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2.
Am J Cardiol ; 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725675

RESUMO

Marijuana use among all age groups has been increasing, including among older adults aged ≥65 years. There is a lack of epidemiologic data examining arrhythmia risk among users of marijuana. We evaluated cross-sectional associations between current and past marijuana smoking and arrhythmias among 1485 participants from the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis who underwent extended ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring with the Zio Patch XT. Outcomes included premature atrial contractions, runs of supraventricular tachycardia, premature ventricular contractions, and runs of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT). Compared with never users, participants reporting current use of marijuana (n = 40, 3%) had more supraventricular tachycardia/day (adjusted geometric mean ratio [GMR] 1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.87 to 2.32), more premature atrial contractions/hour (GMR 1.22, 95% CI 0.72, 2.13), and more NSVT/day (GMR 1.28, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.73); although, CIs overlapped 1. Additionally, more frequent marijuana use was associated with more runs of NSVT/day (GMR 1.56, 95% CI 1.13, 2.17). In conclusion, our results suggest that current marijuana use may be associated with a greater burden of arrhythmias. There is a need for additional research, mainly using a prospective design, to clarify if marijuana use causes atrial and ventricular arrhythmias or other cardiovascular complications among older adults.

3.
Cell Genom ; 2(1)2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530816

RESUMO

Genetic studies on telomere length are important for understanding age-related diseases. Prior GWAS for leukocyte TL have been limited to European and Asian populations. Here, we report the first sequencing-based association study for TL across ancestrally-diverse individuals (European, African, Asian and Hispanic/Latino) from the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program. We used whole genome sequencing (WGS) of whole blood for variant genotype calling and the bioinformatic estimation of telomere length in n=109,122 individuals. We identified 59 sentinel variants (p-value <5×10-9) in 36 loci associated with telomere length, including 20 newly associated loci (13 were replicated in external datasets). There was little evidence of effect size heterogeneity across populations. Fine-mapping at OBFC1 indicated the independent signals colocalized with cell-type specific eQTLs for OBFC1 (STN1). Using a multi-variant gene-based approach, we identified two genes newly implicated in telomere length, DCLRE1B (SNM1B) and PARN. In PheWAS, we demonstrated our TL polygenic trait scores (PTS) were associated with increased risk of cancer-related phenotypes.

4.
Biol Res Nurs ; : 10998004221098113, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527686

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Studies examining biomarkers associated with fatigue in breast cancer survivors treated with radiation are limited. Therefore, we examined the longitudinal association between serum biomarkers and post-breast cancer fatigue in survivors treated with radiation: [oxidative stress] 8-hydroxyguanosine, myeloperoxidase; [inflammation] interleukin-6 (IL-6), c-reactive protein, growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), placental growth factor, transforming growth factor-beta, [cardiac damage] cystatin-C, troponin-I. METHODS: In a secondary analysis, we included participants from the Women's Health Initiative if they had: a previous breast cancer diagnosis (stages I-III), no prior cardiovascular diseases, pre-and post-breast cancer serum samples drawn approximately 3 years apart, and fatigue measured using the Short-Form 36 vitality subscale at both serum collections. Biomarkers were measured using ELISA or RT-qPCR and modeled as the log2 post-to pre-breast cancer ratio. RESULTS: Overall, 180 women with a mean (SD) age of 67.0 (5.5) years were included. The mean (SD) vitality scores were 66.2 (17.2) and 59.7 (19.7) pre- and post-breast cancer, respectively. Using multivariable weighted linear regression, higher biomarker ratios of cystatin-C, IL-6, and GDF-15 were associated with a lower vitality score (i.e., higher fatigue). For example, for each 2-fold difference in cystatin-C biomarker ratio, the vitality score was lower by 7.31 points (95% CI: -14.2, -0.45). CONCLUSION: Inflammatory and cardiac damage biomarkers are associated with fatigue in breast cancer survivors treated with radiation; however, these findings should be replicated in a larger sample. Biomarkers could be measured in clinical practice or assessed in risk prediction models to help identify patients at high risk for fatigue.

6.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 863893, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35592775

RESUMO

Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) aggregate the effects of genetic variants across the genome and are used to predict risk of complex diseases, such as obesity. Current PRSs only include common variants (minor allele frequency (MAF) ≥1%), whereas the contribution of rare variants in PRSs to predict disease remains unknown. Here, we examine whether augmenting the standard common variant PRS (PRScommon) with a rare variant PRS (PRSrare) improves prediction of obesity. We used genome-wide genotyped and imputed data on 451,145 European-ancestry participants of the UK Biobank, as well as whole exome sequencing (WES) data on 184,385 participants. We performed single variant analyses (for both common and rare variants) and gene-based analyses (for rare variants) for association with BMI (kg/m2), obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), and extreme obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2). We built PRSscommon and PRSsrare using a range of methods (Clumping+Thresholding [C+T], PRS-CS, lassosum, gene-burden test). We selected the best-performing PRSs and assessed their performance in 36,757 European-ancestry unrelated participants with whole genome sequencing (WGS) data from the Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program. The best-performing PRScommon explained 10.1% of variation in BMI, and 18.3% and 22.5% of the susceptibility to obesity and extreme obesity, respectively, whereas the best-performing PRSrare explained 1.49%, and 2.97% and 3.68%, respectively. The PRSrare was associated with an increased risk of obesity and extreme obesity (ORobesity = 1.37 per SDPRS, P obesity = 1.7x10-85; ORextremeobesity = 1.55 per SDPRS, P extremeobesity = 3.8x10-40), which was attenuated, after adjusting for PRScommon (ORobesity = 1.08 per SDPRS, P obesity = 9.8x10-6; ORextremeobesity= 1.09 per SDPRS, P extremeobesity = 0.02). When PRSrare and PRScommon are combined, the increase in explained variance attributed to PRSrare was small (incremental Nagelkerke R2 = 0.24% for obesity and 0.51% for extreme obesity). Consistently, combining PRSrare to PRScommon provided little improvement to the prediction of obesity (PRSrare AUC = 0.591; PRScommon AUC = 0.708; PRScombined AUC = 0.710). In summary, while rare variants show convincing association with BMI, obesity and extreme obesity, the PRSrare provides limited improvement over PRScommon in the prediction of obesity risk, based on these large populations.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Obesidade , Frequência do Gene , Variação Genética , Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
7.
Circulation ; 145(20): 1524-1533, 2022 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare sequence variation in genes underlying cardiac repolarization and common polygenic variation influence QT interval duration. However, current clinical genetic testing of individuals with unexplained QT prolongation is restricted to examination of monogenic rare variants. The recent emergence of large-scale biorepositories with sequence data enables examination of the joint contribution of rare and common variations to the QT interval in the population. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study of the QTc in 84 630 UK Biobank participants and created a polygenic risk score (PRS). Among 26 976 participants with whole-genome sequencing and ECG data in the TOPMed (Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine) program, we identified 160 carriers of putative pathogenic rare variants in 10 genes known to be associated with the QT interval. We examined QTc associations with the PRS and with rare variants in TOPMed. RESULTS: Fifty-four independent loci were identified by genome-wide association study in the UK Biobank. Twenty-one loci were novel, of which 12 were replicated in TOPMed. The PRS composed of 1 110 494 common variants was significantly associated with the QTc in TOPMed (ΔQTc/decile of PRS=1.4 ms [95% CI, 1.3 to 1.5]; P=1.1×10-196). Carriers of putative pathogenic rare variants had longer QTc than noncarriers (ΔQTc=10.9 ms [95% CI, 7.4 to 14.4]). Of individuals with QTc>480 ms, 23.7% carried either a monogenic rare variant or had a PRS in the top decile (3.4% monogenic, 21% top decile of PRS). CONCLUSIONS: QTc duration in the population is influenced by both rare variants in genes underlying cardiac repolarization and polygenic risk, with a sizeable contribution from polygenic risk. Comprehensive assessment of the genetic determinants of QTc prolongation includes incorporation of both polygenic and monogenic risk.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Síndrome do QT Longo , Eletrocardiografia , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Síndrome do QT Longo/diagnóstico , Síndrome do QT Longo/genética , Herança Multifatorial , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
8.
HIV Med ; 2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People with HIV (PWH) are at increased risk of cardiovascular comorbidities and substance use is a potential predisposing factor. We evaluated associations of tobacco smoking and alcohol use with venous thromboembolism (VTE) in PWH. METHODS: We assessed incident, centrally adjudicated VTE among 12 957 PWH within the Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) cohort between January 2009 and December 2018. Using separate Cox proportional hazards models, we evaluated associations of time-updated alcohol and cigarette use with VTE, adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics. Smoking was evaluated as pack-years and never, former, or current use with current cigarettes per day. Alcohol use was parameterized using categorical and continuous alcohol use score, frequency of use, and binge frequency. RESULTS: During a median of 3.6 years of follow-up, 213 PWH developed a VTE. One-third of PWH reported binge drinking and 40% reported currently smoking. In adjusted analyses, risk of VTE was increased among both current (HR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.02-2.03) and former (HR: 1.44, 95% CI: 0.99-2.07) smokers compared to PWH who never smoked. Additionally, total pack-years among ever-smokers (HR: 1.10 per 5 pack-years; 95% CI: 1.03-1.18) was associated with incident VTE in a dose-dependent manner. Frequency of binge drinking was associated with incident VTE (HR: 1.30 per 7 days/month, 95% CI: 1.11-1.52); however, alcohol use frequency was not. Severity of alcohol use was not significantly associated with VTE. CONCLUSIONS: Current smoking and pack-year smoking history were dose-dependently associated with incident VTE among PWH in CNICS. Binge drinking was also associated with VTE. Interventions for smoking and binge drinking may decrease VTE risk among PWH.

9.
Am J Cardiol ; 171: 69-74, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35287946

RESUMO

Baseline coronary artery calcification has been shown to be associated with dementia. However, the value of coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression in the prediction of dementia remains unclear. In this study, we examined the association between CAC progression and dementia in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis is a prospective study consisting of 6,814 participants 45 to 84 years of age, free of overt cardiovascular disease at baseline. A total of 5,570 subjects had baseline and follow-up CAC scans approximately 2.5 years apart and were included this analysis. A total of 4,173 of these participants completed cognitive testing with the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI) approximately 10 years after the baseline CAC scan. Dementia diagnoses were identified using International Classification of Diseases codes from hospitalizations, death certificates, and medications used to treat dementia. The absolute change between baseline and follow-up CAC was used to assess CAC progression. Cox proportional hazards and multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the association of CAC progression with incident dementia and with CASI score. Over a median follow-up of 13.2 (interquartile range: 11.2 to 15.3) years, 350 participants developed incident dementia. CAC progression showed no association with dementia risk after adjustment for age, gender, race/ethnicity, vascular risk factors, and baseline CAC score. There was no association of CAC progression with CASI score in any adjusted model. In conclusion, progression of CAC over approximately 2.5 years was not associated with increased risk of dementia after adjustment for demographic variables, vascular risk factors, and baseline CAC.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Demência , Calcificação Vascular , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Cálcio , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Demência/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/complicações , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Nat Genet ; 54(3): 263-273, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35256806

RESUMO

Analyses of data from genome-wide association studies on unrelated individuals have shown that, for human traits and diseases, approximately one-third to two-thirds of heritability is captured by common SNPs. However, it is not known whether the remaining heritability is due to the imperfect tagging of causal variants by common SNPs, in particular whether the causal variants are rare, or whether it is overestimated due to bias in inference from pedigree data. Here we estimated heritability for height and body mass index (BMI) from whole-genome sequence data on 25,465 unrelated individuals of European ancestry. The estimated heritability was 0.68 (standard error 0.10) for height and 0.30 (standard error 0.10) for body mass index. Low minor allele frequency variants in low linkage disequilibrium (LD) with neighboring variants were enriched for heritability, to a greater extent for protein-altering variants, consistent with negative selection. Our results imply that rare variants, in particular those in regions of low linkage disequilibrium, are a major source of the still missing heritability of complex traits and disease.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Herança Multifatorial , Alelos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Herança Multifatorial/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
11.
BMJ Open ; 12(3): e054812, 2022 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35301208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Social support may be an important mitigating factor against adverse cardiovascular outcomes by facilitating health-promoting behaviours or by buffering against the negative effects of stress. This study examined the association of social support with incident hypertension. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: We evaluated the association of social support with incident hypertension among participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a community-based cohort of African Americans. PARTICIPANTS: This study included African American adults, who were free of hypertension at baseline (2000-2004). Functional social support, structural social support and satisfaction with social support were assessed at baseline among 1516, 1240 and 1503 participants, respectively. OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident hypertension was assessed at follow-up examinations in 2005-2008 and 2009-2013. Incident hypertension was defined by the first visit with systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported antihypertensive medication use. Multivariable Poisson regression was used to estimate the association of baseline social support with incident hypertension, adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: At baseline, the mean age of participants was 50 years and 64% were men. During a median follow-up time of 6.9 years, 54% of participants developed hypertension. A high level of functional social support was associated with lower risk of incident hypertension (incident rate ratio 0.64, (95% CI 0.41 to 0.97)), compared with a low level of functional social support. Level of structural social support and satisfaction with social support were not associated with hypertension risk. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that greater functional support may be associated with a lower risk of incident hypertension.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Apoio Social
12.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 11(7): e023159, 2022 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35352569

RESUMO

Background Cardiovascular risk factors are associated with cognitive decline and dementia. Magnetic resonance imaging provides sensitive measurement of brain morphology and vascular brain injury. However, associations of risk factors with brain magnetic resonance imaging findings have largely been studied in White participants. We investigated associations of race, ethnicity, and cardiovascular risk factors with brain morphology and white matter (WM) injury in a diverse population. Methods and Results In the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, measures were made in 2018 to 2019 of total brain volume, gray matter and WM volume, and WM injury, including WM hyperintensity volume and WM fractional anisotropy. We assessed cross-sectional associations of race and ethnicity and of cardiovascular risk factors with magnetic resonance imaging measures. Magnetic resonance imaging data were complete in 1036 participants; 25% Black, 15% Chinese-American, 19% Hispanic, and 41% White. Mean (SD) age was 72 (8) years and 53% were women. Although WM injury was greater in Black than in White participants in a minimally adjusted model, additional adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic status each attenuated this association, rendering it nonsignificant. Overall, greater average WM hyperintensity volume was associated with older age and current smoking (69% greater vs never smoking); lower fractional anisotropy was additionally associated with higher diastolic blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medication, and diabetes. Conclusions We found no statistically significant difference in measures of WM injury by race and ethnicity after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors and socioeconomic status. In all racial and ethnic groups, older age, current smoking, hypertension, and diabetes were strongly associated with WM injury.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Substância Branca , Idoso , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Fatores de Risco , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia
13.
Am J Cardiol ; 170: 63-70, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193768

RESUMO

The Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metric consists of 7 modifiable health behaviors and measures that are known health factors for cardiovascular wellness. Relatively little is known about the association of LS7 score with cardiac arrhythmias. In the setting of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, we studied the LS7 score (range 0 to 14), assessed at the 2010 to 2102 study visit, in relation to cardiac arrhythmias assessed by Zio Patch ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring in 2016 to 2018. In participants free of clinically recognized cardiovascular disease and atrial fibrillation, we used logistic and linear regression to examine the association of total LS7 score with atrial fibrillation, supraventricular ectopy, and ventricular ectopy. In 1,329 participants in the analysis, the mean (SD) age was 67 (8) years and 48% were men. A more favorable total LS7 score was associated with fewer premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) per hour (ratio of geometric means for optimal [11 to 14] versus inadequate [0 to 7] score 0.52 [95% confidence interval 0.34 to 0.81]). After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, the association was attenuated (0.66 [0.43 to 1.01]). =Among the LS7 components, a more favorable body mass index was associated with less ventricular ectopy. We did not detect associations of total LS7 score with atrial arrhythmias. In conclusion, in this longitudinal study of older participants free of clinically recognized cardiovascular disease, there was little evidence of association of the LS7 cardiovascular health score with subclinical cardiac arrhythmias. However, there was a suggestion that a more favorable LS7 score was associated with fewer PVCs and specifically, that a more favorable body mass index was associated with fewer PVCs.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Fibrilação Atrial , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros , Idoso , Aterosclerose/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/complicações , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/diagnóstico
14.
AIDS ; 36(6): 903-905, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220349

RESUMO

To assess atrial fibrillation risk factors in people with HIV, we identified incident atrial fibrillation in a large clinical cohort of people receiving care. Compared with 970 controls without atrial fibrillation, the 97 with adjudicated incident atrial fibrillation were older, less likely Hispanic, and had more coronary disease, heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In multivariable analysis, nonuse of antiretroviral therapy and prescription of antiretroviral regimens with multiple core agents were associated with increased atrial fibrillation risk.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Infecções por HIV , Antirretrovirais , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
Radiology ; 303(2): 317-326, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191736

RESUMO

Background Left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) structural and functional parameters have independent prognostic values as predictors of atrial fibrillation (AF). Purpose To investigate the prognostic value of a left atrioventricular coupling index (LACI) and average annualized change in LACI (hereafter, ΔLACI) measured by cardiac MRI to predict incident AF in a population-based sample from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Materials and Methods In a secondary analysis of the prospective MESA, 1911 study participants without clinically recognized AF and cardiovascular disease at baseline had LACI assessed with cardiac MRI at baseline (examination 1, 2000-2002) and 10 years later (examination 5, 2010-2012). LACI was defined as the ratio of LA to LV end-diastolic volumes. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the associations of LACI and average ΔLACI with incident AF. Results Among the 1911 participants (mean age, 59 years ± 9 [standard deviation]; 907 men), 87 incident AF events occurred over 3.9 years ± 0.9 after the second imaging (examination 5). After adjustment for traditional risk factors, greater LACI and ΔLACI were independently associated with AF (hazard ratio, 1.69 [95% CI: 1.46, 1.96] and 1.71 [95% CI: 1.50, 1.94], respectively; both P < .001). Adjusted models for LACI and ΔLACI showed improvement in model discrimination compared with currently used AF risk score (Cohort for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology-Atrial Fibrillation, or CHARGE-AF, score) model (area under receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC], 0.78 vs 0.74; and AUC, 0.80 vs 0.74, respectively; both P < .001); and to the final model including individual LA or LV parameters for predicting AF incidence (AUC, 0.78 vs 0.76; and AUC, 0.80 vs 0.78, respectively; both P < .001). Conclusion Atrioventricular coupling (left atrioventricular coupling index [LACI]) and coupling change (annual change in LACI) were strong predictors for atrial fibrillation (AF) in a multiethnic population. Both had incremental prognostic value for predicting AF over traditional risk factors, and superior discrimination compared with the Cohort for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology-Atrial Fibrillation, or CHARGE-AF, score and to individual left atrial or left ventricular parameters. © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Leiner in this issue.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Fibrilação Atrial , Aterosclerose/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Feminino , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 90(1): 50-55, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Insomnia is common among people with HIV (PWH) and may be associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI). This study examines the association between insomnia and MI by MI type among PWH. SETTING: Longitudinal cohort study of PWH at 5 Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems sites. METHODS: Clinical data and patient-reported measures and outcomes from PWH in care between 2005 and 2018 were used in this study. Insomnia, measured at baseline, was defined as having difficulty falling or staying asleep with bothersome symptoms. The Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems centrally adjudicates MIs using expert reviewers, with distinction between type 1 MI (T1MI) and type 2 MI (T2MI). Associations between insomnia and first incident MI by MI type were measured using separate Cox proportional hazard models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, poor kidney function, diabetes, and smoking), HIV markers (antiretroviral therapy, viral suppression, and CD4 cell count), and stimulant use (cocaine/crack and methamphetamine). RESULTS: Among 12,448 PWH, 48% reported insomnia. Over a median of 4.4 years of follow-up, 158 T1MIs and 109 T2MIs were identified; approximately half of T2MIs were attributed to sepsis or stimulant use. After adjustment for potential confounders, we found no association between insomnia and T1MI (hazard ratio = 1.05, 95% confidence interval: 0.76 to 1.45) and a 65% increased risk of T2MI among PWH reporting insomnia compared with PWH without insomnia (hazard ratio = 1.65, 95% confidence interval: 1.11 to 2.45). CONCLUSIONS: PWH reporting insomnia are at an increased risk of T2MI, but not T1MI, compared with PWH without insomnia, highlighting the importance of distinguishing MI types among PWH.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Infarto do Miocárdio , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações
17.
J Rheumatol ; 49(3): 274-280, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Individuals with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have a greater cardiovascular (CV) risk than those in the general population. The effect of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFis) on CV risk, including on the development of hypertension (HTN), remains unclear, with some data suggesting higher risk. We assessed the association of TNFi use with incident HTN in a longitudinal AS cohort. METHODS: Adults with AS enrolled in a prospective cohort in 2002-2018 were examined every 4-6 months. TNFi use during the preceding 6 months was ascertained at each study visit. We defined HTN by patient-reported HTN, antihypertensive medication use, or, on 2 consecutive visits, systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg. We evaluated the association between TNFi use and the development of HTN with marginal structural models, estimated by inverse probability-of-treatment weighting, to account for time-dependent confounders and informative censoring. Potential confounders included age, sex, race, site, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use, and disease activity. RESULTS: We included 630 patients without baseline HTN and with at least 1 year of follow-up. Of these, 72% were male, mean age was 39 ± 13 years, and 43% used TNFi at baseline. On follow-up (median 5 yrs), 129 developed incident HTN and 163 started on TNFi during follow-up. TNFi use was not associated with incident HTN (adjusted HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.83-1.37). CONCLUSION: In our prospective AS cohort, TNFi use was not significantly associated with incident HTN.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Hipertensão , Espondilite Anquilosante , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
20.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 704611, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540915

RESUMO

Background: Although left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) structural and functional parameters have independent prognostic value as predictors of heart failure (HF), the close physiological relationship between the LA and LV suggest that the assessment of LA/LV coupling could better reflect left atrioventricular dysfunction and be a better predictor of HF. Aim: We investigated the prognostic value of a left atrioventricular coupling index (LACI), measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), as well as change in LACI to predict incident HF in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Materials and Methods: In the MESA, 2,250 study participants, free of clinically recognized HF and cardiovascular disease (CVD) at baseline, had LACI assessed by CMR imaging at baseline (Exam 1, 2000-2002), and 10 years later (Exam 5, 2010-2012). Left atrioventricular coupling index was defined as the ratio of LA to LV end-diastolic volumes. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to evaluate the associations of LACI and average annualized change in LACI (ΔLACI) with incident HF after adjustment for traditional MESA-HF risk factors. The incremental risk prediction was calculated using C-statistic, categorical net reclassification index (NRI) and integrative discrimination index (IDI). Results: Among the 2,250 participants (mean age 59.3 ± 9.3 years and 47.6% male participants), 50 incident HF events occurred over 6.8 ± 1.3 years after the second CMR exam. After adjustment, greater LACI and ΔLACI were independently associated with HF (adjusted HR 1.44, 95% CI [1.25-1.66] and adjusted HR 1.55, 95% CI [1.30-1.85], respectively; both p < 0.0001). Adjusted models for LACI showed significant improvement in model discrimination and reclassification compared to currently used HF risk score model for predicting HF incidence (C-statistic: 0.81 vs. 0.77; NRI = 0.411; IDI = 0.043). After adjustment, ΔLACI showed also significant improvement in model discrimination compared to the multivariable model with traditional MESA-HF risk factors for predicting incident HF (C-statistic: 0.82 vs. 0.77; NRI = 0.491; IDI = 0.058). Conclusions: In a multi-ethnic population, atrioventricular coupling (LACI), and coupling change (ΔLACI) are independently associated with incident HF. Both have incremental prognostic value for predicting HF events over traditional HF risk factors.

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