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Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 126602, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597079


A spin-polarized state is examined under charge current at room temperature without magnetic fields in chiral disilicide crystals NbSi_{2} and TaSi_{2}. We found that a long-range spin transport occurs over ten micrometers in these inorganic crystals. A distribution of crystalline grains of different handedness is obtained via location-sensitive electrical transport measurements. The sum rule holds in the conversion coefficient in the current-voltage characteristics. A diamagnetic nature of the crystals supports that the spin polarization is not due to localized electron spins but due to itinerant electron spins. A large difference in the strength of antisymmetric spin-orbit interaction associated with 4d electrons in Nb and 5d ones in Ta is oppositely correlated with that of the spin polarization. A robust protection of the spin polarization occurs over long distances in chiral crystals.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(23): 11201-11206, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975759


The magnetoresistance (MR) of a material is typically insensitive to reversing the applied field direction and varies quadratically with magnetic field in the low-field limit. Quantum effects, unusual topological band structures, and inhomogeneities that lead to wandering current paths can induce a cross-over from quadratic to linear MR with increasing magnetic field. Here we explore a series of metallic charge- and spin-density-wave systems that exhibit extremely large positive linear MR. By contrast to other linear MR mechanisms, this effect remains robust down to miniscule magnetic fields of tens of Oersted at low temperature. We frame an explanation of this phenomenon in a semiclassical narrative for a broad category of materials with partially gapped Fermi surfaces due to density waves.

Rev Sci Instrum ; 78(6): 066109, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17614653


A fiber-optic measurement technique is developed for estimating the pressure inside a piston cylinder cell up to approximately 4 GPa, based on the pressure-induced R1 fluorescence line shift of ruby (ruby scale). Ruby scale and a conventional technique (calibration on phase transitions of bismuth) were simultaneously applied to the cell filled with a pressure transmitting medium of isopropyl alcohol. The pressure readings of the two methods were consistent with each other, and no pressure gradient was observed. The ruby scale has the advantages of real time estimation and easy installation in a small space. Because of these advantages, three fibers were simultaneously introduced in the sample space at the same time, and pressure distribution was measured for Fluorinert (FC70:FC77=1:1), Daphne oil 7373, and Fomblin oil (YHVAC 13014).

Análise de Falha de Equipamento/instrumentação , Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica/instrumentação , Lasers , Manometria/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Calibragem , China , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento/normas , Manometria/normas , Fibras Ópticas , Pressão , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Manejo de Espécimes/normas , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/normas
Inorg Chem ; 45(25): 10270-6, 2006 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17140235


Reactions of K1.62[Pt(ox)2].2H2O and [Cu(bpy)(H2O)3](NO3)2 yielded partially oxidized one-dimensional (1D) bis(oxalato)platinates of [Cu(bpy)(H2O)n]6[Pt(ox)2]7.7H2O (n = 2, 3, or 4) (1) and [Cu(bpy)(H2O)n]8[Pt(ox)2]10.8H2O (n = 3 or 4) (2). The average oxidation numbers of the platinum ions in 1 and 2 are +2.29 and +2.40, respectively. Complexes 1 and 2 crystallize in the triclinic P and monoclinic C2/c space groups, respectively, and the [Pt(ox)2]n- anions are stacked along the crystallographic b axis with 7-fold periodicity for 1 and 10-fold periodicity for 2. In 1, an oxalato ligand in the platinum chain directly coordinates to a paramagnetic [Cu(bpy)(H2O)3]2+ ion, whereas no such direct coordination was observed for 2. The electrical conductivity of 2 at room temperature along the platinum chain is approximately 3 orders of magnitude smaller (sigma||= 1.3 x 10(-3) S cm(-1)) than that of 1 (sigma|| = 0.9-0.5 S cm(-1)), and the activation energies of 1 and 2 are 29 and 67 meV, respectively. The longest inter-platinum distances in 1 and 2 are 2.762 and 3.0082 A, respectively, and this is responsible for the lower electrical conductivity of 2. An X-ray oscillation photograph taken along the b axis of 1 reveals the 7-fold periodicity in the 1D chain, consistent with the period of the Peierls distortion estimated from the degree of partial oxidation. The semiconducting state of 1 can therefore be regarded as a commensurate Peierls state. The magnetoresistance of 1 at ambient pressure indicates no interaction between conduction electrons in the platinum chain and local spins of the paramagnetic CuII ions. Application of hydrostatic pressures of up to 3 GPa enhances electrical conduction, as is often seen as the usual pressure effect on the electrical conductivity, which is due to enhanced orbital (Pt-5dz2) overlap by pressure application.

J Am Chem Soc ; 128(25): 8140-1, 2006 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16787070


The electrical resistivity and X-ray oscillation photograph measurements for an MMX-chain complex, Pt2(dtp)4I (dtp = C2H5CS2-), under high pressure were performed. We observed the most stable metallic phase (TMI = 70 K, under 2.2 GPa) in the 1-D purely d-electronic conductors and pressure-induced metal-insulator transition including the structural phase transition at 3.0 GPa.