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1.
Int Endod J ; 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894604

RESUMO

AIM: To identify dominant microorganisms in root filled teeth with apical periodontitis by Pan-PCRs in comparison with a culture-dependent approach, focusing on fungal species profiling. METHODOLOGY: The root filling material (gutta-percha) removed from 42 teeth with periapical radiolucencies undergoing root canal retreatments was analysed by molecular genetics techniques. Real-Time Pan-PCRs were conducted for the diagnosis of predominant bacteria (targeting 16S rDNA) and fungi (targeting ITS1-2 region). Identification of microorganisms was performed by Sanger sequencing of the PCR products and BLAST analysis. Additionally, subgingival plaque samples were collected and cultured to review the composition of the microbial flora. The McNemar test and the repeated measures anova were used for statistical analyses (significance level was set at P < 0.05). RESULTS: Overall, 42/42 plaque samples had bacterial growth, whereas 32/42 gutta-percha samples had bacterial growth with a dominance of Streptococcus spp. (12/42) and Enterococcus faecalis (9/42). The mean number of bacterial taxa per gutta-percha sample was 1.6 cultivatable taxa, significantly lower than in the plaque sample that had six taxa/sample (P < 0.001). Fungus-specific cultures were negative for gutta-percha samples, and only one plaque sample had growth of a fungus. In total, 36/42 plaque samples were positive in bacterial Pan-PCRs. In bacterial Pan-PCRs of 31/42 gutta-percha samples, dominant microorganisms were identified including Streptococcus spp. (5/42) and E. faecalis (4/42). Moreover, in 7/42 gutta-percha samples, DNA of bacteria which are difficult-to-cultivate in microbiology routine culture (Acinetobacter, Pyramidobacter, Bacteroidetes, Synergistes, Atopobium and Pseudoramibacter) was found. DNA of Candida spp. was detected in 5/42 root canals by fungal Pan-PCR (1/5) and genus-specific Candida-PCR (5/5). CONCLUSIONS: Pan-PCR assays remain appropriate as a broad-range approach for the detection of a dominant pathogen in gutta-percha samples which have less diverse microbial composition. The molecular genetic Pan-PCR approach has the advantage of detecting microorganisms that are as-yet-uncultivable or difficult-to-cultivate and should be therefore complement conventional microbiological diagnostics.

2.
Int J Med Microbiol ; 308(7): 865-871, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100523

RESUMO

The role of Ureaplasma parvum in abnormal outcomes of human pregnancy has been discussed controversially in the past. Of the 14 known ureaplasma serovars, the Ureaplasma parvum serovars 1, 3, 6 and 14, have been found to derive from smaller genomes. Serovars 3 and 6 have been described more often to cause complications in pregnancy. To elucidate the serovar distribution in U. parvum positive specimens of 200 Mongolian mothers and their offspring, a new set of mba-targeting PCRs was developed enabling a fast and reliable serovar differentiation by melting peak analysis in a Real time PCR approach or by conventional agarose gel electrophoresis. 92% maternal and 55% neonatal samples were retrospectively genotyped and a dominance of serovars 3 and 6 was detected while serovar 14 was almost absent. Transmission from mothers to newborns was detected in 83% of U. parvum positive neonates exhibiting serovar patterns identical to their mothers. No statistically significant correlation between a distinct serovar and pregnancy outcome could be detected. However, neonatal colonization with serovar 1 declined with progressing pregnancy suggesting that a higher ureaplasma load shortened pregnancy and thereby had a potential negative effect on offspring health. Our novel mba-based Real time PCR approach, which can also be used in conventional PCR and gel electrophoretic analysis, provides the proof of principle that the four U. parvum serovars 1, 3, 6 and 14 can be differentially detected and quantified. A larger scale study outside the scope of this work should be conducted to clarify the impact of serovar 1 on pregnancy outcome.


Assuntos
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Infecções por Ureaplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Ureaplasma/transmissão , Ureaplasma/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mongólia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ureaplasma/classificação , Ureaplasma/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Ureaplasma/microbiologia
3.
BMC Genomics ; 19(1): 525, 2018 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29986648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma hominis is a human urogenital pathogen involved in gynaecological, neonatal and extra-genital infections. However, no versatile genetic tools are currently available to study the pathogenicity of this bacterium. Targeting-Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes (TILLING) is a reverse-genetic method that combines point mutations induced by chemical mutagenesis with a DNA screening technique. We used ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) that introduces C-G to T-A transition mutations to generate a library of M. hominis mutants. As a proof of concept, mutagenized organisms were screened for mutations in two target genes previously associated with the mycoplasma pathogenicity, the vaa gene encoding an adhesin lipoprotein and the oppA gene encoding the main ectoATPase of the bacterium. The resulting mutants were evaluated using functional assays, an adhesion to HeLa cell assay for vaa-mutants and an ATPase activity test for oppA-mutants. RESULTS: A 1200-clone library was generated by exposing M. hominis PG21 to 9 mg/mL EMS for 3 h. To identify mutants of interest, targeted gene fragments were amplified, heat-denatured, slowly reannealed and digested with the mismatch-specific endonuclease ENDO1. If multiple alleles were present in the PCR amplicons, these alleles formed heteroduplexes during reannealing that were specifically cleaved by ENDO1 at mismatching positions. A total of four vaa-mutants and two oppA-mutants harbouring missense mutations were obtained and fully sequenced. Zero to eight additional mutations were identified in the genomes of each mutant. The vaa-mutants were tested for adhesion to immobilized HeLa cells but their adhesion was not significantly different from the adhesion of M. hominis PG21. One of the two oppA-mutants that were tested for ATPase activity presented a higher affinity for its ATP substrate than the parental strain. CONCLUSION: For the first time, we demonstrated that M. hominis gene-targeted mutants could be successfully obtained using this TILLING strategy. In the absence of robust genetic tools for studying M. hominis, the TILLING strategy that can target any gene of the genome could help to elucidate gene functions and to better understand the pathogenesis of this human pathogenic species.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Marcação de Genes/métodos , Lipoproteínas/genética , Mycoplasma hominis/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Pareamento Incorreto de Bases , Metanossulfonato de Etila/farmacologia , Biblioteca Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Mycoplasma hominis/fisiologia , Mutação Puntual/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 16: 314, 2016 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27364885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid diagnosis and appropriate antimicrobial therapy are of major importance to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with blood stream infections (BSI). Blood culture, the current gold standard for detecting bacteria in blood, requires at least 24-48 hours and has limited sensitivity if obtained during antibiotic treatment of the patient. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to clinically evaluate the application of a commercial universal 16S/18S rDNA PCR, SepsiTest™ (PCR-ST), directly on whole blood. METHODS: In total 236 samples from 166 patients with suspected sepsis were included in the study. PCR-ST results were compared to blood culture, the current gold standard for detecting BSI. Because blood cultures can give false-negative results, we performed an additional analysis to interpret the likelihood of bloodstream infection by using an evaluation based on clinical diagnosis, other diagnostic tests and laboratory parameters. RESULTS: Clinical interpretation of results defined the detected organism to be contaminants in 22 of 43 positive blood cultures (51.2 %) and 21 of 47 positive PCR-ST results (44.7 %). Excluding these contaminants resulted in an overall sensitivity and specificity of the PCR-ST of 66.7 and 94.4 % respectively. Of the 36 clinically relevant samples, 11 BSI were detected with both techniques, 15 BSI were detected with PCR-ST only and 10 with blood culture only. Therefore, in this study, SepsiTest™ detected an additional 71 % BSI compared to blood culture alone. CONCLUSIONS: More clinically relevant BSI were diagnosed by molecular detection, which might influence patient treatment. An improved SepsiTest™ assay suited for routine use can have additional value to blood culture in diagnosing bacteremia in septic patients.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Bactérias/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Hemocultura , Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/microbiologia
5.
Euro Surveill ; 18(40)2013 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24128698

RESUMO

Plasmodium knowlesi was known as a plasmodium of macaques until P. knowlesi transmission to humans was recognised in Borneo and later throughout South-East Asia. We describe here a case of a P. knowlesi infection imported to Germany from Thailand. The patient had not taken antimalarial chemoprophylaxis and suffered from daily fever attacks. Microscopy revealed trophozoites and gametocytes resembling P. malariae. P. knowlesi malaria was confirmed by PCR.


Assuntos
Malária/diagnóstico , Plasmodium knowlesi/isolamento & purificação , Viagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Artemeter , Artemisininas/uso terapêutico , Etanolaminas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluorenos/uso terapêutico , Alemanha , Humanos , Lumefantrina , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Malária/transmissão , Microscopia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Plasmodium knowlesi/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Tailândia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 20(Pt 5): 667-82, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23955029

RESUMO

The Materials Science beamline at the Swiss Light Source has been operational since 2001. In late 2010, the original wiggler source was replaced with a novel insertion device, which allows unprecedented access to high photon energies from an undulator installed in a medium-energy storage ring. In order to best exploit the increased brilliance of this new source, the entire front-end and optics had to be redesigned. In this work, the upgrade of the beamline is described in detail. The tone is didactic, from which it is hoped the reader can adapt the concepts and ideas to his or her needs.

7.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 19(Pt 6): 1001-5, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23093761

RESUMO

Eiger is the next-generation single-photon-counting pixel detector following the widely used Pilatus detector. Its smaller pixel size of 75 µm × 75 µm, higher frame rate of up to 22 kHz, and practically zero dead-time (~4 µs) between exposures will further various measurement methods at synchrotron sources. In this article Eiger's suitability for X-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS) is demonstrated. By exploiting its high frame rate, complementary small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and XPCS data are collected in parallel to determine both the structure factor and collective diffusion coefficient of a nano-colloid suspension. For the first time, correlation times on the submillisecond time scale are accessible with a large-area pixel detector.

8.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis ; 31(11): 3173-82, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22850740

RESUMO

A prospective clinical study was performed to correlate nasopharyngeal carriage of bacteria with the type of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in hospitalised children. To determine bacterial load in nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) we used semiquantitative culturing and quantitative TaqMan-PCR for those pathogens difficult to culture. Specimens and clinical data were obtained from 311 children between 0 and 16 years of age with LRTI during the period of 2006-2008. The most common detected potentially pathogenic colonisers were Haemophilus influenzae (32.1 %), Moraxella catharralis (26.7 %), Staphylococcus aureus (17.7 %) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (16.7 %). As expected S. aureus was the most common coloniser in children less than 4 months of age, whereas H. influenzae detection peaked in older children. Co-colonisation with other bacterial pathogens were more often observed in children with S. aureus (46 %) and S. pneumoniae (49 %) than in those with H. influenzae (30 %) or M. catharralis (27 %). Children with S. aureus co-colonisation had higher levels of C-reactive-protein, received antibiotics more frequently and stayed longer in hospital than those with S. aureus single colonisation. In contrast, children with H. influenzae, M. catharralis or S. pneumoniae colonisation suffered more often from pneumonia than children with S. aureus colonisation. Coloniser specific analysis of bacterial quantity revealed no significant reduction of the bacterial carriage from the first to the second NPA. No correlation of a high bacterial load and occurrence of pneumonia could be detected. In conclusion, clinical characteristics in children with LRTIs are associated with a specific bacterial set of colonisers detected in the nasopharynx rather than on their quantity.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Infecções Bacterianas/patologia , Portador Sadio/microbiologia , Nasofaringe/microbiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/patologia , Adolescente , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Carga Bacteriana/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Respiratórias/microbiologia
9.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 19(Pt 3): 359-65, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22514170

RESUMO

A synchrotron beam has been used to test the spatial resolution of a single-photon-resolving integrating readout-chip coupled to a 320 µm-thick silicon strip sensor with a dedicated readout system. Charge interpolation methods have yielded a spatial resolution of σ(x) ≃ 1.8 µm for a 20 µm-pitch strip.

10.
Oral Dis ; 17(7): 642-52, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21605286

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantify nine selected cariogenic bacteria in plaque from sound root surfaces and initial carious root lesions using TaqMan PCR and to analyse a putative dependence on the kind of initial periodontal treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-four subjects with generalized chronic periodontitis were randomly allocated to one of the following initial periodontal therapies: full-mouth disinfection, full-mouth scaling and root planing or scaling and root planing within 7 days. Plaque samples were taken before and after periodontal treatment and analysed by TaqMan PCR. RESULTS: The quantity of the cariogenic bacteria Actinomyces spp., Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, Lactobacilllus spp., Rothia dentocariosa, Parvimonas micra, Propionibacterium acnes and Neisseria mucosa were significantly higher, while the quantity of Veillonella parvula was significantly lower on initial carious lesions than on the sound surfaces both before and after periodontal therapy. No significant differences could be found in any of the tested bacteria except P. micra on initial carious lesions and sound surfaces for both examinations between the groups. CONCLUSION: All the nine species analysed were found to be present in initial carious root lesions as well as sound root surfaces but in different quantities, independent of the different periodontal therapies.


Assuntos
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/classificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Cárie Radicular/microbiologia , Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Actinomycetaceae/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Carga Bacteriana , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Periodontite Crônica/microbiologia , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Sondas de DNA , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Raspagem Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neisseria mucosa/isolamento & purificação , Peptostreptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Propionibacterium acnes/isolamento & purificação , Aplainamento Radicular , Streptococcus mutans/isolamento & purificação , Streptococcus sobrinus/isolamento & purificação , Taq Polimerase , Raiz Dentária/microbiologia , Veillonella/isolamento & purificação
11.
Ultramicroscopy ; 110(9): 1143-7, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20493634

RESUMO

Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) is a powerful imaging technique, in which a small X-ray probe is raster scanned across a specimen. Complete knowledge of the complex-valued transmission function of the specimen can be gained using detection schemes whose every-day use, however, is often hindered by the need of specialized configured detectors or by slow or noisy readout of area detectors. We report on sub-50 nm-resolution STXM studies in the hard X-ray regime using the PILATUS, a fully pixelated fast framing detector operated in single-photon counting mode. We demonstrate a range of imaging modes, including phase contrast and dark-field imaging.

12.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 16(Pt 3): 368-75, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19395800

RESUMO

PILATUS is a silicon hybrid pixel detector system, operating in single-photon-counting mode, that has been developed at the Paul Scherrer Institut for the needs of macromolecular crystallography at the Swiss Light Source (SLS). A calibrated PILATUS module has been characterized with monochromatic synchrotron radiation. The influence of charge sharing on the count rate and the overall energy resolution of the detector were investigated. The dead-time of the system was determined using the attenuated direct synchrotron beam. A single module detector was also tested in surface diffraction experiments at the SLS, whereby its performance regarding fluorescence suppression and saturation tolerance were evaluated, and have shown to greatly improve the sensitivity, reliability and speed of surface diffraction data acquisition.


Assuntos
Fotometria/instrumentação , Radiometria/instrumentação , Transdutores , Difração de Raios X/instrumentação , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Fotometria/métodos , Fótons , Doses de Radiação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 13(Pt 2): 120-30, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16495612

RESUMO

The PILATUS 1M detector is a hybrid pixel array detector with over one million pixels that operate in single photon counting mode. The detector, designed for macromolecular crystallography, is the largest pixel array detector currently in use at a synchrotron. It is a modular system consisting of 18 multichip modules covering an area of 21 cm x 24 cm. The design of the components as well as the manufacturing of the detector including the bump-bonding was performed at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI). The use of a single photon counting detector for protein crystallography requires detailed studies of the charge collection properties of the silicon sensor. The 18 modules are read out in parallel, leading to a full frame readout-time of 6.7 ms. This allows crystallographic data to be acquired in fine-varphi-slicing mode with continuous rotation of the sample. The detector was tested in several experiments at the protein crystallography beamline X06SA at the Swiss Light Source at PSI. Data were collected both in conventional oscillation mode using the shutter, as well as in a fine-varphi-slicing mode. After applying all the necessary corrections to data from a thaumatin crystal, the processing of the conventional data led to satisfactory merging R-factors of the order of 8.5%. This allows, for the first time, determination of a refined electron density map of a macromolecular biological crystal using a silicon pixel detector.


Assuntos
Cristalografia por Raios X/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Proteínas/química , Silício , Síncrotrons/instrumentação
14.
Vasa ; 34(3): 163-9, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16184834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current debates are focused on inflammatory processes in atherosclerotic lesions as a possible pathomechanism for destabilization and thrombembolism. In this prospective study the role of systemic and local infection in patients with high-grade internal carotid artery stenosis (ICA) was evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serum antibody titers of 109 consecutive patients, who underwent surgery for ICA stenosis (asymptomatic n = 40, symptomatic n = 69) were prospectively measured for Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn) (IgA and IgG), Herpes simplex virus (HSV) (IgG, IgM) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) (IgG, IgM) respectively. 53 carotis plaques of this group (asymptomatic n = 17, symptomatic n = 36) could be analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Cpn-, HSV- and CMV-DNA presence. RESULTS: Seropositivity was found in 61,5% for Cpn, 91,7% for HSV and 72,5% CMV respectively. No significant relation was found between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients as well as no difference was seen for presence of IgA antibodies against Cpn comparing both groups. Plaque-PCR revealed Cpn in 7 cases (13,2%), HSV in 2 cases (3,8%) and no CMV had been detected. Again, no significant relationship was found concerning symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. All 9 PCR-positive plaques displayed lesions of "complicated atherosclerosis" as central fibrous necrosis and calcification or plaque bleeding and surface thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results do not support the hypothesis that systemic Cpn, HSV or CMV- infection or evidence of Cpn-, HSV- or CMV-DNA in carotid plaques causes plaque destabilization and cerebral thromboembolism. Plaque infection could only be observed in cases with advanced atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Herpes Simples/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico , Estenose das Carótidas/virologia , Causalidade , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Chlamydia/virologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/diagnóstico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/virologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Herpes Simples/diagnóstico , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatística como Assunto
15.
Acta Crystallogr A ; 61(Pt 4): 418-25, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15972995

RESUMO

The use of an area detector in grazing-incidence X-ray experiments lends many advantages in terms of both speed and reliability. Here a discussion is given of the procedures established using the PILATUS pixel detector developed at the Swiss Light Source for optimizing data acquisition and analysis of surface diffraction data at the Materials Science beamline, especially with regard to reflectivity measurements, crystal truncation and fractional order rods, and grazing-incidence diffraction experiments.

16.
J Clin Microbiol ; 43(1): 520-2, 2005 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15635034

RESUMO

Chlamydophila pneumoniae is mainly responsible for respiratory tract infections but has also been associated with endocarditis and myocarditis. We report a case of pneumonia in a child with hemorrhagic pericardial effusion with a positive result by a new C. pneumoniae TaqMan PCR, suggesting a pericardial inflammation directly induced by C. pneumoniae. C. pneumoniae should be suspected in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and concurrent pericarditis. Empirical treatment with azithromycin seems feasible.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydophila/complicações , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Pericardite/etiologia , Pericardite/microbiologia , Pneumonia Bacteriana/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Infecções por Chlamydophila/microbiologia , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/classificação , Chlamydophila pneumoniae/genética , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Derrame Pericárdico/microbiologia , Pneumonia Bacteriana/microbiologia
17.
Urologe A ; 42(5): 634-40, 2003 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12750798

RESUMO

This paper provides a short overview of modern, molecular-based diagnostic procedures of urogenital tract infections. Although gaining importance, molecular methods have not yet become a reliable substitution for the classic procedures in terms of costs and quality standards. As an example of a new molecular approach in microbiology, a method for the detection of the most relevant uropathogens in a single PCR is presented. Furthermore, the development of a real time PCR is described.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Infecções Bacterianas/genética , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/diagnóstico , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/genética , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Bactérias/genética , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
18.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 69(3): 1377-82, 2003 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12620819

RESUMO

Derivatives of a cryptic plasmid from Lactobacillus curvatus showed temperature-sensitive replication in thermophilic lactobacilli. The thermosensitive replicon was used to construct the new delivery vector pTN1, which allows site-specific replacement of chromosomal DNA sequences. pTN1 carries an erythromycin resistance marker suitable for selection of single-copy integrants and replicates readily at 35 degrees C, whereas replication is efficiently shut down at 42 degrees C. To demonstrate the functionality of pTN1, the signal transduction genes (nisRK) of the nisin-controlled expression system were integrated downstream of the pepN gene into the chromosome of Lactobacillus gasseri. In the resulting strain, UKLbg1, expression of nisRK was likely driven by cotranscription with pepN and enabled nisin-dependent induction of a fusion of a reporter gene (pepI) to the nisA promoter. The induction rates were correlated with the amount of nisin used, and maximum pepI expression was achieved with nisin concentrations (above 25 ng/ml) at which growth of the bacteria was already inhibited.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Lactobacillus/genética , Nisina/farmacologia , Plasmídeos/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Temperatura , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transformação Bacteriana
19.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 68(11): 5429-36, 2002 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12406734

RESUMO

A food-grade system for the delivery of desired genes to Lactococcus lactis, their inducible expression, and their transfer to related strains was established. Based on the thermosensitive pG(+)host replicon, two types of plasmid vectors were constructed which contained sections of either the chromosomal leu operon of L. lactis or the tel operon from the lactococcal sex factor. Genes cloned into the leu or tel sequences of these vectors were delivered to the homologous regions of the chromosome or the sex factor through two single crossovers, leading to integration of the recombinant plasmids and subsequent excision of the vector portions. Inducible transcription of integrated genes was achieved by using the nisin-controlled expression (NICE) system. To establish the signal transduction genes nisRK in L. lactis, the vectors pLNG1363 (targeted to the chromosome) and pUK500 (targeted to the sex factor) were constructed. Fusions of six different peptidase genes (pep) from Lactobacillus delbrueckii with the nisin-inducible promoter P(nisA) were delivered to the sex factor with derivatives of the vector pUK300. Food-grade recombinants of L. lactis were constructed which had the nisRK genes and individual P(nisA)::pep fusions integrated either separately into the chromosome and the sex factor or simultaneously into the sex factor. With both types of recombinants, expression of P(nisA)::pep fusions after induction with nisin was demonstrated. Depending on the loci used for integration of nisRK, variable induction rates were observed. Furthermore, an engineered sex factor carrying a P(nisA)::pepI fusion was transfered by conjugation between two strains of L. lactis at a frequency of 4 x 10(-4).


Assuntos
Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Lactococcus lactis/genética , Nisina/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Lactococcus lactis/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
20.
Mol Microbiol ; 41(1): 279-87, 2001 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11454219

RESUMO

Histidine triad nucleotide-binding (HinT) proteins are dimeric proteins that bind to purines and are found in all three kingdoms: the eukarya, bacteria and archaea. In eukaryotes, HinT proteins have been detected intracellularly, but their function is unknown. Until now, knowledge about HinT proteins in prokaryotes was restricted to sequence similarities and nucleotide-binding studies. In this study, we provide evidence that, in the cell wall-less prokaryote, Mycoplasma hominis, the gene encoding the HinT protein forms an operon with two other genes. These genes encode the species-specific membrane proteins, P60 and P80, which are associated within the mycoplasma membrane. The finding that HinT interacts with this complex by binding to P80 provides novel insight into the organization of bacterial HinT proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Citosol/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mycoplasma hominis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Lipoproteínas/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mycoplasma hominis/genética , Mycoplasma hominis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testes de Precipitina , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
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