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1.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(8): 651-661, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302044

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if plasma eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) abundance (%EPA) is associated with reduced hazard for primary heart failure (HF) events in the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) trial. BACKGROUND: Clinical trials suggest that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 PUFAs) prevent sudden death in coronary heart disease and HF, but this is controversial. In mice, the authors demonstrated that the ω3 PUFA EPA prevents contractile dysfunction and fibrosis in an HF model, but whether this extends to humans is unclear. METHODS: In the MESA cohort, the authors tested if plasma phospholipid EPA predicts primary HF incidence, including HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF) (EF <45%) and HF with preserved EF (EF ≥45%) using Cox proportional hazards modeling. RESULTS: A total of 6,562 participants 45 to 84 years of age had EPA measured at baseline (1,794 black, 794 Chinese, 1,442 Hispanic, and 2,532 white; 52% women). Over a median follow-up period of 13.0 years, 292 HF events occurred: 128 HF with reduced EF, 110 HF with preserved EF, and 54 with unknown EF status. %EPA in HF-free participants was 0.76% (0.75% to 0.77%) but was lower in participants with HF at 0.69% (0.64% to 0.74%) (p = 0.005). Log %EPA was associated with lower HF incidence (hazard ratio: 0.73 [95% confidence interval: 0.60 to 0.91] per log-unit difference in %EPA; p = 0.001). Adjusting for age, sex, race, body mass index, smoking, diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, lipids and lipid-lowering drugs, albuminuria, and the lead fatty acid for each cluster did not change this relationship. Sensitivity analyses showed no dependence on HF type. CONCLUSIONS: Higher plasma EPA was significantly associated with reduced risk for HF, with both reduced and preserved EF. (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]; NCT00005487).

2.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 28(7): 900-909, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170017

RESUMO

Background: The relationship of endogenous sex hormones (SH) with vascular endothelial function and with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is incompletely understood. We examined the associations between SH and endothelial function measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Materials and Methods: We included 1368 postmenopausal women and 1707 men, free of clinical CVD, participating in MESA Visit 1 (2000-2002). Serum SH [total testosterone, SH binding globulin (SHBG), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), estradiol] were measured; free testosterone was calculated. The percent FMD difference (%FMD) was measured by high-resolution ultrasound. Using multivariable-adjusted linear regression, we tested the cross-sectional associations of SH (log transformed, compared per one SD increment) with %FMD. Results: The mean age of women and men were 64.2 and 61.4 years, respectively. Among women, after adjusting for demographics, CVD risk factors, and hormone therapy, higher SHBG was associated with greater %FMD [ß = 0.215% (95% CI 0.026-0.405)], whereas higher free testosterone was associated with a smaller %FMD [-0.209% (-0.402, -0.017)]. Estradiol and DHEA were not associated with %FMD in women after multivariable adjustment. There was an age interaction, with higher free testosterone and lower SHBG associated with worse FMD in women <65 years of age, but not in those ≥65 years (p = 0.04). We did not see similar associations in men. Conclusions: A more androgenic SH profile of higher free testosterone and lower SHBG was associated with worse %FMD in postmenopausal women. Changes in SH with aging and menopause may result in vascular changes in women. Further studies are needed to assess longitudinal changes in SH levels and their association with vascular function.

3.
Am J Epidemiol ; 188(6): 991-1012, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155658

RESUMO

The Consortium of Metabolomics Studies (COMETS) was established in 2014 to facilitate large-scale collaborative research on the human metabolome and its relationship with disease etiology, diagnosis, and prognosis. COMETS comprises 47 cohorts from Asia, Europe, North America, and South America that together include more than 136,000 participants with blood metabolomics data on samples collected from 1985 to 2017. Metabolomics data were provided by 17 different platforms, with the most frequently used labs being Metabolon, Inc. (14 cohorts), the Broad Institute (15 cohorts), and Nightingale Health (11 cohorts). Participants have been followed for a median of 23 years for health outcomes including death, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and others; many of the studies are ongoing. Available exposure-related data include common clinical measurements and behavioral factors, as well as genome-wide genotype data. Two feasibility studies were conducted to evaluate the comparability of metabolomics platforms used by COMETS cohorts. The first study showed that the overlap between any 2 different laboratories ranged from 6 to 121 metabolites at 5 leading laboratories. The second study showed that the median Spearman correlation comparing 111 overlapping metabolites captured by Metabolon and the Broad Institute was 0.79 (interquartile range, 0.56-0.89).

5.
Eur Heart J ; 40(34): 2883-2896, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102408

RESUMO

AIMS: To characterize serum metabolic signatures associated with atherosclerosis in the coronary or carotid arteries and subsequently their association with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We used untargeted one-dimensional (1D) serum metabolic profiling by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR) among 3867 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), with replication among 3569 participants from the Rotterdam and LOLIPOP studies. Atherosclerosis was assessed by coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). We used multivariable linear regression to evaluate associations between NMR features and atherosclerosis accounting for multiplicity of comparisons. We then examined associations between metabolites associated with atherosclerosis and incident CVD available in MESA and Rotterdam and explored molecular networks through bioinformatics analyses. Overall, 30 1H NMR measured metabolites were associated with CAC and/or IMT, P = 1.3 × 10-14 to 1.0 × 10-6 (discovery) and P = 5.6 × 10-10 to 1.1 × 10-2 (replication). These associations were substantially attenuated after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Metabolites associated with atherosclerosis revealed disturbances in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, branched chain, and aromatic amino acid metabolism, as well as oxidative stress and inflammatory pathways. Analyses of incident CVD events showed inverse associations with creatine, creatinine, and phenylalanine, and direct associations with mannose, acetaminophen-glucuronide, and lactate as well as apolipoprotein B (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Metabolites associated with atherosclerosis were largely consistent between the two vascular beds (coronary and carotid arteries) and predominantly tag pathways that overlap with the known cardiovascular risk factors. We present an integrated systems network that highlights a series of inter-connected pathways underlying atherosclerosis.

6.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(6): 592-604, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Wake-Up T2MI Registry is a retrospective cohort study investigating patients with type 2 myocardial infarction (T2MI), acute myocardial injury, and chronic myocardial injury. We aim to explore risk stratification strategies and investigate clinical characteristics, management, and short- and long-term outcomes in this high-risk, understudied population. METHODS: From 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2010, 2846 patients were identified with T2MI or myocardial injury defined as elevated cardiac troponin I with at least one value above the 99th percentile upper reference limit and coefficient of variation of 10% (>40 ng/L) and meeting our inclusion criteria. Data of at least two serial troponin values will be collected from the electronic health records to differentiate between acute and chronic myocardial injury. The Fourth Universal Definition will be used to classify patients as having (a) T2MI, (b) acute myocardial injury, or (c) chronic myocardial injury during the index hospitalization. Long-term mortality data will be collected through data linkage with the National Death Index and North Carolina State Vital Statistics. RESULTS: We have collected data for a total of 2205 patients as of November 2018. The mean age of the population was 65.6 ± 16.9 years, 48% were men, and 64% were white. Common comorbidities included hypertension (71%), hyperlipidemia (35%), and diabetes mellitus (30%). At presentation, 40% were on aspirin, 38% on ß-blockers, and 30% on statins. CONCLUSION: Improved characterization and profiling of this cohort may further efforts to identify evidence-based strategies to improve cardiovascular outcomes among patients with T2MI and myocardial injury.

7.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(9): e010810, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017036

RESUMO

Background Identifying associations between serum metabolites and visceral adipose tissue ( VAT ) could provide novel biomarkers of VAT and insights into the pathogenesis of obesity-related diseases. We aimed to discover and replicate metabolites reflecting pathways related to VAT . Methods and Results Associations between fasting serum metabolites and VAT area (by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) were assessed with cross-sectional linear regression of individual-level data from participants in MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; discovery, N=1103) and the NEO (Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity) study (replication, N=2537). Untargeted 1H nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics profiling of serum was performed in MESA, and metabolites were replicated in the NEO study using targeted 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. A total of 30 590 metabolomic spectral variables were evaluated. After adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, smoking, physical activity, glucose/lipid-lowering medication, and body mass index, 2104 variables representing 24 nonlipid and 49 lipid/lipoprotein subclass metabolites remained significantly associated with VAT ( P=4.88×10-20-1.16×10-3). These included conventional metabolites, amino acids, acetylglycoproteins, intermediates of glucose and hepatic metabolism, organic acids, and subclasses of apolipoproteins, cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides. Metabolites mapped to 31 biochemical pathways, including amino acid substrate use/metabolism and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis. In the replication cohort, acetylglycoproteins, branched-chain amino acids, lactate, glutamine (inversely), and atherogenic lipids remained associated with VAT ( P=1.90×10-35-8.46×10-7), with most associations remaining after additional adjustment for surrogates of VAT (glucose level, waist circumference, and serum triglycerides), reflecting novel independent associations. Conclusions We identified and replicated a metabolite panel associated with VAT in 2 community-based cohorts. These findings persisted after adjustment for body mass index and appear to define a metabolic signature of visceral adiposity.

8.
Vasc Med ; 24(4): 306-312, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31023166

RESUMO

Common carotid artery (CCA) intima-media thickness (IMT) is associated with coronary heart disease and can be measured on ultrasound images either by hand or with an automated edge detector. The association of CCA IMT with incident peripheral artery disease (PAD) is poorly studied. We studied 5467 participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis composed of non-Hispanic white, Chinese, Hispanic, and African American participants with a mean age of 61.9 years (47.8% men). Framingham Risk Factors, manual-traced IMT (mt-IMT), and edge-detected IMT (ed-IMT) were entered into multivariable Cox proportional hazards models with incident PAD as the outcome. There were 87 events during a median follow-up of 12.2 years. In fully adjusted models and expressing the hazard ratios (HR) as an increment in SD values, both mt-IMT and ed-IMT were significantly associated with incident PAD: HR 1.36 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.61) and 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04, 1.60), respectively. We conclude that ed- and mt-CCA IMT measurements are associated with incident PAD. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00063440.


Assuntos
Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etnologia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Doença Arterial Periférica/etnologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Metabolomics ; 15(1): 4, 2019 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830465

RESUMO

We describe here the agreed upon first development steps and priority objectives of a community engagement effort to address current challenges in quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) in untargeted metabolomic studies. This has included (1) a QA and QC questionnaire responded to by the metabolomics community in 2015 which recommended education of the metabolomics community, development of appropriate standard reference materials and providing incentives for laboratories to apply QA and QC; (2) a 2-day 'Think Tank on Quality Assurance and Quality Control for Untargeted Metabolomic Studies' held at the National Cancer Institute's Shady Grove Campus and (3) establishment of the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC) to drive forward developments in a coordinated manner.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2455, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792419

RESUMO

Most genetic or environmental factors work together in determining complex disease risk. Detecting gene-environment interactions may allow us to elucidate novel and targetable molecular mechanisms on how environmental exposures modify genetic effects. Unfortunately, standard logistic regression (LR) assumes a convenient mathematical structure for the null hypothesis that however results in both poor detection power and type 1 error, and is also susceptible to missing factor, imperfect surrogate, and disease heterogeneity confounding effects. Here we describe a new baseline framework, the asymmetric independence model (AIM) in case-control studies, and provide mathematical proofs and simulation studies verifying its validity across a wide range of conditions. We show that AIM mathematically preserves the asymmetric nature of maintaining health versus acquiring a disease, unlike LR, and thus is more powerful and robust to detect synergistic interactions. We present examples from four clinically discrete domains where AIM identified interactions that were previously either inconsistent or recognized with less statistical certainty.

12.
Diabetes Care ; 42(5): 946-953, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: South Asians have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes compared with other race/ethnic groups. Body composition is associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes. Differences in body composition between South Asians and other race/ethnic groups are one hypothesized mechanism to explain the disproportionate prevalence of type 2 diabetes in this population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) cohorts to determine whether body composition mediated the elevated prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in South Asians. Participants (n = 2,615) with complete body composition data were included. Ordinal logistic regression models were calculated to determine the odds for glycemic impairment in South Asians compared with the MESA cohort. RESULTS: In multivariate models, South Asians had a significantly higher prevalence of glycemic impairment and type 2 diabetes compared with all four race/ethnic groups included in the MESA (P < 0.001 for all). In unadjusted and multivariate adjusted models, South Asians had higher odds for impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes compared with all other race/ethnic groups (P < 0.001 for all). The addition of body composition measures did not significantly mitigate this relationship. CONCLUSIONS: We did not identify strong evidence that accounting for body composition explains differences in the risk for type 2 diabetes. Future prospective studies of the MESA and MASALA cohorts are needed to understand how adipose tissue impacts the risk for type 2 diabetes and how to best assess this risk.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(2): e011053, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630376

RESUMO

Background South Asians have a relatively high prevalence of coronary artery calcium ( CAC ) compared with other race/ethnic groups. We determined CAC incidence and progression among South Asians, and compared them with 4 race/ethnic groups. Methods and Results Data from the MASALA (Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America) study were used to calculate CAC incidence and progression rates and any CAC change. Data from the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) were used to compare the CAC incidence and progression rates. A total of 698 South Asians had repeat CAC measurements after 4.8±0.8 years. Among those with no CAC at baseline, the age-adjusted CAC incidence was 8.8% (95% CI, 6.8-10.8%) in men and 3.6% (2.5-4.8%) in women. The median annual CAC progression was 26 (interquartile range, 11-62) for men and 13 (interquartile range, 4-34) for women. Compared with MESA , age-adjusted CAC incidence was similar in South Asian men compared with white, black, and Latino men, but significantly higher than Chinese men (11.1% versus 5.7%, P=0.008). After adjusting for age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and statin medication use, Chinese, black, and Latino men had significantly less CAC change compared with South Asian men, but there were no differences between South Asian and white men. There was no difference in CAC incidence or progression between South Asian women and women in MESA . Conclusions South Asian men had greater CAC change than Chinese, black, and Latino men but similar change to that of whites after adjusting for traditional risk factors.

14.
Circulation ; 138(22): 2456-2468, 2018 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The HEART Pathway (history, ECG, age, risk factors, and initial troponin) is an accelerated diagnostic protocol designed to identify low-risk emergency department patients with chest pain for early discharge without stress testing or angiography. The objective of this study was to determine whether implementation of the HEART Pathway is safe (30-day death and myocardial infarction rate <1% in low-risk patients) and effective (reduces 30-day hospitalizations) in emergency department patients with possible acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A prospective pre-post study was conducted at 3 US sites among 8474 adult emergency department patients with possible acute coronary syndrome. Patients included were ≥21 years old, investigated for possible acute coronary syndrome, and had no evidence of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction on ECG. Accrual occurred for 12 months before and after HEART Pathway implementation from November 2013 to January 2016. The HEART Pathway accelerated diagnostic protocol was integrated into the electronic health record at each site as an interactive clinical decision support tool. After accelerated diagnostic protocol integration, ED providers prospectively used the HEART Pathway to identify patients with possible acute coronary syndrome as low risk (appropriate for early discharge without stress testing or angiography) or non-low risk (appropriate for further in-hospital evaluation). The primary safety and effectiveness outcomes, death, and myocardial infarction (MI) and hospitalization rates at 30 days were determined from health records, insurance claims, and death index data. RESULTS: Preimplementation and postimplementation cohorts included 3713 and 4761 patients, respectively. The HEART Pathway identified 30.7% as low risk; 0.4% of these patients experienced death or MI within 30 days. Hospitalization at 30 days was reduced by 6% in the postimplementation versus preimplementation cohort (55.6% versus 61.6%; adjusted odds ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.71-0.87). During the index visit, more MIs were detected in the postimplementation cohort (6.6% versus 5.7%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.12-1.65). Rates of death or MI during follow-up were similar (1.1% versus 1.3%; adjusted odds ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.58-1.33). CONCLUSIONS: HEART Pathway implementation was associated with decreased hospitalizations, increased identification of index visit MIs, and a very low death and MI rate among low-risk patients. These findings support use of the HEART Pathway to identify low-risk patients who can be safely discharged without stress testing or angiography. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT02056964.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/patologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Algoritmos , Eletrocardiografia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Razão de Chances , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Troponina/análise
15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(18): e008334, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371180

RESUMO

Background Higher fibroblast growth factor-23 ( FGF -23) levels are associated with incident heart failure ( HF ) in MESA (the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). FGF -23 is also associated with left ventricular hypertrophy. Whether the FGF -23 association with HF is similar for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction ( HF r EF ) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction ( HF p EF ) is not well established. Methods and Results We studied 6542 participants (mean age 62±10 years, 53% women, mean estimated glomerular filtration rate of 81±18 mL/min per 73 m2) from MESA who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (2000-2002). HF events were ascertained by an adjudication committee for a median follow-up of 12.1 years. We classified HF events as HF r EF (ejection fraction [ EF ] <50%) or HF p EF [ EF ] ≥50%) at the time of diagnosis. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to compute hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between baseline serum FGF -23 and incident HF r EF and HF p EF . A total of 134 events were classified as HF p EF , 151 HF r EF , and 49 unknown EF . Following imputation, 149 were classified as HF p EF , 176 HF r EF , and 291 participants had HF (34 participants had HF p EF then HF r EF ). In the fully adjusted model, higher FGF -23 levels were associated with incident HF p EF but not with HF r EF (hazard ratio 1.29, 95% confidence interval, 1.08-1.54) versus (hazard ratio 1.04, 95% confidence interval, 0.84-1.29) for each 20 pg/mL higher serum FGF -23 concentration. Conclusions FGF -23 association with HF is driven by the association with HF p EF but not with HF r EF in a population-based cohort. Further studies are needed to determine the pathological mechanisms mediating this association.

16.
Radiology ; 289(3): 649-657, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30299234

RESUMO

Purpose To compare common carotid artery (CCA) wall thickness measured manually by using US and semiautomatically by using MRI, and to examine their associations with incident coronary heart disease and stroke. Materials and Methods This prospective study enrolled 698 participants without a history of clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) from July 2000 to December 2013 (mean age, 63 years; range, 45 to 84 years; same for men and women). All participants provided written informed consent. CCA wall thickness was measured with US as well as both noncontrast proton-density-weighted and intravenous gadolinium-enhanced MRI. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the associations between wall thickness measurements by using US and MRI with CVD outcomes. Results The adjusted hazard ratios for coronary heart disease, stroke, and CVD associated with per standard deviation increase in intima-media thickness were 1.10, 1.08, and 1.14, respectively. The corresponding associations for mean wall thickness measured with proton-density-weighted MRI were 1.32, 1.48, and 1.37, and for mean wall thickness measured with gadolinium-enhanced MRI were 1.27, 1.58, and 1.38. When included simultaneously in the same model, MRI wall thickness, but not intima-media thickness, remained associated with outcomes. Conclusion For individuals without known cardiovascular disease at baseline, wall thickness measurements by using MRI were more consistently associated with incident cardiovascular disease, particularly stroke, than were intima-media thickness by using US. © RSNA, 2018 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

17.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0204352, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30289950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported association of SCARB1 SNP rs10846744 with common carotid IMT (cIMT) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. Since rs10846744 has been reported in association with Lp-PLA2 mass and activity, we hypothesized that inflammatory pathways might mediate the association of rs10846744 with atherosclerosis. METHODS: We first examined association of rs10846744 in CVD in multiple large-scale consortium-based genome-wide association studies. We further examined 27 parameters of interest, including Lp-PLA2 mass and activity, inflammatory markers, and plasma phospholipid fatty acids, and fatty acid ratios in participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA), as potential mediators in the pathway linking rs10846744 with cIMT and incident CVD. Finally, we examined the association of rs10846744 with Lp-PLA2 activity, cardiovascular outcomes, and interaction with the Lp-PLA2 inhibitor, darapladib, in the Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy (STABILITY) and Stabilization of Plaque using Darapladib-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 52 (SOLID-TIMI 52) studies. RESULTS: SCARB1 rs10846744 was associated with coronary artery disease events in CARDIoGRAMplusC4D (odds ratio 1.05; 95% CI [1.02, 1.07]; P = 1.4x10-4). In combined analysis across race/ethnic groups in MESA, rs10846744 was associated with Lp-PLA2 mass (P = 0.04) and activity (P = 0.001), homocysteine (P = 0.03), LDL particle number (P = 0.01), docosahexaenoic acid [DHA] (P = 0.01), docosapentaenoic acid [DPA] (P = 0.04), DPA/ eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] ratio (P = 0.002), and DHA/EPA ratio (P = 0.008). Lp-PLA2 activity was identified as a mediator of rs10846744 with cIMT in a basic model (P = 8x10-5), but not after adjustment for CVD risk factors. There was no interaction or modifier effect of the Lp-PLA2 inhibitor darapladib assignment on the relationship between rs10846744 and major CVD events in either STABILITY or SOLID-TIMI 52. SUMMARY: SCARB1 rs10846744 is significantly associated with Lp-PLA2 activity, atherosclerosis, and CVD events, but Lp-PLA2 activity is not a mediator in the association of rs10846744 with cIMT in MESA.

18.
Am J Cardiol ; 122(3): 374-380, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30196932

RESUMO

An initial electrocardiogram (ECG) and serial troponin measurements are both independently and incrementally predictive of acute coronary syndrome in patients presenting with undifferentiated chest pain in the Emergency Department (ED). However, it is unclear if serial (ECGs) add significant to the contemporary diagnostic evaluation of this patient group. The ASAP CATH study was a single center, prospective study that enrolled patients presenting to an ED with undifferentiated chest pain. In addition to standard clinical evaluation, serial ECGs were performed at 90-minute intervals to evaluate whether serial changes suggestive of ischemia developed (Q waves, ST elevation or depression, or T-wave inversion). Total 365 subjects were enrolled from March 2014 to May 2015. Serial ECG changes developed in 6.6% (n = 24 of 365), the most common being the development of T-wave inversion (66.7%, n = 16 of 24). The sensitivity and positive predictive value of serial ECG changes were poor (<30%), with a less areas under the curve (0.55) compared with serial troponins alone (0.83). The addition of serial ECG changes to Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction risk scoring showed a decrease in the net reclassification index for major adverse cardiovascular events (-0.04, p <0.1) and was not significant for the prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events and/or acute coronary syndrome in 30 days (-0.003, p = 0.94). In conclusion, routine serial ECG evaluation for patients presenting with undifferentiated chest pain in the ED may not significantly improved diagnostic prognosis beyond current standard evaluation modalities.

20.
Circulation ; 137(25): 2741-2756, 2018 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915101

RESUMO

BACKGOUND: The inability to detect premature atherosclerosis significantly hinders implementation of personalized therapy to prevent coronary heart disease. A comprehensive understanding of arterial protein networks and how they change in early atherosclerosis could identify new biomarkers for disease detection and improved therapeutic targets. METHODS: Here we describe the human arterial proteome and proteomic features strongly associated with early atherosclerosis based on mass spectrometry analysis of coronary artery and aortic specimens from 100 autopsied young adults (200 arterial specimens). Convex analysis of mixtures, differential dependent network modeling, and bioinformatic analyses defined the composition, network rewiring, and likely regulatory features of the protein networks associated with early atherosclerosis and how they vary across 2 anatomic distributions. RESULTS: The data document significant differences in mitochondrial protein abundance between coronary and aortic samples (coronary>>aortic), and between atherosclerotic and normal tissues (atherosclerotic<

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