism of action unexploited by current anti-fungal drugs. The cell cycle impairment also induces a modification of fungal cell morphology which makes fungal cells recognizable by immune cells. This new class of molecules holds promise to be a valuable source of novel antifungals, allowing the clearance of pathogenic fungi by both direct killing of the fungus and enhancing the recognition of the pathogen by the host immune system.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fase G2/efeitos dos fármacos , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Células K562 , Mamíferos
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