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Cranio ; : 1-6, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407059


Objective: To evaluate the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and malocclusion complexity using the Index of Complexity Outcome and Need (ICON) levels. Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional, case and control study was done. Cases and controls were matched in a one-to-one relationship (179 subjects each). The Research Diagnostic Criteria was used to evaluate the presence of TMD, and the ICON was used to quantify malocclusion complexity. A binary logistic regression (p < 0.05) was used to identify associations between variables. Results: TMD presence was associated with gender and malocclusion complexity (p < 0.05). The largest proportion of controls were in the lowest three levels of ICON complexity, while most cases were in the three highest levels (p < 0.001). Higher malocclusion complexity indicated a greater TMD risk. Conclusion: The results indicate that TMD is associated with malocclusion complexity. As malocclusion complexity increases, so do the odds of presenting with TMD.

Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1386-1391, oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134453


SUMMARY: The incisors are a key factor in dental occlusion and dentofacial aesthetics; therefore, the sagittal position and inclination of the incisors is a key parameter in diagnosis and orthodontic treatment planning. In some cases, the orthodontist will use more than one cephalometric analysis, and thus different results can be obtained. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic agreement among the different cephalometric measurements used to determine the anteroposterior position and the inclination of the incisors. Lateral cephalometric radiograms of patients between 18 and 59 years old were measured (n=260). Digital cephalometric measurements were made with Dolphin Imaging software, by a single calibrated operator. Here, a specific cephalometric analysis was designed in the software analysis editor. The results for each variable and each measurement were registered and compared. Fleiss's Kappa statistical tests, Cohen's Kappa, and Kendall's coefficient were used to determine the strength of agreement using the Minitab software. The results showed diagnostic strength agreement between slight and moderate among measurements of the same variable. This indicates that same diagnosis might not be obtained when using different approaches to measure the anteroposterior position and inclination of the incisors. It was concluded that there is a difference in the diagnosis between one measurement and another because the results showed slight or moderate strength of agreement. However, in some cases, better agreement was found when the measurements were compared as a function of the diagnostic response.

RESUMEN: Los incisivos son un factor clave en la oclusión dental y la estética dentofacial; por lo tanto, la posición sagital y la inclinación de los incisivos es un parámetro clave en el diagnóstico y la planificación del tratamiento de ortodoncia. En algunos casos, el ortodoncista utilizará más de un análisis cefalométrico y, por lo tanto, se pueden obtener resultados diferentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer el acuerdo de diagnóstico entre las diferentes mediciones cefalométricas utilizadas para determinar la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se midieron radiografías cefalométricas laterales de pacientes entre 18 y 59 años (n = 260). Las mediciones cefalométricas digitales se realizaron con el software Dolphin Imaging, por un solo operador calibrado. Aquí, se diseñó un análisis cefalométrico específico en el editor de análisis de software. Los resultados para cada variable y cada medición se registraron y compararon. Las pruebas estadísticas Kappa de Fleiss, Kappa de Cohen y el coeficiente de Kendall se usaron para determinar la fuerza del acuerdo utilizando el software Minitab. Los resultados mostraron un acuerdo de fuerza diagnóstica entre leve y moderado entre las mediciones de la misma variable. Esto indica que no se puede obtener el mismo diagnóstico cuando se utilizan diferentes enfoques para medir la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se concluyó que existe una diferencia en el diagnóstico entre una medición y otra porque los resultados mostraron una fuerza de acuerdo leve o moderada. Sin embargo, en algunos casos, se encontró un mejor acuerdo cuando se compararon las mediciones en función de la respuesta de diagnóstico.

J Dent Sci ; 15(3): 336-344, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952892


Background/purpose: Non-formation of a tooth impacts the morphology of the alveolar bone, which may, in turn, generate an imbalance in facial growth. This retrospective case-control study aimed to determine whether observable differences exist in the facial growth of patients with dental agenesis relative to complete dentition controls. Materials and methods: The sample comprised 75 patients with dental agenesis, and each case was paired with two controls of the same age and gender (n = 150). All patients were measured cephalometrically (31 variables), and both groups were compared with student's t- or Z-test (P < 0.05). Subsequently, ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis tests (P < 0.05) were used to compare facial growth depending on the missing tooth's sagittal location in the dental arch (anterior or posterior agenesis); as well as its location in the affected bone (maxillary, mandibular, or both). Results: Four measurements with significant differences were found, whereas ten were found in the sagittal location in the dental arch analysis. Regarding the affected bone, there were no affected variables. Conclusion: it was found that patients with dental agenesis show differences in the sagittal growth of the upper jaw and in the position of the lower incisor. In the studied population, these changes are strongly influenced by the sagittal location of the missing tooth, while its location in the jaws does not affect facial growth.

Case Rep Dent ; 2019: 7638959, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612084


Dental transmigration is a rare condition that mainly affects the mandibular canines. Since the tooth involved is usually impacted and its crown has crossed the midline towards the opposite side, the treatment options frequently are surgical removal or radiographic follow-up, and, in some cases, orthodontic traction is possible. In 2002, Mupparapu presented a classification for lower canines in transmigration according to their position within the mandible. This paper is aimed at describing the orthodontic treatment of a female patient with two impacted mandibular canines, one of them in a Mupparapu type 2 transmigration position (horizontal impaction position near the lower mandibular border and below the incisors' root apices). Additionally, the paper discusses the biomechanical orthodontic design and the alternative treatment options for these complex cases.

Homo ; 70(2): 147-154, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486824


The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of anatomical variants of maxillary lateral incisors in archaeological and modern populations from the Maya region. Both populations were derived from the state of Yucatan, Mexico. The archaeological sample consisted of human remains representing 122 individuals from the ancient Maya archaeological site of Xcambo (AD 250-700). The modern sample consisted of 475 dental models from the municipality of Tahdziú, Yucatan. The anatomical variants evaluated included microdontia, barrel-shaped incisors, and talon cusp. The prevalence of each anatomical variant for each population was calculated and compared (Fisher p < 0.05). The prevalence of anatomical variants was 15.57% (n = 19) in the archaeological sample and 14.11% (n = 67) in the modern one; the difference was not significant (p = 0.666). When compared by specific anatomical variants, a significant (p = 0.013) association was observed for microdontia: 2.45% (n = 3) in the archaeological population and 9.05% (n = 43) in the modern population. Barrel-shaped incisors (p = 0.522) and talon cusp (p = 0.466) did not exhibit significant associations. The overall prevalence of anatomical variants in the maxillary lateral incisors in this region has not changed. The prevalence of microdontia has increased over the last 1500 years, and different microevolutionary processes may be called into question for such change.

Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/patologia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Anormalidades Dentárias/patologia , Arqueologia , História Antiga , História Medieval , Humanos , México , Paleodontologia , Anormalidades Dentárias/história
Int J Dent ; 2017: 7326061, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28326102


Objective. We quantified the prevalence of impacted maxillary canines (IMC) and their association with other dental anomalies (DAs). Materials and Methods. A retrospective study was done with 860 patients 12 to 39 years of age. The prevalence of IMC was calculated and compared by sex. The sample was divided into a control group and an impaction group, and the prevalence was calculated in both for a series of anomalies: agenesis, supernumerary teeth, shape anomalies of the upper laterals (microdontia, peg and barrel shape, and talon cusp), fusion, gemination, other impacted teeth, transposition, and amelogenesis imperfecta. The prevalence values for both groups were compared (Pearson's χ2 test, p ≤ 0.05). Results. IMC were present in 6.04% of the sample with no difference by sex (p = 0.540). Other DAs occurred in 51.92% of the IMC group and in 20.17% of the controls (p < 0.05). Significant associations (p < 0.05) were identified between IMC and four other DAs: microdontia, barrel shape, other impacted teeth, and transposition. The prevalence of all anomalies was lower in the control group. Conclusion. IMC were seen in 6.04% of patients. Patients with this condition also had a higher prevalence of other DAs. These other anomalies should be used as risk indicators for early diagnosis.

Int. j. morphol ; 31(4): 1371-1375, Dec. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-702319


La agenesia de terceros molares se ha reportado en un 24,3 por ciento en México. La agenesia dental está asociada a otras anomalías dentales debido a su origen genético. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia y distribución de agenesia de terceros molares así como establecer su asociación con otras anomalías dentales en una población ortodóntica. La muestra incluyó 670 pacientes ortodónticos de 9 a 20 años de edad. Se excluyeron pacientes con tratamiento ortodóntico previo y condiciones sindrómicas. Se calculó la prevalencia de agenesia de terceros molares y se comparó por sexo. Posteriormente los pacientes fueron divididos en 2 grupos, con agenesia de al menos un tercer molar y un grupo control y en ambos se calculó la prevalencia de 10 anomalías dentarias. Los resultados se compararon por medio de la prueba exacta de Fisher (p<0,05). La prevalencia fue del 25,97 por ciento, no hubo diferencia estadística entre géneros (p=0,139). El 41,95 por ciento de los pacientes del grupo de agenesia presentó anomalías asociadas, mientras que en el control fueron el 23,59 por ciento. Se encontró una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p=0,0001). Al comparar individualmente la prevalencia de cada anomalía por grupo, se encontró que la agenesia (p=0,0001) y los dientes retenidos (p=0,015) estaban disminuidos significativamente en el grupo control. En conclusión se encontró una prevalencia del 25,97 por ciento, sin preferencia de sexo. Los pacientes con agenesia de terceros molares presentan mayor prevalencia de anomalías dentales asociadas, particularmente agenesia de otros dientes y dientes retenidos.

Prevalence of third molar agenesis has been estimated in 24.3 percent in Mexico. Dental agenesis is associated with other dental anomalies due its genetic origin. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of third molar agenesis and to establish its association with other dental anomalies in an orthodontic population. The sample included 670 orthodontic patients from 9 to 20 years old. Exclusion criteria were patients with previous orthodontic treatment and syndromic conditions. Third molar agenesis prevalence was calculated and sex values were compared. Then, patients were divided into 2 groups, with agenesis of at least one third molar and a control group; prevalence of 10 dental anomalies were calculated for both groups. The results were compared using Fisher's exact test (p <0.05). Third molar agenesis prevalence was 25.97 percent, there was no statistical difference between sexes (p= 0.139). The 41.95 percent of patients in the agenesis group had abnormalities associated, whereas in the control group it was 23.59 percent. A significant difference between groups was found (p= 0.0001). When comparing the prevalence of each individual anomaly between groups, it was found that agenesis (p= 0.0001) and impacted teeth (p= 0.015) were significantly decreased in the control group. In conclusion it was found a prevalence of 25.97 percent, with no sex preference. Patients with agenesis of third molars have a higher prevalence of associated dental anomalies, particularly agenesis of other teeth and impacted teeth.

Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Anodontia/epidemiologia , Dente Serotino/anormalidades , Anormalidades Dentárias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo