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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; : e015609, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624513

RESUMO

Background Vascular alterations induced by antineoplastic treatment might be considered as a possible underlying mechanism of increased cardiovascular sequelae in childhood cancer survivors (CCSs). We aimed to evaluate arterial stiffness among long-term CCSs and to compare the data against a population-based sample. Methods and Results Arterial stiffness was assessed by digital photoplethysmography (stiffness index; m/s) among 1002 participants of the CVSS (Cardiac and Vascular Late Sequelae in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer) study, diagnosed with neoplasia (1980-1990) before an age of 15 years. A population-based sample from the GHS (Gutenberg Health Study) (n=5252) was investigated for comparison. All subjects underwent a comprehensive, standardized clinical examination in the same study center. CCSs had higher stiffness index (ß=0.66 m/s; 95% CI, 0.51-0.80 m/s) in multivariable linear regression analysis after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors compared with the population sample of comparable age range. Stiffer vessels were found among CCSs also in absence of arterial hypertension (ß=0.66; 95% CI, 0.50-0.81) or history of chemotherapy/radiotherapy (ß=0.56; 95% CI, 0.16-0.96) in fully adjusted models. Moreover, stiffness index differed by tumor entity, with highest values in bone and renal tumors. Almost 5.2-fold higher prevalence of stiffness index values exceeding age-specific, population-based reference limits was observed among CCSs compared with GHS participants. Conclusions This is the first study demonstrating increased arterial stiffness among long-term CCSs. The data suggest that vascular compliance might differ in survivors of childhood cancer from the established development concept for arterial stiffness in the population; cancer growth and antineoplastic treatment might be relevant determinants of the pathobiological features. Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02181049.

2.
PLoS Genet ; 16(12): e1009232, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347437

RESUMO

Motile cilia can beat with distinct patterns, but how motility variations are regulated remain obscure. Here, we have studied the role of the coiled-coil protein CFAP53 in the motility of different cilia-types in the mouse. While node (9+0) cilia of Cfap53 mutants were immotile, tracheal and ependymal (9+2) cilia retained motility, albeit with an altered beat pattern. In node cilia, CFAP53 mainly localized at the base (centriolar satellites), whereas it was also present along the entire axoneme in tracheal cilia. CFAP53 associated tightly with microtubules and interacted with axonemal dyneins and TTC25, a dynein docking complex component. TTC25 and outer dynein arms (ODAs) were lost from node cilia, but were largely maintained in tracheal cilia of Cfap53-/- mice. Thus, CFAP53 at the base of node cilia facilitates axonemal transport of TTC25 and dyneins, while axonemal CFAP53 in 9+2 cilia stabilizes dynein binding to microtubules. Our study establishes how differential localization and function of CFAP53 contributes to the unique motion patterns of two important mammalian cilia-types.

3.
Front Pediatr ; 8: 243, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32582585

RESUMO

Objective: In cancer patients, the impairment in muscle function is a frequently observed phenomenon. However, comprehensive evaluation of the effect of exercise training on muscle function in childhood cancer patients (CCPs) is sparse and therefore investigated in the MUCKI trial. Study Design: In the randomized controlled MUCKI trial, CCPs during intensive cancer treatment and aged 4-18 years were recruited. Eligible patients were enrolled soon after diagnosis as long as they were physically and mentally able to participate in exercise testing and training. Patients of the exercise group (n = 16) participated in average 2.7 ± 1.2 times per week in a combined resistance and endurance training with moderate exercise intensity, for a time period of 8.0 ± 2.1 weeks, while patients of the control group (n = 17) received usual care. Leg strength was evaluated as the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were 6-min walk performance, arm strength, body composition, fatigue, and health-related quality of life. Results: Comparisons of pre- and post-intervention results were evaluated by baseline and stratification criteria adjusted analysis and showed positive effects for the exercise group regarding leg strength [F (1, 20) = 5.733; p = 0.027*; η p 2 = 0.223], walking performance [F (1, 25) = 4.270; p = 0.049*; η p 2 = 0.146], fatigue [F (1, 13) = 8.353; p = 0.013*; η p 2 = 0.391], self-esteem [F (1, 6) = 6.823; p = 0.040*; η p 2 = 0.532], and self-reported strength and endurance capacity [F (1, 6) = 6.273; p = 0.046*; η p 2 = 0.511]. No significant differences were found for the other parameters. Conclusion: Within one of the first randomized controlled trials, the present study provides evidence for a positive effect of combined training in CCPs during intensive cancer treatment. Further research is needed to confirm these results and to evaluate their clinical impact. Clinical Trial Registration Number: NCT02612025.

4.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(4)2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224911

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in pediatric patients. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway plays a relevant role in the biology of OS but no IGF targeted therapies have been successful as monotherapy so far. Here, we tested the effect of three IGF specific inhibitors and tested ceritinib as an off-target inhibitor, alone or in combination with dasatinib, on the proliferation of seven primary OS cells. Picropodophyllin, particularly in combination with dasatinib and the combination ceritinib/dasatinib were effective in abrogating the proliferation. The ceritinib/dasatinib combination was applied to the primary cells of a 16-year-old girl with a long history of lung metastases, and was more effective than cabozantinib and olaparib. Therefore, the combination was used to treat the patient. The treatment was well tolerated, with toxicity limited to skin rush and diarrhea. A histopathological evaluation of the tumor after three months of therapy indicated regions of high necrosis and extensive infiltration of macrophages. The extension of the necrosis was proportional to the concentration of dasatinib and ceritinib in the area, as analysed by an ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer (UPLC-MS/MS). After the cessation of the therapy, radiological analysis indicated a massive growth of the patient's liver metastases. In conclusion, these data indicate that the combination of ceritinib/dasatinib is safe and may be used to develop new therapy protocols.

5.
Cancer Med ; 8(4): 1865-1874, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30838816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing survival rates after childhood cancer have raised the issue of long-term mental health consequences in adulthood. This study determines mental health distress among long-term survivors of pediatric cancer and compares it to control groups. METHODS: Childhood cancer survivors (CCS; N = 951, aged 24-49 years) were compared to three age-matched control groups from the general population collected at three time points. The study compared the prevalence of clinically relevant symptoms of a wide range of common mental disorders (depression, somatic distress, suicidal ideation, generalized anxiety, panic, social anxiety, and sleep disturbances) using identical, validated questionnaires. CCS were identified by the German Childhood Cancer Registry. Controls were approached by a demographic consultation company (USUMA) which assured that the three samples were nationally representative. RESULTS: Childhood cancer survivors reported higher education than controls and were less often married. All forms of common mental distress were increased among survivors. Twenty-four percent of male (N = 526) and 41% of female survivors (N = 425) reported some form of clinically relevant mental health symptoms. Somatic distress as the leading complaint was highly frequent among CCS (OR: 10.98, CI 95%: 7.24-16.64). Complaints by generalized anxiety (OR: 5.04, CI 95%: 2.61-9.70), panic (OR: 3.28, CI 95%: 1.60-6.70), depression (OR: 3.36, CI 95%: 2.22-5.09), and suicidality (OR = 2.22; CI 95%: 1.38-3.57) were also strongly increased. Female sex, low education, low income, and unemployment were associated with increased distress. CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate a need to integrate psycho-oncological screening and care into long-term aftercare. Somatic distress, as cause and indicator of psychological distress, should receive stronger attention, especially tiredness, low energy, and pain.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Radiother Oncol ; 127(2): 280-286, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29605477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Due to sensitive neuroimaging techniques, cerebrovascular complications such as cerebral microbleeds (CMB) and cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) are increasingly recognized as considerable late effects after treatment for pediatric brain tumor. The aim of this study was to analyze CMB in a cohort of patients after cranial irradiation therapy for medulloblastoma or other pediatric brain tumors using susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (SWI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty former pediatric brain tumor patients were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study and examined by cranial MRI including SWI sequences. Cerebral microbleeds, clinical symptoms and disability were evaluated. RESULTS: Thirty-six (90%) of the examined individuals (mean follow-up age 22.2 y; mean follow-up time 13.5 y) were affected by CMB. Longer follow-up time and higher craniospinal irradiation doses correlated with higher total lesion count (p < 0.01). Thirteen patients (32.5%) presented with clinical symptoms. Individuals with CMB were more severely disabled than patients without CMB (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrovascular sequelae occur frequently after treatment for pediatric brain tumor. In this study, a remarkable part of pediatric brain tumor patients presents with CMB. As a sign of vascular damage, they can cause clinical symptoms and may correspond to neurocognitive decline. Further studies are needed to standardize MRI protocols and to improve quality of long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Irradiação Craniana/efeitos adversos , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/efeitos da radiação , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Irradiação Craniana/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Neuroimagem/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Oncotarget ; 8(69): 114210-114225, 2017 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29371980

RESUMO

High-grade neuroepithelial tumor of the central nervous system with BCOR alteration (HGNET-BCOR) is a rare, highly malignant tumor. At the time of this publication, no standard protocol exists to treat this tumor entity. In this work, we tested the responsiveness of the primary culture PhKh1 derived from tumor tissue from a pediatric HGNET-BCOR patient (P1) to inhibitors of the Sonic hedgehog pathway combined with radiation. The SMO inhibitors vismodegib and itraconazole had low effect on the proliferation of the PhKh1 cells. However, the GLI inhibitor arsenic trioxide reduced the expression of GLI target genes in the PhKh1 cells and in combination with radiotherapy significantly decreased their clonogenic potential. PhKh1 cells resistant to arsenic trioxide were characterized by the overexpression of molecular chaperones. We combined arsenic trioxide and radiation in the relapse therapy protocol of P1, achieving complete remission after seven weeks. Clinical remission lasted for six months, when P1 developed systemic metastases. Meanwhile, an increase in the concentration of circulating tumor DNA carrying a BCOR internal tandem duplication was observed. Molecular characterization of a second patient (P2) was also performed. In P2, we detected a larger tandem duplication and greater activation of the Sonic hedgehog pathway than in P1. These findings suggest that combining arsenic trioxide with radiotherapy may represent a new therapeutic approach. Moreover, peripheral blood analysis for circulating tumor DNA could help in the early detection of systemic metastases.

8.
Acta Paediatr ; 98(3): 548-52, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19067670

RESUMO

AIMS: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is the major endotoxin signalling receptor of the innate immune system and is required for efficient recognition of bacterial infections. Here, we analysed a possible association between the TLR4 variant Asp299Gly and disease outcome in children with invasive meningococcal disease. METHODS: In total, 197 children with invasive meningococcal disease were analysed for the TLR4 Asp299Gly variant. Genotyping results were correlated with mortality, the frequency of ventilation support, application of inotropic substances, skin grafting, and limb loss. RESULTS: The overall Asp299Gly allele frequency was 9.4%. Detection of a heterozygous Asp299Gly TLR4 mutation was significantly associated with fatal outcome (non-survivor group: 31.6% vs. survivor group: 12.1%; p = 0.021) and was even more pronounced in patients with disease onset less than 24 months of age (non-survivor group: 42.8% vs. survivor group: 10.2%; p = 0.006). In this age group, ventilation support was also more frequent in patients with the Asp299Gly genotype (37.5% vs. 6.2%). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the heterozygous TLR4 Asp299Gly genotype is associated with an increased mortality in children with invasive meningococcal disease.


Assuntos
Infecções Meningocócicas/genética , Infecções Meningocócicas/mortalidade , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Adolescente , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
9.
Mycoses ; 52(3): 228-33, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18643890

RESUMO

Invasive aspergillosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised and critically ill patients. Standard culture based methods for the diagnosis of Aspergillus infections have limited sensitivity and specificity and are time consuming. The recent availability of novel molecular based diagnostic techniques offers the potential of rapid, highly sensitive and specific pathogen detection. In this study, we aimed to develop a diagnostic assay to detect simultaneously common pathogenic Aspergillus species including Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus terreus in whole blood specimen. A real-time PCR/probe set assay was designed to amplify the 18sRNA genomic region of Aspergillus. In addition to a previously probe set validated for the detection of A. fumigatus ('Asp.fum'), two other probe sets ('Asp.ter'; 'Asp.nig') were synthesised with 100% sequence homology to A. terreus or A. niger. Specificity testing demonstrated amplification of Aspergillus DNA, but not DNA from a panel of other common pathogenic fungi and bacteria and/or human DNA. Sensitivity testing in serial dilution assays revealed a lower detection limit of 1-5 CFU ml(-1) whole blood. However, no single probe set was most sensitive for all Aspergillus species tested and a combination of all three probe sets was necessary to achieve maximal overall assay sensitivity. Furthermore, inclusion of a subsequent probe melting temperature (Tm) analysis demonstrated species-specific Tm-patterns, useful to differentiate simultaneously between the different Aspergillus species detected. We describe a highly specific and sensitive real-time PCR approach to detect and differentiate the most common pathogenic Aspergillus species in a rapid 'same day' assay.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/diagnóstico , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Aspergillus/genética , DNA Fúngico/genética , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
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