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1.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-9, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349072

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the role of plasma calprotectin in non-infectious uveitis. Methods: This is an observational both cross-sectional and prospective study. Patients with active non-infectious uveitis were recruited as well as nonuveitic controls. Plasma calprotectin was determined and an ophthalmological examination was performed for both patients and controls. Independent variables possibly influencing levels of plasma calprotectin were recorded and analyzed. Categorical variables were compared by chi-square test (applying correction by continuity if necessary). T-test (or Kruskal-Wallis when appropriate) was used to compare averages. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to assess relationship between plasma calprotectin levels and independent variables. Spearman coefficient was calculated in order to establish correlation between plasma calprotectin and anterior chamber cell grading. Changes in plasma calprotectin levels between the flare beginning and its resolution were determined with mixed model for repeated measures. R software (version 3.6.0) was used to perform the statistical analysis. Results: We included 74 patients and 40 controls in the cross-sectional study. Plasma calprotectin levels were higher in uveitis patients compared to those of controls (p = .003), being higher in younger patients and patients with posterior uveitis. No correlation between calprotectin and anterior chamber inflammation degree was found (p = .198). For the prospective study, we included 36 patients. We found no significant differences in calprotectin levels between active and inactive uveitis (p = .344). Conclusions: Plasma calprotectin levels are elevated in uveitis patients and are influenced by age and anatomical location of uveitis. Further investigation is needed to assess the relationship between calprotectin and uveitis activity.

2.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 28(8): 1285-1289, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021422

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe a case of inflammatory chorioretinopathy and Adie's syndrome possibly associated with COVID-19. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 51-year-old woman developed fever, cough, and headache followed by retro-ocular pain and reading impairment. She tested positive for SARS-COV-2 infection by qualitative real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction. The slit-lamp and funduscopic exam revealed abnormal pupillary response and yellowish creamy deep chorioretinal lesions, which were not present in previous examinations. Instillation of pilocarpine demonstrated denervation supersensitivity, and it was suggestive of bilateral Adie tonic pupil. A comprehensive work-up ruled out other systemic, autoimmune, or infectious diseases. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates the possible association between multifocal chorioretinitis and Adie's syndrome, and the SARS-COV-2 infection in humans. Further investigation of virus infectivity specifically within ocular tissues has to be conducted.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Adie/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Acuidade Visual , Síndrome de Adie/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
3.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120911333, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report a case of primary choroidal lymphoma that was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction-based clonality testing. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old woman presented with unilateral progressive vision loss. Fundus examination and B-ultrasonography demonstrated diffuse choroidal thickening without vitritis. Pars plana vitrectomy and subretinal biopsy were performed, and histopathologic analysis revealed choroidal B-cell lymphoid hyperplasia without evidence of neoplasia. Extraocular extension was ruled out, and transitory improvement was observed with oral steroids. After 1-year follow-up, she was referred to our hospital and clonality testing was performed using the samples taken months before. First, we used a forensic DNA extraction kit, and then, a multiplex polymerase chain reaction was carried out using the IgH Rearrangements Molecular Analysis Kit. Clonal rearrangement was identified for the immunoglobulin heavy chain framework regions 1 and 2, and B-cell choroidal lymphoma was confirmed. The patient began treatment with intravitreal rituximab, but no response was observed. Finally, complete regression was achieved using external beam radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Polymerase chain reaction-based clonality testing can be a valuable tool to confirm a choroidal lymphoproliferative process.

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