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1.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236718

RESUMO

AIMS: In ENSURE-AF (NCT02072434), the oral Factor Xa inhibitor edoxaban showed similar efficacy and safety vs enoxaparin-warfarin in patients undergoing electrical cardioversion of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). This ancillary analysis compares primary efficacy and safety end points for patients receiving vs not receiving concomitant antiplatelet therapy (APT) in ENSURE-AF. METHODS: The primary efficacy end point was a composite of stroke, systemic embolic events, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular death during 28 days on study drug after cardioversion plus 30 days of follow-up. The primary safety end point was the composite of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding occurring between the first and the last dose of study drug. RESULTS: Of 2199 patients enrolled, 1095 were randomized to edoxaban and 1104 to enoxaparin-warfarin. Patients receiving concomitant APT were older; more naïve to vitamin K antagonist; had lower creatinine clearance; and more likely to have history of coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, or ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack. In patients receiving vs not receiving concomitant APT, primary efficacy event rate was numerically higher (0.92% vs 0.60%, p = 0.64) and primary safety event rate was significantly higher (3.21% vs 0.92%, p = 0.0096). Stepwise logistic regression analysis identified age and APT as covariates correlated with bleeding. There was a trend toward increased bleeding risk in elderly patients receiving vs not receiving concomitant APT. CONCLUSION: In ENSURE-AF, thromboembolic events were rare and absolute bleeding event rates were higher with concomitant APT. These findings may be relevant for AF-patients considered for dual therapy; even for a short treatment duration of 1 month.

2.
Can J Cardiol ; 36(4): 500-508, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulation increases the bleeding risk. We investigated how clinical factors and the level of atrial fibrillation (AF) knowledge affect the bleeding acceptance in patients with AF. METHODS: In 173 consecutive anticoagulated outpatients with AF (aged 68.7 ± 10.7 years, 39.3% male), the bleeding ratio was assessed based on the declared maximum number of major bleeds the people were willing to endure to avert 1 stroke. The Jessa AF Knowledge Questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge of AF. RESULTS: Compared with patients with the high bleeding ratio (≥ 4 accepted bleedings, n = 88, 50.9%), subjects with the low bleeding ratio (0-3 accepted bleedings, n = 85, 49.1%) were older, with longer duration of AF, suffered more commonly from heart failure, and were free of cerebrovascular events. Patients after major bleeding (n = 33, 19.1%) and those reporting minor bleeds on anticoagulation (n = 77, 44.5%) had lower bleeding ratio. The independent predictors of the low bleeding ratio were older age (odds ratio [OR], 2.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.69-3.70), major bleeds on anticoagulation (OR, 3.33; 95% CI, 1.16-10.0), minor bleeds on anticoagulation (OR, 3.45; 95% CI, 1.67-7.14), and prior stroke/transient ischemic attack (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.22-0.99). The level of knowledge of AF did not affect the bleeding ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The key determinants of the bleeding ratio among anticoagulated patients with AF are age, and prior thromboembolic and bleeding episodes. The study could support identification of patients with AF who need additional effort to increase their acceptance of a life-long oral anticoagulation therapy.

3.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e13483, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticoagulant therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of minor bleeding, which is mostly accepted by patients. We aimed to assess whether continuation of anticoagulation despite minor bleeding is associated with a higher level of knowledge on AF and anticoagulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 1525 patients with AF on oral anticoagulation who completed the Jessa AF Knowledge Questionnaire (JAKQ) (median age: 72 years [range, 65-79 years]; men: 54.6%), persistent self-reported minor bleeding was recorded. Minor bleeding was observed in 567 patients (37.2%) including 224 patients (39.5%) on vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and 343 (60.5%) on non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs). The risk of minor bleeding was lower among patients on NOACs than on VKAs (33.5% vs 44.6%; P < .0001). Multiple logistic regression showed that minor bleeding was associated with the use of NOACs (odds ratio [OR] 0.75; 95% CI 0.59-0.97), female gender (OR 2.19; 95% CI, 1.74-2.75; P < .0001), history of major bleeding (OR 2.85; 95% CI, 1.96-4.14; P < .0001), time since AF diagnosis (OR 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.06; P < .0001), concomitant vascular disease (OR 1.43; 95% CI, 1.10-1.87; P = .0008) and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.3; 95% CI, 1.02-1.65, P = .03). Patients with minor bleeding, compared with the remaining subjects scored higher on the JAKQ (median, 62.5% vs 56.2%, respectively, P < .0001). The former group knew more about the purpose of anticoagulant therapy (71.8% vs 65.7%, P = .01) and bleeding as its key side effect (66.1% vs 52.7%, P < .0001), and were better informed on the safest painkillers to use in combination with anticoagulation (48% vs 35%, P < .0001). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that AF patients who accept persistent minor bleeding have better knowledge on the disease and anticoagulation therapy compared with those free of these side effects.

4.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(3): 88-93, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024805

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the acute hemodynamic effects after MitraClip implantation and to identify predictors of afterload mismatch and its prognostic implications. METHODS: Acute hemodynamic effects were assessed intraoperatively by right heart catheterization and by transesophageal echocardiography before and after MitraClip implantation in 62 consecutive patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) (functional MR, 73.8%; EuroScore 2, 7.1 ± 4.9%; left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF], 36 ± 15%; New York Heart Association class III/IV, 65%). Afterload mismatch was defined as a >15% decrease in LVEF (acute LV depression) or a >15% increase in LV end-diastolic volume (acute adverse LV remodeling). Patients were followed over a period of 24 months (mean, 18 ± 3 months) with all-cause mortality as the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Successful MitraClip implantation with residual MR ≤2 was achieved in 85% of patients. Acute LV depression was observed in 23% of patients, and acute adverse LV remodeling was observed in 15% of patients. Acute adverse LV remodeling occurred in 40% of patients with EuroScores >12 vs in 10% of patients with EuroScores ≤12 (P=.02). Although acute adverse LV remodeling was well tolerated in the acute phase, it was associated with a higher mortality rate during follow-up (62% vs 26%; log-rank P=.04). In a multivariate model, EuroScore 2, but not afterload mismatch, was the most important prognostic risk factor, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.1 (95% confidence interval, 1.0-1.2). CONCLUSION: Afterload mismatch, as assessed intraoperatively, is not uncommon after MitraClip implantation in patients with impaired LV function and is a risk marker of poor clinical outcome.

5.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(3): 282-290, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578557

RESUMO

AIMS: Athletes with right ventricular (RV) arrhythmias, even in the absence of desmosomal mutations, may have subtle RV abnormalities which can be unmasked by deformation imaging. As exercise places a disproportionate stress on the right ventricle, evaluation of cardiac function and deformation during exercise might improve diagnostic performance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed bicycle stress echocardiography in 17 apparently healthy endurance athletes (EAs), 12 non-athletic controls (NAs), and 17 athletes with RV arrhythmias without desmosomal mutations (EI-ARVCs) and compared biventricular function at rest and during low (25% of upright peak power) and moderate intensity (60%). At rest, we observed no differences in left ventricular (LV) or RV function between groups. During exercise, however, the increase in RV fractional area change (RVFAC), RV free wall strain (RVFWSL), and strain rate (RVFWSRL) were significantly attenuated in EI-ARVCs as compared to EAs and NAs. At moderate exercise intensity, EI-ARVCs had a lower RVFAC, RVFWSL, and RVFWSRL (all P < 0.01) compared to the control groups. Exercise-related increases in LV ejection fraction, strain, and strain rate were also attenuated in EI-ARVCs (P < 0.05 for interaction). Exercise but not resting parameters identified EI-ARVCs and RVFWSRL with a cut-off value of >-2.35 at moderate exercise intensity had the greatest accuracy to detect EI-ARVCs (area under the curve 0.95). CONCLUSION: Exercise deformation imaging holds promise as a non-invasive diagnostic tool to identify intrinsic RV dysfunction concealed at rest. Strain rate appears to be the most accurate parameter and should be incorporated in future, prospective studies to identify subclinical disease in an early stage.

6.
Europace ; 22(1): 33-46, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603196

RESUMO

AIMS: Recently, three randomized trials reported that dual antithrombotic treatments (DATs) including non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and a P2Y12 inhibitor without aspirin were associated with significantly less bleeding than vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-based triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We conducted an analysis of pooled data from these trials. METHODS AND RESULTS: A meta-analysis of the PIONEER AF-PCI, RE-DUAL PCI, and AUGUSTUS trials considering major bleeding [International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction], clinically relevant non-major bleeding, all-cause/cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and stent thrombosis. Treatment effect is reported as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval. Among 9463 patients (53% with ACS), DAT regimens were associated with significantly less bleeding than TAT (OR 0.598, 0.491 -0.727; P < 0.001 for ISTH major bleeding), as were NOAC-based vs. VKA-based regimens (OR 0.577, 0.477 -0.698; P < 0.001). Stroke and mortality rates were similar, but there was statistically non-significant trend towards greater risk of MI (OR 1.211, 0.955 -1.535; P = 0.115) and significantly higher risk for stent thrombosis (OR 1.672, 1.022 -2.733, P = 0.041) with DAT vs. TAT (but not NOAC- vs. VKA-based regimens). This was mainly driven by Dabigatran 110 mg; the trends were lower with full-dose NOAC or Rivaroxaban 15 mg-based DATs. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the use of full-dose NOAC (Apixaban 5 mg, Dabigatran 150 mg) or Rivaroxaban 15 mg-based treatments in most AF patients with ACS or undergoing PCI. Notwithstanding the better safety of DAT, an initial course of NOAC-based TAT may be desirable in most AF patients.

7.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 57(1): 5-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828560

RESUMO

Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are common arrhythmias in the clinical setting. PVCs in the structurally normal heart are usually benign, but in the presence of structural heart disease (SHD), they may indicate increased risk of sudden death. High PVC burden may induce cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or worsen underlying cardiomyopathy. Sometimes PVCs may be a marker of underlying pathophysiologic process such as myocarditis. Identification of PVC burden is important, since cardiomyopathy and LV dysfunction can reverse after catheter ablation or pharmacological suppression. This state-of-the-art review discusses pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, how to differentiate benign and malignant PVCs, PVCs in the structurally normal heart, underlying SHD, diagnostic procedures (physical examination, electrocardiogram, ambulatory monitoring, exercise testing, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, coronary angiography, electrophysiology study), and treatment (lifestyle modification, electrolyte imbalance, medical, and catheter ablation).

8.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 24: 100424, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763438

RESUMO

In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the prevalence of moderate-to-severe sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) ranges between 21% and 72% and observational studies have demonstrated that SDB reduces the efficacy of rhythm control strategies, while treatment with continuous positive airway pressure lowers the rate of AF recurrence. Currently, the number of apneas and hypopneas per hour (apnea-hypopnea-index, AHI) determined during a single overnight sleep study is clinically used to assess the severity of SDB. However, recent studies suggest that SDB-severity in an individual patient is not stable over time but exhibits a considerable night-to-night variability which cannot be detected by only one overnight sleep assessment. Nightly SDB-severity assessment rather than the single-night diagnosis by one overnight sleep study may better reflect the exposure to SDB-related factors and yield a superior metric to determine SDB-severity in the management of AF. In this review we discuss mechanisms of night-to-night SDB variability, arrhythmogenic consequences of night-to-night SDB variability, strategies for longitudinal assessment of nightly SDB-severity and clinical implications for screening and management of SDB in AF patients.

9.
Eur Heart J ; 40(46): 3793-3799c, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755940

RESUMO

Recent innovations have the potential to improve rhythm control therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Controlled trials provide new evidence on the effectiveness and safety of rhythm control therapy, particularly in patients with AF and heart failure. This review summarizes evidence supporting the use of rhythm control therapy in patients with AF for different outcomes, discusses implications for indications, and highlights remaining clinical gaps in evidence. Rhythm control therapy improves symptoms and quality of life in patients with symptomatic AF and can be safely delivered in elderly patients with comorbidities (mean age 70 years, 3-7% complications at 1 year). Atrial fibrillation ablation maintains sinus rhythm more effectively than antiarrhythmic drug therapy, but recurrent AF remains common, highlighting the need for better patient selection (precision medicine). Antiarrhythmic drugs remain effective after AF ablation, underpinning the synergistic mechanisms of action of AF ablation and antiarrhythmic drugs. Atrial fibrillation ablation appears to improve left ventricular function in a subset of patients with AF and heart failure. Data on the prognostic effect of rhythm control therapy are heterogeneous without a clear signal for either benefit or harm. Rhythm control therapy has acceptable safety and improves quality of life in patients with symptomatic AF, including in elderly populations with stroke risk factors. There is a clinical need to better stratify patients for rhythm control therapy. Further studies are needed to determine whether rhythm control therapy, and particularly AF ablation, improves left ventricular function and reduces AF-related complications.

10.
Europace ; 21(11): 1670-1677, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504477

RESUMO

AIMS : To define the clinical characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes of a large cohort of patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) and normal 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with ventricular fibrillation as the presenting rhythm, normal baseline, and follow-up ECGs with no signs of cardiac channelopathy including early repolarization or atrioventricular conduction abnormalities, and without structural heart disease were included in a registry. A total of 245 patients (median age: 38 years; males 59%) were recruited from 25 centres. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted in 226 patients (92%), while 18 patients (8%) were treated with drug therapy only. Over a median follow-up of 63 months (interquartile range: 25-110 months), 12 patients died (5%); in four of them (1.6%) the lethal event was of cardiac origin. Patients treated with antiarrhythmic drugs only had a higher rate of cardiovascular death compared to patients who received an ICD (16% vs. 0.4%, P = 0.001). Fifty-two patients (21%) experienced an arrhythmic recurrence. Age ≤16 years at the time of the first ventricular arrhythmia was the only predictor of arrhythmic recurrence on multivariable analysis [hazard ratio (HR) 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18-0.92; P = 0.03]. CONCLUSION : Patients with IVF and persistently normal ECGs frequently have arrhythmic recurrences, but a good prognosis when treated with an ICD. Children are a category of IVF patients at higher risk of arrhythmic recurrences.

11.
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 129(9): 586-591, 2019 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389403

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A study by the European Society of Cardiology assessing international educational needs has identified educational and organizational barriers preventing the implementation of optimal therapy of atrial fibrillation (AF) across European countries. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate educational and organizational barriers in the implementation of guideline­recommended AF care that are specific to physicians and health-care system in Poland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An internet­based survey was conducted to assess education, skills, and confidence in managing patients with AF among European cardiologists, neurologists, and family physicians (FPs) from 6 countries. RESULTS: Out of 571 respondents, the Polish sample included 90 physicians (16%): 44 cardiologists (15%), 21 neurologists (16%), and 25 FPs (18%). Polish physicians generally reported skills and confidence similar to those presented by their foreign colleagues, but there was high uncertainty concerning skills and confidence in the identification and pathophysiological classification of AF. Also, FPs reported low confidence in applying CHA2DS2­VASc and HAS­BLED scores to clinical practice. The need for access to long­term heart rhythm monitoring including implantable loop recorders was highlighted. There was a general dissatisfaction with the cooperation among Polish physicians, which was significantly higher than in other countries. CONCLUSIONS: The number of substantial educational gaps among physicians from Poland and other European countries is low. Nonetheless, educational programs tailored for different specialist groups separately to improve competence are warranted. There is a clear need for improvement of communication among different specialists treating patients with AF in Poland.

12.
Europace ; 21(11): 1633-1638, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436835

RESUMO

AIMS: ENSURE-AF (NCT02072434) was the largest prospective randomized clinical trial of anticoagulation for cardioversion in atrial fibrillation (AF), which also provides the largest prospective dataset for transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) prior to cardioversion. This ancillary analysis investigated determinants of TOE-detected left atrium thrombi (LAT) in patients scheduled for electrical cardioversion (ECV). METHODS AND RESULTS: The ENSURE-AF multicentre PROBE evaluation trial compared edoxaban 60 mg once daily (QD) with enoxaparin/warfarin in 2199 subjects undergoing ECV of non-valvular AF. Patients were stratified by the use of TOE, anticoagulant experience, and selected edoxaban dose. Electrical cardioversion was cancelled or deferred when TOEdetected LAT. In total, 1183 subjects were stratified to the TOE arm and LAT was reported in 91 (8.2%). In univariate analysis, age ≥75 years (26.4% vs. 16.9%, P = 0.0308), lower weight (86.5 ± 15.0 vs. 90.7 ± 18.0 kg, P = 0.0309), lower creatinine clearance (80.1 ± 30.6 vs. 93.2 ± 33.9 mL/min, P = 0.0007), heart failure (59.3% vs. 43.0%, P = 0.0029), and diuretic treatment (53.9% vs. 40.1%, P = 0.0141) were more prevalent in the LAT group. Non-significant trends were seen for higher mean CHA2DS2-VASc score (3.0 ± 1.41 vs. 2.7 ± 1.48, P = 0.0571) and more prevalent anticoagulation use prior to enrolment (60.4% vs. 50.3%, P = 0.0795) in the LAT group. In logistic regression analysis, age (P = 0.0202) and heart failure (P = 0.0064) were independently associated with LAT. CONCLUSION: Elective ECV is commonly cancelled or deferred due to TOE-detected LAT in patients with non-valvular AF. Age ≥75 years and heart failure were associated with the presence of LAT.

13.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1673-1678, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previously, we showed that B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) measured in the donor was related to cardiac performance after cardiac transplantation. The present study assesses the value of 3 biomarkers in the selection of donor hearts in a larger cohort. METHODS: Blood samples were prospectively obtained in 105 brain-dead patients scheduled for heart donation. BNP, soluble suppressor of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2), and troponin of heart donors were correlated with hemodynamic parameters early after transplantation as well as with the mortality of the recipients. RESULTS: A significant inverse relationship was found between donor BNP measured at the time of donation and recipient cardiac index and cardiac output at day 13 post-transplantation (r = -0.31, P = .005, and r = -0.34, P = .0016, respectively). Logistic regression analysis-including BNP, ST2, and troponin-showed that donor BNP was a predictor of a poor cardiac index (< 2.2 L/min/m2) in the recipient (P = .04). A donor BNP > 132 pg/mL has a sensitivity of 56% (95% confidence interval 21-86) and a specificity of 86% (95% confidence interval 77-93) to predict poor cardiac performance in the recipient. When the donor BNP is ≤ 132 pg/mL, the risk of a poor cardiac function in the recipient is very low (negative predictive value 94%). Mortality at 30 days was also correlated to donor BNP (r = 0.29, P = .0029). Long-term survival of the recipient was not correlated to the biomarkers measured in the donor. CONCLUSION: Donor BNP, but not donor ST2 or high-sensitivity troponin, provides information on the donor heart and early post-transplant performance, including 1-month mortality.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica/sangue , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Transplante de Coração , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Débito Cardíaco , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplantes/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(9): e012008, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041880

RESUMO

Background Patients with a Fontan circulation achieve lower peak heart rates ( HR ) during exercise. Whether this impaired chronotropic response reflects pathology of the sinoatrial node or is a consequence of altered cardiac hemodynamics is uncertain. We evaluated the adequacy of HR acceleration throughout exercise relative to metabolic demand and cardiac output in patients with a Fontan circulation relative to healthy controls. Methods and Results Thirty subjects (20 healthy controls and 10 Fontan patients) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with simultaneous invasive pressure recording via a pulmonary and radial artery catheter during supine bicycle exercise to near maximal exertion. Adequacy of cardiac index, stroke volume, and HR reserve was assessed by determining the exercise-induced increase (∆) in cardiac index, stroke volume, and HR relative to the increase in oxygen consumption ( VO 2). HR reserve was lower in Fontan patients compared with controls (71±21 versus 92±15 bpm; P=0.001). In contrast, increases in HR relative to workload and VO 2 were higher than in controls. The change in cardiac index relative to the change in VO 2 (∆cardiac index/∆ VO 2) was similar between groups, but Fontan patients had increased ∆ HR /∆ VO 2 and reduced ∆ stroke volume/∆ VO 2 compared with controls. There was an early and marked reduction in stroke volume during exercise in Fontan patients corresponding with a plateau in cardiac output at a low peak HR . Conclusions In Fontan patients, the chronotropic response is appropriate relative to exercise intensity, implying normal sinoatrial function. However, premature reductions in ventricular filling and stroke volume cause an early plateau in cardiac output beyond which further increases in HR would be physiologically implausible. Thus, abnormal cardiac filling rather than sinoatrial node dysfunction explains the diminished HR reserve in Fontan patients.

16.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(8): 1367-1368, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077499

RESUMO

We present a remarkable maximal capacity exercise test of a 52-year-old patient diagnosed with Brugada syndrome (BrS). As the patient reaches a supranormal sinus heart rate, the type-1 electrocardiogram pattern of BrS appeared and then disappeared immediately after cessation of exercise.

17.
Eur Heart J ; 40(36): 3013-3021, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30976787

RESUMO

AIMS: Edoxaban is a direct factor Xa inhibitor approved for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). Uninterrupted edoxaban therapy in patients undergoing AF ablation has not been tested. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ELIMINATE-AF trial, a multinational, multicentre, randomized, open-label, parallel-group study, was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of once-daily edoxaban 60 mg (30 mg in patients indicated for dose reduction) vs. vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in AF patients undergoing catheter ablation. Patients were randomized 2:1 to edoxaban vs. VKA. The primary endpoint (per-protocol population) was time to first occurrence of all-cause death, stroke, or International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis-defined major bleeding during the period from the end of the ablation procedure to end of treatment (90 days). Overall, 632 patients were enrolled, 614 randomized, and 553 received study drug and underwent ablation; 177 subjects underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging to assess silent cerebral infarcts. The primary endpoint (only major bleeds occurred) was observed in 0.3% (1 patient) on edoxaban and 2.0% (2 patients) on VKA [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval): 0.16 (0.02-1.73)]. In the ablation population (modified intent-to-treat population including patients with ablation), the primary endpoint was observed in 2.7% of edoxaban (N = 10) and 1.7% of VKA patients (N = 3) between start of ablation and end of treatment. There were one ischaemic and one haemorrhagic stroke, both in patients on edoxaban. Cerebral microemboli were detected in 13.8% (16) patients who received edoxaban and 9.6% (5) patients in the VKA group (nominal P = 0.62). CONCLUSION: Uninterrupted edoxaban therapy represents an alternative to uninterrupted VKA treatment in patients undergoing AF ablation.

18.
Europace ; 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882141

RESUMO

Asymptomatic arrhythmias are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Although studies specifically dedicated to these asymptomatic arrhythmias are lacking, many arrhythmias still require proper diagnostic and prognostic evaluation and treatment to avoid severe consequences, such as stroke or systemic emboli, heart failure, or sudden cardiac death. The present document reviews the evidence, where available, and attempts to reach a consensus, where evidence is insufficient or conflicting.

19.
Europace ; 21(7): 993-994, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882143

RESUMO

Clinicians accept that there are many unknowns when we make diagnostic and therapeutic decisions. Acceptance of uncertainty is essential for the pursuit of the profession: bedside decisions must often be made on the basis of incomplete evidence. Over the years, physicians sometimes even do not realize anymore which the fundamental gaps in our knowledge are. As clinical scientists, however, we have to halt and consider what we do not know yet, and how we can move forward addressing those unknowns. The European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) believes that scanning the field of arrhythmia / cardiac electrophysiology to identify knowledge gaps which are not yet the subject of organized research, should be undertaken on a regular basis. Such a review (White Paper) should concentrate on research which is feasible, realistic, and clinically relevant, and should not deal with futuristic aspirations. It fits with the EHRA mission that these White Papers should be shared on a global basis in order to foster collaborative and needed research which will ultimately lead to better care for our patients. The present EHRA White Paper summarizes knowledge gaps in the management of atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia/sudden death and heart failure.

20.
Kardiol Pol ; 77(4): 437-444, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The Jessa Atrial Fibrillation Knowledge Questionnaire (JAKQ) was successfully used to assess knowledge gaps in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). AIMS To evaluate the regional differences among Polish patients in their awareness of AF diagnosis and oral anticoagulation use. METHODS A total of 1583 patients with AF at a median (IQR) age of 72 (66-79) years completed the JAKQ in 3 cardiology centers (center I, Kraków; center II, Torun; center III, Kielce) from January 2017 to June 2018. The final analysis included 1525 patients, 32.9% were on vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and 67.1% on non-VKA oral anticoagulants (NOACs), that is, rivaroxaban and dabigatran (28.9% each), and apixaban (9.3%). RESULTS The mean (SD) score on the JAKQ was 55.5% (18.4%) with better results among patients on VKAs compared with NOACs (58% [18.3%] vs 54.3% [18.4%]; P = 0.0002) with time from AF diagnosis more than 12 months (57.4% [17.5%] vs 50% [19.9%]; P <0.0001). There was a significant difference in the knowledge scores between the 3 centers (I, 59.5%; II, 48.5%; III, 54.3%; P <0.0001). In all centers the number of correct answers correlated inversely with patient's age (r = -0.20; P <0.0001). NOACs were more frequently used in center III. The percentage of correct responses was lower in patients on reduced NOAC doses (35.4% of patients on NOACs), compared with the full-dose NOAC groups in center I (56.9% vs 62.5%; P = 0.012) and II (48.1% vs 56.2%; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS Patients from a high-volume academic center showed better knowledge than their peers from district hospitals. There are large regional differences in prescription patterns of oral anticoagulants, including the preferred NOAC.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Conhecimento do Paciente sobre a Medicação , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hospitais de Distrito , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos e Questionários
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