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1.
J Food Prot ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290541

RESUMO

This study investigated the presence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) for the first time in two types of unpasteurized fresh cheese produced in the state of Michoacan, Mexico. We tested for this pathogen along with the others to broaden the study of microbiological quality in a total of 60 samples of cheese, 30 fresh and 30 adobera, which were collected from six artisanal cheese factories (ACF). The hygienic conditions of these establishments and the practices of cheese manufacture were generally poor. Although Mycobacterium bovis was not detected, four cheese samples harbored NTM isolates. The four NTM isolates were identified using three molecular markers (hsp65, rrs and rpoB genes) which corresponded to Mycolicibacterium fortuitum (n=3) and Mycolicibacterium mageritense (n=1). All 60 cheese samples analyzed had unsatisfactory microbiological quality according to the Mexican Official Guideline. Regarding fresh cheeses, all 30 samples analyzed were positive for aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB), total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC) and yeasts and moulds. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were present in 23 and 21 samples, respectively. Listeria monocytogenes was identified in a sample and was isolated from a bulk milk tank in the same ACF. With regard to adobera cheeses, all samples were positive for AMB, TC, FC, yeasts and moulds and S. aureus. E. coli was isolated from 28 samples. Salmonella was isolated from a sample and also from a wooden shovel used in the manufacture of the cheeses in the same ACF. Thus, the consumption of unpasteurized fresh cheese may represent a public health risk. Because of this, health authorities should enforce the legislation that forbids the processing of cheese with unpasteurized milk and encourage producers to follow good manufacturing practices from original ingredients all the way through the production process of the cheese to its sale, in order to assure a safe product.

2.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(1): 20, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216228

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to determine the needs of milk intake (MI) and their components (i.e., lactose, fat, protein, and energy) to increase the average daily gain (ADG) of Pelibuey lambs during the pre-weaning period. Data of 62 lambs were used (35 males and 27 females; 32 of single lambing and 30 twins). All lambs were housed in individual pens with their mothers during the first 45 days post-lambing, without access to mother's food. Every 10 d, MI was estimated by the double lamb weighing method, and then, the intake of each milk component was calculated, considering both milk chemical composition and its estimated intake. The ADG was associated with MI and its components through a linear regression analysis. All milk variables were highly (P < 0.05; 0.69 ≤ r ≤ 0.85) correlated with ADG. The ADG explained (P < 0.0001) between 48 and 72% of the variation observed for MI and its components, being lower for fat intake and higher for MI. Given the positive slope parameter (ß1), an increase of one kilogram of body weight required intakes of 3.1 kg of milk, 117 g of fat, 203 g of protein, 187 g of lactose, or 16.8 MJ of energy. In conclusion, Pelibuey lambs to gain one kilogram of live weight during the pre-weaning period need to consume 3.1 kg of milk having an adequate amount of protein, fat, lactose, and energy.

3.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(6): 3403-3408, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929586

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to determine the associations between the FAMACHA© score, body condition score (BCS) and several haematological parameters of Pelibuey ewes. In total, 52 clinically healthy Pelibuey ewes were evaluated in this study. A blood sample was collected from each animal to determine haematological variables. The BCS was evaluated on a scale of 1 to 5 and subsequently grouped into four categories: (1) < 1.5, (2) 2.0-2.5, (3) 3.0-3.5 and (4) > 4.0. The coloration of conjunctival mucosa was evaluated using the FAMACHA© system. The analysed haematological parameters were red blood cell (RBC) count, haemoglobin (HGB), haematocrit (HCT), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red blood cell distribution width standard deviation (RDW-SD) and red blood cell distribution width coefficient of variation (RDW-CV). A descriptive statistical analysis was performed, and the Pearson correlation coefficients between variables were estimated. Haematological parameters were analysed with one-way analyses of variance, and the Tukey test was applied when significant differences were detected. The FAMACHA© score was only associated with MCHC (r = - 0.30, P < 0.05). The haematological parameters of RBC count, HCT, RDW-SD and RDW-CV statistically differed among BCS groups. The BCS was associated with RBC count, HCT, RDW-SD and RDW-CV, with r values ranging from 0.35 to 0.48. The haematological values were similar to those reported in ewes from Iran and Iraq. Hence, the optimization of the BCS calculation of Pelibuey ewes can generate association tables with haematological parameters to aid in the sanitary and feeding management of sheep.

4.
J Dairy Res ; 87(3): 341-343, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883388

RESUMO

In this research communication we describe the creation of an equation for the prediction of milk yield (MY) from udder volume (UV). A total of 280 measurements were collected between 5 and 15 d postpartum (pp) from 36 multiparous Pelibuey ewes. Study variables were measured between 2 and 9 weeks pp and MY was measured by manual milking, UV prior to and following milking was measured using the technique of making moulds from aluminium foil. The MY ranged from 0.09 to 0.83 kg/d, meanwhile UV prior and following milking ranged from 155 to 1940 and 90 to 1520 cm3, respectively. Measurements of UV had a moderate to high (P < 0.01; 0.58 ≤ r ≤ 0.78) correlation with MY. The UV prior to milking was the best prediction model for MY, which explained 62% of the variation in MY. This equation presented moderate precision (r2 = 0.61) and high accuracy (bias correction factor = 0.94), confirming a good reproducibility index (concordance correlation coefficient = 0.73). Modelling efficiency (MEF = 0.59) showed moderate concordance between observed and predicted values. In conclusion, MY in lactating Pelibuey ewes could be predicted in a moderate way using the predictor variable UV measured with the technique of moulds made with aluminium foil.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 747: 141322, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781318

RESUMO

This paper analyses the impact of the control measures during the COVID-19 lockdown in Europe (15 March-30 April 2020) on 1-h daily maximum nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and maximum daily 8-h running average ozone (MDA8 O3) observations obtained from the European Environment Agency's air quality database (AirBase). Daily maximum NO2 decreased consistently over the whole continent, with relative reductions ranging from 5% to 55% with respect to the same period in 2015-2019 for 80% of the sites considered (10th - 90th percentiles). However, MDA8 O3 concentrations showed a different pattern, decreasing over Iberia and increasing elsewhere. In particular, a large region from northwestern to central Europe experienced increases of 10-22% at urban background stations, reaching typical values of the summer season. The analysis of the expected NO2 and O3 concentrations in the absence of the lockdown, using generalised additive models fed by reanalysis meteorological data, shows that the low NO2 concentrations were mostly attributed to the emission reductions while O3 anomalies were dominated by the meteorology. The relevance of each meteorological variable depends on the location. The positive O3 anomalies in northwestern and central Europe were mostly associated with elevated temperatures, low specific humidity and enhanced solar radiation. This pattern could be an analogue to study the limits of pollution control policies under climate change scenarios. On the other hand, the O3 reduction in Iberia is mostly attributable to the low solar radiation and high specific humidity, although the reduced zonal wind also played a role in the proximity of the Iberian Mediterranean coast.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Infecções por Coronavirus , Meteorologia , Ozônio , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Betacoronavirus , Monitoramento Ambiental , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Ozônio/análise , Estações do Ano
6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7900, 2020 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404961

RESUMO

In the Era of exponential data generation, increasing the number of paleoclimate records to improve climate field reconstructions might not always be the best strategy. By using pseudo-proxies from different model ensembles, we show how biologically-inspired artificial intelligence can be coupled with different reconstruction methods to minimize the spatial bias induced by the non-homogeneous distribution of available proxies. The results indicate that small subsets of records situated over representative locations can outperform the reconstruction skill of the full proxy network, even in more realistic pseudo-proxy experiments and observational datasets. These locations highlight the importance of high-latitude regions and major teleconnection areas to reconstruct annual global temperature fields and their responses to external forcings and internal variability. However, low frequency temperature variations such as the transition between the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age are better resolved by records situated at lower latitudes. According to our idealized experiments a careful selection of proxy locations should be performed depending on the targeted time scale of the reconstructed field.

7.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(3)2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244883

RESUMO

The study aimed to evaluate the relationship between udder measurements and milk yield (MY) in dairy Pelibuey ewes. Udder measurements were taken twice a week for eight weeks before (initial) and after (final) milking, including udder depth (UD), udder circumference (UC), udder width (UW), teat length (TL) and teat diameter (TD) in 38 multiparous ewes. Additionally, udder volume (UV) and the difference (VDF) between initial UV (UVi) and final (UVf) was calculated as VDF = UVi - UVf. The MY varied from 0.10 kg/d to 1.04 kg/d, with a mean of 0.39 kg/d, ± 0.18 kg/d. Initial UC (UCi) ranged from 25.80 cm to 53.30 cm, and VDF varied from 1 cm3 to 2418 cm3. The TL and TD were not correlated with MY (p > 0.05), while UCi, UVi and VDF were positively correlated with MY (p < 0.0001; r = from 0.66 to 0.74). For the prediction of MY, the obtained equations had an r2 ranging from 0.54 to 0.63. The UCi, UDf, UWi and UWf were included in these models (p < 0.05). It is concluded that there was an acceptable correlation (r = 0.60) between the measurements of the udder, the volume of the udder and the daily milk yield in Pelibuey sheep. When direct measurements of milk production cannot be performed in practice, the measurement of udders and their volume could be a viable alternative to estimate milk yield production as an indirect method.

8.
Environ Res ; 186: 109447, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Investigating future changes in temperature-related mortality as a function of global mean temperature (GMT) rise allows for the evaluation of policy-relevant climate change targets. So far, only few studies have taken this approach, and, in particular, no such assessments exist for Germany, the most populated country of Europe. METHODS: We assess temperature-related mortality in 12 major German cities based on daily time-series of all-cause mortality and daily mean temperatures in the period 1993-2015, using distributed-lag non-linear models in a two-stage design. Resulting risk functions are applied to estimate excess mortality in terms of GMT rise relative to pre-industrial levels, assuming no change in demographics or population vulnerability. RESULTS: In the observational period, cold contributes stronger to temperature-related mortality than heat, with overall attributable fractions of 5.49% (95%CI: 3.82-7.19) and 0.81% (95%CI: 0.72-0.89), respectively. Future projections indicate that this pattern could be reversed under progressing global warming, with heat-related mortality starting to exceed cold-related mortality at 3 °C or higher GMT rise. Across cities, projected net increases in total temperature-related mortality were 0.45% (95%CI: -0.02-1.06) at 3 °C, 1.53% (95%CI: 0.96-2.06) at 4 °C, and 2.88% (95%CI: 1.60-4.10) at 5 °C, compared to today's warming level of 1 °C. By contrast, no significant difference was found between projected total temperature-related mortality at 2 °C versus 1 °C of GMT rise. CONCLUSIONS: Our results can inform current adaptation policies aimed at buffering the health risks from increased heat exposure under climate change. They also allow for the evaluation of global mitigation efforts in terms of local health benefits in some of Germany's most populated cities.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Aquecimento Global , Cidades , Europa (Continente) , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Temperatura Alta , Mortalidade , Temperatura
9.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 52(5): 2341-2347, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162187

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate an equation to predict body weight (BW) using hip width (HW) in Pelibuey ewe lambs and ewes. Five hundred seventy-seven 2-month-old to 3-year-old, non-pregnant, non-lactating, clinically healthy ewe lambs and adult ewes with a mean BW of 34.7 ± 12.4 kg and HW of 15.6 ± 3.4 cm were considered. Three equations were evaluated: BW (kg): - 19.17 + 3.46 × HW (Eq. 1), BW (kg): - 17.79 + 3.25 × HW + 0.007 × HW2 (Eq. 2) and BW (kg): 0.39 × HW1.63 (Eq. 3). Independent data from 80 animals with similar characteristics (BW of 23.4 ± 10.9 kg and HW of 12 ± 3.1 cm) were also considered to evaluate the developed equations. The evaluation was based on the relationship between the observed and predicted values of BW analysed using a linear regression, the mean squared error of prediction (MSEP), the root MSEP (RMSEP) and the concordance correlation coefficients (CCCs). Additionally, cross-validation analyses were performed using the k-folds validation (k = 10) procedure. The correlation coefficient (r) between BW and HW was 0.94 (P < 0.001). The parameters for precision and accuracy showed that the proposed equations had high precision (R2 > 0.95%), accuracy (Cb > 0.98) and reproducibility (CCC > 0.96) in predicting the BW of ewe lambs and adult ewes. Equation (1) accurately predicted observed BW, with a bias (observed - predicted) of 4.3 kg and RMSEP of 9.68% with respect to the observed BW (random error of 84.23%); it also generated the best prediction according to the residual mean squared prediction error, coefficient of determination and mean absolute error. In conclusion, the highly correlated relationship between BW and HW in Pelibuey ewe lambs and adult ewes under humid tropic conditions enabled the development of mathematical models herein to estimate BW with an adequate goodness of fit. The linear model showed the best performance according to the goodness-of-fit evaluation and internal and external validation; hence, this model is proposed for use in both the experimental and commercial farms.

10.
Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 1436(1): 206-216, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968302

RESUMO

In this study, we analyze the linkage between atmosphere and ocean modes and winter flood variability over the 20th century based on long-term flow-discharge series, historical archives, and tree-ring records of past floods in the North Atlantic Basin (NAB). The most extreme winter floods occurred in 1936 and had strong impacts on either side of the Atlantic. We hypothesize that the joint effects of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Arctic Oscillation (AO), which is closely related to the North Atlantic Oscillation, play a significant role when describing flood variability in North America and Europe since 1900. Statistical modeling supports the assumption that the response of flood anomalies over the NAB to AO phases is subsidiary of SST phases. Besides, we shed light on the extraordinarily winter flood of 1936 that was characterized by very high SSTs over both the Atlantic and Pacific (>98th percentile) and very low, negative values of AO (<1st percentile). This outstanding winter flood episode was most likely characterized by stratospheric polar vortex anomalies, which can usually be linked to an increased probability of storms in western and southwestern Europe and increased snowfall events in eastern North America. By assessing the flood anomalies over the NAB as a coupled AO and SST function, one could further the understanding of such large-scale events and presumably improve anticipation of future extreme flood occurrences.


Assuntos
Inundações/história , Modelos Teóricos , Estações do Ano , Oceano Atlântico , Europa (Continente) , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , América do Norte
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 645: 1238-1252, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248849

RESUMO

This paper characterizes the spatiotemporal variability of air stagnation over the Euro-Mediterranean area for the 1979-2016 period by using a simplified air stagnation index (ASI) based on daily precipitation as well as near-surface and upper wind speed data. We have also undertaken the first comparison of stagnation as derived from meteorological reanalysis and observations, finding a reasonably good agreement between both datasets. The main differences arise from the surface wind speed, as this field depends on the local setting of the observational sites and imperfect parameterizations within the reanalysis model. Since air stagnation has considerable spatial heterogeneity over the region, we have regionalized the monthly frequency of stagnant days, resulting five regions with consistent temporal patterns: Scandinavia (SCAN), Northern-Europe (NEU), Central-Europe (CEU), South-West (SW) and South-East (SE). The northern regions (SCAN and NEU), which are affected by moderately strong near-surface winds and ample precipitation, present low frequency and temporal variability in stagnation compared to the southern regions (SW and SE). The winters and summers with the highest stagnation frequency often concur with positive 500 hPa geopotential height anomalies over the regions, with the exception of negative anomalies and a displacement of the extratropical jet to the south in the case of SCAN and NEU during winter. Air stagnation exerts a clear influence on air quality (AQ), with anomalies above 10% for summer ozone (O3) and 30% for winter PM10 (particulate matter ≤10 µm in diameter) on stagnant vs. non-stagnant days over most of the regions. These values exceed 20% and 50%, respectively, in the case of CEU, where air stagnation also drives significant changes in the frequency distributions of these pollutants and increases the likelihood of AQ exceedances. Moreover, persistent and widespread stagnation events favour the build-up of both O3 and PM10 over most of the continent.

12.
Sci Data ; 4: 170169, 2017 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135974

RESUMO

This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible. In total, more than 300,000 early instrumental data were rescued (96% with daily resolution). Especial effort was made to document all the available metadata in order to allow further post-processing. The compilation is far from being exhaustive, but the dataset will contribute to a better understanding of climate variability in the region, and to enlarging the period of overlap between instrumental data and natural/documentary proxies.

13.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 16166, 2017 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170490

RESUMO

A new bicentennial series of the Australian monsoon strength based on historical wind observations has allowed for the assessment of the variability of this system since the early 19th century. Our series covers a period in which the scarcity of meteorological observations in the area had precluded the evaluation of long-term climatic trends. Results indicate that the increase in precipitation over Northern Australia reported for the last 60 years is just a manifestation of a much longer lasting trend related to the strengthening of the Australian monsoon that has been occurring since at least 1816.

14.
Rev. MVZ Córdoba ; 22(2): 5829-5836, May-Aug. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-896927

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective. To determine Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), Leishmania mexicana (L.mexicana) and Leishmania braziliensis (L.braziliensis) circulating antibodies in dogs from Chontalpa region in Tabasco, Mexico using ELISA diagnostic techniques Fe-SOD and Western blot. Materials and methods. For this study, 119 serums were obtained from domiciled dogs. Serums were tested for antibodies against T. cruzi, L. mexicana and L. braziliensis, using ELISA and Western Blot sod as diagnostic test. The antigenic fraction used in both tests was the Fe-SOD excreted by the species of Leishmania and Trypanosoma. Results. The obtained frequency in this study was 3.36% for T. cruzi, 9.24% for L. mexicana and 10.08% for L. braziliensis. Conclusions. The present study has demonstrated the presence of antibodies to these parasites in Chontalpa region from Tabasco, Mexico.


RESUMEN Objetivo. Determinar la frecuencia de anticuerpos circulantes de Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), Leishmania mexicana (L. mexicana) y Leishmania braziliensis (L. braziliensis) en una población de perros usando ELISA Fe-SOD y Western blot en la región Chontalpa del estado de Tabasco, México. Materiales y métodos. Para este estudio se obtuvieron 119 sueros de perros domiciliados, con el consentimiento previo de los propietarios. Los sueros fueron analizados para detectar anticuerpos contra T. cruzi, L. mexicana, y L. braziliensis, usando como prueba diagnóstica ELISA-sod y Western Blot. La fracción antigénica utilizada en las dos pruebas fue la Fe-SOD excretada por las especies de Trypanosoma y Leishmania. Resultados. La frecuencia obtenida en este estudio fue de 3.36% para T. cruzi, 9.24% para L. mexicana y 10.08% L. braziliensis. Conclusiones. El presente estudio demostró la presencia de anticuerpos para estos parásitos en la región Chontalpa del estado de Tabasco, México.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 104(2): 458-464, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28549673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No satisfactory treatment exists for chronic rejection (CR) after lung transplantation (LT). Our objective was to assess whether ozone (O3) treatment could ameliorate CR. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley inbred rats (n = 36) were randomly assigned into four groups: (1) control (n = 6), (2) sham (n = 6), (3) LT (n = 12), and (4) O3-LT (n = 12). Animals underwent left LT. O3 was rectally administered daily for 2 weeks before LT (from 20 to 50 µg) and 3 times/wk (50 µg/dose) up to 3 months. CR; acute rejection; and Hspb27, Prdx, Epas1, Gpx3, Vegfa, Sftpa1, Sftpb, Plvap, Klf2, Cldn5, Thbd, Dsip, Fmo2, and Sepp1 mRNA gene expression were determined. RESULTS: Severe CR was observed in all animals of LT group, but none of the O3-LT animals showed signs of CR, just a mild acute rejection was observed in 1 animal. A significant decrease of Hspb27, Prdx, Epas1, Gpx3, Vegfa, Sftpa1, Sftpb, Plvap, Klf2, Cldn5, Thbd, Dsip, and Fmo2 gene expression in the O3-LT group was observed CONCLUSIONS: O3 therapy significantly delayed the onset of CR regulating the expression of genes involved in its pathogenesis. No known immunosuppressive therapy has been capable of achieving similar results. From a translational point of view, O3 therapy could become a new adjuvant treatment for CR in patients undergoing LT.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/administração & dosagem , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Oxidantes Fotoquímicos/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Gac Med Mex ; 152(3): 345-9, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27335190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Visceral fat has deleterious metabolic effects and has been associated with myocardial ischemia. OBJECTIVE: To compare epicardial fat thickness in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (30 diabetic and 30 non-diabetic). Cardiovascular risk factors and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) score were registered. Using echocardiography, left ventricle ejection fraction and epicardial fat measured in the interventricular septum, right ventricle outflow tract, apex, and right ventricle free wall was evaluated. RESULTS: Epicardial fat at the apex (6.1 vs. 5.8 mm; p = 0.038) and in the interventricular septum (7.0 vs. 5.7 mm; p = 0.033) was higher in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients. In diabetic patients, plasmatic glucose correlated with TIMI score (R: 0.49; p = 0.005) and body mass index (R: -0.50; p = 0.004). The TIMI score (4.5 vs. 3.4; p = 0.04), body mass index (29.3 vs. 26.4; p = 0.008), epicardial fat in the interventricular septum (6.8 vs. 4.7; p = 0.000004) and in the right ventricle outflow tract (6.8 vs. 5.0; p = 0.000042) were higher in patients with fat in apex ≥ 6 mm. CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation, interventricular septum and apex epicardial fat was higher compared with non-diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Pericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
17.
Guatem. pediátr. ; 2(1): 7-13, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-981165

RESUMO

A nivel mundial la hiperbilirrubinemia sigue siendo un importante problema en las unidades de cuidado neonatal. el 60% al 70% de recién nacidos la presentan y representa el 25% de reingreso en los hospitales del Seguro Social en el periodo neonatal inmediato. El alta precoz de los embarazos de bajo riesgo y los altos índices de ocupación de los servicios de neonatología, hace necesaria una evaluación rápida y segura de la condición clínica del Recién Nacido. Actualmente existe en la práctica clínica diaria un método no invasivo rápido e inocuo de determinación de los niveles de bilirrubina, utilizando un medidor transcutáneo.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Bilirrubina , Procedimentos Clínicos , Hiperbilirrubinemia
18.
Guatem. pediátr. ; 2(2): 2-14, 2016.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-981302

RESUMO

La ictericia en el recién nacido o hiperbilirrubinemia, suele ser un proceso fisiológico, generalmente benigno y autolimitado. Constituye uno de los fenómenos clínicos más frecuente durante el período neonatal y es la causa más común de reingreso a las unidades de cuidados de recién nacidos durante las primeras dos semanas de vida para someterlos a tratamientos como fototerapia y en algunas ocasiones, para realizar una exanguinotransfusión. Aproximadamente el 60% a 70% de los recién nacidos a término y el 80% o más de los pretérmino se muestran clínicamente ictéricos. Un reconocimiento temprano y la instauración de una terapia adecuada resulta primordial en el pronóstico y evitar una de las complicaciones más graves y con secuelas neurológicas, la encefalopatía hiperbilirrubinémica.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Hiperbilirrubinemia , Recém-Nascido , Vigilância em Saúde Pública
19.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 24(4): 432-7, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26648011

RESUMO

The overall goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in dogs in the city of Villahermosa in Tabasco, Mexico. The study population consisted of 302 owned dogs that had limited access to public areas. A fecal sample was collected from each animal and examined for GI parasites by conventional macroscopic analysis and centrifugal flotation. Fecal samples from 80 (26.5%) dogs contained GI parasites. Of these, 58 (19.2%) were positive for helminths and 22 (7.3%) were positive for protozoan parasites. At least seven parasitic species were identified. The most common parasite was Ancylostoma caninum which was detected in 48 (15.9%) dogs. Other parasites detected on multiple occasions were Cystoisospora spp. (n = 19), Toxocara canis (n = 7) and Giardia spp. (n = 3). Three additional parasites, Dipylidium caninum, Trichuris vulpis and Uncinaria spp., were each detected in a single dog. No mixed parasitic infections were identified. In summary, we report a moderately high prevalence of GI parasites in owned dogs in Villahermosa, Tabasco. Several parasitic species identified in this study are recognized zoonotic pathogens which illustrates the important need to routinely monitor and treat dogs that live in close proximity to humans for parasitic infections.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Fezes/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , México/epidemiologia , Prevalência
20.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 24(4): 432-437, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-770307

RESUMO

Abstract The overall goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in dogs in the city of Villahermosa in Tabasco, Mexico. The study population consisted of 302 owned dogs that had limited access to public areas. A fecal sample was collected from each animal and examined for GI parasites by conventional macroscopic analysis and centrifugal flotation. Fecal samples from 80 (26.5%) dogs contained GI parasites. Of these, 58 (19.2%) were positive for helminths and 22 (7.3%) were positive for protozoan parasites. At least seven parasitic species were identified. The most common parasite was Ancylostoma caninum which was detected in 48 (15.9%) dogs. Other parasites detected on multiple occasions were Cystoisospora spp. (n = 19), Toxocara canis (n = 7) and Giardia spp. (n = 3). Three additional parasites, Dipylidium caninum, Trichuris vulpis and Uncinaria spp., were each detected in a single dog. No mixed parasitic infections were identified. In summary, we report a moderately high prevalence of GI parasites in owned dogs in Villahermosa, Tabasco. Several parasitic species identified in this study are recognized zoonotic pathogens which illustrates the important need to routinely monitor and treat dogs that live in close proximity to humans for parasitic infections.


Resumo O objetivo geral deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência de parasitas gastrointestinais (GI) em cães na cidade de Vilhahermosa, em Tabasco, México. A população estudada consistiu de 302 cães com donos, com acesso limitado a áreas públicas. Uma amostra fecal de cada animal foi coletada e examinada para parasitas GI por análise macroscópica convencional e centrífugo-flutuação. Amostras fecais de 80 (26,5%) cães apresentaram parasitas GI. Destes, 58 (19,2%) foram positivos para helmintos e 22 (7,3%) foram positivos para protozoários. Pelo menos 7 espécies parasitas foram identificadas. O parasita mais comum foi Ancylostoma caninum, detectado em 48 (15,9%) cães. Outros parasitas detectados em diversas ocasiões foram Cystoisospora spp. (n = 19), Toxocara canis (n = 7) e Giardia spp. (n=3). Adicionalmente, três parasitas foram detectados em apenas um cão – Dipylidium caninum, Trichuris vulpis e Uncinaria spp. Nenhuma infecção mista foi observada. Em resumo, nós identificamos neste trabalho uma prevalência moderadamente alta de parasitas GI em cães com donos, em Villahermosa, Tabasco. Várias espécies de parasitas identificados são reconhecidamente patógenos zoonóticos, o que indica a necessidade de monitorar rotineiramente e tratar infecções parasitárias em cães que vivem em proximidade a populações humanas.


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/veterinária , Prevalência , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , México/epidemiologia
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