Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 50
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Eur Heart J ; 41(4): 509-518, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120118

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of early transition from hospital to ambulatory treatment in low-risk acute PE, using the oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a prospective multicentre single-arm investigator initiated and academically sponsored management trial in patients with acute low-risk PE (EudraCT Identifier 2013-001657-28). Eligibility criteria included absence of (i) haemodynamic instability, (ii) right ventricular dysfunction or intracardiac thrombi, and (iii) serious comorbidities. Up to two nights of hospital stay were permitted. Rivaroxaban was given at the approved dose for PE for ≥3 months. The primary outcome was symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) or PE-related death within 3 months of enrolment. An interim analysis was planned after the first 525 patients, with prespecified early termination of the study if the null hypothesis could be rejected at the level of α = 0.004 (<6 primary outcome events). From May 2014 through June 2018, consecutive patients were enrolled in seven countries. Of the 525 patients included in the interim analysis, three (0.6%; one-sided upper 99.6% confidence interval 2.1%) suffered symptomatic non-fatal VTE recurrence, a number sufficiently low to fulfil the condition for early termination of the trial. Major bleeding occurred in 6 (1.2%) of the 519 patients comprising the safety population. There were two cancer-related deaths (0.4%). CONCLUSION: Early discharge and home treatment with rivaroxaban is effective and safe in carefully selected patients with acute low-risk PE. The results of the present trial support the selection of appropriate patients for ambulatory treatment of PE.

2.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 230, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a severe rheumatic disease of the interstitial tissue, in which heart and lung involvement can lead to disease-specific mortality. Our study tests the hypothesis that in addition to established prognostic factors, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters, particularly peak oxygen uptake (peakVO2) and ventilation/carbon dioxide (VE/VCO2)-slope, can predict survival in patients with SSc. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 210 patients (80.9% female) in 6 centres over 10 years with pulmonary testing and CPET. Survival was analysed with Cox regression analysis (adjusted for age and gender) by age, comorbidity (Charlson-Index), body weight, body-mass index, extensive interstitial lung disease, pulmonary artery pressure (measured by echocardiography and invasively), and haemodynamic, pulmonary and CPET parameters. RESULTS: Five- and ten-year survival of SSc patients was 93.8 and 86.9%, respectively. There was no difference in survival between patients with diffuse (dcSSc) and limited cutaneous manifestation (lcSSc; p = 0.3). Pulmonary and CPET parameters were significantly impaired. Prognosis was worst for patients with pulmonary hypertension (p = 0.007), 6-min walking distance < 413 m (p = 0.003), peakVO2 < 15.6 mL∙kg- 1∙min- 1, and VE/VCO2-slope > 35. Age (hazard ratio HR = 1.23; 95% confidence interval CI: 1.14;1.41), VE/VCO2-slope (HR = 0.9; CI 0.82;0.98), diffusion capacity (Krogh factor, HR = 0.92; CI 0.86;0.98), forced vital capacity (FVC, HR = 0.91; CI 0.86;0.96), and peakVO2 (HR = 0.87; CI 0.81;0.94) were significantly linked to survival in multivariate analyses (Harrell's C = 0.95). This is the first large study with SSc patients that demonstrates the prognostic value of peakVO2 < 15.6 mL∙kg- 1∙min- 1 (< 64.5% of predicted peakVO2) and VE/VCO2-slope > 35.

3.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 144(19): 1367-1372, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277079

RESUMO

The ESC/ERS guidelines (published at the end of 2015) and other international recommendations defined pulmonary hypertension (PH) by an invasively measured mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥ 25 mmHg at rest. At the 6th World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension in Nice a modification of this hemodynamic definition in the sense of lowering the threshold to > 20 mmHg was proposed. A pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) ≥ 3 Wood units (WU) is additionally required for the diagnosis of pre-capillary PH. This modification must be critically reviewed with regard to the underlying rationale and possible consequences. Therefore, a detailed explanation is required. In particular, it must be made clear that this change currently has no influence on the evidence-based and approval-compliant prescription of drugs for the targeted therapy of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

4.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 59, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) is profoundly impaired in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, data is limited regarding the course of QoL. We therefore analysed longitudinal data from the German INSIGHTS-IPF registry. METHODS: Clinical status and QoL were assessed at enrollment and subsequently at 6- to 12-months intervals. A range of different QoL questionnaires including the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) were used. RESULTS: Data from 424 patients were included; 76.9% male; mean age 68.7 ± 9.1 years, mean FVC% predicted 75.9 ± 19.4, mean DLCO% predicted 36.1 ± 15.9. QoL worsened significantly during follow-up with higher total SGRQ scores (increased by 1.47 per year; 95% CI: 1.17 to 1.76; p < 0.001) and higher UCSD-SOBQ scores and lower EQ-5D VAS and WHO-5 scores. An absolute decline in FVC% predicted of > 10% was associated with a significant deterioration in SGRQ (increasing by 9.08 units; 95% CI: 2.48 to 15.67; p = 0.007), while patients with stable or improved FVC had no significantly change in SGRQ. Patients with a > 10% decrease of DLCO % predicted also had a significant increase in SGRQ (+ 7.79 units; 95% CI: 0.85 to 14.73; p = 0.028), while SQRQ was almost stable in patients with stable or improved DLCO. Patients who died had a significant greater increase in SGRQ total scores (mean 11.8 ± 18.6) at their last follow-up visit prior to death compared to survivors (mean 4.2 ± 18.9; HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.04; p < 0.001). All QoL scores across the follow-up period were significantly worse in hospitalised patients compared to non-hospitalised patients, with the worst scores reported in those hospitalised for acute exacerbations. CONCLUSIONS: QoL assessments in the INSIGHTS-IPF registry demonstrate a close relationship between QoL and clinically meaningful changes in lung function, comorbidities, disease duration and clinical course of IPF, including hospitalisation and mortality.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais/tendências , Progressão da Doença , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
5.
Eur Respir J ; 52(5)2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30337446

RESUMO

Abbreviated versions of the risk stratification strategy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) pulmonary hypertension guidelines have been recently validated in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. We aimed to investigate their prognostic value in medically treated chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients from the COMPERA registry, which collects six variables of interest (World Health Organization Functional Class, 6-min walk distance, brain natriuretic peptide, right atrial pressure, cardiac index and mixed venous oxygen saturation).We included patients with at least one follow-up visit, no pulmonary endarterectomy and at least three of the six variables available, and classified the patients into low-, intermediate- and high-risk groups. As a secondary analysis, the number of noninvasive low-risk criteria was counted. The association between risk assessment and survival was evaluated.Data from inclusion and follow-up (median 7 months) visits were available for 561 and 231 patients, respectively. Baseline 1- and 5-year survival estimates were significantly different (p<0.0001) in the baseline low-risk (98.6% and 88.3%, respectively), intermediate-risk (94.9% and 61.8%, respectively) and high-risk (75.5% and 32.9%, respectively) cohorts. Follow-up data were even more discriminative, with 100%, 92% and 69% 1-year survival, respectively. The number of low-risk noninvasive criteria was also associated with survival.These analyses suggest that the ESC/ERS risk assessment may be applicable in patients with medically treated CTEPH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Sociedades Médicas , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Int J Cardiol ; 272S: 69-78, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30195840

RESUMO

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a subgroup of pulmonary hypertension that differs from all other forms of PH in terms of its pathophysiology, patient characteristics and treatment. For implementation of the European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension in Germany, the Cologne Consensus Conference 2016 was held and last updated in spring of 2018. One of the working groups was dedicated to CTEPH, practical and controversial issues were commented and updated. In every patient with suspected PH, CTEPH or chronic thromboembolic disease (CTED, i.e. symptomatic residual vasculopathy without pulmonary hypertension) should be excluded. Primary treatment is surgical pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in a multidisciplinary CTEPH centre. Inoperable patients or patients with persistent or recurrent CTEPH after PEA are candidates for targeted drug therapy. There is increasing experience with balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) for inoperable patients; this option, like PEA, is reserved for specialised centres with expertise in this treatment method.


Assuntos
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Angioplastia com Balão/normas , Doença Crônica , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia
7.
Int J Cardiol ; 272S: 11-19, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219257

RESUMO

In the summer of 2016, delegates from the German Society of Cardiology (DGK), the German Respiratory Society (DGP), and the German Society of Pediatric Cardiology (DGPK) met in Cologne, Germany, to define consensus-based practice recommendations for the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). These recommendations were built on the 2015 European Pulmonary Hypertension guidelines, aiming at their practical implementation, considering country-specific issues, and including new evidence, where available. To this end, a number of working groups was initiated, one of which was specifically dedicated to the definition, clinical classification and initial diagnosis of PH. While the European guidelines provide a detailed clinical classification and a structured approach for diagnostic testing, their application in routine care may be challenging, particularly given the changing phenotype of PH patients who are nowadays often elderly and may present with multiple potential causes of PH, as well as comorbid conditions. Specifically, the working group addresses the thoroughness of diagnostic testing, and the roles of echocardiography, exercise testing, and genetic testing in diagnosing PH. Furthermore, challenges in the diagnostic work-up of patients with various causes of PH including "PAH with comorbidities", CTEPH and coexisting conditions are highlighted, and a modified diagnostic algorithm is provided. The detailed results and recommendations of the working group on definition, clinical classification and initial diagnosis of PH, which were last updated in the spring of 2018, are summarized in this article.


Assuntos
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Hipertensão Pulmonar/classificação , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Teste de Esforço/normas , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia
8.
Int J Cardiol ; 272S: 63-68, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30131231

RESUMO

The 2015 European Guidelines on Pulmonary Hypertension did not only cover pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) but also some aspects of pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with chronic lung disease. The European Guidelines point out that the drugs currently used to treat patients with PAH (prostanoids, endothelin receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase­5 inhibitors, sGC stimulators) have not been sufficiently investigated in other forms of PH. Therefore, the European Guidelines do not recommend the use of these drugs in patients with chronic lung disease and PH. This recommendation, however, is not always in agreement with medical ethics as physicians sometimes feel inclined to treat other forms of PH which may affect quality of life and survival of these patients in a similar manner. To this end, it is crucial to consider the severity of both PH and the underlying lung disease. In June 2016, a Consensus Conference organized by the PH working groups of the German Society of Cardiology (DGK), the German Society of Respiratory Medicine (DGP) and the German Society of Paediatric Cardiology (DGPK) was held in Cologne, Germany, to discuss open and controversial issues surrounding the practical implementation of the European Guidelines. Several working groups were created, one of which was dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of PH in patients with chronic lung disease. The 2018 updated recommendations of this working group are summarized in the present paper.


Assuntos
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/terapia
10.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(12): 2425-2434, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29212130

RESUMO

Patients with intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) may, depending on the method and cut-off values used for definition, account for up to 60% of all patients with PE and have an 8% or higher risk of short-term adverse outcome. Although four non-vitamin K-dependent direct oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been approved for the treatment of venous thromboembolism, their safety and efficacy as well as the optimal anticoagulation regimen using these drugs have not been systematically investigated in intermediate-risk PE. Moreover, it remains unknown how many patients with intermediate-high-risk and intermediate-low-risk PE were included in most of the phase III NOAC trials. The ongoing Pulmonary Embolism International Thrombolysis 2 (PEITHO-2) study is a prospective, multicentre, multinational, single-arm trial investigating whether treatment of acute intermediate-risk PE with parenteral heparin anticoagulation over the first 72 hours, followed by the direct oral thrombin inhibitor dabigatran over 6 months, is effective and safe. The primary efficacy outcome is recurrent symptomatic venous thromboembolism or death related to PE within the first 6 months. The primary safety outcome is major bleeding as defined by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Secondary outcomes include all-cause mortality, the overall duration of hospital stay (index event and repeated hospitalizations) and the temporal pattern of recovery of right ventricular function over the 6-month follow-up period. By applying and evaluating a contemporary risk-tailored treatment strategy for acute PE, PEITHO-2 will implement the recommendations of current guidelines and contribute to their further evolution.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Recidiva , Padrões de Referência , Projetos de Pesquisa , Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Lung ; 195(6): 759-768, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28993877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) are life-threatening diseases with a high burden of symptoms. Although depression, anxiety, and reduced health related quality of life (HRQOL) have also been reported, a comparative analysis which explores these traits and their underlying factors was lacking. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of depression, anxiety, and health related QOL was conducted using a Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) as well as the SF-36 HRQOL questionnaire. Results from these tools were compared with haemodynamic and functional parameters in 70 PAH and 23 CTEPH outpatients from a German tertiary care center specializing in pulmonary hypertension. RESULTS: Although HRQOL was reduced in both cohorts of patients, individuals diagnosed with CTEPH scored lower in nearly all SF-36 parameters. Significance was noted in both "mental health" (p = 0.01) and "mental component summary score" (MCS) (p = 0.02). Depression was also more frequent in patients with CTEPH (56%) than in patients with PAH (30%), (p = 0.03). Overall, depression and anxiety correlated with most SF-36 scales in both PAH and CTEPH. In CTEPH, depression also correlated with the Borg Dyspnea Scale (r = 0.44, p = 0.01). These patients also had significantly lower pCO2 levels than the PAH cohort reflecting more severe ventilation/perfusion mismatch. All other haemodynamic and functional parameters did not differ across the groups. CONCLUSION: While both cohorts of patients suffer from a reduced HRQOL as well as depression and anxiety, decreases in mental health parameters are more pronounced in the CTEPH cohort. This suggests a strong effort to improve early detection, especially in dyspneic patients with classical risk factors for CTEPH and PAH and argues for mental illness interventions alongside routine clinical care provided to patients diagnosed with PAH or CTEPH.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dióxido de Carbono , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Parcial , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Respir Res ; 18(1): 139, 2017 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28709421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The INSIGHTS-IPF registry provides one of the largest data sets of clinical data and self-reported patient related outcomes including health related quality of life (QoL) on patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We aimed to describe associations of various QoL instruments between each other and with patient characteristics at baseline. METHODS: Six hundred twenty-three IPF patients with available QoL data (St George's Respiratory Questionnaire SGRQ, UCSD Shortness-of-Breath Questionnaire SoB, EuroQol visual analogue scale and index EQ-5D, Well-being Index WHO-5) were analysed. Mean age was 69.6 ± 8.7 years, 77% were males, mean disease duration 2.0 ± 3.3 years, FVC pred was 67.5 ± 17.8%, DLCO pred 35.6 ± 17%. RESULTS: Mean points were SGRQ total 48.3, UCSD SoB 47.8, EQ-5D VAS 66.8, and WHO-5 13.9. These instruments had a high or very high correlation (exception WHO-5 to EQ-5D VAS with moderate correlation). On bivariate analysis, QoL by SGRQ total was statistically significantly associated with clinical symptoms (NYHA; p < 0.001), number of comorbidities (p < 0.05), hospitalisation rate (p < 0.01) and disease severity (as measured by GAP score, CPI, FVC and 6-min walk test; p < 0.05 each). Multivariate analyses showed a significant association between QoL (by SGRQ total) and IPF duration, FVC, age, NYHA class and indication for long-term oxygen treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, IPF patients under real-life conditions have lower QoL compared to those in clinical studies. There is a meaningful relationship between QoL and various patient characteristics. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The INSIGHTS-IPF registry is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT01695408 ).


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Hospitalização , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espirometria , Fatores de Tempo , Capacidade Vital , Teste de Caminhada
13.
Pulm Circ ; 7(2): 505-513, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28597762

RESUMO

The BREELIB nebulizer was developed for iloprost to reduce inhalation times for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). This multicenter, randomized, unblinded, four-part study compared inhalation time, pharmacokinetics, and acute tolerability of iloprost 5 µg at mouthpiece delivered via BREELIB versus the standard I-Neb nebulizer in 27 patients with PAH. The primary safety outcome was the proportion of patients with a maximum increase in heart rate (HR) ≥ 25% and/or a maximum decrease in systolic blood pressure ≥ 20% within 30 min after inhalation. Other safety outcomes included systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure, HR, oxygen saturation, and adverse events (AEs). Median inhalation times were considerably shorter with BREELIB versus I-Neb (2.6 versus 10.9 min; n = 24). Maximum iloprost plasma concentration and systemic exposure (area under the plasma concentration-time curve) were 77% and 42% higher, respectively, with BREELIB versus I-Neb. Five patients experienced a maximum systolic blood pressure decrease ≥ 20%, four with BREELIB (one mildly and transiently symptomatic), and one with I-Neb; none required medical intervention. AEs reported during the study were consistent with the known safety profile of iloprost. The BREELIB nebulizer offers reduced inhalation time, good tolerability, and may improve iloprost aerosol therapy convenience and thus compliance for patients with PAH.

14.
Eur Respir Rev ; 26(143)2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28298387

RESUMO

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is the only potentially curable form of pulmonary hypertension. Rapid and accurate diagnosis is pivotal for successful treatment. Clinical signs and symptoms can be nonspecific and risk factors such as history of venous thromboembolism may not always be present. Echocardiography is the recommended first diagnostic step. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is a complementary tool that can help to identify patients with milder abnormalities and chronic thromboembolic disease, triggering the need for further investigation. Ventilation/perfusion (V'/Q') scintigraphy is the imaging methodology of choice to exclude CTEPH. Single photon emission computed tomography V'/Q' is gaining popularity over planar imaging. Assessment of pulmonary haemodynamics by right heart catheterisation is mandatory, although there is increasing interest in noninvasive haemodynamic evaluation. Despite the status of digital subtraction angiography as the gold standard, techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging are increasingly used for characterising the pulmonary vasculature and assessment of operability. Promising new tools include dual-energy CT, combination of rotational angiography and cone beam CT, and positron emission tomography. These innovative procedures not only minimise misdiagnosis, but also provide additional vascular information relevant to treatment planning. Further research is needed to determine how these modalities will fit into the diagnostic algorithm for CTEPH.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Teste de Esforço , Hemodinâmica , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Fatores de Risco
15.
Int J Cardiol ; 227: 727-733, 2017 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27816302

RESUMO

AIM: This study investigates the prevalence and prognostic impact of central and small airways obstruction (CAO and SAO) in patients with stable heart failure (HF). METHODS & RESULTS: Spirometry was performed in 585 outpatients (mean age 65±12years, 75% male) six months after hospitalisation for acute decompensation secondary to HF with ejection fraction <40%. We assessed forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and mid-expiratory flow (MEF) at 50% of FVC. CAO was defined by FEV1/FVC <0.7. SAO was defined by FEV1/FVC ≥0.7 plus MEF <60% of predicted value. CAO and SAO were excluded in 359 patients (61% of all). MEF <60% predicted was found in 226 patients (39% of all), among those 88 with CAO (15% of all) and 138 (24% of all) with SAO. During a twelve month follow-up, 42 patients (7.2%) died. Mortality rates of patients with CAO and SAO were comparable (12.5% and 10.9%, respectively, p=0.74), and both higher than in patients without airways obstruction (4.5%, both p<0.01). In univariable Cox regression analysis, both CAO and SAO were associated with 2-fold increased all-cause mortality risk (hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals]: 2.78 [1.33-6.19], p=0.007 and 2.51 [1.24-5.08], p=0.010, respectively). Adjustment for determinants of CAO and SAO, prognostic markers of heart failure and comorbidities attenuated the association of mortality with CAO but not with SAO. CONCLUSIONS: SAO is more common than CAO and indicates an increased mortality risk in HF. Thus, reduced MEF may be a feature of patients at risk and merits special attention in HF management.


Assuntos
Expiração/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização/tendências , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Espirometria/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Respiration ; 92(6): 362-370, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27784026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous treprostinil has dose-dependent beneficial effects in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, but adverse effects like infusion site pain can lead to treatment discontinuation. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate safety, tolerability and clinical effects of a rapid up-titration dosing regimen of subcutaneous treprostinil using proactive infusion site pain management. METHODS: Effects of rapid up-titration dosing regimen on tolerability and clinical parameters were evaluated in this 16-week, open-label multi-centre study. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with idiopathic or heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension on stable treatment with oral pulmonary arterial hypertension-approved drugs (90% on dual combination therapy) were included. Patients achieved a median treprostinil dosage of 35.7 ng/kg/min after 16 weeks. A good overall safety profile was demonstrated with 3 patients (8%) withdrawing due to infusion site pain, which occurred in 97% of patients. After 16 weeks, median 6-min walking distance, cardiac index, pulmonary vascular resistance, and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion improved. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid up-titration of subcutaneous treprostinil was well tolerated, achieving a clinically effective dose associated with improvement of exercise capacity and haemodynamics after 16 weeks. A rapid dose titration regimen and proactive infusion site pain management may improve the handling of this therapy and contribute to better treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Epoprostenol/análogos & derivados , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapêutico , Epoprostenol/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Infusões Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Resistência Vascular , Teste de Caminhada
17.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 42(4): 600-9, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577542

RESUMO

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequent cause of death and serious disability. The risk of PE-associated mortality and morbidity extends far beyond the acute phase of the disease. In earlier follow-up studies, as many as 30 % of the patients died during a follow-up period of up to 3 years, and up to 50 % of patients continued to complain of dyspnea and/or poor physical performance 6 months to 3 years after the index event. The most feared 'late sequela' of PE is chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), the true incidence of which remains obscure due to the large margin of error in the rates reported by mostly small, single-center studies. Moreover, the functional and hemodynamic changes corresponding to early, possibly reversible stages of CTEPH, have not been systematically investigated. The ongoing Follow-Up after acute pulmonary embolism (FOCUS) study will prospectively enroll and systematically follow, over a 2-year period and with a standardized comprehensive program of clinical, echocardiographic, functional and laboratory testing, a large multicenter prospective cohort of 1000 unselected patients (all-comers) with acute symptomatic PE. FOCUS will possess adequate power to provide answers to relevant remaining questions regarding the patients' long-term morbidity and mortality, and the temporal pattern of post-PE abnormalities. It will hopefully provide evidence for future guideline recommendations regarding the selection of patients for long-term follow-up after PE, the modalities which this follow-up should include, and the findings that should be interpreted as indicating progressive functional and hemodynamic post-PE impairment, or the development of CTEPH.


Assuntos
Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Doença Aguda , Assistência ao Convalescente , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Respiration ; 91(6): 503-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27327769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease (CTED) have persistent pulmonary vascular obstruction and exercise intolerance without pulmonary hypertension at rest and may benefit from pulmonary endarterectomy. However, up to now, CTED has been poorly characterized. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the exercise capacity and limiting factors in CTED. METHODS: We compared right heart catheterization and cardiopulmonary exercise test results of patients with CTED [mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) at rest <25 mm Hg, n = 10], chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH, n = 31) and a control group (n = 41) presenting with dyspnea but normal pulmonary vascular imaging and excluded pulmonary hypertension. RESULTS: Subjects with CTED show a reduced oxygen uptake [median 76/interquartile range (IQR) 22% pred.] and work rate (median 76/IQR 21 W). The work rate was significantly lower compared to control subjects (p = 0.04) but not significantly different from CTEPH patients (p = 0.66). Oxygen pulse and breathing reserve were normal. CTED subjects showed decreased end-tidal CO2 at anaerobic threshold (28.4/4.3 mm Hg), an elevated VE/VCO2 slope (42.5/23.5), breathing equivalents (EQO2 32.0/8.7, EQCO2 39.5/8.8), alveolar-capillary oxygen gradient (34.7/15.5 mm Hg) and capillary end-tidal carbon dioxide gradient (8.8/5.7 mm Hg) compared to control subjects (p < 0.001). The degree of limitation was similar to that in CTEPH. CONCLUSIONS: Despite an mPAP of <25 mm Hg, subjects with CTED show objective functional impairment and similar limitations to patients with CTEPH. Functional limitation is characterized by gas exchange disturbance and ineffective ventilation.


Assuntos
Tromboembolia/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Thromb Haemost ; 116(1): 191-7, 2016 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27010343

RESUMO

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially life-threatening acute cardiovascular syndrome. However, more than 95 % of patients are haemodynamically stable at presentation, and among them are patients at truly low risk who may qualify for immediate or early discharge. The Home Treatment of Pulmonary Embolism (HoT-PE) study is a prospective international multicentre single-arm phase 4 management (cohort) trial aiming to determine whether home treatment of acute low-risk PE with the oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban is feasible, effective, and safe. Patients with confirmed PE, who have no right ventricular dysfunction or free floating thrombi in the right atrium or ventricle, are eligible if they meet none of the exclusion criteria indicating haemodynamic instability, serious comorbidity or any condition mandating hospitalisation, or a familial/social environment unable to support home treatment. The first dose of rivaroxaban is given in hospital, and patients are discharged within 48 hours of presentation. Rivaroxaban is taken for at least three months. The primary outcome is symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism or PE-related death within three months of enrolment. Secondary outcomes include quality of life and patient satisfaction, and health care resource utilisation compared to existing data on standard-duration hospital treatment. HoT-PE is planned to analyse 1,050 enrolled patients, providing 80 % power to reject the null hypothesis that the recurrence rate of venous thromboembolism is >3 % with α≤0.05. If the hypothesis of HoT-PE is confirmed, early discharge and out-of-hospital treatment may become an attractive, potentially cost-saving option for a significant proportion of patients with acute PE.


Assuntos
Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Autoadministração
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA