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1.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 46(1): 95-101, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27060872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of golimumab (GLM) in refractory uveitis associated to spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Multicenter study of SpA-related uveitis refractory to at least 1 immunosuppressive drug. The main outcome variables were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, and macular thickness. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients (13 men/2 women; 18 affected eyes; mean age 39 ± 6 years) were evaluated. The underlying SpA subtypes were ankylosing spondylitis (n = 8), psoriatic arthritis (n = 6) and non-radiographic axial SpA (n = 1). The ocular involvement patterns were recurrent anterior uveitis in 8 patients and chronic anterior uveitis in 7. Before GLM they have received methotrexate (n = 13), sulfasalazine (n = 6), pulses of methylprednisolone (n = 4), azathioprine (n = 3), leflunomide (n = 2), and cyclosporine (n = 1). Overall, 10 of them had also been treated with TNF-α blockers; etanercept (n = 7), adalimumab (n = 7), infliximab (n = 6), and certolizumab (n = 1). GLM was given at the standard dose (50mg/sc/monthly) as monotherapy (n = 7) or in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs (n = 8), mainly methotrexate. Most patients had rapid and progressive improvement of intraocular inflammation parameters. The median number of cells in the anterior chamber at 2 years [0 (0-0)] was significantly reduced compared to baseline findings [1 (0-3); p = 0.04]. The mean best corrected visual acuity value also improved (0.84 ± 0.3 at 2 years versus 0.62 ± 0.3 at baseline; p = 0.03). Only minor side effects were observed after a mean follow-up of 23 ± 7 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that GLM may be a useful therapeutic option in refractory SpA-related uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Espondilartrite/complicações , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia
2.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(12): 2223-31, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24996907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for at least 12 months with infliximab (IFX) (3-5 mg/kg at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and then every 4-8 weeks) or adalimumab (ADA) (usually 40 mg every 2 weeks). The main outcome measures were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, macular thickness and immunosuppression load. RESULTS: Sixty-eight men and 56 women (221 affected eyes) were studied. The mean age was 38.6 years (s.d. 10.4). HLA-B51 was positive in 66.1% of patients and uveitis was bilateral in 78.2%. IFX was the first biologic agent in 77 cases (62%) and ADA was first in 47 (38%). In most cases anti-TNF-α drugs were used in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. At the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation was observed in 57% and 64.4% of patients, respectively. In both conditions the damage decreased significantly after 1 year. At baseline, 50 patients (80 eyes) had macular thickening [optical coherence tomography (OCT) >250 µm] and 35 (49 eyes) had cystoid macular oedema (OCT>300 µm) that improved from 420 µm (s.d. 119.5) at baseline to 271 µm (s.d. 45.6) at month 12 (P < 0.01). The best-corrected visual acuity and the suppression load also showed significant improvement. After 1 year of follow-up, 67.7% of patients were inactive. Biologic therapy was well tolerated in most cases. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF-α therapy is effective and relatively safe in refractory BD uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 8(1): 39-41, ene.-feb. 2012.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-94071

RESUMO

La artritis reumatoide es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica sistémica que ocasiona una significativa morbilidad y mortalidad. El uso combinado de metotrexato y agentes biológicos dirigidos contra el factor de necrosis tumoral (TNF) ha logrado mejorías significativas en parámetros clínicos, radiográficos y funcionales que no se habían visto previamente y que han revolucionado el objetivo terapéutico de conseguir la remisión en parámetros clínicos, estructurales y funcionales. El próximo objetivo debería ser alcanzar la remisión sin el uso de fármacos biológicos y posteriormente sin medicación. Aunque hay evidencia acerca de la eficacia y la seguridad de los inhibidores del TNF, no la hay acerca de remisión sin el empleo de agentes biológicos ni fármacos modificadores de la enfermedad (AU)


Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality. The combined use of methotrexate and biological agents directed against tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has achieved significant improvement in clinical, radiographic and functional parameters not seen previously and has revolutionized the therapeutic goal of achieving remission in clinical, structural and functional parameters. The next goal should be to achieve remission without the use of biological drugs and later without medication. Although there is evidence about the efficacy and safety of TNF inhibitors, there is none on remission without the use of biological agents or disease modifying drugs (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Suspensão de Tratamento/normas , Recall de Medicamento/métodos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Antirreumáticos/metabolismo , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Morbidade
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