Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 276
Filtrar
1.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034995

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Penile prosthesis is a durable and effective treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). Even as other treatment options for ED have been brought to market, penile prosthetic surgery remains a mainstay for urologists treating ED. No systematic study has yet summarized the global trends in penile prosthetic surgery. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies of trends in penile prosthetic surgery to determine global movements in implantation rates, malleable versus inflatable prosthetic surgery, inpatient versus outpatient implantation surgery, proportion of men with ED undergoing penile prosthetic surgery, and prosthetic cost. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov was performed for studies assessing trends in penile prosthetic surgeries and costs associated with penile prosthetic device and inclusive surgical costs. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Twenty-seven studies were identified during the systematic review, comprising 447,204 penile prosthetic surgeries reported from 1988 to 2019. A trend analysis demonstrates that rates of penile prosthetic surgery declined dramatically in the late 1980s and early 1990s, but have demonstrated modest growth since the mid-2000s. Outpatient inflatable penile prosthetic surgery has strongly trended upward. Costs of penile prosthetic device have matched the rate of inflation, but inclusive surgical cost has radically outpaced inflation. Growth has mainly been seen in the USA, with a more modest global growth. CONCLUSIONS: Penile prosthesis remains a viable option for the treatment of ED. Trends such as outpatient surgery and inflatable penile prosthesis placement may be driving the recent steady growth of penile prosthetic surgeries, but surging inclusive surgical cost may present a barrier for some patients without insurance coverage. PATIENT SUMMARY: Penile prostheses continue to be an important treatment for erectile dysfunction. While the volume of penile prosthetic surgeries dropped when phosphidiesterase-5 inhibitors became available, prosthetic surgery is becoming more patient centric, as seen by increases in inflatable prosthetic placement and outpatient surgery.

2.
J Sex Med ; 18(3): 467-473, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) after pelvic fracture (PFx) has garnered little attention in the urology literature. AIM: To review and summarize the current evidence regarding female PFx-related sexual function. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with PRISMA guidelines, including PubMed, EMBASE, and MEDLINE. We included only English-language manuscripts and abstracts with sufficient data for inclusion. We used the search terms "female sexual dysfunction AND pelvic fracture," "sexual dysfunction AND pelvic fracture," and "female pelvic fracture AND sexual dysfunction." A total of 177 articles were identified; 41 abstracts were reviewed; of which, 19 manuscripts were reviewed. Fifteen met inclusion criteria for analysis. OUTCOMES: The main outcome measures of this study are rates and types of female sexual dysfunction after pelvic fracture. RESULTS: FSD is prevalent after PFx, with reported rates between 25% and 62%. Three studies used the validated Female Sexual Function Index. The other 12 used non-validated questionnaires or adapted quality-of-life questionnaires with specific questions regarding FSD. The most common complaints include difficulty with intercourse, dyspareunia, orgasmic dysfunction, genitourinary pain, decreased interest in intercourse, decreased satisfaction with intercourse, and pelvic floor dysfunction. Only 1 study addressed resolution of dysfunction (30 of 98 patients [30.4%]). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: FSD is prevalent and an under-recognized sequela of pelvic fracture. This requires future prospective study to better characterize sexual dysfunction and identify effective treatments in trauma survivors. STRENGTH AND LIMITATIONS: To Increase awareness of FSD after pelvic trauma and the impact on the quality of life in trauma survivors. The current literature is limited by a lack of standardized assessment of FSD, limited follow-up, and minimal discussion of treatment options, in addition to the inherent bias of retrospective studies. CONCLUSIONS: FSD after traumatic PFx is not uncommon, occurs mostly in young women, and can be morbid. FSD after PFx is underreported in the urology literature. Thus, all female PFx patients should be screened for FSD by validated questionnaires. The published literature offers little knowledge as to the epidemiology, evaluation, definition, and potential treatments of FSD after PFx. Prospective studies are needed to better understand female sexual function in trauma survivors and the potential methods for prevention and rehabilitation, all within the context of a multidisciplinary approach. Walton AB, Leinwand GZ, Raheem O, et al. Female Sexual Dysfunction After Pelvic Fracture: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature. J Sex Med 2021;18:467-473.


Assuntos
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(2): 6, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420664

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To analyze the literature on current conservative treatment options for Peyronie's disease (PD). RECENT FINDINGS: Conservative therapy with intralesional collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is safe and efficacious in either the acute or chronic phases of PD. Combination treatment with penile traction therapy (PTT) can produce even better results. While most PTT devices require extended periods of therapy up to 8 h per day, the RestoreX® device can be effective at 30-90 min per day. A variety of conservative therapies are available for treatment of PD. The available literature does not reveal any treatment benefit of oral therapies. Intralesional therapy is the mainstay conservative treatment of PD. Intralesional CCH therapy is the first Food and Drug Administration-approved intralesional therapy and represents the authors' preference for medical therapy. The most effective conservative management of PD likely requires a combination of therapies.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador , Colagenase Microbiana/administração & dosagem , Induração Peniana/terapia , Agentes Urológicos/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Doença Crônica , Terapia Combinada , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Colagenase Microbiana/uso terapêutico , Induração Peniana/tratamento farmacológico , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Tração/métodos , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapêutico
5.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(2): 13, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471204

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current literature on acute management of traumatic penile fracture, with a specific discussion of those injuries following collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injections for the treatment of Peyronie's disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The immediate repair of traumatic penile fracture injury is associated with significantly better prognosis for long-term sexual health. Corporal disruption following CCH administration has several distinct features, and the trend is to manage these patients conservatively in the absence of urethral injury. Traumatic penile fracture repair continues to have excellent results when performed immediately following injury. The post-CCH treatment setting portends increased difficulty during surgical management and can be successfully managed in most cases by conservative measures.


Assuntos
Colagenase Microbiana/administração & dosagem , Induração Peniana/tratamento farmacológico , Pênis/lesões , Agentes Urológicos/administração & dosagem , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Colagenase Microbiana/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Pênis/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Doenças do Pênis/terapia , Induração Peniana/complicações , Pênis/cirurgia , Ruptura/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapêutico
6.
J Sex Med ; 17(11): 2229-2235, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postorgasmic illness syndrome (POIS) is a rare syndrome of unknown etiology where patients experience distressing physical and psychological after ejaculatory sequelae. AIM: To better characterize the epidemiology, symptomatology, disease course, and treatment of POIS, with specific interest placed on examining relationships between disease presentation and measures of disease burden. METHODS: A 30-item questionnaire was distributed to an online community of patients with POIS from June 2019 to January 2020. We assessed diagnostic criteria and clusters of symptomatology described in prior studies. Outcome measures include self-reported measures of symptom severity, disease burden, and behavioral changes. Statistical correlations were assessed with Pearson's chi-squared (χ2) and ordinal regression analyses. OUTCOMES: The main outcome measures of this study are self-reported measures of symptom severity, disease burden, and behavioral changes. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 302 men (mean age: 32.6 ± 11.4 years, mean age of onset: 19.1 ± 7.8 years) with 89% satisfying ≥3 diagnostic criteria. Common symptoms were difficulty concentrating (254, 84%), extreme fatigue (250, 83%), irritability (225, 74%), and muscle weakness (212, 70%). Common symptom clusters were general (219, 72%), muscle (137, 45%), and head (93, 31%). Common behavioral modifications were avoiding masturbation (215, 71%), schedule changes (213, 71%), and abstinence (186, 62%). Head and throat symptom clusters demonstrated worse disease burden outcomes. Professional medical advice was sought by 51% of participants. Attempted treatments included pharmacotherapy, vitamins, supplements, and herbs with variable efficacy. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: This study further characterizes POIS, including how patients respond to the condition, how it is treated in the community, and presentations that may be associated with more severe disease. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This is the largest study to date that concerns patients suffering from POIS and includes a diverse, global population. Limitations include that the survey was only administered in English and within 1 online community, that results were self-reported, and that the response rate was low (32%). CONCLUSIONS: Characterizing symptom cluster, but not number of diagnostic criteria, may offer prognostic value, and investigation to elucidate pathophysiology and potential treatments for POIS is necessary. Natale C, Gabrielson A, Tue Nguyen HM, et al. Analysis of the Symptomatology, Disease Course, and Treatment of Postorgasmic Illness Syndrome in a Large Sample. J Sex Med 2020;17:2229-2235.

7.
Urology ; 145: 147-151, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study, in a multi-institutional setting, the efficacy/safety outcomes in acute phase Peyronie's disease (PD) of multiple high-volume centers employing CCH to treat PD, which is defined as the abnormal formation of fibrous plaque(s) in the tunica albuginea of the penis. It is a chronic condition that afflicts 3%-13% of the US male population. There is no current multi-institutional research on the efficacy and safety of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) in the treatment of acute phase PD. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected for consecutive patients with PD who underwent treatment with CCH between April 2014 and March 2018 at 5 institutions. 918 patients were included. Patients with duration of PD no longer than 6 months at presentation qualified as being in the acute phase of PD. Main outcomes of interest include the change in curvature after receiving CCH therapy, and frequency of serious treatment-related adverse events. Successful improvement in curvature is defined as an at least 20% decrease in penile curvature from baseline after CCH therapy. RESULTS: A total of 918 patients were included in the analysis, of which 134 (14.6%) qualified as acute phase PD (group 1) and the remaining 784 (85.4%) qualified as stable phase (group 2). Mean duration of PD was 4.44 ± 1.68 months for group 1, and 40.8 ± 61.2 months for group 2. There was no significant difference in final change in curvature between acute and stable phase of PD (13.5° vs 15.6°, P = .09). There was no statistically significant difference in frequency of treatment-related adverse events between the acute phase (16 patients, 11.9%) and the stable phase (77 patients, 9.8%; P = .44). In our multivariate analysis, only number of CCH cycles received was predictive of improvement of curvature. CONCLUSION: This large multi-institutional analysis confirms that CCH therapy is as safe and efficacious in acute phase PD as it is in stable phase PD.

8.
Sex Med Rev ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768358

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), a glycated form of hemoglobin, develops when glucose is elevated in the blood. It is used as a marker of how well a diabetic patient has been controlling their blood sugar over the previous 3-4 months. Some use HbA1c as a predictor of infection risk during prosthetic surgery, and many surgeons require patients to lower it preoperatively. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to comprehensively review the literature relating HbA1c and penile prosthesis (PP). METHODS: A PubMed search of English-language articles identified studies that investigate the relationship between HbA1c levels and PP infection. Studies were only included if they reported the mean HbA1c of all PP patients and compared patients who did/did not develop a prosthetic infection. References from relevant articles are included. RESULTS: A total of 6 studies, 1992-2020, were identified. 2 studies occurred before the advent of antibiotic-enhanced devices in the early 2000s and have limited applicability to the modern era. Of the 4 studies published after, 2 reported a significant difference in mean HbA1c when comparing patients who developed a prosthetic infection and those who did not (9.1% vs 7.5%, P = .000 and 9.5% vs 7.8%, P < .001). The other 2 studies reported no significant difference in mean HbA1c when comparing patients who developed a prosthetic infection and those who did not (7.0% vs 7.6%, P > .05; and 7.6% vs 7.5%, P = .598). CONCLUSION: Current data regarding HbA1c as a predictor of PP infection are inconclusive, with no consensus. HbA1c is increasingly used as a predictor of postsurgical prosthetic infection, with some urologists requiring patients with elevated HbA1c to acutely lower it before elective surgery. While there are a number of established health benefits of controlling elevated blood sugar, larger randomized controlled trials need to validate whether acutely lowering perioperative HbA1c decreases risk of prosthetic infection. Dick B, Yousif A, Raheem O, et al. Does Lowering Hemoglobin A1c Reduce Penile Prosthesis Infection: A Systematic Review. Sex Med Rev 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

9.
Andrology ; 8(6): 1824-1833, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Testosterone (T) deficiency is associated with erectile dysfunction (ED). The relaxant response of T on the corporal smooth muscle through a non-genomic pathway has been reported; however, the in vitro modulating effects of T on human corpus cavernosum (HCC) have not been studied. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of various concentrations of T on nitric oxide (NO)-dependent and nitric oxide-independent relaxation in organ bath studies and elucidate its mode of action, specifically targeting the cavernous NO/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human corpus cavernosum (HCC) samples were obtained from men undergoing penile prosthesis implantation (n = 9). After phenylephrine (Phe) precontraction, the effects of various relaxant drugs of HCC strips were performed using organ bath at low (150 ng/dL), eugonadal (400 ng/dL), and hypergonadal (600 ng/dL) T concentrations. The penile tissue measurements of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), neuronal (n)NOS, and phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) were evaluated via immunostaining, Western blot, cGMP and nitrite/nitrate (NOx) assays. RESULTS: Relaxation responses to ACh and EFS in isolated HCC strips were significantly increased at all T levels compared with untreated tissues. The sildenafil-induced relaxant response was significantly increased at both eugonadal and hypergonadal T levels. Normal and high levels of T are accompanied by increased eNOS, nNOS, cGMP, and NOx levels, along with reduced PDE5 protein expression. CONCLUSION: This study reveals an important role of short-term and modulatory effects of different concentrations of T in HCC. T positively regulates functional activities, inhibition of PDE5 expression, and formation of cGMP and NOx in HCC. These results demonstrate that T indirectly contributes to HCC relaxation via downstream effects on nNOS, eNOS, and cGMP and by inhibiting PDE5. This action provides a rationale for normalizing T levels in hypogonadal men with ED, especially when PDE5 inhibitors are ineffective. T replacement therapy may improve erectile function by modulating endothelial function in hypogonadal men.

10.
Sex Med Rev ; 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is an increased prevalence of erectile dysfunction in patients with solid organ transplant (SOT) compared with the general population. Many of these patients may become refractory to medical treatment of erectile dysfunction and penile prosthesis (PP) is often recommended. Concerns regarding the safety of PP in patients with SOT are due to their immunosuppressed state. OBJECTIVE: We aim to review all current literature on the outcomes of patients with SOT who have received PP. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to identify articles pertaining to the outcomes of PP in patients with SOT. RESULTS: We identified and included 14 studies that report on outcomes of PP placement in 143 patients with SOT and 191 non-SOT controls from interval period from 1979 to 2019. Studies included retrospective cohort studies, case series, and case reports. Compared with non-SOT controls who had PP, aggregate analysis demonstrated that patients with SOT who had PP did not develop significantly increased overall complications. However, they were significantly more likely to experience future surgical complications. CONCLUSION: Our aggregate analysis demonstrated that patients with SOT are not at a significantly increased risk of overall complications when receiving a PP. Nevertheless, there is an increased risk of experiencing PP injury during subsequent surgeries, which may be mitigated by the earlier involvement of a urologist. Given the lack of recent data, large studies are prerequisite to further evaluate the safety and overall outcome of PP surgery in patients with SOT. Dick B, Greenberg JW, Polchert M, et al. A Systematic Review of Penile Prosthesis Surgery in Organ Transplant Recipients. Sex Med Rev 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

11.
Sex Med Rev ; 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641225

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is a recognized therapeutic agent of modern medical care, routinely used to treat medical conditions affecting a variety of organ systems including the musculoskeletal, integumentary, and urological domains. Ongoing research is exploring BoNT's potential role as a therapeutic agent for a variety of male sexual pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To review and analyze the literature regarding BoNT as a treatment option for male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed for English-language articles in peer-reviewed journals between 1970 and 2019 (with one article from 1897). Relevant articles referenced within these texts were also included. One article did not have an accompanied English full-text available. The following search terms were used: "Botox", "Botulinum toxin", "Botulinum toxin A", "Onabotulinum A", "Abobutlinum A", "BoNT", "BoNT-A", "Male sexual health", "Male sexual pathology", "Peyronie's disease", "Premature ejaculation", "Scrotal Pain", "Penile Retraction", "Scrotox", "Erectile Dysfunction", and "Botox in Urology". RESULTS: There is interest in the potential role of BoNT in the treatment of male sexual pathologies. We identified studies that used BoNT to treat chronic scrotal content pain, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, Peyronie's disease, penile retraction, and more. However, despite preclinical/clinical data indicating some potential efficacy and safety in these settings, a lack of robust clinical trial data has resulted in no current Food and Drug Administration-approved indications for the use of BoNT in the treatment of male sexual pathology. As a result, much of the current use of BoNT by today's providers is "off-label," and ongoing clinical trials aim to further elucidate the potential role of this therapeutic agent. CONCLUSION: Current data suggest that BoNT could have a potential role as a treatment option for certain types of male sexual pathologies. However, more randomized controlled trial data regarding its long-term safety and efficacy are necessary before a widespread clinical adoption can take place. Reddy AG, Dick BP, Natale C, et al. Application of Botulinum Neurotoxin in Male Sexual Dysfunction: Where Are We Now?. J Sex Med 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

12.
Sex Med Rev ; 2020 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32238326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The past 2 decades have witnessed an increased amount of research into botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) as a treatment for various forms of sexual dysfunction and pain syndromes refractory to other medical therapy. BoNT is postulated to reduce pain sensation by inhibiting neuropeptide release in the presynaptic neuron. Dyspareunia, vaginismus, vestibulodynia, and persistent genital arousal disorder are female sexual dysfunctions with cryptic pathophysiology and limited treatment options. BoNT has emerged as a potential treatment for many of these afflictions in women. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature regarding BoNT as a treatment for female sexual and genitourinary dysfunction. METHODS: A PubMed search for English-language articles was performed using the following terms: "Botox," "botulinum toxin," "botulinum toxin A," "Onabotulinum A," "Abobutlinum A," "BoNT," and "BoNT-A." The main outcomes measured by each study were resolution of dysfunction. This entailed reduction of pain with intercourse for dyspareunia, reduction of pain for vestibulodynia, decreased arousal for persistent genital arousal disorder, and ability to tolerate penetration for vaginismus. RESULTS: A total of 12 human studies that evaluated BoNT as a treatment for female sexual disorders were included. Study types included prospective, retrospective, cohort, pilot, and open-label. CONCLUSION: There is growing evidence suggesting that BoNT is a safe and efficacious treatment option for female patients suffering from various sexual and genitourinary disorders. However, more research is needed to develop a better understanding of the mechanisms through which BoNT treats these disorders. Dick B, Natale C, Reddy A, et al. Application of Botulinum Neurotoxin in Female Sexual and Genitourinary Dysfunction: A Review of Current Practices. Sex Med 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

13.
Sex Med Rev ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199788

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is an injectable agent used to treat Peyronie's disease (PD) by enzymatically degrading the interstitial collagen in plaques. CCH has been administered via multiple treatment protocols, in combination therapies, to patients with varying curvatures and in both the acute and stable phases of this condition. OBJECTIVES: To review the current literature and provide an update on CCH as an injectable therapy for PD, as a singular therapy or in conjunction with combination therapies, and its associated complications. We provide a brief background of PD treatments, evaluate CCH efficacy in penile curvature reduction and subjective improvement in a variety of protocols, and compare combination therapies (penile traction, sildenafil), plaque location, and efficacy in both acute and stable diseases. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the existing PubMed literature pertaining to CCH injection therapy in the treatment of PD and compared the effectiveness to different treatment modalities. RESULTS: CCH is a safe and effective injectable agent for all curvature directions in both acute and stable PD. It can be used in conjunction with multiple penile modeling techniques, in combination with sildenafil, and following a shortened administration protocol. Moderate to severe treatment-related adverse events occur at a rate of 9% and are typically managed conservatively. CONCLUSION: Intralesional injections of CCH are FDA approved as a nonsurgical treatment for men with PD. The IMPRESS trials were instrumental in demonstrating the efficacy and safety of CCH and provided a standard protocol for administration. Additional studies are required to optimize treatment protocols and use in combination therapies. Further investigation of patients with ventral curvatures, hourglass deformities, and those in acute phase is needed. Natale C, McLellan D, Yousif A, et al. Review of Intralesional Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Injection Therapy and Related Combination Therapies in the Treatment of Peyronie's Disease (an Update). Sex Med 2020;XX:XXX-XXX.

14.
Sex Med Rev ; 8(3): 443-449, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatments for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) include behavioral modifications, pelvic floor strengthening exercises, bulking agents, and surgical management. The most common surgical therapies for male stress incontinence include male slings and artificial urinary sphincters. Complications of these treatments are discussed in this review. AIM: To review the current literature on SUI diagnosis and the management of common complications that occur after surgical treatments of male SUI. METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed and Ovid to identify leading articles on the management of male SUI and the diagnosis and management of operative complications for male incontinence surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Main outcomes measured were complications and management strategies for operative complications after surgical therapies for male SUI. RESULTS: 26 publications were cited after an extensive review of the current literature on surgical treatment of male SUI. Commonly cited issues included infection, erosion, and recurrent incontinence after implantation of male slings and artificial urinary sphincters. CONCLUSION: Complications are inherent to any surgery; a thorough understanding of complications and treatment strategies after surgery for male SUI is essential for the practicing clinical urologist. Shelton TM, Brimley S, Tsambarlis P, Hellstrom WJG. Current Perspectives on Complications of Surgical Treatments for Male Stress Urinary Incontinence. Sex Med Rev 2020;8:443-449.

15.
Sex Med Rev ; 8(2): 355-363, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526635

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Retained reservoirs can be a complex problem for clinicians who manage patients with inflatable penile prostheses (IPPs). Although the general safety of retained reservoirs is well documented, data on the long-term outcomes of these foreign bodies is scarce. In recent years, complications associated with retained reservoirs and the subsequent management of these cases have become more recognized. AIM: To review, analyze, and summarize the concept of retained reservoirs and their associated complications with retained reservoirs and to provide a guide for management of complicated retained reservoir patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the PubMed database on retained reservoir-related complications and perioperative management. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We reviewed all publications that detailed complications associated specifically with retained penile prosthesis reservoirs and analyzed perioperative strategies used by providers. Any publication outlining IPP reservoir-related complication(s) stemming from a reservoir that was part of a functioning IPP was excluded. RESULTS: Although the risk is low, serious complications can and do arise from retained reservoirs. To properly manage these patients, clinicians must have knowledge of the prosthetic history and maintain a low threshold for obtaining cross-sectional imaging. By using methodical perioperative planning, the need for reintervention in patients with complications can be reduced, and improved surgical outcomes can be achieved. CONCLUSIONS: The management of retained reservoirs and their complications can be a clinical challenge for prosthetics providers. As such, more data regarding long-term outcomes and management strategies of retained reservoirs are required to better serve this subset of patients with prostheses. Reddy AG, Tsambarlis PN, Akula KP, et al. Retained Reservoirs of Inflatable Penile Prosthesis: A Systematic Review of Literature. Sex Med Rev 2020;8:355-363.

16.
Int J Impot Res ; 32(1): 122-125, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31024114

RESUMO

Explantation of an inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) reservoir in the setting of acute infection can be challenging. We identified three such cases of infection and simultaneous extraction of multiple reservoirs among patients with the most recent prosthetic surgeries performed between March 2016 and November 2018. These cases were reviewed with particular emphasis on preoperative and operative management. All three patients underwent successful simultaneous explantation of all retained hardware with subsequent clinical improvement in their clinical status. Prior to surgery, none of the patients were aware of the presence of more than one reservoir. All three patients recovered well post operatively. A subset of prosthetics patients have undergone multiple implant procedures at various sites. Due to the importance of retrieving all foreign material in the setting of acute infection, the authors advocate for a low threshold to obtain cross-sectional imaging to identify the tissue plane and laterality of any retained components, with particular emphasis on creating an operative plan for reservoir retrieval.


Assuntos
Remoção de Dispositivo , Implante Peniano/métodos , Prótese de Pênis/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/etiologia
17.
Curr Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(4): 308-320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456525

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization, more than 150 million people are diabetic, and this number will increase twofold by the year 2025. Diabetes-related complications affect all body organ systems, including the penis. Diabetes-induced Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is caused by neuropathy of the penile nerves and vasculopathy involving the smooth muscle and endothelium of the corpus cavernosum. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to present an overview of Stem Cell (SC) research in diabetic animal models of ED, focusing on the function, signaling, and niches that have a prominent role in the regeneration of cavernosal cells and penile tissues. We highlight common erectile pathologies caused by diabetes and review relevant preclinical trials. We also discuss paracrine mechanisms of various SC therapies involved in the repair of endothelial cells and cavernous nerves in these diabetic models. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed, with dates ranging from inception until Mar 31, 2019. RESULTS: This review provides a comprehensive evaluation of the various strategies that have been investigated for improving SC delivery methods, through preclinical literature and published clinical trials regarding ED in men with diabetes. Various cell-type applications have benefited erectile function in diabetic models of ED. CONCLUSION: This review examines the progress and remaining challenges in diabetes-related SC research regarding ED. Moving forward, it is only with a combined effort of basic biology and translational work that the potential of SC-based therapies in diabetes in ED can be realized.

18.
Aging Male ; : 1-10, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741421

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of the If channel inhibitor, ivabradine on human corpus cavernosum (HCC) smooth muscle tone.Methods: HCC samples were obtained from erectile dysfunction(ED) patients (n = 12) undergoing penile prosthesis surgery. Concentration-response curves for ivabradine were exposed to various inhibitory and stimulatory agents. The relaxant and contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS, 10 Hz and 80 Hz) were examined in the presence or absence of ivabradine (10 µM). HCN3 and HCN4 channel expression and localization were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses of HCC tissues.Results: Increasing ivabradine concentrations dependently reduced the maximal contractile responses of isolated HCC strips induced by KCl (59.5 ± 2.5%) and phenylephrine (84.0 ± 9.8%), which was not affected by nitric oxide synthase and soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitors after phenylephrine-induced contraction. Nifedipine and tetraethylammonium inhibited the maximum relaxation to ivabradine by 75% and 39.3%, respectively. Fasudil and sildenafil increased the relaxation response to ivabradine without altering the maximum response. Pre-incubation with ivabradine significantly increased relaxant responses to EFS (p < 0.01) and reduced the contractile tension evoked by EFS (72.3%) (p < 0.001). Ivabradine incubation did not affect the expression and localization of HCN3 and HCN4 channels in the HCC smooth muscle cells.Conclusions: Ivabradine exhibits a relaxant effect on HCC tissues, which is likely to be attributed to the blocking of L-type Ca2+ channels and the opening of K+ channels, independent of changes in the activation of the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate system. Inhibition of HCN channels localized in cavernosal smooth muscle cells may offer pharmacological benefits for patients with cardiovascular risk factors.

19.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 5(1): 38, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147553

RESUMO

The hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis is of relevance in many processes related to the development, maturation and ageing of the male. Through this axis, a cascade of coordinated activities is carried out leading to sustained testicular endocrine function, with gonadal testosterone production, as well as exocrine function, with spermatogenesis. Conditions impairing the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis during paediatric or pubertal life may result in delayed puberty. Late-onset hypogonadism is a clinical condition in the ageing male combining low concentrations of circulating testosterone and specific symptoms associated with impaired hormone production. Testosterone therapy for congenital forms of hypogonadism must be lifelong, whereas testosterone treatment of late-onset hypogonadism remains a matter of debate because of unclear indications for replacement, uncertain efficacy and potential risks. This Primer focuses on a reappraisal of the physiological role of testosterone, with emphasis on the critical interpretation of the hypogonadal conditions throughout the lifespan of the male individual, with the exception of hypogonadal states resulting from congenital disorders of sex development.


Assuntos
Hipogonadismo/diagnóstico , Hipogonadismo/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Testosterona/análise , Testosterona/sangue
20.
J Sex Med ; 16(3): 383-393, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented improvement in erectile function after bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) in rats with the use of pioglitazone. Our group determined this improvement to be mediated by the insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) pathway. AIM: To eliminate the systemic effects of pioglitazone and evaluate the local delivery of IGF-1 by polymeric microspheres after BCNI in the rat. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 10-12 weeks were assigned at random to 3 groups: sham operation with phosphate buffered saline (PBS)-loaded microspheres (sham group), crush injury with PBS-loaded microspheres (crush group), and crush injury with IGF-1-loaded microspheres (IGF-1 group). Poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid microspheres were injected underneath the major pelvic ganglion (MPG). IGF-1 was released at approximately 30 ng/mL/day per MPG per rat. OUTCOMES: Functional results were demonstrated by maximal intracavernosal pressure (ICP) normalized to mean arterial pressure (MAP). Protein-level analysis data of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) were obtained using Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry for both the cavernosal tissue and the MPG and cavernous nerve (CN). RESULTS: At 2 weeks after nerve injury, animals treated with IGF-1 demonstrated improved erectile functional recovery (ICP/MAP) at all voltages compared with BCNI (2.5V, P = .001; 5V, P < .001; 7.5V, P < .001). Western blot results revealed that up-regulation of the IGF-1R and ERK-1/2 in both the nervous and erectile tissue was associated with improved erectile function recovery. There were no significant between-group differences in nNOS protein levels in cavernosal tissue, but there was an up-regulation of nNOS in the MPG and CN. Immunohistochemistry confirmed these trends. CLINICAL TRANSLATION: Local up-regulation of the IGF-1R in the neurovascular bed at the time of nerve injury may help men preserve erectile function after pelvic surgery, such as radical prostatectomy, eliminating the need for systemic therapy. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This study demonstrates that local drug delivery to the MPG and CN can affect the CN tissue downstream, but did not investigate the potential effects of up-regulation of the growth factor receptors on prostate cancer tissue. CONCLUSION: Stimulating the IGF-1R at the level of the CN has the potential to mitigate erectile dysfunction in men after radical prostatectomy, but further research is needed to evaluate the safety of this growth factor in the setting of prostate cancer. Haney NM, Talwar S, Akula PK, et al. Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1-Loaded Polymeric Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic) Acid Microspheres Improved Erectile Function in a Rat Model of Bilateral Cavernous Nerve Injury. J Sex Med 2019;16:383-393.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/administração & dosagem , Ereção Peniana/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Disfunção Erétil/fisiopatologia , Plexo Hipogástrico/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Masculino , Microesferas , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Pênis/fisiopatologia , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Traumatismos do Sistema Nervoso/tratamento farmacológico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...