Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 260
Filtrar
1.
Vascul Pharmacol ; : 106806, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interleukin-6 (IL-6) pathway has a crucial role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the main cause of cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to characterize the predictive value of inflammatory biomarkers on long-term cardiovascular mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: This prospective observational study included 322 consecutive patients with ACS undergoing PCI. Blood-derived biomarkers IL-6 and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were assessed at the time point of ACS. Patients were followed-up for 6 years. Long-term cardiovascular mortality was our primary endpoint. Adjusted Cox-regression analysis was used for prediction of events. RESULTS: Elevated IL-6 values (≥3.3 pg/mL) emerged as an independent and the most powerful predictor for cardiovascular mortality: the ROC analysis showed that IL-6 was more accurate for cardiovascular mortality prediction as compared to hsCRP (IL-6: AUC = 0.72; 95%CI: 0.62-0.81; p = 0.009 vs hsCRP: AUC = 0.56; 95%CI: 0.41-0.72; p = 0.445). The positive predictive value of IL-6 for mortality was 9%, the negative predictive value 99%, sensitivity 94% and specificity 48%. The primary endpoint of long-term cardiovascular death occurred more frequently in patients with high vs low IL-6 (9.0% vs 0.5%, p = 0.001). The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that patients with high IL-6 (≥3.3 pg/mL) values were at 8.6-fold higher hazard to die than those with low IL-6 (<3.3 pg/mL) levels (adj. hazard ratio [HR] = 8.60, 95%CI: 1.07-69.32; p = 0.043). CONCLUSION: In the setting of ACS, high IL-6 values are associated with substantial long-term cardiovascular mortality. Further, IL-6 performs as a superior predictor for cardiovascular death as compared to hsCRP.

2.
Circulation ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054367

RESUMO

Background: There are few randomized trials comparing bioprostheses for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and no trials compared TAVR bioprostheses with supra-annular design. The SCOPE 2 trial was designed to compare the clinical outcomes of the ACURATE neo and CoreValve Evolut valves. Methods: SCOPE 2 was a randomized trial performed at 23 centers in 6 countries between April 2017 and April 2019. Patients ≥75 years with an indication for transfemoral TAVR as agreed by the Heart Team were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either the ACURATE neo (n=398) or the CoreValve Evolut bioprostheses (n=398). The primary endpoint, powered for non-inferiority of the ACURATE neo valve, was all-cause death or stroke at 1 year. The key secondary endpoint, powered for superiority of the ACURATE neo valve, was new permanent pacemaker implantation at 30 days. Results: Among 796 randomized patients (mean age 83.2±4.3 years; mean STS-PROM score 4.6± 2.9%), clinical follow-up information was available for 778 (98%) patients. Within 1 year, the primary endpoint occurred in 15.8% of patients in the ACURATE neo group and in 13.9% of patients in the CoreValve Evolut group (absolute risk difference 1.8%, upper one-sided 95% confidence limit 6.1%, p=0.0549 for noninferiority). The 30-day rates of new permanent pacemaker implantation were 10.5% in the ACURATE neo group and 18.0% in the CoreValve Evolut group (absolute risk difference -7.5%, 95% confidence interval -12.4 to -2.60, p=0.0027). No significant differences were observed in the components of the primary endpoint. Cardiac death at 30 days (2.8% vs. 0.8%, p=0.03) and 1 year (8.4% vs. 3.9%, p=0.01), and moderate or severe aortic regurgitation at 30 days (10% vs. 3%, p=0.002) were significantly increased in the ACURATE neo group. Conclusions: Transfemoral TAVR with the self-expanding ACURATE neo did not meet non-inferiority compared to the self-expanding CoreValve Evolut in terms of all-cause death or stroke at 1 year, and was associated with a lower incidence of new permanent pacemaker implantation. In secondary analyses, the ACURATE neo was associated with more moderate or severe aortic regurgitation at 30 days and cardiac death at 30 days and 1 year. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ Unique Identifier: NCT03192813.

3.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020969

RESUMO

After successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), many patients show signs of an overactive immune activation. Monocytes are a heterogeneous cell population that can be distinguished into 3 subsets by flow cytometry (classical monocytes [CM: CD14++ CD16- ], intermediate monocytes [IM: CD14++ CD16+ CCR2+ ] and non-classical monocytes [NCM: CD14+ CD16++ CCR2- ]). Fifty-three patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac arrest were included. Blood was taken on admission and after 72 h. The primary endpoint of this study was survival at 6 months and the secondary endpoint was neurological outcome as determined by cerebral performance category (CPC)-score at 6 months. Median age was 64.5 (49.8-74.3) years and 75.5% were male. Six-month mortality was 50.9% and survival with good neurological outcome was 37.7%. Monocyte subset distribution upon admission to the ICU did not differ according to survival. Seventy-two hours after admission, patients who died within 6 months showed a higher percentage of the pro-inflammatory subset of IM (8.3% [3.8-14.6]% vs. 4.1% [1.5-8.2]%; P = 0.025), and a lower percentage of CM (87.5% [79.9-89.0]% vs. 90.8% [85.9-92.7]%; P = 0.036) as compared to survivors. In addition, IM were predictive of outcome independent of time to ROSC and witnessed cardiac arrest, and correlated with CPC-score at 6 months (R = 0.32; P = 0.043). These findings suggest a possible role of the innate immune system in the pathophysiology of post cardiac arrest syndrome.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029699

RESUMO

Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most important parameter in the assessment of cardiac function. A machine-learning algorithm was trained to guide ultrasound-novices to acquire diagnostic echocardiography images. The artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm then estimates LVEF from the captured apical-4-chamber (AP4), apical-2-chamber (AP2), and parasternal-long-axis (PLAX) loops. We sought to test this algorithm by having first-year medical students without previous ultrasound knowledge scan real patients. Nineteen echo-naïve first-year medical students were trained in the basics of echocardiography by a 2.5 h online video tutorial. Each student then scanned three patients with the help of the AI. Image quality was graded according to the American College of Emergency Physicians scale. If rated as diagnostic quality, the AI calculated LVEF from the acquired loops (monoplane and also a "best-LVEF" considering all views acquired in the particular patient). These LVEF calculations were compared to images of the same patients captured and read by three experts (ground-truth LVEF [GT-EF]). The novices acquired diagnostic-quality images in 33/57 (58%), 49/57 (86%), and 39/57 (68%) patients in the PLAX, AP4, and AP2, respectively. At least one of the three views was obtained in 91% of the attempts. We found an excellent agreement between the machine's LVEF calculations from images acquired by the novices with the GT-EF (bias of 3.5% ± 5.6 and r = 0.92, p < 0.001 in the "best-LVEF" algorithm). This pilot study shows first evidence that a machine-learning algorithm can guide ultrasound-novices to acquire diagnostic echo loops and provide an automated LVEF calculation that is in agreement with a human expert.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary tricuspid regurgitation (sTR) is frequent in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and is associated with adverse outcomes despite guideline-directed therapy. However, little is known about the natural course of nonsevere sTR and its relation to cardiac remodeling and outcomes. The aims of this study were therefore to investigate the natural course of sTR progression using quantitative measurements, to assess the prognostic impact on long-term mortality, and to identify risk factors associated with progressive sTR. METHODS: A total of 216 patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction receiving guideline-directed therapy were included in this long-term observational study. Progression of sTR was quantitatively defined as an increase of 0.2 cm2 in effective regurgitant orifice area or 15 mL in regurgitant volume, with transition to at least moderate sTR. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were applied to assess survival during a 5-year follow-up period. RESULTS: Among patients with nonsevere sTR at baseline, 62 (29%) experienced sTR progression. Progressive sTR was accompanied by larger left and right atrial volumes (P = .02 and P < .02, respectively) and a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation (P < .04). During a median follow-up period of 60 months (interquartile range, 37-60 months), 82 patients died. Progression of sTR conveyed a higher risk for long-term mortality (hazard ratio, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.1-2.83; P < .02), even after multivariate adjustment for bootstrap-selected (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.06-2.74; P < .03) and clinical confounder (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.07-3.05; P < .03) models. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of progressive sTR despite guideline-directed therapy is associated with adverse cardiac and valvular remodeling as well as a significantly higher long-term mortality. Biatrial enlargement as well as atrial fibrillation are associated with the development of subsequent progressive sTR and may help identify patients at risk for sTR progression, potentially creating a window of opportunity for closer follow-up and newly arising minimally invasive transcatheter repair therapies.

7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15568, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968104

RESUMO

Aim of the present analysis was to collect and pool all available data currently in the literature regarding outcomes and complications of all approved TAVR prosthesis and to assess the transition from first to next generation TAVR devices by directly comparing both in regard of procedure related complications. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a well established treatment modality in patients with severe aortic stenosis deemed to be inoperable or at unacceptable risk for open heart surgery. First generation prostheses were associated with a high rate of peri-procedural complications like paravalvular regurgitation, valve malpositioning, vascular complications and conduction disorders. Refinement of the available devices incorporate features to address the limitations of the first-generation devices. A PRISMA checklist-guided systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies, national and device specific registries or randomized clinical trials was conducted. Studies were identified by searching PUBMED, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and LILACs from January 2000 to October 2017. We extracted and pooled data on both mortality and complications from 273 studies for twelve different valves prostheses in a total of 68,193 patients. In second generation prostheses as compared to first generation devices, we observed a significant decrease in mortality (1.47 ± 1.73% vs. 5.41 ± 4.35%; p < 0.001), paravalvular regurgitation (1.75 ± 2.43vs. 12.39 ± 9.38, p < 0.001) and MACE. TAVR with contemporary next generation devices has led to an impressive improvement in TAVR safety driven by refined case selection, improved procedural techniques and increased site experience.

8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pericardial and pleural effusion are common findings in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA). It is not known, whether effusions correlate with right ventricular (RV) function in these patients. Furthermore, data on the prognostic significance of pleural and pericardial effusion in CA is scarce. METHODS: Patients with transthyretin (ATTR) and light chain (AL) CA were included in a clinical registry. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography at baseline. The presence of pericardial and pleural effusion was determined in every patient. The clinical endpoint was defined as cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization. RESULTS: In total, 143 patients were analysed. Of these, 85 patients were diagnosed with ATTR and 58 patients with AL. Twenty-four patients presented with isolated pericardial effusion and 35 with isolated pleural effusion. In 19 patients, both pericardial and pleural effusion were found and in 65 patients no effusion was present at baseline. The presence of pleural effusion correlated well with poor RV function, measured by global RV free-wall strain (p = 0.007) in patients with AL, but not in ATTR. No such correlation could be found for pericardial effusion in either amyloidosis subtype. Patients with AL presenting with pleural effusion had worse outcomes compared to patients with pericardial effusion alone or no effusion at baseline. In the ATTR group, there was no difference in outcomes according to presence and type of effusion. CONCLUSION: More than 50% of patients with CA presented with pleural and/or pericardial effusions. While pleural effusion was clearly associated with poor RV function in AL, we were not able to detect this association with pericardial effusion.

9.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13381, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While secondary mitral regurgitation (sMR) is associated with adverse outcome in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), key pathophysiologic mechanisms remain poorly understood and might be elucidated by microRNAs (miRNA/miR), that were recently related to cardiac remodelling. This study sought to assess (i) the differences of miRNA profiles in patients with severe sMR compared to matched disease controls, (ii) the correlation between circulating miRNAs and surrogates of sMR severity as well as (iii) the prognostic implications of miRNA levels in severe sMR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-six HFrEF patients were included, of these 44 patients with severe sMR 2:1 matched to HFrEF controls with no/mild sMR. A comprehensive set of miRNAs (miR-21, miR-29a, miR-122, miR-132, miR-133a, miR-let7i) were measured and correlated to echocardiographic sMR severity. RESULTS: miRNA patterns differed distinctly between patients with severe sMR and HFrEF controls (P < .05). Among the panel of assessed miRNAs, miR-133a correlated most strongly with surrogates of sMR severity (r = -0.41, P = .001 with sMR vena contracta width). Interestingly, elevated levels of miR-133 were associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular death and/or HF hospitalizations with and adjusted HR of 1.85 (95% CI 1.24-2.76, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: This study unveils distinct pathophysiologic maladaptions at a cellular level in patients with severe sMR compared to no/mild sMR by showing significant differences in miRNA profiles and correlations with sMR severity, supporting the concept that sMR drives cardiac remodelling in heart failure. Moreover, the increased risk for adverse outcome in HFrEF patients with severe sMR conveyed by miR-133a might indicate irreversible myocardial damage.

10.
Wien Klin Mag ; : 1-6, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32837601

RESUMO

The pandemic from the SARS-CoV­2 Virus is currently challenging health care systems all over the world. Maintaining appropriate staffing and resources in healthcare facilities is essential to guarantee a safe work environment for healthcare personnel and safe patient care. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a valuable therapeutic option in patients with severe heart or lung failure. Although only a limited proportion of COVID-19 patients develops respiratory or circulatory failure that is refractory to conventional therapies, it is of utmost importance to clearly define criteria for the use of ECMOs in this steadily growing patient population. The ECMO working group of the Medical University of Vienna has established the following recommendations for ECMO support in COVID-19 patients.

11.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(9): 1282-1290, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: von Willebrand factor (VWF) is crucial for arterial thrombosis and its plasma levels are increased in acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). The effects of conventional platelet inhibitors are compromised by elevated VWF under high shear rates. BT200 is a third-generation aptamer that binds and inhibits the A1 domain of human VWF. This article aims to study whether VWF is a predictor of mortality in ACS patients under potent P2Y12 blocker therapy and to examine the effects of a VWF inhibiting aptamer BT200 and its concentrations required to inhibit VWF in plasma samples of patients with ACS. METHODS: VWF activity was measured in 320 patients with ACS, and concentration effect curves of BT200 were established in plasma pools containing different VWF concentrations. RESULTS: Median VWF activity in patients was 170% (interquartile range % confidence interval [CI]: 85-255) and 44% of patients had elevated (> 180%) VWF activity. Plasma levels of VWF activity predicted 1-year (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.68; 95% CI: 1.14-6.31; p < 0.024) and long-term (HR: 2.59; 95% CI: 1.10-6.09) mortality despite treatment with potent platelet inhibitors (dual-antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and prasugrel or ticagrelor). Although half-maximal concentrations were 0.1 to 0.2 µg/mL irrespective of baseline VWF levels, increasing concentrations (0.42-2.13 µg/mL) of BT200 were needed to lower VWF activity to < 20% of normal in plasma pools containing increasing VWF activity (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: VWF is a predictor of all-cause mortality in ACS patients under contemporary potent P2Y12 inhibitor therapy. BT200 effectively inhibited VWF activity in a target concentration-dependent manner.

12.
Eur J Intern Med ; 79: 37-42, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score is widely used to predict mortality in critically ill - typically septic - patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the ISTH DIC-2001 and DIC-2018 score can be used to predict the 30-day mortality in non-septic patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: In this single-center, prospective observational study we included all patients ≥18 years of age who were admitted to a medical ICU with a focus on cardiovascular diseases between August 2012 and 2013. The DIC-2001 and DIC-2018 scores were calculated on admission (DIC-2001-0h and DIC-2018-0h) and 72 hours thereafter (DIC-2001-72h and DIC-2018-72h) and were classified as overt when ≥ 5 for DIC-2001 and ≥ 4 for DIC-2018. RESULTS: A total of 233 patients were included in this study. Excluding septic patients and patients after routine surgery/procedures, we calculated the DIC score for 167 patients (32.4% female; median age 64.9 years). Overt DIC-2001-0h, DIC-2018-0h and overt DIC-2001-72h scores were associated with a significantly higher 30-day mortality rate (52.9% vs. 25.0%, 46.2% vs 21.2%, and 57.1% vs. 23.7%; p < 0.04). The DIC-2001 scores and the DIC-2018-0h score significantly predicted the 30-day mortality. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the DIC score may be applied to non-septic ICU populations, and indicates that it is a useful tool for mortality prediction, regardless of the underlying disease.

13.
Wien Klin Wochenschr ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621065

RESUMO

The pandemic from the SARS-CoV­2 virus is currently challenging healthcare systems all over the world. Maintaining appropriate staffing and resources in healthcare facilities is essential to guarantee a safe working environment for healthcare personnel and safe patient care. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a valuable therapeutic option in patients with severe heart or lung failure. Although only a limited proportion of COVID-19 patients develop respiratory or circulatory failure that is refractory to conventional treatment, it is of utmost importance to clearly define criteria for the use of ECMO in this steadily growing patient population. The ECMO working group of the Medical University of Vienna has established the following recommendations for ECMO support in COVID-19 patients.

14.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(9): 2265-2278, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Macrophages are immune cells, capable to remodel the extracellular matrix, which can harbor extracellular DNA incorporated into neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). To study the breakdown of NETs we studied the capability of macrophage subsets to degrade these structures in vitro and in vivo in a murine thrombosis model. Furthermore, we analyzed human abdominal aortic aneurysm samples in support of our in vitro and in vivo results. Approach and Results: Macrophages were seeded onto blood clots or isolated NETs and polarized. All macrophages were capable to degrade NETs. For initial breakdown, macrophages relied on extracellular deoxyribonucleases. Proinflammatory polarization enhanced NET degradation. The boost in degradation was because of increased macropinocytosis, as inhibition by imipramine diminished their NET breakdown. Inhibition of macropinocytosis in a murine thrombosis model led to increased NET burden and reduced thrombus resolution in vivo. When analyzing abdominal aortic aneurysm samples, macrophage density furthermore corresponded negatively with the amount of local NETs in the intraluminal thrombi as well as in the vessel wall, as increased macrophage density was associated with a reduction in NET burden. CONCLUSIONS: We provide evidence that macrophages degrade NETs by extracellular predigestion and subsequent uptake. Furthermore, we show that proinflammatory macrophages increase NET degradation through enhanced macropinocytosis, priming them for NET engulfment. Based on our findings, that inhibition of macropinocytosis in mice corresponded to increased NET amounts in thrombi and that local macrophage density in human abdominal aortic aneurysm is negatively associated with surrounding NETs, we hypothesize, that macrophages are able to degrade NETs in vivo.


Assuntos
Endodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/enzimologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pinocitose , Animais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Desoxirribonuclease I/metabolismo , Desoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Exodesoxirribonucleases/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imipramina/farmacologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interleucina-13/farmacologia , Interleucina-4/farmacologia , Cinética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Fagocitose , Fenótipo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Pinocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Veia Cava Inferior/metabolismo , Trombose Venosa/metabolismo
15.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235716, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pulmonary artery (PA) to ascending aorta diameter ratio (PA:A) has been evaluated in numerous studies analyzing cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computed tomography (CT) data. Previously, no transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) cutoffs have been published. We sought to evaluate (1) the feasibility to image the pulmonary trunk in a prospective cohort, and (2) the ability of PA:A derived by TTE to predict pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of a prospectively recruited consecutive cohort of patients referred to our tertiary center cardiology department due to suspicion for PH. Invasive hemodynamic assessment and quasi-simultaneous TTE was performed in all participants. RESULTS: A total of 84 patients were included in the analysis, median age was 70.5 years (IQR 58-75), 46 (55%) were female. The PA was significantly wider in the PH group (28mm vs. 22.5mm, p<0.001) with a resulting median PA:A of 0.84 vs. 0.66 (p<0.001). Both PA diameter (r = 0.524 and r = 0.44, both p<0.001) and PA:A (r = 0.652 and 0.697, both p<0.001) significantly correlated with mPAP and with PVR, respectively. Area under the curve for the detection of PH was 0.853 (95%CI 0.739-0.967, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The PA can be visualized in almost all echocardiographic exams, especially when it is dilated. A view showing the pulmonary trunk should be included in every routine TTE. An increased PA:A should raise suspicion for PH and prompt further evaluation and follow-up examinations of these patients.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
16.
Platelets ; : 1-9, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501749

RESUMO

Inflammation leads to atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). We performed a prospective, observational study to assess association between the concentrations of inflammatory markers (high sensitivity C-reactive protein, hsCRP; high sensitivity interleukin6, hsIL-6; soluble CD40 ligand, sCD40 L) and platelet reactivity in 338 patients with ACS treated with ticagrelor and prasugrel. We also assessed whether hsCRP, hsIL-6, and sCD40 L are associated with standard inflammatory markers (white blood cell [WBC] and fibrinogen), and whether they differ according to patient diabetic status and pre-treatment with statins. Concentrations of hsCRP and concentrations of hsIL-6 and sCD40 L were assessed using turbidimetric assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Platelet reactivity was measured using multiple electrode aggregometry. There was only a weak inverse correlation between hsIL-6 and platelet reactivity (r≤-0.125). In contrast, concentration of hsIL6 and hsCRP positively correlated with WBC count and fibrinogen (r ≥ 0.199). Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) was associated with higher concentration of hsIL-6 (p = .014), whereas pre-treatment with statins - with lower concentration of hsIL-6 (p = .035). In conclusion, inflammatory state does not affect the antiplatelet efficacy of potent P2Y12 inhibitors in the acute phase of ACS, confirming the safety and efficacy of potent P2Y12 inhibitors in patients with a high inflammatory burden.

17.
Resuscitation ; 155: 32-38, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522698

RESUMO

AIM: Current guidelines suggest the use of epinephrine in patients with cardiac arrest (CA). However, evidence for increased survival in good neurological condition is lacking. In experimental settings, epinephrine-induced impairment of microvascular flow was shown. The aim of our study was to analyze the association between epinephrine treatment and intestinal injury in patients after CA. METHODS: We have included 52 patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after CA admitted to our medical intensive care unit (ICU). Blood was taken on admission and levels of circulating intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP) were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients were 64 (49.8-73.8) years old and predominantly male (76.9%). After six months, 50% of patients died and 38.5% of patients had a cerebral performance category (CPC)-score of 1-2. iFABP levels were lower in survivors (234 IQR 90-399 pg/mL) as compared to non-survivors (283, IQR 86-11500 pg/mL; p < 0.05). Plasma levels of iFABP were not associated with time to ROSC but correlated with epinephrine-dose (R = 0.32; p < 0.05). 40% of patients receiving ≥3 mg of epinephrine as compared to 10.5% of patients treated with <3 mg (p < 0.05) developed iFABP plasma levels >1500 pg/mL, which was associated with dramatically increased mortality (HR4.87, 95%CI 1.95-12.1; p < 0.001). iFABP levels predicted mortality independent from time to ROSC and the disease severity score SAPS II. In contrast to mortality, iFABP plasma levels were not associated with neurological outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In this small, single centre study, cumulative dose of epinephrine used in cardiac arrest patients was associated with an increase in biomarker indicative of intestinal injury and 6-month mortality.

18.
Eur J Clin Invest ; 50(11): e13304, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506444

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the long-term clinical benefit of dual antiplatelet therapy with potent P2Y12 inhibitors compared to clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: In this prospective multicenter observational study, we enrolled 708 patients with ACS treated with clopidogrel (n = 137), ticagrelor (n = 260) or prasugrel (n = 311). Major adverse cardiac events (MACE; over 1 year) and long-term mortality (median: 5.6 years; interquartile range [IQR] 4.9-6.5 years) were assessed. Multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) was used to measure adenosine diphosphate (ADP)- and arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation. RESULTS: Type of P2Y12 inhibitor emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality and MACE: patients treated with potent platelet inhibitors prasugrel or ticagrelor were at lower risk for long-term mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 0.44; 95% CI: 0.22-0.92; P = .028) or MACE (adjusted HR = 0.38; 95% CI: 0.20-0.73; P = .004) than those treated with clopidogrel independent from clinical risk factors. In contrast, the efficacy of clopidogrel decreased with increasing severity of ACS: platelet aggregation was 37% higher in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 25% higher in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI) compared to patients with unstable angina (P = .039). Patients with diabetes achieved less potent ADP- and AA-induced platelet inhibition under clopidogrel, compared to patients without diabetes (P = .045; P = .030, respectively). CONCLUSION: In the setting of ACS, treatment with ticagrelor or prasugrel reduced long-term mortality and 1-year MACE as compared to clopidogrel.

19.
Radiology ; 296(2): 290-298, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484413

RESUMO

Background In heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), echocardiographic studies suggest that global longitudinal strain (GLS) has an impact on survival. Feature-tracking cardiovascular MRI also allows for strain analysis; however, to the knowledge of the authors, little is known about its prognostic value and whether it reflects severity of diffuse fibrosis, as assessed by cardiovascular MRI T1 mapping. Purpose To investigate the association between myocardial strain at cardiovascular MRI with extracellular volume by T1 mapping and outcome in participants with HFpEF. Materials and Methods In this secondary analysis of a prospective study (NCT03405987), consecutive participants with HFpEF underwent cardiovascular MRI between July 2012 and March 2018, including T1 mapping and three-dimensional strain analysis. Extracellular volume and strain results were assessed to determine if there was a correlation between these two factors. Cox regression was performed to determine the prognostic relevance of MRI-derived myocardial strain for a combined end point (events) of heart failure hospitalizations and cardiovascular death. Results In total, 206 consecutive participants with HFpEF (mean age, 71 years ± 8 [standard deviation]; 69% women) were included. Median myocardial global longitudinal strain (GLS) at MRI was -8.5% and showed low correlation with extracellular volume (r = 0.28; P = .003). A total of 109 events (53%) were recorded during a follow-up of 38 months ± 29. Participants with a GLS above the median had higher event rates (log-rank test, P < .001). By multivariable Cox regression analysis, GLS remained independently associated with outcome (hazard ratio, 1.06 per 1% strain increase; 95% confidence interval: 1.01, 1.11; P = .03) when corrected for risk factors including age, diabetes, renal function, N-terminal pro-b-type natriuretic peptide serum concentration, and right ventricular size and function. Conclusion In participants with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, global longitudinal strain at cardiovascular MRI was correlated with extracellular volume by T1 mapping and was associated with cardiovascular events. © RSNA, 2020 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA