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1.
Eat Weight Disord ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929621

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluate dietary habits and the presence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) among female adolescents with varying severity of bulimic symptomatology. METHODS: An explanatory study was conducted with 72 female school adolescents with bulimic symptomatology, aged 15-18 years in Southeastern Brazil. Dietary habits were evaluated through a food frequency questionnaire. Bulimic symptomatology was evaluated and classified (mild, moderate and severe) according to the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh. ETW examinations were performed. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, Kruskal-Wallis/Mann-Whitney tests and Poisson regression. Ethical approval and informed consents were obtained. RESULTS: The final population consisted of 62 participants. The prevalence of ETW differed among adolescents with mild, moderate and severe bulimic symptomatology (p = 0.001), corresponding to 5.9%, 8.0% and 45.0%, respectively. Adolescents with severe bulimic symptomatology presented higher daily consumption of acidic food: citric fruits (p < 0.005), diet soda (p < 0.009) and ketchup (p = 0.004). No difference related to vomiting practices was observed between groups (p = 0.060). The adjusted regression model showed that a higher prevalence of ETW was associated with self-induced vomit at least once a week (PR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.00-5.86, p = 0.05) and higher frequencies of consumption of citric fruits (PR = 7.96, 95% CI = 1.50-42.11, p = 0.015) and diet soda (PR = 2.32, 95% CI = 1.09-4.91, p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: It was the food choices (acidic food) and not purging practices that differed among adolescents with varying severity of bulimic symptomology. Likewise, higher consumption of citric fruits was the main factor associated with higher prevalence of ETW. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III case-control analytic study.

3.
J Evid Based Med ; 12(4): 313-324, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482694

RESUMO

AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare adipokines' levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva between individuals with obesity and individuals without obesity. METHODS: Computerized searches were conducted in four electronic databases (PubMed, Medline via Ovid, Web of Science, and Scopus). Manual searches and a Google Scholar search, limiting the search to the first 100 hits, were also conducted. Two calibrated authors performed the study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment of included articles. The quality of the included articles was evaluated using the University of Adelaide Tool. RESULTS: The electronic searches retrieved 929 titles/abstracts. Following the removal of duplicated references, 613 titles/abstracts were assessed. Thirty-four articles were included. Meta-analysis demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) concentration in saliva was statistically increased in individuals with obesity compared with individuals without obesity (P < 0.05). By contrast, the meta-analysis showed no difference in the concentrations of resistin, adiponectin, leptin, ghrelin, and interleukin 6 in saliva and of resistin, adiponectin, leptin, interleukin 6, interleukin 8, tumor necrosis factor α, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 in GCF between individuals with and without obesity (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with obesity presented higher levels of TNF-α in saliva than individuals without obesity. TNF-α in saliva sampling may be a helpful marker for obesity. For the other adipokines, no difference was observed, but the limited availability and heterogeneity of data do not allow us to assertively state whether changes of adipokines in GCF and saliva are associated with obesity.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/metabolismo , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Humanos
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 3(3): 9-18, Sept.-Dec. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1021967

RESUMO

Introduction: Erosive tooth wear (ETW) is defined as a chemical-mechanical process leading to the cumulative loss of hard dental tissue without the involvement of bacteria. Objective: to give to clinicians an overview about most important ETW topics. Data source: main scientific data base (PubMed, Lilacs) in the last 10 years, with the keywords: dental erosion, diagnosis and prevention. Classical articles were selected for the realization of an integrative literature review. Data synthesis : the prevalence of ETW has been reported to range from 10% to 80% in children and 4% to 82% in adults. The management of ETW should include early diagnosis, the evaluation of different etiological factors, risk identification and the proposal of preventive measures to avoid the progression of the condition. These measures include fluoride exposure, use of low abrasive toothpastes, clinical monitoring, and in more severe cases sealant application and restorations. Patients suffering from eating disorders with purging behaviour and gastroesophageal reflux disease are considered the most important risk groups. Conclusion : Clinicians should be aware of this condition with growing prevalence, once substance loss is an irreversible condition, providing prompt preventive measures during the early stages that are essential to reduce ETW.


Introdução: O Desgaste Dentário Erosivo é definido como um processo químico- mecânico que leva a uma perda cumulativa de tecido dentário duro, sem que ocorra o envolvimento de bactérias. Objetivo : atualizar os cirurgiões-dentistas sobre os principais tópicos a respeito do Desgaste Dentário Erosivo. Fonte de dados: principais bases científicas (PubMed, Lilacs) nos últimos 10 anos, com as palavras-chave: erosão dentária, diagnóstico e prevenção. Foram selecionados os artigos clássicos sobre o tema para a realização da revisão integrativa de literatura. Síntese de dados : A prevalência de Desgaste Dentário Erosivo tem sido reportada na literatura em porcentagens que variam de 10% a 80% em crianças e de 4% a 82% em adultos. A abordagem clínica do Desgaste Dentário Erosivo deve incluir um diagnóstico precoce, a avaliação dos diferentes fatores etiológicos, a identificação do risco e a proposta de medidas preventivas para retardar a progressão dessa condição. Essas medidas incluem a aplicação de fluoretos, o uso de dentifrícios com baixa abrasividade, monitoramento clínico e, em casos mais graves, a aplicação de selantes e procedimentos restauradores. Pacientes diagnosticados com transtornos alimentares ou com refluxo gastroesofágico são considerados um dos grupos de risco mais importantes para o desenvolvimento dessa condição. Conclusão: Os clínicos devem estar atentos a essa condição de prevalência crescente, uma vez que a perda de estrutura dentária é irreversível, promovendo medidas preventivas eficazes, desde os estágios iniciais, contribuindo assim para o controle e redução do Desgaste Dentário Erosivo entre seus pacientes.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Desgaste dos Dentes/diagnóstico , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/prevenção & controle
5.
Sleep Sci ; 11(2): 118-122, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083300

RESUMO

Mandibular advancement device (MAD) has been described as an alternative treatment to the severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), once it is not as effective as the continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP) in reducing the apnea and hypopnea index (AHI). The objective of this study is to report a case using a MAD in a CPAP-intolerant patient suffering from severe OSA. Polysomnography exams were performed before and after treatment. Five months after fitting and titrating the MAD, the AHI was reduced from 80.5 events/hour to 14.6 events/hour and the minimum oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2) increased from 46% to 83%. A two-year assessment of therapy revealed an AHI of 8 events/hour and SpO2 of 85%.

6.
Sleep Breath ; 22(1): 91-98, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28702829

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two types of oral appliance (OA) in the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and their impact on the reduction of obstructive, central and mixed apneas. METHODS: Forty-eight patients suffering from severe OSAS with a history of non-adherence to positive airway pressure therapy were treated with OA (lingual orthosis and combined orthosis). Polysomnography exams were performed before and after treatment. Computed tomography and cephalometric radiography were requested for all patients to evaluate the titrated position of the OA and the airspace obtained. Statistical tests used the Minitab, version 17, program. The level of statistical significance was 5%. RESULTS: Before treatment, the mean AHI was 56.3 ± 19.1 events/h. It decreased to 8.1 ± 5.2 after the OA titration (p ≤ 0.001). There was a significant reduction in obstructive events from 43.0 ± 20.2 to 7.1 ± 4.6 events/h (p ≤ 0.001). The reduction in central events after OA treatment was also significant (from 5.1 ± 9.3 to 0.8 ± 1.9 events/h; p ≤ 0.001), whereas that in mixed events decreased from 6.4 ± 9.5 to 0.1 ± 0.3 events/h (p ≤ 0.001). The minimum oxygen saturation also showed significant improvement after treatment (p ≤ 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between both OA with respect to central events (p = 0.22) or mixed events (p = 0.98). CONCLUSION: The treatment was effective in reducing obstructive events which were evaluated through the AHI and minimum oxygen saturation. The oral appliances also normalized central and mixed events among patients with severe OSAS.


Assuntos
Avanço Mandibular/classificação , Avanço Mandibular/instrumentação , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Cefalometria , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Arq. odontol ; 54: 1-8, jan.-dez. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-967602

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the respiratory parameters among patients diagnosed with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome treated with a novel design of an oral appliance (OA): a lingual orthosis. Methods: A case series study was conducted with 11 patients suffering from severe OSA, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 30 events/h. All patients underwent pre- and post-treatment overnight polysomnography and were diagnosed by a physician based on polysomnography indexes. All selected patients had a history of nonadherence to continuous positive airway pressure devices. Results: Before treatment, the mean AHI of the sample was 65.9 ± 30.5. After reaching the optimal OA titration, the polysomnography (PSG) showed an average AHI of 10.1 ± 5.5 (p<0.001). There was a significant reduction in obstructive events that decreased from 60.0 ± 31.7 to 8.5 ± 3.8 events/hour (p<0.001). The minimal oxyhemoglobin saturation showed significant improvement after the OA treatment, increasing from 74.3 ± 7.8 to 83.4 ± 4.9 (p<0.05). Conclusion: Lingual orthosis was effective in resolving severe OSAS, showing satisfactory results within the present sample. Further studies are needed in order to broaden the knowledge regarding the effectiveness of this oral appliance.


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os parâmetros respiratórios de pacientes diagnosticados com síndrome de apneia obstrutiva do sono (SAOS) de gravidade severa, tratados com um novo tipo de aparelho intraoral (AIO): uma órtese lingual. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo de série de casos com 11 pacientes que sofriam de SAOS grave, índice de apneia-hipopnéia (IAH) > 30 eventos/ h. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a polissonografia (PSG) de noite inteira pré e pós-tratamento e foram diagnosticados por um médico com base nos índices da PSG. Todos os pacientes selecionados apresentaram história de não adesão para dispositivos de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas. Resultados: Antes do tratamento, o IAH médio da amostra foi de 65,9 ± 30,5. Depois de atingir a titulação ótima do AIO, a PSG mostrou um IAH médio de 10,1 ± 5,5 (p < 0,001). Houve uma redução significativa nos eventos obstrutivos que diminuíram de 60,0 ± 31,7 para 8,5 ± 3,8 eventos / hora (p < 0,001). A saturação mínima de oxihemoglobina mostrou melhora significativa após o tratamento, tendo sofrido um aumento de 74,3 ± 7,8 para 83,4 ± 4,9 (p < 0,05). Conclusão: A órtese lingual foi efetiva no tratamento da SAOS grave, mostrando resultados satisfatórios para a amostra atual. São necessários mais estudos para ampliar o conhecimento sobre a eficácia deste AIO.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortopédicos , Sistema Respiratório , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Relatos de Casos
8.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2016. 111 p. ilus.
Tese em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-915617

RESUMO

Os distúrbios alimentares possuem uma etiologia multifatorial, composta de predisposições socioculturais, genéticas e vulnerabilidades biológicas e psicológicas. Entre os fatores predisponentes, destacam-se os padrões de interação presentes no ambiente familiar e o contexto sociocultural, caracterizado pela extrema valorização do corpo. A presença de algumas condições bucais, como o desgaste dentário erosivo e a cárie dentária, pode estar relacionada à ocorrência de distúrbios alimentares, como a bulimia nervosa (BN). Pesquisas sobre fatores de risco favorecem a análise oportuna de possíveis sinais e sintomas e, consequentemente, o estabelecimento de condutas preventivas. Este trabalho objetivou comparar a ocorrência do desgaste dentário erosivo e da cárie dentária em adolescentes com e sem comportamento de risco para BN, e investigar a influência de hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal na ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo e da cárie dentária. Aprovação ética e termos de consentimento foram obtidos. A amostra foi composta por 225 escolares do sexo feminino, na faixa etária de 15 a 18 anos, oriundas de escolas das redes pública e particular de ensino de Belo Horizonte, no sudeste do Brasil. O comportamento de risco para BN foi avaliado segundo as subescalas de sintomas e gravidade dos sintomas da versão brasileira do Teste de Investigação Bulímica de Edinburgh (BITE) sendo categorizado em: hábito alimentar normal, comportamento de risco clinicamente significante e grave comportamento de risco. Os hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal foram avaliados através de questionários autoaplicáveis. O desgaste dentário erosivo e a cárie dentária foram avaliados através dos índices de O'Sullivan e ICDAS II, respectivamente, por uma examinadora previamente calibrada (Kappa intra-examinador: 0,90 e 0,81; Kappa inter-examinadores: 0,88 e 0,83, referentes à erosão e à cárie dentária). Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, através do software SPSS 18.0 (p<0,05). Através do modelo de regressão logística constatou-se que o grave comportamento de risco para a BN foi associado com o desgaste dentário erosivo (OR = 8,31; IC 95% = 3,91-16,91), e com adolescentes provenientes de escolas privadas (OR = 3,11 IC 95% = 1,44-6,45), mas não com a cárie dentária (OR = 1,13, IC 95% = 0,72-1,73). O comportamento de risco clinicamente significante para bulimia não foi associado às condições bucais avaliadas (p>0,05). Com relação aos hábitos alimentares, o desgaste dentário erosivo foi associado ao consumo diário de frutas cítricas (p<0,009) e refrigerantes com açúcar (p<0,046), enquanto a cárie dentária foi associada ao consumo diário de biscoitos recheados (p<0,049). O hábito de escovar os dentes imediatamente após as refeições foi estatisticamente associado à ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo no grupo com grave comportamento de risco para BN (p=0,047). O comportamento de risco para BN, caracterizado como clinicamente significante, não foi associado com implicações dentárias, mas o grave comportamento de risco para BN foi associado com a ocorrência de desgaste dentário erosivo. Hábitos alimentares e de higiene bucal foram associados à presença de desgaste dentário erosivo e cárie dentária


Eating disorders have a multifactorial etiology, composed of sociocultural and genetic predispositions as well as biological and psychological vulnerabilities. Among the predisposing factors, it is important to highlight the interaction patterns present in the family environment and the sociocultural context characterized by the overvaluation of the body and beauty standards. The presence of some dental implications such as erosive tooth wear and dental caries may be related to the occurrence of eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa (BN). Research on eating disorders' risk factors favors the timely analysis of possible signs and symptoms and, consequently, the establishment of preventive measures. This study aimed to compare the occurrence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries in adolescents with and without risk factor for BN, and investigate the influence of dietary habits and oral hygiene practices with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries. Ethical approval and written consent forms were obtained. The sample consisted of female students, aged 15-18 years, from private and public schools in Belo Horizonte, southeastern Brazil. Risk behavior for BN was evaluated according to the subscales of symptoms and severity of the Brazilian version of the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) and classified in normal eaten behavior, clinically significant bulimic risk behavior and severe bulimic risk behavior. Eating habits and oral hygiene practices were assessed using validated self-report questionnaires. Erosive tooth wear and dental caries were evaluated by the O'Sullivan index and the ICDAS-II index, respectively, by a previously calibrated examiner (intraexaminer Kappa: 0.90 and 0.81, Kappa inter-examiner: 0.88 and 0.83, related to tooth erosion and dental caries). The data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially, using SPSS 18.0 software (p <0.05). Through the logistic regression model it was found that the severe risk behavior for BN was associated with erosive tooth wear (OR = 8.31; 95% CI = 3.91-16.91), and adolescents from private schools (OR = 3.11 95% CI = 1.44- 6.45), but not with dental caries (OR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.72-1.73). The clinically significant risk behavior for BN was not associated with the assessed oral conditions (p> 0.05). With regard to eating habits, erosive tooth wear was associated with daily consumption of citric fruits (p<0.009), and soft drinks with sugar (p<0.046), while dental caries was associated with the daily consumption of cream biscuits (p<0.049). The habit of brushing the teeth shortly after eating was statistically associated with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear in the group with severe risk behavior for BN (p = 0.047). The risk behavior for BN, classified as clinically significant, was not associated with dental implications, but the severe risk behavior for BN was associated with the occurrence of erosive tooth wear. Dietary and oral hygiene habits were associated with the presence of erosive tooth wear and dental caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Bulimia Nervosa/complicações , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/complicações , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia , Higiene Bucal/efeitos adversos , Desgaste dos Dentes/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Assunção de Riscos
11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 12(3): 3133-51, 2015 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25785498

RESUMO

The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breast feeding for at least six months. However, there is no scientific evidence of the benefits of breast feeding for oral health in children under primary dentition. This study aimed to search for scientific evidence regarding the following question: is bottle feeding associated with malocclusion in the primary dentition compared to children that are breastfed? An electronic search was performed in seven databases. The systematic review included 10 cohort studies. It was not possible to conduct meta-analysis; therefore a qualitative analysis was assessed. The majority of studies evaluated feeding habits by means of questionnaires and conducted a single examination. Three studies observed that bottle feeding was significantly associated with overjet and posterior crossbite. Studies reported several cut-off times for breastfeeding (varying from 1 month up to 3 years of age) and several types of malocclusion. Controlling for non-nutritive sucking habits was reported for only half of the studies and this may have led to biased results. The scientific evidence could not confirm a specific type of malocclusion associated with the feeding habits or an adequate time of breastfeeding to benefit the children against malocclusion. Further cohort studies are needed to confirm this evidence.


Assuntos
Alimentação Artificial/efeitos adversos , Aleitamento Materno , Má Oclusão/etiologia , Dente Decíduo , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Má Oclusão/prevenção & controle
12.
Qual Life Res ; 24(6): 1389-96, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25447884

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Assess agreement between proxy respondents (caregivers) and children/adolescents related to the impact of cancer on children's/adolescents' health-related quality of life, with respect to anxiety and worry issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 83 Brazilian children/adolescents, of both genders, diagnosed with cancer, aged 5-18 years and their proxy respondents. Anxiety and worry were assessed through items of the instrument Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Cancer Module Scale. Participants were recruited from the pediatric hematology/oncology centers at two public hospitals. All individuals were receiving medical care. Descriptive statistics were performed as well as a weighted kappa coefficient, Spearman's correlation coefficient, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and Bland-Altman plots. The magnitude of the difference between the mean scores obtained from children/adolescents and that of their proxy respondents was evaluated through effect size. RESULTS: The proxy respondents underestimated the feelings of worry among children (8-12 years) (p < 0.001; effect size 0.71) and overestimated adolescents' (13-18 years) treatment anxiety (p < 0.05; effect size 0.57). The comparison between the three age groups (5-7, 8-12, 13-18 years) showed a tendency for children/adolescents to report increasing feelings of worry as they got older. In the 'treatment anxiety' subscale, there was a tendency for proxy respondents to present higher mean scores, revealing that proxy respondents believed the children's/adolescents' treatment anxiety decreased as they aged. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies between the reports of children/adolescents and their proxy respondents were observed. Children's/adolescents' reports should not be ignored nor replaced by proxy reports; both reports should be analyzed together.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Envelhecimento , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Autorrelato
13.
PLoS One ; 9(11): e111123, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25379668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are associated with the highest rates of morbidity and mortality of any mental disorders among adolescents. The failure to recognize their early signs can compromise a patient's recovery and long-term prognosis. Tooth erosion has been reported as an oral manifestation that might help in the early detection of eating disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to search for scientific evidence regarding the following clinical question: Do eating disorders increase the risk of tooth erosion? METHODS: An electronic search addressing eating disorders and tooth erosion was conducted in eight databases. Two independent reviewers selected studies, abstracted information and assessed its quality. Data were abstracted for meta-analysis comparing tooth erosion in control patients (without eating disorders) vs. patients with eating disorders; and patients with eating disorder risk behavior vs. patients without such risk behavior. Combined odds ratios (ORs) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained. RESULTS: Twenty-three papers were included in the qualitative synthesis and assessed by a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Fourteen papers were included in the meta-analysis. Patients with eating disorders had more risk of tooth erosion (OR = 12.4, 95%CI = 4.1-37.5). Patients with eating disorders who self-induced vomiting had more risk of tooth erosion than those patients who did not self-induce vomiting (OR = 19.6, 95%CI = 5.6-68.8). Patients with risk behavior of eating disorder had more risk of tooth erosion than patients without such risk behavior (Summary OR = 11.6, 95%CI = 3.2-41.7). CONCLUSION: The scientific evidence suggests a causal relationship between tooth erosion and eating disorders and purging practices. Nevertheless, there is a lack of scientific evidence to fulfill the basic criteria of causation between the risk behavior for eating disorders and tooth erosion.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/complicações , Erosão Dentária/complicações , Humanos , Risco
14.
UNOPAR Cient., Ciênc. biol. saude ; 16(4)out. 2014. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-737281

RESUMO

A síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono - SAOS é um distúrbio respiratório caracterizado por episódios recorrentes de obstrução das vias aéreas superiores durante o sono. Aparelhos intraorais - AIOs têm sido utilizados em pacientes com SAOS moderada ou severa que não se adaptaram ou recusam o tratamento com pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas - CPAP ou pacientes com impossibilidade de realização de cirurgia. Aparelhos de avanço mandibular têm sido amplamente utilizados com eficácia. Além de estabilizar a mandíbula, alguns AIOs permitem que o paciente faça movimentos mandibulares de lateralidade e verticais sem desencaixar o aparelho, reduzindo o risco de lesionar a articulação temporomandibular. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a efetividade de dois tipos de AIO no tratamento da apneia. Este estudo apresenta o caso de um paciente com SAOS moderada e grave dessaturação de oxigênio (SaO2 mínima de 55%), tratado com dois tipos de aparelho intraoral: o PM PositionerTM, que não permite movimentos laterais da mandíbula, e a Placa Lateroprotrusiva (PLP®), que permite movimentos de lateralidade. O aparelho PLP ® foi mais efetivo se comparado ao PM Positioner. Através da avaliação em longo prazo observou-se que o PLP ® proporcionou mais conforto ao paciente, maior aderência ao tratamento e uma maior capacidade de avanço mandibular, quando comparado ao aparelho que não permitia movimentos mandibulares de lateralidade.


Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a breathing disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep. Oral appliances have been used in patients with moderate to severe OSAS, who cannot tolerate or refuse the therapy with continuous positive airway pressure or candidates who present impossibility of performing surgery. Oral appliances such as mandibular advancement devices (MADs) have been widely used and proven to be effective. In addition to stabilizing the mandible, some MADs allow the patient to move it laterally and vertically without disengaging the appliance, reducing the risk of injuring the temporomandibular joint. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two types of oral appliances in the treatment of apnea. A patient who presented moderate OSAS and severe oxygen desaturation (SaO2 minimum of 55%) was treated by two different types of MADs: the PM PositionerTM, which is a device that do not allow lateral movements of the mandible, and the Placa Lateroprotrusiva (PLP®), which allows lateral movements. The PLP® was more effective than the PM PositionerTM. Long-term assessment revealed that PLP® was more effective because it provided more comfort and a greater capacity for mandibular advancement, when compared to a device which did not allow the jaw to move laterally.

15.
Indian J Occup Environ Med ; 18(2): 39-47, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25568596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners have a key role in the quality of life and prevention of occupational accidents of workers with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). AIM: The aim of this study was to review the impact of OSAS, the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy, and the evidence regarding the use of oral appliances (OA) on the health and safety of workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Searches were conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs and Sci ELO. Articles published from January 1980 to June 2014 were included. RESULTS: The research retrieved 2188 articles and 99 met the inclusion criteria. An increase in occupational accidents due to reduced vigilance and attention in snorers and patients with OSAS was observed. Such involvements were related to excessive daytime sleepiness and neurocognitive function impairments. The use of OA are less effective when compared with CPAP, but the results related to excessive sleepiness and cognitive performance showed improvements similar to CPAP. Treatments with OA showed greater patient compliance than the CPAP therapy. CONCLUSION: OSAS is a prevalent disorder among workers, leads to increased risk of occupational accidents, and has a significant impact on the economy. The CPAP therapy reduces the risk of occupational accidents. The OA can improve the work performance; but there is no scientific evidence associating its use with occupational accidents reduction. Future research should focus on determining the cost-effectiveness of OA as well as its influence and efficacy in preventing occupational accidents.

16.
Int J Eat Disord ; 46(7): 677-83, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23625589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of tooth erosion (TE) and dental caries (DC) in adolescents with and without risk behavior for eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A controlled cross-sectional study involving 1,203 randomly selected female students aged 15-18 years was conducted in Brazil. Risk behavior for EDs was evaluated through the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh and dental examinations were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of risk behavior for EDs was 6%. Twenty adolescents (1.7%) were identified with severe risk behavior for EDs and matched to 80 adolescents without such risk. Among the severe risk group, 45% of adolescents were affected by TE and 80% by DC compared with 8.8 and 51.3%, respectively, in the matched group. Adolescents with severe risk had higher chances for TE (OR = 10.04; 95% CI = 2.5-39.4). DISCUSSION: In this study, a severe risk behavior for EDs was significantly associated with TE, but not with DC.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico , Assunção de Riscos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Codas ; 25(4): 365-8, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24413426

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the nutritive and non-nutritive stimuli efficacy in the newborn's response to pain during venipuncture. METHODS: The main sample was composed of 64 newborns that were randomly divided into three groups. The first group (n=20) received nutritive sucking stimulus that was performed through maternal breastfeeding. The second group (n=21) received non-nutritive sucking stimulus that was performed through the introduction of the researcher little finger in the newborn's oral cavity. The third group or control group (n=23) did not receive any analgesia stimulus. The newborns were evaluated using the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale, and the responses to painful stimuli were compared. RESULTS: The nutritive as well as non-nutritive suction methods provided a comforting effect, resulting in lower pain response scores (p<0.05). There was no difference between the analgesia provided by both methods (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The nutritive and the non-nutritive sucking stimuli proved to be efficacious tools in relieving pain among newborns.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/efeitos adversos , Aleitamento Materno , Dor/etiologia , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor
18.
CoDAS ; 25(4): 365-368, 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-687290

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the nutritive and non-nutritive stimuli efficacy in the newborn's response to pain during venipuncture. METHODS: The main sample was composed of 64 newborns that were randomly divided into three groups. The first group (n=20) received nutritive sucking stimulus that was performed through maternal breastfeeding. The second group (n=21) received non-nutritive sucking stimulus that was performed through the introduction of the researcher little finger in the newborn's oral cavity. The third group or control group (n=23) did not receive any analgesia stimulus. The newborns were evaluated using the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale, and the responses to painful stimuli were compared. RESULTS: The nutritive as well as non-nutritive suction methods provided a comforting effect, resulting in lower pain response scores (p<0.05). There was no difference between the analgesia provided by both methods (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The nutritive and the non-nutritive sucking stimuli proved to be efficacious tools in relieving pain among newborns.


OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia dos estímulos de sucção nutritiva e não nutritiva na resposta do recém-nascido à dor durante a punção venosa. MÉTODOS: A amostra principal foi composta por 64 recém-nascidos que foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos. O primeiro grupo (n=20) recebeu estímulo de sucção nutritiva, o qual foi realizado através da amamentação materna. O segundo grupo (n=21) recebeu estímulo de sucção não nutritiva, o qual foi realizado através da introdução do dedo mínimo do pesquisador na cavidade oral do recém-nascido. O terceiro grupo ou grupo de controle (n=23) não recebeu qualquer estímulo de analgesia. Os recém-nascidos foram avaliados utilizando a Escala de Dor do Recém-nascido e as respostas aos estímulos dolorosos foram comparadas. RESULTADOS: Ambos os estímulos de sucção proporcionaram efeito analgésico, resultando em respostas a dor menores se comparados ao controle (p<0.05). Não houve diferença entre a analgesia produzida pelos dois estímulos de sucção (p>0.05). CONCLUSÃO: Tanto o estímulo de sucção nutritiva quanto a sucção não nutritiva provaram ser métodos eficazes no alívio da dor em recém-nascidos.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Analgesia/métodos , Aleitamento Materno , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/efeitos adversos , Dor/etiologia , Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Manejo da Dor/métodos
20.
J Dent Educ ; 75(12): 1620-6, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22184602

RESUMO

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess awareness and attitudes related to tooth erosion among dental students, patients, and faculty members in a Brazilian dental school. Data were collected by means of a self-applied questionnaire that was distributed among 298 participants. The response rate was 89.6 percent. Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used for statistical analysis (p<0.05). The majority of the participants had heard about erosion (72.9 percent), with lower percentages among the patients (p<0.001). In total, 74.9 percent believe that sugar can contribute to erosion (p=0.004). Almost 30 percent of the students did not know if they had had a patient with erosion, and 73.1 percent reported they were not advised by their clinical supervisor to examine their patients for tooth erosion (p=0.138). Concerning the faculty, 23.6 percent of them along with 61.5 percent of the students did not feel prepared to diagnose the condition (p<0.001). Reducing the consumption of acidic drinks was the practice most frequently mentioned as recommended to prevent erosion (89.6 percent). Knowledge about tooth erosion was not as widely evident as it should be in this sample, suggesting the need for better understanding and communication in this important area of oral health care.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Docentes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Erosão Dentária/psicologia , Ácidos , Adulto , Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Brasil , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Estudos Transversais , Sacarose na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Educação em Odontologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes/psicologia , Faculdades de Odontologia , Erosão Dentária/diagnóstico , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Escovação Dentária
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