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Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(18)2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823590


BACKGROUND: In 1952, Norwegian surgeon Roar Strøm (1903-58) published the medical history of a 32-year-old man with recurrent peptic ulcer disease and a pancreatic tumour. Three years later, two American surgeons described a similar condition and, only the following year, the condition was named after them: Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Strøm's contribution has gone remarkably unrecognised. This article aims to highlight his professional achievements. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We searched archives and reference databases for information on Roar Strøm. RESULTS: Roar Strøm grew up in Oslo, where he graduated with a medical degree in 1926, at just 23 years of age. Strøm pursued a focused career in surgery: specialist in surgery in 1935, medical doctorate in 1942, and senior consultant in surgery at Rogaland Hospital in Stavanger over the period 1945-1956. While in Stavanger, he published the extensive case history in Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica. The patient had a multi-year medical history of peptic ulcers, for which he had undergone surgery twice previously before being operated on by Strøm in the spring of 1951. The man died two years after the last operation. INTERPRETATION: Neither Strøm nor Zollinger and Ellison were the first to identify this clinical condition as a new disease entity. But Strøm's article was an important contribution to the early literature on the syndrome.

Cirurgiões , Síndrome de Zollinger-Ellison , Adulto , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega , Adulto Jovem , Síndrome de Zollinger-Ellison/história
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(17)2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746174
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(10)2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238669


BACKGROUND: Ragnhild Vogt Hauge (1890-1987) was Norway's first woman psychiatrist, but has today been almost forgotten. In this article we present her biography, medical background and work as a doctor. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We have searched through the Retriever media archive, the digital archives of the National Library and the Aftenposten daily, as well as in the following files in the National Archives of Norway: the legal purge of World War II collaborators and the files of the State Police, the Norwegian Medical Association and the Directorate of Health. RESULTS: After her mother's early death in 1908, Ragnhild Vogt cared for her younger siblings and took her mother's place. These family responsibilities caused her education to be delayed, and she did not graduate from her medical studies in Oslo until the age of 35, in 1925. In 1931, she became the first woman in Norway to be authorised as a psychiatrist. She later worked also as a forensic psychiatrist. In 1934 she married and settled in Arendal, where she continued practising until the end of her career. In the years 1941-45 she was a member of Nasjonal Samling, the Norwegian Nazi party, and was convicted of treason after the war. INTERPRETATION: There can be many reasons why the name of Ragnhild Vogt Hauge has been almost forgotten. She worked on the periphery and combined her practice as a psychiatrist with that of a GP. Most likely, her membership in Nasjonal Samling during the war has also played a role. The sources testify to a kind-hearted Christian doctor.

Socialismo Nacional/história , Médicas/história , Psiquiatria/história , Cristianismo , História do Século XX , Humanos , Noruega
BMC Psychiatry ; 19(1): 33, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658618


BACKGROUND: The extent of post-mortem detection of specific psychoactive drugs may differ between countries, and may greatly influence the national death register's classification of manner and cause of death. The main objective of the present study was to analyse the magnitude and pattern of post-mortem detection of various psychoactive substances by the manner of death (suicide, accidental, undetermined and natural death with a psychiatric diagnosis) in Norway and Sweden. METHODS: The Cause of Death Registers in Norway and Sweden provided data on 600 deaths in 2008 from each country, of which 200 were registered as suicides, 200 as accidents or undetermined manner of death and 200 as natural deaths in individuals with a diagnosis of mental disorder as the underlying cause of death. We examined death certificates and forensic reports including toxicological analyses. RESULTS: The detection of psychoactive substances was commonly reported in suicides (66 and 74% in Norway and Sweden respectively), accidents (85 and 66%), undetermined manner of deaths (80% in the Swedish dataset) and in natural deaths with a psychiatric diagnosis (50 and 53%). Ethanol was the most commonly reported substance in the three manners of death, except from opioids being more common in accidental deaths in the Norwegian dataset. In cases of suicide by poisoning, benzodiazepines and z-drugs were the most common substances in both countries. Heroin or morphine was the most commonly reported substance in cases of accidental death by poisoning in the Norwegian dataset, while other opioids dominated the Swedish dataset. Anti-depressants were found in 22% of the suicide cases in the Norwegian dataset and in 29% of suicide cases in the Swedish dataset. CONCLUSIONS: Psychoactive substances were detected in 66 and 74% of suicides and in 85 and 66% of accidental deaths in the Norwegian and Swedish datasets, respectively. Apart from a higher detection rate of heroin in deaths by accident in Norway than in Sweden, the pattern of detected psychoactive substances was similar in the two countries. Assessment of a suicidal motive may be hampered by the common use of psychoactive substances in suicide victims.

Acidentes/mortalidade , Acidentes/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/mortalidade , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos , Suicídio/psicologia , Acidentes/tendências , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Benzodiazepinas/efeitos adversos , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/tendências , Suécia/epidemiologia
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 138(17)2018 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês, Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30378403


BACKGROUND: The interwar period was a time of comprehensive preventive health programmes in Norway. Physical exercise, nutritious diets, strict sleep regimens and better hygiene were at the centre of these efforts. A massive mobilisation of volunteers and professionals took place. The publication of House Maxims for Mothers and Children was part of this large-scale mobilisation, and consisted of ten posters with pithy health advice for hanging on the wall. Mothers were an important target group for health promotion. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The posters have previously received little attention in medical literature, but they can elucidate some features of life and the health propaganda of their time. We have used databases that provide access to newspapers, books and medical literature: Retriever,, Oria, PubMed and Web of Science. RESULTS: It is hard to quantify the effect of this popular movement when compared to political measures to improve living conditions. In any case, mortality rates fell, life expectancy increased and the dreaded communicable diseases were largely defeated. Special efforts were targeted at children, also with good results. Infant mortality fell and schoolchildren became healthier, stronger, taller and cleaner. INTERPRETATION: The line between social hygiene and general disciplining is blurred, for example the boundary between a healthy diet and bourgeois norms. The education of mothers and children also included a normative aspect that concerned good manners and control.

Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/história , Educação em Saúde/história , Promoção da Saúde/história , Pôsteres como Assunto , Criança , Saúde da Criança/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Higiene/história , Mães/educação , Mães/história , Noruega , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/história , Saúde Pública/história
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 138(11)2018 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29947204


In 1934, senior registrar Augusta Rasmussen (1895­1979) published a study of 77 cases involving sexual offences. She found that the women involved had suffered no mental injury from the abuse. In 1947, she published a study of the intelligence level of 310 Norwegian women who had formed relationships with German soldiers during the occupation. She found that nearly all of them were more or less retarded. Her conclusions, however, were not scientifically valid. Here we present Rasmussen's biography, academic background and scientific activity.

Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Deficiência Intelectual/história , Socialismo Nacional/história , Psiquiatria/história , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/história , Abuso Sexual na Infância/legislação & jurisprudência , Vítimas de Crime/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Noruega , Saúde da Mulher/história , II Guerra Mundial
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 138(6)2018 03 20.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557147
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 138(2)2018 01 23.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29357626
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 137(23-24)2017 12 12.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29231631
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 137(22)2017 11 28.
Artigo em Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29181950