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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the marked clinical and biological responses of a targeted treatment with anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6)-receptor antibody and Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors in a patient with a severe, corticoresistant CNS toxicity of immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy. METHODS: A 58-year-old man was admitted for subacute paraparesis, urinary retention, and ascending paresthesia. He was under treatment with ipilimumab and nivolumab for metastatic melanoma. Spine MRI disclosed multiple T2-hyperintense, contrast-enhancing longitudinally extensive lesions. A diagnosis of ICI-related acute transverse myelitis was made. RESULTS: ICIs were immediately discontinued, and the patient received high-dose glucocorticoids plus 1 session of plasma exchange, but he did not improve. Based on the marked elevation of CSF IL-6 (505 pg/mL), a second-line targeted therapy with anti-IL-6-receptor tocilizumab (8 mg/kg/mo for 3 infusions) plus JAK inhibitor ruxolitinib (50 mg/d) was administered. Patient neurologic status started to improve shortly after, with corresponding radiologic resolution. At 9 months, the patient was able to walk independently, presenting only slight residual disability while remaining in oncologic partial response. DISCUSSION: Our case suggests that some patients with severe, corticoresistant CNS immune-related toxicities of ICIs may benefit from cytokine blockade. Cytokine measurement in serum and CSF might help in selecting patients for personalized treatment strategies.

3.
Blood ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424959

RESUMO

Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous disease characterized by an abnormal accumulation of mast cells (MCs) in one or several organs. Although a somatic KIT D816V mutation is detected in ~85% of patients, attempts to demonstrate its oncogenic effect alone have repeatedly failed, suggesting that additional pathways are involved in MC transformation. From three children presenting with both Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS, MIM#175700) and congenital mastocytosis, we demonstrated the involvement of the hedgehog (Hh) pathway in mastocytosis. GCPS is an extremely rare syndrome resulting from haploinsufficiency of GLI3, the major repressor of Hh family members. From these familial cases of mastocytosis, we demonstrate that the Hh pathway is barely active in normal primary MCs and overactive in neoplastic MCs. We show that GLI3 and KIT mutations have a synergistic, tumorigenic effect on the onset of mastocytosis in a GCPS mouse model. Finally, we show that Hh inhibitors suppress neoplastic MC proliferation in vitro and extend the survival time of aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM) mice. This work revealed, for the first time, the involvement of Hh signaling in the pathophysiology of mastocytosis and demonstrated the cooperative effects of the KIT and Hh oncogenic pathways in ASM, leading to the identification of new promising therapeutic targets.

4.
Ann Hematol ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387741

RESUMO

Patients treated for adult T-Cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) have a poor prognosis and are prone to infectious complications which are poorly described. As the French reference center for ATL, we retrospectively analyzed 47 consecutive ATL (acute, n = 23; lymphoma, n = 14; chronic, n = 8; smoldering, n = 2) patients between 2006 and 2016 (median age 51 years, 96% Afro-Caribbean origin). The 3-year overall survival (OS) was 15.8%, 11.3%, and 85.7% for acute, lymphoma, and indolent (chronic and smoldering) forms respectively. Among aggressive subtypes, 20 patients received, as frontline therapy, high dose of zidovudine and interferon alfa (AZT-IFN⍺) resulting in an overall response rate (ORR) of 39% (complete response [CR] 33%) and 17 chemotherapy resulting of an ORR of 59% (CR 50%). Ninety-five infections occurred in 38 patients, most of whom had an acute subtype (n = 73/95; 77%). During their follow-up, patients receiving frontline chemotherapy or frontline AZT-IFNα developed infections in 74% (n = 14/19) and 89% (n = 24/27) of the cases respectively. Sixty-four (67%) of infections were microbiologically documented. Among them, invasive fungal infections (IFI, n = 11) included 2 Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, 5 invasive aspergillosis, and 4 yeast fungemia. IFI exclusively occurred in patients with acute subtype mostly exposed to AZT-IFNα (n = 10/11) and experiencing prolonged (> 10 days) grade 4 neutropenia. Patients with aggressive subtype experiencing IFI had a lower OS than those who did not (median OS 5.4 months versus 18.4 months, p = 0.0048). ATL patients have a poor prognosis even in the modern era. Moreover, the high rate of infections impacts their management especially those exposed to AZT-IFNα.

5.
J Vet Intern Med ; 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Differentiation of low-grade intestinal T-cell lymphoma (LGITL) from lymphoplasmacytic enteritis (LPE) in cats is a diagnostic challenge for pathologists. OBJECTIVE: Characterize histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of LGITL and LPE. ANIMALS: Forty-four client-owned cats, 22 diagnosed with LGITL and 22 with LPE. METHODS: Prospective, cohort study. Clinical suspicion of LGITL or LPE was based on persistent gastrointestinal signs, unresponsive to empirical treatments. All cats underwent a standardized diagnostic evaluation, including biopsy (preferentially full-thickness), and were diagnosed with LGITL or LPE after review of clinical, laboratory, sonographic, histologic, immunohistochemical, and clonality results. RESULTS: A monomorphic lymphocytic population (22/22, 100%) and in-depth mucosal infiltration (15/22, 68%) were hallmarks of LGITL. Epithelial patterns (nests and plaques) were significantly more frequent in LGITL (11/22, 50%) than in LPE (1/22, 5%) cases (P = .001). A CD3+ lymphocytic apical-to-basal gradient was observed in 9/22 (41%) of LGITL vs 1/22 (5%) of LPE cases (P = .004). Most LPE cases (17/18, 94%) featured marked fibrosis in the superficial part of the lamina propria. The Ki-67 20%- and 30%-thresholds discriminated between LGITL and LPE within both the epithelium (specificity >95%) and lamina propria (specificity >95%), respectively. All LGITL cases were CD3+ pSTAT3- and pSTAT5+. T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangements indicated monoclonality in 86% of LGITL cases. Surprisingly, 70% of LPE cases featured monoclonality (40%) or monoclonality on a polyclonal background (30%). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: We identified new histologic, immunohistochemical, and clonality criteria to distinguish LGITL from LPE.

6.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 9(1): 136, 2021 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389060

RESUMO

Degeneration of motor neurons, glial cell reactivity, and vascular alterations in the CNS are important neuropathological features of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Immune cells trafficking from the blood also infiltrate the affected CNS parenchyma and contribute to neuroinflammation. Mast cells (MCs) are hematopoietic-derived immune cells whose precursors differentiate upon migration into tissues. Upon activation, MCs undergo degranulation with the ability to increase vascular permeability, orchestrate neuroinflammation and modulate the neuroimmune response. However, the prevalence, pathological significance, and pharmacology of MCs in the CNS of ALS patients remain largely unknown. In autopsy ALS spinal cords, we identified for the first time that MCs express c-Kit together with chymase, tryptase, and Cox-2 and display granular or degranulating morphology, as compared with scarce MCs in control cords. In ALS, MCs were mainly found in the niche between spinal motor neuron somas and nearby microvascular elements, and they displayed remarkable pathological abnormalities. Similarly, MCs accumulated in the motor neuron-vascular niche of ALS murine models, in the vicinity of astrocytes and motor neurons expressing the c-Kit ligand stem cell factor (SCF), suggesting an SCF/c-Kit-dependent mechanism of MC differentiation from precursors. Mechanistically, we provide evidence that fully differentiated MCs in cell cultures can be generated from the murine ALS spinal cord tissue, further supporting the presence of c-Kit+ MC precursors. Moreover, intravenous administration of bone marrow-derived c-Kit+ MC precursors infiltrated the spinal cord in ALS mice but not in controls, consistent with aberrant trafficking through a defective microvasculature. Pharmacological inhibition of c-Kit with masitinib in ALS mice reduced the MC number and the influx of MC precursors from the periphery. Our results suggest a previously unknown pathogenic mechanism triggered by MCs in the ALS motor neuron-vascular niche that might be targeted pharmacologically.

7.
JAMA ; 326(6): 499-518, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228774

RESUMO

Importance: Clinical trials assessing the efficacy of IL-6 antagonists in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 have variously reported benefit, no effect, and harm. Objective: To estimate the association between administration of IL-6 antagonists compared with usual care or placebo and 28-day all-cause mortality and other outcomes. Data Sources: Trials were identified through systematic searches of electronic databases between October 2020 and January 2021. Searches were not restricted by trial status or language. Additional trials were identified through contact with experts. Study Selection: Eligible trials randomly assigned patients hospitalized for COVID-19 to a group in whom IL-6 antagonists were administered and to a group in whom neither IL-6 antagonists nor any other immunomodulators except corticosteroids were administered. Among 72 potentially eligible trials, 27 (37.5%) met study selection criteria. Data Extraction and Synthesis: In this prospective meta-analysis, risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool. Inconsistency among trial results was assessed using the I2 statistic. The primary analysis was an inverse variance-weighted fixed-effects meta-analysis of odds ratios (ORs) for 28-day all-cause mortality. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality at 28 days after randomization. There were 9 secondary outcomes including progression to invasive mechanical ventilation or death and risk of secondary infection by 28 days. Results: A total of 10 930 patients (median age, 61 years [range of medians, 52-68 years]; 3560 [33%] were women) participating in 27 trials were included. By 28 days, there were 1407 deaths among 6449 patients randomized to IL-6 antagonists and 1158 deaths among 4481 patients randomized to usual care or placebo (summary OR, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.79-0.95]; P = .003 based on a fixed-effects meta-analysis). This corresponds to an absolute mortality risk of 22% for IL-6 antagonists compared with an assumed mortality risk of 25% for usual care or placebo. The corresponding summary ORs were 0.83 (95% CI, 0.74-0.92; P < .001) for tocilizumab and 1.08 (95% CI, 0.86-1.36; P = .52) for sarilumab. The summary ORs for the association with mortality compared with usual care or placebo in those receiving corticosteroids were 0.77 (95% CI, 0.68-0.87) for tocilizumab and 0.92 (95% CI, 0.61-1.38) for sarilumab. The ORs for the association with progression to invasive mechanical ventilation or death, compared with usual care or placebo, were 0.77 (95% CI, 0.70-0.85) for all IL-6 antagonists, 0.74 (95% CI, 0.66-0.82) for tocilizumab, and 1.00 (95% CI, 0.74-1.34) for sarilumab. Secondary infections by 28 days occurred in 21.9% of patients treated with IL-6 antagonists vs 17.6% of patients treated with usual care or placebo (OR accounting for trial sample sizes, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.85-1.16). Conclusions and Relevance: In this prospective meta-analysis of clinical trials of patients hospitalized for COVID-19, administration of IL-6 antagonists, compared with usual care or placebo, was associated with lower 28-day all-cause mortality. Trial Registration: PROSPERO Identifier: CRD42021230155.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/mortalidade , COVID-19/terapia , Causas de Morte , Coinfecção , Progressão da Doença , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Respiração Artificial
9.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 86, 2021 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human T cell Leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-I) is etiologically linked to adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and an inflammatory neurodegenerative disease called HTLV-I-associated myelopathy or tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). The exact genetic or epigenetic events and/or environmental factors that influence the development of ATL, or HAM/TSP diseases are largely unknown. The tumor suppressor gene, Fragile Histidine Triad Diadenosine Triphosphatase (FHIT), is frequently lost in cancer through epigenetic modifications and/or deletion. FHIT is a tumor suppressor acting as genome caretaker by regulating cellular DNA repair. Indeed, FHIT loss leads to replicative stress and accumulation of double DNA strand breaks. Therefore, loss of FHIT expression plays a key role in cellular transformation. METHODS: Here, we studied over 400 samples from HTLV-I-infected individuals with ATL, TSP/HAM, or asymptomatic carriers (AC) for FHIT loss and expression. We examined the epigenetic status of FHIT through methylation specific PCR and bisulfite sequencing; and correlated these results to FHIT expression in patient samples. RESULTS: We found that epigenetic alteration of FHIT is specifically found in chronic and acute ATL but is absent in asymptomatic HTLV-I carriers and TSP/HAM patients' samples. Furthermore, the extent of FHIT methylation in ATL patients was quantitatively comparable in virus-infected and virus non-infected cells. We also found that longitudinal HTLV-I carriers that progressed to smoldering ATL and descendants of ATL patients harbor FHIT methylation. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that germinal epigenetic mutation of FHIT represents a preexisting mark predisposing to the development of ATL diseases. These findings have important clinical implications as patients with acute ATL are rarely cured. Our study suggests an alternative strategy to the current "wait and see approach" in that early screening of HTLV-I-infected individuals for germinal epimutation of FHIT and early treatment may offer significant clinical benefits.

10.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 288, 2021 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) targets B-cells where it establishes a latent infection. EBV can transform B-cells in vitro and is recognized as an oncogenic virus, especially in the setting of immune compromise. Indeed, immunodeficient patients may fail to control chronic EBV infection, leading to the development EBV-driven lymphoid malignancies. Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is a primary immune deficiency caused by mutations in the ATM gene, involved in the repair of double-strand breaks. Patients with AT are at high risk of developing cancers, mostly B-cell lymphoid malignancies, most of which being EBV-related. Aside from immune deficiency secondary to AT, loss of ATM function could also hinder the control of the virus within B-cells, favoring lymphomagenesis in AT patients. RESULTS: We used RNA sequencing on lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from patients with AT and healthy donors to analyze and compare both cellular and viral gene expression. We found numerous deregulated signaling pathways involving transcription, translation, oncogenesis and immune regulation. Specifically, the translational defect was confirmed in vitro, suggesting that the pathogenesis of AT may also involve a ribosomal defect. Concomitant analysis of viral gene expression did not reveal significant differential gene expression, however, analysis of EBV interactome suggests that the viral latency genes EBNA-3A, EBNA-3C and LMP1 may be disrupted in LCL from AT patients. CONCLUSION: Our data support the notion that ATM deficiency deregulates cellular gene expression possibly disrupting interactions with EBV latent genes, promoting the oncogenic potential of the virus. These preliminary findings provide a new step towards the understanding of EBV regulation and of AT pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Ataxia Telangiectasia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr , Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , RNA , Análise de Sequência de RNA
11.
Exp Hematol ; 99: 12-20.e3, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34077792

RESUMO

Red blood cell production, or erythropoiesis, is a proliferative process that requires tight regulation. Erythropoietin (Epo) is a glycoprotein cytokine that plays a major role in erythropoiesis by triggering erythroid progenitors/precursors of varying sensitivity. The concentration of Epo in bone marrow is hypothesized to be suboptimal, and the survival of erythroid cells has been suggested to depend on Epo sensitivity. However, the key factors that control Epo sensitivity remain unknown. Two types of transferrin receptors (TfRs), TfR1 and TfR2, are known to play a role in iron uptake in erythroid cells. Here, we hypothesized that TfRs may additionally modulate Epo sensitivity during erythropoiesis by modulating Epo receptor (EpoR) signaling. Using an Epo-sensitive UT-7 (UT7/Epo) erythroid cell and human erythroid progenitor cell models, we report that iron-loaded transferrin, that is, holo-transferrin (holo-Tf), synergizes with suboptimal Epo levels to improve erythroid cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation. This is accomplished via the major signaling pathways of erythropoiesis, which include signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5), mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK), and phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT. Furthermore, we found that this cooperation is improved by, but does not require, the internalization of TfR1. Interestingly, we observed that loss of TfR2 stabilizes EpoR levels and abolishes the beneficial effects of holo-Tf. Overall, these data reveal novel signaling properties of TfRs, which involve the regulation of erythropoiesis through EpoR signaling.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166845

RESUMO

In recent years, knowledge about mechanisms underlying mast cell activation (MCA) and accumulation in various pathologic conditions increased substantially. In addition, criteria and a classification of MCA syndromes (MCASs) have been set forth. MCAS is defined by typical clinical symptoms, a substantial increase in serum tryptase level during an attack over the patient's baseline tryptase, and a response of the symptoms to drugs targeting mast cells, mediator production, and/or mediator effects. Alternative diagnostic criteria of MCAS have also been suggested, but these alternative criteria often lack specificity and validation. In this report, we critically review the contemporary literature relating to MCAS and compare the specificity, sensitivity, and strength of MCAS-related parameters within proposals to diagnose and classify MCAS and its variants. Furthermore, we highlight the need to apply specific consensus criteria in the evaluation and classification of MCAS in individual patients. This is an urgent and important medical necessity because as an increasing number of patients are being given a misdiagnosis of MCAS based on nonspecific criteria, which contributes to confusion and frustration by patients and caregivers and sometimes may delay recognition and treatment of correct medical conditions that often turn out to be unrelated to MCA.

13.
Blood ; 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974006

RESUMO

Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a KIT-driven hematopoietic neoplasm characterized by the excessive accumulation of neoplastic mast cells (MCs) in various organs and, mainly, the bone marrow (BM). Multiple genetic and epigenetic mechanisms contribute to the onset and severity of SM. However, little is known to date about the metabolic underpinnings underlying SM aggressiveness, which has thus far impeded the development of strategies to leverage metabolic dependencies when existing KIT-targeted treatments fail. Here, we show that plasma metabolomic profiles were able to discriminate indolent from advanced forms of the disease. We identified N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) as the most predictive metabolite of SM severity. High plasma levels of GlcNAc in patients with advanced SM correlated with the activation of the GlcNAc-fed hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) in patients BM aspirates and purified BM MCs. At the functional level, GlcNAc enhanced human neoplastic MCs proliferation and promoted rapid health deterioration in a humanized mouse model of SM. In addition, in the presence of GlcNAc, immunoglobulin E-stimulated MCs triggered enhanced release of proinflammatory cytokines and a stronger acute response in a mouse model of passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. Mechanistically, elevated GlcNAc levels promoted the transcriptional accessibility of chromatin regions that contain genes encoding mediators of receptor tyrosine kinases cascades and inflammatory responses, thus leading to a more aggressive phenotype. Therefore, GlcNAc is an oncometabolite driver of SM aggressiveness. This study suggests the therapeutic potential for targeting metabolic pathways in MC-related diseases to manipulate MCs effector functions.

16.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 97, 2021 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823910

RESUMO

The integration of a viral genome into the host genome has a major impact on the trajectory of the infected cell. Integration location and variation within the associated viral genome can influence both clonal expansion and persistence of infected cells. Methods based on short-read sequencing can identify viral insertion sites, but the sequence of the viral genomes within remains unobserved. We develop PCIP-seq, a method that leverages long reads to identify insertion sites and sequence their associated viral genome. We apply the technique to exogenous retroviruses HTLV-1, BLV, and HIV-1, endogenous retroviruses, and human papillomavirus.

17.
Sci Transl Med ; 13(587)2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790022

RESUMO

The development and survival of cancer cells require adaptive mechanisms to stress. Such adaptations can confer intrinsic vulnerabilities, enabling the selective targeting of cancer cells. Through a pooled in vivo short hairpin RNA (shRNA) screen, we identified the adenosine triphosphatase associated with diverse cellular activities (AAA-ATPase) valosin-containing protein (VCP) as a top stress-related vulnerability in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We established that AML was the most responsive disease to chemical inhibition of VCP across a panel of 16 cancer types. The sensitivity to VCP inhibition of human AML cell lines, primary patient samples, and syngeneic and xenograft mouse models of AML was validated using VCP-directed shRNAs, overexpression of a dominant-negative VCP mutant, and chemical inhibition. By combining mass spectrometry-based analysis of the VCP interactome and phospho-signaling studies, we determined that VCP is important for ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase activation and subsequent DNA repair through homologous recombination in AML. A second-generation VCP inhibitor, CB-5339, was then developed and characterized. Efficacy and safety of CB-5339 were validated in multiple AML models, including syngeneic and patient-derived xenograft murine models. We further demonstrated that combining DNA-damaging agents, such as anthracyclines, with CB-5339 treatment synergizes to impair leukemic growth in an MLL-AF9-driven AML murine model. These studies support the clinical testing of CB-5339 as a single agent or in combination with standard-of-care DNA-damaging chemotherapy for the treatment of AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reparo do DNA , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Proteína com Valosina
19.
Am J Hematol ; 96(7): 834-845, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864708

RESUMO

We evaluated the outcome of 65 French patients with Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (19 allogeneic and 46 autologous). Fifty-four patients (83%), most of which receiving L-asparaginase (L-aspa) containing regimens (81%), achieved complete or partial response at time of HCST. After a median follow-up of 79.9 months, 4-years progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar in both autologous and allogeneic groups (PFS: 34% vs. 26%, p = .12 and OS: 52% vs. 53%, p = .74). Response status at HSCT was the major independent prognostic factor on survival (OS: HR: 4.013 [1.137; 14.16], p = .031 and PFS: HR: 5.231 [1.625; 16.838], p = .006). As compared to control patients receiving chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy containing regimens only, upfront HSCT did not improve the outcome of responder patients, including those treated by L-aspa. However, it tends to provide survival benefit for relapsed patients with initial high-risk clinical features who achieved second remission. Whereas the place of HSCT in upfront therapy has still to be clarified, these data confirm that HSCT should be considered for consolidation in selected patients with relapsed ENKTL. Based on a large non Asian ENKTL cohort since the L-aspa era, this study provides some insight into the survival patterns of ENKTL patients with HSCT in the Western hemisphere and may give future direction for the next clinical trial design.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/terapia , Neoplasias Nasais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasais/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Exp Med ; 218(7)2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890986

RESUMO

Patients with biallelic loss-of-function variants of AIRE suffer from autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 (APS-1) and produce a broad range of autoantibodies (auto-Abs), including circulating auto-Abs neutralizing most type I interferons (IFNs). These auto-Abs were recently reported to account for at least 10% of cases of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia in the general population. We report 22 APS-1 patients from 21 kindreds in seven countries, aged between 8 and 48 yr and infected with SARS-CoV-2 since February 2020. The 21 patients tested had auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-α subtypes and/or IFN-ω; one had anti-IFN-ß and another anti-IFN-ε, but none had anti-IFN-κ. Strikingly, 19 patients (86%) were hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia, including 15 (68%) admitted to an intensive care unit, 11 (50%) who required mechanical ventilation, and four (18%) who died. Ambulatory disease in three patients (14%) was possibly accounted for by prior or early specific interventions. Preexisting auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs in APS-1 patients confer a very high risk of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia at any age.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Pneumonia/imunologia , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
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