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3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of 'patient's minus evaluator's global assessment of disease activity' (ΔPEG) at treatment initiation on retention and remission rates of TNF inhibitors (TNFi) in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) patients across Europe. METHODS: Real-life data from PsA and axSpA patients starting their first TNFi from 11 countries in the European Spondyloarthritis Research Collaboration Network were pooled. Retention rates were compared by Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank test and by Cox regression, and remission rates by χ2 test and by logistic regression across quartiles of baseline ΔPEG, separately in female and male PsA and axSpA patients. RESULTS: We included 14 868 spondyloarthritis (5855 PsA, 9013 axSpA) patients. Baseline ΔPEG was negatively associated with 6/12/24-months' TNFi retention rates in female and male PsA and axSpA patients (P <0.001), with 6/12/24-months' BASDAI < 2 (P ≤0.002) and ASDAS < 1.3 (P ≤0.005) in axSpA patients, and with DAS28CRP(4)<2.6 (P ≤0.04) and DAPSA28 ≤ 4 (P ≤0.01), but not DAS28CRP(3)<2.6 (P ≥0.13) in PsA patients, with few exceptions on remission rates. Retention and remission rates were overall lower in female than male patients. CONCLUSION: High baseline patient's compared with evaluator's global assessment was associated with lower 6/12/24-months' remission as well as retention rates of first TNFi in both PsA and axSpA patients. These results highlight the importance of discordance between patient's and evaluator's perspective on disease outcomes.

4.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.

6.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e000994, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673410

RESUMO

Objective: To compare several methods of missing data imputation for function (Health Assessment Questionnaire) and for disease activity (Disease Activity Score-28 and Clinical Disease Activity Index) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: One thousand RA patients from observational cohort studies with complete data for function and disease activity at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months were selected to conduct a simulation study. Values were deleted at random or following a predicted attrition bias. Three types of imputation were performed: (1) methods imputing forward in time (last observation carried forward; linear forward extrapolation); (2) methods considering data both forward and backward in time (nearest available observation-NAO; linear extrapolation; polynomial extrapolation); and (3) methods using multi-individual models (linear mixed effects cubic regression-LME3; multiple imputation by chained equation-MICE). The performance of each estimation method was assessed using the difference between the mean outcome value, the remission and low disease activity rates after imputation of the missing values and the true value. Results: When imputing missing baseline values, all methods underestimated equally the true value, but LME3 and MICE correctly estimated remission and low disease activity rates. When imputing missing follow-up values at 6, 12, or 24 months, NAO provided the least biassed estimate of the mean disease activity and corresponding remission rate. These results were not affected by the presence of attrition bias. Conclusion: When imputing function and disease activity in large registers of active RA patients, researchers can consider the use of a simple method such as NAO for missing follow-up data, and the use of mixed-effects regression or multiple imputation for baseline data.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665497

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate TNF inhibitor (TNFi) retention and response rates in European biologic-naïve patients with PsA. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on PsA patients in routine care from 12 European registries were pooled. Heterogeneity in baseline characteristics between registries were explored (analysis of variance and pairwise comparison). Retention rates (Kaplan-Meier), clinical remission [28-joint count DAS (DAS28) <2.6; 28 joint Disease Activity index for Psoriatic Arthritis ⩽4] and ACR criteria for 20% improvement (ACR20)/ACR50/ACR70 were calculated, including LUNDEX adjustment. RESULTS: Overall, 14 261 patients with PsA initiated a first TNFi. Considerable heterogeneity of baseline characteristics between registries was observed. The median 12-month retention rate (95% CI) was 77% (76, 78%), ranging from 68 to 90% across registries. Overall, DAS28/28 joint Disease Activity index for Psoriatic Arthritis remission rates at 6 months were 56%/27% (LUNDEX: 45%/22%). Six-month ACR20/50/70 responses were 53%/38%/22%, respectively. In patients initiating a first TNFi after 2009 with registered fulfilment of ClASsification for Psoriatic ARthritis (CASPAR) criteria (n = 1980) or registered one or more swollen joint at baseline (n = 5803), the retention rates and response rates were similar to those found overall. CONCLUSION: Approximately half of >14 000 patients with PsA who initiated first TNFi treatment in routine care were in DAS28 remission after 6 months, and three-quarters were still on the drug after 1 year. Considerable heterogeneity in baseline characteristics and outcomes across registries was observed. The feasibility of creating a large European database of PsA patients treated in routine care was demonstrated, offering unique opportunities for research with real-world data.

8.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e030999, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481566

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is an invasive infection with high mortality and morbidity. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased risk of infections due to the disease per se and the use of antirheumatic treatments. Few minor studies have previously investigated risk of SAB in patients with RA and indicated increased risk compared with the general population. This nationwide observational study aims to investigate incidence of and risk factors for SAB in adult patients with RA compared with the general population. The effect of disease characteristics (eg, joint erosions, disease duration and activity), different antirheumatic treatments and smoking on SAB risk will be evaluated. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All adults (>18 years of age) alive and living in Denmark in 1996-2017 will be identified in The Danish Civil Registration System. Incident patients with RA are identified in the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) and the nationwide rheumatology registry, DANBIO, in which information on, for example, antirheumatic treatments, disease characteristics and smoking is collected prospectively in routine care. Information on comorbidities, invasive procedures and prescribed drugs are identified in the DNPR and in The Register of Medicinal Product Statistics. Socioeconomic status is evaluated in national registers on income and education. Incident cases of first-time SAB are identified in The Danish National SAB Database. All registers are linked on an individual level by unique civil registration numbers. Incidence rates and incidence rate ratios will be analysed using Poisson regression models and the impact of possible risk factors will be evaluated. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: All data will be handled in accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679. No ethical approval is necessary in Denmark when handling registry data only. The results will be presented in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology initiative in international peer-reviewed journals and at medical conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03908086.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1536-1544, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study drug retention and response rates in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) initiating a first tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi). METHODS: Data from 12 European registries, prospectively collected in routine care, were pooled. TNFi retention rates (Kaplan-Meier statistics), Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) Inactive disease (<1.3), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) <40 mm and Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society responses (ASAS 20/40) were assessed at 6, 12 and 24 months. RESULTS: A first TNFi was initiated in 24 195 axSpA patients. Heterogeneity of baseline characteristics between registries was observed. Twelve-month retention was 80% (95% CI 79% to 80%), ranging from 71% to 94% across registries. At 6 months, ASDAS Inactive disease/BASDAI<40 rates were 33%/72% (LUNDEX-adjusted: 27%/59%), ASAS 20/40 response rates 64%/49% (LUNDEX-adjusted 52%/40%). In patients initiating first TNFi after 2009, 6097 patients was registered to fulfil ASAS criteria for axSpA, 2935 was registered to fulfil modified New York Criteria for Ankylosing Spondylitis and 1178 patients was registered as having non-radiographic axSpA. In nr-axSpA patients, we observed lower 12-month retention rates (73% (70%-76%)) and lower 6-month LUNDEX adjusted response rates (ASDAS Inactive disease/BASDAI40 20%/50%, ASAS 20/40 45%/33%). For patients initiating first TNFi after 2014, 12-month retention rate, but not 6-month response rate, was numerically higher compared with patients initiating TNFi in 2009-2014. CONCLUSION: A large European database of patients with axSpA initiating a first TNFi treatment in routine care, demonstrated that 27% of patients achieved ASDAS inactive disease after 6 months, while 59% achieved BASDAI <40. Four of five patients continued treatment after 1 year.

10.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am ; 45(2): 231-244, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952395

RESUMO

Most patients with rheumatoid arthritis tend to be physically inactive and spend more time in sedentary behaviors compared with the general population. This inactive lifestyle can lead to serious health consequences, for example, increased risk of cardiovascular disease. For this reason, there is an interest in increasing participation in physical activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The relatively new approach of reducing sedentary behavior and replacing it with light-intensity physical activity has been shown to be feasible and effective in promoting physical activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. However, methods to facilitate this behavior have not yet been fully explored.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Exercício Físico , Promoção da Saúde , Consulta Remota/métodos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/reabilitação , Controle Comportamental/métodos , Humanos , Motivação , Comportamento Sedentário
11.
JAMA ; 321(5): 461-472, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30721294

RESUMO

Importance: Whether using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improves disease activity and slows joint damage progression is unknown. Objective: To determine whether an MRI-guided treat-to-target strategy vs a conventional clinical treat-to-target strategy improves outcomes in patients with RA in clinical remission. Design, Setting, and Participants: Two-year, randomized, multicenter trial conducted at 9 hospitals in Denmark. Two hundred patients with RA in clinical remission (disease activity score in 28 joints-C-reactive protein [DAS28-CRP] <3.2 and no swollen joints) were enrolled between April 2012 and June 2015. The final follow-up visit was April 2017. Interventions: Patients were randomly allocated (1:1) to an MRI-guided vs a conventional treat-to-target strategy. In the MRI-guided group, the treatment goal was absence of MRI bone marrow edema combined with clinical remission, defined as DAS28-CRP of 3.2 or less and no swollen joints. In the conventional group, the treatment goal was clinical remission. Main Outcomes and Measures: Co-primary outcomes were proportions of patients achieving DAS28-CRP remission (DAS28-CRP <2.6) and with no radiographic progression (no increase in total van der Heijde-modified Sharp score) at 24 months. Significance testing for the primary outcome was based on 1-sided testing. Secondary outcomes were clinical and MRI measures of disease activity, physical function, and quality of life. Results: Of 200 patients randomized (133 women [67%]; mean [SD] age, 61.6 [10.5] years; median baseline DAS28-CRP, 1.9 [interquartile range, 1.7-2.2]; van der Heijde-modified Sharp score, 18.0 [interquartile range, 7.0-42.5]), 76 patients (76%) in the MRI-guided group and 95 (95%) in the conventional group completed the study. Of these, 64 (85%) vs 83 (88%), respectively, reached the primary clinical end point (risk difference, -4.8% [1-sided 95% CI, -13.6% to + ∞; 1-sided P = .19]) and 49 (66%) vs 58 (62%), respectively, reached the primary radiographic end point (risk difference, 4.7% [1-sided 95% CI, -7.0% to + ∞; 1-sided P = .25). Of 10 key secondary end points, 8 were null and 2 showed statistically significant benefit for the MRI treat-to-target group. Seventeen patients (17%) in the MRI-guided treat-to-target group and 6 patients (6%) in the conventional treat-to-target group experienced serious adverse events. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with RA in clinical remission, an MRI-guided treat-to-target strategy compared with a conventional treat-to-target strategy did not result in improved disease activity remission rates or reduce radiographic progression. These findings do not support the use of an MRI-guided strategy for treating patients with RA. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01656278.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulações/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medula Óssea/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Edema/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Articulações/efeitos dos fármacos , Articulações/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Indução de Remissão
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3): 320-327, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612115

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate (1) crude and age-and gender-adjusted incidence rates (IRs) of serious infections (SI) and (2) relative risks (RR) of SI in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) initiating treatment with abatacept, rituximab or tocilizumab in routine care. METHODS: This is an observational cohort study conducted in parallel in Denmark and Sweden including patients with RA in Denmark (DANBIO) and Sweden (Anti-Rheumatic Treatment in Sweden Register/Swedish Rheumatology Quality Register) who started abatacept/rituximab/tocilizumab in 2010-2015. Patients could contribute to more than one treatment course. Incident SI (hospitalisations listing infection) and potential confounders were identified through linkage to national registries. Age- and gender-adjusted IRs of SI per 100 person years and additionally adjusted RRs of SI during 0-12 and 0-24 months since start of treatment were assessed (Poisson regression). Country-specific RRs were pooled using inverse variance weighting. RESULTS: We identified 8987 treatment courses (abatacept: 2725; rituximab: 3363; tocilizumab: 2899). At treatment start, rituximab-treated patients were older, had longer disease duration and more previous malignancies; tocilizumab-treated patients had higher C reactive protein. During 0-12 and 0-24 months of follow-up, 456 and 639 SI events were identified, respectively. The following were the age- and gender-adjusted 12-month IRs for abatacept/rituximab/tocilizumab: 7.1/8.1/6.1 for Denmark and 6.0/6.4/4.7 for Sweden. The 24-month IRs were 6.1/7.5/5.2 for Denmark and 5.6/5.8/4.3 for Sweden. Adjusted 12-month RRs for tocilizumab versus rituximab were 0.82 (0.50 to 1.36) for Denmark and 0.76 (0.57 to 1.02) for Sweden, pooled 0.78 (0.61 to 1.01); for abatacept versus rituximab 0.94 (0.55 to 1.60) for Denmark and 0.86 (0.66 to 1.13) for Sweden, pooled 0.88 (0.69 to 1.12); and for abatacept versus tocilizumab 1.15 (0.69 to 1.90) for Denmark and 1.14 (0.83 to 1.55) for Sweden, pooled 1.13 (0.91 to 1.42). The adjusted RRs for 0-24 months were similar. CONCLUSION: For patients starting abatacept, rituximab or tocilizumab, differences in baseline characteristics were seen. Numerical differences in IR of SI between drugs were observed. RRs seemed to vary with drug (tocilizumab < abatacept < rituximab) but should be interpreted with caution due to few events and risk of residual confounding.


Assuntos
Abatacepte/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(2): 192-200, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Real-world evidence on effectiveness of switching to biosimila r etanercept is scarce. In Denmark, a nationwide guideline of mandatory switch from 50 mg originator (ETA) to biosimilar (SB4) etanercept was issued for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) in 2016. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were studied in ETA-treated patients, who switched to SB4 (switchers) or maintained ETA (non-switchers). Retention rates were compared with that of a historic cohort of ETA-treated patients. Switchers who resumed ETA treatment (back-switchers) were characterised. METHODS: Observational cohort study based on the DANBIO registry. Treatment retention was explored by Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox regression (crude, adjusted). RESULTS: 1621 (79%) of 2061 ETA-treated patients switched to SB4. Disease activity was unchanged 3 months' preswitch/postswitch. Non-switchers often received 25 mg ETA (ETA 25 mg pens/syringes and powder solution were still available). One-year adjusted retention rates were: non-switchers: 77% (95% CI: 72% to 82%)/switchers: 83% (79% to 87%)/historic cohort: 90% (88% to 92%). Patients not in remission had lower retention rates than patients in remission, both in switchers (crude HR 1.7 (1.3 to 2.2)) and non-switchers (2.4 (1.7 to 3.6)). During follow-up, 120 patients (7% of switchers) back-switched to ETA. Back-switchers' clinical characteristics were similar to switchers, and reasons for SB4 withdrawal were mainly subjective. CONCLUSION: Seventy-nine per cent of patients switched from ETA to SB4. After 1 year, adjusted treatment retention rates were lower in switchers versus the historic ETA cohort, but higher than in non-switchers. Withdrawal was more common in patients not in remission. The results suggest that switch outcomes in routine care are affected by patient-related factors and non-specific drug effects.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/administração & dosagem , Substituição de Medicamentos/métodos , Etanercepte/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Antirreumáticos/normas , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/normas , Dinamarca , Substituição de Medicamentos/normas , Etanercepte/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Espondilartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(1): 110-119, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169706

RESUMO

Objectives: A cohort of routine care RA patients in sustained remission had biological DMARD (bDMARDs) tapered according to a treatment guideline. We studied: the proportion of patients whose bDMARD could be successfully tapered or discontinued; unwanted consequences of tapering/discontinuation; and potential baseline predictors of successful tapering and discontinuation. Methods: One-hundred-and-forty-three patients (91% receiving TNF inhibitor and 9% a non-TNF inhibitor) with sustained disease activity score (DAS28-CRP)⩽2.6 and no radiographic progression the previous year were included. bDMARD was reduced to two-thirds of standard dose at baseline, half after 16 weeks, and discontinued after 32 weeks. Patients who flared (defined as either DAS28-CRP ⩾ 2.6 and ΔDAS28-CRP ⩾ 1.2 from baseline, or erosive progression on X-ray and/or MRI) stopped tapering and were escalated to the previous dose level. Results: One-hundred-and-forty-one patients completed 2-year follow-up. At 2 years, 87 patients (62%) had successfully tapered bDMARDs, with 26 (18%) receiving two-thirds of standard dose, 39 (28%) half dose and 22 (16%) having discontinued; and 54 patients (38%) were receiving full dose. ΔDAS28-CRP0-2yrs was 0.1((-0.2)-0.4) (median (interquartile range)) and mean ΔTotal-Sharp-Score0-2yrs was 0.01(1.15)(mean(s.d.)). Radiographic progression was observed in nine patients (7%). Successful tapering was independently predicted by: ⩽1 previous bDMARD, male gender, low baseline MRI combined inflammation score or combined damage score. Negative IgM-RF predicted successful discontinuation. Conclusion: By implementing a clinical guideline, 62% of RA patients in sustained remission in routine care were successfully tapered, including 16% successfully discontinued at 2 years. Radiographic progression was rare. Maximum one bDMARDs, male gender, and low baseline MRI combined inflammation and combined damage scores were independent predictors for successful tapering.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Suspensão de Tratamento , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(5): 874-883, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate an adjusted score for the multi-biomarker disease activity (MBDA) test to account for the effects of age, sex and adiposity in patients with RA. METHODS: Two models were developed to adjust MBDA score for age, sex and adiposity, using either serum leptin concentration or BMI as proxies for adiposity. Two cohorts were studied. A cohort of 325 781 RA patients who had undergone commercial MBDA testing and had data for age, sex and serum leptin concentration was used for both models. A cohort of 1411 patients from five studies/registries with BMI data was used only for the BMI-adjusted MBDA score. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses evaluated the adjusted MBDA scores and conventional clinical measures as predictors of radiographic progression, assessed in terms of modified total Sharp score (ΔmTSS). RESULTS: Two models were developed, based on findings that MBDA score was higher in females than males and increased with age, leptin concentration and BMI. In pairwise regression analyses, the leptin-adjusted (P = 0.00066) and BMI-adjusted (P = 0.0027) MBDA scores were significant independent predictors of ΔmTSS after adjusting for DAS28-CRP, whereas DAS28-CRP was not, after adjusting for leptin-adjusted (P = 0.74) or BMI-adjusted (P = 0.87) MBDA score. Moreover, the leptin-adjusted MBDA score was a significant predictor of ΔmTSS after adjusting for the BMI-adjusted MBDA score (P = 0.025) or the original MBDA score (0.027), whereas the opposite was not true. CONCLUSION: Leptin-adjusted MBDA score significantly adds information to DAS28-CRP and the original MBDA score in predicting radiographic progression. It may offer improved clinical utility for personalized management of RA.


Assuntos
Adiposidade , Fatores Etários , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Radiografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(12): 1736-1741, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30237203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the psychometric performance of a modified Disease Activity index for PSoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) using 28 instead of 66 swollen/68 tender joint counts (SJC/TJC). METHODS: We included patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) from the Danish national quality registry DANBIO, divided into examination (n=3157 patients, 23987 visits) and validation cohorts (n=3154 patients, 24160 visits). We defined DAPSA28 = (28TJC × conversion factor1) + (28SJC × conversion factor2) + patient global (0-10VAS) + pain (0-10VAS) + C reactive protein (CRP) (mg/dL). Identification of the conversion factors was performed by generalised estimating equations in the examination cohort and evaluation of criterion, correlational and construct validity in the validation cohort. RESULTS: We estimated DAPSA28 = (28TJC × 1.6) + (28SJC × 1.6) + patient global (0-10VAS) + pain (0-10VAS) + CRP (mg/dL). Criterion validity: DAPSA/DAPSA28 had comparable discriminative power expressed as standardised mean difference (DAPSA, 0.90; DAPSA28, 0.93) to distinguish between patients in high and low disease activity. Kappa with quadratic weighting of DAPSA/DAPSA28 disease activity states was high: 0.92 (95% CI 0.92 to 0.92). Standardised response means for DAPSA/DAPSA28 were -0.96/-0.92 for visits after biological DMARD-initiation. Correlational validity: Baseline DAPSA/DAPSA28 had high correlation with 28-joint disease activity score with CRP (r=0.87/r=0.93), simplified disease activity index (r=0.92/r=0.99), p<0.001. Bland-Altman plot showed better agreement between DAPSA/DAPSA28 for low than high disease activity. Construct validity: DAPSA/DAPSA28 were similarly correlated to Health Assessment Questionnaire; r=0.60/0.62, p<0.001. DAPSA/DAPSA28 discriminated patients reporting their symptom state as acceptable versus not acceptable equally well: mean (SD) 9.1 (8.7)/8.4 (8.0) and 24.2 (14.9)/22.5 (13.8), respectively. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that data sets with only 28-joint counts available can be used to calculate DAPSA28, especially in patients with low disease activity. DAPSA28 showed good criterion, correlational and construct validity and sensitivity to change. Still, our results support that 66/68 joint count should be performed and the original DAPSA should be preferred in PsA.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros
17.
BMC Med Genet ; 19(1): 165, 2018 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30208882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) results from the combined effects of susceptibility genes and environmental factors. Polymorphisms in genes regulating inflammation may explain part of the heritability of AS. METHODS: Using a candidate gene approach in this case-control study, 51 mainly functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes regulating inflammation were assessed in 709 patients with AS and 795 controls. Data on the patients with AS were obtained from the DANBIO registry where patients from all of Denmark are monitored in routine care during treatment with conventional and biologic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). The results were analyzed using logistic regression (adjusted for age and sex). RESULTS: Nine polymorphisms were associated with risk of AS (p < 0.05). The polymorphisms were in genes regulating a: the TNF-α pathway (TNF -308 G > A (rs1800629), and - 238 G > A (rs361525); TNFRSF1A -609 G > T (rs4149570), and PTPN22 1858 G > A (rs2476601)), b: the IL23/IL17 pathway (IL23R G > A (rs11209026), and IL18-137 G > C (rs187238)), or c: the NFkB pathway (TLR1 743 T > C (rs4833095), TLR4 T > C (rs1554973), and LY96-1625 C > G (rs11465996)). After Bonferroni correction the homozygous variant genotype of TLR1 743 T > C (rs4833095) (odds ratios (OR): 2.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.48-4.51, p = 0.04), and TNFRSF1A -609 G > T (rs4149570) (OR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.31-2.41, p = 0.01) were associated with increased risk of AS and the combined homozygous and heterozygous variant genotypes of TNF -308 G > A (rs1800629) (OR: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.44-0.72, p = 0.0002) were associated with reduced risk of AS. CONCLUSION: We replicated associations between AS and the polymorphisms in TNF (rs1800629), TNFRSF1A (rs4149570), and IL23R (rs11209026). Furthermore, we identified novel risk loci in TNF (rs361525), IL18 (rs187238), TLR1 (rs4833095), TLR4 (rs1554973), and LY96 (rs11465996) that need validation in independent cohorts. The results suggest that genetically determined high activity of the TNF-α, IL23/IL17, and NFkB pathways increase risk of AS.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Interleucina-17/genética , Interleucina-23/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dinamarca , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-23/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/genética , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 22/imunologia , Receptores de Interleucina/genética , Receptores de Interleucina/imunologia , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/imunologia , Sistema de Registros , Risco , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/imunologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/patologia , Receptor 1 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 1 Toll-Like/imunologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
18.
BMJ Open ; 8(6): e020874, 2018 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29961016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sickness absence has been used as a central indicator of work disability, but has mainly been examined in single diseases, with limited follow-up time. This study identified the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) of 32 chronic disease groups in the first year after diagnosis and the subsequent years. SETTING: We identified chronic disease groups prevalent in the work force (26 physical and 6 mental conditions) requiring all levels of care (primary, secondary, tertiary), by national registers of diagnoses from all hospital visits and prescribed medicine in Denmark from 1994 to 2011. PARTICIPANTS: A general population sample within the working age range (18-59 years) was drawn by Statistics Denmark. Participants not working before and during the follow-up period were excluded. A total of 102 746 participants were included. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: HRs of transitions from work to LTSA of each of the chronic conditions were estimated in Cox proportional hazards models for repeated events-distinguishing between risk within the first (<1 year) and subsequent years of diagnosis (≥1 year) and an HR ratio (HRR): HR ≥1 year divided by HR <1 year. RESULTS: Almost all the conditions were associated with significantly increased risks of LTSA over time. The risks were generally more increased in men than in women. Three main patterns of LTSA were identified across diseases: strong decreases of LTSA from the first to subsequent years (eg, stroke in men <1 year: HR=7.55, 95% CI 6.45 to 8.85; ≥1 year HR=1.43, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.74; HRR=0.23). Moderate or small decreases in LTSA (HRR between 0.46 and 0.76). No changes (HRR between 0.92 and 0.95) or increases in elevated risks of LTSA over time (HRR between 1.02 and 1.16). CONCLUSIONS: The 32 chronic diseases were associated with three different risk patterns of LTSA over time. These patterns implicate different strategies for managing work disability over time.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Doença Crônica/classificação , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Licença Médica/tendências , Adulto Jovem
19.
RMD Open ; 4(2): e000710, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018807

RESUMO

Objectives: National Danish guidelines in May 2015 dictated a mandatory switch from originator infliximab (INX) to biosimilar CT-P13 in patients with inflammatory rheumatic disease. We investigated if this non-medical switch changed use of outpatient hospital resources. Methods: Observational cohort study. Switchers were identified in DANBIO. Rheumatic outpatient contacts, visits and services were identified in the National Patient Registry. The 6-month rate for (1) number of visits (or services) and (2) days with ≥1 visit (or service) were compared before/after switching (paired t-tests). Visits per week per patient before/after the switch date were analysed with graphical interrupted time-series analysis. Results: In 769 switchers (372 males, median age 54 years (IQR 44-66)), 1484 outpatient contacts, 6718 visits and 9243 days with services (693 on switch date) were identified. Mean visit rate was 3.89 before and 3.95 after switch (p=0.35). Total number of services was 19 752 (2019 on switch date). Mean rates before/after switch for 16 service categories were small and differences close to zero. Visits per week per patient appeared similar before/after switch with peaks every ≈8 weeks (standard INX infusion interval). Conclusion: Changes were marginal with no clinically relevant increase in use of outpatient health care resources 6 months after compared with 6 months before mandatory switch from originator to biosimilar infliximab.

20.
RMD Open ; 4(1): e000655, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29682328

RESUMO

There are increasing needs for detailed real-world data on rheumatic diseases and their treatments. Clinical register data are essential sources of information that can be enriched through linkage to additional data sources such as national health data registers. Detailed analyses call for international collaborative observational research to increase the number of patients and the statistical power. Such linkages and collaborations come with legal, logistic and methodological challenges. In collaboration between registers of inflammatory arthritides in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland and Iceland, we plan to enrich, harmonise and standardise individual data repositories to investigate analytical approaches to multisource data, to assess the viability of different logistical approaches to data protection and sharing and to perform collaborative studies on treatment effectiveness, safety and health-economic outcomes. This narrative review summarises the needs and potentials and the challenges that remain to be overcome in order to enable large-scale international collaborative research based on clinical and other types of data.

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