Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 22(2): 73-78, mar.-abr. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183017

RESUMO

Introducción: Se ha descrito que una favorable percepción de los estudiantes sobre un proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje constituye un aspecto relevante que favorece el desempeño académico. Sin embargo, existe escasa información sobre otros factores de riesgo académico de los estudiantes que ingresan en la educación superior. Objetivo: Conocer la experiencia académica previa de los estudiantes de cinesiología, su percepción sobre las metodologías de enseñanza y su relación con el rendimiento. Sujetos y métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, en el cual se estudiaron 108 alumnos de la Escuela de Cinesiología de la asignatura 'Anatomía del aparato locomotor'. Se diseñó y validó un cuestionario para evaluar la percepción de satisfacción y la experiencia académica previa. Posteriormente se aplicó a los estudiantes y se registraron sus calificaciones durante el semestre. Resultados: Los estudiantes evaluaron positivamente la gestión docente en metodología y enseñanza en sus tres dimensiones, obteniendo una puntuación de 3,5 ± 0,3. Sin embargo, el 65,7% de los estudiantes reprobó la asignatura. Los resultados indican que no hay una relación directa entre la metodología de enseñanza y el rendimiento académico. No obstante, la experiencia académica previa parece ser de gran importancia. Conclusión: Es necesario debatir sobre variables de índole académica, como la experiencia previa de los estudiantes, que constituyen factores de predicción del éxito académico y también aquellas que favorecen el burnout académico, e incorporar estrategias de apoyo a estudiantes que presentan estas características para un mejor desempeño académico


Introduction: It is known that a positive student perception about the teaching and learning process is a relevant aspect which improves academic performance. However, there are few studies that consider other academic factors acting upon students who enroll in higher education. Aim: To find out about the academic background of physical therapy students, their perception about teaching methods and its relation to academic performance. Subjects and methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted. Sample consisted of 108 physical therapy students who enrolled in a Locomotor Anatomy course. A questionnaire to assess perceived satisfaction and academic background was designed, which was validated and then applied to students. In addition, students' grades were register during semester. Results: Students gave positive ratings to teachers' performance about teaching methods in all three dimensions, with a score above 3.5 ± 0.3. Yet, 65.7% of alumni failed the course. Results showed no direct relationship between teaching methods and academic performance. However, academic background seems very important. Conclusion: Variables such as students' academic background, which are considered predicting factors associated with academic success, should be discussed as well as those associated with academic burnout. It is recommended to incorporate supporting strategies for students with such characteristics in order to improve their academic performance


Assuntos
Humanos , Ensino , Percepção , Ocupações em Saúde/educação , Desempenho Acadêmico , Educação Médica , Cinesiologia Aplicada/educação , Estudos Transversais , Chile , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 48(1): 9-14, ene.-feb. 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-109114

RESUMO

Introducción. El envejecimiento poblacional va asociado a cambios epidemiológicos que afectan los vínculos familiares y sociales. Estos vínculos pueden favorecer o amenazar la salud mental de las personas mayores, específicamente la presencia de depresión. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto del apoyo familiar sobre la presencia de quejas depresivas en personas mayores de la comunidad. Material y métodos. Encuesta cara a cara a una muestra representativa de adultos de 60 y más años de Santiago de Chile. Se usó la pregunta única de depresión y se correlacionó con composición familiar, disponibilidad de apoyo afectivo e instrumental, presencia de conflicto, autopercepción de salud, funcionalidad, autoeficacia, percepción de ingresos. Se calcularon asociaciones bivariadas de variables predictoras y luego un modelo de remisión logística binaria. Resultados. Se incluyeron 394 personas, 62% mujeres, edad promedio 74 años (DE = 8,1). Un 16% refirieron sentirse deprimidos casi todos los días y esto se asoció en forma independiente con autopercepción de salud regular o mala, baja percepción de autoeficacia, mala percepción de disponibilidad de apoyo instrumental y presencia de conflicto. La variable que más contribuyó en el modelo fue la autopercepción de salud regular o mala (odds ratio = 3,2). Conclusiones. La autopercepción de salud aparece muy asociada con las quejas depresivas en las personas mayores de la comunidad, lo que avala los esfuerzos enfocados en optimizar la salud y los programas de apoyo dirigidos a este grupo. Cabe destacar que el apoyo familiar, específicamente el apoyo instrumental y la ausencia de conflicto, tienen importancia, aunque secundaria(AU)


Introduction. Epidemiological changes can have an effect on social and, and in particular, family ties, which are important elements in the mental health of older people. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of family support on depressive disorders in older people of the community. Material and methods. Face to face interviews were conducted on a representative sample of adults 60 years and older, living in urban area of Santiago de Chile. The information on depressive disorders was related to family composition, emotional and instrumental support, presence of conflict, health self-perception, functionality and self-efficiency. Data were analyzed using logistic regression models. Results. From a total of 394 participants, 62% females, mean age 74 years (SD=8.1), 16% felt depressed almost every day. Depressive disorders were significantly associated in regression models with impaired self-perception of health and efficacy, lower instrumental support, and with the presence of conflict. The variable that most contributed to the model was self-rated poor health, increasing the odds of depressive disorders by 3.2. Conclusions. Poor perception of health was the main determining factor for depressive complaints in older people, followed by lower family support, specifically instrumental support, and the presence of conflict. This information can help future programs in order to improve the quality of life in older people(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoio Social , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Autoeficácia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Grupos de Autoajuda/normas , Grupos de Autoajuda , Saúde Mental/educação , Intervalos de Confiança , Análise Fatorial
3.
Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol ; 48(1): 9-14, 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22980748

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological changes can have an effect on social and, and in particular, family ties, which are important elements in the mental health of older people. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of family support on depressive disorders in older people of the community. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Face to face interviews were conducted on a representative sample of adults 60 years and older, living in urban area of Santiago de Chile. The information on depressive disorders was related to family composition, emotional and instrumental support, presence of conflict, health self-perception, functionality and self-efficiency. Data were analyzed using logistic regression models. RESULTS: From a total of 394 participants, 62% females, mean age 74 years (SD=8.1), 16% felt depressed almost every day. Depressive disorders were significantly associated in regression models with impaired self-perception of health and efficacy, lower instrumental support, and with the presence of conflict. The variable that most contributed to the model was self-rated poor health, increasing the odds of depressive disorders by 3.2. CONCLUSIONS: Poor perception of health was the main determining factor for depressive complaints in older people, followed by lower family support, specifically instrumental support, and the presence of conflict. This information can help future programs in order to improve the quality of life in older people.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Família , Apoio Social , Idoso , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA